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NA REPUBLICAN AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-NINTH YEAR 20 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1919 20 PAGES VOL. XXIX., NO. 223 Y MEW YEA T VERY jo 19 IKES IT Returns to Paris To Italy Tonight Two Men Make Opposing Statements At Almost Same Time President Allows No Ink ling: of Opinion to Escape Him. PARIS, Dec. 31. (I lavas) President and Mrs. Wilson arrived in Paris this evening from their visit to England. The steamer Brighton, on which the prtsidcrlial party made the passage of the channel, reached Calais at 12:40 o'clock and was welcomed by General Ditto, the governor of Calais, the of ficers commanding the allied bases and representatives of the municipality. The president left for Paris at 1 o'clock by special train. Returns To Paris PARI 5. Dec. 31. (By the Associated Press) President Wilson returned to Paris tonight- He will spend New Year's day resting, departing at night for Italy. The president tonight expressed him self as exceedingly pleased with his reception and the conferences he had in England. Premier Clemcnceau's declaration in tho chamber of deputies favoring the principles of a balance of power has not been referred to by President Wil son. Indications are totally lacking as to how the president regards tho pre niif-r's view3 on this subject. Officials close to President Wilzon point out that at almost the very hour when 31 Clemenceau was making his declaration In Paris, the president. speaking in Manchester, said the United States would never enter into any com bination of nations that was not a com bination of ajj of them, and declaring specifically against the principle of the balance of power. Variance Not Serious Tho president was Fpeaking for what it i3 understood he hopes to be a concert of powers. i However much M. Clemenceau's dec larations may appear to be at variance with the announced purposes for which President Wilson will contend at the peace conference, it is held that there is no reason to believe that it is likely to constitute a stumbling block, or cre ate a situation that would affect the participation of the United States in the conference. President Wilson tonight, on his ar rival here, authorized tho following statement: "L'pon leaving England. President and Mrs. Wrilson expressed their very great pleasure at the delightful cordial ity of their welcome. The president -xprcss';d great satisfaction at finding how clcsely the purpose and feeling of the people of Great Britain correspond with the purpose and feeling of the people of the United States." PARIS, Dec. Sl.By the Associated Press.) Etienne du Naleche, director of the Journal des Debats and vice president of the society of Paris jour nalists, has given the Associated Press the f ollowing concerning the practical application of open diplomacy to the peace congress: "The war which is ending is a war of peoples; the peace will and it should be a peace of the peoples. The sessions must bi; public, in tho sense at least that tho public ought to know on what basis they repose and to what com bin.itions they arc attached. "There is no question of publishing reports of the sittings of the congress, as is done in the case of legislative Fittings, nor of divulging tho conver sations between the plenipotentiaries. Put each plenipotentiary ought to have the right to make public what he has communicated in writing, or verbally, to tho congress. 'If discretion prevents him from re vealing what has been confided to his colleagues, his duty towards his coun . try bids him enlighten the country on the manner in which he is carrying out his mission. Discretion is a condition necessary to every negotiation, but it shld not bind a plenipotentiary as a secret of tho confessional binds. Make Decisions Public "It in clearly subordinated to the obvious conditions that the mainte nance of secrecy will not do injury to the interests of his country. Other wice plenipotentiaries without scru ples being assured of absolute se crecy, could make offensive sugges tions to plenipotentiaries without risk. "As regards decisions, they should be made public as soon as each is reached. Caro should be taken to avoid placing the peoples brusquely some day before a complete collection of irrevocable decisions. "Hitherto Ihe governments have al ways taken precautions that nothing shall bo divulged before the definite Hosing of diplomatic conferences. This has been so because previous con filets were, above all, conflicts of gov 'ernments. Tut the case is not the same for the present conflagration, srnmenus. Tutthecaseisnotthe T&fuh r "The right of every delegation to make public its own declarations is the minimum. It would be preferable that a substantial summary of the work of each sitting or each group of sittings be communicated regularly to the prtss. The deliberations would tln ri l tv rendered more serious, more feniie. it is tha certainty- of wcrrcy which has given advantages to bubbler and inti iyutis." Kill PREM ER S TALK JOURNALIST GIVES PUBLICITY SCHEME FOR PEACE COUNCIL Send Arizona Men to Kearney For Discharge CAMP LEWIS, Tacoma, Wash, Dec 31. Orders issued today trans fer 227 men from Camp Lewis to the Presidio, San Francisco, and 78 men to Camp Kearny, San Diego, for discharge. The men going to San Francisco, came here from that city and northern California. Those going to Camp Kearny are from southern California and Arizona, The detachment will leave here next Thursday. o Ribot Says Amount Must Be Within Limit to Pay Would Set Time for Set tlementSays Other Na tions Should Take Their Turns Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, Dec 31. (By the Associated Press). Former premier and minister of finance, Alexander Ribot, said to the Associated Press today that the final situation of all tho nations asso ciated against the Germanic coalition must, at the end of their effort, bo ad justed with due regard for the efforts and sacrifices made by each, taking into account their respective resources and their ability to pay. He declared that in the counting, sacrifices and losses of man power must figure along with outlays in money and damages sustained. Germany and her associates in the war, said M. Ribot, must pay accord ing to their resources, m addttion to their own war -debts, a share of the expenditures of tha entente coalition, over and above the damages they have caused to-the invaded countries). In view of the fact that France was tho principal battlefield, and that she furnishde by far the greatest effort, furnished by far the greatest effort, proportion to her population, M. Ribot holds that she should have priority in tho claims upon Germany for indem nity. Against German Servitude "That indemnity," he added, "must be considerable. But it ought not to be so big as to place the German people in a sort of servitude for a prolonged period. That would eventually en gender further strife, which is pre cisely what the peace congress will aim to make unnecessary and impossible. "If Germany is called upon to pay the immense total properly charged to her, she will bo able to do so only if she is not entirely deprived of foreign trade. We cannot take her markets from her, while expecting her to find" the money to meet the engagements we impose upon her. She must have raw materials to work with, and the possibility of exporting her products; otherwise her population will emigrate and her industries will languish. "Instead of being able to contribute to the debts of tho allies, she will have difficulty in meeting her home obliga tions." Regarding the amount of the indem nity Germany may be able to pay, M. Ribot declined to make an estimate. "It ought to be limited, however," he said, "to a sum that may be wiped out, principal and interest, in a limited number of years. France's right to priority in war claims upon Germany, M. Ribot con tended, rests upon the fact that while this war was not her war alone, her sacrifices were the greatest in pro portion to her population and to her resources. o Republican A. P. Leased WlreJ CAMP KEARNY, SAN DIEGO, Cal Dec. 31. Court martial hearings in the case of Lieutenant Halver Perry, charged with the murder of Captain Abram Posner, and with desertion, were concluded here today, after Perry had made an unsworn statement to the court, denying the killing of Posner was' premeditated or without cause, as charged. "There is more behind this case than the court knows or ever will know," he said. "No witnesses were called in Perry's behalf. Posner was killed December 2." It was announced that the case had Jeen taken under advisement, that a vote of tha court would be taken, and that it would be submitted to Brigadier General Peter W. Davison, commanding tne sixteenth division tomorrow. Both Perry and Posner were at tached to the 81st Infantry, organized here. Perry's statement was made on a ruling by Brigadier General Short, as president of the court. Perry said: "I deny that I am guilty of murder ing Captain Posner feloniously and rpremeditadedly, without any cause. I am confident that I have played square and that Captain Posner had a better show than was coming to him." Before making this statement. Lieu tenant Perry expressed a willingness to answer any question that the court might wish to ask. None was asked, as this procedure was objected to by the judge advocate, and his objection was sustained. Officers of the court said a verdict of guilty requires only a majority vote of tho court, vich contains 11 members. A,, death sentence, however, requires a two-thirds vote. FRANCE US FIRST DIKES FROM GERMANY CONCLUDE TRIAL OF PERRY FOR MURDER PRESIDENTS OF TWO GREATEST REPUBLICS IN WORLD, WILSON OF U. S. POINCARE. FRANCE r President llson will speno today in Paris, leaving tonight for Italy, where he will be tho guest of King Victor Emmanuel at the QuirinaL During his stay in Rome, he will visit with tlio Pope. On his return to Paris, next week, ho will be ready for the serious business of determining peace conditions for the world. REPUBLICAN RENEWS THE HASKIN SERVICE The Republican has again added the Frederic J. Haskin service, which is something more than a feature. It is an indespensable part of the modern newspaper. It is not entirely new to the readers of The Republican. It was used by this paper for several months last spring, with the most satis factory results to the management and the readers, who were brought into closer touch with governmental affairs than they could have been through any other agency. Though not a news service, in the sense that the Associated Press and other similar agencies are, it secures many important news "beats" over thoce associations and gives more space to important news. The taking over of this service re stores The Arizona Republican's Infor GIRL Iff LOVE STOPS FEDERAL TillL FOR ES' Republican A. P. Leased Wire CHICAGO, Dec. 3L Efforts made by a girl stenographer, employed by a Chicago newspaper, to get a love, note to one of the jurors today, halted the trial of the five socialist leaders, charged with violation of the espionage law. The girl, it is said who had been flirting with one of the jurors for sev eral days, scribbled a love note and handed it to a bailiff with a request that he deliver it to the juror. The bailiff reported tha incident to Judge Landis who stopped the trial to make investigation. He summoned the lawyers and defendants before him in his chambers, and later sent for the girl stenographer and a woman re porter, employed by a Milwaukee news paper. After questioning the stenographer for half an hour, Judge Landis was convinced that no effort had been made to tamper with the jury, and that the girl's action w as the result of ignorance of court rules. He ordered the girl ex cluded from the future sessions gf the trial and the hearing proceeded. Victor I. Berger. congressman -elect from Milwaukee, tho last of the five defendants to be called as a witness. was on the stand throughout tho day. When court adjourned until Thursday morning, his direct examination had not been concluded. Not Hysterical Socialist. Berger. afier giving his life's history, described himself as a. conservative and conservative socialist, who believed in accpmplising results by peaceful and legal means. ' There are two schools of socialism," he said. "Historical and hystencal." "I belong to the historical school. 1 believe in complying with the law. I was never arrested in my life until this case. I have little patience with some of the young men who compose the radical element of our party. The bolshevlki in Russia are extreme radi cals, who believe in confiscating prop erty and resorting to violence to carry their ends. I do not approve of any of those things and never have. ''My plan is to obtain control grad ually and pay as we go. I would not confiscate any property. My way of abolishing the great trusts would be to have the government buy them. That would be cheapest in the' end." . Paints Himself Innocent Berger said he never approved of sabotage or any other forms of violence practiced by the I. W. W. He said that when the I. w. W. was organized in 1905, he was invited to join but refused. Later he was responsible for the ex pulsion of William D. Haywood, general secretary and treasurer of the I. W. W. (Continued On Page Two) ira 5, mation Bureau at Washington, D. C. of which thousands availed themselves last string to their great advantage, and obtained informaiton which they could have secured in no other way. Through this bureau, many of the read ers of The Republican secured also books and documents of value, Avhich were mailed to them free on applica tion to the Washington office of The Republican's information Bureau, Much information will be desind by hundreds of our readers from the war department, regarding allotments and insurance. All this will be furnished by The Republican's bureau, which will thus become of greater use than ever. We can think of no more valuable New Year's gift to the more than 10,000 subscribers of The Republican, than the aid which this service will afford them through the year 1919. s OF BROADER NAVAL COLLEGE AT NEWPORT Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. Under plans for a comprehensive expansion of the naval war college at Newport, Rhode Island, until its work will reach officers throughout the fleet. Admiral Sims, now commanding the American naval forces abroad, will return to the presidency of the college when his present duty is completed. i Secretary Daniels disclosed this as signment today, in presenting to the house naval committee a request for doublo the appropriation made for the college last year. He also told the com mittee that Admiral Sims had re quested that ho be returned to New port, which he left just before the United States entered the war, to has ten to London to arrange for the par ticipation of the American navy in the fight ngainst the common enemy. "The study of naval strategy and naval tactics, during the last four years, the secretary told the committee, 'will have deep interest for every naval officer and the application of the prin ciples learned during the war in future naval strategy will need to be studied by ail naval officers, who may be charged with responsible duties. I do not think that any money for naval purposes can be expended more wisely than to give the opportunity for naval officers to study at the war college and to carry the stup'y to all men i.i the fleet. Work to be Expanded 'Under Admiral Sims' direction, the college will expand its work so that it will touch every officer in the fleets, as well as those officers who are priv ileged to go to Newport for a term. It is my puroose to have assigned to the college an eminent naval constructor and along with the study of tactics and strategy, there will be the studv of na val construction. We have learned many things about tho buijding of ships, and the importance of the pro tection of ships, during this war. Other officers and other staffs and corps will also have the advantage of attendance at the war college. It will be manifestly unjust now, to put in force an oraer that no man should be assigned to an important place in tjie fleet, who had not taken the college war course, but we are looking toward that end and must make provision for affording oppor tunity to all officers to take this course When this has been done, promotion and leadershio in the navy should fro to those who have mastered strategy and tactics, as taught at the war collegs, aa well as to those who have shown mas tery over the seas, in the actual prac tice of seamanship afloat j fiL r It. W SI iED I n STIR OFFICIALS iT Philadelphia Promised a Reign of Terror Litera ture Found Puts Russians Under Suspicion Recent Threats Made Public Buildings and Persons Closely Guarded PHILADELPHIA, Deo. St. Federal authorities, especially department of justice investigators, are lending as sistance io the city police in investi gating every clue and theory that has any possibility of brining to justice tho perpetrators of last night's wide spread bomb outrage. One arrest was made today, a well known radical of this city being taken into custody. Xo charge has been preferred against him, but no one was tonight permitted to see him. He has frequently appeared in public and has often been driven from the . city hall plaza, where he attempted to gather crowds and address them. While nothing has developed to indi cate he was connected with the explo sions, the police declare they will hold him for further investigation. There were three explosions last night in twenty five minutes, the. first at the home of Ernest T. Trigg, presi dent of the chamber of commerce of Philadelphia and a director of the United States ehamber of commerce; the second at the apartments of Will iam B. Mills, acting head of the Phila delphia police; the last at the resi dence of Justice Robert von Mosch zisker of the Pennsylvania supremo court. Wife of Judge Injured The wife of Judge William G. Knowles of the municipal court, who lives opposite the home of Justice con Moschzisker, was injured. She was struck on the head by a piece of the bomb while standing at a window. All sorts of clues and theories are being investigated by the .Mithorities, ranging from an international bolshe vik terrorist movement down to the work of a single fanatic, "nursing a fancied wrong. Federal authorities are inquiring sharply into the activities of groups of men and women who, since the United States entered the war, have been busy circulating literature, op posing the draft system. A number of such offenders within the last year have been given prison sentences. In connection with the campaign against seditionists, it was learned today that threats have been made against the local officers of the department of justice ,and certain judicial officers. Constant guard has been kept, but nothing ever came of the threats. Russian Socialists Suspected Justice von Moschzisker and the police officials hold the theory that the bomb outrages were not directed against police and court offi"ials, per sonally, but are part of a general movement against the elements of so ciety mentioned in the circular found near the buildings where the explo sions occurred. This circular was ad dressed: "To the exploiters, the judges, policemen, the priests and soldiers." One paragraph in the circular, it is eoirt "Han rfritrn thrt oftpntinn rif fed- era! authorities to a certain group of anarchists who have been active at different times. This paragraph reads: "Science triumphed over Torquema- da's century. Anarchy will triumph over the present Torquemadas of our century. We have demanded the free dom of all political prisoners, freedom of press and speech, iou have re fused. We war against you." In running out the many supposed clues, the police are looking Into the activities of an organization said to be known as the "Deputies of Russia so viet workers' colony of Philadelphia, and vicinity." This organization is believed to be connected with another known as the "All Russia Soviets com mittee of America," with headquarters in New York. Alleged activities of these organizations was given news paper publicity last summer, but whether the police or federal authori ties investigated them at the time can not be learned. Public Places Guarded While the outrages have failed to terrorize the authorities, nevertheless, they are taking every precaution against further violence. The home of every judge in the city was tonight under guard, as were also the homes of prominent city officials and clergy men who have taken active part in the campaign against seditionists, draft dodgers and others considered enemies to the cause of the United States in the war. The federal build ing, housing tho main postoffice, all tho United States courts and various local branches of the government wercnalso under guard. About a dozen anarchistic circulars were found today between the leaves of telephone direc tories in the public booths in the build ing. Reports that the bombs were stolen from government munitions plants in this city or vicinity could not be con firmed. Pieces of the exploded bomb resembled parts of shrapnel shells. Many millions of shells were manu factured In the Philadelphia district during tho war, of which a large num ber were for the Russian, government before its collapse. An attorney who is active in social ist circles tonight issued a statement characterizing the explosions as "dastardly outrages," and denying that any member of the socialist party could have iad a hand in them. o FLORIDA ON DRY LIST TAMPA, Fla., Dec 31. Florida be came "bone dry" at midnight tonight, with the taking effect of the recently adopted amendment of the state legis lature, making sale, manufacture or transportation of liquor or beer and wines illegal and providing heavy pen talties for intoxication. 11 GATE no TO Hi OflJOSBUCFJF UTHTIH Many Officials Retire War Agencies Dissolved Xew Director General Appoint ment Expected Hourly from White House Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. With the ending of the year 1918, at midnight tonight, a number of officials who have served the government during the war, retired from office, and at least two war agencies the war industries board and the treasury's capital issues committee ceased to exist. Officials who ended their services included Bernard M. Barucli, chairman of the war industries board; Thomas 15. jove, assistant secretary ot ine i treasury; Robert S. Lovett, director of I capital expenditures for the railroad administration; Carl R. Gray, director of operations of the railroad adminis tration, and A. A. Ballentine, solicitor of the internal revenue bureau. William Gibbs McAdoo had expected to end his duties as director general of railroads, but he will remain at his desk until next Saturday, to complete a report of his year of stewardship. The appointment of a successor is daily expected at the White House, but there has been no indication as to who he will be. It had been generally understood that Dr. Harry A. Garfield, who resigned as fuel administrator somo time ago, expected to resume his duties as presi dent of Williams college early ia the year, but no announcement as to when he will leavo his present office has yet been made. He and Chairman Barucli of the war industries board, and Chair man McCormick, of the war trade board, have been summoned to Europe by the president, to aid in work in con nection with the p'ace conference. Industries Board Through While the war industries board dis solved at midnight tonight, some of its work already has been turned over to the departments of commerce, interior and agricultural, and others will be taken over by the war trade board. which will continue to function for the present, at least. The board's price fixing committee, it is understood, will continue its work until the prices fixed on certain com modities expire by limitation, next July 3L but prices on Fteel, copper, pig iron, zinc, cement and other commodities expired tonight at midnight. Under present plans of the price fix ing committee, existing fixed prices would continue as follows: Sand, gravel and crushed stone, in the Nor folk district March 1; cotton compress ing July 31 ; brick for Philadelphia, Baltimore and Washington districts, January 31; and hides and leather, February 1. With the dissolution of the treas ury's capital issues committee, all gov ernment jurisdiction over private and public issues of securities ended. A plan for renewing supervision over so called fraudulent issues, is-under con sideration by the treasury department, however, so that holders of Liberty bonds may be protected against being swindled out of their savings. o WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. Secretary Daniels, in appearing todav before the house naval committee to explain the navy's needs as regards personnel, un til a permanent establishment can be determined in the light of the action of the peace conference, urged that hereafter naval officers be promoted on merit. The secretary recommended an amendment that would withdraw all applications of seniority in making promotions, and also suggested that of ficers in each rrade be permitted to select men for promotion to successive grades, instead of continuing the pres ent system of having all selections made by a single board. Increased pay for the men of the na vy also was recommended by Mr. Dan iels, who asked the committee to write into the new naval bill a provision making permanent the war time pay increases or trom J6 to Jlo for enlisted men. This would make the pay range from $36 to $.M a month. The secretary also asked that one month's pay be given navy men as a gratuity when they are discharged from the service. In explaining to the committee that the department would not now ask for any increase in the permanent enlisted strength of the navy. Secretary Daniels said the temporary increase should be authorized to include 60.000 temporary regulars and 53,000 of the reserves for operating transports. To give the 2.000 additional officers, necessary for the permanent establish ment by -July, 1920. Mr. Daniels said it was proposed to transfer 1.000 reserve officers to the regular establishment, to rank as ensigns and lieutenants. These, with 460 ensigns from the naval acad emy, next June, and 600 in June, 1920, would make up the needed number. WEATHER TIES UP TRAINS DENVER, Dec. 31. Railroad traffic which was tied up for two days last week by a blizzard in western Kansas, was interrupted again today by snow and below zero temperatures, coupled with high winds, over western Kansas and eastern Colorado. The Rock Island and the Denver-Kansas City line of the Union Pacific were blocked by snow drifts and trains On the Atchison, To peka and Santa Fe from the east, and on the Union Pacific from the west, were reported from two to ten hours late. A Rock Island train from the east due here this afternoon was reported snowbound at Goodland. Kansas, and eastbound trains from Denver on this line were annulled. . ASKS INCREASE IN PA, A! PERSONNEL ciEirau in ADDRESS STANDS AG1ST1S0R Premier and President Join Issue Former Upholds Balance of Power System Latter Utterly Opposes It First Clashvof Principle to Become Public Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, Dec. 31. The declaration made by President Wilson in hi speech at Manchester Monday, against balance of power among the nations, is regarded in high American quarters here as a direct rejoinder to the speech of Premier Clemenceau in the chamber of deputies, in which he declared his support of the "balance of power" idea. an his purpose to make it his guiding thought in the peace negotiations. Whether it was intended to be so is not known, but the president's speech. coming within 24 hours after that of the premier, has led to a contrast be tween the two declarations, as sharply defining two opposing viewpoints on the subject of balance of power among the nations. The textual copy of the premier's speech on Sunday night, now is avail able, and gives the following reference to this subject: Faithful To System "There is an old system which ap pears condemned today, and to which 1 do not fear to say that I remain faithful at this moment. Countries have organ- . ized the defense of their frontiers with the necessary elements and the balance of power." Great disorder broke out in tho chamber at this point, and Pierre Priz on, a socialist deputy, exclaimed: "This is the system which has, gone into bankruptcy ' Premier Clemenceau continued, say ing: "This system appears to be con demned by some very high authorities. Nevertheless, I will remark that if such a balance had preceded the war that if America, England, France and Italy had got together in declaring that who ever attacked one of them, must expect to see the three others take up the common defense. " Will Guide His Thought The premier was interrupted here by applause and disorder in the chamber, but later resumed: "There is in this system of alliances, which I do not renounce. I say it most distinctly, my guiding thought at tho conference, if your body permits me to go there, and 1 believe that nothing should separate, after the war. the four great powers that the war has united. To this entente, I will make all sacri fices." The statement of the French premier is looked upon as foreign to the state ment, made a few hours later at Man chester, by President Wilson, when the president said: Wilson Thinks Otherwise "If the future had nothing for lis but new attempt to keep the world at a right poise by a balance of power, the United States would take no interest, because she would join no combination of power which is not a combination of all of us." The French papers have refrained from discussing the difference of the viewpoints, resulting from M. Clemen ceau's speech, except the socialist or gan, Humanite, which says: "As to Clemenceau he repudiates with tranquility, the Wilsonian concep tions. Tomorrow it 'will be necessary to arm again, to construct fortresses and cannon and forge alliances against third powers. To the society of na tions, there is not even a discreet bow." ' o U.S. TO H ENTIRE 1919 WHEAT CROP WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. Chairms:! Lever of the house agricultural com mittee announced today, sfter a con ference with Secretary Houston, that, legislation to insure the maintenance of the government wheat guarantee, price for the 1919 crop was be n drafted by the department of agricul ture, and that he would introduce it in congress within a few days. Mr. Lever said the legislation would authorize the president to continue operation of the food administrate -.'s grain corporation, or create a-n-w agency for buying, selling and utoriti? the 1919 crop. A revolving fund or $600,000,000 for the use of the corpoiir tion also would be provided. "The government," Mr. Lever ra d. "will buy all of the 1919 croo and s 11 it at the world price, whatever tr.tt may be." He added that the gover i ment might lose a large sum hy main taining the price, but that it was cc essary to keep faith with the. farrne-s: While the world wheat reserve s,- n to be released was not now known, Mr. Lever said, Australia has a supply uf 300,000.000 bushels, and Argentine, In dia and other countries probably have large stocks, the sale of which might affect the export demand and reduce prices. MEXICO IMPOSES NEW DUTY DOUGLAS. Dec. 31. Beginning at midnight tonight, the Mexican govern ment will place an import duty of $1.10 a hundred pounds on flour and sugar shipped from the United States. This became known tonight when shippers at Naco, where several cars are await ing to be sent across the line, sought to make arrangements to pass their goods free, in accordance with a re cent order of the Mexican government. It is understood that similar duties have, been placed on other foodstuffs, which the people of Sonora badly need, and which mostly are procured from the United States.