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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWENTY-NINTH YEAR 2S PAGES THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, SUNDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 16, 1919 28 PAGES VOL. XXIX., NO. 269 rn fo) 0 Ira OJ Li p p r-i ran yj n iviLyj j fl) WILSON ASKS CONGRESS TO WITHHOLD LEAGUE DEBATE OTHS LEAGUE in A VIGOROUS OPEN STMENT Senator Poindexter Opposes Many Articles In League Plan Says One Is Uncon stitutional, Another Un conscionable And Third Abhorrent Democrats Approve. Cables Committee That Every Word Has Meaning Suggests Conference At White House Dinner On Return Hitchcock Is Pleased Lodge Gracious NT TO DEPEND 1 A Armistice Noiv m Extended With -No Time Limit WASHINGTON. Frb. 1 Viporous il:uk on lour articles cf the league of nations constitution those provid ing for disarmament, arbitration, su nrviMion of the munitions trade and for mandatories of foreign countries. made by Senator Poindexter of Washington, republican, in a state ment tonight. Ho declared the disar mumrnt and munition trade para graphs were unconstitutional, the ar bitration provision "uneonstitutioii anle'' and tho clause for mandatories abhorrent. lieg.irding tho eighth article of the constitution on disarmament. Senator Poindexter said: "This provision transfers to tho league the sovereign prerogatives of fixing the relative and absolute size of the armies and navies of the several countries. The pro vision Is unconstitutional and an im pendence of the sovereignty and inde pendence of this country. There ts no power in tho president, nor in the senate, nor in congress Itself, nor la n II combined, to transfer In this way the sovereign power of the nation.' Referring to press reports of adop tion by Cfernutny of an army conscrtp tlon policy. Senator I"oindexter de plored disarmament while trmanyl was taking military measures of her cn. Article twelve of the constitution, nroviding for arbitration and suspen sion of war for three months after ttie league acts. Senator I'oindexter declared " would put under the control of foreign owcr every question which might affect our Independence, safety, benor or existence." "It ts unconstitutional and the American people will never undcr- stanittiiiclv ratify It."' he said, "and if ratified it would never be and could never be kept, in tho face of on attack utm our vitul Interests." Declaring unconstitutional article 18 for provision of nations' munitions trade, Senator Po'ndcxtcr said: ' Abhorrent to Self-Respect "Furthermore, it is abhorrent to the rtt respect of the United States and a surrender of our sovereignity. It cannot be supposed that the t'nited States has reached such a condition of imb-cllity that it must have a guardian appointed for it to control its interna tional affairs. It Is curious that such a proposition should even receive con sideration." Article 1. providing for mandatories over foreign countries. Senator Poin dexter said would require use of Amer ican naval and military force In vari ous parts of the world at enormous ex pense and possible loss of life. "We are not called ujon," he said, "by any obligation as a nation, to as sume such duties, nnd It ts even doubt ful whether there Is any extensive de sire anywhere In the world that we should so impose ourselves on the nf 'lirs and peoples of other continents. Ii is abhorrent to the traditions to the nation, and in conflict with the century-old policy inherited from Washington. Monroe and other statesmen." Senators Tiltmnn of Nevada and WASHINGTON, Feb. 15. President Wilson today cabled a request to the foreign relation committees of congress to defer debate on the constitution of the proposed league of nations until ho had an opportunity to go over It, "article by article," with the members. "There is a good and sufficient rea son for the phraseology and substance of every article," declared the presi dent in bis message, transmitted througTi Secretary Tumulty. Members of the senate and house committee will dine at the White House on Ftbruaxy 2b. the lay after the presi dent is expected to land at Boston. This early meeting was Interpreted as indicative of the president's deter mination to get the details of the new world federation for peace before con gress as quickly as possible. The ca bled invitation ilid not name a dale for the conference, but almost immediately the time was announced, and this was taken to mean the president would proceed here direct from Boston after an address in that city. The president's message, dated Feb ruary 14, follows: Tell of Constitution "lAst night the committee of the conference charged with the duty of drafting a constitution for a league of nations, concluded, its work, and this afternoon, before leaving for the United Slates, it is to be my privilege and duty to read to a plenary session of the conference the text of the 26 articles agreed, upon by the commission. "The committee which drafted these articles was fairly representative of the world, resides the representatives of the United States, Great ltritain, France. Italy and Japan, representa tives of Lclgium. Serbia, rhina, Greece, Rumania, ("zecho-Sldvakia, Poland, llrazil and Portugal, actively partici pated in tbe debate and assisted ma terially In the drafting of this coasti tution. Kach article was passed only after the most careful examination by each member of the committee. "There Is a good and sufficient rea son for the phraseology and substance of each article. I request that I be permitted to go over with you. article by artirle, the constitution before this part of the work of the conference is made the subject of debate In congress. With this In view, I request that you dine with me at the White House as aoon after I arrive in the United States as my engagements permit." II BASLE, Feb. 15. The armistice has been extended indefinitely, according to a Treves dispatch to the Havas agency. The Germans are required to cease their offen sive against the Poles and carry out the provided terms of the arm istice until completed. o (Continued on Fage Two) NEWS EPITOME FOREIGN President Wilson leaves Franc on the George Washington, his first official act being the appointment . of Hugh C. Wallace as minister to France. Japanese peace delegate proud of league ef nations constitution. China it in a quandary at to whether treaty disclosures should be made. President asks congress to withhold debate on constitution until he has had an opportunity to explain it. Bourgeois supports league plan in a masterly oration. DOMESTIC Senator Poindexter attacks several articles of the league constitution in vigorous publio statement. Huge army bill it held up again en a point ef order; army of 175,000 more likely than 500.000. Butte street cars are operating again, restoring confidence to citizens. Tale of family daughter is recited in court by prisoner s attorney, LOCAL Arirona more than $50,000 abort of . $150,000 quota in triple drive for rW.ef in Near Eatt. J. D. Newman released en $20,000 wil. Work stopped on buildings at Flag- staff normal on account ot lacK of money Rocky Mountain club ef New York to entertain Arizona soldiers re turning, from overseas. Senate tike first real step for good roads by passing highway eommis s on loll. Last rffici.il war citation for bravery received by Frank Luke, Jr. it an nounced by the war department. Welcomes Conferences Chairman Hitchcock of the senate foreign relations committee, expressed much gratltlcation w hen' advised to night of President Wilson's plans for consultation with the senate and house committees. "In this matter, both democratic and republican members of the committee will be able to exchange views with the president," said Mr. Hitchcock. "He will come fresh from the scene, with Impressions and, very probably, infor mation which will be of immense value In a consideration of the league's con stitution. I think the conference will be of great value." Senator Hitchcock said he was ready to meet the president's request for postponement of discussion until after the White Hon.se conference. He said he knew of no plans by democratic senators to discuss the subject at pres ent. Democratic an(j republican leaders indicated that both uatnes were in clined to respect the president's wishes in the matter of debate, although it was said some members might desire to express their views forthwith. 'It had been thought there would be general discussion of the league, but only brief reierence was made to it during consid eration ot me rivers and harbor bill Lodge Grants Reauest Senator Lodge of Massachusetts, the republican leader, who will become chairman of the foreign relations com mittee in the next congress, was looked to for an expression ot his nanr'i attitude, but declined to comment, ex plaining that he had not had time to siujy me details of the proposed con- niiiuituu. i iwn renaior lodges re quest, the text was put into the con gressional record. The masschi..tt seifator promptly agreed when Senator i-iuman ot .Nevada asked that the president's address in presenting the uocumeni ue included. Outside of the chamber, many sena tors were as reticent on the subject as they had been on the floor, but there were a number or expressions of ap proval from democrats. Keference to the league was made on the floor of the senate during the day ijr oeuaior Williams or Mississippi, democrat, who said, while it had been criticized as visionary, It appeared the most practical thing to meet the situ ation. "My quarrel with the proponed plan is that it does not go far enough." he added. Declaring that some sacrifices must be made, he questioned the propriety of aiming general criticism at the presi dent in attacking the league. Oppo. sitlon to the president's plans had de veloped chiefly, he said, from the radi cal element, women whom he called "bonfire burners" and "a few senators and congressmen. 8enatr Cummins of Iowa, republic an, interrupted the Mississippi senator to say he, too, favored a league of na tions." PARIS. Feb. 13. George Nicoli Barnes, labor member of the I.ritisu delegation to the peace conference, spoke as follows at the plenary session yesterday afternoon, after the league of nations covenant hud been read by President Wilson: "Mr. President: As representing es pccidlly the working people of Great Hritain, I just want to make a very few observations. I know I know the mind of the British people on this question of a league of nations, and I can assure you that it is one of eager expectancy. "The people of Great Britain have shoul j red their burden during the war. but through all its struggles and sacrifices, thev have looked eagerly forward to the day when aggressive ar shall be no more. That day i dawning, and 1 believe has been hastened by the work of the last month. "To my mind. Mr. President, there are three outstanding principles in thi document which I believe will stand out conspicuously as landmarks in the history of mankind. First of all. the substitution of an altruistic principle for imperialism and violence in the adjustment of interna tional affairs. Nations which have" suffered and sacrificed in the acquisi tion or territory have agreed to the overseership of fie league of nations In the administration of that territory. They have further agreed to the prin ciples that the welfare and assent of the peoples shall be the determinim. consideration in Its administration. There is in this agreement, Mr. ITesri dent, to my mind, a great advance In tne application of the nrincinle of moral idealism, and I can only sav that I believe that will strike the imagina tion of the world. Would Have no Guns "Second, they have iigreed in nrincl ple on the reduction of armaments to a point of national safety, as nre. scribed by the league of nations. This, I believe to be the essential feature oi tho condition of permanent peace. It there be an excess of guns there will always be a chance of them being fired off. I am therefore, glad that in this document provision is made for the reduction of armaments, thereby I believe, lessening the risk of war and easing the economic burden npon the people. "The third is a principle to which I wish to call the attention of the sig natories to this document. They have agreed to a recognition of the evils of private profit in the manufacture of armaments, although for my part, I should like to have seen a more robust declaration in favor of the abolition of private arms making. Abolition, I be lieve, is a step which will ultimatelv be found necessary, and I further hope that the. executive council may be able to devise waya and means by which private profit may be eliminated and I am perfectly sure that nothing would be more welcome to the minds of the working folk. There are just one or two things. Mr. President, which to my mind, might have been more explicit and which, I believe, will have to be grafted on to a league of nations as the idea of world unity becomes more widely accepted. Let me mention one. I am afraid that when the time comes for the enforcement of decrees, if ever it does come, which God forbid, there may be delay and confusion on the part of the league. Does Away With Tariff "What I am afraid of is that an ag gressive nation might again try to break through and win its way to its object before the forces of mankind can be mobilized against It. There fore, I should have been glad to hare seen some provision for the nucleus of an International force which would be VII RECITAL OF FAMILY SLAUGHTER DETAILED li. COURT First Official Act Appointment of Hugh C. Wallace Ambassador to France Plans Return After Adjournment--To Speak in Boston On Arrival Expects to Reach Port February 24. BUTTE STREET CARS ARE III AGAIN BUTTE, Mont., Feb. 15 The sta tionary engineers' union of Butte will not join the strike called by the Butte Meta Miners union (independent) and the Metal Mine Workers Industrial union No. SOU, I. W. W., it was made known tonight, when ballots of a refer endum on the question were counted. Late tonight the final count of votes showed 507 against endorsing the strike and 257 for the proposition. HUbEARMYBILE ED IIP AGAIN BY CLEVER RUSE TACOMA, Wash.. Feb. 15. H. E. Burnett, on trial in the Thurston county court, charged with the murder of his wife and two children, accord ing to a statement of his attorney in court today, shot his wife and children while they stood with their backs to a tree. The shooting occurred on Hawkes prairie, near Olympia. Burnett, according to the statement in court, after the shooting, buried the bodies in the woods. The attorney said Burnett fired the shotgun at his family while in a rage and suffering from mental derangement. The attorney declared Burnett and his wife had quarreled and that Bur nett had fired the fatal shot after his wife had told him another man W'as the father of the youngest child. The at torney, tleorge F. Yantis, told how the Burnett family made the journey to Hawkes prairie on a summer's day: how Mrs. Burnett began quarreling with her husband and demanded that he turn all his money over to her. Then the attorney related how. after a heated controversy. Mrs. Burnett turned to her husband and declared: "You always suspected that our young est child was not yours, and now I'm going to tell you that aonther man is its father." "Then Burnett completely lost his mind," Yantis cried. "He flew into a wild rage and grabbed up a shotgun which ho had brought to the woods to try out. "When his wife taw that she had onven mm to aeapff-ation. she ran from bis side to a spot near a tree. wtiM the two little children were nt an ling. "Burnett, through ryes of fury and with brnin deranged, fired pointbl.mk at the family group.' Tantis told how Burnett related to him the incidents that followed. Bur nett told Yantis, the latter said, that he examined the bodies in a half -dazed way and saw spots ot blood on the mother and children. "Then he says he believes he fired another shot," said Tantis. "This last shot, he believes, did the work. Then wrapping up the bodies of the two children and the mother, he buried them." BUTTE. Mont., Feb. 15. Brigadier General Frank B. Watson, commander of the twenty-sixth infantry brigade of the thirteenth division, who com manded United States troops during the recent labor troubles at Tacoma. arrived in Butte tonight to take com mand of the military situation here. BUTTE. Feb. 15. Butte's street car service, which susptnded last Monday morning when threats are alleged to have been made against the carmen by striking miners, was in operation to night in virtually every' part of the city. Members of the carmen's union announced this morning that they would report for work at noon, and by 1 o'clock p. m.. the first car had reached the center of the city. Resumption of street car service ap peared to restore confidence in the Butte strike situation, where members of the Butte Metal Miners' union (in dependent) and of the Metal Mine Workers Industrial union No. 800. I. W. W, are on strike in protest against the recent wage cut of $1 a day. Crowds lined the downtown streets and watched the first cars go by. No vio lence was reported. Members of the stationary engineers' union voted today on a proposition to leave their work at the mines in sym pathy with the striking miners. The result was not epected to be announced until late tonight. The engineers are considered one of the most ronserva tive labor organizations in Butte. If they votef to remain at work, both labor leaders and bnsinessmen said today, the failure of the strike would be almost certain. o ON BOARD THE U. S. S. GEORGE WASHINGTON, Feb. 15. (By wireless to the Associated Press.) President Wilson has nominated Hugh C. Wal lace of Seattle, Wash., ambassador to France, to fill the vacancy caused by tho resignation of William Graves Sharpe. This was the first official act of the president on his homeward journey. The president also dispatched tele grams arranging for brief ceremonies in connection with the speech which he expects to make at Boston on 'Feb ruary 24. President Wilson spent the day rest ing from the strenuous exertions which marked his last days in Paris. Via Southern Route The steamer is heading for the southern route in fair weather. The escorting French warships signalled. farewell soon after leaving Btest, ard the U. S. S. New Mexico and several destroyers will be the escort of the George Washington until the Azores are reached. At the Azores the ship will be met by numerous American destroyers and convoyed home. 'Despite tho hard work which he will engage in during his brief stay in the United States, the president is already planning to begin his return jour ney to France immediately after the adjournment of congress. It is expected that he will select a successor to Thomas A. Gregory in the attorney generalship of the United States before the ship reaches home waters. On Point Of Order Goes Ovei Until This Week Half Million Men In Disfavor Army of 175,000 Is Fav ored By Many. JA BUILDING STRIKE IS NOW UP TO WAR BOARD L FDR NATIONS' LEAGUE (Continued on Page Two) NEW YORK, Feb. 15. Federal con ciliators had failed tonight to effect a settlement in the national strike called for Monday of union workers in all the basic building trades em ployed on contracts held by members of Ihe Building Trades Employers' association, but announced that union leaders had agreed to submit the case to the national war labor board. The strike, called in sympathy with that of the brotherhood of carpenters and joiners, who are demanding an in crease in pay of a dollar a day, was authorized today by the executive council of the building trades depart ment of the American Federation of Labor, and ratified later by the presi dents of the various unions. Federal Commissioner Henry J. Skcffington. who has been working on the case and who declared that the strike "will seriously interfere with Bostin's plans for construction," es timated that nearly 100.000 men throughout the country would be thrown out of work. Union leaders estimated that ninety per cent of the building contracts for the government would be affected. Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS. Feb. 15. Baron Makino. the head of the Japanese delegation at the plenary peace conference, yesterday said: "I beg to add another voice to echo the congratulatory speeches that have been made on the presentation of document, which is, perhaps, the most important document that has been compiled by man. "Great leaders with staunch purpose have personified this great movement, a movement involving intricate prob lems of diverse nations, and they de sere the gratitude of their fellow men for successfully piloting to this ad vanced stage a most effective instru ment for the maintenance of the peace of the world. Their words will be written indelibly on the pages of his tory and that will be the grateful acknowledgement of humanity for their labor. "As I understand it, there is to be no discussion of the project before us. I will limit myself to these few remarks, observing that at a later stage in the discussion of the. project, 1 will have the privilege of addressing certain propositions which I hope will receive earnest and favorable consideration from the distinguished men who repre sent the nations assembled here." Wallace' Is Big Surprise WASHINGTON. Feb. 15. The wire less dispatch tonight from the George Washington was the first public inti mation that Hugh C. Wallace had been selected by President Wilson as am bassador to France. It is understood that officials knew the appointment was probable, but Mr. Wallace's name was never mentioned during all of the speculation as to Ambassador Sharp's successor. In some quarters, it had been accent ed as certain that Vance McCormick, former chairman of the democratic na tional committee, would be named. Mr. Wallace, who spends much of his time here, is a close friend of Presi dent Wilson and often has participated confidential conferences at the White House. Soon after this country entered the war he was sent to London Dy the president on a personal mission and it is known that the president has tne utmost confidence in his judgment ana acuity in handling important and uencate matters. h-xcept as a member of the demo cratic national committee and. an a.c tive worker in a number of political campaigns, Mr. Wallace has not taken an active hand in politics. The only public office he ever held was receiver of public funds in Utah by appointment oi resident Cleveland in 1835-1886. He was a delegate at large from the state of Washington to the Baltimore convention which nominated President Wilson, and has since been one of the president s most ardent supporters. Mr. Wallace, a native of Lexington. t., celebrated his 56th birthday thi week. His wife, is a daughter of th late Chief Justice Melville W. Fuller o the supreme court, and for a number of cars they have maintained homes here nd in Tacoma, Wash. BOURGEOIS SUPPORTS LEAGUE CONSTITUTION IN MASTERLY SPEECH CASTRO CALLS ON ALL REBELS TO SURRENDER MEXICO ENTERTAINS BAND F.I, PASO. Feb. 16. The French military bund, which gave a concert in Liberty hall here tonight, were the guests of the Mexicon government this afternoon at a band concert and re ception, In the municipal plaza in Juarez, opposite here. PARIS, Feb. 15. In presenting the views of France regarding the cove nant of the league ot nations at yes terday's plenary session of the peace conference. Leon Bourgeois, French representative on the commission which framed the covenant, spose as follows: I rise to express the deep satisfac tion of ail, and of France more than any other country, because she i among- the countries which have most suffered, to see tbe unity of our wills and of our hearts in a passionate ad hesion to the principles of the league of nations. "That act of faith we shall do In a spirit of cordiality and good will that has been that of the committee. Under the eminent chairmanship of President Wilson, the committee has worked wltn all their hearts to attain this great object. "Lord Robert Cecil has said we now present to the conference and to the world the results of our work, but we do not present it as something that is final, but only as the result of an Hon est effort, to be discussed and to te" examined not only by the conference, but the public opinion of th world. "We are unanimous in our opinion that this scheme must he presented to the world, and it resulted from our de liberation. We must preserve the character of unanimity which its note has given it. We still retain our rirttm when further discussions take place to state more ' definitely our- views on some details. Signor Orland has said how difficult it seemed at the begin ning to conciliate two apparently con tradictory principles that of sover eignty of nations and that of the limi tations that nations must accept, m order to secure the reign of right and justice. That conciliation has taken place without effort, and we have demonstrated movement, as Signor Or lando said, by walking. Prevent War Renewal "We rise to present the renewal of a war like that wmcn we nave just seen; we rise at the appeal of ail those who have fallen to spare their off spring the renewal of such an ordeal. We are persuaded that no war in the future can be limited to a small are. The inter-dependence of the different parts and different interests of the world has become such that no con flict can be limited. It is that the whole world may keep itself from danger, that we today have ordained that right and justice must be the basis of settlement in all the conferences. In view of just people there are no smalt and no great states. . All are and all will be equal before the principle ot International justice and in the tribunal that will give the decisions, the judges will sit, not as the representatives of TACOMA, Wash., Feb. 15. Hugh Campbell Wallace, nominated embas sador to France today by President Wilson, for many years has been prominent in the politics of the demo cratie party and is democratic na tional committeeman from Washing ton. CIA UPSET OVER TREATY DISCLOSURE JUAREZ, Mexico. Feb. 13. Calling upon all northern rebel bands to accept unconditional surrender, and offering them personal guarantees if thev sur rendered themselves and their arms to the military. General Jesus Castro, sub secretary of war in' command ot the northeast military zone, has issued a manifesto outlining his plans for the reorganization and administration of the military affairs in northern Mexico. Copies of the proclamation were re ceived here today and posted on dead walls. General Castro also promises all per sons protection against extortion from army officers in outlying districts, or dering his men to pay for everything oDiamea on campaigns and in garri sons. He calls upon all citizens to re port all such extortions by the mili tary and promises to punish offenders severely. He calls upon all loyal citizens in the outlying districts to organize home guards to repel invasions by Villa's rebels and other bandits. The manifesto closes with an appeal for support in restoring law and order in the northeastern zone. o FATHER AND SON GUILTY (Continued on Pafe Two) KANSAS CITY, Mo., Feb. 13. John Francis Barrett and his son, Reginald, charged by the government with mis use of the mails in the sale of oil and mining stocks, pleaded guilty when ar raigned today before United States Commissioner Thompson. The elder Barrett, who Is declared by the gov ernment to be the head of a band of operators, is held in default of $10,000 bond and the son is held on $5,000 bond. Reginald Barrett and Robect R. Rid dell will be taken to Spokane, Wash. where they are under indictment on similar-charges. PEKING, Feb. 13. (By the Asso ciated Press). Excitement prevails throughout China because of accounts concerning Japan's efforts to induce the Chinese government to modify ac tion of its delegates to the peace conference. Despite statements of Yukiehi Obata, Japanese minister to China, that he acted on his own initiative and not on instructions from Tokio, China's alarm continues. It has not been allayed by the declaration of the foreign minister that Obata's visit to him was a friendly-one. President Hsui Shii Chang, backed by the premier, has taken a strong stand, independently of the cabinet, and has telegraphed an expression of confidence to the Chinese peace dele gates. The news that Baron Makino of the Japanese delegation has agreed to the publication of secret documents has been received with interest in Peking, but it is believed here that not all the agreements will be published, as there are declared to be several which the Chinese militarists do not dare disclose. It is further asserted that others will not be disclosed on the ground that they relate to commercial agreement only. Unless the fullest investigation is ordered, there is a possibility that some of the agreements will remain secret, because Chinese militarists are deeply involved. It is explained in competent circles in Peking, that there is as struggle now proceeding between the president, whose aims are democratic, and the cabinet, which has military inclina tions. o DE ORO TAKES CHAMPIONSHIP WASHINGTON, Feb. 15. Defeat through parliamentary tactics of pro posed legislation of the house military; committee, authorizing organization ot a temporary army of a half million men fcr the year beginning next July, was indicated tonight in the house. Rep 'esentative Humphreys of Mississippi, democrat, gave notice that he wouW make a point of order against the armv organization provision, on the groun'l that it is legislation and has no place in an appropriation bill. Expecting the defeat througn tnis. move. Representative Mcivenzie v Illinois, a republican member of tn.i military committee, offered a substi tute proposal, which he said had thi approval of several ' members of the military committee. ? The fight on army reorganization will come before the house next week. when work on the military bill is re sumed late Monday or Tuesday, after completion of the unanimous consent calendar. . Mr. McKeniie's proposal would auth orize organization of a regular army of 175,000 men through voluntary en listment of three years, as provided iit the national defense act of ISIS, a,nd would give the president discretionary authority to include in it new units. the necessity of which was demon strated by the war. During consideration of the bill to night, the house adopted without ob jection an amendment proposed by thu military committee, appropriating $4, 467,(100 to pay to national guard mem bers for attending drills. Other pro visions relating tc the gnard, including that contemplating organization of a force of 105.000 guardsmen under tho national defense act of 1916, and ap propriations aggregating $10,163,000 in addition to the amount added for drill pay, were approved without dissent. Criticise Court Martial Criticism of tbe army court martial system conditions, at Brest and other trench embarkation c&nips. and de mobilization marked the debate today in th honse on the eleven hundred million dollar - military appropriation bill. Passage of the measure went over until next week, despite the hold ing of a second night session, in an ef- rort to speed consideration. Efforts by Representative Frear of Wisconsin, republican, to have many of tbe appropriation items reduced, be cause "they were complete guesses." were voted down, with the exception of that to cut in half the $4,000,000 ap propriation for maintenance of bar racks and quarters of the coast ar tillery. Various provisions permittinff building construction by various war department bureaus also were elimin ated. An amendment was adopted re quiring the use of army automobiles for business purposes. Representative Johnson of South Da kota, republican, who served as an of ficer with the American forces abroad, condemned the court martial system and sought to have the house adopt a rider to the appropriation measure, the bill of Senator Chamberlain of Ore gon, providing for revision of court martial procedure. Representative Gordon of Ohio, a democratic member of the military committee, defeated Mr. Johnson's proposal on a point of order. Soldiers Getting Arutiout "The administration will never get through hearing about their refusal to allow congress to consider this amend. ment, designed to protect men in tho army," declared Mr. Jehnson, when th point of order was made against his proposal. "It is up to congress to give rotectiop. in the future to men in the army, who will be subject to abuses of an atrocious character, upless this court martial law is revised." Representative Moore of Pennsyl vania, republican, asserted that spl diers were being held from two to si weeks in embarkation camps and kept in "anxious suspense to get home." with conditions at Brest such that "it made the trenches seem like paradise." replying io me criticisms of Keprc. sentatives Moore and Johnson, Repre sentative Ferris of Oklahoma, demo crat, said he opposed "congress resolv ing i iron iiuu an oia woman s society to hear complaints." Criticism on the floor of the house, he id. was of nn avail, and members repeating tho com- piainis, were doing injury to the men they sought to aid. Representative Green of Towa . publican, said no attention to com plaints of soldiers had been given by the administration, but that the criti c-sin voiced in congress had accom plished much toward relief of the men. representative Frear. in attacking the demobilization program, said the week before Christmas the war depart-, ment reported the discharge of 194,009 men, while last week the schedule an nounced 30,000. CHICAGO, Feb. 15. Alfred de Oro, the Cuban cue artist from New York, tonight wrested the three-cushion bil liard championship from Aguie Kieck heifer of Chicago, by winning the third block of their 150-point match. The total score was 150 to 14S in de Oro's favor. SAYS "BETTER CLASS" MEN IN BIG DEMAND NEW YORK, Feb. 15. Despite tho constantly increasing number of dis charged soldiers seeking employment, positions of the "better class," paying from $5,000 to $10,000 a year, are -'go-Ing begging," according to J. C. Wins low, director of the professional and special section of the United States employment service. Men with execu tive ability, he said, today are the ones in demand. This condition, Mr. Winslow said, is especially acute in the export fields which although flooded with appli cations from young men who desire to learn the business, are totally unable to fill positions for eecutive ability and expert training. Accountants, expert engineers and banking executives are in similar great demand, he added, while the cof fee and sugar importers and the ad vertising field offer equally attractive opportunities for the "right men.'