Newspaper Page Text
THE ARIZONA KEPUBLICAX. T1ICKSDAY MOKXIXG, FEBRUARY 20. 1919.
PAGE NINE arm: T"3 rv Plltea ASCDMPET1T0R! 1 HE I V ''iV'iW'il .-taple an J strength of fiber, combined 5 .V. .- YJh:iHrc:Xf I irVV, ?VVSSMf 'L-i !tS?&,q! t Ameri. an-Ksyptian cotton of the Pima An octiltnt field of lonq staple cotton of the variety which has made the Salt River Valley famous. This field is just breaking into bolls, which contrasting w th the green leaves and brown stalks of the plants presents a strikingly jjut ful scene. TEMPE DISTRICT A LEADER IN DEVELOPMENT OF PIMA COTTON About twelve years ago the f' dcral exchange nu lurmcd fur the government began the work ol !- or !!' line and spreading informa- eloping a cotton In the I'tiitcd State." , ti'.n relative to American Ksypt mn w hhh should eiUl the 'first grades of ' 1 1'inia ) cotton ami in other as to Sakillarldis Kgvntian cotton. This : uss.st in the growing, handiini; and in i' Nork uaa carefully and scientifically billowed and ft mi My the Salt ltiver Valley was decided a the best place to devrttp thin type uf cotton. To m!se cotton similar to the bei'r grades of Kgyptiun it was necessary to leive an irrigated territory and a prac tically rainless period throughout the development of the plan. This section h.d these essentials anil a group .if men 1 1 1 1 n ar to make the necessary xac rifirr to develop the industry. A large per cent of the men who at nod loyal to lotioo a an industry for Salt Tliver aliey tod who worked hand in hand with the government officials through nut tho period of experimentation were Tempe men; In Temps the permanent lotron organisations have found their home; Temp nuses the best grade and Maple or r'lma cotton. Tha Temp Cotton Exchange Some of the lowil supporters of the eottnn industrv Joined together in l'.'l 1 end in they ereetei) a cotton ,-in. 1 is through this organization that tie; purity of the seed and hence the stand ard of quality has been maintained. Henefittng bv tho experience of old l.t'pt and other sections where lonif -'nple rotton has been rslsrd these nieu rietermlnei fo work wtth the govern ment and m.unt.un the puritv of the planting seed. Itoiicmv; was praeficed on the Yuma variety the first va riety of long staple developed in the va'h y. Following this variety the i not have to h to its extraordinary length of staple and strength of fiber, combined with Us many other excellent qualities . Ameriean-Ksyptian cotton of the Pima strain has few competitors. In fact the only cottun.s which can really be termed competitors to this variety are the imported Ksyptian and the Sea Is-j land. And now it seems likely, owing to K'-ncra! inauspicious conditions, that one 01" 'hese eonipctitors will eliminate itself and withdraw from the field. The New Kedtord Sunday Standard of January -li featured the following article on Sea Island cotton: The passing of e- Islands as a fac tor in the i tra staple cotton market is indicated i.v advices received from in uiy pans of ilcorgiu. South Carolina i nd Florida, where practically all the Sea Island cotton is raised. The acre age planted during the past season xmis approximately 176, OOO acres as a-Minst I K. "i it acres the previous sea son, and the number of acres that will oe planed t!i:s year to Sea Island cot ton i c p ctrd to fie less than half la.st veai'V tiures and some expect it to be less t hail '.mi. nan acres. The ravages of the boll weevil, tht. leek ef demand lor Sea Island during tiic j.a-t tiMt ; ears. ;nd the increased i ust of raising it are given as the rea- . sons why the Sea Island growers have he.'ome disgusted and are planning to turn their attention to other L'planda or some other crop. According to those who are closely in touch with the situation in the Sea Island growing sections, the war hit the tanners very hard, just at the time when they were attacked by another danger, that of the holl weevil. The in sect, pest is said to thrive well in the warm, moist climate of the Sea ls'and sections w her there are no col, i winters to destroy the larvae and the cotton does not mature early enough to escape the ruin which fol lows the young weevil. Since the in- I troduetion of the scourge, the effects . from it have been greater each season and last season the yield was cut ; practically in half. Market Wiped Out Willi such a small crop in sight, the : government stepped in. when it ap j pearcd as if Sea Island would be purpose i needed for the manufacture of aero plane and balloon cloth, and com mandeered practically all Of the bet ter grades. The price went as high as T.'i c ents, even breaking the high rec ord of tiie previous year, but the addeu proli! was old to be not sufficient to make up for the loss on the reduced yield and the increased growing costs. To make matters worse, the etion of the government in taking over much of the machinery formly engaged in fine varn and thread work, practically croal ir;fo:mr.tion as would be of in-'wiped out the market for Sea Island terest to these men. It is the purpose i cotton, and the .growers were unable, of this cv ha.'ige to become the author- i after the government stopped buvintr. to find an outlet for their crop. The outlook for the coming 1 in the ed two 'matio-tng of the crops ra s I valley. It has formed and fo:i ut itnitc lines of policy to dale; i 1. A regular market letter is sent to i cistern buyers and users of lonir stapie cotton setiing forth statistical inlor mation concerning the crop of Ameri 1 can-Kgyptia i (1'inia) ami such g n- coiinec ;cd w Ti h tiiis in dustry. This market letter has al ready spread to Include statistical in forma'ieii iron all the sections where l'ima cot tor. is ra.sid. .. A series of local letters to the growers of cotton setting forth market conditions and such other informa tion as might be ueful to the grower I'nia variety was developed which row the only variety of the valley and the variety that is known as I'iira or American-Fgvptian rotton on the market. A large part of the arrengr planted to the Fima artety in !!! 7 was roused. All of this rouged cotton was then ginne I ii, the gin of the Tempe Cotton Kx' h.mge which mnkes a mixture of the seed impossible. This seed is racked nnd tagged as it comes from tho gin to prevent mixture in Morage. This rouged seed Is then placed (n the hands of careful farm ers having good land sufficiently re mote from other cotton to prevent Tossing. The fields planted under these conditions urn Inspected during the summer and the product of those which are satisfactory in every way H ginned separately, in order to' furnish planting seed the second -ar after the rouging is done. Thus the plant ing, seed of lriu Is derived irotn the Ileitis rouged it, ikk. This sele. ted planting seed is sold at a price verv ittie in a.lame of current nil -mill puces thus leinoving the temptation to 'l int unselected seed, i 'lose adherence to this course has brought about the eon. hi ion spoken of by government of lici.iis that Tern:!- and vicinity has the largest sn,,pv ,,f pure cotton m the world. Iri addition to the gin operated by Tempe Cotton Fxchunge there are two other gins In Tempe, one owned hv the Southwest Cotton company and the other bv the Temp" ('.inning com pany, the former having ten gins and the tpr sixteen. Anions Cotton Growers AtMciation In the spring of 15M a central or ganization of all the cotton growers of Salt kiver Ynllrv was formed wilh Its main office in Tempe. It was styled the salt ltiver Valley KgrptJan Cot ton c.niwers association whii h name was later changed to the Arizona Cot ton Growers association. The head of fice of this concern is located on Mill avenue in Tempe. This nre-anuation looks after the general welfare of mat ters connected with the cotton Indus try. The labor situation, so critical and vital during the past two vears has been its particular objective It has handled this problem with ef. nrienry ari(i attainment of result that have been or immense adantage to the industry of the vallev. It would r Impossible to estimate In dollars the amount of good this organization has done to the advantage of the cot ton industry of the whole valley (t Is the best example of community' ac tion that has been developed and ar. !.. ding to the government officials an extreme example of the good that com munity action ran attain. Bureau of Markets A branch of the t inted states gov ernment bureau of markets is located m Mill avenue. Tempe. It is the oh .lect of thla branch to serve the rotton industry in the matter of developing, marketing, clanging and In every other way possible. A system of grading and classing l.na been established by tne goverrment which is the basis of the work of this branch. This work ha been of extreme value to the in dustry during its Infant period. The American-Egyptian Cotton Exchanqe Another organization was formed In the lata part of IMS to further assist the rotton Industry of the valley Again It was the work of the loyal meii of Tempe and again the home of the Amerlejin-Fgvptian Cotion Kxchange ' Iff. t?M sm tM EZZX, Tempo. This of cotton. Other fields of activity are develop ing. Samples hao been sent to cistern ' textile schools where tests are beiiii: made to bring o it nil ti-.e scimtific : data ft" necessary today In the market ing of cotton. Approach has been mail to some of the mills using large iuan titlea of this long staple to make similar tests from a practical point of view In order thnt all the data pre pared may be absolutely reliable from all v lew points. There has been no trouble in the valley from injurious pests and every car" Is taken that this tronlJe h,.ii ' met. Kverv onzMniz.i- tion In Tempe puts forth every pos siolo precaution tiiat the standard of this cotton may not only be main tained but improved with each suc cessive crop. The maintenance of this standard is bound to make Timpe a dei Pled factor In the long staple cot ton market In the very near future. Sea Island cotton is suffering greatly from deterioration and there is every chance that Sea Island as a factor lii the long staple market will become a negligible fiotor even with the very next season. I'ima c.ton is greatlv In the ascendency nnd there is t ery prospect that it will take a very prominent place as a long staple prod uct. L'p to the prist nt crop the market ing of this product was an individual pioblem but with a development of a crop the siZe f the present year the marketing problem has become a de- ided factor and is being worked out on a scientific basis. Another year should see this problem well in hand. Not only has Tempe lent every aid to the development bv the government but has placed financial assistance at the disposal of all growers as needed. There has never beep a timu when the Trowcr worthy of financial assistance oiil.l pot obtain same from either a linaneial institution jn Tempe or from one of the loyal men who have stood so firmly back of the development of this industry. This has made possible the quick and high grade development that we have witnessed of this in dustry. The growers' association worked out a plan w nertby the cotton when ginned was j laee.l In storage ami a receipt l.'istied .gainst it. these receipts being used as collateral for loans at. the brinks. This has done awav with the possibilif of a factor svstem which ha t caused so much harm in the rot-' ton sections of the southeast. It has served to relieve the financial pres sure ;.t the time of the greatest need of finds and protected the grower from the rieietsity of selling in the seed or immediately after ginning for what ever price could be obtained. A rather hasty suney made of the plantings for the coming season show an Increase in acreage over that of the present. There is every reason for optimism with relation to the cotion industry in Tempe. ONE GERMAN VIEW ON TRUTHFULNESS ! yea t presents so unfavorable an aspect, that even many of the Sea Island fac tors, among them some of the oldest and most conservative houses in the south, have advised their clients to abandon the growing of Sea Island l cotton and have openly predicted the j passing of Sea Islands as a factor in the extra staple market. It makes no difference what Hour wants tray be, you can have them sup plied by using and reading The lie. publiran Classified pages Arizona's I.eading Advertising Medium. That Gets Along YEAR in and year out diversifies his crops. He has a few pigs, a patch of wheat, some alfalfa, a few cows, a nice bunch of thoroughbred chick ens. Always a good garden the year around a good orchard with all kinds of fruit. NO country offers any better opportunities for diversified farming than Arizona. So many farm ers wonder why they don't get along better just stop and look around you and find a neigh bor that's getting ahead, invariably you will find that he is selling something from his ranch all the time. JJp our experience since 1900 in the Seed Business in Arizona is worth anything to you about crops to plant call on us we are at your service. Phoenix Seed and Feed Co. Wholesale 125 East Jefferson St. Retail "P. S. Every farmer should read this over." Outlook) A curious side light on German standards of probity is found in a re port of the caje of Lieutenant Spind ler, who commanded the German ship Libau, which landed Casement in Ire land and ift captured. Spindler gave up four pounds when taken prisoner, aying It was all he had. "When his captor asked, 'm your honor?' Spind ler replied, '.o, no more'." A eearch revealed twenty-one five pound notes concealed, in his clothing. The attor ney general asked him: ''Do you think In the circumstances you were entitled to give an untruthful answer?" Lieutenant Spindler replied: "There may be different points of view the 1 point of view of an l'.nglish officer's and the point of view of a German of ficer." Volumes could apeak no more. 1 . Joseph's Hospital Conducted by the Sisters of Mercy The Largest and Best Equipped Institution of Its Kind Southwest Recognized by physicians as Arizona's finest hospital, from its thoroughly modern equipment, its sanitary wards and rooms, and the general conduct of the institution. Its operating rooms, both in construction and equipment, are provided with every thing modern surgery requires or that science demands. S S 111 The Welfare of the Patient Is Our First Consideration ID Located Amid Beautiful, Surroundings I I o ajjiine J; I, -.