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nn 5 ARIZONA REPUBLICAN AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL TWEXTY-NINTII YEAR 14 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 4, 1919 14 PAGES VOL. XXIX., NO. 31 a L JUL J WARNED AGAINST ANOTHER KHARTUM SELF DETEHIWINATIO IS UP AGAINST-ALLIED STONE WALL An Impasse Appears to Have Been Reached Which Is Described by American Expert as a " Difficult Situation" Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, April 3. President Wilson and Premiers Lloyd George, Clemen ceau, and Orlando continued their dis cussion at President Wilson's residence today. Other peace conference organi sations, also met. All the conferences tended to unravel the tangled issues still standing in the way of peace. The meetings proceeded amid an other wave of apprehension spreading through the conference over lack of any tangible results after the council of four had labored continuously for 10 days. This was accompanied by well found ed reports from those close in touch with the council of four showing that the situation, while not desperate, was at least serious because of radical dif ferences on some fundametals in the setlement of Germany's western, the 1'ranco-German and the Kastern Po lish frontiers. Difficult Situation One of the American experts who is constantly being consulted on various questions before the council, gives the following glimpse of what is going on behind scenes: "The situation is extremely difficult particularly as regards the western front of Germany. I'resident Wilson, in a conciliatory spirit has been willing to do most anything to assure French security, short of the stultification of rntragements made at the time of the armistice. "The French have been assured of every military protection along the Rhine and for 50 kilometers east of that river, even to the extent of con sidering that any military activity in that section shall be looked upon as a hostile act. But this is not con sidered enough and additional claims lead to the conviction that they are open to construction as meaning some thing more than military security and verging on territorial control. No More Lost Provinces "The president is not willing to go that far in creating more Alsace-Lorraine situations and it is this stand against these claims which is causing t he delay until some middle ground is found. Concerning reparations, it was added tint there was gtird prospects for an early agreement. This will not specify the total amount, but will leave it to a commission to work out details of reparation to be paid. The security of France and Belgium in the division of i-man indemnity also is said to be Hearing agreement. As a means of finding the "middle ground'" on the Rhine controversy, the superior council of four created a con sulting body consisting of Andre Tar dieu, Frances Charles IL llaskins, American and Viscount Morely, British. They labored until 2 o'clock this morn ing and then called on Colonel Edward M. House, before seeing the council. To intimates, they were not opti mistic on the progress that is being made. A Principle at Stake Another of I'resident Wilsons' en tourage said the real issue was whether President Wilson's principle of self determination was to be upheld. The president, he said did not regard this SITFSON'S FRIGHT RIDICULOUS ENDING Republican A. P. Leased Wire PORTLAND, Ore., April 3. Ray Simpson, frightened because he thought burglars were attempting to enter -his room on a local lodging house, last night climbed upon the window ledge with his suit case and with several suits of clothing and pairs of shoes in his hands and fell through a skylight Into the apartment of George Sanford and wife, in an adjoining building. Sonford mistook the intruder for a burglar and held Simpson at the point of a gun until the police arrived. Simp son went to police headquarters wear ing several hats telescoped on top of each other and earn ing three pairs of shoes. He was released after an in vestigation. DICTATOR AT MUNICH RERUN, April 3 (By the Associ ated Press) The Tages Zeitung re ports that te Hungarian dictator, Kela Kun arrived in Munich Bavaria, Wednesday, accompanied by a, large suite. This report has not been con firmed. NEWS EPITOPE FOREIGN Great Britain thrilled by announce ment by Sir Edward Shackleton of the peril of allied troops in northern and eastern Russia. President Wilson finds the allies opposed to the most important of the "fourteen points" so far as it affects them adversely. Critical situation in Germany which may end in the embrace of bol shevism. DOMESTIC Estimate by Chairman Qood that ap propriations by the next congress will reach four billions of dollars. Statement in behalf of railroad ad ministration relative to its refusal to recognize steel and coal prices. Capture by Indians of murderers of Charles Hubbell. Exchange of views by Secretary of War Baker and Senator Cham berlain. LOCAL Woman rescues another in suicide attempt in the town, canal. W. G. McAdoo is among 200 plain tiffs in dry land suit against Water Users. Hay Congress to convene here Mon day for a big day's session. Attorney General Wiley Jones gives opinion that emergency measures f. are not law at this time under the constitution. Grover Alexander will pitch for the Phoen.x War Vets against the Chicago Cubs. i PRINCIPLE as a principle which should be applied when favorable to the entente and not applied in all cases alike. Just now, it was asserted, the issues over Dan zig, the Saare valley and the region west of the Rhine brought up this prin ciple of self determination and it was not clear that the transfer of territorial control of these localities would be in accordance with the wishes and de termination of their peoples. King Albert, of Belgium figured prominently during today's conference. The Belgian monarch called on Colonel House at 11 o'clock in the morning and later saw President Wilson before the arrival of David Lloyd George, Premier Clemenceau and Signor Orlando. The call of King Albert on Colonel House was a decided novelty for which vet erans of royal procedure said there was no precedent. The king wore the uni form of commander-in-chief of the Belgian army and was accompanied by a staff officer. He was met at the entrance of the residence of Colonel House by the colonel himself who es corted him to his private office, where a series of conferences constantly is going on. Sites for the League It is understood that King Albert drew attention during his talk with Colonel House to Belgium's vital in terests in the frontier and other ques tions which are reaching a culminating stage and also spoke of his interests in having Brussels chosen as the seat of the League of Nations. A Swiss delegation which called on Colonel House after King Albert had departed is understood to have made offers on behalf of Geneva as the seat of the league which offset the Brussels offer of the royal palace. The Swiss offer included a tender of an extensive do main a short distance from Geneva, bordering the lake. The conference between King Albert and President Wilson is described as being most cordial. Belgian questions are said to have been discussed in a most satisfactory spirit on both sides. It was arranged that King Albert should meet the council of four tomorrow for a presentation of Belgian reparation and territorial claims. Revising the Covenant PARIS. April 3. (By The Associated Press) The league of nations drafting committee has completed 15 articles of the league of nations covenant, which now contains 27 articles. It is not known what the additional article is. The committee probably will finish its draft tomorrow, which will be in French and Knglish in parallel columns. A full meeting of the league commis sion will be held probably Saturday to consider the revised covenant, which doubtless will undergo further changes before it is submitted to the represent tatives of the five big nations. The revision thus far does not con tain mention either of the Monroe Doc trine or the proposed Japanese amend ments. These questions will not be disposed of until the next meetiig of the league commission. The Jugo-Slav Italy Dsipute PARIS, April 3. It was stated after adjournment of the council today that reparations and the Polish frontiers were considered in the morning and that some progress was made. M. Trumbitch, Jugo-Slav minister of for eign affairs, was hearw on the Jugo slav claims in the Adriatic in the after noon, bringing up the issue with Italy before the council of four for the first time. Premier Orlando, of Italy, was not present at this session, as he did not desire to sit as a judge in a case in which Italy was so vitally interested. PURLIEUS HINKY DINK AND BATHHOUSE JOHN Orepublican A. P. Leased Wire CHICAGO, April 3. An indictment charges five judges and clerks of elec tion in a "first ward precinct with de facing ballots in the February primary and also naming a democratic precinct captain was returned today. The first ward is the bailiwick of Michael ("Hinkey Dink") Kenna, and John J. "Bathhouse") Coughlin, veteran demo cratic aldermen. The indictment resulted from com plaints 'of representatives of Thomas Carey, defeated for the democratic mayoralty nomination by Robert M. Sweitzer, who lost to Mayor William Hale Thompson, republican, at the city election Tuesday. The grand jury was continued for possible fraud investiga tion. GOVERNMENT HOMES WASHINGTON, April 3. Plans for dwellings prepared by the United States housing corporation for building homes in congested'industrial centers during the war, are to be made available for general public use. Tho department of labor announced today that types of homes would be given to "own your own home committees." promoting building activities in 40 cities. In the depart ment's effort to expand the home own ership campaign, letters were sent to municipal officials, labor officials and club organizations in 400 cities, urging the beginning of local campaigns. Republican A. P. Leased Wire LONDON, April 3. The house of semmons' debated the Irish question this evening unliberal members en deavoring to elicit some indication of the government's policy. The most no table point in the debate was reached when Sir Edward Carson urged a post ponement of the question until the end of the war and declared that at pres ent he regarded the question of recon struction in Ireland, with education, health, housing and similar matters as far more important than "the raising of old controversies over home rule." Joseph Devlin, a nationalist leader said he thought Sir Edward's speech was "the most powerful indictment of British rule In Ireland." Captain Wil liam Archer Redmond, of Waterford said : "Ireland is almost on the verge of a revolution and the government is re ITISH GOVERNMENT ASKED PAT IS TO BE DONE WITH IRELAND H IMS QHIVEEDS SAYS MR. GOOD Estimate Made by Chairman Of House Supply Commit tee of Appropriationsvto Be Made by Congress Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, April 3. The pass ing "of the billion dollar" congresses of pre-war days, and the coming for the peace period of "four billion dollar" congresses, was predicted tonight in a statement by Representative Good, of Iowa, who will be chairman of the ap propriations committee in the next house. Reviewing the financial problems to be faced by the next congress, Mr. Good estimated that the appropriations necessary for the various government expenditures "in the fiscal year ending June 30, 1921, would total more than $3,800,000,000. Strictest economy, he added, would be necessary to hold ex penditures down even to this total. "The next congress," said Mr. Good in his statement, "will be brought face-to-face with many new and intricate problems, and many of them will call for large expenditures of money. It is impossible to estimate what expenses will be involved in the future in the ad ministration of the railroads, operation of our merchant marine, the war risk insurance payments, and to provide homesteads for our soldiers. "While difficult to make a reliable forecast, as to what the expenses of the government will be for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1921, it is reasonably safe to assume that the executive de partments will most earnestly urge ap propriations at least as large as those appropriated for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, for such appropriations were made to administer these depart ments on a peace basis. If we assume, however, that both the military and r.aval programs will be greatly reduced and that our standing army will be lim ited to 250,000 men, it will require rather strict economy to bring the reg ular annual supply bills under $2,150, 000,000. To this must be added the per manent and indefinite appropriations of approximately $1,650,000,000 or a grand total of more than $3,800,000,000 necessary for the various governmental activities. It will require the exercise of strict economy to hold the expendi tures down to approximately these figures." Mr. Good estimated that the appro priations made by congress for the pe riod and for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1920, totalled more than $47, 110,000,000. The revenue to meet these appropriations, he estimated at $18, 657,000,000 to be derived through cus toms receipts and income and other taxes and $25,888,000,000 to be raised from the sale of bonds, notes and war savings stamps. - "The appropriations," Mr. Good ad ded, "to supply deficiencies in the various departments are chargeable against the fiscal year ending June 30, 1919, and when deducted from the total of the appropriations referred to above it will be found that the total revenue will fall short of meeting the appropri ations for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1920,. by approximately $3,500,000, 000. A part of this deficit will no doubt be made up from war salvage receipts and the balance must be met by the sale of bonds. SAN DIEGO PLANES FOR TUCSON FAIR Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN DIEGO, Cat, April 3 Three Curtiss military airplanes, piloted by Lieutenants Hubert McLean, Thomas Brinker and E. W. Wiley, will leave Rockwell field at 9 a. m. tomorrow for Tucson, Ariz, where the fliers will give an exhibition for the state fair. The airmen also will drop pamphlets for the Victory Liberty loan. They plan to re turn here Tuesday afternoon. Accompanying the squadron at its ,.,m ho an jilrnlane niloted bv Lieutenant H. W. Webb, who will take Major Boone, commanding tne cavairy camp at Imperial Beach, near this city to Calexico, Imperial valley, to inspect border outposts. o TELEPHONE CASE TAKEN UP WASHINGTON, April 3. Petitions were filed in the supreme court today asking a review of Massachusetts su preme court decisions dismissing pro-AAfnn-c, K.i-iV,(rvt hv fh state nublic Lccmuo nut," tj service commission to compel the New England Telephone ana xeiegrapn cum- n.nu t rt Donpul trill rates ordered bv Postmaster General Burleson and placed in effect January sl last. The lower court held that the United Ctntna maa InvnllfiH H 9 TIArtV 1T1 the suit and under the law it cannot be sued. sponsible. Let tthe government say frankly whether it intends to repeal the homo rule act." Sir James Ian MacPherson, making his maiden address as chief secretary for Ireland, replied to the criticisms made by members of the bouse. After indicating that measures were pro jected to improve educational facilities, and housing, be said: "The political unrest in Ireland is un abated and outraged of the most cruel and unforgivable kind are occurring. That is why It is necessary to have military forces there to maintain or der. Ireland is one of the most pros perous countries in the world, but she must be freed from the shackles of ter rorism. The menace of Sinn Feinism, with its cruel and wanton oppression, is an enemy- of constitutionalism and progress. There can be no self-deter mination and constitutional lines under Sinn Fein rule." Sir Edward Shackleton From Russia Declares That The Allied Forces On Both Fronts Are In The Greatest Peril Of The Bolsheviki And Urges The Hurrying Of Reinforcements. LONDON", April 3. (By the Associated Press) The curtain was raised for the British public on the position of the allied armies in Northern Russia for the first time this afternoon. The serious situation in the Murmansk region and the attempt by the bolsheviki to drive the allied troops on the Archangel front into the sea are the cause of much anxiety. The London afternoon papers circulated posters through the streets with startling phrases, of which "The British Army Imperiled!" was typical. The public bought the papers eagerly, having no idea which armv was ref erred to. Some of the papers declared that another Kut surrender or Khartum tragedy threatened. Sir Ernest Shackleton, the explorer, who has just re turned from Russia where he superintended the winter outfitting and feeding of the expeditionary force, con firmed the danger to the allied position and armies." He is credited with stirring British officials into a keener realiz ation of the seriousness of the position in Russia. The Curtain Drawn Aside LONDON, April 3. (By the Associated Press) Sir Ernest Shackleton, director of equipment and transport of the Northern Russian expeditionary forces, has just re turned from Murmansk and Archangel. He declares in an interview that both fronts are in danger, and that the bolshevist peril is a very real one because the entente forces are outnumbered by disciplind and well-armed and well-equipped troops in close touch with the allies' ex tended, but bv no means strong, Iront. 'AVe must avoid the possibility of another Khartum,' t -i , tt . 1 1 C n; : C savs Sir Jmesi. lie urges ments immediately. These, mansk from England in less Work In the South T nvnnv Anril a. Bv The Associat- eded Press) Dispatches from Omsk report that during the last few days Kni,,-iVi have been retiring on the Orenburg front so rapidly that the Serbian armies in pursuit are unauie w keep in touch. Bolsheviki desertions nnntinno A Q HTt evamnle. 50 mileS SOUtll Of Ufa, a whole regiment of bolsheviki cavalry joined Koicnars lorcea a.nu turned their weapons on their former comrades. The bolsheviki had accumulated at Orenburg over three million hundred weight of grain which they had seized in the Cossack villages. They are try ing under the greatest difficulties to transport this grain to Samara and are evacuating Orenburg. Clearing the Caucasus LONDON, April 3. (British wireless service) The northern Caucasus from the Black sea to the Caspian sea has been entirely cleared of the bolsheviki, as the result of the successful cam paign of the army of General Denekine in that region in January and February, according to anofficial report issued here. The anti-bolsheviki leaders, fighting having ceased, are forming new forces of Cossacks, and other natives. The report says that in the capture of Vladikavkaz on January 28 by the troops under General Shkeuro, com pleted the campaign against the bol sheviki in which 50,000 prisoners, mure than 2,000 guns, 350 machine guns, 100 locomotives and thousands of railroad cars were taken. A report from Odessa February 13 said that the arm' of General Dene kine in reaching the Caspian sea, had scattered a bolsheviki army of 100,000 men, of whom more than 31,000 were made prisoners. . Seeks Bolshevist Alliance BERLIN, Via Copenhagen, April 3. The Bavarian government has begun negotiations for the conclusion of an alliance with Russia, according to ad vices from Munich. The Bavarian Volks Zeitung, explains that the government's action is due to the fact that the food supplies from the entente is insufficient and inadequate ly assured, whereas grain is obtainable from Russia. GOVT. BARGAIN SALE OF OLD AIRPLANES WASHINGTON, April 3. The war department announced today that a contract had been signed with the Curtiss Airplane and Motor corpora tion .of Buffalo for the sale of 4,688 Curtiss Ox-5 motors; 1,616 JN-4 planes, without motors, and 1,100 standard planes without motors. The contract calls for the payment of $2,720,000 for "this property which, the war department announced, from the standpoint of use by the army, is ob solete and worn out. The Ox-5 motor is of the eight cyl inder type oised extensively in train ing. Most of these motors have been used to such an extent that they would Have to be entirely rebuilt. The JN-4 were the machines used in ele mentary training and are in such con dition that much overhauling and re building would be required before they could be used. The standard planes has been condemned by the air service and have only a scra"p value. In accordance with the policy of the war department, manufacturers of this material were required to submit bids and the best offer received was that of the Curtiss company. IN MEXICAN OIL NEW YORK, April 3. The Atlantic, Gulf and West Indies Steamship line, holding organization of the Mallory, Clyde, New York and Porto Rico, Ward and other ..steamship companies has acquired controlling interest in a large Tampico oil field which is to be util ized for providing fuel for ships of these lines and bulk cargo for transport. This was announced here today by an offiical of the company. The property will be operated, it was said, by a company capitalized at $20, 000.000 to ' be known as the Atlantic, Gulf Oil corporation., financed by the Atlantic, Gulf and West Indies line. me neeu 01 seiiumj; reiiuurye- he asserts, can reach Mur ban a week. LIBERTY LOAN TRAIN WILL TOUR ARIZONA Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN FRANCISCO, April 3. The Liberty loan special train will leave here Saturday April 12. on its 6,000 mile journey through California, Arizona and Nevada, Liberty loan headquar-' ters hare announced today. Ten car loads of exhibits, among them a Ger man airplane, have arrived here and the rest of the trophies will be placed in the three cars on the special train. The Marine qimrtet and the navy band from Mare Island will accom pany the train VILLA THEIR BEST BET SAYS CARRAflZA OFFICIAL SPEAKING OF DIAZ CROWD Republican A. P. Leased Wire 1 JUAREZ, Mex, April 3. Francisco Villa has much more force and courage than has Felix Diax or Aureliano Blan quet, General Jesus Augustin Castro, sub-secretary of war in the Carranza cabinet declared here tonight soon after his arrival from Chihuahua City to inspect 1,000 cavalry horses his agents recently bought from the United States army for use in pursuing Villa. "If the desperate ex-federals wish to join a man with force and courage they should join the leader of the Co lumbus, N. M., raid. Francisco Villa, for he has more of these qualities than either Diaz or Blanquet," General Castro said upon being shown the As sociated Press dispatch from New York saying General Blanquet had joined Diaz in the state of Vera Cruz. He was commander of the state of Vera Cruz before assuming command of the northeastern zone. - Shown the paragraph in the dispatch In which General Blanquet is quoted as saying he would meet his friends "in Mexico or in eternity" Genaral Castro, with a laugh, pointed to the sky and said: "He'll keep that engage ment in eternity." Asked if General Blanquet would lend any strength to the Diaz move ment against the Carranza government. General Castro said: "I believe, and I have been in a po sition to observe, that these men who could do nothing when they had all the elements of war at their command, can certainly do nothing with few elements and a small following. The people of Mexico have not forgotten the wrongs done them when they were in control and I am sure these leaders are not, and never will be dangerous." General Castro said Felix Diaz has ten or twelve old federal commanders under him, each having bands of from 25 to 100 men. Diaz, he added, never had more than 100 unless some of these separate leaders joined him. He said they frequently quarreled among them selves and Higinio Aguilar was always quarreling with Diaz or some other leader. He said he does not think Filipe Angeles, now with Villa, has any con nection with the Diaz-BIanquet move ment as all are afraid of any one as sociated with Villa forces because of the feeling against Villa in the United States. Arrival of Blanquet NEW YORK, April 3. Gen. Aureli ano Blanquet, Mexican minister of war during the administration of President Victoriano Huerta and described as second In command to General Felix Diaz recently reported as having un dertaken a revolutionary movement against President Carranza, has ar rived safely in Mexico "after a very dangerous trip," according to an an nouncement made here today by Rob ert Gayon, his secretary. Blanquet was accompanied by Gen eral Juan Montano. chief of staff; Gen H STANDS OB FIRES FOR CONSUMERS SMOULDERING ID LI COSTS UiERU Director General of Rail roads Explains Why He Will Not Accept Readjust ment Prices of Steel and Coal 7 Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, April 3. The con flict between the industrial board of the department of commerce and the railroad administration over steel prices has developed a new question of whether the board shall attempt to ar range prices with basic industries at which the public shall be asked to make purchases. Reconsideration of the entire policy of the board, with the possible conse quent withdrawal or revision of the steel prices already announced, has been decided upon. Conferences will start tomorrow between representa tives of the board and the railroad ad ministration on which it is believed will depend the future activities of the board. It developed today that the lengthy conference yesterday, attended by sev eral cabinet 'members and the heads of all the important government purchas ing agencies, decided to recommit to the board the "entire matter" involvsd in the refusal of the railroad adminis tration to accept the new steel prices. History of Dispute When the new steel prices were ar ranged, the railroad administration gave notice through its representative on the board, T. C. Powell, that they were not acceptable to the largest pur chaser of steel in the United States. It was said that there was some dispute between the board and the administra tion as to whether the notice comprised only rails, as contended by the board, or all steel products, as alleged by the latter. At any rale, the announcement ol the new scale made no mention of the prices being acceptable to the gov ernment, but offered them only as ' satisfactory to the public. Steel rails were priced in the revised schedule at $45 and $47 a ton. The railroad administration still is reeeiv ing deliveries on contracts at $36 to $40 s. ton. The Coal Controversy Charges by the National Coal associ ation of "unfair practices" on the part of the railroad administration in its purchase of coal and the refusal of the coal operators to undertake price re visions, unless the railroad administra tion agreed to accept them previously, were answered by Mr. Hines in a state ment explaining the policy of the ad (Continued on page two) eral Enrique Gonzales, chief of artil lery; Colonel Francisco Traslosheros, judge advocate; Colonel Luis Acosta. Captain Guillermo Rosas and two other Mexican officers of the old federal ar my, according to Gayon. The purpose of General Blanquet's return, Gayon soid, was to reorganize the Diaz forces, overthrow the Car ranza government and re-establish the constitution of J857, which, he says, was repudiated oy Carranza, and revoke the alleged confiscatory decrees of the present government. Acting Secretary of State Frank Polk has been advised of General Blanquet's safe arrival and the purpose of his visit. General Blanquet and the members of his party sailed from a port in the West Indies for Mexico March 14 on the motor sloop La Providencia and successfully eluded the Mexican gun boat Zaragosa and two smaller patrol boats, which they learned had been sent out to apprehend them, Gayon stated. The party landed at a desolate point on the coast of Vera Cruz "and were met by the forces of General Diaz and escorted to his headquarters at Tepa tlaxco. General Blanquet who has been liv ing in New York with his family for the last four years, sailed for Havana Cuba, from this port January &. Gayon said that he understands that the mo tor sloop, which registers less than 100 tons, also carried some munitions, but that they were not obtained in this country. General Diaz, according to Gayon, has 40,000 troops scattered throughout 15 of 27 states of Mexico. Of these, he said, 7,500 were in Vera Cruz, in cluding 1.S00 men at the headquarters in Teatlaxco. Several officers in the old federal army are reported to have crossed over to the Diaz forces. Gen. Candido Aguilar, son-in-law of Presi dent Carranza and a former secretary of state in his cabinet, is said to be leading the government forces against Diaz in the Vera Cruz district. General Blanquet. Gayon explained, intends to remain in Mexico until the revolution is successful or the Diaz forces are overcome. "I will see you in Mexico or eter nity" were the general's last words to friends who gathered to bid him good bye on the eve of his departure, his secretary said. General Blanquet dur ing the Madero revolution took a prom inent part in nearly all the actions of the federal army in the states of Pu ebla, Guerrero, Morelos, Chihuahua, Durango and Coahuila, achieving fame for himself and the 29th battalion. which he commanded. After the "coup' of General Felix Diaz and Mondragon. General Blanquet, by command of Hu erta, arrested Francisco I. Madero and his cabinet at the national palace in Mexico City and Huerta became pro visional president. Blanquet became minister of war in the Huerta cabinet. In July, 1914, he became vice president of Mexico. Though Majority Are Yet Against Bolshevism, the Peace Conference- Delays and Other Causes Make for Anarchy Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, April 3. The latest advice concerning the fighting at Frankfort and the renewal of the strike in Berlin confirms the impression prevailing in Germany when the former Berlin cor respondent of the Associated Pres.-' left there a week ago that the then comparative lull in the manifestations of industrial disorder and revolution ary violence and pillage by the rabble was only temporary. Germany was at that time fairly quiet, the only important exception being a strike in the surroundiirj region. The March inSurrection in Berlin and the disturbances in central Germany and in east Prussia had been suppressed; the flame of disorder was only flickering in the Silesia coal fields, while order was being main tained in Bremen, Essen and other cities, formerly scenes of spartacan uprisings and the socialist proletariat of Bavaria, although running affairs in that state without regard to the central government were not seeking any occasion of conflict with the cen tral authorities. Causes of Unrest Beneath the surface, there was abundant possibilities of trouble. The majority of the German working men, particularly the married men, wished to work, although higher wages are being constantly demaaded, to meet, the rising cost of food. An energetic spartacan minority . and the . younger irrepressibles, however, are constantly causing trouble and preaching bolshe vist doctrines of reiterated political strikes, to dispossess factory owner. and overthrow the present govern ment. On earlier occasions, as at Berlin, and in the Ruhr region, these minori ties had been able to inveigle or per suade others into joining the strike movement, producing higher wages in cases of success and holding out thu bait of abundant food shipments from Russia if the government were over thrown and an alliance concluded with bolshevist Russia. Minority Maybe Majority The factory owners feared that the radical minority might again dominate their fellows if a new strike was called under propitious circumstances, particularly as there were a number of big establishments known colloquilly as "Liebknecht plants," where the workmen were largely spartacan, who could be counted on to give a most satisfactory impetus to a general strike by going out in a body at a given signal. Factory owners and others in close touch with industrial conditions re gard the distribution of American food supplies at reasonable prices as the only possibility of mastering the strike movement, re-establishing industrial order and stimulating production. With the workmen able to buy with their wages the necessary food, they may be able to shake off the influence of the radicals. Without this possibility, all must inevitably drift' completely into the domination of the extremists. The industrial situation is complicate , ed by a shortage of coal and raw ma terials. Factories are running only five days a week on a short schedule of hours. Should the coal production ba increased and transportation improved, there would be a far better outlook for industry. Food a Sedative Leading German manufacturers, par ticularly in the electrical and machin ery lines, assured the correspondent that they would have no difficulty in doing a profitable business even under the present wage scale if the food and fuel difficulty was solved. The food situation was rapidly becoming critical when the food and shipping agreement was signed. But the speedy arrival of American food ships with food on board had already had an imposing effect on general sentiment, though distribution had not begun a week ago. The exhaustion of the potato stocKS was in sight, the food administrators hoping only to continue the reduced ration until into May. Some stocks ot grain could last at best only into the third week of May. The emaciated herds of Germany were no longer able , to supply even the reduced meat ration of from four to seven ounces per week. The government distribution of bread was slightly over five pounds a week, but was still functioning efficiently. Rationing Machinery Broken .. Otherwise, the rationing machinery had largely broken down, either on ac count of exhaustion of supplies or in abality of a weak government to en force the purchasing regulations which had been beyond the power of a strong war government. The ration, even on paper, was inadequate to maintain the working ability of people weakened by four years of food privations. Every one, rich and poor, bought what sup plies could be obtained outside the ra tions at enormous prices. The workman, earning his imposing 30 to 40 marks per day, had been spending a day's wages for a pound of lard, pork or beef. The more un fortunate middle class man, on a fixed salary was unable to finance such lux ury except on the rarest occasions. Both of these classes at the end of March found that, even" at such ex orbitant prices, nothing was to be ob tained. Restaurants, which earlier had catered to customers with money and had furnished them with food, without the presentation of a card, were being forced to obey the law. - , The Delay at Paris The long wait for the decision of the peace conference, and the press reports from time to time of decisions adverse to Germany had produced a very pes simistic sentiment and just as the government representatives talked of refusing to sign a humiliating treaty, so many publicists and men in various walks of life had begun to argue the advisability of easting over the west and coming to an understanding with' bolshevist Russia. This sentiment when coming from.