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PUBLICAN AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL nilRTIETn YEAR 12 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, .MONDAY MORNING, APRIL 28, 1919 12 PAGES VOL. XXX., NO. 2 ZONA r n v OPPOSE SUES ALWAYS WILL SITS BUHLESQ Answers Gompers Govern ment Employes Not Per mitted To Walk Out Is Unthinkable Still Howls Against Publishers-Labor Cannot Obscure Issue Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. April 27. Post master General Burleson in a state ment , tonight, defended his adminis tration of tho postoffiee. department and his poL'cy in operating government controlled telephone and telegraph systems, aeainst charges made yes terday l'.y Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, that the postmaster general was car rying out "an archaic, autocratic policy in the conduct of the postal telegraph company and the telephone Fcrvice and "was completely out of sympathy with the trend o American thought." Mr. H"rl"son in his statement, con tinued h s -ticism of what he termed "certain f Ifish publishers." "As tK- postmaster general sees it." paid Mr. Burleson, "It Is little short of si'.ly talk abo' collective bargaining with any exe- . officer by civil ser vice employe:- under his admin istra tion. The salary and wages to be paid such employes, the hours of labor and working conditions are fixed by the legJsla'ive branch, and it is for the execut'v- head of a department to strictly follow tho law in respect there' o. In the matter of fixing com pensation . . . the postmaster general has recommended, as the rec ord shows, that the government be a model employer; that compensation for those who serve it be fixed upon a generous basis, in fact, compensation of laborers and clerks miouid be fixed from 15 to 30 per cent more than is paid for similar service in private em ployment. That the legislative branch can be relied upon to act generously is shown by the postal establishment in which, within two years, increases have been granted aggregating more than $40,000,000 annually. Sternly Opposes Strikes "The attitude of the postmaster gen , eral toward organization of government "employes and their affiliation with out side organizations, having the strike as a means of redressing grievances, has long been known . . . The postmaster general maintains that the strike on the part of employes of the government, or those working for the government, is not permissible, in fact, is unthinkable, and that the utmost danger to the government is involved in any suggestion that there should be a recession from this position, and that as far as he Is concerned, there will be none .... "In the matter of telephone and tele graph employes, they are at present working for the government, and the postmaster general insists that a strike on their part is not permissible and he will never concede that it is." Mr. Burleson said he had strictly observed the rules and policies laid down by the war labor board for tele graph employes, before the wires were taken over by the government and added : "Tho question is, as the postmaster general sees it, whether the order pro cesses of govercmnt shall be ignored; whether a labor organization can defy its authority, and put into effect their will, regardless o" tho right of others and the public interest. "Frankness requires the foregoing i statement by the postmaster general but he again declares that if he can prevent, this labor question shall not be used by certain selfish publishers to obscrue the real issue. The postmaster general insists that the issue now is shall these certain selfish publishers who have been blood-sucking the nostal establishment for years, to the extent of $72,000,000 annually, be fully re stored to this privilege. The "post master general says, 'no'." o FALLS 150 FEET DEAD FREEPORT, N. T.. April 27. Lieu tenant Allington Jolly of Chicago was killed to day when a privately owned airplane he was testing fell 150 feet 'near the Lufbery aviation field here. Both his legs were broken and his skull fractured. , o PRESENT TREATY FRIDAY PARIS, April 27. (By the Associated Press.) It was slated in French circles tonight tht the peace conference would be ready to present the peace treaty to the Germans Friday or Saturday of this week. NEWS EPITOME FOREIGN Revised Covenant of League of Na tions printed in full in The Repub lican this morning. Costa Rica denies that her troops are being mobilized. Plenty of food for Europe, says Hoover, but shipping is insuf ficient DOMESTIC Postmaster General Burleson oppos es strikes of government employes and always will. Samuel Gompers thrown from taxi cab and severely injured; will re cover. California troops pass through El Paso en route for Presidio, San Francisco. Borah still refuses to support revised draft of league covenant. LOCAL First list of 158th men who arrive in , El Paso Tuesday for demobiliza ' t'on is published. Big barbecue, with parade and sports to be feature of welcome celebra- tion planned for returning Arizona service men. Chief Johnson of Cocopahs and . tribesman Bill Davis found guilty in federal court of first degree mur- . der; threatened outbreak from braves does not appeur. District Attorney Free of San Jose sounds Victory loan appeal at big mass meeting rally at capital. Chamber of Commerce urges legis lation for roads and reclamation work for soldiers. I i j i I Says Wilson IS In Alliayice To Help France PAR!S, April 27, A project for an alliance between France and America is actually under way, the Echo de Paris says. President Wilson, the newspaper adds, is withholding action until he can place the matter before the Ameri can senate. m SIMPLY SE WASHINGTON. April 27. Members of the senate were greatly interested in the revised text of the league of na tions covenant, but a majority were inclined to withhold comment upon the changes that have been made, pending an opportunity to study the document carefully. .Senator Borah of Idaho, republican, one of the leading opponents of the league of nations, reiterated his state ment that he could not support the proposed covenant. "Article ten." he siad, "which obligated us to guarantee the territorial integrity of Kurppe and Asia, remains as it was," said, the sen ator. "This article would require us to keep an army in Europe indefinitely, and compel us to do over again what we ai t- now doing in Russia. This article alone would make it impossible for me to support the league. Neither do I think the Monroe doctrine has been adequately protected. The withdrawal clause is also impractical." Supporters of the league plan, how ever, reiterated their belief that the re vised covenant would meet objections that had been made against it and would be ratified by the senate. sieIsTike up others' loss WASHINGTON, April 27. Special efforts to obtain over-subscriptions from communities to counterbalance possible under-subscriptions from oth ers will be made this week by Victory Liberty loan commutes, at the request of the treasury. Managers of the loan have discovered that vicissitudes of the post-war read justment period have reduced the or dinary abMity of some communities to subscribe the same proportions as in previous loans, although in many cases tliey have been assigned the same pro portionate quota. For this reason cities, towns and country communities which have not been adversely affected by the cessa tion of war activities, were urged in messages sent today to all loan com mittees by the treasury, to exceed their quotas weherever possible. Secretary Glass today designated Wednesday, May 7, during the last week of the loan drive as "navy day" and instructed loan committees "to ob serve that day in a manner which will fittingly honor the American navy." GET PALACE READY ' FOR HUN DELEGATES VERSAILLES, Saturday, April 26, Workmen rapidly are getting into shape the buildings of the royal palace and the hotels adjoining, for tne meet ing of the peace congress. The pre liminary sessions between the German plenipotentiaries and the delegates of the five great associated and allied powers will be held in the room in the Trianon I'alace hotel, in which the sessions of the supreme allied war council were held during the war. Another force of workmen is en gaged in the park making arrange meats for shutting off that corner of the park between the Trianon Palace hotel and the Hotel Des Reservoirs, through which the German represen tatives will pass on their way to and from the conferences. Baron Leisner, head of the German delegation, already here, has entered emphatic objections to any restric tions of the freedom of movement for the Germans. In view of these ob jections, the French authorities may abandon their early plans concerning the barrier. SAYS ALL NOW FAVOR LEAGUE DENVER, April 27. Declaring that everyone who is a sincero supporter of peace and international justice will support the league of nations coven ant, as finally drafted by the peace oontferencq, Gilbert f. Hitciicock, United States senator from Nebraska, tonight voiced his approval of the league of nations plan in an address at the municipal auditorium. Senator Hitchcock asserted that the most serious objections to the league have been overcome and concluded with: "Men must meet the big is sue squarely. Yes or no, shall we join in an effort to prevent war or revert to tho old systems with, its sacrifices and its horrors." The senator also made an appeal for over-subscription of the Victory-Liberty loan. TRAIN OVERTURNS 20 HURT NONE BADLY MONTROSE, Colo., April 27. Twen ty persons were injured, none serious ly, when east bound Denver and Rio Cirande train, number 315, jumped the track ami 'turned over near Ccrro Summit, twenty miles east of here, this afternoon. . Among the injured were several sol diers returning to their homes, after having been discharged at eastern camps. The men were all from west ern Colorado. O. S. Major of Kansas City, a dis charged soldier, -was severely burned by the overturning of a stove in the coach in which he was riding. AI lof the injured were removed on a relief train which had been sent to the wreck. EXPEL HUN LEGATION STOCKHOLM, April 27. (Havas.) On the demand of the allies, the Fin nish government has expelled the sec retary of the German legation at He!: singfors. b LEAGUE "Gosh, That Looks Like the Big One That Got Away From Me Last Summer PLENTY OF FOOD BUT SHIPPING IS SHORT PARIS. April 27. In the harvest year from August, 1918, to August 1819. Europe must Import 29,000,000 tons of foodstuffs from overseas, and to meet this there is available a total of about 35,000.000 tons, Herbert C. Hoover, chairman of the food section of the supreme economic council, said today. in reviewing the present world food situation. The supply available is suf ficient to meet 'the needs of Euripe. but shipping conditions are not satis factory on account of strikes in many countries, and as a result there is no question that jthe entire American sur plus will be absorbed. "We are now at the worst phase of the European famine, that was in evitable after this world war," Mr. Hoover said. "The United States," Mr. Hoover continued, "will supply to Europe dur ing the year ending next August, food stuffs valued at 12.500,000,000." GOSTftliflS TROOPS MOBILIZED SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, April 27. The Costa Rican government today is sued and official denial of the report from Managua, Nicaragua, that Costa Rica had mobilized troops on the Ni caraguan boundary. Managua advices under date of April 23-asserted that Costa Rica had con centrated 2,000 soldiers on the Nicaragua-Costa Rican frontier, through fear, it was said, of an invasion of Costa Rican exiles in Nicaragua. SAN SALVADOR, April 27. A dis patch from Nicaragua says the prin cipal chiefs of the Costa Rican forces, operating on the, Nicaraguan frontier, are Nicaraguans dissatisfied with the government of General Emiliano Cha morro, the Nicaraguan president. o IS UNDER ATTACK EERLIN, Saturday, April 2C (Ey the Associated Press.) Military oper ations against the soviet government of Bavaria were'planne'd to begin today under command of Lieutenant General von Moehl. The Bavarian govern ment announces that Wurtemburg and other imperial forces are engaged in the movement. Reports to tho Vossiche Zeitung say martial law has been declared through out Bavaria. Landshut, northwest of Munich, has been captured by govern ment forces, but southwest of Munich the soviet troops have advanced along the Fuerm and Amur river to Lake Stamberg and Lake Ammer. According to a Munich dispatch to the Lokal Anzeiger. two leaders of the independent socialists and the whole commission for the unemployed at Nuremberg have been arrested. HeiT Schmidt, the Spartacan leader, there resisted arrest and was shot, while his son was badly wounded, it is said. In encounters between armed civil ians and soldiers and a government patrol in Nuremberg, one sailor was killed and several civilians wounded. ABOLISH TRADE BLACK LIST LONDON. April 2' office annouuees the The foreign sboli'ion oi trade black lists from April 29. MIAN IT M I bOftHIT I IEH THROWN FROM HIS TAXI Venerable Labor Leader Painfully Injured Wish es None Punished "Plainly An Accident" Follows Issuance of Victory-Liberty Loan Appeal NEW YORK, April 27 Samuel Gompers, president of the American Federation of Labor, was seriously in jured here this afternoon when a taxi cab in which he was riding was struck by a surface car and hurled 20 feet to the curb. Surgeons reported that two of Mr. Gompers' ribs had been frac tured, his right hip. sprained, and that he had suffered severe body contu sions. Despite , the advanced age of the labor leader, who is 69 years of age, the surgeons declared that there was no likelihood of the injuris proving fatal. Pdestrians who witnessed the crash rushed to the wrecked machine and ex tricated Mr. Gompers, who was found to be unconscious. . One side of the cab was completely crushed in and the wreckage had pinned him against the other side of the machine. Mr. Gompers was carried to his hotel, where surgeons decided it would be un wise to remove him to a hospital. Hugh Fiayne, general organizer of the American Federation of Labor, is sued a statement tonight asserting that Mr. Gompers was in no danger. ' Dr. Charles R. Hancock, who is in attendance." said Mr. Frayne, "was of the opinion that after a few days' rest and quiet, Mr. Gompers would be able to get around again." No arrests in connection with the accident were made. Mr. Gompers, it was said, requested that no one be punished for the col lision, saying it was "plainly an acci dent." , Just before the accident, Mr. Gom pers issued a statement urging workers to do their share in assuring the suc cess of the Victory-Liberty loan. "It is a solemn, but happy, duty that is laid upon each of us," said Mr. Gom- per -Let us buy as we wouiu u we were beholding the great sacrifice that J our home folk made in Belleau Wood, "We have fought and won a great war for a noble cause. The cause is safety. The might of our nation in arms made it safe. This fact has a great meaning to every American, whatever his work or place may be. I believe the great mass of working men and women wil lespecially feel the truth of this. - "There remains to us the task of paying some of the costs of our mag nificent effort. I appeal to my fello-v Americans, and especially to my fellow American workers, to help pay this remaining cost to help gladly and freely." , . CHAMP CLARK GREETS SON NEWPORT NEWS, Va., April 27 Eight thousand troops from France, including men of the Rainbojv division from Missouri, arrived today. Champ Clark, former speaker of the house of representatives, accompanied by his son, Lieutenant Colonel Bennett Clark, who had previously arrived with other Missouri troops, welcomed the Missouri men. . - ITALIANS SHOW CONFIDENCE lii I.MH, April .27. At a political mptitiw tnd:iv n. soeeial committee was ! appointed to draft a resolution of con- ail ?idence i nthe government for subm'is- iiion to parliament , i EUROPE At a Glance By the Associated Press Monday is to see the commencement of the final action on the covenant of the league of nations. French, Japan ese and Belgian amendments are al ready passed upon, to be reconsidered in part and adjusted, but it is reported in Paris advices that progress in this direction already has been made. Sunday passed quietly in peace con ference circles, no meetings being held by the council of three. President Wilson planned a day of relaxation with a motor trip, prepara tory to the league of nations discus sion, and the meeting later in the week at Versailles, with the German dele gates. Likewise David Lloyd George, the British prime minister, sought a change of atmosphere in a visit to the devastated regions, along the old bat tle front. All the main Italian dele gates to the peace conference, headed by Premier Orlando and Baron Son nino, the foreign minister, either are in Rome, where the premier shortly is to appear before the chamber of deputies to acquaint that body with the situation in Paris, or are on their way thither. At last accounts, the Italian people still were clamoring for tho carrying out to the full of their demands with regard to Fiume and the Dalmatian coast and islands, but President Wil son and the French and British prem iers remain adamant. -o RAT PASS THRU EL PASO EL PASO. Texas, April 27. Three trains carrying 1,226 California trooi3 of the Fortieth and' Ninenty-first di visions passed through here today, en route from Camp Merritt, New Jersey, to the Presidio, San Francisco, for de mobilization. 'These troops included the headquarters of the 3st division staff officers, headquarters troops 115th sanitary train. SISth engineers and military police, casual troops, med ical detachments, and other detached units. Upon their arrival here, the Californians were met by representa tives of the Red Cross, T. M. C. A, War Camp Community service and Knights of Columbus and entertained while they were in the city. A number of j units marched down town whistling j and singing their overseas songs. They were given refreshments from the lied Cross service car at the union station before their departure for the west. : 0 SHIPYARD JUNK FOR SALE BY MILLIONS .WASHINGTON. April 27. Imporjt ant steps toward disposing of the tre mendous shipping interests built up by the government during the war, were taJien today i nthe creation by Direc tor General Piez, of a new section of the emergency fleet corporation, de signed to supervise the disposal of millions of dollars worth of invest ments to private concerns. The new section will be known as the plant disposal section, with B. E. Grant, en gineer of the ship yard plants di vision, in charge. Sale of the corpor ation's interests In wood yards, con crete yards, steel yards and fabricat ing plants will be effected under Mr. Gra.nt'a direction, with a. view to nut ting the immense shipbuilding plant; into private hands. - o- BAKER STARTS HOME BREST, April 27. Newton D. Baker American secretary of war, sailed to day for the United States aboard the tranEBort Georse Washington. REVISED LEAGUECDVErJfiNT IS REVEALED BY STATE OFFICIALS ; Complete Text of Finished Document Published Articles That Have Been Amended Are So Indicated at Con clusion of Each Character of Change Is Shown by Black Face Type Immediately Following This Consti tution Is to Be Submitted to the Plenary Session of Peace Conference Today Alterations Have Been Made to Meet World-Wide Criticism of Original Draft In fluence of United States Statesmen in This Country Is Recognized WASHINGTON. April 27. The re vised covenant of the league of nations as it will be presented at Paris tomor row to the peace conleiem-e in plenary session was made public tonight by the state department. Its essential feat ures already had been di losed through an official summary issued two weeks ago. Attached to the text, however, is the hitherto' unpublished "annex," referred to in the covenant, in which are named the 31 states, including the self-governments of the British dominions, which are to be the original members of the league of nations, and 13' states to be invited to accede to t:io covenant. The original raraljrs axe all the na tions which declared v.;.:- on Germany, and, in addition, the new slates of Czecho-Slovakia and Poland. Those invited to become mcm crs by aeced ing to the covenant are the three I Scandinavian countries, the Nether lands. Switzerland, Spain and Persia, and the American republics of Argen tina, Chile. Colombia, Paraguay, Sal vador and Venezuela Mexico does not appear in the list. Provision is made in the covenant, however, for the admission to the league of any fully self-governing country which will give required guar antees upon a two-thiras vote of the assembly. As in the original cocument, the covenant provides that tne league shall act through an assembly, in which each state shall have one vote and not more than three delegates and a council, comprising, lor the present, one repre sentative for each of the five great powers and each of four other powers, to be selected from time to time by the assembly. Members of each class represented on the council may be increased by j unanimous consent of the council and ! of the majority of the assembly. The i text provides that nothing in the cove ' nant shall be deemed to "affect the validity of international engagements, such as treaties of arbitration, or re gional understandings, like the Mon roe Doctrine, for securing the mainte nance of peace." This was the amendment for which President Wilson made a successful fight, at the same time the Japanese delegation to the peace conference sought vainly to have a race equality provision inserted in the covenant. Changes suggested in criticisms in the United States senate: adopted pro visions for the withdrawal of a member nation upon two years' notice after fulfilment of the league obligations; exempt domestic questions from the league's jurisdiction; provide that mandatories over German colonies or former Ottoman domiulons shall be given only to nations willing to accept them; leave it to member Btates to de cide what armed, force. If any, it will contribute to the force required by the league to enforce ita mandates, and make it clear that member states indi vidually will pass upon proposed limi tations upon their armaments. With modifications, the new draft includes all the provisions for the submission to the council of international disputes, for inviti-g non-member nations to ac cept the obligations of members, for theurpose of adjusting disputes, and for breaking economic relations or the use of armed force in dealing wan a state which has broken the covenant. Except in certain specified instances, unanimous agreement is required for all decisions. WASHINGTON, April 27. The state department made public tonight the text of the revised covenant of the league of nations, as it will be pre sented tomorrow to the plenary ses sion X)f the peace conference at Paris. The text follows, with parenthetical insertions showing changes made in the covenant as originally drafted and made public: THE COVENANT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS: j In order -to promote international! co-operation and to achieve interna-j tional peace and security by the ac-1 ceptance or obligations, not to resort to war, by the prescription of just and honorable relations between nations, by the firm establishment of the un derstandings of international law as to actual rule of conduct among govern ments and by the maintenance of jus tice and a scrupulous respect for all treaty obligations in the dealings of organized people with one another, the high contracting parties agree to this covenant of the league of nations. (In the original preamble the last sentence read "adopt this consti tution" instead of "agree to this covenant.") Article 1. The origin.- etters of the league of nations shall be those of the signatories which are named in the annex to this covenant and also such of those other states named in the annex as shall accede without reserva tion to this covenant. Such accessions shall be effected by a declaration de posited with the secretariat within two months of the coming into force of the covenant. Notice thereof shall be sent to all the other members of the league. Any fully self-governing state, do-, minion or colony not named in the I annex ms.y become a member of the! league if its admission is agreed to by two-thirds of the assembly, provided , ths.t it shall give effective guarantees ! of its sincere intention to observe its I international obligations and shall ac- j cept such regulations as may be pre- i scribed by the league in regard to its ; military and naval forces and arma- j ments. Any member of the league may, ! after two years notice of its intention j so to do, withdraw from the league,; provided that all its international ob- i ligations and all its obligations under this- covenant shall have been fulfilled at the time of its withdrawal. (This article is new, embodying with atlerations and additions, the old article seven. It provides more specifically the method of admit ting new members and adds the entirely new paragraph P'Jviding for withdrawal from thr;Seaoue. No mention of withdrawal was made in the original document.) Article 2. The action of the leazim under this covenant shall be effectiva through the instrumentality of an as. sembly and of a council, with perma nent secretariat. (Originally this was a part of article one. It gives the name of assembly to the gathering of rep resentatives of the memoers of the league formerly referred to merely as "the body of delegates.") Article 3. The assembly shall con sist of representative! of the member! of the league. . ' The assembly shall meet at stated intervals and from time to time j. occasion may require at the seat c the league, or at such other places s. may be decided upon. The assembly may aeai ai us meetings witft any matter within the sphere of action the league or affecting the peace the world. At meetings of the assembly ear-'i member of the league shall have on i vote and may not have more than t-re-- representatives. (This embodies parts of the orig inal articles one. two. and three with only minor changes. It refers to "members of the league" where the term "high contracting parties" originally was used, and this change is followed throughout the revised draft. Article 4.. The council shall consit of representatives of the United Stated of America, of the British empire. cC France, of Italy, and of Japan. togcth with representatives of four other members of the league. Tiicse fou members of t he league shall be select"-1 by the assembly from time to time in its dicretion. Until the appointment o." the rej-resetnatives of the four mem bers of the league first selected by tin; assembly, representatives of (blank shall be members cf the council. With the approval of the majority of the assembly the council may nam additional members of the league whoso representatives shall always be mem bers of the eoucil; the council wit n liK approval may increase the number cf members of the league, to be Felectod by the assembly for representation on the council. The council shall meet from time to time as occasion may require, and nt least once a year, at the seat of the league, or at such other place as may be decided upon. The council may deal at its meetings with any matter within the sphere of action of the league or affecting the peace of the world. Any member of the league not repre sented on the council shall be invited to send a representative to sit as a mem ber at any meeting of the council flar ing the consideration of matters spe cially affecting the interests of that member of the league. At meetings of the council each mem ber of the league represented on lhe council shall have one vote, and may not have more than one representative. (This embodies that part of the original article three designating the original members of the coun cil. The paragraph providing for increase in the membership of the , council is new.) Article 5. Except where otherwise expressly provided in this covenant, decisions at any meeting of the assem bly or of the council shall require tlu; agreement of all the members of in; league represented at the meeting. AH matters of procedure at meetings of the assembly or ef the council, tho appointment of committees to investi gate particular matters shall be regu lated by the assembly or by the council and may be decide by a majority of the members of the league represented at the meting. The first meeting of the assembly and the first meeting at the council shall be summoned by the president of the United States of America. (The first paragraph requiring unanimous agreement in both as sembly and council except where otherwise provided is new. The other two paragraphs originally were included in article 4.) - Article 6. The permanent secre tariat shall be established at the seat of the league. The secretariat shall com prise a secretariat general and such secretaries and staff as may be re quired. The first secretary general shall 1 the person named in the annex: there after the secretary general shall be ap pointed by the council with the ap proval of the mapority of the assembly. The secretariat and the staff of the secretaries shall be appointed by th secretary general with the approval of the council. The secretary general shall act in that capacity at all meetings of the as sembly and of the council. The expenses of the secretariat shall be borne by the members of the league in. accordance with the apportionment of the expenses of the international bureau of the Universal postal union. (This replaces the original article 5. In the orig.nal the appointmert of the first secretary general was left to the council and approval of (Continued on Page Two) ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Germans hurl fresh divis;ons against the tired Allies to force ad vances in the Picardy battle. Continuously assaulting waves force the Allies back from Mt. Kern mel and Wystaeche. Haig's "back to the wall" defense desperately holds the Huns out of Ypres. Germans grind down Allies resist ance in advances north of Lys. Only first units of America's Na tional Army being rushed to Ameri can mobilization camps. SUBSCRIBE NOW TO THE VICTORY LIBERTY LOAN WHAT YOU WOULD HAVE PAID FOR VICTORY THEN.