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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, April 28, 1919, Image 1

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VOL. XXX., NO. 2
r n v
Answers Gompers Govern
ment Employes Not Per
mitted To Walk Out Is
Unthinkable Still Howls
Against Publishers-Labor
Cannot Obscure Issue
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON. April 27. Post
master General Burleson in a state
ment , tonight, defended his adminis
tration of tho postoffiee. department
and his poL'cy in operating government
controlled telephone and telegraph
systems, aeainst charges made yes
terday l'.y Samuel Gompers, president
of the American Federation of Labor,
that the postmaster general was car
rying out "an archaic, autocratic
policy in the conduct of the postal
telegraph company and the telephone
Fcrvice and "was completely out of
sympathy with the trend o American
Mr. H"rl"son in his statement, con
tinued h s -ticism of what he termed
"certain f Ifish publishers."
"As tK- postmaster general sees it."
paid Mr. Burleson, "It Is little short of
si'.ly talk abo' collective bargaining
with any exe- . officer by civil ser
vice employe:- under his admin istra
tion. The salary and wages to be
paid such employes, the hours of labor
and working conditions are fixed by
the legJsla'ive branch, and it is for the
execut'v- head of a department to
strictly follow tho law in respect
there' o. In the matter of fixing com
pensation . . . the postmaster
general has recommended, as the rec
ord shows, that the government be a
model employer; that compensation
for those who serve it be fixed upon a
generous basis, in fact, compensation
of laborers and clerks miouid be fixed
from 15 to 30 per cent more than is
paid for similar service in private em
ployment. That the legislative branch
can be relied upon to act generously
is shown by the postal establishment
in which, within two years, increases
have been granted aggregating more
than $40,000,000 annually.
Sternly Opposes Strikes
"The attitude of the postmaster gen
, eral toward organization of government
"employes and their affiliation with out
side organizations, having the strike
as a means of redressing grievances,
has long been known . . . The
postmaster general maintains that the
strike on the part of employes of the
government, or those working for the
government, is not permissible, in fact,
is unthinkable, and that the utmost
danger to the government is involved
in any suggestion that there should be
a recession from this position, and
that as far as he Is concerned, there
will be none ....
"In the matter of telephone and tele
graph employes, they are at present
working for the government, and the
postmaster general insists that a strike
on their part is not permissible and
he will never concede that it is."
Mr. Burleson said he had strictly
observed the rules and policies laid
down by the war labor board for tele
graph employes, before the wires were
taken over by the government and
added :
"Tho question is, as the postmaster
general sees it, whether the order pro
cesses of govercmnt shall be ignored;
whether a labor organization can defy
its authority, and put into effect their
will, regardless o" tho right of others
and the public interest.
"Frankness requires the foregoing
i statement by the postmaster general
but he again declares that if he can
prevent, this labor question shall not
be used by certain selfish publishers to
obscrue the real issue. The postmaster
general insists that the issue now is
shall these certain selfish publishers
who have been blood-sucking the nostal
establishment for years, to the extent
of $72,000,000 annually, be fully re
stored to this privilege. The "post
master general says, 'no'."
FREEPORT, N. T.. April 27. Lieu
tenant Allington Jolly of Chicago was
killed to day when a privately owned
airplane he was testing fell 150 feet
'near the Lufbery aviation field here.
Both his legs were broken and his skull
fractured. ,
PARIS, April 27. (By the Associated
Press.) It was slated in French circles
tonight tht the peace conference would
be ready to present the peace treaty to
the Germans Friday or Saturday of
this week.
Revised Covenant of League of Na
tions printed in full in The Repub
lican this morning.
Costa Rica denies that her troops
are being mobilized.
Plenty of food for Europe, says
Hoover, but shipping is insuf
ficient DOMESTIC
Postmaster General Burleson oppos
es strikes of government employes
and always will.
Samuel Gompers thrown from taxi
cab and severely injured; will re
cover. California troops pass through El
Paso en route for Presidio, San
Borah still refuses to support revised
draft of league covenant.
First list of 158th men who arrive in
, El Paso Tuesday for demobiliza
' t'on is published.
Big barbecue, with parade and sports
to be feature of welcome celebra-
tion planned for returning Arizona
service men.
Chief Johnson of Cocopahs and
. tribesman Bill Davis found guilty in
federal court of first degree mur-
. der; threatened outbreak from
braves does not appeur.
District Attorney Free of San Jose
sounds Victory loan appeal at big
mass meeting rally at capital.
Chamber of Commerce urges legis
lation for roads and reclamation
work for soldiers.
Says Wilson IS
In Alliayice To
Help France
PAR!S, April 27, A project for
an alliance between France and
America is actually under way,
the Echo de Paris says. President
Wilson, the newspaper adds, is
withholding action until he can
place the matter before the Ameri
can senate.
WASHINGTON. April 27. Members
of the senate were greatly interested in
the revised text of the league of na
tions covenant, but a majority were
inclined to withhold comment upon
the changes that have been made,
pending an opportunity to study the
document carefully.
.Senator Borah of Idaho, republican,
one of the leading opponents of the
league of nations, reiterated his state
ment that he could not support the
proposed covenant. "Article ten." he
siad, "which obligated us to guarantee
the territorial integrity of Kurppe and
Asia, remains as it was," said, the sen
ator. "This article would require us to keep
an army in Europe indefinitely, and
compel us to do over again what we
ai t- now doing in Russia. This article
alone would make it impossible for me
to support the league. Neither do I
think the Monroe doctrine has been
adequately protected. The withdrawal
clause is also impractical."
Supporters of the league plan, how
ever, reiterated their belief that the re
vised covenant would meet objections
that had been made against it and
would be ratified by the senate.
up others' loss
WASHINGTON, April 27. Special
efforts to obtain over-subscriptions
from communities to counterbalance
possible under-subscriptions from oth
ers will be made this week by Victory
Liberty loan commutes, at the request
of the treasury.
Managers of the loan have discovered
that vicissitudes of the post-war read
justment period have reduced the or
dinary abMity of some communities to
subscribe the same proportions as in
previous loans, although in many cases
tliey have been assigned the same pro
portionate quota.
For this reason cities, towns and
country communities which have not
been adversely affected by the cessa
tion of war activities, were urged in
messages sent today to all loan com
mittees by the treasury, to exceed their
quotas weherever possible.
Secretary Glass today designated
Wednesday, May 7, during the last
week of the loan drive as "navy day"
and instructed loan committees "to ob
serve that day in a manner which will
fittingly honor the American navy."
VERSAILLES, Saturday, April 26,
Workmen rapidly are getting into
shape the buildings of the royal palace
and the hotels adjoining, for tne meet
ing of the peace congress. The pre
liminary sessions between the German
plenipotentiaries and the delegates of
the five great associated and allied
powers will be held in the room in the
Trianon I'alace hotel, in which the
sessions of the supreme allied war
council were held during the war.
Another force of workmen is en
gaged in the park making arrange
meats for shutting off that corner of
the park between the Trianon Palace
hotel and the Hotel Des Reservoirs,
through which the German represen
tatives will pass on their way to and
from the conferences.
Baron Leisner, head of the German
delegation, already here, has entered
emphatic objections to any restric
tions of the freedom of movement for
the Germans. In view of these ob
jections, the French authorities may
abandon their early plans concerning
the barrier.
DENVER, April 27. Declaring that
everyone who is a sincero supporter
of peace and international justice will
support the league of nations coven
ant, as finally drafted by the peace
oontferencq, Gilbert f. Hitciicock,
United States senator from Nebraska,
tonight voiced his approval of the
league of nations plan in an address at
the municipal auditorium.
Senator Hitchcock asserted that the
most serious objections to the league
have been overcome and concluded
with: "Men must meet the big is
sue squarely. Yes or no, shall we join
in an effort to prevent war or revert
to tho old systems with, its sacrifices
and its horrors."
The senator also made an appeal for
over-subscription of the Victory-Liberty
MONTROSE, Colo., April 27. Twen
ty persons were injured, none serious
ly, when east bound Denver and Rio
Cirande train, number 315, jumped the
track ami 'turned over near Ccrro
Summit, twenty miles east of here, this
afternoon. .
Among the injured were several sol
diers returning to their homes, after
having been discharged at eastern
camps. The men were all from west
ern Colorado.
O. S. Major of Kansas City, a dis
charged soldier, -was severely burned
by the overturning of a stove in the
coach in which he was riding.
AI lof the injured were removed on
a relief train which had been sent to
the wreck.
STOCKHOLM, April 27. (Havas.)
On the demand of the allies, the Fin
nish government has expelled the sec
retary of the German legation at He!:
"Gosh, That Looks Like the Big One That
Got Away From Me Last Summer
PARIS. April 27. In the harvest
year from August, 1918, to August 1819.
Europe must Import 29,000,000 tons of
foodstuffs from overseas, and to meet
this there is available a total of about
35,000.000 tons, Herbert C. Hoover,
chairman of the food section of the
supreme economic council, said today.
in reviewing the present world food
situation. The supply available is suf
ficient to meet 'the needs of Euripe.
but shipping conditions are not satis
factory on account of strikes in many
countries, and as a result there is no
question that jthe entire American sur
plus will be absorbed.
"We are now at the worst phase of
the European famine, that was in
evitable after this world war," Mr.
Hoover said.
"The United States," Mr. Hoover
continued, "will supply to Europe dur
ing the year ending next August, food
stuffs valued at 12.500,000,000."
SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, April 27.
The Costa Rican government today is
sued and official denial of the report
from Managua, Nicaragua, that Costa
Rica had mobilized troops on the Ni
caraguan boundary.
Managua advices under date of April
23-asserted that Costa Rica had con
centrated 2,000 soldiers on the Nicaragua-Costa
Rican frontier, through
fear, it was said, of an invasion of
Costa Rican exiles in Nicaragua.
SAN SALVADOR, April 27. A dis
patch from Nicaragua says the prin
cipal chiefs of the Costa Rican forces,
operating on the, Nicaraguan frontier,
are Nicaraguans dissatisfied with the
government of General Emiliano Cha
morro, the Nicaraguan president.
EERLIN, Saturday, April 2C (Ey
the Associated Press.) Military oper
ations against the soviet government
of Bavaria were'planne'd to begin today
under command of Lieutenant General
von Moehl. The Bavarian govern
ment announces that Wurtemburg and
other imperial forces are engaged in
the movement.
Reports to tho Vossiche Zeitung say
martial law has been declared through
out Bavaria. Landshut, northwest of
Munich, has been captured by govern
ment forces, but southwest of Munich
the soviet troops have advanced along
the Fuerm and Amur river to Lake
Stamberg and Lake Ammer.
According to a Munich dispatch to
the Lokal Anzeiger. two leaders of the
independent socialists and the whole
commission for the unemployed at
Nuremberg have been arrested. HeiT
Schmidt, the Spartacan leader, there
resisted arrest and was shot, while his
son was badly wounded, it is said.
In encounters between armed civil
ians and soldiers and a government
patrol in Nuremberg, one sailor was
killed and several civilians wounded.
LONDON. April 2'
office annouuees the
The foreign
sboli'ion oi
trade black lists from April
Venerable Labor Leader
Painfully Injured Wish
es None Punished
"Plainly An Accident"
Follows Issuance of Victory-Liberty
Loan Appeal
NEW YORK, April 27 Samuel
Gompers, president of the American
Federation of Labor, was seriously in
jured here this afternoon when a taxi
cab in which he was riding was struck
by a surface car and hurled 20 feet to
the curb. Surgeons reported that two
of Mr. Gompers' ribs had been frac
tured, his right hip. sprained, and that
he had suffered severe body contu
sions. Despite , the advanced age of
the labor leader, who is 69 years of age,
the surgeons declared that there was
no likelihood of the injuris proving
Pdestrians who witnessed the crash
rushed to the wrecked machine and ex
tricated Mr. Gompers, who was found
to be unconscious. . One side of the cab
was completely crushed in and the
wreckage had pinned him against the
other side of the machine.
Mr. Gompers was carried to his hotel,
where surgeons decided it would be un
wise to remove him to a hospital.
Hugh Fiayne, general organizer of
the American Federation of Labor, is
sued a statement tonight asserting
that Mr. Gompers was in no danger.
' Dr. Charles R. Hancock, who is in
attendance." said Mr. Frayne, "was of
the opinion that after a few days' rest
and quiet, Mr. Gompers would be able
to get around again."
No arrests in connection with the
accident were made.
Mr. Gompers, it was said, requested
that no one be punished for the col
lision, saying it was "plainly an acci
dent." ,
Just before the accident, Mr. Gom
pers issued a statement urging workers
to do their share in assuring the suc
cess of the Victory-Liberty loan.
"It is a solemn, but happy, duty that
is laid upon each of us," said Mr. Gom-
per -Let us buy as we wouiu u we
were beholding the great sacrifice that
our home folk made in Belleau Wood,
"We have fought and won a great
war for a noble cause. The cause is
safety. The might of our nation in
arms made it safe. This fact has a
great meaning to every American,
whatever his work or place may be.
I believe the great mass of working
men and women wil lespecially feel
the truth of this.
- "There remains to us the task of
paying some of the costs of our mag
nificent effort. I appeal to my fello-v
Americans, and especially to my fellow
American workers, to help pay this
remaining cost to help gladly and
freely." , .
NEWPORT NEWS, Va., April 27
Eight thousand troops from France,
including men of the Rainbojv division
from Missouri, arrived today. Champ
Clark, former speaker of the house of
representatives, accompanied by his
son, Lieutenant Colonel Bennett Clark,
who had previously arrived with other
Missouri troops, welcomed the Missouri
men. . -
lii I.MH, April .27. At a political
mptitiw tnd:iv n. soeeial committee was
! appointed to draft a resolution of con-
ail ?idence i nthe government for subm'is-
iiion to parliament
At a Glance
By the Associated Press
Monday is to see the commencement
of the final action on the covenant of
the league of nations. French, Japan
ese and Belgian amendments are al
ready passed upon, to be reconsidered
in part and adjusted, but it is reported
in Paris advices that progress in this
direction already has been made.
Sunday passed quietly in peace con
ference circles, no meetings being held
by the council of three.
President Wilson planned a day of
relaxation with a motor trip, prepara
tory to the league of nations discus
sion, and the meeting later in the week
at Versailles, with the German dele
gates. Likewise David Lloyd George,
the British prime minister, sought a
change of atmosphere in a visit to the
devastated regions, along the old bat
tle front. All the main Italian dele
gates to the peace conference, headed
by Premier Orlando and Baron Son
nino, the foreign minister, either are
in Rome, where the premier shortly
is to appear before the chamber of
deputies to acquaint that body with
the situation in Paris, or are on their
way thither.
At last accounts, the Italian people
still were clamoring for tho carrying
out to the full of their demands with
regard to Fiume and the Dalmatian
coast and islands, but President Wil
son and the French and British prem
iers remain adamant.
EL PASO. Texas, April 27. Three
trains carrying 1,226 California trooi3
of the Fortieth and' Ninenty-first di
visions passed through here today, en
route from Camp Merritt, New Jersey,
to the Presidio, San Francisco, for de
mobilization. 'These troops included
the headquarters of the 3st division
staff officers, headquarters troops
115th sanitary train. SISth engineers
and military police, casual troops, med
ical detachments, and other detached
units. Upon their arrival here, the
Californians were met by representa
tives of the Red Cross, T. M. C. A, War
Camp Community service and Knights
of Columbus and entertained while
they were in the city. A number of
j units marched down town whistling
j and singing their overseas songs. They
were given refreshments from the lied
Cross service car at the union station
before their departure for the west.
: 0
.WASHINGTON. April 27. Imporjt
ant steps toward disposing of the tre
mendous shipping interests built up by
the government during the war, were
taJien today i nthe creation by Direc
tor General Piez, of a new section of
the emergency fleet corporation, de
signed to supervise the disposal of
millions of dollars worth of invest
ments to private concerns. The new
section will be known as the plant
disposal section, with B. E. Grant, en
gineer of the ship yard plants di
vision, in charge. Sale of the corpor
ation's interests In wood yards, con
crete yards, steel yards and fabricat
ing plants will be effected under Mr.
Gra.nt'a direction, with a. view to nut
ting the immense shipbuilding plant;
into private hands.
- o-
BREST, April 27. Newton D. Baker
American secretary of war, sailed to
day for the United States aboard the
tranEBort Georse Washington.
; Complete Text of Finished Document Published Articles
That Have Been Amended Are So Indicated at Con
clusion of Each Character of Change Is Shown by
Black Face Type Immediately Following This Consti
tution Is to Be Submitted to the Plenary Session of
Peace Conference Today Alterations Have Been Made
to Meet World-Wide Criticism of Original Draft In
fluence of United States Statesmen in This Country Is
WASHINGTON. April 27. The re
vised covenant of the league of nations
as it will be presented at Paris tomor
row to the peace conleiem-e in plenary
session was made public tonight by the
state department. Its essential feat
ures already had been di losed
through an official summary issued
two weeks ago.
Attached to the text, however, is the
hitherto' unpublished "annex," referred
to in the covenant, in which are named
the 31 states, including the self-governments
of the British dominions,
which are to be the original members
of the league of nations, and 13' states
to be invited to accede to t:io covenant.
The original raraljrs axe all the na
tions which declared v.;.:- on Germany,
and, in addition, the new slates of
Czecho-Slovakia and Poland. Those
invited to become mcm crs by aeced
ing to the covenant are
the three I
Scandinavian countries, the Nether
lands. Switzerland, Spain and Persia,
and the American republics of Argen
tina, Chile. Colombia, Paraguay, Sal
vador and Venezuela
Mexico does not appear in the list.
Provision is made in the covenant,
however, for the admission to the
league of any fully self-governing
country which will give required guar
antees upon a two-thiras vote of the
As in the original cocument, the
covenant provides that tne league shall
act through an assembly, in which each
state shall have one vote and not more
than three delegates and a council,
comprising, lor the present, one repre
sentative for each of the five great
powers and each of four other powers,
to be selected from time to time by
the assembly.
Members of each class represented
on the council may be increased by
j unanimous consent of the council and
! of the majority of the assembly. The
i text provides that nothing in the cove
' nant shall be deemed to "affect the
validity of international engagements,
such as treaties of arbitration, or re
gional understandings, like the Mon
roe Doctrine, for securing the mainte
nance of peace."
This was the amendment for which
President Wilson made a successful
fight, at the same time the Japanese
delegation to the peace conference
sought vainly to have a race equality
provision inserted in the covenant.
Changes suggested in criticisms in
the United States senate: adopted pro
visions for the withdrawal of a member
nation upon two years' notice after
fulfilment of the league obligations;
exempt domestic questions from the
league's jurisdiction; provide that
mandatories over German colonies or
former Ottoman domiulons shall be
given only to nations willing to accept
them; leave it to member Btates to de
cide what armed, force. If any, it will
contribute to the force required by the
league to enforce ita mandates, and
make it clear that member states indi
vidually will pass upon proposed limi
tations upon their armaments. With
modifications, the new draft includes
all the provisions for the submission to
the council of international disputes,
for inviti-g non-member nations to ac
cept the obligations of members, for
theurpose of adjusting disputes, and
for breaking economic relations or the
use of armed force in dealing wan a
state which has broken the covenant.
Except in certain specified instances,
unanimous agreement is required for
all decisions.
WASHINGTON, April 27. The state
department made public tonight the
text of the revised covenant of the
league of nations, as it will be pre
sented tomorrow to the plenary ses
sion X)f the peace conference at Paris.
The text follows, with parenthetical
insertions showing changes made in
the covenant as originally drafted and
made public:
In order -to promote international!
co-operation and to achieve interna-j
tional peace and security by the ac-1
ceptance or obligations, not to resort
to war, by the prescription of just and
honorable relations between nations,
by the firm establishment of the un
derstandings of international law as to
actual rule of conduct among govern
ments and by the maintenance of jus
tice and a scrupulous respect for all
treaty obligations in the dealings of
organized people with one another, the
high contracting parties agree to this
covenant of the league of nations.
(In the original preamble the last
sentence read "adopt this consti
tution" instead of "agree to this
Article 1. The origin.- etters of the
league of nations shall be those of the
signatories which are named in the
annex to this covenant and also such
of those other states named in the
annex as shall accede without reserva
tion to this covenant. Such accessions
shall be effected by a declaration de
posited with the secretariat within two
months of the coming into force of the
covenant. Notice thereof shall be sent
to all the other members of the league.
Any fully self-governing state, do-,
minion or colony not named in the I
annex ms.y become a member of the!
league if its admission is agreed to by
two-thirds of the assembly, provided ,
ths.t it shall give effective guarantees !
of its sincere intention to observe its I
international obligations and shall ac- j
cept such regulations as may be pre- i
scribed by the league in regard to its ;
military and naval forces and arma- j
Any member of the league may, !
after two years notice of its intention j
so to do, withdraw from the league,;
provided that all its international ob- i
ligations and all its obligations under
this- covenant shall have been fulfilled
at the time of its withdrawal.
(This article is new, embodying
with atlerations and additions, the
old article seven. It provides more
specifically the method of admit
ting new members and adds the
entirely new paragraph P'Jviding
for withdrawal from thr;Seaoue.
No mention of withdrawal was
made in the original document.)
Article 2. The action of the leazim
under this covenant shall be effectiva
through the instrumentality of an as.
sembly and of a council, with perma
nent secretariat.
(Originally this was a part of
article one. It gives the name of
assembly to the gathering of rep
resentatives of the memoers of the
league formerly referred to merely
as "the body of delegates.")
Article 3. The assembly shall con
sist of representative! of the member!
of the league. . '
The assembly shall meet at stated
intervals and from time to time j.
occasion may require at the seat c
the league, or at such other places s.
may be decided upon. The assembly
may aeai ai us meetings witft any
matter within the sphere of action
the league or affecting the peace
the world.
At meetings of the assembly ear-'i
member of the league shall have on i
vote and may not have more than t-re--
(This embodies parts of the orig
inal articles one. two. and three
with only minor changes. It refers
to "members of the league" where
the term "high contracting parties"
originally was used, and this
change is followed throughout the
revised draft.
Article 4.. The council shall consit
of representatives of the United Stated
of America, of the British empire. cC
France, of Italy, and of Japan. togcth
with representatives of four other
members of the league. Tiicse fou
members of t he league shall be select"-1
by the assembly from time to time in
its dicretion. Until the appointment o."
the rej-resetnatives of the four mem
bers of the league first selected by tin;
assembly, representatives of (blank
shall be members cf the council.
With the approval of the majority of
the assembly the council may nam
additional members of the league whoso
representatives shall always be mem
bers of the eoucil; the council wit n liK
approval may increase the number cf
members of the league, to be Felectod
by the assembly for representation on
the council.
The council shall meet from time to
time as occasion may require, and nt
least once a year, at the seat of the
league, or at such other place as may
be decided upon.
The council may deal at its meetings
with any matter within the sphere of
action of the league or affecting the
peace of the world.
Any member of the league not repre
sented on the council shall be invited to
send a representative to sit as a mem
ber at any meeting of the council flar
ing the consideration of matters spe
cially affecting the interests of that
member of the league.
At meetings of the council each mem
ber of the league represented on lhe
council shall have one vote, and may
not have more than one representative.
(This embodies that part of the
original article three designating
the original members of the coun
cil. The paragraph providing for
increase in the membership of the ,
council is new.)
Article 5. Except where otherwise
expressly provided in this covenant,
decisions at any meeting of the assem
bly or of the council shall require tlu;
agreement of all the members of in;
league represented at the meeting.
AH matters of procedure at meetings
of the assembly or ef the council, tho
appointment of committees to investi
gate particular matters shall be regu
lated by the assembly or by the council
and may be decide by a majority of
the members of the league represented
at the meting.
The first meeting of the assembly
and the first meeting at the council
shall be summoned by the president of
the United States of America.
(The first paragraph requiring
unanimous agreement in both as
sembly and council except where
otherwise provided is new. The
other two paragraphs originally
were included in article 4.)
- Article 6. The permanent secre
tariat shall be established at the seat of
the league. The secretariat shall com
prise a secretariat general and such
secretaries and staff as may be re
quired. The first secretary general shall 1
the person named in the annex: there
after the secretary general shall be ap
pointed by the council with the ap
proval of the mapority of the assembly.
The secretariat and the staff of the
secretaries shall be appointed by th
secretary general with the approval of
the council.
The secretary general shall act in
that capacity at all meetings of the as
sembly and of the council.
The expenses of the secretariat shall
be borne by the members of the league
in. accordance with the apportionment
of the expenses of the international
bureau of the Universal postal union.
(This replaces the original article
5. In the orig.nal the appointmert
of the first secretary general was
left to the council and approval of
(Continued on Page Two)
Germans hurl fresh divis;ons
against the tired Allies to force ad
vances in the Picardy battle.
Continuously assaulting waves
force the Allies back from Mt. Kern
mel and Wystaeche.
Haig's "back to the wall" defense
desperately holds the Huns out of
Germans grind down Allies resist
ance in advances north of Lys.
Only first units of America's Na
tional Army being rushed to Ameri
can mobilization camps.

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