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AM INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL pnOENIX, ARIZONA, TUESDAY MORNING, APRIL 29, 1919 THIRTIETH YEAR 1G PAGES 1G PAGES VOL. XXX., NO. 3 THE ARIZONA RJ BLICAJN DFFIEIALS SEEM DISCOURAGED BY LOAN RESPONSE Total $200,000,000 Less Than: Fourth Percentage Sub- T scribed 18.65 Twelfth District Next To Lowest! On List St. Louis Heads j The Nation In Per Cent N. Y. In Volume British Troops Withdraw From City oj Fiume GENEVA, April 28. (3y The Associated Press) The battalion of British troops whibh occupied Fiume with the Italians, after the armistice left Fiume when the' Italian delegates to the peace con ference left Paris, according to advices from Agram, capital of Croatia and Slavonia. The reason for this action by the British is reported to be a desire to -avoid friction with the Italian troops. The dispatch adds that the Ital ians are reinforcing their troops in Central Istria. WASHINGTON', April 28. The na tion has subscribed $s:;9, 473,900 to the "- tnry-Liberty loan, according to tabulations announced tonight by the treasury. This figure, representing the. first week's business, is 18.03 r'r cent of the 54,500,000.000 total sought. Subscriptions by districts and per tntages of district quotas are as follows: District Subscription St, Louis ? 69,302,000 Chicago 172,969,000 Boston 90,710,000 Minneapolis .... 34,358,000 Kansas City .... 41,850,000 Cleveland 56,890.000 Richmond 38,295,000 Philadelphia ... 56,890.000 New York 201,000,000 Dallas 11,353,000 San Francisco.. 33,720,000 Atlanta 6,348,000 PUSHED III HANSEN Pet. 35.54 26.04 24.18 21.81 21.43 18.37 18.23 15.17 14.83 12.01 10.85 4.4 MREHICJW CHEW 10 GROSS A1UNTIC IS AMED BY THE IttVYt If Route By Air Via Azores Is Believed Xo Land Stops Contemplated B la nes Well Manned Tha proportion of the loan already SEATTLE, Wash., April 28. Knowl edge of the existence of an alleged plot among persons of suspected anarchistic tendencies, "to sret" Mayor Hie Hanson before he left on his Victory loan speaking tour, was admitted tonight by I'oiice Inspector C. G. Bannick. The inspector's statement followed the receipts today of a broken bomb in the mayors mail. Inspector Bannick said his information concerning the al leged plot came from police sources, among the so-called radical element The bomb, if is said, was only pre vented from exploding because the mayor's acting secretary turned it up side down spiliing out an acid. Had the acid dropped onto a substance be low it in the bottle-like bomb, a ter rific explosion would have followed. The bomb was turned over to postal authorities. It was postmarked New York and a return address given on the packing read "Novelty department. subscribed is a fraction of a greater than that raised at the cor responding time of the fourth loan campaign, although the amount is about $200,000,000 less, since the total of tlij fourth loan was greater. This looks rather discouraging for the Victory-Liberty loan," said the treasury's daily review, "and the most hopeful sign connected with the situ ation is that some of the remote dis tricts are slow in reporting their sales, to headquarters. This is particularly true in the Atlanta district." New York City has subscribed al most four times as much as the rest ic; the district in which it is located, having a total of $ir.S, 000,000, while the rest of the district has subscribed approximately $45,000, 0W. o per cent Gimbel Brothers, New York City." SENATORS FDR 10 iliSI (MINT Reach El Paso EL PASO, April 28. The 158th infantry, composed of Arizona and New Mexico troops, may not ar rive at Camp Owen Bierne, Fort Bliss, until late Wednesday, ac cording to information received here tonight. If the troop trains carry ing the regiment does not arrive here until late Wednesday, the wel come celebration in their honor here Wednesday afternoon will be post poned one day, and Governors Campbell and Larrazolo will be in duced to remain here another day. The troops had not reached St. Louis today, according to informa tion received here tonight. Governor Camubell who arrived at noon today, spoke to a great crowd in Cleveland square tonight on the Victory-Loan. Preceding his speech, he was entertained at din ner at the University club. Tomor row he will be one of the speakers at the Victory loan luncheon, with Governor Larrazolo, who will arrive from Santa Fe tomorrow morning. A review will be given in honor of the two governors by Brigadier General James B. Erwin at Fort Bliss tomorrow afternoon. BURLESON FLOPS TO PRIVATE OWNERSHIP OF WIRE Hun Delegates Beginning To Land In Paris AT coKis: Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK, April 28. The navy department announced today the per sonnel of the aviation crews five men to a plane who will attempt early next month to cross the Atlantic m three huge hydroairplanes. Commander J. H. Towers, Lieutenant-Commander A. C Reed and Lieutenant-Commander P. N. L. Bellinger, will be the plane commanders, with the first named in general charge of the expedition. The airships, the N'C-1, NC-3 and NC4. after a flight from their home station at Rockaway point on Long; Island, to a base established by the navy on the New Foundland coast, will set out together in an attempt to reach an European destination not yet made public. It is generally believed the planes will touch at the Azores and again off the Portuguese coast, tnere resuming the air cruise to the British Iseles. No land stops will be made. "Wherever the machines descend, they will be moored while awaiting a re sumption of the flight, as erection of appliances to haul the craft out of the i water would require much time and! entail heavy expense. The planes, only c ne of which is ! now in operation, have a span of 1 26 j feet and are driven by four high com pression Liberty motors. The 1,150 mile flight to New Foundland, which is not consiaerea pan oi tne ocean , liondaran anjy, is under arrest here voyage will be taken m easy stages. on a federal cnarRe in connection with Five Men to a !rew ) the alleged embezzlement of funds of The airships' crews, the commander j the Santa Rosa National bank, stated, would include a commanding An indictment against Somozo in officer, navigator, two pilots and a connection with the Santa Rosa N'a- Annual Report Recommend- j ed U. S. Control Now! Advises President To Re-; turn Properties By. May j 10, To Owners. j VERSAILLES. April 28. (Havas). A large number of Ger man delegates who are to attend the peace congress arrived here this eveninq at 9 o'clock. The par ty numbered 60. Immediately on their arrival, the delegates were taken in automobiles to the Hotel des Reservoirs. There was no un toward incident. The main plenipotentiaries the technical delegates, who complete the full delegation, expected to arrive tomorrow. and will are BNK I E1EZZLEII SANTA ROSA, Calif.. April 28. Hernando Somozo, son-in-law of the late former President Sierra of Hon duras and a former general in the II B HOLLAND TO HELD PERSON H0H1LE1 TRepublican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, April 28. Although the peace conference today failed to take up the question of responsibility for the war, officials here were unani mous today in the belief that the peace treaty, as delivered to the German plenipotentaries, will call for the trial of William Hohenzollern, former em peror of Germany, before a court ot the. associated powers. Trial of the former emperor for "a nupre.me offense against international morality and the sanctity of treaties," the state department announced today, had been included in the recommenda tions of the peace conference committee on responsibility. These rerommenda tions are embodied in four articles which were made public by the state department without comment ana which the commission proposes to in Pert in the final treaty. The articles specify that the former emperor is not to be tried "for an of fense against criminal law, and that the international court, shall be com posed of five judges appointed by Great Britain, United States, Japan Italy and France. It is further pro vided that the associated governments shall request Holland to deliver up the former emperor. The commission's recommendations also provide that all persons accused of acts in violation of the international rules cf warfare shall be brought be fore international tribunals. Some officials today said, this pro vision would ?ring before the associ ated governments other members of the house of Hohenzollern, and other leaders of extreme cruelty, as Gereral von Bissing, military governor of Bel glum, and Admiral von Tirpitz, who conceived and advocated the subma rine campaign. o WASHINGTON, April 28. The re vised covenant of the league of nations should remove every possible objection of any sincere objector, said Senator Pittman of Nevada, democrat. member ot tne senate iore;gn reauuus committee. "It would seem that any future op position cannot be based upon sound reasoning. The treaty, including the league of nations, in my opinion, will be speedily ratified by the senate." Although declaring he favored some kind of a league of nations. Senator Sherman of Illinois, republican, and one of the signers of the Lodge reso lution, announced that he would not support the covenant as revised. The Illinois senator said he objected especially to article 16 as to financial provisions, and said that a two-year withdrawal notice was too long. Senator Sherman declared that the league covenant as revised still retains the right of the league's super-sovereignty over member nations. Article 15 and some of the related articles, he said, remove from congress the nower to control the finances and domestic affairs of the United States. The league, he said, cannot amend the United States constitution in any re spect. o TOWN'ASKS FOR MILITIA radio oificer. In addition, a reserve pilot will board each plane for the trip to New Foundland to assist in adjust ing minor defects in the mechanism, if any occur, and to meet an emerg ency such as illness among the regu lar crews. In addition to the commanders. Commander Towers announced the personnel of the expedition as follows: Crew No. 1: Pilot, captain H. C. Riehardsen: pilot. Lieutenant D. H. McCullough; radio operator. Lieuten ant Commander R. A. Lavendery; en- ajUl gineer, maemmst, i,. j t. jvtoore; reserve 'mint enErtnepr ipntnnnr h! T?lmHca Crew No. 2: Pilot, Lieutenant E. F. Stone; pilot. Lieutenant W. Hint; radio operator. Ensign H. c. Rodd; engineer. Chief Special Mechanic F. H. Howard; reserve pilot engineer, Lieutenant J. L. Breese. Crew No. S: Pilot, Lieutenant Com mander II. A. Mitseher; pilot. Lieu tenant L. T. Barrin; radio operator. Lieutenant H. Sandenwater; engineer, Chief Machinists' Mate C. I. Kesler; reserve pilot engineer, Machinist E. Christensen. WASHINGTON. April 28. Lieuten ant Commander Richard Evelyn Byrd, Jr who assisted in the preparation of planes for the trans-Atlantic flight, will make the trip from Rockaway beach. Long Island, to New Foundland, but will not go over seas. Commander Byrd will go to New Foundland to observe the working of instruments to be used in the voyage. tional bank case was returned in Sac ramento last week. According to the district attorney's office, it is charged that Somozo, a wealthy rancher and owner of large tracts near here, secured large sums of money from the bank through con nections with Frank A. Brush, son of the late president of the bank, and who is under arrest. Somozo came here about six years ago. During the administration of President Sierra in Honduras, 1900 to 1904, Somozo was a general in the Honduras arrqy and married one of Sierra's daughters. Bench warrants were also served upon Frank -A. Brush, William C. Grant and H. K. Loughery, who were officers of the bank and are under in dictment in connection with the al leged embezzlement cf $728,208 from the bank. Arraignment is set before United States Judge Van Fleet at Sacramento next Thursday. Somozo, Grant and Loughery were charged with peculations extending over a period between May. 1916, and September, 1918, when national bank examiners took charge of the institu tion. The indictments -were returned against them at the same time that Frank Brush, former cashier of the bank, was charged in a separate in dictment with embezzlement of $204,000 of the bank's funds. The Brush indictment was returned April Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, April 2S. The gov ernment s preparing to relinquish control next month of American cable lines and to restore the telegraph and I telephone systems to private owner- j ship, immediately after enactment by j congress of laws necessary to safe- j guard " the properties. i Postmaster General Burleson, as di- I recting head of the wire communica tion service, taken over as a war meas ure, announced -today he had recom mended to President Wilson that the cables be turned back forthwith, prob ably not later than May 10. Ail hour later the postmaster general gaVe out a statement saying he would recom mend that the telephone and telegraph should he returned to private owner ship, contingent on financial protec tion to be obtained from congress. It was explained by Burleson that no leg islation was necessary in the case of the cable companies properties. In the matter of land service, the solution of the problem will be put squarely up to congress. Coming so soon after the recommendation in his annual re port that the telephone and telegraph lines become government owned at the conclusion of peace, the postmaster general's announcement created un usual interest. Postoffice department officials ex pressed the belief that few of the com panies could weather the financial storm, if the properties were turned back without remedial legislation. Some officials said that while the properties must be returned in the same physical condition in which they were taken over, to do this now. with out added revenue to meet wage de mands and increased cost of operation, would wreck the entire industry. Officials repsonsible for the man agement of the properties under gov ernment control declined to suggest exactly what sort of legislation would be necessary. Republicans in con gress have made no secret of their in tention at the forthcoming extra sea VERSAILLES. April 28. The second installment of Germans who are to attend the peace congress, arrived here, at 10 o'clock tonight. The party included a large number of women stenographers and typists. IS ADOPTED IT PLEMTSESSI ! On Motion of U. S. President Document Is Approved Sir James Eric Drumrncnd Eeeomes First Secretary General Other Amend ments Withdrawn EUROPE At a Glance By the Associated Press The revised covenant of the league of nations has been adopted at a ple nary session of the peace conference. Sir Erie Drummond is to be the first secretary -general of the league, the headquarters of which will be Geneva, Switzerland. Japan's ambitions for a clause, in the covenant dealing with racial equality were not 'satisfied, and the desires of France for an international police force and limitation and verification of armaments were not fulfilled. Both Japan and France withdrew their pro posed amendments and it is reported that the league of nations itself later will pass upon the merits of the re spective claims. Incorporated in the peace treaty are two momentous clauses. These call' for the trial of the former German em peror by an international tribunal, consisting of five judges, on a charge of "a supreme offense against interna tional morality and sanctity of treat ies," and tor a trial by military courts of German officers who may lie ac cused of having violated the laws and customs of war. The surrender of William Hohen zollern, who is in Holland, and the other persons required by the courts, is to be demanded by the powers. The German peace delegation has arrived at Versailles to receive the peace treaty. 1 "resident Ador of gnrd to Italy's claims to Krane and one report is that he has been re quested to become the erbitxator in re- sion, to press for the imrncdialere-, 1q Uay.g Hajms ,o Mume , turn of the agement. service to private man- TO III II 111 PLANTS I the Dalmatian coast. Another report, j however, states that his visit is in con ' nection with the inauguration of the j work of the league of nations. I Considerable fighting has taken ! place in Bremen, where Spartacan I forces made an unsuccessful attempt j to capUire the city. BONDS FOR I. W. W. BAIL TEI'.RE HAUTE, Ind., April 28. In response to an appeal of the authori ties of Linton, Ind., a mining town of Southwestern Indiana, a company of military from Sullivan, Ind., .has been ordered by the state authorities to pro ceed to Linton to quell a riot, said to lie the result of a strike of miners there. Another militia, company here is being mobilized. Wilson Speaks In Support Of Motion To Adopt Charter NEWS EPITOIV1E FOREIGN Covenant that may mean permanent world peace adopted by the full council. President Wilson moves adoption of document and speaks for it vigor ously. Holland is to be asked to deliver former emperor up for trial. IH PRICES IS DIS STJTEBT Republican A. P. Leased Wire ST. LOUIS, April 28. High prices j continue without the slightest reason , under the sun, A. W. Douglas of St. Louis, chief statistician of the chamber j of commerce of the United States, told j the representatives of a thousand I American trade organizations in con vention here tonight. He added that there had already been some decline and declared that if the law of supply and demand were given freedom of operation, the de cline would continue until a normal level was reached. Then, in touching on transportation and its effect on business, he brought the delegates to their feet in a burst of applause, when he declared that "the. unfortunate state to which trans portation has fallen under government control is a splendid example of in competence and extravagance." TrtUfPaTTfl Speaking before the national coun- - U11U . f the rhnmher Mr TtnneMLS Treasury officials indicate discour- j pointed to the government estimate of agement over small subscriptions; 900.000,000 bushels of winter wheat. to loan Postmaster General Burleson sud denly flops to private ownership of wires. American crew to cross Atlantic by airplane is announced by navy department. Dangerous bomb is mailed to Mayor Hansen of Seattle. No reason under the sun for high prices is statement of St. Louis Man. LOCAL Home-coming Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS. April 28. Following is the text of President Wilson's speech be fore the plenary session of the peace conference today: "Mr. President: When the text of the covenant of the league cf nations was last laid before you, I had the honor of reading the covenant in ex tenso. I will not detain you today to read the covenant as it has now been altered, but will merely take the lib erty of explaining to you some of the alterations that have been made. "The report of the commission has been circulated. You yourselves have in hand the text of the covenant, and will no doubt have noticed that most of the changes that have been made are mere changes of phraseology, not j i changes of substance and tnat, Desiaes j - thaL most of the changes are intended j ; to clarify the document or rather, to ; i make explicit what we all have assumed ; was implicit in the document as it was j originally presented to you. But 1 1 shall take the liberty of calling your j attention to the new features such as j they are. Some of them are consider-! able, the rest trivial. i "The first paragraph of article 1, Is ! new. In view of tne Insertion oi ine covenant in the peace treaty, specific provision as to the signatories of the treaty who would become members of the league, and also as to neutral states to be invited to accede to the covenant, ' were cbviously necessary. The para- graph also provides for the method i by which a neutral state may accede ! to the covenant. j . Explains New Additions j "The third paragraph of article 4 j is new, providing for a possible in-1 crease in the council, should other j powers be added to the league of na- j tions whose present accession is not i anticipated. ! "The two last paragraphs of article 4 are new, providing specifically for one vote for each member of the league in the council, which was understood before, and providing also for one rep resentative of each member of the league. "The first paragraph of article 5 is j new, expressly incorporating the pro-1 I vision as to the unanimity of voting. wmcn was at tirst taken tor granted.! "The second pa -agraph of article 6 t has had added to it that a maiority i latterly been called 'Justiciable' ques tions. Clarifies Domestic Problems "The eighth paragraph of article 15 ( Continued on .Page Two) WASHINGTON, April 2 8. Plans of the war department to prevent the country again being found lacking in facilities for the manufacture of ar tillerv and munitions, were made pub lic tonight with the announcement that ! it is proposed to retain thirteen and possibly fifteen of the present 46 ord nance manufacturing plants, created or enlarged during the war. The pJanS which the department has definitely decided upon for per manent maintenance, include the ar senals at Springfield. Jlass, Kdgewood, Mr., Rock Island, Illinois, Watervliet, N. Y., Watertown, Mass.. Old Hickory', N. Y.. Amatol, N. J., TuIIytown. N. J., Frankfort, Pa.. Rochester, N. Y.. Krie. Pa., Chicago (shell machine plant) and Madison, Wisconsin. Approval by con gress of plans for the maintenance of plants at East Springfield, Mass., and Detroit, Mich., will be sought at the coming session. CHICAGO. April 2.8. Ten-thousand dollars' worth of Liberty bonds were placed before Federal Judge Landis to day, as part bail for three members of the I. W. W.. who were convicted here last fall of violating the espionage act. The Liberty bonds were fur nished by Olga Lankki of Minneapolis, as bail for ,eo Lankki. Bond to the amount of $10,000 also was furnished for John Panoner and $1,000 for Petro Nigro. The three men now are- in the Leavenworth. Kansas, penitentiary and an order for their release was sent there today. ( DENY PAGE RUMOR PARIS, April 28. (By the Associat ed Press.) No credence is given at the "White House" to the statement that Thomas Nelson Page, the Ameri can ambassador to Italy, is coming to Paris on account of difficulties with the president over the Fiume ques tions. It is declared that nothing is known of any such differences. He Put It In His PiDe and Smoked It and declared there will be more grain j available for export than our ships could move, and added that there more livestock in the country than ever before. The national councillors adopted a resolution advocating- a budget system tor tne government anu. i of the assembly must approve the ap- rtuunimt.iun.b 1 j pointment of the secreTai V-general. i carry on a campaign in behalf of the .Tllo tirst parfufl.apn of artie!e l project in all parts of the country. names r;eneva as the seat of the league ! and is followed by a second paragraph, j TO RELEASE GERMANS of Arizona service! men to Be ceieDraiea in r-noenix ; with Victory day on May 10. PARIS, April 28. (Havas.) The council of five, at its meeting Satur day, La Liberte says, agreed that the German war prisoners shall be liber- Biogest building boom in history ot i ntert alter the signing ot tne peace Phoenix now under way here. ! treaty. The newspaper says that de- Woman' club to close season tcday. ! tails concerning the future status of But one-sixth of city and county! the Kid canal have not yet heen sct quota reached in Victory loan j tied, but that an agreement has been campaign. , reached on the principle of inlerna- Fail to get jury in Newman trial. i tionalization. which gives the council power to es- i tablish the sent of the league els?-) where, should it t ubseipjcntly deem it' necessary. , "The Third paragraph of article T 'isi new. establishing equality of emplo - ! ment of men and women, that is to say. ' by the league. "The second paragraph of article 13 i is new. inmucU as it underlakes to ; give iiivtancs of disputes which an ' generally suitable tor submission to, arbitration, instances ot what' havej PARIS. April 28 (By the Associated Press). The covenant of the league of nations in revised form, moved lu President Wilson, was adopted today b , the peace conference in plenary session, without a dissenting vote. The presi dent's motion also named Sir Jamrs Eric Drummond, as secretary genera! of the league, and provided for a com mittee to inaugurate the league. Thus one of the notable works of the conference passes its final stage and is incorporated in the peace treaty. The French and Japanese amend ments, after a brief discussion, were not pressed, and the way was thus cleared for unanimous acceptance of the league. Italy was not represented as the session, but the name of Italv appears as one of the members of the league in the covenant as finally adopt -ed. Nine labor principles were adopted for insertion in the treaties. The ses sion adjourned without considering the report on responsibilities, providing for the trial of the former German emperor by five judges from the great powers. This report was handed in ty the council of four and embodies in the peace treaty a provision for the former em peror's prosecution. This, however. h;n not as yet Iwo adopted by tho plenary of O mi sua I Interest The session opened at 3 o'clock Or! afternoon in the French foreign ofHcn rmder circumstances of unusual inter est, because of the fact that it was to be one of the last sessions before the meeting with the German delegates at Versailles; that final action was to be taken on some of the main features of the peace treaty, notably the league, of nations, responsibility for the war. and the trial of the former German emperor and others, and because im portant labor clauses were to be in -serted hi the treaty. President Wilson was recognized a t the ootset for a detailed explanation of the new covenant. His speech confirmed the explanation of the textual changes and named Bel gium, Brazil, Greece and Spain on the league council, and also on the com mittee to prepare plans for the first meeting ot the league. Baron Makino, head of the .Tap.mes" delegation, in a brief speech, called renewed attention to the Japanese amendment on racial equality. He said that the race question was a standing grievance, which might become a dan gerous issue at any time, and an nounced that an effort would be maie to have the people of racial equality adopted as part of the document. Paul Hymans, repre-Tnting Belgium, expressed the regret of the Belgian people at the selection of Geneva the seat of the league of nations, whil -approving the high aims of the league. The Uruguayan delegate announce,! the adhesion of his country to th league. Leon Bourgeois, for France, renewed two amendments tending to give France additional security. One provided for the creation of a committee to ascer tain and exchange military and naval programs, information regarding arma ments and similar matters. The other provided for "a. permanent organization for the purpose of considering and pro viding for naval and military measures to enforce obligations arising for the high contracting parties under th- covenant, making it immediately oper ative in all cases of emergency." M. Bourgeois arsraed that such se curity was essential to France, because, of the extended frontiers of that coun try, which as President Wilson had de clared in the French senate, were the frontiers of the world's liberties. The amendments of M. Bourgeois however, were not pressed. M. Clemenceau then put the question of the adoption of President Wilson's motion, which prevailed without a formal vote. The covenant was declared adopted and the session proceeded to tb labor report, reciting nine principles for in (Continued on Page Two) ONE HUNDRED PER FIRMS CENT Armour 4 Co. B. F. Goodrich Co. Phoenix Wholesale Meat Co. Public Library. MacArthur Brothers. Rose Tree. Warren Brother. National Bank of Arizona Arizona Eastern R. R. Co. Attorney Genera Ps Office. Ariz. Machinery Co. Kunz Bros. & Messinger. Arizona Iron Work Ariz. Automotive Supply Co. Mohrdieck's Garage & Mach. Shop Citizen's Bank. Adjutant General's Office. Tribolet Packing Co. Palace Hardware & Arms Co. IS YOUR FIRM LISTED HERE? IF NOT, WHY NOT? ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Battle tired British troops forced back to lines of 1914 in Flanders fighting. German storm troops reach Voor mezeele, two miles south of Ypres. Artillery storm batters allied lines clinging to defense of channel ports. Germans test mettle of allied troops at St. Mihiel with trench raid. Troops of the old regular U. S. army reach France in small num bers. SUBSCRIBE NOW TO THE VICTORY LIBERTY LOAN WHAT YOU WOULD HAVE PAID FOR VICTORY THEN.