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AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL THIRTIETH YEAR 14 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, MAY 7, 1919 14 PAGES VOL. XXX., NO. 11 PFICF RAILROAD DEFICIT JAPANESE FGESS iS Let's Fiiiish the Job .742, THE : 1 1 -i mm. m FtETEDIi I Stage Set For World's Greatest Drama Closing; Scenes of Historic Trag-i edy Begin Today Fin- j ished Treaty Goes To Ger mans This Afternoon ! Republican A. P. Leased Wire! TAP. IS, May 6. The plenary peace conferences completed its work today, s. fur as Germany is concerned, and at a secret plenary session communicated the funs of the peace treaty to all the powers represented at the. confer ence. Thin was the last act before de livery of the treaty to the Germans at Yi rsuilles tomorrow. The session was li id in ihe foreign office with the same silling and distinguished per sonnel as at previous public sessions, e.ei pt in the rase of Italy, which to day was represented by Dr. Silvio ( resni, the former food administrator, p'niiins the arrival of Premier Or lando and foreign minister Sonnino tomorrow . 11. ("lenienceau presided, with Presi dent "Wilson at his right and Premier Lloyd Oorsw at his left, and the entire membership of the. conference grouped! around the table. Enormous throngs surrounded the foreign office, watch in? the arrival of the delegates. Those who assembled within the building in cluded .Marshal Koch and the British vice-admiral. Sir Rosslyn Wcmyss, With their staffs. Session Strictly Secret While tile session was a secret one, it, is understood that Captain Andre Tardif-u, representing France, ex plained the provisions of the .docu ment and was questioned from time to time, the explanations given being full aad free. Captain Andre Tardieu read a sum mary of the treaty, as the complete printed text was not ready when the 3tdon uas called. One of the notable features incorporated in the treaty was that dealing with the responsibility of former Emperor "William for causing ths war, and providing fur his trial by a court of five judges from the great powers. "When the reading o the sum mary was concluded, reservations were made in behalf of Portugal, China, Italy and I'Yance, although these res ervations are understood as applicable to viewpoints on various phases of the treaty, rather than as objections to the adoption of the pact as a whole. Nations Record Reservations Portugal objerted to what were said to be clauses giving insufficient finan cial recognition for the part she had taken in the war. China's objection was made by her foreign minister, who said that in the opinion of the Chinese! delegation, the Kaio Chau settlement j was made without regard to justice for j China or the. protect ion of China's ter ritorial integrity, ile asked for a re ' consideration of the question, and if that were impossible, desired to make reservations on the part of China. ! Signor Crespi, speaking for Italy, said he desired t" make reservations re garding any section of the treaty that might not be acceptable to Italy. No action was taken on these reservations. The session was held under condi tions of unusual secrecy, all doors and windows being closed despite the fact that the day was exceptionally warm. The reading of ihe summary began in French, an English interpretation be ing given Jated. When it was observed that many of the delegates were not following the English interpretation, A. J. Balfour, British secretary o state for foreign affairs, said that this would be abandoned and that the digest would, from that point on, be pre S'tnted in French only. Preservations presented raises the question whether they will be main tained in signing the treaty by the nations making them, and whether the conference w ill permit signatures with reservations. While this contingency is being discussed, the reservations are not expected to interfere with the pro cedure of presenting the treaty to the Germarc HOGS BRING RECORD PRICE TOUT WORTH, Tex., Way 6. The highest price for hogs in the history of the Fort Worth market was reported today, when three car loads brought $20.75 per hundred pounds. This is 15 cents higher than the record for the year, and five cents higher than for any previous year. NEWEPlfOME FOREIGN Plenary conference has finished Germans jt& work; treaty goes to Germans to- day; last act of world tragedy is; : being staged Japanese press shows bitter jealousy over increasing prestige of the United States. British trans-Atlantic aspirants show small calibre by criticism of United States flight plans. DOMESTIC Victory loan passes two billion mark and starts on discouraging home stretch. Mental weakness is defense an nounced by attorneys for Ruth' Garrison. Carranza begins active warfare on Villa. LOCAL Court restraining order ends move to ' oust Col. C. W. Harris from office of adjutant general. Volunteer Day gives Victory loan a push, but city is still lagging. Measures to top quota in a whirl- wind finish are announced. J. D. Newman tells story of Hoctor killing on the stand in his own de fense. Never at front as a unit, 158th men saw action with other detach ments; CoU S. M. Saltmarch tells their story. BOLD STATEMENT Director Hines Discusses Conditions Calls Atten tion to Decreased Busi nessShows Impossibility of Reducing Cost to Equal ize Loss WASHINGTON, May 6. Director General Hines, in a discussion of re cent railroad earnings, today disclosed that: The government's deficit in op erating the railroads for tha first three months this year, or the dif ference between net earnings and one-fourth of the guaranteed an nual compensation, was about $192,000,000 for all roads under fed eral management. The government's loss for 1918 was $226,000,000. The entire government loss in curred in 15 months of federal operation was $418,000,000. Marked reduction of traffic un der records of similar periods of the last two years were respon sible for the bad financial show ing, and conditions in April, though not yet reported fully, show no promise of improvement. Despite the big government deficits the director general does not contem plate any general increase in the level of rates, but prefers to wait restora tion of normal business conditions. The government also incurred a def icit of about JK.540,000 in eight months' operation of the American Railroad Express company, the consolidated ex press corporation, up to March 1, 1919. "The present unfavorable results naturally lead to agitation of , the question whether there ought to be an increa.se of rates," said Mr. Hines in his statement. Conditions too Abnormal "My own judgment is that the pres ent conditions are too abnormal to serve as a basis for any general change in the level of rates and that it is preferable to defer action on that sub ject until there shall have been a fuller opportunity to get a more re liable, and possibly a more normal measure of the conditions, meanwhile resorting to every practicable econ omy, studying the -situation with the greatest care, and keeping tho public fully informed as to developments." The deficit of $182,000,000. incurred by the government in January, Febru ary and March, as figured by Mr. Hines greatly exceeded the estimate made public earlier in the day by the bureau of railroad economics, because Mr. Hines calculated the government com pensation for the three months as three-twelfths of the annual compen sation. The bureau of railroad eco nomics calculated each month's share on the basis of the averages for that month in the three pre-war years. The administration's figures also included small roads, not incluedd in the so-, called class one, which under govern ment control, and also expenses of the central administration and cost of operating inland waterways. Mr. Hines explained that his system of calculating tended to show the rail road administration's position rather at a disadvantage for the first threo months, but added: "Still it seems preferable to charge a full one-twelfth of the rental inro each of these months, rather than to run the risk of an impression arising that there is any disposition to under state the actual results. Business has Decreased "To a large extent the unfavorable results for January, February and March are due to the fact that business has fallen off and that expenses could not be correspondingly readjusted, so that the loss largely arises in connec tion with the period of readjustment through which the country is going. Industrial enterprises generally have suffered embarrassment on account of the fact that ' business has been cur tailed so much more rapidly than ex penses could be curtailed. The rail road business is probably in its nature less elastic than any other business and shows more unfavorably the embar rassment ot readjustment. "The entire railroad organization has been and is working most earnestly to readjust these costs to meet the present conditions, but the nature of the rail road business, whether under private or public control, is such that to a very large extent, it is impossible to offset loss in business by a corresponding re duction in costs. On the other hand, when there shall be a substantial in crease in business, the revenues there from will be largely reflected in the net, because the costs will not be corre spondingly increased. It is believed that this improvement will be consider ably emphasized by reason of the fact that maintenance work has been car ried forward during the favorable 1 weather of January, February and March, on a liberal basis despite un- lavornoie business, ana mis snouia oe costs later in the year. "In the midst of the present period of post-war readjustment, it is impos sible to make any confident statement as to the results of the railroad opera tions for the remainder of this calendar year. "It is my policy to give the public the facts, and where the inference to be drawn is doubtful, to resolve the doubt in such way as to avoid the risk of making a statement more favorable than the ultimate facts will justify." CLOSE BUT NOT CONCEDE BUENOS AIRES, Iiay 6. The man agers of commercial ana industrial en terprises in Buenos Aires announce that they probably will close all busi ness houses, in view of the unreason able demands of the striking employes. MESCAL FIGHT FATAL NOGALES, Ariz.. May . Two kill ings were reported hei- today as the result of the cinco do Mayo celebra tion in Nogales, Sonora, yesterday. Both occurred during gun fights which followed promiscuous drinking of mescal, a large quantity of which is said to have been smucsied in from Siaaloa. iTISHIIfl PHD ST if FLIGHT EFFORTS Republican A. P. Leased Wire ST. JOHNS, May 6 The British aviators, Harry Hawker and Captain Frederick P. Raynham, today were in clined to belittle the coming attempt of United States navy seaplanes to cross the Atlantic. Hawker declared he will wager that any fast steamer leaving New York on the same day as the "Nancies" of the navy will beat them to England. The British airmen here appear skeptical of the ability of the Liberty motors to stand the test of the long flight. Captain Charles W. F. Morgan, Raynham's navigator, signing himself "Captain C. W. F. Morgan, R. A. F., F. R. G. S." announced responsibility for and attached his signature to an article printed in the St. Johns Daily Star this afternoon, which asserted that the American navy's flying boats j ... ..... I would prove nothing practically or theoretically. The article said in part: "At no time during their flight will the American planes be out of sight of a ship, as the Ameirean navy is put ting a ship every fifty miles of the way, which means that the machines never will be more than 2o miles from a ship. This eliminates any risk and also does away with any need of navigation. The Americans might just as well fly the English channel fifty times, an ordin ary exploit these days. The flight proves nothing practically or theoret ically. The personal guidance of the pilot does not rule into the o-uestion, as the machines can land at any time alongside a ship, rest and proceed. They are also able at any time to re plenish their petrol tanks." The article adds a reference to the fact that local interest is "all for the Americans'" and says: "This seems rather unfair, and we should like to believe it untrue." Local interest has turned to the progress of the United States navy's flight and St. Johns papers are carry ing columns from Trespassey bay, as against paragarphs regarding the pro ject of the Britishers here. Weather Defers Start NEW YORK. May 6. No attempt will be made tomorrow by the United States navy's trans-atlantic aviators to start on the first leg of their journey, because of adverse weather conditions It was announced tonight by Com mander John H. Towers, flight com mander. Reports received at the Rockaway Point station of bad weather along the coast, between here and Trespassey bay, dashed hopes entertained during the day that the planes would start to Halifax in the morning. The first NC plane to start on the trans-atlantic flight will carry a Victory loan mes sage from Secretary of the Treasury Glass to President Wilson, it was an nounced today. o E 10 BE PERSHING HOST LONDON, May 6. tEy The Associ ated Press) General John J. Pershing, commander-in-chief of the American expeditionary forces, is coming to Eng land on May 22 as the guest ot the na tion. He will officially thank Britain for what she did to make comfortable more than a million troops passing through England on the way to France. For two days he will be the official guest of the nation, but he will remain several days more, during which he will be extensively entertained. With several other American gener als, the commander-in-chief will cross oh a British destroyer. He will be met at the London station by a guard of honor and will pass through troop lined streets to the hotel, where he will make his headquarters. At the parade of the horse guards. General Pershing will decorate with the American's distinguished service medal Eritish officers who won honors with the American army. On May 24 (the anniversary of the birth of Queen Victoria) a full regiment of Americans, accompanied by an equal number of British, will march through the citv past Buckingham Palace, where the king will take the salute. This regi ment probably will be one from the ar my of occupation. MAYOR WOODMAN LEADS LOS ANGELES. Cal.. May 6. Re turns from the Los Angeles municipal primaries, available at 8 o'clock tonight, an hour after the polls had closed, in dicated Mayor F. T. Woodman, ac quitted last Friday of a charge of brib ery, whould be one of the two nominees for mayor at the city election next Month. Three of his opponents, Sylvester L. Weaver, Gesner Williams and Meredith P. Snyder, former mayor, were running so close that it was simply a matter of waiting to learn who would make the race with Woodman. APPdlNT WOMAN MEMBER SANTA FE, N. M-. May 6. Chairman Arthur Seligman of the democratic state central committee has appointed Mrs. EUer E. Veeder of Las Vegas vice chairman. New Mexico is tlie first "non-voting state" where women have been officially recognized in this man ner by, the central committee. Mrs. Veeder will attend the meeting of the national committee in Chicago May 2S and 29. m I JUKI BIS EEnnu.s, Bitter Attacks Arouse Peo pleVicious Assaults Pre vented By Active Police Better Class Deplore Cam paign TOKIO, May 7 (By the Associated Press). The anti-American campaign in the Japanese press continues with renewed force. No serius overt acts have been commited against Americans or American property, but the news paper agitation is exciting popular feeling against America and thus pav ing the way to possible open demon strations. Representative Japanese deplore the press campaign and have begun to criticise the government for its failure to check the literary outbursts. The participants, in a mass meeting held Sunday, at which some anti American speeches were delivered, an nounced their intention of continuing the demonstration in front of the American embassy. The police, how ever, prevented this step. The belief is expressed that the basis for the agitation is fear of the growing t o. . . ; influence of the United States in in ternational affairs, and that it will act as a curb on Japan's aspirations in China and Siberia. Blame U. S. For Korean Status After declaring that renewed at tempts for anti-Japanese legislation on the Pacific slope indicate that the ! Americans persecute Japanese in ev erything, while wearing the mask of liberty and fairness, the Huchi Shim bun charges the Americans with hav ing incited the Chinese to make the secret treaties public, and also accuse American missionaries of fomenting the Korean insurrection. The Yoredzu Choho says the Amer icans responsible for anti-Japanese legislation are nothing more than bar barians. "Hypocrite," "despot," "transformed kaiser," "man with, the voice of an angel, but with deeds of the deviV are some of the epithets applied by the newspapers to President Wilson. Today's newspapers print articles accusing Americans and British in China with exciting the Chinese to the recent Chinese-Japanese agitation in Peking. At a meeting of the Kokuminto party, held in Osaka, a resolution was passed declaring that recognition of the Mon roe doctrine by the league of nations should be interpreted as recognizing Japan's predominance in the Far East. o Frisco Closes Up to Hasten Victory Loan SAN FRANCISCO, May 6. All San Francisco schools are to close Friday to enable pupils and teach ers to work for the Victory-Liberty loan, which is lagging here, the board of education announced to day. The high school students will suspend activities Thursday after noon for a Victory loan meeting at the civic auditorium. Advices that Mayor Rolph of San San Francisco had closed the schools and city and county offices of that city yesterday in an effort to have everybody work for the loan were received at Victory loan headquarters here yesterday and aroused much interest, as Phoenix is farther behind proportionately, in her kuota than the coast city. It was freely admitted that meas ures equally arbitrary might be taken here to push the local loan acmpaign "over the top." SELL lIuTsJiRWIY WASHINGTON, May 6 Approval of twelve army camps eight national guard concentration sites, and four small miscellaneous camps for a totai of more than $548,000, was announced today by Acting Secretary of War Crowell. War department officials showed satisfaction over the results, the ma ferial covered by the sale consisting al most exclusively of hastily constructed buildings and some stored equipment. The government reserved for its own use the base hospitals and storage warehouses. Forty-four bids were received from 35 individuals and corporations, the larg est single proposal being fromone large wrecking company, which offered to take ad the canips for a price approx imating $540,000. This proposal was rejected largely because of the desire of the department to turn over to cities adjacent to certain camps, the sanitary and other utilities which could be used advantageously for the benefit of their populations. . o TO EASE BELGIAN LOANS . WASHINGTON, May 6. The Bel gian official information service, in a statement tonight, based on official ad vices from Brussels, said the associ ated governments were endeavoring to complete some arrangements whereby Belgians would be released from liabil ity for loans contracted during the war. The statement also said that pleni potentiaries from Belgium, England, France and Holland would meet soon to consider a new agreement which would replace the, treaty of 1S39, and ewkrantee additional military security to elcium. SIP.! Citizens: The good name of Phoenix is at stake. Up to noon Tuesday, this city had subscribed less than half its quota to the Victory loan. In order to put Phoenix in its proper place, a driving plan of campaign was decided upon at a meeting held at Liberty loan headquarters last night, attended i by the governor of the city, and representatives ganization. The meeting drafted the following represen-'. tative men to assist the Victory Loan Committee ; in putting Phoenix over the top. The city of j Phoenix, awake to the seriousness of the situa-j tion, will give a Victory loan luncheon to this! group of men at the War Work building today, Wednesday at 12 o'clock. ' j The list of men drafted to "Finish the Job"! follows. When they call upon you, we appeal toj you as a duty to your country, and for the honor of your city, to buy your utmost limit of the "Vic tory Notes," the best security on earth. H. J. McCLUNG, State Chairman. E. P. CONWAY, Dwight B. Heard. ' Arthur Luhrs. Dr. Ancil Martin. Dr. Ellis. Aaron Goldberg. Donald Dunbar. Walter Bennett. J. E. Melczer. Webb Griffin. 1 Charles Goldman. C. H. Akers. I George Mauk. Wallace Button. K A. Marshall. A. T. Esgate. Warren McArthur. John Dennett. Pat Hayes. John Kohlberg. , Fred Barrows. H. W. Asbury. i Will Jack. Jack Sweeney. Henry Baswitz. L. G. GaUand.. - . ! -Guy-Nevitt. John Aiken. j Leslie Martin. Peter Corpstetn. j L. W. Coggins. Bob Saufley. E. L. Collins. Jim Griffin. j Guy Chisholm. H. S. Prince.- j Ned Creighton. Harry Thompson. Joe Loftus. Jack Rowlands. ! W. W. Lawhoii. Roy Wayland. i George Alkire. Frank Lane. McNeil Co. Robert Wetzler. C. Dunlap. Charles Korrick. j Ed. Doyle. Dave Goldberg. J Fred Warren. Ike Diamond. . John Montgomery. Billy Edwards. I Capt. McGrath. Harry Kay. j Frank Woods. Clarence Boynton. Lloyd Christy. Shirley Christy. i Joe Frochaska, George Coffin. j George Eardhardt. C. S. Enid. Fen Hildreth. II. L. Stevenson. Prank Shedd. Frank Viault. Pap Stacy. John Hurley. Jimmy Jones. C. A. Sheldon. Al Galpin. Billy Heflin. J. O. Sexson. E. Hackett. W. C. Hornberger. W. B. Twitchell. Hal Bird. Ed. Rudolph. B. E. Marks, diaries Donofrio. A. Wr. Ionard. C. D. Dorris. George Mintz. Jim Mulrein. Frank Trott. Barry Goldwater. T. C. McReynolds. Jim Wesley. Levi Young. Dr. Norton. N". D. Sanders. John Brown. George Day. Sam Mitchell. K. Munson. Dr. A. B. Nichols. Vic Norris. Lee Fitzhugh. Jesse Boyce. Charles Christy. ; John Page. Ezra Thayer. C. E. Tracy. John O'Malley. I F. A. Jones. T. J. Whitney. H. D. McVey. Avery Thompson. I J. R. Hampton. Dudley Webster. W. H. Plunket. Leigh Ford. Chris Lee. E. Buntman. W. H. Grindstaff. W. L. Finney. ; Fred Dibble. Ralph Murphy. Charles O'Malley. Harry Diehl. j Frank Stewart. Vic Hanny. ! Paul Bennett. L. H. Chalmers. j C. B. Gulley. Harry Kennedy. ! Jack Thornton. Clinton Campbell. C. M. Srurgis. J. D. Loper. J. W. Walker. John Ilyder. J. J. Phillips. Royal Lescber. L. R. Templin. E. M. Lampson. Sam F. Webb. Luke Henderson. J. M. Stewart. Andy Miller. Al Williams. I. J. Johnson. ' ! Guy Lawrence. . Al Rosenburg. ! Walter McLellan. Vernon Clark. W. S. Foster. Ben Stanton. ! E. E. Pascoe. FORMER EMPEROR TO FACE TRIAL COURT PARIS, May 6 (By the Associated Press) Theclause regarding respon sibilities, which was not acted on at the previous session of the plenary conference, is understood to have been incorporated in the final draft of the treaty. This provides for the trial of the former German emperor for a supreme offense against international morality and the sanctity of treaties, by. a tribunal composed of represen tatives of the United States, Great Britain, France and Italy and Japan. LONDON, May 6. A dispatch to the Central News from Paris says the most interesting feature of the plenary ses sion of the peace conference today was the unanimous adoption of articles providing for the trial of the former German emperor, and those responsible for crimes and atrocities during the war. o GREEKS SEEK PROTECTION SALONIKt, May 6. Greeks from Strumnitza, who have taken refuge here, have addressed a note to Presi dent Wilson, Premier Lloyd George of Great Britain and M. Venizelos. the Greek prime minister, begging them not to permit Italy, which has occu pied Strumnitza, to follow the example of the Bulgarians to perpetrate cruel ties asainst Greeks there. state, the mayor of the ; of every commercial or-1 County Chairman. ARE HUN MINISTERS RECALLED OR NOT? BERLIN, Monday, May 5. (By the Associated Press) A Versailles dis patch to the Vossische Zeitung says that Ministers Landsberg and Gies berts will return to Berlin and transact urgent state business, if the French do not give a definite answer by five o5clock this afternoon when the peace terms will be ready. VERSAILLES, May 6. The report that the German ministers, Landsberg and Giesberts, have left the German peace delegation and returned to Ber lin, is untrue. BERLIN, May 6. The peace com mittee of the national assembly, at its meeting last night, decided to continue its sitting so as to be ready to confer with the German peace delegation re garding the terms at any time. o NEW JERSEY TO FIGHT TRENTON, N. J., May 26. The state j public utility commission decided to day, after a hearing to institute man damus proceedings in ihe state su preme court, to enjoin the New York and. New Jersey Telephone and Tele ,eraph company and the Delaware and Atlantic Telegraph and Telephone com pany from collecting the 20 per cent J increased rates ordered by Fostiisier 45,78 PCT. NATION'S TOTAL Portland, Oregon, Goes Over San Diego Second Place Officials at Complete Loss To Understand Apa thy Serious Situation Faces Country Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN FRANC'SCO, May 6. Four German cannon, captured in action by American troops, will be awarded as Victory-Liberty prizes in the twelfth federal reserve bank district, according to advices from the treasury department received here tonight by loan publicity headquarters. "It will be absolutely impossible to obtain any more cannon for you under any circumstances," the message read. "The distribution of the cannon will be decided by district loan of ficials, it was announced, and the plan of distribution will be decided upon tomorrow and announced im mediately. SAN FRANCISCO, May . Up te 5 o'clock tonight revised figures showed that the twelfth federal reserve bank district had subscribed $119,606,550 of its quota of $301,500,000 in the Victory Liberty loan campaign officials hero ; said. The percentage of subscriptions l made by the principal cities in the dis- trict included: ; Portland 100: San Diego 75. Ogden ; "5; Salt Lake City 53: Seattle 50; Oak . land 45.5; Tacoma 40; San Francisco 24.25; Los Angeles 20.02. WASHINGTON. May 6. The two billion dollar mark has been passed by the cation in its raee toward the $4. 500,000,000 goal, which must be reached by Saturday night. Subscriptions offi cially reported to the treasury tonight amounted to $2,060,742,000, or 45.79 per cent of the quota sought. Subscription, by districts and percentages of quotas were announced by the treasury as follows: . District -St. Louis . . . Subscriptions .-.12.522,000 . 100.806,000 . . 370.500.000 .. 197,560.000 Pet. 73.1 64.1 56.7 52.5 47.3 47.2 41.2 40.6 40.4 34.5 ".0.0 29 3 Minneapolis Chicago Boston Kansas City. . Richmond New York Atlanta Cleveland .... Philadelphia .. San Francisco. Dallas 9241,000 99.228,000 557.200,000 58.570.000 182.1 13.000 129.731.000 102.654.000 27,613.000 The increase in the total during inc. . la.rt 24 hours was $256,000,000. of which $146,000,000 came from the New Yoi-:; district alone. This is a better record than has been made for the past lev, days, but falls far short of the $6i2 -000,000 average daily subscriptions. ! which must be pushed UP in the re- mainder of the week, it the loan to ! be subscribed fully, i Experts Are Puzzled j At the corresponding time of the fourth Liberty loan campaign, bond sales amounted to $2,795,000,000, or 46.61 per cent of the totaL Tomorrow is navy day throughout the country, and committees every I where hope to make it banner day, with the slogan, "Match the navy." Fruits of the day's work will not be reflected for two or three days, however. Special naval demonstrations have been ar ranged at many sea and lake port cities. "Experts wtio have hen associated with all loan campaigns are at an ab solute loss to explain the slowness of subscriptions," said the treasury's re view tonight. "The belief held by many of them at the outset of the loan, that its attractive features, both as to inter est and maturity, would cause an earlv oversubscription, has been rapidly dis sipated, and yet not one seems to be 1 able to assign a cause for this sit uation. Slowness in buying is easilv- : explained in a few isolated localities. where farm work is backward, or there has been a shortage of employment in certain industries, but generally speak ing, no one seems to be able to assign a definite cause for the failure of the country to keep up the pace that was expected of it." o ' AUTHOR BAUM IS DEAD LOS ANGELES. May 6. L. Frank Baum, author of "The Wizard of Oz." and many other plays and books, died at his home here tonight, after having been ill for some time with heart trouble. He was born in Chittenango, N. Y May 15, 1856. He is survived by a widow and four children, one of whom is in the American army in France. ONE YEAR AGO TODAY Germans smother American lines in Picardy under bombardment of 15,000 gas shells. Fierce fighting in Flanders bends back bracked British lines, Germans push across the Aisne canal despite hard Allied resistance. Huns concentrating huge reserves for final blow against Arras. Americans rushing aid to the Al lies as fast a sships can be found. Will the Yanks arrive in Time? ' SUBSCRIBE NOW TO THE VICTORY LIBERTY LOAN WHAT YOU WOULD HAVE PAID FOR VICTORY THEN.