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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 8, 1919
PAGE TWO DRASTIC TERMS ' "'qui muf fro m Pii ' n3 : ivcn the N'oat ;miJ Vistula rivers, made a AV by the addition of a .similar V on the nes, including the city of lianzig. The f out neastern third of Ka.t 'rueht ami thP area, between Kast Pi i.-ssiy ami the Vistula north of i'.i'itude decrees and 3 minutes, is i'i have its naiicnaiity determined by opiilar vote, 5,785 square miles, as is :"';o be the eae in fart of Sehleswig, " square miles. Belgium a Neutral State FieiKium. Germany is to consent to the abrosaiion of the treaties of 1S33, i v.tt ,h.f.Vi Ki.vinK is rthiished .i.- n , 'neutral state, and to ajrree in advance j -to any convention with which the allied i :.jid associated powers may determine 10 replace 1hem. She is to recognize i he full sovereignty of F.eiirium over too contested territory of Morenet and .urer part of Prussian Moresner and to i rf.noimcft in favor of Belgium all riphts of the. circles of Rvpcn and Malmedy, ..the Inhabitants of which are to be entitled, within six months, to protest nsainst this change of scr.-ereisnty, iither in whole or in part, the final decision to be reserved 10 the league of nations. A commission is to settle :ho details of the frontier and varioos rrula.tions for changes of nationality aro laid down. Luxembourg: (Sermany renounces l'T various treaties and conventions ' " ith the grand duchy of Luxembourg, i ''cognizes that it censed lo be a part 'i the Herman zollrrciftn from January ! last, renounces all ritflit of exploita tion of the railroads, adheres to the ab i nation of its neutrality and accents in advance any international agree ment, as to it, reached by the allied and associated powers. Ixft bank of the Khine: As provided in the military clauses, Germany will not. maintain any fortifications or rmed forces less than '0 kilometers to the ea-st of the Rhine, hold uny man euvers nor maintain any works to fa cilitate mobilization. In case of viola tion, "she shall be regarded as com mitting a hostile act. apainst the pow rs who sign the present treaty and as intending to disturb the peace of the world." By virtue of the present . treaty, Germany shall be bound to re spond to any request for an explana . lion which the council of the league of nations may think H necessary to !dress to her. Alsa'e-lorraine: After recognition of the moral obligation to repair the wrons done in 1ST! by Germany ,o K ranee, and the people of Alsace-Lor-raine, the territories ceded, to Germany by the treaty of Frankfort are re stored to France with their frontiers as before 3871, to date from the sigrninK of the armistice, and to be free of all public debtf. Citizenship is regulated by detailed provisions distinguishing those who H.re immediately restored to fnll Prench citizenship, those who have to - make formal applications therefor, and those for whom naturalization is open after three years. The bust named olfl.sg includes German residents in Alsace-Lorraine, as distinguished from those who acquire the position of Al-Kuce-liorraincrs, as defined in the ireaty. AH public property and all private property of German ex-sovereigns passes to French without pay ment, or credit. France is substituted lor Germany as regards ownership of the railroads and rights over conces sions of tramways. The Khine bridges pass to France with the obligation lor i heir upkeep. For five years, manufactured pro ducts of Alsace-Lorraine will be ad mitted to Germany free of duty, to a total amount not exceeding in any year the average of the three years pre i eding the war. and textile materials may be imported from Germany to Alsace-Lorraine and re-exported free of duty. Contracts for electric power from the right bank must be con tinned for 10 years. For seven years, with possible ex tension to 10, the ports of Kiehaa and Strassbourg shall be administered as a single unit by a French administrator, appointed and supervised by the cen tral Rhine commission. Property lights will be safeguarded in both ports and equality of treatment as re spects traffic, assured the nationals, vessels and goods of every country, "ontracts between Alsace-L.orra!ners nnd Germans are maintained, save for France's right io annul on grounds of public interest. Judgments of courts hold In certain classes of cases, while in others, a judicial exequaieur is first required. Political condemnatiens dur ing the war are null and void and the "hligation to repay war fines is estab lished as in other parts of allied ter ritory. Various clauses adjust the general provisions of the treaty to the special conditions of Alsace-Lorraine, certain matters of execution being left to con ventions to !m made between France and Germany. Coal Mines Given France The Saar In compensation for the destruction Of coal mines in northern France, and as payment on account ot reparation. Germany cedes to France full ownership Of the coalXes of the Saar basin with their subsirtiaTSs, ac cessories and facilities. Their value will be estimated by .the reparation commission and credited against that account. The French rights will be Governed by German taw in force at ihe armistice, excepting war legisla tion. France replacing the present owners, whom Germany undertakes to indemnify, France will continue to furnish the present propor'lon of coal for local needs and contribute in just proportion to local taxes. The basin extends from the frontier of Iorraine, as re-annexed to France, north as far as ft. Wendel, including on the west the valley of the Saar as far as Paarholzbach and on the east the town of Homburg. In order to seenre the rights and welfare of the population and to guar antee to France entire freedom l i working the mines, the territory will be governed by a commission ap pointed by the league of nations and When You Feel Something's Wrong' Look. Into Yotir Habits of Living Sometimes cof fee drinking up&ets one's feelings, though unsuspected.. If coffee disagree, use A ten days trial of Postum instead of coffee often does wonders in determining "what's the matter." "There's a Reason" REPUBLICAN READERS ! This 15,000-word summary of the Peace Treaty be tween the Allies and Germany will probably never be printed again in this paper. The Republican, therefare, suggests to all that they preserve this copy for future reference. In all the negotiations preliminary to the actual signing o the document, constant mention will be made of the various sections herein summarized. Hence, the advisability of retaining this copy of The Republican. consisting of five members, one French, one a native inhabitant of the Saar and three representing three dif ferent countries other than France and Germany. The league will appoint a member of tho commission as chair man to act as executive of the com mission. The commission will have nil powers of government formerly be longing to the German empire. Prussia and Bavaria will administer the rail roads and other public services and have full power to interpret the treaty clauses. The local courts will continue, but subject to the commission. Ex isting German legislation will remain the bsusis of the law, but the commis sion may make modification after consulting a local representative as sembly which it. will organise. 16 will have the taxing power, but for local purposes only. New taxes must be approved by this assembly. Labor legislation will consider the wishes of the local labor organi7.ations and the labor program of the league. French and other labor may be freely utilized, the former being free to belong to French unionsv AU rights acquired as to pensions and social insurance will be maintained by Germany and the fcaar commission. There will be no military service, but only a local gen darme to preserve order. The people will preserve their local assemblies, religious liberties, schools and l.xns- uage. but may vote only for local as semblies. They will keep their pres ent nationality, except so far as indi viduals may change it. Those wishing to leave will have every facility with respect to their property. The terri tory will form part of the French cus toms system, with no export tax on coal and metallurgical products going to Germany, nor on German products entering the basin, and for five years no import duties on products of the basin going to Germany or German products coming into the basin for lo cal consumption. French money may circulate without restriction. After 15 years, a plebiscite will be held by communes to ascertain the desires of the population as to continuance of the existing regime under the league of nations union with France, or union with Germany. The right to vote will belong to all inhabitants over twenty, resident therein at the signature. Tak ing into account the opinions thus ex pressed, the league will decide the ultimate sovereignty. In any portion restored to Germany, the German gov ernment must buy out the French mines at an appraised valuation. If the price is not paid within six months thereafter, this portion passes finally to France. If Germany bays back the mines the league will Cetermine how much of the coal shall be annually sold to France. German-Austria. Germany recog nizes the total independence of Ger man Austria in the boundaries traced Czecho-Slovakia. Germany reeog nizes the entire independence of the Czecho-Slovak state, including the an tonomous territory of the Ruthenlans, south of the Carpathians, and accepts the frontiers of this state as to be de termined, which in -the case Of the German frontier, shall follow the fron tier of Bohemia in 1314. The usual stipulations as to acquisition and change of nationality follow. Boundaries of Poland Poland. Germany cedes to Foland the greater part of upper Silesia, PO sen and the province of West Prussia, on the left bank of the Vistula- field boundary commission of seven five representing the allied and assocl ated powers and one each representing Poland and Germany shall be const! tuted within 15 days of the peace, to delimit this boundary. Such special provisions are are necessary to protect racial, linguistic, or religious minorities and to protect freedom of transit and j equitable treatment of commerce of other nations shall be laid down In a subsequent treaty between the five al lied and associated powers and Poland. East Prussia. The southern and the eastern frontier of East Prussia as Sucing (word obscure) Poland is to be fixed by plebiscites, the first in the regency of Allenstein. between the southern frontier of East Prussia and the northern frontier of Regierungs besirk Allenstein. from where It meets the boundary between east and west Prussia, to its junction With the boun dary between the circles of Oletsko and Ausersburg. thence the northern boun dary of Oletsko to Hs junction with the present frontier and the second in the area comprising the circles of Stuhm and Kosciiburg. and the parts of the circles of Marienburg and Marlen wr der. east, of the Vistula. In each case German troops and au thorities will move out within la days of the peace and the territories be placed under an international commis sion of five members appointed by the five allied and associated powers, with the particular duty of arranging for a free, fair and secret vote. The com mission will report the results of the plebiscites to the five powers with a recommendation for the boundary, and will terminate its work as soon as the boundary has been laid down and the new authorities set up'. The five allied and associated pow ers will draw up regulations assuring East Prussia full and equitable access to and use of the Vistula. A subse quent convention, of which the terms will be fixed by tne live allied and associated powers, will be entered into between Toland. Germany and Danzig, to assure suitable railroad communica tion across German territory on the right bank of the Vistula between Po land and Danig, while Polafld shall grant free passage from East Prussia to Germany. The northeastern corner of East Prussia, about Memel, is to be ceded by the associated powers, the former agreeing to accept the settlement made, especially as regards tne nationality of the inhabitants. Dan!?. Danzig and the district im mediately a-bout it is to be constituted Into the "free city of Danzig," under the guarantee of the leaguo of nations. A liigh commissioner appointed by the league and president at Dansli? shall draw up a constitution in agreement with the duly appointed representatives of the city, and shall deal in the first rtstance with all differences arising between the city and Poland. The actual boundaries of the city shall be delimited by a commission appointed within six months from the peace and to include three representatives chosen by the allied and associated powers and one each by Germany and Poland. A convention, the terms of which shall be fixed by the five allied and associ ated powers, shall be concluded be tween Poland and Danzig, which shall Include Danzig within the Polish cus toms frontiers through a free area in the port; insure to Poland the free use of ail the city's waterways, docks and other port facilities, the control and administration of the Vistula and the whole through railway systems within the city and postal, telegraphic and telephonic communication between Poland and Danzig, provide agsmst discrimination against Poles within the city and place iis foreign relations and the diplomatic protection of its citi zens abroad In charge of Toland. Denmark and Germany Frontier Fixed Denmark. The frontier between Germany and Denmark will be fixed by the self-determination of the popu lation. Ten days from the peace, Ger man troops and authorities Bhall evac uate the region north of the line run ning from the mouth of the Schlei, south of Kappel, Sehleswig and Fried- richstadt, along: the Eider to the North sea, south of Tonninc: the workmen's and soldiers' councils shall be dissolved and the territory administered by an international commission of five, of whom Norway and Sweden shall be In vited to name two. The commission shall Insure a free and secret vote in three zones. That between the German-Danish frontier and a line running south of the island of Ahsen, north of Flensbnrg and south of Tondern, to the North sea, north of the Island of Sylt, will vote as a unit within three weeks after the evacua tion. Within fire weeks after this vote the second zone, whose Southern boundary runs from the Xorth sea south of the Island of Fehr to the Baltic, south of Sygum, will vote by commune. Two weeks after that vote the third zone running to the limit of evacuation also wil 1 vote by communes. The interna tional commission will then draw a new frontier on tie basis of these pleb iscites and with due regard for geo graphical and economic conditions. Germany will renounce all sovereignty over territories north of this line, in favor of the associated governments who will hand them over to Denmark. Helgoland. The fortifications, mili tary establishments and harbors of the islands of Helgoland and Dune are to ne destroyed under the supervision of j the allies by German labor and at Ger many's expense. They may not be re constructed for any similar fortifica tions built In the fudire. Russian Territories Independent Russia. Germany agrees to respect as permanent and Inalienable the inde pendency of all territories which were part of the former Russian empire, to accept the abrogation of the Brest Litovsk and other treaties entered Into with the maximalist government of Russia, to recognize the full force of all treaties entered into by the allied and associated powers with states which were a part Of the former Russian em pire, and to recognize the frontier as determined thereon. The allied and as sociated powers formally reserve the right of Hussia to obtain restitution and reparation of the principles of the present treaty. German r.ights Outside Europe. Outside Europe, Germany renounces all rights, titles and privileges as to her Own Or her allies' territories to all the allied and associated powers, and un dertakes to accept whatever measures are taken by the five allied powers in ; guards and coast guards may not ex relation thereto. ; ceed the number in 191. Gendarmes Colonies and overseas possessions. ! and local police may be increased only Germany renounces in favor ot the al- i liod and associated powers her over- seas possessions with all rights and titles therein. All movable and Im movable property belonging to the German empire or to any German state shall pass to the government exercis ing authority therein. These govern ments may make whatever provisions seem suitable Tor the patrlation of German nationals and as to the con ditions on which German subjects ot European origin shall reside, hold property, or carry on business. Ger many undertakes to pay reparation for damages suffered by French nationals In the Cameroons or its rrontler zone, through the acts of German clvili or military authorities and of individual j Germans from January 1, 1900, to Au- j gust 1, 1914. Germany renounces all rights under the convention of the ' fourth of November, 1911. ano twenty- j ninth September. 1912. and undertakes j to pay to France in accordance with an ; estimate presented and approved by i tho repatriation commission all de- j posits, credits, advances, etc., thereby j secured. Germany undertakes io ac cept and observe any provisions by the i allied and associated powers us to the i trade In arms and spirits in Africa, as ' well as to tho general act of Berlin of lifts, and the general act of Brussels ; ot" 1S90. Diplomatic protection lo in- ; habitaants of former German colonies,1 is to be given by the governments ex ercising authority. Germany Renounces China Territory China. Germany renounces In favor of China all privileges and indemni ties resulting from the Boxer protocol of 1901, and all buildings, wharves, barracks, forts, munitions or warships, wireless plants and other publio property, except diplomatic or consu lar establishments in the German con cessions of Tien Tsin and Hankow, and in other Chinese territory except Kiao Chan, and agrees to return to China at her own expense all the astronomical instruments seized in 1900 and 1S01. China- will, however, take no measures for disposal of Ger man property in tne irgai.iuii iiumipri at Peking, without the consent ot tne powers signatory to the Boxer proto col. Germany accepts the abrogation of the concessions at Hankow and Tien Tsin, China agreeing to open them to international use. Germany renounces all claims against China or any allied and associated government for the internment or repatriation of her citizens in China, and for the seiz ure or liquidation of German interests there since August 14, 1917. She re nounces In favor of Great Britain her state property in the British conces sion at Canton and of Prance and China jointly of the property of the ;uuju m me .Trench conces- I sion at Shanghai. j Slam. German recognizes that ail ! Agreements between herself and Siam. j including the right of extra-territorial-jity ceased July 22, 1917. All German public property, except consular and i diplomatic premises, passes without compensation to Siam. German prrvate property to be dealt with in accordance wun me economic clauses. Germany waives all claims against Siam for the seizure and condemnation ot her ships, liquidation of her property, or intern ment of her nationals. Liberia. Germany renounces ail rights under the international arrange ments of 1911 and 1912. regarding Li beria, more particularly the right to nominate a receiver or the customs and disinterest herself in any further negotiations for the rehabilitation of Liberia. She regards as abrogated all commercial treaties and agreements between herself and Liberia and recog nizees Liberia's right, to determine the status and condition of the re-establishment of Germans In Liberia, Morocco. Germany renounces all her rights and titles and privileges un der the act of Algeciras and the Fran co-German agreements of 19 and 1911, and under all treaties and ar rangements with the Shcrifian empire. She undertakes not, to Intervene in any negotiations as to Morocco between France and other powers, accepting all the consequences of the French pro tectorate and renounces the capitula tions; the Sherifian government shall have complete liberty of action In re. gafd to Germiui nationals and all Ger man protected persona shall be sub ject to the common law. All movable and immovable German property, in cluding mining rights, may be sold at public auction the proceeds to he paid to the Sherlfian government and de ducted from the reparation account. Germany is also required to relinquish her interests in the state bank Of Morocco. All Moroccan goods entering Germany shall have the same privilege as French goods. British Protectorate Over Egypt Egypt. Germany recognizes the British protectorate over Kgypt. de clared on D "ember 18, 1914, and re nounces as from August 4, 1914, the capitulation and all the treaties, agreements, etc., concluded by her with Egypt. She undertakes not to Inter vene in any negotiations about Egypt between Great Britain and other pow ers. There are provisions for jurisdic tion over German nationals and prop erty and for German consent to any changes which may be made in rela tion to the commission of public debt. Germany consents to the transfer to Great Britain of the powers given to the late Saltan of Turkey for securing the free navigation of tbe Suez canal. Arrangements for property belonging to German nationals In Egypt are made similar to those in the case of Morocco and other countries. Anglo Egyptian goods entering Germany shall enjoy the same treatment as British goods. Turkey and Bulgaria. Germany ac cepts all arrangements which the allied and associated powers make with Tur key and Bulgaria with reference to any right, privileges, or interests claimed in those countries by Germany or her nationals and not dealt with elsewhere. ( Shantung. Germany cedes to Japan ail rights, titles and privileges, notably as to Kiao Chau, and the railroads. : mines and cables acquired by her treaty with China of March ti, 197, nnd other agreements as to HhantJne. All ; German rights to the railroad from; Tsing Tao to Tsinau Fu, including ail! facilities and mining rights and rights of exploitation, pass equally to Japan,; and the cables from Tsing Tao to Shanghai nnd C'hcfoo. the cables free of all charges. All German state prop- j erty, movable and Immovable, in Kino! Chau is acquired by Japan fret of all charges. j Military. Naval and Air. In order to; render possible the initiation of a gen eral limitation of the armaments of all i nations, Germany undertakes directly to observe the military, naval and airj clauses which follow. ! Military Forces. The demobilization! of the German army must take place j within two months of the peace. ItSj strength may not exceed 100.000, in- i eluding 4.000 officers, with not ovei j seven divisions of infantry and three of cavalry, and to be devoted exclusively ! to maintenance of internal order und ! control of frontiers. Divisions may not j be grouped under more than two army rorps headquarters staff. The great! German general stalf is abolished.! The army administrative service, con- j sisting of civilian personnel, not in-; eluded in the number of effectives, is reduced to on-tenth the total in the ; ISIU budget. Employes of the German: states, such ns customs officers, first ; In accordance with the growth of pop ulation. None of these may be assem bled for military training. Armaments. All establishments for the manufacturing, preparation, stor age or design of arms and munitions of war, except those specifically ex cepted, must be closed within three months of the peace and their person nel dismissed. The exact amount of armament and munitions allowed Ger many is laid down in detail tables, all In excess to be surrendered, or ren dered useless.. The manufacture or importation of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases and all analagous liquids la forbidden, as well as the im portation of arms, munitions nnd war materials. Germany may not manu facture such materials forforeign gov ernments. - I German Conscription Abolished Conscription. Conscription is abol- ished in Germany. The enlisted per-1 sonnel must be maintained by .volun tary enlistments for terms of twelve consecutive years, the number of dis charges before the expiration of that term, not In any year to exceed five per cent. of the total effectives. Offi cers remaining in the service must asree to serve to the age of 43 years and newly appointed officers must agree to serve actively for twenty-five years. N'u military schools except those ab solutely indispensable for tbe units al lowed shall exhjt in Germany two months after the peace. No associa tions, such as societies of discharged soldiers, shooting or touring clubs, edu cational establishments or universities may occupy themselves with military matters. All measures of mobilization are forb'ddn. Fortresses. All fortified works, fort resses and field work ssituated In Ger man territory, within a zone 50 Kilom eters east of the Rhine, will be disman tled within three months.- The con struction of any new fortifications there . is forbidden. The fortified Works on the southern and eastern frontiers, however, may remain. Control. Inter-allied commissions of control will see to the execution of the provisions for which a time limit is set. the maximum named being three months. They may establish head quarters at the German seat of gov ernment and go to any part of Ger many desired. Germany must give XXHKN I tIk to to atxmt v tires, I feel that I en do 90 with real authority. For I have been tbe greatest mad tbe hardest tin user in tba his tory ot motoring. Keep close track of the tntleace 7 mi get trots these Oldfield Tires. Tbe totais sriU surprise jon. Tea kssw mm ( 7 ED RUDOLPH Cor. Fourth and Adams Sts., Phoenix Grand Ave, Glendale has been aopointed distributor for Goldficld tires in Phoenix and vicinity. Please consider this advertisement a cordial invitation to you to visit this store and inspect these Oldfield Tires, the first shipment of which has already arrived. Oldfield Tires are not just another new kind of Tire. They are not new tires at all. They are a development of nearly twenty years of racing and touring by Barney Oldfield tire pioneer and student who, out of the wealth of this unique experience commends them to you as "The most trustworthy Tires built" V Barney Oldfield knows tires as you know them but more intimately. He judges them as you judge them by the service they give him. But his demands are infinitely more severe than yours. So, when Barney Oldfield tefis yon that here is a tire he can trust, you can be absolutely sure that Oldfield 0 Bring Him Home Buy Liberty Bonds V ymmmmmmmmm siiii Lri ajj . 1 11 n 1 n r , 1 1 , uim-rty V He went across for you you come across for Liberty Bonds and make his dreams come true. them complete facilities, pay their ex penses and also the expenses of execu tion of the treaty. Including: the labor and material necessary in demolition. destructirr. or surrender of nar equip ment. Naval. The German navy must I demobilized within a period of two months after the peace. the will be allowed six snuill battleships, tii light Tires are worthy of your fulf con fidence. A complete stock of Oldfield Tires awaits your call. Fabric or cord plain or anti-skid you will find tbe size and style you want Bat Oldfield tires are builtinonlyooe quality the kind Barney Oldfield . himscIfusraandrecxKsmendstOYOu. THE OLDFIELD TIRE COMPANY, CLEVELAND, OHIO BARNEY OLDFIELD. President The Most Trustw orthy Tires Built' .V' 'C5V pHJi. Mr iv,. .1.4 !.rf- i. ,. :. " Jt, GOODRICH RUBBER CO. cruisers, twelve destroyers, twelve tor-J pedo boats, and no submarines, either! miliiary or commercial. With a per- sonnel of 15.000 men. including officers; and no reserve force of any character.! Conscription is abolished, only volun- tary service lieins permitted, with a minimum period of Z's years' service for officers and twelve for men. No mem ber of the German mercantile niarincj i-'S;f '. : it i'V 1 - NEWS ' BUREAU h him. Buy Victory will be permitted any naval training. All German vessels of war In for eign ports, and the German high "sta, fleet interned at Sjcupa. Flow, will l e suricndTrd. the final disposition of these ships to be decided upon by the allied and associated powers. Germa ny must surrender 4-' modern destroy- (Continued on rage Seven) '1,' v '