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A. 33.11a ARIZONA TT0 A 1J ASM INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL THIRTIETH YEAR PHOENIX, ARIZONA.SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 17, 1919 1G PAGES 1G PAGES VOL. XXX., NO. 21 ALL1MG NANCIES FAR OUT AT SEA ON EPOCH ON THEIR WAY TAKEOFF OF THE NC PLANES IN THEIR FLIGHT ACROSS THE ATLANTIC MAKING FLIGHTS FDBD'SG .HipiB Chicago Tribune Counsel Recalls Caustic Comments Of Auto Maker Reminds Jury That Millionaire Re fused to Pay or Take Back Employes That Enlisted In National Guard Three Gigantic Seaplanes Take to Air Reported Flying Rapidly as They Pass Over Torpedo Destroyers Along Route Trepassy Eay to Azores Only Eight Flight Last Leg to Plymouth, England, Will fce Made in Day light Illuminations Will Guide Pilcts at Night Com munication Constant and Safety Assured by Govern ment Rules MT. CLEMENS, Mich., May 16. (opening statements of counsel in the libi-l suit of Henry Ford against the C'l icao Tribune occupied the entire day in Judge Tucker's court. iVeymotrji Kirkland, of counsel for the Tribune, who spoke in the after l.oon, had not concluded when court sidjourned until Monday. He will re smne then, alter which the question of s'-ope of., evidence will be argued by counsel. Former Judge 'Alfred J. Murphy, of counsel for the plaintiff, occupied the lorenoon in slating his case, in the curse of which he alleged that the Tribune's advocacy of intervention in -Mexico was due to pro-Germanism, am! a desire to aid the International Harvester company and the Standard ui company. .Mr. Kirkland, in his remarks, ridi culed these claims and claimed not only justification of its comment on Mr. Ford in whcl'u he was called an anarchist, and accused of ignorance, Hit asserted that Mr. Ford's wealth, position and parifist propaganda had made him a puMic character, it was tlie iian duty of the newspaper to call him to account for a policy which, in it Tribune's opinion, would render the country impotent, while Kurope was in fln;nes. and anarchy reigned south of the ltio Grande. Called Generals Murderers Mr. Kirkland referred to General Pershing and to Marshal Haig and Generalissimo Foch, as among the sol diers on whom Mr. Ford would em blaon the word '"murderers." lie was o i the subject of the military career of Cokm.'l II. II. McCormick, publisher of the Tribune, when the point canio un. "McCormick got to be a lieutenant j olunel." said Attorney Kirkland, "and ; General Pershing, one of the profes- 1 Fiona! soldiers that Judge Murphy says j Mr. Ford said should have the word! 'murderer embroidered on his breast, i made him a colonel. And when they t'dl you thai you cannot put more th.tn one moaning on the word 'an archist,' I want you to remember the nv iital gymnastics that Judge. Murphy U.ll here this morning, in trying to make, yon believe that Henry Ford, v. h-n he advocated the brand 'mur derer,' did not mean the boys who joined the army in 1917, but profes sional soldiers, soldiers like Pershing and Haig and Foch, who have been professional soldiers all their lives." Mr. Kirkland told how the news item on w hich the alleged libelous editorial was luused, had its origin, the national guard was being recruited for service on the Mexican border, and many em ployers were publicly announcing that the pay of their men who joined the colors would be continued and their jobs held for them. Inquiry at the Chicago branch of the. Ford company elicited a statement that the branch manager was await ing instructions from the main office. Tnis was only two or three days before publication of the editorial on June 23, IS! 6, he said. The Detroit correspond ent was then appealed to by telegraph. This correspondent, the lawyer said, was informed by General Manager Klingsmith of the Ford company, a ' man who was customarily accepted as an authority on Ford policies, that the Ford company would not continue the pay of its men who enlisted, nor would It hold their positions open, nor give them preference, should they return and ask for their former positions. Answering Attorney Mnrph y's charge, that the Tribune sought to em broil the United States in a war with Mexico, in order that munitions re quired at home would not be shipped to the enemies of Germany, Mr. Kirk- hi nd asserted that this was sufficiently answered by the fact that the Tribune had advocated intervention since 1H12. He urged further than Mexican raids a'yng the border, the murder and rob in v of American citizens in Mexico, and even in the United States, Were ample seasons why the Tribune should j advocate intervention, and certainly, ; he saifl, more convincing that a round- j about method of helping Germany or i a-iding the Harvester company or ' standard Oil. I The relationship by which the two . big corporations were said to influ- ence Tribune policy was said by Judge i Tucker, on objection by Attorney El- ' liott G-. Stevenson of counsel for-the Tribune, to be irrelevant. As given by i Attorney Murphy, it was that Harold j McCormick, president of the harvester company, married Edith Rockefeller, n. daughter of John D. Rockefller, and that Harold McCormick was a cousin of the late Ambassador R. S. McCor mick, father of Colonel Tt R. McCor mick. From this. Murphy drew the conclusoin that the harvester com pany's interest in Mexico sisal and. Mr. Rockefeller's interest in Mexican crude oil. lllfl FACTS ABOUT EVENTFUL VOYAGE First leg: Rockaway Beach, N. Y, to Trepassy Bay, N. F. Second leg: Trepassy Bay to Azores Islands. (Longest distance.) Third leg: Azores Islands to Plymouth, England. Total flying weight of each plane: 28,500 pounds. Equipped with Liberty motors. Time of departure (New York) 6 p. m. yesterday. Time of arrival at Azores, approximately, (N. Y.) 1 p. m. today. Flying time approximated at 19 hours. Sixty destroyers and four battleships, at intervals of 50 miles, I stationed along the course to guide and aid in the event of peril. : :M&$i'&!$s WKyX'jSJS!''. - . ...'.v-. ' fAaSS?-..-! VTi ill IS 5; 'l :::;:y:,v., :.::..;, ::J vT: :?Wt&m$ It was a thrilling moment at Trepassey, New Foundland, when the motors of the three big NC planes roared, the propellors whirred and the flyers took the air for the second leg of the trans-Atlantic flight. This is the picture of the start from Rockaway Air Station, with only the workmen and a few privileged visitors and newspapermen permitted within the enclosure of the station. y 1501 ECU 15 7 REPORTED KILLED VQIQ-HUERTA BEATER Cable Message Of President Will Be First DOUGLAS. Ariz., May 1C Yaqul Indians, numbering approximately 100, i attacked San Pedro de Sauqui, a So- nora Village, fifteen leagues south of Moctetfuma, capital of the Moctezuma district. The inhabitants, after a battle of several hours, drove the raiders off with a loss of seven killed. Three of the townsmen were captured and sev eral wounded, according to word reach ing Augua Prieta today. Messengers sent to Moctezuma by the townsmen early in the fight, succeded in running the gauntlet of the Indian lines and reached there with a plea for aid. A force of voluntters under command of a detachment of rural police made the trip in record time, but arrived after the fight had ended. The Yaqtiis have sent word to the inhabtiants of Nuri, a village of a few hundred inhabitants, in the Alamos district, that as soon as the wheat crop is harvested, or about the latter part of May, they intend to attack the town and carry off the grain. As a result of this message, the people have begun fortifying the towns and it is w.ith dif ficulty that outsiders can gain admit tance to it. Small bands of Yaquls are ranging through the Alamos and Sahuaripa districts, rendering travel extremely insecure, except in large parties. DOUGLAS, Arizona. May 16. The election held in Sonora April 27, to choose a governor for the state, was void, under the provisions of the con stitution of Mexico, according to a semi-official announcement reaching Agua Prieta today from Hermosillo, the state capital. Adolifo de la Huerta, the leading candidate, lacked fifteen hundred votes of having the necessary majority over his three opponents. As the constitution clearly specifies, that the members of the chambers of depu ties, state and national, governors and presidents, must receive a majority of all votes cast at the election, it has been decided that no one was elected in the recent balloting. De la Huerta' s vote was 1S.52S; Gen eral Ygnacio Pesquiera received 10.079; Conrado Gaxiola 6.7S3; General Miguel Samaniego 3,152. The total of de la Huerta' s three opponents was 20,013 and de la Huerta lacked approximately 1,500 votes of surpassing them. Under the constitution, the present governor, General r. i-.nas 'janes, win hold office unl the state congress can call another election. This probably will be done in the near future. , o OPEN NOGALES SALOONS PARIS, May 16. President Wil son's message to be read at the ap proaching session of congress will make approximately 3,000 words. It is being sent forward to Washing ton tonight. The message deals entirely with domestic questions. Some space in it is devoted to woman suffrage. TO GET LAND BACK SALT LAKE CITY, May 16. Refu gees from ' Mexico are about to have returned to them land which was con fiscated by the Mexican government in 1912, according to a copy of an edict received here today by A. 'W. Ivins, member of the council of twelve of the Mormon church. According to Apostle Ivins, the land of a number of Mormon colonists at Colonia Dublan was confiscated seven years ago, when the revolution in Mexico drove many settlers. out of .that section. NOGALES, Ariz., May 16. With the announcement that the legislature of the state of Sonora, Mexico, had voted the state wet, steps were taken today to oDen the five saloons allotted No- gales, Sonora, across the border from this point. The country club there is being re-fitted with a bar and a large dance hall, and cock-fighting pits are being installed. It was stated that large sums had been offered Mexican officials by American gamblers for concessions throughout the state, but it is under stood that all gambling halls and sa loons will be conducted by Mexican citizens. U HI If NAVY OBI FLIGHT ACRGS! tRepublican A. P. Leased Wire j TREPASSEY, Newfoundland, May j 16. Three giant seaplanes of the i American navy the NC-3, NC-4 and the NC-l-rose late today from the waters of Trepassey bay and headed for the Azores in their attempt to cross the Atlantic by air. Commanded by Commander John H. Towers, Lieutenant Commander A. C. Read, and Lieutenant Commander P. N. L. Bellinger, the planes left their I moorings at the head of Trepassey har bor and "taxied ' toward the narrows. Then, rushing into a westerly wind, they took the air. The NC-3, the "flag ship," rose at 7:32 p. m, the NC-4, two minutes later, and the NC-1 at 7:41 p. m. (Newfoundland time, which is one hour and thirty minutes ahead of Npw York time). Within a few min- uates they were lost sight of beyond the eastern horizon. As thev passed from view, natives of Newfoundland, who lined the shores of the land-locked bay, vied witn Kan. kee sailors stationed here, in Bending awav with a. rousing cheer the Amer ican aviators starting on tueir epocnai voyage. Only Night Flying The seaplanes shaped their course towards Corvo, westernmost island of the Azores, from which they expected to fiv to Hota. on the island of Fayai where they will descend, if weather conditions or mechanical drfireulues make it necessary, but they will go on, if possible, to Ponta del Gada, San Miguel island, 1,352 nautical miles from this port. This leg of the cruise, from BULLETIN rnenublican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, May 16. Coincident Rockawav Beach- New York, the ith the start from Trepassey l.ay, .n. i-nmo station tn Plymouth. fEWS EPITOPE FOREIGN Three giant seaplanes make distant headway -n trans-Atlantic voy age: 1000 miles at sea by mid night. Epoch-making event keeps Washington officials wide awake practically all night. Bulletins reach capital until wee small hours. DOMESTIC 1 Ford-Tribume libel suit recalls ugly statements made by motor manu facturer. Yaqui Indians start on killing ex pedition in Sonora. Election in Sonora void because, de la Huerta did not receive a ma jority of votes cast for governor. LOCAL Today's election determines whether or not Maricopa county gets good roads. Recover body of woman drowned when car tips into canal near Granite Reef. Rotary club thanks service men for services in Victory loan drive and urges good road bond issu- The Day for Maricopa Conn It is to be determined today whether this county .ill move forward. If the bonds for the good roads system are voted, that will be the verdict. We believe the people have already made up such a verdict and will annotmee it today in an overwhelm ing "YES" on the bond proposition. But to make sure of such a verdict there must be hard '"work until the polls close and various organiza tions are prepared to work hard. There is work for the women to do and they have done most effective work in the last two years in war work campaign. They are urged to come out today and help put the bond issue over. White we have little doubt that the bonds will be voted, it is very important that they receive a rousing majority. The heavier the vote the mote attractive' they will be to bond buyers; the more attractive, the better the premiums we wilj receive for the bonds. So, it will be profitable for us to cast a heavy vote today. Then, too, we want to widen the field of employ ment. The success of the bond issue will mean work for many hundred men, many of whom would other wise be without employment. The polls will open at 6 o'clock this morning and will close at 6 o'clock this evening. On page 11 of The Republican this morning, you will find in which, district you must vote, and the vot ing place of the district. Cast your vote today for a progressive county. It will be money in the pocket of every man and woman in the county. ! nnnpnniTiniti IUUIII UUfll lull IS BED 10 CAPITAL RAISED ? NEW YORK, May 16. President Wilson, by executive order dated May 14, has directed the food administra tion grain corporation to change its name to the United State Grain cor poration, and increase its capital stock from $150,000,000 to SaOO.000,000 ac cording to a cable message from Her bert Hoover received here tonight. Early in June a general conference of delegates from interested organiza tions, including those of growers, will be held in New York to consider and act upon suggestions for modifications proposed in contracts now being worked out. By July 1, it is expected that the new license and contracts will bo in general use. They are designed to provide throughout the United States, wheat in the berry shall sell at $2.26 or its proper relations, so that the producer everywhere will get the full government guaranteed price There is nothing in the present situa tion to encourage the expectation that there will be lower prices for bread immediately, Julius H. Barnes, wheat director, declared in a statement to night. The president further empowered Mr. Barnes to license the wheat han dling trades, making proper reglations to make effective the guaranty price. Grain Growers Protest GREAT FALLS, Mont., May . 16. The Montana grain growers' organiza tion today sent a telegram to Presi dent Wilson, protesting the action of Wheat Administrator Barnes in New Y'ork, May 13, in his agreement to re duce the price of wheat, "in conference with millers, bakers and grain traders, to all of whom satisfactory profits are guaranteed.' The action of Barnes says the tele gram, "ignored millions of farmers who are growing wheat and denied their profits from a world's demand." "The action," says the telegram, "was not only in violation of anti-trust laws, but of sound public policy, and this unlawful price fixing will cost farmers of the United States hundreds of millions of dollars. . . . We ap peal to you to forbid Barnes and others from consumating this unlawful and terribly dangerous program." with the start from Trepassey F.. today of the American navy sea plane, in an effort to make the first trans-Atlantic air passage, the navy department made public an order, is sued April 15, which governs the action of every aircraft and naval vessel con nected with the long flight, and pro vides against almost every possible emergency which may arise during the aerial vovage. The order contains more than 2.000" words and is one of the most comprehensive ever issued o the department. When the plan for the trans-Atlantic flight was first conceived, tne tash. oi safeguarding the seaplanes and of ob taining meteorological data neceuij to the venture was placed in the hands of the commander of the destroyer force. The order, which was made public today, thus was Issued by Cap tain Harris Laning, chief of staff, de stroyers force. The order provides for the stationing and subsequent movements of GO de stroyers, four battleships and a num ber of auxiliary naval vessels in con nection with the flight. Although is Usned at New York a month prior to the actual start of the hazardous jour- , ney, the details oi trie oruer urr,-. followed without the least hitch , throughout the project. i Route !s Marked The route which the seaplanes are to take to the Azores is marked by a ribbon of destroyers stationed about 50 miles anart. These vessels have been on their stations for several days and have kept the departments here and the naval officials at Trepassey bay constantly informed as to meteorologi cal conditions along the course. In addition to the destroyers, four battleships, the Florida, Utah, Texas and Wyoming, have been stationed on the outskirts of the course to furnish further meteorological data throughout the flight. The seaplanes are in constant com munication with the naval vessels at all times. Every precaution has been tVor. tn Ksfeeuard the fliers. In addi tion tn the radio communication, the I destrovers along the route are provided with special illumianting torches, star shells and flares for use at night, to mark the course, and are in constant readiness to answer SOP calls or other distress signals should accident befall one of the big planes. Twenty-one destroyers are siauoneu planes', home station, to Plymouth, England, is the only one which will require night flying. The planes were expected to main tain an average speed of 60 nautical miles an hour, although they are capa ble of making 90 miles if circumstances demand. Temperature was expected to determine the flying altitude, but it- was believed 5,000 feet would be the limit. j NC-4 Takes Air Too i The NC-4, which was left behind at i the start from Rockaway Beach by her sister craft, because of engine trouble, and which arrived here from Halifax only yesterday, was in the air today almost as soon as the flagship, rising after a swift 23-minute cruise about Mutton harbor. The NC-1 made two unsuccessful attempts to leave the water, while Commander Towers' plane soared above it. and the NC-4, but finally it rose, nine minutes after the flagship, and followed in the wake of the others, which headed for the east as soon as it took the air. WASHINGTON, May 17. The half-way mark on the leg of the trans-Atlantic flight from Trepas sey Bay, New Foundland, to the Azores, was reached early today by the American seaplanes. At 3 o'clock this morning the navy de partment received an intercepted message from the seaplane NC-4, directed to the Cape Race station, saying the three planes had passed station ship number 11, approxi mately 650 miles from the starting point. The message from the NC-4 which was intercepted by the naval radio station at Bar Harbor, Me, reads as follows: "NC-4 to Cape Race. Passed No. 10 about 4:50, Greenwich time, and passed No. 11 about 5:15. Now nearly to No. 12. Thought you had lost me." At 1:40 a. nv, Washington time. Bar Harbor intercepted the fol lowing message from the Cape Race station, for the NC-4: "Great, old man. See you later." At 1:41 a. the following mes sage was intercepted from the NC-3 to the NC-1: 'Answer. Have message for you." DIRIGIBLE C5 GIVEN UP FOR LOST BY NAVY WASHINGTON, May 16. The American naval seaplanes, enroute on the first attempt to reach Europe from America by air, passed stationship No. 6, the de stroyer Ward, 300 miles from Trepassey Bay, at 2:05, Greenwich time (10:05 p. m. Washington time), according to a message re ceived via the Azores late tonight by the navy department. The dispatch to the navy depart ment was sent by the Ward to the U. S. S. Prairie at Trepassey Bay, which in turn relayed it by radio to St. Johns, N. F whence it reached Washington by cable and telegraph. The means of sending the message back indicated that the U. S. S. Aroostook already had left Trepassey and that the de stroyer line behind the swiftly fly ing planes was rapidly breaking HP- WASHINGTON, May 16 The navy department tonight made public the following dispatch, re ceived from the commander of the Destroyer Edwards, upon the re turn of the vessel to St. Johns, New Foundland. "Dirigible C-5 lost. Unable to learn whether merchant ship that reported it has abandoned or failed to rescue. Edwards unable to lo "cate either of them." ST. JOHNS, N. F., May 16. The dirigible C-5. fugitive airship of the United States navy, which forestalled the attempt of Liutenant Commander Coil and his crew to fly across the At lantic, by breaking loose from its moorings in a storm yesterday, was abandoned as lost today. The destroyer Edwards, after an all night search for the blimp, among the icebergs of the Arctic current, returned to port without sighting it. The Brit ish freighter Clan Davidson, which had reported she was standing by the gas bag, sent a radio message this morning, saying that she was "away off the course and must proceed. VIRGINIA HUNTER REMAINS LOS ANGELES. Cal., May 16. The petition of Mrs. Fannie E. Cupper and Mrs. T. H. Miller, to have Virginia Hunter removed as executrix of the $200,000,000 estate of her father, the late Colonel Robert F. Hunter, of Mari copa county, Arizona, was denied to day in the probate court by Judge James C. Rives. Airs. Cupper and Mrs. Miller, who are also daughters of the deceased ranch man, based their action on the charge that the executrix had concealed from them the existence of a blanket deed to 25,000,000 acres of land. The land is located in Arizona and Texas. o STOP "STARS AND STRIPES" PARIS, May 15. (By the Associated Press) "Stars and Stripes, the of ficial newspaper of the American ex peditionary forces, will suspend pub lication on June 13. it was announced today. This indicates the rapid evac uation of the American army. It was suggested tonight by Rear on the Trepassey Bay-Azores leg. with j Admiral S. S. Wood that Captain Har- four additional vessels in reserve to re place any craft which may be called upon to answer an SOS signal or it self become aisaniea. as tne sea planes pass above a destroyer, the lat ter obtains radio communication, as certains the condition of the planes. and indicates the true course to the next vessel. Mignt iimiiiMianuii During the night the destroyers on station one to sixteen will keep bril liantly illuminated to provide against the seaplanes missing a ship and thus losing the way. To guard further against this contingency, the destroy ers are ordered, in the event the sea planes have not been sighted at the approximate time they should arrive, to make smoke clouds, show search lights, fire star shells and notify the next ship to the westward. The next vessel in the line will make the same signals for three-fiuarters of an hour before the planes are due to arrive. Upon being notfied that it has been sighted by planes, or when a station ship sights the fliers, the vessel will immediately stop smoking or firing star shells, will take the exact eourse to the next station and will steam slowly on that course to indicate the proper route, and will keep in radio communication with the flying ships. Planes forced to land on the water during darkness will indicate their po sition and condition by radio, rockets and flares, with the following means: Green star, cannot get off the water again, no assistance required; red star or flare, assistance required. In the event that one plane is forced to land, the others will remain in the vicinity until a report of her condition is re 1 ceived or assistance arrives. WASHINGTON, May 16. An official report from Trepassey Bay, New Foundland, received late to night, said weather conditions along the seaplane route were god when the start was made, and if the winds then prevailing con tinued, the airships should reach the Azores in 19 hours or about 1 p. m. tomorrow, Washington time. ns of the freighter may nave mis taken an iceberg for the dirigible, after a wireless message bad been sent broadcast calling on ships at sea to watch for the C-5. Coil Wants Another Try Commander Coil, who commanded the C-5 on the flight here from Mon tauk Point, which is believed to be the longest non-stop cruise ever made by a non-rigid balloon, said he had given up hope of salvaging the ship. He announced to the Associated Press his intention of asking the navy department for permission to make an other attempt at trans-Atlantic flight in a dirigible. A naval board of inquiry conducted a hearing to consider the dirigible's loss on t'a cruiser Chicago today. The hearing was secret but. it was an iunced that it merely was a routine proceeding. The crew of the C-5 left for Boston on the destroyer Edwards. TRAINMEN ASK CONTROL COLUMBUS. Ohio, May 16. That the Brotherhood of Railway Trainmen will announce that its 186,000 members are opposed to restoration of the rail roads to private ownership and man agement, and in favor of government control, was the prediction today of leaders of the organization which is holding its biennial convention here. Probable action is uncertain, they say. but sentiment is unanimously against a return to the old regime. It was declared the men seem well pleased with their treatment during the war, and feel that the government, if continued in control of the rail roads, will give them more satisfac tory working conditions. WASHINGTON, May 17. Cryptil radiograms from the seaplane division on its way to Europe, picked out of the air by the naval radio station at Bar Harbor, Maine, indicated that th planes were in the vicinity of the De stroyer Thatcher, station No. 9, nearly 500 miles from Trepassey Bay, soon af ter midnight. The three machines left Trepassey a few minutes after 6 o'clock last night and were officially reported as passing station ship No. 6, 300 miies out, a little more than four hours later. The next indication of their progress was the in tercepted messages reported by Bar Harbor. The Bar Harbor station set a new record in catching the signals of the planes, at a distance of more than a thousand miles. The NC-1,. was call ing the Thatcher, in the message the Maine station overheard. Navy officials assumed the Thatcher was still ahead of the group of air planes, which had passed other de stroyers in the long line, closely bunched and all making speed in excess of the sixty-mile rate they had ex pected to maintain. If no accident in terferes, it was said early this morning, there is every reason to expect the planes will have reached Ponta del Gada, Azores, around mid-cfay today. The most difficult leg of the whole trip from Rockaway Beach, Long Island, to Plymouth, England, was more than one-third covered when the signals from the NC-1, were intercepted. The plares were making the only portion of the trip that will require them to fly in darkness. Apparently they were keeping dead on their course, down the long lane of destroyers, which were dropping astern of them swiftly as they sped eastward on their epochal journey. WASHINGTON, May 16. The radio station at Bar Harbor, Msine, inter cepted direct messages from two of the seaplanes, shortly after midnight. One message picked up at 12:27 o'clock was from the NC-1, calling station ship No. 9, approximately 500 miies from Trepassey Bay. The first message from the Bar Har bor station to the navy department said: "At 12:10 a. m. heard the NC-4 send ing on four 50 meter, say: 'Passed 414.' Signals were weak." It was not certain at the department what the figures '414" meant. The second message sale': "At 12:25 heard the NC-4 tell Cape Race (Brit- (Continued on Page Two).