Newspaper Page Text
AH INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL THIRTIETH YEAR 12 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, MAY 26, 1919 12 PAGES VOL. XXX., NO. 30 ARIZONA RE PUB! ILSIIBH EIEPTlSffi1 DEIDTQK Slight Concession Grants Prior Charge on Assets JL S!rZ;j6HfjjgpJll Adequate security mer man Plan Insufficient PARIS. Miiy 23. tl'.y the Associated j Press) With the exception of one j minor concession, all sugge stions and ' 'counter proposals by Germany for the j disposition of the Sarre Basin, have I been rejected by the reply of the allied I ind associated powers. Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau's ap peal for an oral discussion of the points at Issue ou this subject was ignored. The concession agreed to is that Dei-many might create a prior charge upon her assets or revenues for the Payment of the mines in the Sarre re gion, if tile plebiscite goes against 1-' ranee. ll, however, the sum agreed upon is not paid within a year from the date it j is due, the reparation commission shall effect payment undr instructions from the league of nations. This alteration was made in view of Germany's declaration tha it was impossjlil'1 for her to accumulate a suf ficient sum of gold wuh which to pay for the mines in the fifteen years be fore ihc plebiscite is taken, since other reparations would constitute a constant drain. Make Texts Public WASH" NGTON, May 25. The state department tonight made public the text of notes exchanged by Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau, head of the Ger man peace delegation, and M. Clemen ceau, president of the peace confer ence, relative to final determination of the Sarre basin and the disposition of its coal products. The question was first touched upon in a note by the German delegation, dated May It, and later was made the subject of a dis tinct communication, May 18. The reply to both notes was handed to' the Germans yesterday. The test of the notes show the sug gestions of the Germans that viva voce discussion of questions as to the amount of coal to be supplied France and Belgium, and the transportation of t.u-h supplies: that the concerns dam aged in northern Manoe participate 1 y shares, to an extent agreed upon in such German coal mines as are charged with the delivery of coal to the regions decided upon: that in lieu of actual control, hy the associated powers, a system of economic guaran tees be instituted all were summar ily rejected. To the proposal that shares in the Sirrc mines be issued to damaged French concci ns, the reply assents that sii'jh shares "situated in German ter riiory, and subject to German exploi tation, would be of doubtful value to French holders, and would create a confusion of French and German in lereets." The most surprising of the propo sitions put forward in regard to the Sarre basin, is based on an expressed fear that the surplus of coal, over and above the home requirements, would not suffice for the quantities which the peaty of peace ha-s fixed, and the sug gtslion is made that the consumption of coal in Germany, France and Bel gium be rationed in due proportion. Clemenceau's Reply M. Cle-mcneeau, in reply, states that no arrangement of the kind put for ward could "give to France the se curity and certainty which she would receive from the full exploitation and free ownership of the mines of the Sarrc." The only real concession made to the i lermaiiH is to allay the apprehension expressed by Count Brockdorff-Rant- z.m, as to Germany's ability to effect the payment in gold ogreed upon. The concession, as made in the reply, is for the substitution of the following t for the present clause, governing such payments in the treaty: ' The obligation of Germany to make such payment shall be taken .into ac count by the reparation commission, find for the purpose of this payment German;.' may create a prior charge upon her assets or revenues, upon such detailed terms as shall be agreed to by the reparation commission. "If, nevertheless, Germany, after a period of one year from the date on which the payment becomes due. shall not have effected the said payment, the reparation commission shall do so in accordance with such instructions as may be given by the league of nations, and, if necessary, by liquidating that portion of the mines which is in ques tion. NEWS EPITOME FOREIGN Harry Hawker and pilot fount alive 1,100 miles at sea: rescued by small steamer and being taken to Eng land on British flagship. All exceptions to Sarre Basin terms, made by Germans, are denied. Germans plead all sorts of reasons for rot signing treaty. Clemenceau resents charge that Ger mans are made "chattels and pawrs." Winnipeg strike is spreading. DOMESTIC Congress has busy program set up for this week. Democ-ats plan for their presidential campaign in 1920. Aviator leaps from flaming plane, 200 feet to ground, and is killed. LOCAL Aged woman reported lost nearly three weeks ago, found dead on summit of mountain, nine miles from her home. Twelvo hundred Arizona men, of 89th arrive in New York and are greet ed by Governor Campbell on be half of stats and people. Army airplane squadron coming in about week on recruiting: cam- paign throughout state; Phoenix to be headquarters. To Keep Yanks Handy In Case Of Emergency COELENZ, Thursday, May 22. (By The Associated Press) Orders issued ten days ago, relieving the fourth and fifth divisions from the third army, have been suspended," because of the present uncertain conditions in the situation. The suspension orders reached Coblenz Tuesday, but were not made public until today. POSSIBLE REASONS FDR WJ$m Say Cabinet In Full Accord Claim Impossible to ffimnl ,r Wifli Cnn! ition? ' bate on peace questions and the league t Ompi N 1111 V,UNUtLlUlJSof nation3 are the principal features of Grant Belgian Rcspoii sibilitv BERLIN, Saturday. May 24. (By The Associated Press) "The cabinet ' and Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau are in fuu accord with respect to the gen eral outline and the specific proposals and counter proposals which will make un the German reply." according to an official statement made today after the return of Philipp Seheidemann, Mathi as Erzberger and Count von Bemstorff, from Spa. Dr. Bernhart Dernburg re mains in Spa. The German answer will he ready Tuesday, as the only work that is in complete is the co-ordination of text and the technical production of the document, which probably will be type written. The Spa conference, it was especial ly emphasized this morning, proceeded smoothly and consumed only a few hours, with the result that the under standing between Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau. and the delegates ac companying him, on the one hand, and Seheidemann and his associates on the other, disposes definitely of all rumors of serious friction inside the cabinet and among the peace delegates. See Many Contradictions BERLIN, Saturday, May 24. (By The Associated Press) A semi-official statement, issued today, says German counter-proposals on the peace treaty would be presented at the beginning of the week. The document is based on the principle of right contained in Sec retary Lansing's note, and will attempt to remove the "contradiction in the allied proposals, whereby Germany's economic progress i rendered impos sible, yet Germany is expected to bear the hardest economic impositions." TVie statement says the note will make positive proposals, showing what Germany can and cannot do, and de clare the fulfillment of certain require ments will only lie possible through community of effort by Germany and her enemies. Argue Over Saare COPENHAGEN. May 23. (By The Associated Press) According to a Hamburger newspaper, the German counter-proposats will include a de mand that the administration of the Rhine district shall remain German; Germany to deliver conl to France from I the Ruhr and Saare districts, but not j to acknowledge the plebiscite proposed j for 1934; Poland to be given the dis trict to the line of demarcation fixed by the armistice: other German east ern districts to hold plebiscites under German and neutral direction: Danzig to be a free harbor at the disposal of Poland, which would be allowed to have its own railroad connection with that city. Sends Thirteenth Note PARIS. May 25. (By The Associat ed Press) Count Brockdorff-Rant zau's thirteenth note to the allied coun- i cil was delivered this morning. It is rejoinder to the council's reply to the German note regarding responsibilities. Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau in sists tha t Germany's only responsibility is for the violation of Belgian neutral ity, which it is ready to make repara tion for. and declares that all the pow ers were responsible for the war and that the material damage done was the work of the allied armies as well as the Germans. Members Go To Berlin VERSAILLES. May 2",. (By The ! Associated Press)-General Count Max Montgelas and Professor Weber, mem hers of the German peace delegation, left for Berlin tonight. Before their departure they approved the reply to be made to the peace conference on the provisions of the treaty dealing with the demand for punishment of the for mer emperor and financial arrange ments. Heir Dietrich, another dele gate, also left for Berlin. BAPTISTS SPEND DAY IN RELIGIOUS RITES Republican A. P. Leased Wire DENVER, May 25. Delegates and visitors attending the Northern Bap tist convention here devoted today to religious services. , The convention ser mon was preached this morning by Dr. Harry Emerson Fosdick of Union Theological Seminary, New York City, before an immense audience at the municipal auditorium. Visiting cler-1 gymen also appeared in the pulpits of i Baptist churches and of many churches of other, denominations in the city to day and tonight. In the afternoon, a young peoples session was held at which the work of the young people in world recon struction was the principal subject of discussion. Tonight, Dr. Joseph C. Bobbins, foreign secretary of the for eign missionary society, addressed a large gathering on "our responsibility in India," and the Rev. James A. Francis of California spoke on "The New World in America." o TEXAS VOTE CLOSE DALLAS. May 25. Returns from 28?. towns in the slate, from yesterday's gneral election, give: For prohibition. 52.994; against, 4:1.900. For woman suffrage, 51.751 ; asainst, 4S.D13. SWIFT PAGE SET FITIIFI IflTMUSES Appropriations Come First; W oinan Suffrage a Close Second Speec . Peace To Be Sprinkled Throughout Entire Ses sionAdjourn Over Holi day TRepubiican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, May 25. Congress enters its second week tomorrow, with leaders planning to continue the swift, pace in legislation set during the open ing week. Organization of committees, disposal of the woman suffrage resolution, probably by adoption, and further de the week's program in the senate. Speed on appropriation bills is the immediate plan in the house. The S15, (,00,000 Indian bill expected to be passed tomorrow, will be followed by the $31.- ! 0U0.OO0 agricultural measure, with oth- I ers rapidly being put in form. Inaugura tion of investigations of administrative i acts during the war are planned by I house committees. I The week s work at the capitol will be curtailed by the Memorial day holi-, day next Friday, adjournments from next Thursday, until the following Monday, being planned. Contest over the woman suffrage res olution, passed by the house last week, promises to excite senate interest. Sup porters will call up the resolution to morrow on the motion of Senator Jones, republican, to discharge the senate woman suffrage committee from its consideration. This action would place the resolution on the calen dar ready for a final vote, possibly to morrow, and at least before the week end. Belief is general that the requisite two-thirds majority will be obtained. Will Ratify Chairmanships Republican senators will meet in ex ecutive conference before the senate convenes to ratify the committee as signments, including choice of Senators Penrose of Pennsylvania and u arren of Wyoming, for chairman of the fi nance and appropriations committees, respectively. Approval of the slates as drawn is expected. Renewal of the league of nations de bate is planned tomorrow in the senate. Senator Johnson, republican of Cali fornia, whose resolution requesting the text of the German peace treaty is the senate's unfinished business, proposes to call it up. Besides discussion of the resolution. Senator Reed, democrat of vnn,,H i,Jn. . Mi, i f the' covenant, and Senator Robinson, f democrat of Arkansas, has prepared an address in its support. Committees of both senate and house, after completion of organization, plan to get into action soon on many bills. Among the first expected is that of re turning telegraph and telephone lines to private ownership. Hearings on the naval appropriation bill will be started by the house com mittee next Tuesday. Appropriations for the army also will be considered by the house military committee. Repeal of the 10 per cent luxury taxes of the war tax law is to be pro posed soon bv the house ways and means committee. House appropriation committees hope to have all supply bills sent to-the senate by the middle of June, so as to meet necessities of the new fiscal vear July 1. The $1,200,000,000 deficiency appropriation, requested yesterday by the railroad administration, probably will be taken up next Wednesday. ship is FgTberg 1 BUT REACHES PORT ST. JOHNS, May 25. The Don aldson liner, Cassandra, which struck an iceberg, 160 miles off Cape Race, arrived tonight. Her forefoot was stove in by a low lying berg. The 400 passengers aboard were well. ST JOHNS Mmv 'iWiroi, for assistance were received today from the Donaldson liner, Cassandra, which reported that she had struck an iceberg 16 0 miles off Cape Race. The Donaldson liner ' Cassandra, which is reported to have struck an iceberg 160 miles off Cape Race, is not seriously damaged and is putting into St. Johns under her own power, ac cording to advices received here by agents of the line from the Cjper down wireless station. MONTREAL, May 26. These advic es added that officers and crew had been able to make temporary repairs at sea. The Cassandra left here for Glas gow last Wednesday with 210 cabin passengers and 127 steerage passen gers. The vessel also carried a large genera cargo. NEW TORK. May 26. The Cassan dra sailed from Montreal last Wed nesday for Glasgow. She is a vessel of 8,113 gross tons, with a length of 455 feet and was built in Greenock, Scotland. o SLACKERS KILL OFFICERS WHITESEURG. Ky., May 25. A. P. Hurt, United States deputy collector of internal revenue, was shot and killed and two members of his posse weie wounded near Pond Gap. on the Vir-Kiuia-KentucUy border today, while attempting to arrest twelve mountain eers, accused of evading tne selective service law. A 1 1 ail of blood left in the. wake of the fleeing mountain men indicated that one more of theia had been wounded. WANTS GERMAN TROOPS L1BAL', Friday, May 23. (Via. Ber lin). The Lett government has re quested the German government to permit German troops to Ktuain in Letvia. as the l.t-U Ljindswvhr is un able to hold the front ulune agains;' the bolsheviki HE'S BIGGEST MAN IN EUSSIA TODAY r: as-.. 4. (V To the man who's stuck the longest against the Bolsheviki seems likely to come the leadership in Russia. Kol chak. head of the Omsk government, has been recognized by the Archangel government as supreme and the allies, it is believed, are about to give him similar recognition. j GOVERNMENT OF KOLCHAK THOUGHT IN HIGH FAVOR ' PARIS, May 25. (Ey the Asso ciated Press) T!-.a impression in French circles today was that the council of four had decided unani mously to recognize the govern ment of Admiral Kolchak in Russia. At American headquarters, how ever, it was said no decision had been reached. TOKIO, Saturday, May 24. (By The Associated Press) It is un derstood that it has been officially suggested that the recognition of the power of the Omsk government shall be on the condition that the government satisfies all treaties and arrangements entered into by Russia, prior to the bolsheviki rev olution. on CITIES JOIN 1I1KSTIE I .,,...,,, ,, ,, - ,, L JV N I J' f' My ,2..-Mayor I Charles t': Gray today called a meet- ins.'5 the. -Q'J?cil to..yrtw, t decide the ' city's attitude toward unionized city employes who joined the Sympathetic s-trike. Mayor Gray said a number of city employes are ready to return to their positions, re gardless of the attitude of the central strike committee. Members of the Winnipeg postal workers union have been given until noon tomorrow, to return to work, in an ultimatum- issued by Senator Gid eon Robertson, federal minister of la bor and Arthur Meighen, minister of interior and justice. Telephone oper ators are considering a similar ulti matum from Premier T. C. Norris of Manitoba. CALGARY, May 25. Union workers today called a general strike to begin at 11 o'clock tomorrow,' in sympathy with the Winnipeg walkout. The vote to strike was carried four to one, and virtually all unions affiliated with the trades and labor council are affected. Essential activities, such as fire and police protection, delivery of milk, bread and other necessities, will be continued, it was announced and hotel and restaurant employes have been requested to remain at work. EDMONTON. .May 25. Edmonton unions today voted to 1 for a strike, effective tomorrow, in support of the general walkout in Winnipeg. TORONTO, May 25. A general strike is threatened here if an eight hour day is not granted. A virtual tie workers now on strike. A virtual tie up of all railroad transportation in On tario would be one result of such a general walkout, workers claimed. A meeting of all unions has been called for tomorrow night, when the ! decision to betaken will be determined j largely on the result of an afternoon conference between the strikers' com mittee and employers. o DEMOCRATS PLI1G FOR 1920 CiPll WASHINGTON, May 25. Plans of organization for the 1920 campaign will be communicated to democratic leaders in the states between the Mis sissippi river and the Pacific coast by Homer S. Cummir.gs, chairman of the democratic national committee, during tours of that section next month and in July. The tours will start immediately af ter the democratic national committee meeting in Chicago, Wednesday and Thursday. The first stop of Chairman Cummings and his party, which will , include. J. Bruce Kremer of Montana, vice chair man: 'Mrs. George Bass, chairman of the woman's bureau: W. R. Hollister, executive secretary and W. D. Jamie son director of finance, wiil be at Su Louis, May 30 and SI. State confer, ences then will be held as follows: Wichita. Kansas. June 2: Albu querque. New Mexico, June 4-5; Den- ver, Colorado, dates not setlli'd; Salt Lake City, Utah, June 11-13; Reno, Nevada. Junp 34: San Francisco north ern California I, .3 i-ie K,-j7: l.os An geles (outhe'n California ). June IS. 2": Phoenb:, Atizoim. dale not elected: J, Portland, Oregon, June 30 and July 1: i flight to the Azores covered 1.950 kilo Seattle and Tacortii. Washington, July I metres (1.211 miles), while Roget flew 2-; Srk.iue. Washington, . July 5-7; 2,170 kilometres (about 1.348 miles). Poise, Idaho, July 9-M; Pocalello. PARIS. May 25. Lieutenant Roget. Idaho, Jury ll; Helena. Montana. July ' according to a dispatch to the Temps 12; B'ii e, Montana. July in, fml Bill- i from Rahet, said flew 2200 kilometres ivf, I'.iiana. .Jtly Conferences 1 later. will beheld at Clieycr.no, Wyom- ing, and uina-ha Leaps 200 Feet ' From Blazing . Plane to Death CLEVELAND, May 25. Hun dreds of persons saw Frank Mc Cusker of New York, pilot of a mail airplane, leap 200 feet to his death, from a burning machine here today. Fifteen minutes before, he had announced that he would at-. if-1".?.1 .to "tablish record on his i flight to Chicago. 1 The cause of the accident is not known. When the machine was at ' a heinht of between 300 and 400 feet, McCusker was seen to climb to the frame. Then the airplane plunged and the pilot was seen to leap. McCusker was alive when picked up. He died in a police patrol while being taken to a hospital. His skull was fractured and his neck was broken. He is said to be the. first fatality since the inaugura tion of the government airplane mail service. 'TIBER' RESENTS BE CEMMS DE MTELS WASHINGTON, May 25. Declara tion by Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau, that it was "inadmissible that German populations should be bartered about from sovereignty to sovereignty, as if they were mere chattels and pawns in a game," has been met by Premier Clemenceau, speaking for' the associ ated powers, with the statement that in no case would self determination of pccples be denied under the peace treaty. The declaration of the head of the German declaration was embodies in a note addressed to the associated gov ernments, as represented at the Ver sailles conference. May 13, and made public tonight at the state department, along with the reply of M. Clemenceau. The German delegates objected spe cifically to the surrender of territorj' under the peace treaty in Silesia, Pos nia, West and East Prussia and also the Sarre basin, the demand for all of which, the German note asserts, is "obviously inconsistent with the prin ciples upon which the armistice and the negotiations for peace were proposed," because of the German population of the district. Count Brockdorff-Rantzau further charges the associated governments with the "bartering of territories" for the purpose of giving guarantees for financial or economic claims of the adversaries of Germany." "Old Tiger" Denies Charge In. replying to the German note M. Clemenceau said: . "I must emphatically deny, on behalf of the allied and associated govern ments, the suggestion contained in it (the German note) that German terri tories are by the treaty of peace made the subject of bargains between one sovereignty and another, as though they were mere chattels and pawns in a game. In fact, the wishes of the pop ulation of all the territories in question will be consulted and the procedure followed after such consultation has been carefully settled, with special re gard to local conditions." Omitting to take up the question of the restitutio of Alsace -Lorraine and the occupation of Kiel, Count von Brockdorff-Rantzau said he would dis cuss these provisions in a subsequent note. With respect to some of the territory which Germany is required to cede, including a part of that given to Poland 1 and also Schleswig, Count von Brock dorff-Rantzau admitted that the "prin ciple of national self determination may indeed be assured." Reveals Startling Fact Premier Clemenceau's reply dealt specifically with provisions which have been drawn up for the administration of the Sarre basin, under the league of nations, as affecting the political rights of its population. These provisions, he said, secure the rights and welfare of the population, assure the "mainten ance of all their present liberties," and, in addition, 'guarantee to them in fi nancial and social matters, a number of special advantages." The provision for a plebiscite at the end of 15 years, he said, will'enable this population to determine the final form of government of the territory in which it lives," in full freedom and not neces sarily to the advantage either of France or, Germa ny." t Replying to an objection in the Ger man rote, against the disposition of Schleswig in the peace treaty, because of Denmark's neutrality. Premier Clem enceau said this provision was inserted in the treaty at the request of the Dan ish government and the population of Schleiwig. FBI AVIATOR Oil LONG IIP DAMAGED CASABLANCA. Morocco. May 23. Lieutenant Roget, a French aviator, who left Paris early yesterday morning on the first leg of a projected trans Atlantic flight by way of Dakar to Brazil, landed a! 6 o'clock last night at Kenitra, thirty kilometers from Rabat. His machine was damaged in landing and the trans-Atlantic trip will have to be abandoned. Roget came down on a very difficult ground. The machine had left Villa Coubley,, France, at 5:10 o'clock Satur day morning, carrying, as a passenger Captain Coli. who previously had crossed the Mediterranean. Coli was slightly bruispd when the machine came down. The entire trip was cov ered without a stop. i The aviators arrived last night at ' Rabat by automcbi'.e. As their machine .cannot be repaired here, the aviators I will return to France by steamer. ; Lieutenant Roget seems to have beat- en the record of the American navv ; seaplane NC4. which, in its recent i in 33 hours and 50 minute.-, at an aver- i age sreed of more than lSj kilometres ' (abyut 114 miles) a I'uur. VKER, ALIVE, PICKED UP SBY SMALL STEAMER, 1100 MILES AT SEAAND WELL Was 800 Miles From Destination Rescued by Small Steamer Without Wireless land Sunday Evening--Went to Water When Engine Clogged London Mail Donates $25,000 As "Consola tion Prize" Daring Flyer Wires Cause of Trouble Due In London Tomorrow Evening Britain Electrified at News. LONDON, May 25. Hawker has sent the following message from the Revenge to the Daily Mail: "My machine stopped owing to the water filter in the feed pipe from the radiator to the water pump being blocked with refuse, such as solder, and the like shak in loose in the radiator." "It was no fault of the Rollys Royce motor, which ran absolutely perfectly from start to finish, even when all the water had been boiled away. "We had no trouble in landing on the sea. where we were picked up by the tramp ship Mary, after be ing in the water for ninety min utes. We leave Thurso at 2 p. m., Monday, arriving in London Tuesday evening." LONDON, May 25. The London Daily Mail which offered a purse of $50,000 for the first flight by a heavier-than-air craft across the Atlantic ocean, will give Haw ker and Grieve a consolation prize of 5.0C0 pounds sterling. LONDON, May 25 Mrs. Haw ker, wife of the aviator, received the news from the Mary early this morning at her home near Surbi ton, and posted a notice outside her home reading: "Mr. Hawker has been found. He is on the boat Mary bound for Denmark." A crowd'of villagers sooVi gath ered and showered Mrs. Hawker with congratulations. LONDON, May 25. Hawker and Grieve were in the water an hour and a half before being taken aboard the Steamer Mary. LONDON, May 25. (By the Asso ciated Press) Missing for six days and virtually given up for lost, Harry G. Hawker and his navigator, Lieu tenant Commander MacKenzie Grieve British airmen, who essayed a flight across the Atlantic ocean without pro tection against disaster, save what their frail airplane afforded, are safe tonight aboard a British warshio off the Orkneys. Tomorrow they will reach the mainland and proceed to London, where they will be acclaimed as men returned to life. Some 1,100 miles out from New Foundland. and SO miles from the Irish coast. Monday, May 19, the avia tors, making the best of an engine which was failing to function properly, w;ere forced to alight on the water. The little Danish steamer, Mary, bound from New Orleans and Norfolk for Aarhuus, Denmark, picked the wayfarers up and continued on her northward voyage. Lacking a wirelesj outfit, the captain was obliged to with hold the good tidings of the rescue until he was opposite Butt of Lewis, where the information was signalled by means of flags, that Hawker and Grieve were aboard his ship. Immediately word was flashed to the British admiralty, which sent out destroyers to overtake the Danish ves sel and obtain confirmation. This was. done and one of the destroyers took the airmen off, and later trans ferred them to the flagship Revenge. Hawker Sends Message From this safe haven, Hawker sent a message tonight that his machine had stopped owing to the blocking of the w'ater circulation system. When the airplane sped awav from her starting point, I'ilot Hawker let loose his wheels and under-gearing. thereby lightening the weight of the machine by a consideiable amount, but making a possible landing in Ireland a more hazardous venture. This prob ably proved of much advantage wheo it became necessary to alight on th water. The airplane remained afloat without difficulty, during the hour and a half it took the Danish steamer to effect a rescue. All England is stirred by the news of the safety of the two aviators, but owing to the difficulties of communi cation, sometime must pass before the full details of the voyage are known. The one person in England who had always held hope was Mrs. Harry G. Hawker. She always maintained thai iProvidence would protect her man, and, though she received condolences from all classes of people, including the king, she said today that she had never ceased to believe that some time and in some way her husband would come back. LONDON. May 25. Harry G. Hawker and Lieutenant Commander Mackenzie Grieve, the two airmen who started last Sunday in an attempt to fly across the Atlantic ocean from St. Johns, New Foundland, have been pic ked up at sea and landed in Scot land. Both men are in perfect health. Plane Not Salvaged It is officially announced by the admiralty that the aviators were picked up in latitude 50.20, longtitude 29.30, having alighted jelose to the lit tle Danish steamer Mary, owing to a stoppage of circulation in the water pipes between the radiator and the daier pump. The Sopwith airplane was not sal vaged. The first report of the aviators since their "jump off 'last Sunday, came when the Mary, which was bound from Norfolk to Aarhuus, rounded the Butt of Lewis today and wigwagged the fact that she had Hawker and Grieve aboa rd. "Saved' hands of Sopwith airplane," was the signal. "It it Hawker?" was the question sent out by the flags from ihe Butt, which is the most northwesterly point of the Hebrides group off Scotland. "Yes," laconically replied the Mary. The admiralty immediately sent out a fast torpedo boat destroyer in an en deavor to intercept the Mary and take off the aviators. There was an anxi ous wait of several hours, when the word was flashed that the destroyer had come across the steamer and tiansf erred Hawker and Grieve and a taking them to Thurso, on the northern coast of Scotland, about 100 miles east of the Butt of Lewis. The First News Reaches Main destroyer, the Revenge, reported to the admiralty this afternoon, that Hawker and Grieve would sleep on board tonight. The aviators will reach London at 7 o'clock Tuesday evening. News Electrifies Britain The news of the rescue has electri fied all Britain. Eight destroyers, after a thorough search of the Atlantic for 300 miles from the Irish coast, had given up the quest and there was prac tically no hope that the airmen were alive. This morning, however, the forlorn hope that the aviators might be picked up by some craft without wireless was realized. The Danish steamer. Mary, crawling along at nine konts, was the lucky vessel, and her brief message to the watchers at the Butt of Lewis, as she proceeded on her way to Scot land, left the public to speculate won- deringly over the details of the air men's adventures. ' The admiralty immediately dis patched destroyers from northern points to intercept the Mary and the Daily Mail instructed all signal sta tions to try to communicate with the captain with the urgent request to land -the aviators at some Scottish port. The admiralty quest succeeded and a wireless came from the destroyer Woolsun, late in the evening, that she had overtaken the Mary and had transferred the aviators. - Nothing but some great battle has excited London more than today's un expected tidings. The public was dis posed to question whether the first report could be trusted, and the ad miralty statement that it was taking measures to verify the report indicated doubt, which the Woolsun's message dispelled. The modest Hawker home near Sir biton was quickly the center of in terest. Crowds of people swarmed there. Mrs. Hawker who had only on Satur day received a telegram of condolence from King George said: "I had a presentiment all along that I should see my husband again. I was confident all the time, although every one condoled with me. I am overjoyed and too overcome to talk now." St. Johns is Joyful ST. JOHNS, May 23. Messages from London today announcing the safety of Hawker and Grieve spread through this city rapidly. Rejoicing was general, but was per haps greatest among the group of British aviators who had been prepar ing to follow Hawker. Captain Frederick P. Raynham. who was stopped in his attempt to follow Hawker by the collapse of his Mar tinsyde s under cariage, had held firm ly to the belief that Hawker and Grieve would be found somewhere north of Scotland- "The storm assumed the form of an eg, extending northwest from the Azores." said Raynham. "That meant that Hawker would first encounter northeast winds, then easterly winds, then a strong set of winds from the south, those from the south being con1 tinuous and stronger than the others." Further apparent substantiation of Raynham's theory was found in reports brought here last night by the British freighter Glendevon from London. The wireless office of the Glendevon said at 1:30 Monday morning, (Green wich time) he overheard the steamer Sammanger sending to "DKA." the Sopwith's radio designation, her po sition as fifty degrees 28 minutes north latitude, and thirty degrees, west lon gitude. Subsequently, the Sammanger informed thi officer it had sighted the red light of a plane to the north. - A few hours later, the Glendevon was overtaken by a northeast gale, working down from the direction in which the red light, believed to have been that of the Sopwith plane, had disappeared. The Glendevon sent out repeated calls to others ships, broadcasting the reported positions of the Sopwith and requesting that ships stand by to give aid, but received response only from the cableship Faraday. The log of the Glendevon shows the developments of the weather which Hawker went through and which the captain of the Glendevon said he stated at the time was "so tempestous that no planecould live through it." Unloading of the parts of the Vimy bomber which is to attempt the trans Atlantic flight was virtually completed today. Captain "Jack" Alcock, pilot, saya he expected to have his twin-engined plane ready to fly before the Handley Page, which has been two weeks under assembly at Harbor Grace. The Vimv will be assembled at Quidividi. Rayn ham having offered the use of his air drome for that purpose. Captain Alcock and Lieutenant A. W. Brown began assembling the Vimy this afternoon and it was expected that within ten days the 700 horsepower bomber, built to storm Berlin from the skies, will be ready for its peace time assignment of crossing the Atlantic. o ISSUE WHEAT BULLETIN Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK, May 25. The food administration grain corporation is sued tonight the first of a proposed series of weekly bulletins covering wheat and flour movements through out the United States. The bulletin covering the week ending Maj- S showed : "Receipts from farms, 2.16S.000 bush els, against 3,007,000 bushels for the same week a year ago. Total stocks in elevators, mills and terminal elevators, 96.000,000 bushels, against 34.000,000 bushels a year ago. Flour produced, week ending May 9 2,553,000 barrels. Exports of flour from Julv 1. 1918 to April 30, 1519, '21,500,000 barrels. Total exports of wheat and flout from July 1. 1918, to April 30, 1919, figured as wheat, 245.000.000 bushels, against 113.000,000 bushels for the previous 12 months.