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.THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN. THURSDAY MOR.NING, JUNE. 26, 1919 THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN PHOENIX. ARIZONA Published Every Morning by the ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY All communications to be addressed to the Company: Office. Corner of Second and Adams Street Entered at the Postuffice at Phoenix, Arizona, as Mail Matter of the Second Class President and General Manager Dwight B. Heard Business Manager Charles A. Stauffer Assista Business Manager W. W. Knorp Editor J. W. Spear News Editor . ,E. A. Young SUBSCRIPTION KATES IN ADVANCE Daily and Sunday, one year $8.00 Daily and Sunday, six months Dally and Sunday, three months 2.00 Daily and Sunday, one month TELEPHONE EXCHANGE Branch exchange connecting all departments 4331 General Advertising Representative, F.obert E. "Ward; yew York Office, Brunswick Building; Chicago Office, Mailers Building. MEMBER OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Receiving Full Night Report, by Leased Wire The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for re-publication of all news dispatches cred ited to it or not otherwise credited in this paper and also the local news published herein. All right of re-publication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. THURSDAY MORNING, JUNE 26, 1919 It is no flattery to give a friend a due character; for commendation is. as much the duty of a friend as rep rehension. k Plutarch. A Party and a President ; "The wicked flee when no man pursueth." The impression which all must have received from the address of Chairman Homer S. Cummings of the National Democratic Committee, at the Y. M. C. A. : stadium on Tuesday night, was that the democratic !ariy is on tne fletensive along the whole line. We , have a right to entertain that impression, for Mr. Cummings alone is the official spokesman of his inere nas Deen no lnaictment OI tne democratic parly by any body authorized to frame such a bill. In certain speeches in congress members have laid ' MrfllQlllinne nraint( (hn ,-, i .- . . .... l.... 1. - Hcx-usations do not constitute an indictment on which Mr. Cummings need go to trial. .' ' There has been some very vigorous and pointed . criticism of the president for his conduct of the war as well as for his hesitation and vacillation previous 10 our entrance into the war when it was generally lecognized that war was inevitable. But these ac cusations were uttered more plainly and more bit 1'urly by democrats themselves, notably by Senator . tnamuenain ot Oregon and Senator Hitchcock of Nebraska. There has also been republican criticism ;of the sixty-fifth congress but that cannot lie against "democrats as a party since that congress was repu diated by the people at the first opportunity afforded after Ave got into the war. 'Raker and Burleson a,re democrats and they have M";leen severely attacked by democrats as well as by 'icpublicans. Even Mr. Cummings himself has not goffered a word of defense in behalf of either of "ihem. Back of his apparent self-imposed task of de fending the democratic party, looms the real business .of Mr. Cummings, the defense, the glorification of the v president. It is not what the democratic party has 'done or has not done that engages the attention of the chairman. It is the transcendent greatness and -wisdom of the president, who ho informs us will us Abetter understood fifty years hence than he is now. ! In a half century there will be a truer perspective, a keener appreciation than we now have. There is in 4 this statement of Mr. Cummings an admission that ."Hie president needs a defense; that there' is a popu lar impression, without reason, of course, that he is culpable. But the world will see more clearly in fifty "years which will be forty-nine years after the cam - "Vuign of 1920. S One can hardly free himself of a suspicion that Mr. Cummings is preparing the way for the renom vi nation of the president. His visit to hitherto "terrae "-' incognitae" in national politics; to localities which cpunt less in general campaigns than they do in na--tional conventions, leads us to believe that he is not solidifying the democratic party for November of 1020 but rather, that he is attuning the democrats of 'lie more sparsely settled states of the west to the Ihird term notion. His task, whether a difficult one or not, is an embarrassing one, requiring a distortion of many 1 lacts and the ignoring of many others. He must keep ""t-'i'enoe about our .Mexican policy, about our vacilla tion there as well as for three years of the world v ar; he must gloze over our entire military unpre ;, paredness which was off-set in an unexpected man gier by the genius of Crowder and the patriotism of -merican men and women; of American labor and v-merican capital, and the equally unexpected de velopment of our national resources. He threw the eil over the all but fatal blundering of Baker and -camouflaged the fearful financial cost of the blund ,'.'iing, ' Testifying to the rapidity with which 'we moved -vhen once we started, Mr Cummings said that at the pilose of the war we had nearly 3,000,000 men in Europe. As a matter of fact we had 2,080,000 and when the great German drive began nearly a year "after we were forced into the war we had less than 300,000 men there. . We had at that time few airplanes of our on IS tiiipugh we had been experimenting and wasting ,'$600,000,000 for nine months, and as to equipment it the testimony of every returning artileryman we J. have met that after the training he had had in this ountry, he had to undergo a hurried, intensive train ing in France, if there was time, in the use of the i' rench 75's, for the reason that American guns and ammunition were not available. Frequently for lack of time this new training had to be undergone at the J"ront, under the fire of the enemy. Yet Mr. Cum jnings spoke of our hurried and admirable equipment. -That will not be impressive to the two million boys who were there and saw, and will te.ll their neigh bors what they saw. . They will further resent the transfer of all the g'ory of their achievements, and they were glorious, -to- the president in whom Mr. Cummings finally deposited that glory. Without his superhuman fore "'.light and wisdom the courage and self-sacrfice of :ur soldiers must have gone for nothing. . Lastly Mr. Cummings commits the democratic - party to internationalism, because the president is nn internationalist, because he has enlisted in the "direction of all human affairs. America is to be made through the democratic party (by Mr. Wilsdn) sub servient to humanity. AVe do not think the demo cratic party will follow this lead. A good democrat, the same as a good republican, is first of all an American. It is by the building up of America that he can best serve the whole world. Soft Drinks By Definition It was brought out in the debate on prohibition legislation in the house on Tuesday that prohibition which seemed to be pretty rigid is necessarily going to be pretty flexible, depending upon the varying spirit of the times. There is the very indefinite meaning of the expression "intoxicating liquor." The only definition it can have is what the law can giv it. An alcoholic content of one-half-of-one-per cent -has been rather arbitrari'y fixed for those beverages known as near-beer. Whether the man most sus ceptible to the influence of alcohol could get drunk on that kind of a beverage is uncertain, but many person who are peculiarly susceptible say that they can "feel" a single glass of it. Edgar Allen Poe who gained the reputation of being a person of bibulous habits, It is said, could be thrown into a state of intoxication by a cup of tea. So likewise, mate, a drink of Brazil and other South American countries, containing no alcohol at all produces a degree of exhilaration "which cannot be distinguished from a high state of alcoholic in toxication which precedes the period of depression which always winds up an alcoholic spree. Gener ally we may conclude that a liquor which may be intoxicating to one man is a non-intoxicant to an other. It may be said, though, in favor of the near beers of small alcoholic content that there is no likelihood that they will produce intoxication for the reason that not enough of that kind of bev erage will be consumed at one time. Though some of the near beers are so nearly like a high grade of beer that experienced beer-drinkers cannot ten the difference, and though they feel an the so-called refreshing effect of old time beer no one cares to drink more of that beverage than he would of water or lemonade just enough to quench his thirst. The near-beer lacks that excitant qual ity which in beer induces men to guzzle stein after stein until intoxication ensues. Reverting, though, to the fact that an intoxicat ing liquor is whatever the law says it is, we are likely from time to time to have widely different definitions, permitting alcoholic ' contents ranging from one-half of one per cent to say, four per cent, and in whatever it may be, will be reflected the sen timent of the people at the time. So it may come about that in a few years beer of considerable strength and light wines will become "soft drinks" according to definition by law. In the uncertainty of legislation on this point, however, it is not likely that a great brewery or wine making industry will spring up. The near beer plants, we suppose, would take on as great flexibility as the law making power so that they could ac commodate themselves readily to any new federal legislation on the subject. Also, there would doubtless remain in the states and municipalities the same power to define intoxi cating liquors as there now is to enact prohibition or local option laws, so that a state, dissatisfied with too great federal liberality could make itself "dry" as to the federal ''soft drinks." ' Restoration of Peace Notwithstanding a slight sting in the caption "Our Near Metropolis," we accept the following from the Tucson Citizen as a proper signature of the peace treaty between Phoenicians and Ancient Pueblans. Even the Germans sent with notice of their intention to sign on the dotted line, some observations calcu lated to irritate the allies: The Arizona Republican shows considerable heat because The Citizen responded in kind to an article written for the El Paso Herald by Colonel James H. McClintock, in which the latter made some comparisons between Phoenix and Tucson, tending to show that the old pueblo is far overshadowed ty the capital cVy. The Republican thinks that the editor of The Citizen is suffering from a case of grouch. Particularly is The Republican peeved because reminded of the statement-of an illustrious citizen to the effect that the Roosevelt dam will some day fill up with boulders. - The Republican is too serious. The editor can not take a joke. The Phoenicians always take them selves too seriously. No one in Tucson would try to belittle in any way the greatness of Phoenix. The people of that city deserve everything they get, par ticularly at this season of the year. The Republican concludes by saying some nice things about Tucson and not to be outdone, we wanf to pay our respects to the gem city on the banks of the Salt. Phoenix is as progressive a city as one will find in the whole country. The newspapers give a fair idea of its prosperity. Both The Republican and the Gazette reflect the-great enterprise of our neighbor. The advertising columns tell of the great growth and development of the capital city and Ari zona may well be prond of the near-metropolis. Far be it from us to say a word which would cause a depreciation of the Irish bonds, but we think the date of their maturity fixed by Mr. de Valera, "six months after the English evacuation," is so In definite that prospective purchasers will hesitate. In six hundred years there has been so far as we can now casually recall, but one instance of Englisu evacuation. That was when the attempt to chastise the rebellious American colonies was abandoned. It is easy to see why it is difficult to find signers on the part of Germany, of the peace treaty. In a. future century, when the circumstances have been forgotten, the names of the signers will be held in national and popular detestation. What are we going to do with all those 3 -cent stamps we have left over, we'd like to know? We do not expect the approaching thunder storm to break the back of summer but we are trustful that it will give it a jolt. ODORS A flower betrays you, you, the blithe and brave" A succory blossom down some lane we knew; For being lovely, it was all of you ; Ever it runs betwixt me and your grave. Or else a song; haply, in broken wise. Shrilled in the dusk from passing market wain, A word of spring, of white quince in the rain; From my day's task I look up to your eyes. But, oh, the scent of smoke across the air. Blown through the yellowy, phantom trees of town! Of grass, against a skirt out in the sun! Of an bid cupboard glistening down a stairl I think some time that I will sit me down And weep my heart quite out, and so be done! Lizette Woodworth Reese, in the Sonnet. BACK A Weekly With a Hump on It. "We Cover the Desert. Price: Tut! Tut! Ariz., June 26, '19 Twenty-first Trif. THAT JUSTICE MAY BE DONE Having left the white lights and the mad whirl of Phoenix' night life, we relaxed the tight grip on the lines and let the old mare jog her own way along the moonlit road to the ranch while we fumbled around for the can of tobacco in its accustomed place between the dashboard and the footrail. It wasn't there. We had left it there before we haa gone into the movie house. Evidently while we were being transfixed by the 1 errors of Trilby some more prosaic local villain rifled the rig of our can of tobacco. And here we were, horns- ward bound on a Saturday night, fac ing a Sunday on the ranch without a pinch of tobacco on the pjace. The prospect led us to contemplate the greatness of our self-styled civili zation, the 'superiority of ourselvt over the rest of the world, and the pet lection of our. great institution known as "justice and the law." Take the incident at hand as an il lustration. Very probably either some vagrant or a wayward youngster had seen the can of tobacco in the rig, un guarded, and had appropriated it. In eitner event, follow the thing to a hypothetical conclusion. ' If the vagrant had been caught at it, he possibly would be lodged in jail to languish over Sunday. On Monday afternoon, we would have to take our more or less valuable time and appear as a witness against him. Unless some clever attorney succeeded in having the case thrown out of court on a minor technicality, the defendant would be found guilty. And his pun ishment would probably be a sus pended sentence of a little trick in the local jail, the sentence being suspended on condition that the bum leave town. He would probably accept the condi tion and hop a freight to the next town and there go through a similar pi gram. And so on and so on from one town to another. In the second instance, the young ster would get word to his parents. very probably, as has too often been the case, not only in this town but in others, the boy would "come of very respectable parents, well-to-do and prominent citizens." If the parents had ample political pull the police would withold the name of tlfe young ster from the newspapers. Otherwise, the parents would have to appeal to editors of the papers for protection. Same old gag: "Why, it's the first time comes of very respectable peo ple his mother is just simply pros trated over it requires the attention of a physician it would actually kill her if the story were to get out. Etc. Etc." At the courts, the prosecution would make a half-hearted attempt at con viction, and would even then wind up with a recommendation for leniency on the part of the court. The court would announce that he would not pass sentence now, but would "take the matter under advisement." ' And police reporters will tell you that it takes a regular sleuth to keep. track of and find out some weeks or months later just what they did to the pilferer. In the meantime, the boy is turned loose on the public, his mother grad ually recovers from the shock, resumes tao interrupted social calendar, and begins tc prepare her lecture for the next club meeting on "Crime In the Slums of New York." The father be gins to scurry around, visiting his minister, the secretary of the local Y. M. C. A. and other "welfare workers" in an effort to learn what he should have begun to learn when the boy was yet in his swaddling clothes how and what to do with him. At this stage of the game he will probably wind up with sending for a bunch of catafogues from private schools, boarding schools, "boys' " schools, and some so-called "military" schools, where he can pay to have others "take the kid off his hands," And the public? Oh, the public has gotten used to it by this time. The public still comes to town in rigs and automobiles. But they have learned that they, can never leave tne autos unlocked, nor can they, leavo cackaces or extra wraps, blankets 01 cans of tobacco in their cars while they go about their business in town or to their desk in the office. It has gotten to be funny, for if anyone is goinr out on the street for a minute. an anxious fellow employe gives this parting exhortation: "Say, Bill, on you'rt going down to the corner, look ar.d see if my car is still there, and if it is, see if that spare tire is still thre or my overcoat or bundle of laundry, etc., etc. The remedy? Well, an eminent jurist friend puts it this way: "It is not so much a matter of providing for heavy or severe punishment for the c VMSBion of a given offense. It is, to my mind, more a matter of seeing to it that whatever punishment is pro vided for by the statutes is carried out unerringly, swiftly and surely. believe that if a man who contem plates the commission of an offense against the peace of a community knows and knows well that he will be surely punished when caught, ho will think twice before he commits the crime. It is not that our criminal figures that he won't get caught, so much as it is that experience teaches him that even if he does get caught there is a prc-lty good chance of worm inp out of it or having the punishment lightened. And this, I believe, ap plies whether the crime contemplated is murder or petty thievery. To be sure, whoever took our can of tobacco knew that if he got caught his chances of "getting out of it" were very good. . "It would have made nn difference to him whether the penalty was "five and costs" or ten years. And, we have the temerity to sug gest, it is this that is at the bottom of all this hub-bub and . to-do over the courtmartial system in the army. The swiftness, the sureness, and the rigid ity of it all was too much for some of the civilian attorneys who got into the judge advocate general's depart ment during the war. But, did you ever have occasion to compare the per centage of crime in the army with that in a similar civilian population? SING A SONG OF WISHES Sing a song of wishes. Motoring to town. Here and there and everywhere, Lp the road and down. Wish for every spreading roof 1 hat happiness abide With cheer and full prosperity Around its fireside. Wish for tender, loving care lor every child you see. Wish for perfect blossoming For flower and field and tree. Wish for singing, winging bird Gladsome days to roam, Ski- of blue to circle through And brooding mate at home. Hail the wayside wayfarer As you would greet a friend, Wish for passing motoaist Joy at journey's end. Sink a song of wishes Scatter far and wide Luck and love and friendliness. On all the countryside. Edith Rockwood. WANTED: A K. H. BIRD AND HIS FRIEND The Last. Word Signs In Germany Can't sign. Won't sign Resign Will sign. Or, to use the German of Hamlm. soliloquy: "Sein Oder nicht sein. Das ist der frage." And to make sure of it, we had to drag out the worn Hun grammar of oi school lays and look up the genoVr of the word "frage." Strange to sa. we had guessed it aright. If some kind hearted bird Were to beckon me and say, "Bo, I'm going away for a rest On the coast or in the hills; And while I'm gone I think it best That you take my auto and Use it for yourself And the wife and the kids. Because I'm not going to use it While taking my rest, and The thing needs to be kept. In running order while I'm gone. rd hate to leave it alone In tie shed; It might be stolen O the shed might burn up Or rats get into the gears Or i might get all rusty So take it and use it And no thanks necessary." Our musings were brought to an abrupt end by the mare's pulling up at the gate. After unhitching we led her out along the ditch bank to the rope and chain where we had her staked out in the morning. If we had any doubt as to the justification ot our contention that our courts ano the bar seemed to foster criminality, it was banished by the sickening ease with which we yanked the- rope through the grass toward us. Thu customary heavy drag of the- chain was lacking. In our absence, some nut-brown neighbor had come over and cut off the chain for his own use. Back to the rig we trailed, the old mare ambling behind us. to get tint hitching strap that we use in such emergencies. And while rumaging around under the seat for the strap our hand fell upon a familiar object. Cold sweat stood out on our forehead and our mouth got dry. . It was the can of tobacco that wt were sure "some vagrant, or a way WA..I youngster had appropriated." I say, if some k. h, bird Would speak words like them To me what would I do? Whnt would I say? why A big lump would come up , In my throat, 'n my Emotions would all swell up And warp; and when I could Get control o' myself I'd say like this: "Thanks, Mister. Now, if You gotta friend like you Who owns an oil well Or a service station, and You can get him to supply Me with gas and oil, etc. And especially etc.. Mister, Why, 1 11 be glad to Take your car and use it And I'll be much obliged to the two of you. And I'll tell our minister To use your kindness As his theme in his sermon Next Sunday." Few pastimes are more fascinating and entertaining of an evening than for one to pore over some of the old boyhood school books. Having settled the matter of the sex of the Hun word above, we mused through the pags of our boyhood Lehrbuch. We came to the "Funf und dreitszigst Lektion," which leads off, in the well known modest style of the Hun. some what as follows: (we furnish the translation free) "Of all language the German is the most pliable .in J the richest. In no language in trc world (get that!) can one, out of 3 single word, build so many words as he car, in the German." Which choice morsel of modern Lrought back to us over the waste ot years a characteristically Hun crea tion that runs something like thi:1 (being one word y'unnerstan't "einigefreinigeisenbaumsatz." Some pliability there, you can believe u. What it means, we have forgotteni very probably we have not pieced 11 together rightly. But it's a fair sample. And then we rambled over the pages until we came to the fly-leaf, and there v. e note one of our own rare pieces of art. It is nothing more nor less than a pen and ink portrait of a gent who has, since sitting for our sketching him. come much into the public eye. Under the handiwork is the legind. put there by our own little fist: "ft.t Kaiser Wilhelm der Orosze (der dritteh" But really, isn't he "der sweitzte?" He's a swell looking duck according to our interpretation of him. Got him in uniform, epaulettes and a sword: We very probably did the work after being ostracised from the class be- ause we hadn t learned our lesson on Der Kaiser." And the dear old Frau Havercamp, our Teutonic teacher, h.id very probably regaled us with he, daily expressed opinion of us, towit: "Ach! Setc dich, du faule, dtima junge! Warrum studieren sie nicht?" . There has been much sharpening of pencils in the village and around the southwest generally since our an nouncement that we 'will soon put out our "Sinall Town" edition of the Camel's Back. Poor old Frau! She was a good tfid soul, and unwittingly peddled Hun propaganda to the school kids for years and years. And then she sud denly died. There were a legion of friends among the alumni some ot them with grown children whom she hr.d taught and who mourned her loss. We all "chipped in" and placed 11 memorial 1 ablet to her memory in the sacred halls of the old high school building. Und so geht es! YES, AND THEN? Through an exclusvie arrangement with the Camel's Back, the traffic cop will blow his whistle to notify our host of readers of the signing of the peace treaty by the Huns. Lassen for the wisseL . "Hump!" said the gen-ooine Ari zonian as he stood before the street thermometer and read 115 degrees, "you have been a long time get tin' here." Ond so saying, he pulled off his ear-muffs and mitts, and waited anx iously for the mercury to rise so th.1 he could take off his overcoat. Copyrighted j cp&ftg I, Too, Go in for Disguises and Find a ' Good One Tommy was gone! To kill Hamilton Certeis on my account! He was out of sight before I could put a restrain ing finger on his arm, or raise a pro testing whisper! Once I had faced death without fear, and something worse than death, but never had I been so shaken with mortal terror as In the moment after Tommy left me. Certeis deserved to die for his sins against my country, and I did not care how soon he might die but he must not die at Tommy's handsj My adopted brother must not be a murderer! I realized that I must find Tommy at once that I must stop him! Against my own judgment and Tommy's advice. I must go itno the streets with nothing to prevent my friends from recognizing me except my thick dark veil. I didn t like the work before me and as I hurried to my room to get my hat and veil, an undercurrent of thought bothered me. I compared Bob, sub consciously, with the man I had last talked to. I m always doing that. And I thought that never, never would my temperate Bob flare up so suddenly, rush off so unreasonably, upon such a mad venture, not even because of an insult to me. . I decided that I liked a man to be reasonable like Bob. Any comparison I ever make always comes out in Bob's favor. I suppose there s some good rea- sct why a girl chooses one particular man and not some other for a mate. Never would I have to follow Bob all over town to save his soul from the stain of murder. I threw down the newspaper I car ried and picked up my hat. A full-page ad caught my eye. Women were wanted as telegraph messengers. "Come pre pared to go to work! Uniforms pro vided!" the ad read. A uniform! And for me a disguise! And some disguise for the former Mrs. "Isn't Nexdore's wife rather fond of an argu ment?" "Is she? Why, that woman is so fond of an argument she won't even eat ajiytiins that acrees with her." to put forth selling effort beyond a certain point. The head of this concern with a 90 per cent monopoly once neia a con vention of salesmen at his factory, to which he invited the wives of the sales man, and he openly explained to the wives why the husbands did not bring nome more raonej . Robert Atwood Lorimer! And an oc cupation which would keep me in the streets downtown where I could watch ftfr both Tommy and Certeis! Before I took the initial step to get a job, however, I tried to reach Tommy by phone. The girl in his store re ported that he had just called her up, and had left some orders, and had said ho had to go out of town to stay a day Or two! " . In a day or two Tommy would be in jail unless I hurried. As I adjusted my hat I thought that my face in the glass was whiter than usual. I had been shut up, practically as a prisoner, first in one place and then in another, ever since I had run away from the Lorimer home. I was rather pallid, and I recalled what a good disguise a fashionable make-up of rouge and powder had once achieved for me. Of course that wouldn t do at all for a messenger girl. But a coat : of tan would meet my need perfectly. 1 lound all tne cosmetics 1 requireu in .the hotel drug store. It was a shop much patronized by actors. Among other wardrobe properties, I came across a w-ig, bobbed like the hair 01 a musical genius. In a short time I had achieved my disguise and acquired my job with my uniform and my first message. Ihis took me to Syke's drug store, at the corner, near Certeis' alley gate. : I felt a stranger to myself, under my cap, and back of my brown complexion, as I smoothed down my straight bobbed hair. "Here's luck in a queer form." I said to myself apropos of my uniform. I was getting close to Syke's store, and was walking along the street which touches one side of Certeis' property when I looked up and beheld a banana peddler coming toward me. He could touch me in passing. Would he know me? ; - (To Be Continued) A Cleveland concern has a basic patent on a device used about railroaa and mill yards for lifting metal on and off cars. It allows its principal competitors to also make and sell this device with out royalties. The theory is that the burden will be divided in the matter of selling ant advertising for a wider use of the device. The fact that monopoly is not all that it is supposed to be may explain in part why Standard Oil has made more money than previous to its un scrambling. At least an artificial competition has been created witliin the organization Department and district managers have been made to contest with each other and have therefore put forth greater effort for increased production and sales. In their rivalry for a showing they have actually created business. And sometimes the incentive to do more is competition the true life ol trade. The True Life of Trade Monopoly hasn't the trade advantages that it has been supposed to have. Business organizations with a monopoly of their products frequently go to sleep, and there is beginning to be a revival of the old adage about compe tition being the life of trade. ' ' . , For instance, there is an Ohio corporation that has spent at least a mil lion dollars in buying out rivals and otherwise suppressing competition in the production of a certain store specialty, and until it now maintains about a 90 per cent monopoly. .' It has been almost openly stated by those within this organization that it would make more money if it maintained only a 60 per cent monopoly. The reason given is in the fact that .their salesmen have a tendency to fix their standard of living at say $50 or $75 per week and that they will not work after they have sold enough to equal in commissions their living standards. There are no rival salesmen waiting around the corner after their pros pects so that the salesmen make just enough calls and sales to equal their weekly quota, knowing that other prospects are safe until the following week. As a result this concern has been forced to give prizes and premiums- create artificial competitions within Itself and in order to get their salesmen California vacation land The vacation season is approaching the time to plan for a change of scene, for rest and recreation. It will be the effort of the Railroad Administration to aid in such planning and do everything reasonable within its power to facilitate passenger travel and make it more attractive. California with its beaches, mountains and numer ous vacation haunts lakes and streams offers every attraction for the vacationist Summer excursion fares to resorts in Cali fornia are now in effect . The staff of the United States Railroad Adminis tration will be glad to furnish illustrated booklets and provide necessary information as to fares, tram service, etc. Such information may be obtained from the local Ticket Agent or the near est Consolidated Ticket Office.