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jLQJ AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL 'nriKTIETII YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA. MONDAY MORNING, JULY 7, 1919 10 PAGES VOL. XXX., NO. 71 nrwir SUPER AIR MACHINE MAKES SAFE LANDING AFTER ROUGH CRUISE English Dirigible, R-34, Many Hours Overdue and Petrol Supply Running Low, Anchors at Roosevelt Field, N. Y., Sunday Morning Crew Exhausted from Long Vigil Return Trip to Be Started Tuesday Morning .MIX KOLA. X. Y.. July 6. Great Britain's Hupor-(liriibl! R-34, flic first lmhtcr-thau-air machine to cross t he Atlantic ocean, anchored here at lioostvell flying field at 0:54 a. m. to l.iy (l:."t p. m Greenwich mean time), i :'K r an aerial voyage of 108 hours and I J minutes whi'-h covered 3.130 knots or 1 riproNi match' 3.fi"n land miles. I'hmh through dense ' iouu, with the sun and se; turn trip would he begun Tuesday at S a. m. Full supplies of petrol, oil, hydrogen, food and water were ready at the landing field and the work ot putting them aboard was begun al most as soon as the dirigible was an chored. Two Stowaways Carried li was not until the landing that n banks of , became known tne airigiuie carried two' vi-diiic onlv ' stowaways not only the cat which! at lure intei va!s, t he R to cruise L'.eMt knots to :!4 was forced reach Trinity won entry in the ship's log, but W. j Y. Eallantine. of Cromwell. England,! Dynamite Blast Wrecks Offices OfCopvprW- uv- . . BUTTE, M...-, July 6. Explo sion of dynamite placed in the en trance of the Anaconda Copper Mining company's pay office early today damaged that and surround ing buildings in the heart of the business district.. An iron grating was blown along the street, nar rowly missing a street car heavily loaded vith miners- Damage was said not to exceed $5,0C0. Windows in half a dozen nearby stores were shattered. The charge, thought by the police to have been a dozen sticks of dynamite, was not properly placed to do great damage to the brick and concrete pay of fice, across the street from the Western Federation of Miners' hall, which was dynamited in 1914 dur ing a factional union controversy. Three men have been arrested and held for investigation. o FRENCH TRERTY W ALL ANGE iay, X. p.. from Kast land, and l.OMi knots from there to Mineula. When the super-Zeppelin arrived here she had left only enough petrol to Keep her moving HO minutes longer. Her crew, almost sleepless for four and a half days, were weary almost to the point of exhaustion, but happy at the successful completion of their trip- The l et urn voyage will be started Tuesday it S a. in. Ilaggaid, unshaven, their eys blood - 1 iol from the long vigil and care bitten into their faces, .Major (5. H. Scott, the ommancier, and Lis officers showed plainly the eftects of the anxious hours through which they lived yesterday while they were cruising over the far reaehes of Canada and the l?ay of Fun ny, beset by fog, heavy winds and ter- ii'ic electrical storms. Atmosphere Haunted by Devils "It seemed as though the atmosphere ' uas hauntPd by a. 000 devils." said Lieut. Guy Harris, the meteorological it'icer. With the R-34 long overdue, petrol supply running low and buffeted by 'strong winds, .Major Scott decided yes terday, while over the Ray of Fundy, to send a wireless call to the American navy department to prepare to give as- , distance if it were needed. This was merely a measure of precaution, and rlid not indicate discouragement. While destroyers and submarine chasers were racing to her assistance the K-34 was plugging steadily ahead on the way to Mineola. Once clear of the Bay of Fundy the hoodoo which had beset the craft from the time it look the air was left behind. The R-34 ' headed southwest out across the Atlantic along the coast of Maine, her nose pointed for Cape Cod, with the I'nited states destroyer Ban eroft at her tail and in constant wire less communication with her. The de stroyer stuck close in the wake of the air monster, running under forced draft, until I'ape Cod was reached, then '.he dirigible cut across lots. Fortune Favors Dirigible It had bon decided that unless a favoring wind came up, the R-34 would be forced to land at Montauk Point With 1h" cape left behind, however, fortune finally favored the dirigible and the wind veered to her favor. Headed strain for Montauk Point she ran true and before the tip r-nd of I,ong Island was reached it was decided in go on to Mineola. With the goal al most in sight the R-34 flew majestical ly above the island and headed straight lnwn the center -of if for Roosevelt field. 100 miles away. As she cruised over Riverhead, the dirigible came within range of the wireless telephone installed at Roose velt field by the navy radio service and perfect communication was estab lished. Crew at Montauk Point Over the wireless telephone it was explained to .Major Scott that a large pari of the crew assembled to assist in landing had been sent to Montauk Point in motor trucks in the expecta tion that ho would tie up there and that conseiucnUy preparations for re .'eicing him had not been completed. The balloon was sighted about 9 clock, and !." minutes later was over lioospvelt field. She cruised about in a circle at a height of about 1,000 feet until word "as telephoned that everything vas in readiness for the landing. While the R-:'.4 was circling the fiejd at a great height. Major Pritchard jumped off with a parachute. He landed safely near headquarters and hurried indoois before an ambulance I hat had been rushed to the scene could reach him. Lieutenant Hoyt. V. s. N" the ground officer, had assembled on the field, a force of more than 500 soldiers and sailors ready for immediate a lion as ihe R-.'U circled lower and lower. When she was only 200 feet 'mm the ground a huge hawser was let go from under her nose. British ommamt officers with American no- 'liors find sadors. shouted gleefully as :hey sel't d the rope and hung on. No Trouble in Landing Water ballast was dropped from the forward end of the dirigible and her nose tipped. She began to descend. Five met guide lines were dropped and landing parties grasped them as Kortune, Scot- i onee a member of the crew. .Major Scott said it had been con cluded to leave him behind but that he cropped up six hours after the airship had left East Fortune. The man was promptly put to work. The ship's j commander added, that although he! expected the man would be court-1 martialed, he did not anticipate anv j severe punishment for him. Major Scott in a statement tonight said: "Had the strong wind over the Bay of Fundy continued throughout the night we would have been forced to land near Boston. "We only had what I should call four ticklish moments all the way and those were during the thunderstorms. They were not serious, however. The only thing we feared was damage to our frame or rudders " Lieutenant Durant, wireless officer, saidr "We were never out of wire touch. Up to the time we passed New Found land we were in constant communica tion with Clifden. We were in touch with the British air ministry every two hours. We held the air ministry wire less station on top of the Hotel Cecil in London halt way across the At lantic." General Maitland and Major Scott, speaking at a luncheon tendered by tht Americans, said the principal object of the flight was solidification ot" the bonds of friendship between the United States and Great Britain, and demon stration of the commercial possibilities of the lighter-than-air" craft. General Maitland predicted that within a few years dirigibles five times as big as the R-34 with a lifting capacity of 200 tons would not only cross the Atlantic, but would unite countries separated by the Pacific and Mediterranean sea. Referring to Lieut.-Commandcr Al bert S. Read: "It is a pleasure to see Commander Read again. He joined up two countries from west to east, and I am proud to think that we joined from east to west." BOUT WAS BUTCHERY Proves Conclusively That Authors of League of Na tions Confess That League Means Neither Peace or Disarmament, Idaho Sen ator States AustriansWill Receive Peace Treaty Tuesday Repuolican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, July 6. The proposed Austrian peace treaty will be ready for presentation to the Austrian delegation Tuesday. The full text of the document now is in the hands of the printer. Presentation cf the treaty to the Austrians probably will not be ac companied by impressive cere monies, such as were held for the signing of the German treaty. Ten days or two weeks are ex pected to be given the Austrian deelgation to study the new articles on financial, economic and repar ation questions, and also certain boundary terms not covered in the first draft. STORY OF TRANS-OCEAN R-34 FLIGHT IS JULES VERNE TALE COME TRUE says oi era Daniels Sends Congratulations WASHINGTON'. July 6. Congratu Iations of the United States navy upon the successful trans-Atlantic flight of the British dirigible R-34 were sent to Major G. H. Scott, commander of the airship, and members of the R-34's crew by Secretary Daniels today, im mediately upon receipt of advices that the craft had landed safely in Mineola. Secretary Daniels in his message to Major Scott, said: ."The achievement of the R-34. coming closely after the flights of Commander Read, Captain John Alcock and Harry Hawker, would bulk large in the history of aviation and would do much to further existing cordial relations between the British and American navies. Republican A. P. Leased Wire COLUMBUS, O., July . The Wil-lard-Dempsey fight pictures were re jected today by Maurice S. Hague, chairman of the Ohio board of moving picture elisors. Mr. Hague was the only member of the board of three to review the picture and it is possible the other two members of the board will vote to permit it being shown in nhio . , .. ,.c... , sions that proouce war. ki noiwun- mv. xiasue uecia.eu. ouv... uui.m n d; hj statement, we are now butchery should not be shown where I d draw & through Washing. ton's farewell address, put behind us WASHINGTON. July 6. The new treaty with France, by which that na tion is premised American aid in case of an unprovoked attack by Germany, was decsribed as "the premature obit uary of the League of Nations as a league of peace," in a statement issued tonight by Senator Borah, Republican, of Idaho. The senator also charged the promise was made by President "Wilson to pur chase French support for the league plan. , The French-British-United States alliance," said the statement, "is based upon the theory of war, it is made in expectation of war. it is like all such alliances, a war alliance. Could there be a more open confession by the authors of the league, that the league means neither peace nor disarmament? "A short time before the. president left for Europe, he said: 'Special al i liances have been the prolific cause in the modern world of the plans and pas- DEAD FIANCEE NOT T0BEC0I1T11 SLAYER CONFESSES our boys and girls may see it.' He stated persons or firms showing the picture in Ohio would be prose cuted. It is possible the picture may be seen in other states, if passed by the representative state boards, because the mayor of Toledo, in granting the permit for the fight termed it a "box ing contest." A federal law permits interstate shipment of "boxing con tests," hut not "prize fights." o AMERICAN ATHLETES IHfSONWH! HOLLAND 1 S IN CONTROVERSY ON BEl JIN PERSHING STADIUM, France. July 6. The interallied games closed today with presentation by General Pershing of medals to winners. The American track team carried off President Wil son's trophy, a sculpture of "Jason and the Golden Fleece." The American hascball team beat Canada. 12 to 1 in the deciding game of the series. A crowd of 30.000 and three United States bands celebrated the American triumph in the track and field events, loudly cheering the buck private negro Sol Butler, as well as Brigadier General Wolf, the American broad jump and rifle champions, respectively. Norman Ross, the United States swimming champion, was given a great ovation when he stepped down from the tribune with six medals. General Pershing faced the salutes of IS nations in presenting prizes, but an swered all with his famous- interna tional salute. The closing ceremonies were marked by the playing of "The Star Spangled Banner" while the flags of 18 allied nations came down immediately. The United States band then played "The Marseillaise." while the Iri-color went up. showing that the stadium was French property henceforth. The American battalion marked off to gen eral quarters, the band playing the "Stars and Stripes Forever." o CARRIZAL MAYOR WANTS PROTECTION FROM VILLA. the policy of our government during its entire life and enter into a special alliance, an alliance which will include Great Britain and France, and possibly Italy and Belgium. "Upon the same occasion he declared, 'There can be no alliance within the general league of nations.' In the face of this statemet there is to be formed within the league a special allianca, and this alliance is to be formed upon the initiative of the authors of the League of Nations. "Upon another occasion after the president had most earnestly denounced such alliances being the authors of wars and the intolerable conditions of Europe, he uard this language: "Th United States will enter intu ro special arrangements or understandings with particular nations.' The fact is tae Euro pean - system has won complete. Clemenceau declared for special alli ances. Wilson met the challenge in his speech at Manchester, England, but Ciemenceau had his way. "This alliance is the premature obit uary of the League of Nations as a league of peace. The real explanation of the situation is this, that Clemen ceau demanded the special alliance a&a-Vw consideration for his support, of the League of Nations. And . we trad-i with him." o LOS ANGELES, July 6. Harry S. New admitted to the police today, ac cording to officers, that his fiance. Miss Frieda Lesser, whom he shot and killed early yesterday morning, was not to become a mother, as he previously ahd asserted. This admission was made, when ac cording to the police, they confronted New with statements by physncans. Then, they said. New admitted he killed Miss Lesser because she had refused to marry him. Otherwise he clung to his original story. His mother, Mrs. Lulu Burger, is ex pected from Indianapolis Tuesday night. General Maitland, Official Observer, Chronicles the Principal Events of Big Human Gamble with the Elements CHICAGO. July 6. Mrs. Lulu Bur ger of Glendale, Calif., passed through Chicago today en route from Indian apolis to Los Angeles to go to the aid of her son, Harry S. New who sur rendered to the police yesterday and told them he had shot and killed his fiance - because she had refused to marry him. "He wasn't sane, of course," said try? mother. "I knew in the moment when the girl he loved told him she was in trouble, but that she wouldn't marry him, that his mother's past must have loomed big before him, and he couldn't bear that." SOLONS GOME BACK OW0RKS0HOR E Hope Fr Fic WA Ma In PARIS, June 12. (Correspondence of The Associated Press). Holland has scored in the first heat of the diplo matic tourney with her neighbor Bel gium over the clauses of the treaties of 1839, which have aroused a good deal of feeling on both sides of the Belgo Dutch border. It was these SO year old treaties that gave Holland the Limburg "peninsula" the narrow elongated strip of land popularly known as the "Dutch appen dix," by crossing which, the Germans in their retreat last fall saved themselves a detour of some 40 miles and possible capture by the allied armies. The Belgians dug up ancient records showing that several towns and vil lages situated in Dutch Limburg had, in the thirties of last century, peti tioned the first king ot the Belgians to be joined to his new kingdom. Although, the Dutch Limburgers of the present Hhv n,.f nirt trt Vidva nn itrli Hfieirca the water ballast was dropped from the ' an influential section of Belgian notL stern. In both operations at the howm,.iun .igi ih. ine lauuillK crews were T. mhnror t Relo-inm. to safeguard the future posi- and stern drenched. Major S -ntt directed all the details of the landing. It was carried nut smoothly. The hawsers were attached to con crete blocks, two at each end and one :'t either side in the center. When the ship was safely anchored all the ropes except the ones at her nose were cut loose so she could swing wiiti the wind like a ship at anchor. The land 'ng crews will stand by all through the night to hold her safe. Major Scott First "Ashore" The first man to step "ashore" was Major Scott. He obviously was tired but happy. He shook hands w ith Gen eral Lionel F.. O. Charlton. British air attache in the United States. Briga dier General K. M. Maitland. D. S. O.. official observer for the British air ministry, was the next to step out. He looked fresher than his companions, for he had no duties to perform on the way across, except to keep the log. lieutenant Commander Zachary Lansdowne, the American observer on board the R-34. looked almost as hag gard as Major Scott, whom he assisted all the way across. The same was 'rwe of the other five officers and the .:! men of the crew. The men were greeted by General Charlton, Lieutenant Colonel F. W. Lucas and Major Hugh Fuller, repre senting the British government: Rear Admiral Glennon and Major General '.lenoher, representing the American ravy and war departments, and Lieu tenant L. K. Clark. U. a. PC., desig nated to receive from General Mait- If ml the log of the triix JUAREZ, July 6. The mayor of Car rizal, a town about nine miles south of Villa Ahumada, came to the border yesterday to ask additional troops as a protection for his municipality, it be came known today. The mayor said there were about 60 men under Ramon Vega, a Villa leader, in the mountains near Carrizal; a few men under Epi fano Holguin, another Villa leader, in the neighborhood, and about 20 strag glers from various Villa commands are moving about in small groups in the vicinity. While most of Villa's men had left the region, the majiv said, it was feared some of the small bands re maining might attack ranches or per haps even the town itself. ' 4,157 MEN RETURN PARIS, July 5, (Saturday). The council of five reached the conclu sion at a meeting this afternoon that it is impossible to make peace with Bela Kun't government in Hungary, according to the Havas agency. Maintenance of the block ade still is necessary although its effects have not been" felt by the Hungarian revolutionary govern ment, as it is appropriating food stuffs for itself and its friends- Recent events at 'Budapest have indicated affairs of the soviet gov ernment there are on a verge of a crisis. Forty youths from the mili tary academy and three officers were executed by the soviet gov ernment last Wednesday after Bela Kun issued a proclamation that "blood shall flow henceforth,- if necessary, to insure the protection of the proletariat." Bela Kun, in an interview with the Associated Press correspondent in Budapest, June 23, declared: "The allied policy toward Hungary shourd be one of non-interfernce in our internal affairs, and the allies also shourd raise the blockade." o FRENCH HEROINE OF WAR IS KIN OF PRESIDENT WILSON Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, July 6. Members of the senate and house began return- ing to Washington today preparatory to the re-convening Tuesday after a week's Fourth of July recess. The ap pearance of President Wilson before the senate Thursday to "ay before that body the German peace treaty and the Franco-American agreement and con sideration of the wartime prohibition enforcement measures are expected to outrank anything else before congress. The house is expected to take- Ui legislation to arm the government in its enforcement of war time prohibition immediately on convening. Strong sentiment exists for prompt enactment of a wartime enforcement measure hut whether this will be part one of the bill already reported or an entirely new bill has not been decided. Investigation of expenditures of tht war department during the war will be resumed tomorrow by a special committee. o NEARLY 10,000 OVERSEAS MEN RETURN HOME SUNDAY ' Also, tion of Antwerp, the Belgian annexa tionists claimed the territory known as Dutch Flanders, situated on the south ern bank of the Scheldt estuary, which the treaties named had also given to Holland. These territorial claims aroused a storm of patriotic indignation in Hol land. Queen Wilhelmina visifed the disputed parts of her hominions. and there was a good deal of flag waving and shouting about "dying in the last ditch" before giving up national ter ritory. The situation was becoming unpleasant. Cool-headed elements in Holland realize that an estrangement from the Belgian sister nation would be fraught with disastrous consequenc es. When a conference was called by the five great powers to reconsider the treaties ot 1839, a delegation of fmiuent Dutch jurists, came to Paris with the firm resolve to avoid anything in the nature of a breach with Belgium. On the cession of territory, however, their instructions were definite, and the Dutch standpoint has been upheld by the five great powers. It was agreed to institute a commis sion of seven powers, including Bel gium and Holland. This commission is to examine the proposed revision of the treaties of 1839 and submit proposals "implicating neither a transfer of sov ereignty nor the creation of interna tional servitudes." The commission will invite Belgium and Holland to sub mit "joint formulas'' in the matter of waterways, the general principles of tlte peace conference to be applied as BOSTON, July 6. The transport Mongolia from St. Nazaire docked to day and debarked 131 officers and 4, 157 men, nine army nurses and 17 women, from the headquarters office rat Tours- EARTH TREMORS RECORDED WASHINGTON, July 6. An earth quake of moderate intensity, believed to have its center in Central or South America, was recorded early today by the seismograph at Georgetown univer sity,. The earth tremors were first recorded at 3:11 o'clock and continued until 4 o'clock. COUSINS DROWN WHEN FRIGHTENED BY STORM GREELEY, Colo., July 6 George Co burn, 17-year-old son of Earl Coburn. of rGeeley, and Harold Coburn, 20-year-old son of Charles D. Coburn, of LaSalle, Colo., were drowned in Seeley Lake, four miles northwest of Greeley this afternoon w hen, with eJss Franker, a companion, they attempted to swim from a raft to shore, a distance of about 115 yards. The dead youths were cousins. The three, ineperienced swimmers, became alarmed when a high wind arose and jumped from the raft. Franker was rescued while unconscious and resuscitated. The body of George Coburn has been recovered. WILL HEAD HUN DELEGATION 1T inS ' ' ';..': ':-" NEW YORK, July 6. The transport Noordam, from Brest, and the Ari zonian and Calamares, from St. Naz aire, arrived today with 6,238 troops. Miss Jeanette Rankin, former repre sentative from Montana, American delegate to the international congress of women at Geneva, returned on the Noordam. The steamship's Great Nortern and Edward L. Doheney HI also arrived from Brest with more than 3,000 troops. WILL AID CANDIDACY OF GENERAL OBREGON General Maitland announced the re- hases for 'he same. PARIS. July 6. (By the Associated Press). Baron Kurt von Leisener of the German peace delegation, has in formed Paul Dutasta, secretary of the peace conference, that he has been ap pointed by his government to be presi dent of the delegation at Versailles. Miss Mary Cunningham. Miss Mary Cunningham, a cousin of President Wilson, is called the "Heroine of Courtrai" because of her bravery and endurance during the German occupation. Her life during that time was a nightmare. She sur vived winters of near starvation and stayed in her home which was rid dled with bullets until the happy day of liberation came. Miss Cunning ham is an Ulster woman and is nearly cirhty years old. ' NOGALES, Sonora, Mex., July 6. Rafael Zubaran Capmany and Jose Ynez Novelo, attorneys of Mexico City, and prominent in Mexican politics, a,e here for a conference with General AI varo Obregon regarding his candidacy for the presidency in the 1920 elec tions. They are representatives of the constitutionalist liberal party. Senor Novelo declared General Obregon's candidacy was progressing well in Mex ico City and the southern states. He predicted General Obregon would carry the northern states and would receive much support from the consti tionalist partyin central Mexico. o PwiLSON DISCUSSES ECONOMIC PHASES ! OF PEACE TREATY ! : ABOARD U. S. S. GEORGE WASH INGTON, July 5. President Wilson had an extended conference today with Bernard M. Baruch, Vance McCormick. Norman H. Davis and Thomas W. La monc. members of the supreme eco iiomic council. The conference it s nnderstood, related to some features f f the presidents' message to congress, dealing with economic phases of the reparation clauses,: the lifting of the blockade when Germany ratifies tho treaty, and other questions. The president's message is nearly finished. Several parts of it, now in complete, will be concluded early this week, so as to permit its delivery soon after, the presidents' arrival in Wash ington, probably Thursday. . HUNS TO RATIFY TREATY? BASEL, Switzerland. July 6 A dis patch from Weimar, received today, says a bill has been introduced in the German national assembly, providing for ratification of the peace treaty. Republican A. P. Leased Wire MINEOLA, N. Y., July 6. Not in the record of miles covered is to be found the real romance of the R-34's aerial voyage to America. The full story of this great adventure, the gamble against the elements, is re vealed only through the human inci dents of the trip, chronicled in the form of a log by Brigadier General Edward M. Maitland, official observer for the British air ministry. This story, a Jules Ver-ne tale come true, was written while the giant dir igible was leaving the ground at East Fortune, Scotland, while it was pass ing out of sight of land, while it was battling its way across the Atlantic and eluding electrical storms in the northland, while it was slipping safely down the shore line of Long Island to its anchorage at Mineola. It is an intensely human story, set down in simple, unaffected style. But it is doubtful if the greatest master of English could paint a more vivid picture. Thrilling Experiences Told In it is described the feelings of men starting on a great adventure cheerful confident in the face of. a hundred dangers. In it is described I the courage of red. blooded men fight ing their way. through an ocean of cloud and fog. In it is described the resolute daring of men calculating coolly Just how much fuel, already greatly shortened, they could expend in dodging tempests which might dash them to destruction. In it is described the fighting spirit of aeral adventure, combatting to the last a situation which might force them to call for as sistance. But nothing is to be found in the log of the great joy which must have surged up in every man's heart when they dropped anchor victorious ly safe at the end of a 3,600-mile voy age. The story told in the log follows: "Distances covered were as follows: "East Fortune to Trinity Bay, N. F., 2.050 sea miles: Trinity Bay, N. F., to New York, 1,080 sea miles. Originally Planned for June "It was originally intended that this flight should have taken place at the beginning 6f June, but owing to the uncertainty of the Germans signing the peace terms, the British admiralty decided to detain her for an extended cruise up the Baltic and along the .German coast line. This flight occu pied 56 hours under adverse weather conditions, during which time an air distance of roughly 2,000 miles was covered. "At the conclusion of this flight the ship was taken over from the admir alty by the air ministry and the air ship was quickly overhauled for the journey to the United States of America. "The date and time of sailing de cided upon was 2 a. m. on the morn ing of Wednesday. July 2, and the press representatives were notified by the air ministry to be at East Fortune the day previous. "At 1:30 a. m. 'Wednesday, July 2. the airship was taken out from her shed and actually took the air 12 min utes later, thus starting on her long voyage exactly 18 minutes in advance of scheduled time." The story of the flight as entered in the log follows: "1:42 a. m.. Wednesday, July 2: Night Flying Is Lonesome "The R-34 slowly arose from the hands of the landing party and was completely swallowed up in the low lying clouds at a height of 100 feet. When flying at night, possibly on ac count of the darkness, there is always a feeling of loneliness, immediately after leaving the ground. The loneli ness of this occasion was accentuated by the faint cheers of the landing party coming upwards through the mist, after alt signs of the earth had disappeared. "The airship rose rapidly to 1.500 feet, at which height she emerged from the low-lying clouds and headed straight up the Firth ot Forth toward Edin burgh. "A few minutes after 2 o'clock the lights of Rosyth showed up through the clouds, thus proving brilliantly that tha correct allowance had been made for the force and direction of the wind, which was 20 miles per hour from the east. FUEL SERVES AS BALLAST "It should be borne in mind that when an airship sets out on a long distance voyage carrying her max imum allowance of petrol she can only rise to a limited height at the outset without throwing some of it overboard as ballast and that as the airship pro ceeds on her voyage she can, if so desired, gradually increase her height as the petrol is consumed by the engine. "An airship of this type, when most of her petrol is consumed, carf rise to a height of about 14,000 feet. "For this reason the next few hours were one of the most anxious periods during the flight for Major Scott, the captain of the ship, who, owing to th large amount of petrol carried (4.900 gallons, weighing 15.8 tons), had to keep the ship as low as possible and at the same time pass over norther Scotland where the bills rise to a height of over 3,000 feet. 'j Air Navigation Difficult "Owing to the stormy nature of the morning, the ship at 1500 feet the height at which the ship was traveling was most disturbed and bumpy due to the wind being bioken up by the mountains to the north, causing violent wind currents and air pockets. "The most disturbed conditions were met in the mouth of the Clyde, soutn of Loch Lomond, which, surrounded by high mountains, looked particularly beautiful i nthe gray dawn light. "The islands at the mouth of the Firth of Clyde were quickly passed. The north coast of Ireland appeared for a time and shortly afterwards faded away as we headed out into the Atlantic. "The various incidents of the voyage are set down quite simply as they oc curred and more or less in the form m a diary. No attempt has been made to write them as a connected story. It is felt that, by recording each inci dent in this w?.y, most of them trivial, a few of vital importance, a truer pic ture of the voyage will be obtained. "Time, 6 a. m., July 2. Airship run ning on four engines with 1600 revo lutions. Forward engine being given a. rest. Air speed 38 knots land miles per hour made good 56.7. Course steered 298 degrees north, 62 degrees west, course made good 39 degree? north, 71 w?st. Wind nciiheast 15 1-J miles per hour. Height, 1500 feet. Clouds Blot View "I-arge banks of clouds came rolling along from the Atlantic gradually blotting out all view of the sea. At first we were above these clouds but gradually they rose higher and plowed our way into the middle o them. "Seven a. m. Nothing but dense, fog. estimated by Harris, ihe meteor -logical officer, to go down within 5 feet of the water and to a height of about 5,000 feet. "Suddenly we catch a glimpse of th sea through a hole in the clouds and it is now easy to see we have a slight drift to the south which is what was estimated by both Scott, the captain, and Cooke, the navigating officer. "A few minutes later we find our selves above the clouds, our height still being 1500 feet and beneath, a cloudy sky, with clouds at about 8,000 feet. YA e are therefore in between two layer of clouds, a condition which Alcoclc and Brown found themselves on more, than one occasion on their recent flight from west te east. "An excellent cloud horizon now presents itself on all sides of whicU Cooke takes advantages. These ob servations, if the cloud horizon is quit flat, ought to prove a valuable rough. , guide but cannot be regarded as accu -rate unless one can alto obtain a check on the sun by day or the moon ant stars by night. Fifty-Mile Error Possible "Cooke reckons it is easy to mak as much as a 50-mile error in locating one's position when using a cloud hori zon as substitute for a sea horizon. "Seven-thirty a. m. Breakfast in crew space up in the keel consisted of cold ham, one hard boiled egg each, bread and butter and hot tea. Wo breakfast in two watches, generally about 15 in each. "The first watch for breakfast was Scott, Coo'v3, Pritchard, admiralty air plane expert; Lansdowne, lieutenant: commander United States airship ser vice; Shotter, engineer officer; Harris, meteorological officer, myself and half the crew. Music with Meals "Conversation during breakfast re verted to the recent night up the Eal tie and in the adjoining compartment the graphaphone was entertaining the crew to the latest jazz tunes such as The Wild, Wild Women.' "Eleven a. m. Stiil ploughing our way through the fog at 1,300 feet. Sea completely hidden by clouds and n visibility whatsoever. Stopped for ward and two uft engines and now run ning on only the two wing engines at 1600 revolutions. These are giving us an air speed of 30 knots or 33.6 milca per hour. This is the airship's most efficient speed as she only consumes on the two engines 25 gallons of petrnt per hour. , "Wind is east, -seven miles per hour, and so we are making good forty miles per hour and resting three engines. "Cooke is now on the top of the. airship taking observations of tho. sun. using the cloud horizon with a sex tant. The sun is visible to him but not to us. us. The top of the ship being 85 feet, above us down here in the fore control cabin. "Our position is reckoned to be lati tude 55 degrees 10 minutes north and longitude 14 degrees 40 minutes west, which is equivalent to 400 miles from our starting point at East Fortune, and 200 miles out in the Atlantic from tit-s northwest coast of Ireland. "We are in wireless touch with Eat Fortune, Clifden, on the west coast of Ireland, and Ponta del Gada, Azores, and messages wishing us good luck are received from air ministry, H. M. S. Queen Elizabeth and others. "Excellent Beef Stew" "Eleven-forty-five a. m. Lunch. Ex cellent beef stew and potatoes, choco late and cold water. "The talk as usual was mainly 'shop.' dealing with such problems as the dis tribution of air pressure on the western side of the Atlantic, what winds were likely to be met with, what fog we should run into, the advantages of di rectional wireless for navigational pur poses, cloud horizons and the like. "Twelve-noon. Watch off dutv'. turned in for their routine four hours sleep oerore coming on for their next period of duty only two hours in this case, as it is the first of the two dog watches. Each Man Has Hammock "The sleeping arrangements consist of a hammock for each of the men off watch, suspended from the main ridge girder of the triangular internal keel, which runs from end to end of the ship. "In this keel are situated the 81 petrol tanks, each of 71 gallons ca pacity; also the living quarters for of ficers and men and storing arrange ments for lubricating oil for the en gine?, water ballast, food and drinking water for the crew. The latter is quite a considerable item as will b sn from the following table of weights: "Petrol, 4,900 gallons, 35,300 pounds, 15.8 tons. "Oil,. 2.070 pounds .9 tons. "Water three tons. "Crew and baggage, 4 tons. "Spares. 550 pounds. .2 tons. "Drinking water, 800 pounds. .42 ton5. "Total. .24.32 tons. Life Is Enjoyable "Life in the keel of a large rigid air- ship is by no means unpleasant. There is very little noise or vibration except when one is directly over the power units a total absence of wind, and ex cept in the early hours of dawn, greater . warmth than in the surrounding at mosphere. "Getting into one's hamock is rather . an acrobatic feat, especially if it 's slung high, but this becomes easy with practice preventing one's self from falling out is a thing one must be careful about in a service airship like the R-34. There is only a thin outer cover of fabric on the underside of the keel on each side of the walking way and the luckless individual who tips out of his hammock would in all . probability break right through this'