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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL THIRTIETH YEAR 10 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, JULY 28, 1919 10 PAGES VOL. XXX., NO. 92 i Wf L I Uli 1)1 S23 lb el in lr. Is Mill mm J t3 iVW PACIFIC FLEET PLOWS MAJESTICALLY INTO HOME WATERS Successfully Negotiates Pan ama Canal in Record - Time Will Proceed on Way to San Diego Today ABOARD THE FLAGSHIP U. S. S. NEW MEXICO, (Saturday) July 26. ( By Wireless to the Associated Press) The Pacific fleet, under command of Admiral Rodman, tonight is floating in Pacific waters. Six dread naughts, ltd by the flag ship New Mexico, today successfully negotiated the Panama canal the largest ships that have ever passed through this waterway. The average lime of passage for each warship from 'olon to Balboa was ten hours. "This is the biggest event in the his tory of the canal," said Governor Chester Harding of the Canal zone. This afternoon Admiral Rodman vis ited President Perrez of I'anama, who congratulated the naval officer on his success in negotiating the canal. Ap proximately 3,600 sailors were given tihore leave at Panama and the city to iiiSht is celebrating the arrival of the flfct, which departs tomorrow for San Diego. The ships left their anchorage in Gatnn lake at dawn this morning, pro ceeding in pairs two hours apart. The New Mexico and Wyoming led the way, followed by the New York and Texas. Mississippi and Arkansas. To Admiral Rodman was given the honor of directing the course of the first dreadnaught to make the trip. Through the reaches of Gatun lake the dreadnaught steamed at 13 knots an hour. On nearing the narrow con fines of the Bas Opispo reach, the speed was reduced to five knots an hour. The flagship accepted guidance from a tug to keep her nose ont of the high banks of Culebra cut. The giant craft thread ed her way slowly through this sec tion. Three hours from Gatnn lake, the flagship passed under the ominous shadow of Gold Hill, the backbone of the continent, where many slides have occurred. The warship then entered the locks at Pedro Miguel, where 600 sailors, given liberty, took a special train for Panama. Governor Harding and Rear Admiral Marhury Johnston of the Panama , naval division, came aboard as the Macship was being locked down 30 feet to the level of Miraflores lake. As the New Mexico eased her wa: into Miraflores lake, a great crowd col lected on the concreet locks and cheered. A salute of 17 guns on the 'lngship was fired in honor of Governor Harding. "It wis no more trouble than putting through the canal a fleet of Great 'aVcs tugboats," said Admiral Rodman. E 0FCERT1FIGATES WASHINGTON. July 27. -Loan cer tificates of five months maturity, bear ing interest at 41- per cent, will be is sued by the treasury semi-monthly on the first and fifteenth, beginning Aug ust 1, for the remainder of the calen dar year, to finance the government's renuirements. In making this announcement today in a letter to the banking institutions of the country. Secretary Glass said the minimum amount of each issue in August and September would not ex ceed $r.ftfl.P.(in,000. while subsequent is sues probably would be ubtftit half thnt amount with the total estimated at i $150". 000.00(1. The same period will 'see the redemption of $2,!)b7,r40,5Q0 in loan and tax certificates, leaving a net increase of Sr02.4r9,0u to be funded "by the iss'ie of short term notes when nfarket conditions are favorable and the terms advantageous to the gov ernment. All national and state banks and trust companies will be expected to take not less than 1.6 per cent of their gross resources in each semi-monthly if sue of loan certificates during Aug ust and September with the percentage fallihe to 0.8 toward the end of; the ialendar year. Secretary Glass hopes to make dis tribution of the new certificates as wide spread ns possible Reviewing the financial condition of thefountry. Secretary Glass estimated incomes for the fiscal year ending June .to. 1920, at $4.6J.1.0O0.00O, made np of internal revenue $4,940,000,000 customs, f'60.000,000; sale of public lands. $3. 100.000; miscellaneous. $310,000,000 and Victory-Liberty loan installments $1, i32. 000.010. "I have no present reason to believe that the expenditures of the govern ment will exceed the amount of its re ceipts, excluding Transactions in the principal of the public debt other than the Victory loan," he continued. "If these expectations prove to be correct, the gross public debt should be on June 30, 1920, say. $26,516,506,160." Monthly disbursements by the gov ernment which inJune fell to JS09.000, 000, are expected to show material in rrea'ses this month and in August and September because of heavy payments nf the railroad administration, heavy payments In' settlement of army con racta and on account of demobilization and the maturities of certificates Is sued, in anticipation of the Victory loan, o JAPS BUY BIG ACREAGE LIMA, Peru. July 27. It Is reported that Dr. Augusto Durand, a prominent land owner and proprietor of the news paper La Prenso. has sold approxi mately 800.000 acres of land near Hua t'tico, on the Amazon watershed, to a Japanese syndicate. Three hundred ihousand additional acres are in nego ' iation. This land purchase is consid ered the forerunner of a big Japanese -olonization scheme in Tcru. mm GOVT First Strike of Air Mail Pilots Finally Settled WASHINGTON, July 27. Sec ond Assistant Postmaster General Praeger reached an amicable set tlement today with the air mail pilots who went on a one-day strike last week. The reinstate ment of Pilot E. Hamilton Lee, one of the two men whose dismissal re sulted in the strike was announced. Leon Smith, the other dismissed aviator, will not be reinstated Mr. Praeger stated. This action was said to have met with approval of a representative of the pilots. Under the settlement the depart ment's order concerning flying un der adverse weather conditions has been clarified so as to permit the managers of the flying field de termine whether the pilot shall take the air when his life might be endangered. In the event the man ager is not at the field, as is the case when pilots make an early start, the pilot need not leave the field pending' the arrival of the manager, when in his judgment flying would be unsafe. o m SPENT IN F i Extensive Work of Organi zation During War Re fleeted in Keport Made Public by Chairman Per kins Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW ytiRK. July 27. First detailed accounts of the receipts ani expendi tures o fthe Young Mens Christian associatiop, made public here today by the organizations national war work council finance committee, show that $120,282,859 was received by it be tween April 26. 1917, and March 31. 1919. Total expenditures aggregated $97,817,005 in the period named, it is stated, leaving a balance of $27,465,854, a sum estimated to be sufficient to carry on the work here and abroad until next December 31. According to the figures, which ap pear over the signatures of George W. Perkins, chairman of the committee; Cleveland H. Dodge, treasurer of the war work council, and H. W. Wilmot. comptroller, slightly more than 2 per cent of the total funds contributed by the American public were expended for religious purposes in the United States and overseas, while approxi mately 80 per cent was devoted to the purchase, transportation and dis tribution of canteen supplies and to entertainments, education and athletic sports. In addition to the provision of free athletic supplies. which included, among other things. -in the United States camps alone. 557.096 base balls and 20.0H0 sets of boxing gloves, the report says, the Y. M. C. A. distributed overseas $36,832,449 worth of merchan dise. Of this merchandise $1,794,771 worth, or approximately 5 per cent, was given free to the soldiers. This does not include overseas Christmas gifts and entertainments worth $651, 963. ! Of the $97,817,005 expended, it is shown, more than $30,000,000 was spent in the home camps, more than $43,000,- 000 with the American expeditionary force abroad and $14,409,175 for work with the allied armies and prisoners of war. The balance went for transpor tation and other expenses. The state ment explains that the "Y" suffered a loss of $1,478,084 in the operation of army post exchanges and canteens also, owing to the depreciation in values of French and English currency. The con version of the oerseas figures at mar ket rates, resulted in a book loss of $2.432.089... - - . The report, the committee makes clear, is not final because the war service of the Y. M. C. A., which reached its maximum in March of this year, is being continued in the United States and foreign countries. Three war work campaigns for funds. It points out. brought from the American public $123,254,052 and this amount, the report states, was augmented to $125, 282.8n9 by sums from other sources. Some Idea of the magnitude of the work accomplished by the organiza tion is shown by the statement that more than 97,000 concerts, vaudeville performances and other entertain ments were staged by the "Y" in American cantonments to an aggregate audience of 43,500.000 at a cost of $1,166,767. In addition, free motion picture shows in the home camps necessitated an outlay of $2,328,271. Erection of 950 huts for men in training camps on this side cost $7, 698,984 and the outlay for maintenance was $3,965,736. "These buildings." says the report, "were centers of religious, educational, entertainment and ath letic activities for all men who passed through the camps on their way over seas or who used the centers through the period covered by the report and are still using them." Overseas, the statement says, work of even "a vaster scope" was accom plished. The 1900 or more "Y" huts and tents built or leased for the use of the A. E. F, cost $4,801,271, were equipped at a cost of $2,950,421 and operated and maintained at a further expense of $1,014,337. (Continued on Page Two) f ACCOUNTS FDR t-$ATra S After Five Days and Nights Fitzgerald Breaks and Leads Officers to Body Said to Be a "Moron" Republican A. P. Leasea Wire CHICAGO, ' July 27. Thomas Fitz gerald. 29 years old and married, con fessed today to the police that he killed little Janet Wilkinson, six year old. a neighbor's child, last Tuesday, by strangling her. He accompanied the police to his home and showed them where he had concealed the body be neath some coal under the basement steps. The body was recovered. s The solution of -the mystery', which has stirred Chicago as few police cases have aroused the populace,' came this morning when Fitzgerald after five sleepless days and nights, constantly kept under a gruelling examination and never-ceasing scrutiny called for ,an officer and made his confession. The authorities acted quickly. Al though Fitzgerald has been termed a "Moron" by the police, the criminal machinery was to proceed as usual. Coroner Hoffman quickly selected a jury and opened the inquest. Fitzgerald was night watchman at the Virginia, a residential hotel. He lived in the neighborhood. In the same building lived the Wilkinson family. Janet was one of four children. Last December, the girl's father tes tified at the inquest, Janet came home and said Fitzgerald had attacked her. The parents preferred to hush up the affair and Fitzgerald ' escaped prosecution. But when little Janet disappeared last Tuesday morning suspicion was aroused against Fitz gerald. Some' children also said they had seen her speak to Fitzgerald. Fitzgerald was arrested. He was questioned about the child but denied everything. But the police held the man prisoner and subjected Vm to a severe examinatiol such as few prison ers receive. . Detectives dug into the coal piles In the basement of the hotel. They sifted the ashes. They searched the Fitzgerald home. Lake Michigan was dragged for a mile along the shore opposite the neighborhood of the hotel. Then when the police were about to despair, Fitzgerald made his confes sion, the police announced. Doctor J. Whitney Hall, of the coun ty lunacy commission, asserted that Fitzgerald appeared to be a "psycho sexual case" and that he was not nec essarily insane. CAR JUMPS TRACK; 20 INJURED WATERBURY, Conn., July 27. A trolley car jumped the track tonight and turned over when a wheel of the forward truck snapped off. Twenty persons were seriously injured. o FIRE DOCS $300,000 DAMAGE LOS ANGELES, July 27. Four vol unteer firemen were overcome by smoke in , fighting a fire which de stroyed a glass works at Torrenee, a suburb, today and caused a loss esti mated by company officials at 5300,000. IT SAFETY FIRST Forest Fires Do Big Damage In Northwest SPOKANE, Wash., July 27. Encouraging reports from crews fighting fires in northern Idaho forests were received tonight. There have been 813 fires in the national forests in Montana and northern Idaho this year, of which 12C are still burning, according ti figures given out by Glen A. Smith, assistant district forester. A total of 126361 acres have been burned over and 380,000.000 feet of timber destroyed, accord ing to Smith. Private property destroyed was valued at $450,000 and the govern" merit's property loss was estimated at $380,000. Lightning was said to have caused 30 per cent of the fires. E TO E REGIE SET UP PARIS, July 27." A strong arraign ment of the present Hungarian govern ment is contained in the allied state ment issued today in . which it was made to the Hungarian people that they could only obtain a removal of the blockade and reecive food ,sup plies if they ousted Bela Kun and set up a truly representative government. The text of the statement follows: "The Allied and associated govern ments are most anxious to arrange a peace with the Hungarian people an thus bring to an end a condition of things which makes the economic re vival of Central Europe impossible and defeats any attempt to secure supplies for its population. These tasks cannot even be attempted until there is in Hungary a government which repre sents Its people and carries out in th letter and the spirit the engagements into-which it has entered with the as sociated governments. "None of these conditions, is fulfilled by the administration of Bela Kun, which has not only broken the armis tice to which Hungary was pledged, but is at this moment actually attack ing a friendly and allied power. 'With this particular aspect of the question it is for the associated govern ments to deal on their own responsi bility. If food and supplies are to be made available, if the blockade is to be removed, if economic reconstruction is to be attempted, if peace is to b settled, it can only be done with a government which represents the Hun garian people, and not with one that rests its authority upon terrorism. ''The associated powers think it op portune to add that all foreign occupa tion of Hungarian territory as defined by the peace conference, will cease as soon as the terms of the armistice have in the opinion of the Allied commander-in-chief, been satisfactorily complied with." ONE DEAD IN STRIKE RIOT CHICAGO, July 27. One man was shot and instantly killed and another enously wounded late tonight in a strike riot in the southwest side of the city. The shooting, according to the police, was the result of trouble between strikers at the Crane com pany's plant and others, supposedly non-strikers. HUNGARIAN BLQCKAD ra THREE KILLED MANY INJURED ASWHITESAND BUCKS CLASH Race Rioting Develops in Chicago Sunday Said to Be the Result of Bomb Outrages in Negro District Republican A. P. Leased Wire CHICAGO. July 27. Serious rioting of white and blacks in the negro dis trict of Chicago broke out this after noon and before midnight two men were dead, according to police reports, both drowned, two negroes probably fatally wounded and more than a score, possibly 50 persons, both blacks and whites, wounded or injured by bul lets, stones, clubs and other missiles Fifty or more arrests were made and every available policeman was rushed into the black belt. The casualty list, reported by the po lice, included a negro youth, who was drowned in Lake Michigan and a white boy also drowned. The negro's body was recovered. A white youth was arrested in con nection with the drowning of the negro. The latter is said to have been struck with a stone, and fell from a raft float ing off the Twenty-ninth street bath ing beach, where the first serious trouble started. Stones were thrown at bathers on both sides of the color line, as whites and blacks are segre gated at the beach. Twenty-ninth street soon was a seething, fighting mass of humanity of both colors. Revolvers, knives, stones, clubs and bricks were used. Riot call after riot call was received by the po lice and patrol wagons loaded with bluecoats rushed to the district. Negroes at home on State street in the heart of the black belt beat whites promiscuously through the day and night. Whites went about dragging negroes from street cars and heating them. The trouble moved from one part of the negro district to another- Hun dreds of policemen were rushed to the troubled neighborhoods and succeeded in keeping the disorders scattered. CHICAGO, July 27. Fighting be tween blacks and whites in the negro district in the South Side of the city this afternoon resulted in shooting in which one policeman was wounded and several other persons were injured. Every available policeman was rushed to the district. While fighting was promiscuous on South State street !n the colored dis trict, which extends about five' miles along that thoroughfare, another riot occured at the Twenty-Ninth street beach. Two negroes were reported to have been drowned after being struck by missiles. White men were fre quently attacked on State street, the police said. Besides the policeman a negro was seriously wounded. Four other per sons, including one white woman, were injured by stones and bricks, none ser iously. The immediate cause of the rioting was not known accurately early to- night, but for months bad feeling be- tween blacks and whites has resulted in DoraD explosions, iignts and neigh- Reports Say Kaiser Has Never Re nounced Throne of Prussia Abdica tion and Rumored Renunciation Said To BeTreachery By Prince Maximilian BERLIN, July 27. (By the Associated Press) This morning's pan-German newspapers of Berlin make a feat ure of a five-column expose of occurrences in connection with the outbreak of the German revolution last Novem ber, including a struggle taking place at German great headquarters at Spa, November 9, lasting nearly 24 hours, to induce Emperor William to abdicate. Material is adduced to show that Prince Maximilian of Baden, then imperial chancellor, finally took the initiative and gave to the Wolff Bureau an official statement that the emperor had abdicated as emperor and king of Prussia, although it is averred he had done neither and has never renounced the throne of Prussia. ' Prince Maximilian, it is declared, took this step out of misguided patriotism in an attempt to subdue the revo lutionary movement, which was rapidly getting out of hand and by it forced the emperor's advisers to hurry him away to Holland. Th pan-Germans now charge the former chancellor wTith treachery. All doubts as to William Hohenzollern's abdication as German emperor and king of Prussia wrere considered to have been settled when Berlin advices November 30 last told of the issuance by the new German government of the former emperor's act of renunciation, described as having been executed and signed by William Hohenzol lern at Amerongen, Holland, November 28. borhood skirmishes. The bombs were generally believed to have been the result of illfeeling where negroes moved into white neigh borhoods. Negroes have charged that some bombs were set off by whites. The chief disturbances today oc curred in localities where the negroes greatly outnumbered the whites. It was believed the police "ad the situation in hand. One negro was drowned, a white man was reported drowned, one negro probably fatally wounded, a policeman wounded, and nearly a score of whites and blacks injured by bullets or mis siles in a series of riots in the negro district this afternoon. The trouble started at the Twenty ninth street beach, where whites and blacks are segregated, and spread into the negro district. Although ill-feeling between whites and blacks on the south side has ex tended over a period of months, em phasized by bomb explosions, some shooting and numerous fights, today's riots seem to have had their start in petty quarreling at the beach. Soon after the fighting started a negro fled, pursued by a number of whites. A policeman joined the pursuit. The negro took shelter behind a building and began shooting at the policeman, who returned the fire. The negro men surrendered. During the fight, one negro was probably fatally wounded in the abdo men. The fighting soon had Twenty-ninth street packed with whites and blacks, the latter predominating. More fight ing occurred and a few more shots were fired and some of the negroes fled, and as patrol wagon after patrol wagon appeared on the scene with their load of bluecoats. A fire broke out in a small building and fire apparatus was blocked by the throngs. The negroes are said to have attempted to drag the firemen from their seats. Further fighting ensued. During the fighting, rocks, bricks and other missiles were hurled. White men frequently were attacked and beaten on State street, the police said. At the beach, while missiles were flying, a negro on a raft was reported to have been struck with a rock and hurled into the lake. Later the body of a negro was taken from the water. A white man, a swimmer, also was reported hit and drowned. With the police stations emptied of reserves and scores of others rushed from north and west side stations. Acting Chief of Po lice Alcock ordered every available po liceman on duty to prevent further out breaks. The small army of bluecoats suc ceeded in bringing about a fair semb lance of order in the black district, al though the negroes were in bad temper. Late tonight no further serious riot ing was reported, though crowds still were on the threets. Hospital reports showed one negro shot through the abdomen, probably fatally; another slightly wounded, and a policeman shot in the shoulder. Four other persons, including one white woman, were injured by missiles, none seriously. One white man was sitting at an upper window of his home on Twenty-ninth during the height of the excitement when a negro attempted to shoot a policeman with a rifle which the negro was carrying wrapped in paper. The weapon was struck up ward" and its hall grazed the window watcher's forehead and he fell from the window. He was but slightly hurt. The negro escaped. HOSTILITIES CEASE VIENNA, Saturday, July 26 (By the Associated Press) Fighting be tween the Poles and Ukrainians has ceased. Gen. Petlura. Ukrainian lead er, has sent a mission to the Poles with the object of discussing co-operation in fighting the bolskeviki and driving them from the Ukraine. Petlura de clares that if the allies ever arrive at a point of understanding on the Uk rainian situation and furnish him with munitions, he will be able to wrest Ukrainia from the bolsheviki within a month. WOULD COME TO U. S. VIENNA, Saturday. July 26. Count Michael Karolyi, former provisional president of Hungary, has arrived at Prague, accompanied by his wife. He is endeavoring to secure passports to go to the United States by way of Hoi- ' land. J SENATE IS 11 TREATIES UP FOR 5I1TI1 Long Pending , Colombian Pact to Be Introduced This Week Its Prompt Passage Expected Low er House Has Much Busi ness Before Taking Recess Saturday Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. July 27. Sonata controversy over the peace treaty with its league of nations covenant will be halted temporarily this week to allovr consideration of the long-pending Co lombian treaty. While the senate considers Uie two treaties, the house will be occupied with a rush of legislation preparatory to the planned recess of five weeks, beginning Saturday. The house recess plans, calling for a complete shut down of the lower branch from August 2 to September K are expected to be presented formally to the house tomorrow. While thi house is in recess, the senate will work, chiefly on the peace treaty. The re cess will delay enactment of sveral bills, including th prohibition enforce ment measure, until September. The Colombian treaty, involving payment by the United States of 000,000 to that republic resulting from the partition of Panama, but with the original clause expressing America's "regrets" for the loss by Colombia of Panama, eliminated by agreement be tween the state department and Co lombia, will be taken up Tuesday by the foreign relations committee. The treaty is expected to be reported by the committee and ratified by the sen ate promptly. Developments thought probable this week in the treaty fight include state ments by President Wilson outlining his stand on the proposal for ratifica tion, reservations and giving new in formation as to the Shantung pro vision. The Shantung provision is the subject of diplomatic discussions now in progress with Tokio, designed to obtain possession of the secret under standing for restoration of the province or some other public declaration of Japan's intentions. Senator Walsh, democrat, Montana, will discuss the treaty tomorrow and will be followed Tuesday by Senators Thomas of Colorado, and Gay of Louisiana,- both democrats. Other ad dresses are expected later in the week. The foreign relations committee ex pects to complete its preliminary read ing of the peace treaty tomorrow. After disposing of the Colombian treaty, the committee plans to hear one or tv of the experts who assisted the Ameri can peace delegation at Paris. SEABOARD SHIPPING SOON TO BE NORMAL STATES UNION HEAD NEW YORK, July 27. Differences between the National Marine Engin eers Beneficial association. United States shipping board, and American' Steamship association, which arose last night just as the demands of some 40,000 striking seamen, engineroom y hands and stewards had been satis factorily adjusted, are scheduled to be heard at a joint meeting of the three organizations tomorrow. William S. Brown, national president of the engineers' union, said tonight he was entirely satisfied with the outlook and expected to see normal shipping along the Atlantic and Gulf seaboard by tomorrow night. f. (.