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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, July 28, 1919, Image 1

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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL
THIRTIETH YEAR
10 PAGES
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, JULY 28, 1919
10 PAGES
VOL. XXX., NO. 92
i
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iVW PACIFIC FLEET
PLOWS MAJESTICALLY
INTO HOME WATERS
Successfully Negotiates Pan
ama Canal in Record
- Time Will Proceed on
Way to San Diego Today
ABOARD THE FLAGSHIP U. S. S.
NEW MEXICO, (Saturday) July 26.
( By Wireless to the Associated Press)
The Pacific fleet, under command of
Admiral Rodman, tonight is floating in
Pacific waters.
Six dread naughts, ltd by the flag
ship New Mexico, today successfully
negotiated the Panama canal the
largest ships that have ever passed
through this waterway. The average
lime of passage for each warship from
'olon to Balboa was ten hours.
"This is the biggest event in the his
tory of the canal," said Governor
Chester Harding of the Canal zone.
This afternoon Admiral Rodman vis
ited President Perrez of I'anama, who
congratulated the naval officer on his
success in negotiating the canal. Ap
proximately 3,600 sailors were given
tihore leave at Panama and the city to
iiiSht is celebrating the arrival of the
flfct, which departs tomorrow for San
Diego.
The ships left their anchorage in
Gatnn lake at dawn this morning, pro
ceeding in pairs two hours apart.
The New Mexico and Wyoming led
the way, followed by the New York
and Texas. Mississippi and Arkansas.
To Admiral Rodman was given the
honor of directing the course of the
first dreadnaught to make the trip.
Through the reaches of Gatun lake
the dreadnaught steamed at 13 knots
an hour. On nearing the narrow con
fines of the Bas Opispo reach, the speed
was reduced to five knots an hour. The
flagship accepted guidance from a tug
to keep her nose ont of the high banks
of Culebra cut. The giant craft thread
ed her way slowly through this sec
tion. Three hours from Gatnn lake, the
flagship passed under the ominous
shadow of Gold Hill, the backbone of
the continent, where many slides have
occurred. The warship then entered
the locks at Pedro Miguel, where 600
sailors, given liberty, took a special
train for Panama.
Governor Harding and Rear Admiral
Marhury Johnston of the Panama
, naval division, came aboard as the
Macship was being locked down 30 feet
to the level of Miraflores lake.
As the New Mexico eased her wa:
into Miraflores lake, a great crowd col
lected on the concreet locks and
cheered. A salute of 17 guns on the
'lngship was fired in honor of Governor
Harding.
"It wis no more trouble than putting
through the canal a fleet of Great
'aVcs tugboats," said Admiral Rodman.
E
0FCERT1FIGATES
WASHINGTON. July 27. -Loan cer
tificates of five months maturity, bear
ing interest at 41- per cent, will be is
sued by the treasury semi-monthly on
the first and fifteenth, beginning Aug
ust 1, for the remainder of the calen
dar year, to finance the government's
renuirements.
In making this announcement today
in a letter to the banking institutions
of the country. Secretary Glass said
the minimum amount of each issue in
August and September would not ex
ceed $r.ftfl.P.(in,000. while subsequent is
sues probably would be ubtftit half thnt
amount with the total estimated at
i $150". 000.00(1. The same period will
'see the redemption of $2,!)b7,r40,5Q0 in
loan and tax certificates, leaving a net
increase of Sr02.4r9,0u to be funded "by
the iss'ie of short term notes when
nfarket conditions are favorable and
the terms advantageous to the gov
ernment. All national and state banks and
trust companies will be expected to
take not less than 1.6 per cent of their
gross resources in each semi-monthly
if sue of loan certificates during Aug
ust and September with the percentage
fallihe to 0.8 toward the end of; the
ialendar year.
Secretary Glass hopes to make dis
tribution of the new certificates as
wide spread ns possible
Reviewing the financial condition of
thefountry. Secretary Glass estimated
incomes for the fiscal year ending June
.to. 1920, at $4.6J.1.0O0.00O, made np of
internal revenue $4,940,000,000 customs,
f'60.000,000; sale of public lands. $3.
100.000; miscellaneous. $310,000,000 and
Victory-Liberty loan installments $1,
i32. 000.010.
"I have no present reason to believe
that the expenditures of the govern
ment will exceed the amount of its re
ceipts, excluding Transactions in the
principal of the public debt other than
the Victory loan," he continued.
"If these expectations prove to be
correct, the gross public debt should
be on June 30, 1920, say. $26,516,506,160."
Monthly disbursements by the gov
ernment which inJune fell to JS09.000,
000, are expected to show material in
rrea'ses this month and in August and
September because of heavy payments
nf the railroad administration, heavy
payments In' settlement of army con
racta and on account of demobilization
and the maturities of certificates Is
sued, in anticipation of the Victory loan,
o
JAPS BUY BIG ACREAGE
LIMA, Peru. July 27. It Is reported
that Dr. Augusto Durand, a prominent
land owner and proprietor of the news
paper La Prenso. has sold approxi
mately 800.000 acres of land near Hua
t'tico, on the Amazon watershed, to a
Japanese syndicate. Three hundred
ihousand additional acres are in nego
' iation. This land purchase is consid
ered the forerunner of a big Japanese
-olonization scheme in Tcru.
mm
GOVT
First Strike of
Air Mail Pilots
Finally Settled
WASHINGTON, July 27. Sec
ond Assistant Postmaster General
Praeger reached an amicable set
tlement today with the air mail
pilots who went on a one-day
strike last week. The reinstate
ment of Pilot E. Hamilton Lee, one
of the two men whose dismissal re
sulted in the strike was announced.
Leon Smith, the other dismissed
aviator, will not be reinstated Mr.
Praeger stated. This action was
said to have met with approval of
a representative of the pilots.
Under the settlement the depart
ment's order concerning flying un
der adverse weather conditions has
been clarified so as to permit the
managers of the flying field de
termine whether the pilot shall
take the air when his life might be
endangered. In the event the man
ager is not at the field, as is the
case when pilots make an early
start, the pilot need not leave the
field pending' the arrival of the
manager, when in his judgment
flying would be unsafe.
o
m SPENT IN
F
i
Extensive Work of Organi
zation During War Re
fleeted in Keport Made
Public by Chairman Per
kins
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
NEW ytiRK. July 27. First detailed
accounts of the receipts ani expendi
tures o fthe Young Mens Christian
associatiop, made public here today by
the organizations national war work
council finance committee, show that
$120,282,859 was received by it be
tween April 26. 1917, and March 31.
1919. Total expenditures aggregated
$97,817,005 in the period named, it is
stated, leaving a balance of $27,465,854,
a sum estimated to be sufficient to
carry on the work here and abroad
until next December 31.
According to the figures, which ap
pear over the signatures of George W.
Perkins, chairman of the committee;
Cleveland H. Dodge, treasurer of the
war work council, and H. W. Wilmot.
comptroller, slightly more than 2 per
cent of the total funds contributed by
the American public were expended
for religious purposes in the United
States and overseas, while approxi
mately 80 per cent was devoted to
the purchase, transportation and dis
tribution of canteen supplies and to
entertainments, education and athletic
sports.
In addition to the provision of free
athletic supplies. which included,
among other things. -in the United
States camps alone. 557.096 base balls
and 20.0H0 sets of boxing gloves, the
report says, the Y. M. C. A. distributed
overseas $36,832,449 worth of merchan
dise. Of this merchandise $1,794,771
worth, or approximately 5 per cent,
was given free to the soldiers. This
does not include overseas Christmas
gifts and entertainments worth $651,
963. ! Of the $97,817,005 expended, it is
shown, more than $30,000,000 was spent
in the home camps, more than $43,000,-
000 with the American expeditionary
force abroad and $14,409,175 for work
with the allied armies and prisoners of
war. The balance went for transpor
tation and other expenses. The state
ment explains that the "Y" suffered a
loss of $1,478,084 in the operation of
army post exchanges and canteens also,
owing to the depreciation in values of
French and English currency. The con
version of the oerseas figures at mar
ket rates, resulted in a book loss of
$2.432.089... - - .
The report, the committee makes
clear, is not final because the war
service of the Y. M. C. A., which
reached its maximum in March of this
year, is being continued in the United
States and foreign countries. Three
war work campaigns for funds. It
points out. brought from the American
public $123,254,052 and this amount, the
report states, was augmented to $125,
282.8n9 by sums from other sources.
Some Idea of the magnitude of the
work accomplished by the organiza
tion is shown by the statement that
more than 97,000 concerts, vaudeville
performances and other entertain
ments were staged by the "Y" in
American cantonments to an aggregate
audience of 43,500.000 at a cost of
$1,166,767. In addition, free motion
picture shows in the home camps
necessitated an outlay of $2,328,271.
Erection of 950 huts for men in
training camps on this side cost $7,
698,984 and the outlay for maintenance
was $3,965,736. "These buildings." says
the report, "were centers of religious,
educational, entertainment and ath
letic activities for all men who passed
through the camps on their way over
seas or who used the centers through
the period covered by the report and
are still using them."
Overseas, the statement says, work
of even "a vaster scope" was accom
plished. The 1900 or more "Y" huts
and tents built or leased for the use of
the A. E. F, cost $4,801,271, were
equipped at a cost of $2,950,421 and
operated and maintained at a further
expense of $1,014,337.
(Continued on Page Two)
f ACCOUNTS FDR
t-$ATra
S
After Five Days and Nights
Fitzgerald Breaks and
Leads Officers to Body
Said to Be a "Moron"
Republican A. P. Leasea Wire
CHICAGO, ' July 27. Thomas Fitz
gerald. 29 years old and married, con
fessed today to the police that he killed
little Janet Wilkinson, six year old. a
neighbor's child, last Tuesday, by
strangling her. He accompanied the
police to his home and showed them
where he had concealed the body be
neath some coal under the basement
steps. The body was recovered. s
The solution of -the mystery', which
has stirred Chicago as few police cases
have aroused the populace,' came this
morning when Fitzgerald after five
sleepless days and nights, constantly
kept under a gruelling examination and
never-ceasing scrutiny called for ,an
officer and made his confession.
The authorities acted quickly. Al
though Fitzgerald has been termed a
"Moron" by the police, the criminal
machinery was to proceed as usual.
Coroner Hoffman quickly selected a
jury and opened the inquest.
Fitzgerald was night watchman at
the Virginia, a residential hotel. He
lived in the neighborhood. In the same
building lived the Wilkinson family.
Janet was one of four children.
Last December, the girl's father tes
tified at the inquest, Janet came home
and said Fitzgerald had attacked her.
The parents preferred to hush up
the affair and Fitzgerald ' escaped
prosecution. But when little Janet
disappeared last Tuesday morning
suspicion was aroused against Fitz
gerald. Some' children also said they
had seen her speak to Fitzgerald.
Fitzgerald was arrested. He was
questioned about the child but denied
everything. But the police held the
man prisoner and subjected Vm to a
severe examinatiol such as few prison
ers receive. .
Detectives dug into the coal piles
In the basement of the hotel. They
sifted the ashes. They searched the
Fitzgerald home. Lake Michigan was
dragged for a mile along the shore
opposite the neighborhood of the hotel.
Then when the police were about to
despair, Fitzgerald made his confes
sion, the police announced.
Doctor J. Whitney Hall, of the coun
ty lunacy commission, asserted that
Fitzgerald appeared to be a "psycho
sexual case" and that he was not nec
essarily insane.
CAR JUMPS TRACK; 20 INJURED
WATERBURY, Conn., July 27. A
trolley car jumped the track tonight
and turned over when a wheel of the
forward truck snapped off. Twenty
persons were seriously injured.
o
FIRE DOCS $300,000 DAMAGE
LOS ANGELES, July 27. Four vol
unteer firemen were overcome by
smoke in , fighting a fire which de
stroyed a glass works at Torrenee, a
suburb, today and caused a loss esti
mated by company officials at 5300,000.
IT
SAFETY FIRST
Forest Fires
Do Big Damage
In Northwest
SPOKANE, Wash., July 27.
Encouraging reports from crews
fighting fires in northern Idaho
forests were received tonight.
There have been 813 fires in the
national forests in Montana and
northern Idaho this year, of which
12C are still burning, according ti
figures given out by Glen A. Smith,
assistant district forester.
A total of 126361 acres have
been burned over and 380,000.000
feet of timber destroyed, accord
ing to Smith.
Private property destroyed was
valued at $450,000 and the govern"
merit's property loss was estimated
at $380,000.
Lightning was said to have
caused 30 per cent of the fires.
E
TO
E
REGIE SET UP
PARIS, July 27." A strong arraign
ment of the present Hungarian govern
ment is contained in the allied state
ment issued today in . which it was
made to the Hungarian people that
they could only obtain a removal of
the blockade and reecive food ,sup
plies if they ousted Bela Kun and set
up a truly representative government.
The text of the statement follows:
"The Allied and associated govern
ments are most anxious to arrange a
peace with the Hungarian people an
thus bring to an end a condition of
things which makes the economic re
vival of Central Europe impossible and
defeats any attempt to secure supplies
for its population. These tasks cannot
even be attempted until there is in
Hungary a government which repre
sents Its people and carries out in th
letter and the spirit the engagements
into-which it has entered with the as
sociated governments.
"None of these conditions, is fulfilled
by the administration of Bela Kun,
which has not only broken the armis
tice to which Hungary was pledged,
but is at this moment actually attack
ing a friendly and allied power.
'With this particular aspect of the
question it is for the associated govern
ments to deal on their own responsi
bility. If food and supplies are to be
made available, if the blockade is to
be removed, if economic reconstruction
is to be attempted, if peace is to b
settled, it can only be done with a
government which represents the Hun
garian people, and not with one that
rests its authority upon terrorism.
''The associated powers think it op
portune to add that all foreign occupa
tion of Hungarian territory as defined
by the peace conference, will cease as
soon as the terms of the armistice have
in the opinion of the Allied commander-in-chief,
been satisfactorily complied
with."
ONE DEAD IN STRIKE RIOT
CHICAGO, July 27. One man was
shot and instantly killed and another
enously wounded late tonight in a
strike riot in the southwest side of
the city. The shooting, according to
the police, was the result of trouble
between strikers at the Crane com
pany's plant and others, supposedly
non-strikers.
HUNGARIAN
BLQCKAD
ra
THREE KILLED
MANY INJURED
ASWHITESAND
BUCKS CLASH
Race Rioting Develops in
Chicago Sunday Said to
Be the Result of Bomb
Outrages in Negro District
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
CHICAGO. July 27. Serious rioting
of white and blacks in the negro dis
trict of Chicago broke out this after
noon and before midnight two men
were dead, according to police reports,
both drowned, two negroes probably
fatally wounded and more than a
score, possibly 50 persons, both blacks
and whites, wounded or injured by bul
lets, stones, clubs and other missiles
Fifty or more arrests were made and
every available policeman was rushed
into the black belt.
The casualty list, reported by the po
lice, included a negro youth, who was
drowned in Lake Michigan and a
white boy also drowned. The negro's
body was recovered.
A white youth was arrested in con
nection with the drowning of the negro.
The latter is said to have been struck
with a stone, and fell from a raft float
ing off the Twenty-ninth street bath
ing beach, where the first serious
trouble started. Stones were thrown
at bathers on both sides of the color
line, as whites and blacks are segre
gated at the beach.
Twenty-ninth street soon was a
seething, fighting mass of humanity of
both colors. Revolvers, knives, stones,
clubs and bricks were used. Riot call
after riot call was received by the po
lice and patrol wagons loaded with
bluecoats rushed to the district.
Negroes at home on State street in
the heart of the black belt beat whites
promiscuously through the day and
night.
Whites went about dragging negroes
from street cars and heating them.
The trouble moved from one part of
the negro district to another- Hun
dreds of policemen were rushed to the
troubled neighborhoods and succeeded
in keeping the disorders scattered.
CHICAGO, July 27. Fighting be
tween blacks and whites in the negro
district in the South Side of the city
this afternoon resulted in shooting in
which one policeman was wounded and
several other persons were injured.
Every available policeman was rushed
to the district.
While fighting was promiscuous on
South State street !n the colored dis
trict, which extends about five' miles
along that thoroughfare, another riot
occured at the Twenty-Ninth street
beach. Two negroes were reported to
have been drowned after being struck
by missiles. White men were fre
quently attacked on State street, the
police said.
Besides the policeman a negro was
seriously wounded. Four other per
sons, including one white woman, were
injured by stones and bricks, none ser
iously. The immediate cause of the rioting
was not known accurately early to-
night, but for months bad feeling be-
tween blacks and whites has resulted
in DoraD explosions, iignts and neigh-
Reports Say Kaiser Has Never Re
nounced Throne of Prussia Abdica
tion and Rumored Renunciation Said
To BeTreachery By Prince Maximilian
BERLIN, July 27. (By the Associated Press) This
morning's pan-German newspapers of Berlin make a feat
ure of a five-column expose of occurrences in connection
with the outbreak of the German revolution last Novem
ber, including a struggle taking place at German great
headquarters at Spa, November 9, lasting nearly 24 hours,
to induce Emperor William to abdicate. Material is
adduced to show that Prince Maximilian of Baden, then
imperial chancellor, finally took the initiative and gave to
the Wolff Bureau an official statement that the emperor
had abdicated as emperor and king of Prussia, although
it is averred he had done neither and has never renounced
the throne of Prussia. '
Prince Maximilian, it is declared, took this step out
of misguided patriotism in an attempt to subdue the revo
lutionary movement, which was rapidly getting out of
hand and by it forced the emperor's advisers to hurry him
away to Holland.
Th pan-Germans now charge the former chancellor
wTith treachery.
All doubts as to William Hohenzollern's abdication
as German emperor and king of Prussia wrere considered
to have been settled when Berlin advices November 30
last told of the issuance by the new German government
of the former emperor's act of renunciation, described as
having been executed and signed by William Hohenzol
lern at Amerongen, Holland, November 28.
borhood skirmishes.
The bombs were generally believed
to have been the result of illfeeling
where negroes moved into white neigh
borhoods. Negroes have charged that
some bombs were set off by whites.
The chief disturbances today oc
curred in localities where the negroes
greatly outnumbered the whites.
It was believed the police "ad the
situation in hand.
One negro was drowned, a white
man was reported drowned, one negro
probably fatally wounded, a policeman
wounded, and nearly a score of whites
and blacks injured by bullets or mis
siles in a series of riots in the negro
district this afternoon.
The trouble started at the Twenty
ninth street beach, where whites and
blacks are segregated, and spread into
the negro district.
Although ill-feeling between whites
and blacks on the south side has ex
tended over a period of months, em
phasized by bomb explosions, some
shooting and numerous fights, today's
riots seem to have had their start in
petty quarreling at the beach. Soon
after the fighting started a negro fled,
pursued by a number of whites.
A policeman joined the pursuit. The
negro took shelter behind a building
and began shooting at the policeman,
who returned the fire. The negro men
surrendered.
During the fight, one negro was
probably fatally wounded in the abdo
men. The fighting soon had Twenty-ninth
street packed with whites and blacks,
the latter predominating. More fight
ing occurred and a few more shots were
fired and some of the negroes fled, and
as patrol wagon after patrol wagon
appeared on the scene with their load
of bluecoats.
A fire broke out in a small building
and fire apparatus was blocked by the
throngs. The negroes are said to have
attempted to drag the firemen from
their seats. Further fighting ensued.
During the fighting, rocks, bricks
and other missiles were hurled. White
men frequently were attacked and
beaten on State street, the police said.
At the beach, while missiles were
flying, a negro on a raft was reported
to have been struck with a rock and
hurled into the lake. Later the body of
a negro was taken from the water.
A white man, a swimmer, also was
reported hit and drowned. With the
police stations emptied of reserves and
scores of others rushed from north and
west side stations. Acting Chief of Po
lice Alcock ordered every available po
liceman on duty to prevent further out
breaks. The small army of bluecoats suc
ceeded in bringing about a fair semb
lance of order in the black district, al
though the negroes were in bad temper.
Late tonight no further serious riot
ing was reported, though crowds still
were on the threets.
Hospital reports showed one negro
shot through the abdomen, probably
fatally; another slightly wounded, and
a policeman shot in the shoulder.
Four other persons, including one
white woman, were injured by missiles,
none seriously. One white man was
sitting at an upper window of his home
on Twenty-ninth during the height of
the excitement when a negro attempted
to shoot a policeman with a rifle which
the negro was carrying wrapped in
paper. The weapon was struck up
ward" and its hall grazed the window
watcher's forehead and he fell from
the window. He was but slightly hurt.
The negro escaped.
HOSTILITIES CEASE
VIENNA, Saturday, July 26 (By
the Associated Press) Fighting be
tween the Poles and Ukrainians has
ceased. Gen. Petlura. Ukrainian lead
er, has sent a mission to the Poles with
the object of discussing co-operation
in fighting the bolskeviki and driving
them from the Ukraine. Petlura de
clares that if the allies ever arrive at a
point of understanding on the Uk
rainian situation and furnish him with
munitions, he will be able to wrest
Ukrainia from the bolsheviki within
a month.
WOULD COME TO U. S.
VIENNA, Saturday. July 26. Count
Michael Karolyi, former provisional
president of Hungary, has arrived at
Prague, accompanied by his wife. He
is endeavoring to secure passports to
go to the United States by way of Hoi-
' land. J
SENATE IS 11
TREATIES UP FOR
5I1TI1
Long Pending , Colombian
Pact to Be Introduced
This Week Its Prompt
Passage Expected Low
er House Has Much Busi
ness Before Taking Recess
Saturday
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON. July 27. Sonata
controversy over the peace treaty with
its league of nations covenant will be
halted temporarily this week to allovr
consideration of the long-pending Co
lombian treaty.
While the senate considers Uie two
treaties, the house will be occupied
with a rush of legislation preparatory
to the planned recess of five weeks,
beginning Saturday.
The house recess plans, calling for
a complete shut down of the lower
branch from August 2 to September K
are expected to be presented formally
to the house tomorrow. While thi
house is in recess, the senate will work,
chiefly on the peace treaty. The re
cess will delay enactment of sveral
bills, including th prohibition enforce
ment measure, until September.
The Colombian treaty, involving
payment by the United States of
000,000 to that republic resulting from
the partition of Panama, but with the
original clause expressing America's
"regrets" for the loss by Colombia of
Panama, eliminated by agreement be
tween the state department and Co
lombia, will be taken up Tuesday by
the foreign relations committee. The
treaty is expected to be reported by
the committee and ratified by the sen
ate promptly.
Developments thought probable this
week in the treaty fight include state
ments by President Wilson outlining
his stand on the proposal for ratifica
tion, reservations and giving new in
formation as to the Shantung pro
vision. The Shantung provision is the
subject of diplomatic discussions now
in progress with Tokio, designed to
obtain possession of the secret under
standing for restoration of the province
or some other public declaration of
Japan's intentions.
Senator Walsh, democrat, Montana,
will discuss the treaty tomorrow and
will be followed Tuesday by Senators
Thomas of Colorado, and Gay of Louisiana,-
both democrats. Other ad
dresses are expected later in the week.
The foreign relations committee ex
pects to complete its preliminary read
ing of the peace treaty tomorrow. After
disposing of the Colombian treaty, the
committee plans to hear one or tv
of the experts who assisted the Ameri
can peace delegation at Paris.
SEABOARD SHIPPING
SOON TO BE NORMAL
STATES UNION HEAD
NEW YORK, July 27. Differences
between the National Marine Engin
eers Beneficial association. United
States shipping board, and American'
Steamship association, which arose last
night just as the demands of some
40,000 striking seamen, engineroom y
hands and stewards had been satis
factorily adjusted, are scheduled to be
heard at a joint meeting of the three
organizations tomorrow.
William S. Brown, national president
of the engineers' union, said tonight he
was entirely satisfied with the outlook
and expected to see normal shipping
along the Atlantic and Gulf seaboard
by tomorrow night.
f.
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