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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, MONDAY MORNING, JULY 28,1919 "Y" ACCOUNTS FOR MONEY IT SPENT BRINGING UP FATHER (Copyright 1917, by International News Service) By George McManus Continued from Page One) Writing materials and newspapers for the oversea raen, including 400. 000,900 sheets of letter paper, half as manv envelope and 18,000(100 post cards, cost J2.1I96.S08. For motion pic ture shows, in which 13,000,000 feet of film were used in France alone, and spctators aggregated 50,000,000. the "V" paid $1,068,757. More than 34.00(1 eoncerts and entertainments increased the expenditure by $850,969. The cost of the "Y's" overseas re ligious program was $487,684, or ap proximately, two-fifths of one per cent of the entire operating funds. Edu cational plant. literature and library work cost $991,932 and the A. E. F, athletic cost $1,957,301. The organiza tion also operated, it Is explained, mora than 25 "leave area" in various parts of France, at an expense of $831,601 and a chain of hotels for men on leave at a cost of $477,956. Tn the United States, it Is shown, the organization expended $2,105,816 upon Its religious program in the six military departments, which included the holding of meetings and Bible ; flames, the distribution of literature , and the maintenance of religious sec ; retaries and musical directors. Edu cational literature, together with lec ture, instruction in the French lan guage, and library service, was pro vided at home by an expenditure of $1,192,737 and for sex hygiene edu cation and literature the "Y" spent $73,704. Y. M. C. A. stationery for the home huts, together with the financing ot camp publications, resulted in a fur ther expense of $923,629, including the purcha.se of 270,000,000 envelopes and twice as many sheets of writing paper. The "T." it is said, also spent for it territorial war work in the canal zone, Porto Rico, the Philippines and other territories, $260,634; in the mu nitions and war industries, $192,388 and in the students' army training corps, $442,061. Of the $16,042,695 spent for the armies of the allied countries, it Is shown, France received $6,738,844, Russia, $4,805,985 and Italy $3,139,951. Work among war prisoners cost $1, 058,591. The latter sum was divided as follows: Germany, $117,988; Den mark, $99,087; Austria-Hungary, $148, 812; Switzerland, $247,950; Turkey, S56.206 and in other countries $390,545, of the total amount expended the war work council contributed $14,409,175. Transportation of comforts and lux uries to the canteens and soldiers in the field, it. is shown, representee considerable item, the installation of a motor truck service cost $2,702,034 and its operating expense $1,170,761. This included the cost of distributing Christmas gifts and the conveyance of entertainers. The cost of selecting, recruiting, training and paying the sustenance and traveling expenses of all the "Y" secretaries was $3,056,502. Adminis trative, general activities, campaign and publicity expenses disbursed in New York were said to have totalled J.1.164.802. In accounting for the balance of $27, 468. 854 as of March 31, 1919, the stale ment lists assets of the war work council on that date as $43,333,166. These included, it is said, $8,835,881 cash on hand; and assets overseas amounting to $18,761,676. Guiteen supplies on hand in transit on that date also included, it Is said, goods to the value of $5,992,591. Outstanding accounts were said to aggregate $9,735,366. "On the same date," the statement concludes, "current liabilities and re serves amounted to $15,867,312. includ ing $2,792,964 in bills and salaries due in the I'nited States and $6,594,720 due overseas. There was charged against the Y. M. C. A, $1,627,285 represent ing remittances received from the men of the A. E. F. for transfer to the Tnited States. It owed the British. French and United States governments for transportation and supplies, $3,022,-538." ft I IjWT OMEOWETO ) II f 0-TWl I M (OIDNT I TELL 00 I 1! T WXKI ' W He 'B I TO MKT THE L , . . & reifo "aPOOF TO YOU THEN ET lb SPrNniMf. V" DOKE - 6L1T I - fNSV A rm rP''fw 'HSr ft r2 W matter? 1 JTn thktwoz. f Jnfl EXPECT WILSON WILL NOTED IIL II E I en Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. July 27 No word! came from the White House today to clear up intimations that President Wilson, before beginning his speaking tour, might make some public ex pression of his views on the reser vations to the covenant of the league of nations, which some republican senators insist are necessary to its ratification. Although no one in the president's official family would take notice of these intimations, which are widespread, the impression continues to grow in congressional and official circles that the president has some such idea in mind. Tomorrow the president will receive callers at his desk in the executive of fices for the first time in several days. All his appointments are with demo cratic members of the house or senate. No republican senators are to call to continue discussion of the league of nations. There is no indiaation when the president intends to call in more senators of the majority party. Mr. Wilson was said to have under consideration an intinerary calling for his departure from Washington, Aug ust 5. If this date finally is decided upon the president should arrive in Los Angeles, August 12, after making a few speeches in the middle west. o . PIONEER ATTORNEY OF STATE PASSES SMALLPOX CASE HOLDS OP TRANSPORT MOBILE NEW YORK. July 27. The first case of smallpox discovered on board a transport held up the transport Mobile from Brest on her arrival today, re sulting in the quarantining of the near ly 5.000 officers and men on their ar rival at ( amp Mills and the segrega tion of 138 "war brides." A Filipino mess boy -was found to have developed a mild case of the dis ease after the vessel left France. All persons on board were vaccinated. The Mobile brought the first of the Fourth Division to return home, includ ing the 93 officers and 3,151 men of the 47th infantry. The fourth division fought in the Aisne, Marne, St, Mihiel and Argonne offensives, suffering 2.749 casualties out of a total of 5,330 officers and men in action. o FLAGSTAFF, July 27. Edward M. I Doe. one of the best known attorneys of Arizona, died at his home here today following a brief illness of heart disease. The deceased was 70 years old. Judge Doe had been a resident of the territory and of Flagstaff since 1887 and all that time he. was one of the foremost members of the Arizona bar. He was not only an able lawyer but a scholarly gentleman. He was born at Cabot, Vermont, but at an early age moved to Iowa where he received hie education. He was graduated from the collegiate department of the Iowa uni versity and later took a law course In the same institution. After practicing his profession for some years in Iowa he moved to Fort Worth, Texas whence he came to Arizona, Not long after his arrival here the county of Coconino was formed and he was appointed by Governor Irwin dis trict attorney for that county- On the appointment of Judge Sloan to the governorship of the territory in 1909, Judge Doe was appointed to succeed him on the supreme bench for the northern district. He served until the admission of Arizona to statehood. After his retirement from the bench he became counsel for various corpora tions in the northern part of the state. o TO VISIT ARIZONA Word has been received at the agri cultural extension service of the uni versity that F. C. Bishopp of Dallas, Texasjiwill arrive at Tucson, August 11, ready to join the "Livestock Squad" which will start on that day for a tour of the state holding meetings and dem onstrations with the range stockmen. Mr. Bishopp is probably the best posted man in the United States on the control of animal parasites which in Arizona and in the southern and southwestern United States plays so important a part with the livestock production. i Mr. Bishopp is connected with the bureau of entomology of the U- S. de partment of agriculture and has been stationed at Dallas, Texas, where he has had charge of the federal investi gation on animal parasites for a num ber of years. Last year an assistant of his office R. W. Wells was brought to Arizona by the agricultural exten sion service and the stockmen profited greatly from his advice and practical demonstrations. Stockmen should get in touch with theircounty agent and secure the dates at which the "Livestock Squad" meet ings will be held in their counties. A half dozen lines will make up the "Livestock Squad" which will take the trip of a month over the state holding about 20 public livestock meetings. DISGlJullinY E TO MAKE PEACE IN 1917 Keep America Reading m E MURDERER IS SLAIN Br POSSEMAN ITALY SOON TO LIFT DAN Oil IMPORTATION Republican A. P. Leased Wire SANTA FE, N. M., July 27. Isidoro .Martinez, wife murderer, under sen fence of death, who escaped from the county jail here several weeks ago while under reprieve from the gover nor, was shot and killed by a posse at Las Truchas, in northern Santa Fe rounty late Saturday night, according to word reaching here today. The posse went to the house where Martine was located. As they opened the door he began firing, one bullet striking Mounted Policeman Alarid in the arm. Deputy Sheriff Baca then fired at Martinez and the latter fell dead. I A Ration Of 5 T fi Mnape-iNuts ! ! ! S should be on J every table 5 daily. ' ' I Its a builder ROME, July 27. (By the Associated Free) The Italian war trade board has abolished many restrictions on im portations. The list of commodities allowed to enter tlaly, to be published soon, will undoubtedly be most liberal as regards American products. It is anticipated leather will be near the top of the new list, as the public is clamorning for American shoes. Senator Luzzatti, formerly Italian premier, in a statement to the Asso ciated Press, predicted a tariff wall against German imports in order to prevent a sudden avalanche of German products into Italy. BAUER RESIGNS AS FOREIGN MINISTER VIENNA, Saturday, July 26. (By the Associated Press) Dr. (tto Bauer, Austrian foreign minister, !esigned the foreign portfolio today. Jle re tained, however, the post of minister of socialization in the cabinet. The for eign ministry will be taken over by Dr. Karl Renner, the chancellor, in addi tion to the chancellorship. Representatives of the allied powers, as well as Austrians of the well-to-do order, are said to have been attempting for months past to bring about Dr. Bauer's resignation because of his sup posed bolshevik! affiliations. EERLIN, July 27. Dr. George Mich- aelis, the former imperial chancellor, in a declaration published by the Tag lische Rundschau, disclaims responsi bility for refusal of peace overtures in 1917 attributed to him by Mathias Erz berger, vice premier, speaking in the German national assembly Friday. On that occasion M. Erzberger de clared that peace overtures were made to Germany by England and France through the Vatican in August, 1917, and that Chancellor Michaelis on Sep tember 24 wrote that the situation was not sufficiently ripe and rejected the overtures. Dr. Michaelis says that the proposals were laid before him early in Septem ber, not August, and that he discussed them with Dr. Von Kuehlmann, foreign secretary at that time. Later he re quested the emperor to hold a crown council in the presence of supreme army and navy authorities. This was held September 11, and the result ot the conference he says, was summed up by the emperor in the following written memorandum: "The annexation of Belgium is du bious. Belgium could be restored. The Flanders coast, it is true, is very im portant and Zeebrugge must not fall into the hands of the British. But the Belgian coast alone could not be held. "The close economic union of Bel gium with Germany must be brought about. Belgium has the greatest in terest in this. The former chancellor explains that he arranged with Von Kuhlman to make soundings, through a suitable person to indicate, in accordance, with the crown council's decision, that pre requisites for negotiation were recog nition of Germany's territorial integ rity, restoration of the German col onies, abandonment of an economic war and no indemnity. Great secrecy was necessary and it was considered inadvisable to negotiate through the Vatican. In conclusion. Dr. Michaelis says: "I did my utmost and if the plans failed it was due to the fact that our enemies were unwilling." General Erich Ludendorff, former first quartermaster general, is also out with a declaration in which he denies that he knew of the papal letter or the reply of Dr. Michaelis until dis closed by Herr Erzberger. o TROOPERS PATROL NATION'S CAPITAL (By FREDERIC J. HASKIN) WASHINGTON, 0. C, July 24. An important question is now agitating the American Library Association. It f would very much like to know what is going to become of it whether it is going to have to pull in its belt as rapidly and as gracefully as have other war organizations, or whether it is to retain its present expansive girth now that peace has arrived. The army wants it to go on supply ing books to soldiers, and the navy Is equally anxiovs that it should continue its ministrations to that service. But now that the war is a thing of the past, congress is losing interest in the welfare of the enlisted man, end is inspired with a huge ambition for cutting down expenses. Neither the army nor -he navy has the funds to keep the library association operating at its present status. The military af fairs committee of the house asked for $23,000,000 to carry out a recreational and educational prog.-um for the peace time army, and the appropriations committee reported an appropriation of $150,000 or about the same amount that, was spent for left-handed boxing gloves in the army last year. This does not leave much of a margin to be spent on books. There is one other hope, however. That is the hundred-million-dollar educational bill pending in . congress If the department of education is es tablished, as this bill provides, the organisation built up by the American Library Association may be taken over bodily and installed as one of the bu reaus in the new department. Unless tnis occurs, or unless some of ouft leading philanthropists come to the rescue at the last moment the associ ation must close its libraries, fire its force of trained librarians, cease the circulation of hundreds of thousands ot books, and shrink to its pre-war size. A i e view ot the association's ac tivities in the war reveals what a calamity this would be to the nation At the height of its career during the war, the association at one time operated 49 large libraries and 2.887 small branch libraries in this countrv. and 1401 large libraries and a similar numoer or small ones overseas. Thir teen industrial war w6rk plants and iidu snips, including 190 transports. were aiso equipped with libraries. Tn .muimjii, a circulating dook service was supplied to 230 hospitals in the country, ana to 138 overseas. Alto gether it was a stupendous agencv fo. putting the printed page in the hand ot me service man. As demobilization proceeded, many of these libraries had to be aban doned, and thousands of books had to be shipped home, hut a large number are still in operation. Our public library facilities ;fo -e (he war were painfully inadequate; they are much more so now. The li brarians did not. go to the trenches simply to get a view of the scenery. They went there to distribute books, and distribute books they did. They found the major portion of the army distinctly devoid of the reading habit, so they proceeded to cultivate it. And so well did they succeed that the war libraries became filled to overflowing, and a large force of people was kept busy on both sides of the Atlantic ocean circulating books to supply the demand. A librarian was never too busy to disregard the personal tastes Of each soldier. He would work for hours trying to find the books the man wanted and tactfully advising him in reading matter, content in the know ledge that here was another possible book convert. It was an unprecedent ed opportunity to guide the voting men of America toward the habit of reading. The large demand for technical books from the camp libraries in the early part of the American engage ment came as a surprise to librarians. Most authorities had held the opinion that the men would ask chiefly for popular fiction, but instead everyone seemed to be bent upon self -improve ment. Electricity, mechanical en gineering, astronomy, economics and finance were the subjects that in trigued the American soldier's imagi nation. With the signing of the ar mistice, however, there was a sudden and most remarkable change in the nature of books read. The men sur denly evinced a strong inclination for light fiction. "Something light and foolish" was the constant demand. In the American library in Paris, for ex ample, books on the technical subjects, as well as those on art, history and travel stood idle upon the shelves, while the demand for worthless fiction constantly increased. "Moreoverv" as one librarian observed, "the quality tf the reading was reflected in the faces of the men. They were unhappy, dis contented and restless. They could see no beauty in Paris, and they were losing the historical significance of the place. "This was the library's Opportunity, and it was quickly seized. It was no easy problem to catch and hold the interest of these homesick men, but blueberries. , To make each library fit the needs of its community is the aim of the More spec tal need the association aims to create one. It wants to tonow up me worj. started during the war to keep Americans reading, and to keep thous ands of useful books circulating throughout the country. o- NATIONAL HIGHWAY AROUSES INTEREST we strained every effort tactfully to turn the current of the reading. Grad uallv the morale stiffened. Soldiers who had walked through the streets of American Library association. Tari with iinseeinz eves awakened to lover, in the absence of any the knowledge that there was some thing more than cafes and vaudeville. Books on France were swept from the shelves. Fifty copies of Victor Hugo's 'Les Miserables' did not begin to fill the demand. Gradually the dis contented faces grew less frequent; the restlessness was less apparent." If libraries can exert such an excel lent influence over men at war, it is believed that their influence would be none the less great in peace. As the association points out, social unrest all over the world is increasing by leaps and bounds. Uncle Sam is ex ceedingly nervous for fear the large number of illiterates in his family will suddenly become infected with bolshevism. The librarians of the na tion are trained in the art of propa ganda. They are matches even for the bolshevists. Nothing can equal the way in which they have learned to excite a man's interest in the constitu tion or in expurgated histories of the lives of our presidents, or in stirring accounts of the achievements of American business. The association believes that, if properly financed, it would be able to do more for popular education and social welfare work than any other force in the country. So far, the association has not per fected its future plans of operation. It is waiting to find if funds will be forthcoming. But some of its mem bers admit that one of the chief dreams of the organization is to provide more books for rural America. The rural American library as it exists today is a sad and feeble thing. With the ex ception of popular fiction, it provides very little in the way of education or recreation. In the midst of an agri cultural community, it is useless to farmers, for it seldom contains any agricultural Information even in tbV form of an encyclopedia or of a gov ernment bulletin. This spring, Walter Prichard Eaton, the dramatic critic, who is also a farmer, bethought him that the near est blueberry market was far away and high-priced, and that he had some idle land which might very well be planted with blueberry bushes. He was not certain as to the kind of sou required by blueberries, but he had reason to believe that the question of blueberries was fully covered in a farmers' bulletin issued by the depart ment of agriculture or in almost any encyclopedia. The rural library near his home failed to produce either, how ever. He was compelled to send away for the information, and by the time it arrived it was. too late to plant 1 ceived here. BIRMINGHAM, Ala., July 2d. Con tinued interest is being manifested and work done to establish the Bankhead national highway that starts at Wash ington and ends at the Pacific coast as an officially designated state highway by the legislatures and highway com missions through the states it travers es and aiso requesting congress to take the same over as the first national highway to be built in this country. The legislatures of Alabama, Nosth and South Carolina have already passed acts establishing the Bankhead nation al highway in those state and memo ralizing congress to take over the Bankhead national highway as a gov ernment highway- The Texas and Georgia legislatures that are now in session are expected during the coming week to pass simi lar acts. Director General, J. A. Rountree of the United States Good Roads associa tion is in Atlanta this week conferring with the Georgia legislators and the state highway commission in regard io taking over the Bankhead national highway as a state road. The Arkansas legislature has been called to meet on July 28 to take action on the woman's suffrage amendment. If it takes up good roads legislation there is no doubt that the Bankhead national highway in that state will be taken over by the legislature. Just as fast as the legislatures meet, favorable action is being taken. The reports at headquarters show that wonderful work of building the highway is being done. o BELIEVED CAPITAL PUNISHMENT ing the month of June. 81 revolution ists against the present Hungarian government were shot or hanged by order of Bela Kun. according to a statement in a copy of Bela Kun's or gan, the Voros Ujfiag of Budapest re- TO WELCOME PERSHING HOME WASHINGTON, July 27. Prepara tions for the welcome of Gen. Pershing on his return home are being made by both Congress and the war department, bnt the plans of neither are complete. The congressional program, as alreadj drafted, calls for the gift of a sword, a vote of thanks, and the permanent rank of General on Gen. Pershing. War department plans are awaiting re ceipt of information as to the time of Gen, Pershing's return. ACCEPT FOCH'S REPORT PARIS, Saturday, July 26. The su preme council has accepted Marshal Foch's report on the boundary line be tween the Poles and the Lithuanians, whereby the Poles shall move into Su valki and withdraw to a line running northeast from Suvalki. The economic clauses of the Bulgarian treaty have been referred to the economic commit tee. It is expected the Bulgarian treaty will be ready to deliver to the Bul garian delegation by the middle of next weeV " WASHINGTON, July 27. All of the 2000 regular troops brought here to preserve order when last week's race rioting and street dsorders got beyond control of the police, had been with drawn tonight, but the national capi tal was still depending upon the army, represented by a provost guard. The war department recreated the provost guard, abolished several weeks ago. Tonight the troopers, armed with riot sticks and six-shooters in open holsters, were patrolling the principal streets of the capital m pairs. Although race rioting and attacks by negroes on white women have sub sided, street hold-ups have continued. WILLARD'S $100,000 DWINDLES NEW YORK, July 27. Taxes levied on the $100,000 which Jess Willard re ceived when he lost his heavyweight boxing title to Jack Dempsey decreased the amount to $68,590. according to fig ures announced here tonight by E. J. Lynch, an internal revenue agent. Dempsey actually received $23,970 of the $27,500 called for in his contract, he added. The former champion paid a normal tax of $7,840 and a surtax of $23,570, in all, $31,570 according to the figures, while Dempsey's normal tax, was $2,040 and m. itrrav exf tl xaa Advertising Advertising This is an advertisement. Not a very long one, to be sure, but an advertisement. It has a most unusual purpose to advertise advertising. The message is this: . Don't miss the advertisements in this newspaper. Many of them make good reading just from the news and educa tional standpoint alone. But more than that: Advertisements keep you in touch with the world's progress. They point the path to little com forts that were unknown in the old days. They announce the latest styles and tell you where to go to get the most and the best for your money. They help you to save. They protect you from fraud. Don't miss the advertisements. They areguide-posts to better buying.