Newspaper Page Text
THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, SUNDAYIORNING, AUGUST 10, 1919
PAGE FIVE n LU CAL SERGEANT Sffi PRISONERS ABUSED AT FARM Men of the 158th Infantry . .Hated Work but Had Or ders to Treat Prisoners so . They Would Not Return That the enlisted men doing duty at the notorious farm No. 2 in France of v.'hifh Lieut. Frank (Hardboiled) S:ni;h was in charge had positive orders to "treat 'em rough," and that a class of men known as "bombproofers" to beat up prisoners, were assigned for duty at that farm and "The Brig" an other prison farm, is the positive as sertion of Sergeant Ray C. Griswcrfd, of l'hoenix, in a statement given out last night. Sergeant Griswold is in a position to know the facts in the case. He deplores the publicity which has been given the l"sth infantry, and takes the stand that there were some officers of that organization who hated the work to which they were assigned, yet were forced as were the enlisted men, to obey orders. He posftively states that orders were received to treat the men in the various farms so they would have no inclination to return. In regard to the "bombproofers," Griswold naively states that those specimens which were assigned to his compa.ny for their fistic abilities soon learned better, mainly due to the les sons taught them by the non-com's of company L. of the 158th infantry. This class or men were characters prefer ring duty at the prison camps, rather man at trie front. Griswold is earnest in his defense of the men of the lfxth. He points to the record made by the men from that or ganization who got to the front and proudly refers to the actions of the of ficers who went in to the lines. It is Griswold's contention that the truth about the prison farms in France nas never been told, and that the de tails are too tragic to bear overmuch publicity. His statement is a clear and concise exposition of affairs as handled by the men of the liiSth. They despised Hie work handed them, vet were held down to the grind while the big guns up iront were calling to them all the time. It is also Griswold's contention that the farms under the charge of Arizona men were not the worst by any means in France. He says it is well known that. St. Anni's Brig, conducted by the o-ari rcKiment or marines in Paris had a reputation alongside of which farm No. 2 was a recreation spot. He states that when men from that regiment came io oilier farms it was necessarv 4o put them under special guard to protect ineir lives. "ti(,cain unswuia s statement is as iohows: -Many statements concerning farm No. 2 have given false impressions to i no punuc, as to the 158th infantry, be cause so many or them have been heresay or guesswork and because the 158th infantry is involved. I wish to mane a rew statements of facta t listed with the old first Arizona in fantry (158th) in May, 1917, and served with that organization until mustered out in May. 1919. 'The brutal treatment of prisoners in so many prison camps of France was even worse than anything I have seen published so far. That tha h3nl treatment was according to orders is aiso xrue. "That the 158th infantry or even a representative part of it carried out any sucn orders is not true. nen ine Jastn was sent to the vaieues district about October 30, 1918 io tajie cnarge of prisons. T wan n nn sergeant in Co. L which with Co. I was put in charge of a "brig- at Noisiel. about three kilometers from f which was put in charge of companies mm xv. unuer tne command of Lieu uiMuumieaj smith, and at times worked in conjunction with each ULHCJ . Horrible Conditions Fvictd "The most horrible Condition ovlnn J when we took charge at Noisiel. They ..c.c j.c.ui.i,; a. vv. v. l,.s there and also hospital casuals, men whn been wounded, received treatment at Muntm.iia ana wore on their way back to take their places in the front line again. They were kept in the "brig" with the A. W. O. L.s and handled in exactly the same way. Many passed through who had been members of the old first Arizona on the border, had been sent across with our June re placement, were wounded in various stages of convalescence, some return ing with wounds still unhealed, some so bad from gas they could hardly get 11 1. . "me just -ail in' from s f the 8train thy been y.ie man, juan fjnis, an Indian from Phoenix, whom I had known well at Naco, had done wonderful work at the front in charge of a machine gun. An other, a first sergeant In the Rainbow (42nd)- division, had been wounded or gassed five times, went over the top the last time in charge of his company and was making his sixth trip to the front. When we asked, for passes for these men to spend the evening with us in our billets, we were told by the C. O. that it was rotten but was against orders. I loaned my town pass to the sergeant while I was on duty so he could visit with my bunkie. Sergeant Milligan, whom he had known In Ohio. There were many other instances too numerous to mention here. The hospital evacuants were not separated from the other prisoners until some time after the armistice had been signed. This condition was said to have existed here for months before we arrived. Ordered to Be Hard "Regardless of the statements of General Tuthill and his subordinates, to the contrary, we were told that we would have to be hard with these men because they were bad and desparate characters. We were stopped on our hike from Vaies-Torcey, where we de trained to Noisiel and given a talk. We were told that the prisoners had heard that we were coming and that they had made a lot of bad threats as to what they were going to do to us. These orders most certainly were to treat 'em rough.' We were told the orders came from regimental headquarters and was up to us to straighten the prisoners out, . If General Tuthill and Colonel Grin- stead did not know what was going on, as they claimed, it was their duty to Know. We, as recruits under these two officers, were taught that 1 don't know.' would never get us anything but trouble in this mans army. Why do these two men in face of the evidence at the court martial in France, and all the evidence gathered by the investigating committee at Washington, and their own personal acquaintance with Smith, still persist in aetenaing him : They say Smith was doing his duty. and in the same breath deny knowledge oi his orders and the Hun methods known to have been employed at Farm No. 2. After the casuals were segregated from the A- W. O. L.s we were left in charge of them. Many of these men were the dregs of the whole A. E. F. who didn't want to go to the front ot who had deserted from the front Others were A. W. O. L. simply to see fans or other places of interest. Some were picked up no reason at all. while others were A. W. O. L. throusrh acci dent, such as missing a train or losing a pass. "All of them were sent as one class. A. W. O. L. It was impossible for us to distinguish between them and we were to treat them all the same according to orders. Practically none could be called dangerous except to those who mistreated them or were responsible for their mistreatment. When the N. C. Os of ComDanies I and I sized up the prisoners and con ditions we talked things over among ourselves. Things looked bad for us but we decided we would go to jail for aisooeying oraers rather than employ Boche methods. Our own officers. L-aptam Haupt, of Company L and captain Habie of Company L were men. Americans, as well as efficient officers. and all they expected of us was that discipline be maintained. Rieid dis cipline was maintained in our 'Brig' at all times but not a single prisoner was beaten up or robbed. They gave us no serious trouble. "Still Genera Pershing and General xutniu nave stated that these -dps perate characters' could not be handler) mis way. Many prisoners were transferred to us from Farm No. 2 and all said their money ana valuables had been taken from them at the farm and not re- turnea. Marines Hardboiled Too "Farm No. 2, every bit as bad as has been claimed, was no comparison to the versions I heard of St. Annes Brig in Paris as bandied bv the 30th mrin When we got as prisoners men who had belonged to the 30th marines we had to keep them separate from the other prisoners or they would have been killed. "Proof that those higher op meant us to treat the prisoners rough was the fact that the 158th was short of men to do work many casuals wero ot. tached or assigned to the companies iur prison work, ir a casual showed an inclination to be 'hardboiled' he was picked as a good man and assigned. For example, 'One Round' Riley, as signed to Company L because of his supposed fistic abilities, and for some reason changed to our way of thinking. Sergeant Simmons was another as signed to Company L and later placed under arrest by myself and sent back to his own company to be tried for de sertion under fire. Another was Ser geant Peterson, born in Germany, as signed to Company L because he was seen by an officer to hit a prisoner in line the day we arrived at Noisiel. He soon asked to be transfered (for per fectly good reasons.) "Bombproofers" Gave Trouble "These men were called 'Bombproof ers' because most of them did not want to return to the front and would carry out any order to hold their Jobs. They gave us more trouble than the prison ers at first. "Of all the prisons the 158th had NOTHING EQUALS A Plate of Velvet ICE CREAM TO TOP OFF A GOOD SUNDAY DINNER. SMOOTH PURE -DELICIOUS Buy it in cartons at your nearest fountain your home town or Phoenix Demand Velvet 0 If your dealer hasn't got it, ask him WHY. Velvet Ice Cream Co. 333 East Washington St. . Telephone One-Seven-Five-Seven Phoenix Arizona Stun ning New Fall Apparel We are now showing a wonderful line of fall suits and dresses in which rare beauty of style, high character of tailoring, fine quality of fabric and exceptional value are :; evident. Fashions that portray the newest style notes infinite variety in mode and material the most preferred colorings. Here are Suits and Dresses you'll find delight in choosing from: Plain Tailored Suits and Smart Novelty Suits Beautiful effects are produced with hand embroi dery, silk braid, and wonderful vestees of a con trasting shade, which brings out the beauty of the suit; many with fur collars. , Velours Tricotines Poplins Scotch Tweeds Silvertones Oxfords and Serges. We are showing many beautiful serge suits made up in charming styles. Prices range in easy steps $39.50 UPT0 $129.50 from Early Fall Gingham Dresses '(ml 1 mAt vm i -O Distinctive ESSES Strikingly distinctive apparel for women, which reflects the exclusiveness and individuality of Korricks,' in superb display. Quality is a notable characteristic a feature that is readily apparent' Wonderful Serges Tricollettes Jerseys Satins and Tricotines '. You'll marvel at the trimmings silk braid han dled in a masterly manner, hand embroidery and. many beautiful bead-trimmed models. Prices range upwards $25 00 from . . . New Crepe Kimonos Gingham has surely come into its own and practical women are finding the gingham dress to be a very useful dress for many occasions. Fine quality Scotch zephyr gingham is used in these dresses, beautiful plaids, checks and plain colors at the very low 95 Fresh from the packing case these hand some cotton serpentine crepe kimonos in Japanese designs, and at (j Many other crepe kimonos, including silk and cotton, up to, $7 95 6icll Fall Blouses New Particular dressers will delight in these charming blouses, many new and novelty effects and soft colors and combinations. Georgettes, pussy willow, etc., beautifully trimmed with hand embroidery, ' beads fancde $5.95 up T0 $14.50 An Important Clearance of Remaining Spring and Summer Suits, Coa ts Dolmans and Capes at HALF PRICE This is an exceptional opportunity to procure apparel at a great saving. Summer Skirts Are Selling As Never Before i SPECIALS FOR MONDAY: SILK WAISTS $5.00 . A wonderful assortment of georgette waists, with beautiful hand embroidery, bead and lace trimmings, especially priced at, each $5.00. See them in the south window. White Serge Skirts, $7.95 Here is an exceptional offering, practical serge skirts, some plain, others full pleated; just 12 in this lot better see them. .AMD VWMNCrON THE STORE OF SERVICE THE HOUSE OF COURTESN PHONE 1602 . Beautiful Silk Skirts Fan-ta-si Georgette Satin C repe de Chine Tricollette and pretty combinations of materials. Also a dandy line of Cotton, Wash Skirts, now priced at 25 discount charge of, Farm No- 2 was the only one I ever heard a complaint from. And Lieutenant Smith and Sergeant Bush were the only men of the old First Ari zona who did any beating up of pris oners. The other old men of Com panies A and K refused to do Smith's dirty work and were given jobs such as sentry duty, walking post, etc Smith, Bush and their 'bombproofers' had charge of the prison and were re sponsible for the teasllng and beating up- It was the evidence of the old men of the companies that convicted Smith, Bush and their 'bombproofers' at the court martial. "The old men of Company A (Phoe nix's own company) and Company K should be commended fbr the stand they took. Only a soldier can realize the petty indignities to which they were submitted by their officers for taking that stand. "The assigning of such a class of "bombproofers' together with putting a man like Lieutenant Smith (whose character was well known) in charge shows plainly the attitude of those higher up in regard to handling prison ers, and would indicate the character of the orders given us. Arizona Men Not Hard The 158th was not selected because of a reputation for being hard, but be cause of its reputation as soldiers. Al though deprived of the privilege of 'going up" it was considered one of the best disciplined regiments of the A. E. F. and for that reason was chosen to straighten out conditions in the Chelles district. While acting as a training Cadre in France special orders from the First Army headquarters had to be issued to prevent the N. C. O.s from going to the front as privates with our replacements. And the courage of no officer of our regiment can be ques tioned after the exceptional record made in action by the many that were fortunate enough to be sent up, "The- only reason "the old First Ari zona was not among the first to go overseas was because it did not get enough volunteers to fill it to the re quired strength. At that time it had been in federal service longer than any other national guard regiment- "I am sure I speak for the majority of the men and most of our off icens when I say we are shamed at the stand taken by General Tuthill and Colonel 'Grinstead, and tn the case of the col onel surprised. "The guilty should be punished, those responsible for the orders as well as the ones who carried them out. "But the good name of the whole 158th infantry should not be jeopar dized by the acts of two men, such as Lieutenant Smith and Sergeant Bush. -o WELL KNOWN COUPLE MARRED IT Word was received in Phoenix yes terday of the marriage of Miss Flor ence Jean Graham and Russell Jones in Los Angeles on August 2. Both Miss Graham and Mr. Jones are well known in Phoenix, where they have resided for some time, and the an nouncement of their wedding will come as an agreeable surprise. Miss Graham has been a member of the public school system, having had charge of the domestic science depart ment of the Monroe school during the past school year. She is one of the most popular young women in the city. Russell Jones. has been a resident of Phoenix for a long time. With his brother, James A. Jones, he has been identified with the drug business, the two brothers having disposed of the Adams Pharmacy a few days ago in order to take over the Litchfield Mer cantile company at Litchfield. No information as to when the bride and groom will return to Phoenix has been received. They will make their home at Litchfield. d MINING PRODUCTS BOUGHT 9 we are smelters, Refiners and Buy ers of Gold and Silver Ores, Con centrates, Cyanide Products, Amal gam, Bullion, Platinum, Battery Chips and Old Copper Plates. Highest Cash Rates Paid WILDBERG BROS. Established 11 Years Offices 411-414 Paeifio Blda. 4th A Market Sts, San Francisco -0 COIfllSSI ENDS ITS TAX HEARINGS Thirty-seven hearings on various subjects, all of them granted persons seeking lowering of the assessed valu ation of their property, were held by the state tax commission, sitting as' a board of equalization, which completed a week of public hearings yesterday. The commission will spend Monday going over the state budget and setting final valuations. Its report wilt be issued next Tuesday, It was announced. The total valuation of property within the state, and the sum it is determined is necessary to be raised, will deter mine the tax rate for state purposes. It makea no difference what your wants may be you can have them sup plied by using; and reading The Repub lican Classified Pares.