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ONA REPUBLICAN AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL THIRTIETH YEAR 12 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 16, 1919 VOL. XXX., NO. 141 12 PAGES Ik Li ZS THE ARIZ o) 0) i!J lit! JwL WOULD DISMISS ACTION AGAINST HARRY WHEELER Prosecutor French Surprises Defense With Offer To Drop Case Of Former Cochise Sheriff Captain Bound Over To Superior Court On Own Request. Republican A. P. Leased Wire DOUGLAS, Ariz, Sept. 15. Harry C. Wheeler, sheriff of Cochise county at the time of the deportations that followed the I. W. W. trouble In Bis hee in July, 1917, was this afternoon. upon his own request bound over for trial before the superior court on a charge of kidnaping filed against him two months ago as the result of his part in the deportations. During the war Wheeler served as a captain in the aviation section overseas. Develop ments at the opening of the hearing of Wheeler this afternoon were rapid. Before any witnesses bad been sworn, counsel for Wheeler waived prelimi nary hearing aud requested that Wheeler be bound over to the superior court. County Attorney Robert N. French, who is conducting the posecution In the deportation cases, arose and an nounced that he had Intended to re quest the court to dismiss the charge against the former sheriff. Testimony in previous hearings, he said, had failed to indicate that Wheeler had any connection with the deportations. "V do not want the charge dis missed." replied Wheeler's attorney; "p concede that Harry Wheeler was present in the Warren district during the deportations and was doing his duty as sheriff at that time. It is Mr. Wheeler's own request that he be bound OTer to the superior court for trial, anj we insist that a Jury decide whether the charge is unfounded or true." The county attorney offered no fur ther objections and the case went over. Although he had-stated that there was no evidence to show Sheriff Wheeler's connection with the deporta tions, the county attorney's first wit ness In the case that followed, that of County'Commlssioner John J. Bowen, testified that Bowen had stopped him in Bisbee on July 12, 1917, and turned him over to Sheriff Wheeler who, the witness testified, took him by the arm, placed him in a line of men who were being deported and refused to release htm until several hours later. Bowen was also bound over for trial after but two witnesses for the state had hoen examined. The testimony of the sec ond witness was to the effect that he had seen Bowen marching at the rear of a group of armed men on the day of the deportations. five other defendants. John Picker ing, Kd Dickinson, Ike Stafford. Tom Maddern and W. G. Higgins, all War ren district miners, were bound over this afternoon. Their hearings were held Jointly, and they waived further examination after but one witness for the state had been examined. The county attorney's statement that he had Intended dismiss the case .against Wheeler came as a surprise. Wheeler has repeatedly taken all re sponsibility for the deportations, which he conducted personally after having sworn in 1,200 Bisbee and 1,000 Douglas citizens as deputies the night before the day of the deportations. On the morning of July 12, 1917, Wheeler is sued a proclamation from the sheriffs office, which was followed by the de portations. The proclamation closed with the following: "I therefore call upon all loyal Americans to aid me In peaceably ar resting these disturbers of our national and local peace. Let no shot be fired throughout this day unless in neces sary self-defense, and I hereby give warning that each and every leader of the so-called strikers will be held per sonally responsible for any Injury In flicted upon any of my deputies while in the performance of their duties aa deputies in my posse, for whose acts, I in turn, assume full responsibility as sheriff of thfs county." TWO NEGROES DEAD IN RACE RIOTING NEW YORK, Sept. 15. One ne gro was killed, two injured and a patrolman assaulted in a fight be tween negro and white which broke out early this morning at 135th (treet and Lenox avenue, in the heart ef the negro (action. Po lice reserve were tummoned from four station. London Accepts Bullit's Story As True Account Of Paris Happenings LONDON, Sept. 15 With the exception of two or three anti-government newspapers, London journals gave scant attention this morning to the testimony given by William C. Bullitt before the foreign relations committee of the United States senate. , . . The Daily News gives great prominence to the story and in its editorial comment accepts Mr. Bullitt's story as the true account of what happened at Paris and cites Premier Lloyd George's "statement before the house of commons on April 18 when he virtually denied knowl edge of Mr. Bullitt's mission to Russia. The Herald, labor .organ, says: "Mr. Bullitt's blunt facts will have a devastating ef fect," adding that if Premier Lloyd George cannot clear , himself from charges made by Mr. Bullitt, he must resign. LEAGUE COVENANT IS "GIGANTIC TRUST OF WAR" SA YS HIRAM Treaty Means That Ameri can Power and Treasure And Blood Will Guar antee Security Of Posses sions By Italy, France, England And Japan He Avers. Republican A. P. Leased Wire DE3 MOINES. Sept. 15. In two ad dresses delivered here tonight, Senator Hiram W. Johnson of California de scribed the league of nations covenant as " a gigantic war trust." The principal meeting was held in the Coliseum, the largest hall in tho city, where President Wilson spoke a week ago. The big hall was crowded and Senator Johnson was given an enthusiastic reception. Occupying seats on the stage were: Mayor Thomas Fairweather, W. C. Ramsey, secretary ot state; E. N. Hoyt, state treasurer and C. A. Rawson, re publican state chairman. Breeders of Bolshevism "When men in power violate the con stitution they are breeders of bol shevism," said Senator Johnson. "This meance is bred in the breasts of mothers whose sons were drafted to fight against Germany but were shot down in Russia, a country with which the United States is not at war. "I do not fear bolshevism in this country. I have too much faith in the common sense ot the American people. I "The only kind of wars you are go ing to stop under the league of nations are England's wars with America's blood," Senator Johnson said. ! VCanntnt William V Rnrah n f THahn was to have spoken here with Senator Johnson, but he sent a telegram from Chicago statin? that he had been called back to Washington to participate in the senate debate on the peace pact. Senator Johnison was the guest of the Grant club at 6 o'clock tonight where he made a brief address. His principal address was delivered later at the Coliseum, arranged under the auspices of . the League for the Preservation of American Independ ence. He was Introduced by W. E. Miller, a republican, local head of the organ ization. Senator Johnson was obliged to cancel his engagement for Sioux City, Iowa, September 17. because of inability to make railroad connections and substituted Lincoln, Nebraska, for that date. "We fought a righteous war and won." said Senator Johnson. "With ! our might and our treasure we determ I ined to destroy ruthless militarism and it was done. In the peace, we would I make it impossible for this monster ever again to threaten this world. . Treaty Only a Mock "The victory of the United States means neither territory nor reparation. It should mean the triumph of our loud-trumpeted ideals for civilization, for the rights of small rations, for self determination, for democracy. I: means that England, France. Italy and Japan are granted huge territories, vast number of peoples. Immense national gain. The burden must be borne of protecting and safeguarding these enormous allied gains. The question is, and the league of nations squarely pre sents it. who shall bear the burden? Shall the burden rest upon the gain ers, those who made a mock of self determination of the right of weak peo ples, of all our high-sounding idealism, or shall the burden, at the command of one who was a part to the mockery, be thrust upon the only non-profiting nation, the United States? "The sole reason, whispered in fear, or ominously hissed to create fear in the rest of us, why the United States should become the world's guarantor and underwrite the rape of China and the partition of thousands of square miles of territory and the transfer of millions of human beings to England, France, Italy and Japan, is that by doing so the possibility of future wars will be minimized, and there be a greater sense of security in the posses sion by England. France. Italy and Japan of their newly acquired peoples and territories. Talked Much Did Little "But this argument in its last analy sis means that the United States power and treasure and blood will do for England, France. Italy and Japan what otherwise they would be compelled to do for themselves. It means not the end of discontent or the cessation of war, for peoples held in cruel subjec tion like the Koreans or Chinese will ever be striving for their liberty and the self-determination for which we talked so much and did so little. It means that the great democracy of the world our country must not onlv continue a party to the denial of these people s rights whenever they are as serted, but to our diplomatic denial we will add denial economically and by force of arms too. T am not quarreling that our allies make Germany pay the full price," continued Senator Johnson. "I do quarrel with requiring our treasure and our blood for all time in the future to preserve the spoils of war to England, France, Italy and Japan under secret bargains, which in bad faith were concealed from us dur ing the war. During the war, we, properly and rightly, made every sac rifice. We are demanding now, at its close, none of its spoils, but in the name of America, let us at least re fuse to be treated as part of the spoils. Out of the war Great Britain comes with a supremacy of the sea unques tioned. By the treaty she has a fourth of the earth's surface and an over whelmingly preponderance of the peo ples of the earth. Great Britain proudly contemplates out of this peace a British world. Shall we, who neither ask nor get anything from the peace, guarantee this British world with our I wealth and our man power? France and Italy and Japan emerged with ter ritories beyond the wildest dreams of their statesmen and it is demanded that America shall underwrite all their Immense accessions. "We have been told by the president 'that we must now by this league ot nations make the supreme sacrifice and throw in our fortunes with the rest of the world. Why? The very query evokes from league enthusiasts immediate and angry retort and, wl.:'.e they will not enlighten us, thej hint darkly at our motives and -,.ny even our good faith. Occasionally w?e hear that we have at last entered upon a world career, that we have become a part of the world politics and that we can not now either withdraw from the course into which the war drew us, or desert the world which so needs us. In the language of a famous editor of the west 'all of this is important if true, but it by no means esta.bli.shes that we must surrender our cherished position or our loved ideals by becom ing a party to the sordid quarrels and the diplomatic duplicity of Europe and Asia. The United States will play her proud part in the world in the future as she has done In the past a part prouder because based upon American principles and American ideals. It did not require secret treaties and stealthy bartering of unwilling peoples ' to make our nation play her part in the war; it does not require the guaranty of secret treaJies and bargaining and bartering of unwilling peoples to have the nation play its part after the war. Throwing In our fortune with the fortunes of the rest of the world, means with our altruistic brethren throwing our fortunes to the rest of the world, that the rest, of the world may do with our donation as it sees fit. Gladly will we do what duty commands and hu manity and civilization may require, but that duty can be better done, our obligations to humanity and civiliza tion belter fulfilled in the high posi tion of the world's greatest democracy than in the subordinate position of the least consequential of a quintuple al liance, or as one of many bound irre vocably to the guarantee of the many's power and territories. "This is not a league of nations to prevent war. It is a league of armed nations in a gigantic trust. In its very creation it has been stripped of every Idealistic purpose it ever had. It con tains within itself the germs of many wars, and worse than that, it rivets, as in the Shantung decision, the chains ot tyranny upon millions of people and cements for all time unjust and wicked annexations. It is a great world economic trust, wherein a few men sit ting in secret may control the econo mic destinies of peoples. It is not a league of people, nor does it anywhere concern itself with people whose past wrongs and future rights were so elo quently portrayed by the president. It is a trust of existing present power. It will never prevent war, it will sanc tify power in a new, a terrible, and sinister sense." Newspaperman On Tour Wi h Wilson, Killed In Accident PORTLAND, Ore., Sept. 15. An automobile containing members of the party accompanying President Wilson on a scenic trip over the Columbia highway near here shortly after noon today overturned killing two and in juring three. It was the first accident of a serjous nature- to occur during the president's tour of the country. The Dead: Ben F. Allen, member' of the presidential party and Washington correspondent for the Cleveland, Ohio, Plain Dealer. James R, Patterson, Portland, Oregon, driver of the automobile. The Injured: Stanley Reynolds, Washington correspondent for the Baltimore Sun. Robert T. Small, Washington correspondent for the Public Ledger, Philadelphia, and former superintendent of the southern di vision of the Associated Press. Arthur D. Sullivan, Portland, Oregon, new writer. Allen and Patterson were killed out right when the heavy automobile being turned aside to escape another auto mobile in its path, overturned, pinning them underneath. The car righted it self after turning over. Small. Reynolds and Sullivan were riding in the tonneau. Small, who was on the upper side, was thrown clear and escaped with painful bruise and lacerations. o- DENVER. Colo.. Sept. 15. Twenty- live aistiwi earthquake shocks were recorded -today by the seismograph hi Sacred Heart college in th'H city. Tin tromblors started at 11:30 and ended at 11:46, reach ;. maximum at 11:40. Observers said Ihey muld not de termine the direction nor distance of the- quakes. PORTLAND HEARS WILSON'S VIEWS 1 PEACE PACT Asserts League Of Nations ; Carries Out Points Asj Suggested By Senator) Lodge Will Fight Opon-; ents To Bitter End Talks j Of Senate Conference. Republican A. P. Leased Wire PORTLAND, Ore.. Sept. 15. yuot ing from an address made in 1915 by Senator Lodge, chairman of the senate foreign relations committee, suggest ing that rations must unite as men unite to preserve peace, President Wil son told a Portland audience tonight that the league of nations covenant carried out what Mr. Lodge had bua- gested. It was the first time during his speaking tour that Mr. Wilson had j mentioned by name any of the senators! opposing the league. j "I entirely concur in Senator Lodge' declaration," the president said. The president's words were greeted with laughter and cheers by an audi ence which packed the Municipal au ditorium, said to accommodate more than 7,000. Asserting he had found few men op posed to a league of nations, the pres ident said the great objection seemed to be to this particular league. "I entirely concur in Senator Lodge's declaration." said the president, "and I hope I shall have his cooperation in carrying out the desired ends." He recalled his conference with the foreign relations committee on his first return from Paris and said every sug gestion for improvement made by the committee members had been written into the covenant. One of these suggestions, he contin ued, was that the Monroe doctrine be protected. He asserted that not only had the doctrine been specifically re served to administration by the United States, but it had been extended to all the world. The text of President Wilson's lunch eon address, in part, follows: "I think we are now all convinced that we have not reached the right and final organization of our indus trial society; that there are many fea tures of our social life that ought to undergo correction. There are antag onisms set up that breed hate because they breed friction and the world must have leisure and order in which to see that these things are set right. The world can not have leisure and order unless it has a guaranteed peace. "Whether you will or not .our for tunes are tied in with the rest of the world, and the choice that we have to make now is whether we will receive the influence of the rest of the world and be affected by them, or dominate the influences of the world and lead it. "What are you to be boys, running around the circus tent and peeping un der the canvas? Men declining to pay the admission and sitting on the roof and looking in on the game? Or are you going to play your responsible part in the game, knowing that you are trusted as a leader and umpire, both? "If you are going to put into the world this germ, I shall call it, of American enterprise and American faith and American vision, then you musfbe the principal partners in the new partnership which the world is forming. I take leave to say without intending the least disrespect at any body that consciously or unconsciously, a man who opposes that proposition either has no imagination or no knowl edge or as a quitter. America has put her hand to this great enterprise already in the men she sent overseas and their part was the negative part merely. "Every drop of blood I have in me gets up and shouts when I think of the opportunity America has. I come of a certain stock that raised Cain in the northern part of the island Great Britain under the name of covenanters. They met in a churchyard and on the top of a flat tombstone they signed an immortal document called the Solemn League and Covenant, which meant that they were going to stand by their religious principles in spite of the crown of England and the force ot England and every other ' influence, whether of, men or. the devil, so long as any of them lived. "Now I have seen men of all nations sit around a table in Paris and sign a solemn league and covenant. They have become coy enanters and I remain a covenanter. "We . are .going to see this Job through, no matter what influences of evil withstand -it." o British-French Flags At Fiume Are Hauled Down PARIS, Sept. 15, Twenty-ix thousand Italian troops are now in -Fiume, according to the latest ad vices to the Italian peace delega tion here. The British and French troops have left the city, lowering their, flags at . D'Annunzio's re- . quest. The Italians are being reinforced constantly by deserters from the regular organization. It is feared in general conference circles that the Nitti government may fall be cause of the premier' denunciation of D'Annunzio. Signor Tittoni, minister of for eign affairs, is returning to Italy tomorrow. o PARIS. Sept. 15. The supreme council has agreed to send a note to i Germany saying the peace conference disregards the Uerma,ii representations I that General ondergoItz and the Ger- i - j believe there is a plot against Mex i man troops In the Baltic suites are not! ico. I believe that the president of the I under German c ontrol and .holding-' United States known who is behind that I Germany responsible fur the speedy i plot. No amount of questioning ci 1 witljiawal of those forces. I shake my position; on that point. I . ARMY OFFICERS FIGHT DUEL ON HISTORIC FIELD FORT LEE, N. J., Sept. 15. Atop the Palisades a few miles from the "amous Weehawken duelling ground on which in 1804, Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton, vet ernas of the revolutionary war set tled their difference with pistols, another pair of Army American of ficers, veterans of a bloodier war, tonight faced each other at 20 paces, according to a report under investigation by the local police. Unlike the historic duel of more than a century ago, bred of po litical rivalry, tonight'" affair is said to involve a woman. Report has it that one officer, a captain, was so seriously wounded that he was carried to the base hospital at Camp Merritt. Hospital officials would neither confirm nor deny the report. Real Work On Pact Unlikely For One Week Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. Sept 15. The Ger man peace treaty, with its league of nations covenant, was called up today in the senate but plans of the senate and individual senators mere consid ered as precluding any actual work on the pact until next week. While the treaty was put before the senate to be considered in open session continuously until ratified or rejected. there apparently was no disposition to : speed it along until after the inter- j ruption of business by the Pershing ceremonies Wednesday and Thursday. Senator Sherman, republican, Illinois, will take up most of the time of thci session tomorrow with an attack on the league covenant, and Senator Reed, democrat, Missouri, who has been speaking in the west against it, will speak Friday. The reading of the treaty, section by section, hardly is expected, therefore. to begin until Monday. The league covenant comes first, and right at thei beginning, almost, is the amendment by Senator Johnson, republican, Cali fornia, which would give the United States the same voting power as Great Britain. Hot Fight On Vote Clause. How much time the senate would take in considering this amendment, members today declined to say. al though the general view was that near ly every one on the republican side might want to express opinions re garding it. It was suggested that Sen ator Johnson, who is on a speaking tour, might return in time to take per sonal charge of the fight to equalize the voting clause. After Chairman Lodge had formally called up the treaty today, he present ed a printed text of the treaty with Austria, supplied him by a Chicago newspaper, and obtained unanimous consent to have it read, word for word. Senator Hitchcock, of Nebraska, who. as the ranking democrat of the com mittee, will conduct the administration fight for; ratification, made vigorous objection to this procedure, declaring it "a mere squandering of time." PRO-CIfflFhCTu it !1 Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON". Sept. 15. State ments issued by the Leagrue of Free Nations association to counteract what the organization was charged to be a plot to force intervention in Mexico, were largely based on information re ceived from George F. Weeks, publish er of the Mexican Review, a Carranza organ. T. J. Debekker today told the senate foreign' relations sub-committee investigating the Mexican situation. Oebekker is a member of the leagues' committee on Mexico and previous witnesses had testified he was the au thor of most of the literature sent out by the league for publication. Admission that he received his infor mation as to conditions in Mexico from Weeks was made by Debekker in the course of a sharp cross-examination j bv Chairman Fall and Senator Brande- gee of the sub-commitee. The same cross-examination brought out that Debekklr based his charges of an or ganized movement to force intervetion "on newspaper reports," but further questioning as to the ncjvspaper re ports brought the statement that none were at hand, but that he would "sub scribe to a clipping bureau" and get the "evidence" desired. Debekker defended the Carranza gov ernment in his testimony and said that he believed Carranza was giving Mex ico a better government than . the United States could. He also asserted that worse things had happened in the United States than had occurred in Mexico. Later cross-examination brought from him that outside of in- j formation gained indirectly his only j knowledge of Mexican conditions was ; obtained last spring during a six weeks' j visit, four weeks of which were spent In Mexico City and the other two in i traveling about the country as the guest j of President Carranza and accompanied ; by Minister of Finance Cabrera. Members of the sub-committee and ! the witness clashed time after time j during the hearing. At last Debekker, ! ruJsing his voice, declared: GAINED FROM IX R S 5 WITNESS 25 KNOWN DEAD AT CORPUS CHRISTI, THOUSANDS MADE HOMELESS AND PROPERTY AMAGE RUNS Relief Trains Rushed To Devastated Areas With Food, Clothing, Doctors, Nurses And Undertakers AboardRed Cross Workers Take Charge LAST MINUTE BULLETINS CORPUS CHRISTI, Texas, Sept. 15 A relief train from Kingville and Robstown loaded with food and other supplies arrived here at midnight and its contents were turned over to the Red Cross workers, who were in charge of relief measures. A score of persons in search of rela tives were aboard the train but they were not permitted to leave the cars. Report 120 Bodies Found HOUSTON, Texas, Sept. 15 Late tonight a tele phone message was received here from Beeville, stating that 120 bodies had been found on a reef eight miles from Portland, near White Point. Most of the dead, the mes sage said, has been recognized as residents of Corpus Christi. These reports were that 120 bodies had been found between Portland and White Point, across Neuces Bay, while the other victims were found in the city. It was reported some of the bodies were those of Portland vic tims. More Dead At Portland HOUSTON. Texas, Sept. 15 A message stating that the bodies of 23 persons who lost their lives in the gulf hurricane had been received at Portland, a small town seven miles from Corpus Christi and that others were be ing recovered, was received here tonight from Kingsville, Texas, by Mayor A. E. Amerman. The message asked that undertakers be sent to Portland to assist in burying the dead. Three local undertakers immediately left here for Portland. DisDatches Relief Train SAN ANTONIO, Texas, Sept. 15 General Jos. T. Dickman, commander of the Southern department, or dered a relief train sent to Corpus Christi tonight. The train will carry tents, cots, blankets, medical supplies and several thousand cases of foodstuffs. Hobby Issues Proclamation AUSTIN, Texas, Sent. 15 Governor Hobby tonight issued a proclamation calling upon the people of the state to render all possible assistance to the storm sufferers. The proclamation also announced the appointment of a state relief committee which includes Mayor Davis of El Paso. f Republican A. P. Leased Wire A mounting death list and extensive property damage was shown in reports! early this (Tuesday) morning from the Texas coastal region swept by a trop ical hurricane from the Gulf of Mexico last Sunday. Varying reports placed the death list at from 25 in Corpus Christi alone to more than 130. The latter figures in cluded reports of bodies recovered an Neuces bay, on which Corpus Christi is situated. Property damage in Corpus Christi alone was estimated at more than $4, 000,000, while many cities and towns along the coast in the vicinity of that place also suffered heavily. Other cities and towns in the coastal region battered by a driving wind and swept by torrential rains, reported damage in varying degrees, but early incomplete reports made no mention of casualties in these places. Dispatches from Brownsville Monday transmitted by army radio dispelled fears that the lower Rio Grande valley might have suffered extensively from the storm, which weather bureau of ficials thought had moved Into Mex ico, near that city. Numerous frame buildings in the Ladies Seethe Latest Importations .'.'in. the Millinery Line W OW is the time for the j ' Ladies to select their Fall hats. There are large, small and medium shapes, every de sired color is shown,' as' well as all the wanted trimmings, styles and distinctive head dress that will appeal to wo men of all ages.. When-you get that lovely new suit or dress, you will have to have one of the latest fall hats to go with it. An early visit is advised while the selections are complete. Many varieties of business have their ad in The Republican's Classified Business Directory that offer many suggestions, that can be of service to you. Every Day Read The Republican Classified Business Directory. It Can Be of Great Help to You INTO MILLIONS I vicinity of Brownsville were damaged j many wrecked, but the velocitv of the wind, which hardly exceeded 50 mil"s. seemed to refute the belief that the storm had moved through that country across the Rio Grande. Weather mo-i at Brownsville, it was said, believed It. had curved back probably Into the gulf section of western Texas from Alpine to beyond Sweetwater, on the Kansas City, Mexico and Orient railroad, and from Colorado City south, past Brad' and Brown wood. It was feared the ex cessive rains would case some damage to cotton. 25 Known Dead CORPCS CHRISTI. Tex., Sept,, is. (By the Associated Press). With its dead numbering at least 25 and more than 50 persons known to be missini. Corpus Chirsti early today was devot ing its energies principally to givin!! relief to the 3.000 persons made home less by the ravages of Sunday's tropical hurricane. The first relief train arrived at mid night, loaded with foodstuffs and other supplies from Kingsville and Robs town. Red Cross workers immediately took charge of relief matters. Ample Millinery THE BONNET SHOP 27 East Adams. Mrs. Ross, Prop.