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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, January 01, 1920, Image 1

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THE
ABIZOMA
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J.I cX
AN IWDEPEWDEWT RROGRESSSVE JOURWAL
VOL. XXX., NO. 24S
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1920
32 PAGES
HIRTIETH YEAR
32 PAGES
ill AR'T.OrJA
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SOBER WITCH
DADTICC" CCC
H IHIIMLd ULL
Customary Hilarity Absent
Throughout Nation Vice
President Addresses New
Year's Greeting To Na
tion Cabinet Members
Also Send Messages
Republican A. P. Leafed Wtre
WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. Washing
ton welcomed the new year tonight
without any public or semi-public
functions, but with the usual church
and home watch parties and street
celebrations.
Dinner dances at hotels apparently
were more popular than ever. Xa
tioual prohibition had no new effect
for this was the third new year cele
bration since the ban was placed on
liquor in the District of Columbia.
Some members of hotel parties
'"brought their own" and diplomatic
row continued its immunity from pro
hibition restrictions.
Because of President Wilson's con
dition, there was no formal watch
party at the White House and New
Year's day will be observed quietly
there. Official functions tomorrow will
include u. luncheon for the diplomatic
corps by the Secretary of State and
Mrs. Lansing, a reception by the Sec
retary of the Navy and Mrs. Daniels,
and a joint reception by the Secretary
of War and Mrs. Baker, and the Assist
ant Secretary of War and Mrs. Crowell.
Send New Year's Messages
New Year's messages to the nation
were issued tonight by Vice-president
Marshall and some members of the
cabinet. Mr. Marshall said:
"Men. are agonizing over the passion
and prejudice, both real and seeming
injustice and inequality, and the black
ness of despair would settle over our
land were it not that faith, hopo and
harity still abide faith that a deeper
knowledge of the wisdom of our in
stitutions were imparted to evety son
and daughter of the republic, hope that
more and more all men will return
from the contemplation of their rights
to a consideration of their duties, and
charity for all who are not vicious, but
who, through stress of circumstances,
have become embittered.
"God of our fathers, take from us, if
Thou wilt, material prosperity and na
tional glory, but give us indi-idually
and collectively for all the years to
tome, faith, hope and charity."
Secretary Lane said:
"I wish that 1920 may be a Lincoln
year, a. Lincoln year in which oar peo
ple will learn to look at things through
Lincoln's eyes those kind, wise, stead
fast, honest eyes In which there was"
neither malice nor envy, but a great
sympathy in a noble common sense.
Why can't we make this 192:0 a Lin
coln year?"
genemTSctiow
SAYS FEDERAL BOARD
WASHINGTON, Dec. '31. Genera
anxiety prevails throughout American
business concerning the continued ad
vance in prices and a readjustment ap
pears imminent. the federal reserve
board reported tonight in Its review
of December business conditions. The
inference was strongly- given that a
reduction in prices Is due because of a
recognized curtailment of buying power
coupled with a lack of unanimity of
opinion as to what the future holds.
While retail trade shows great ac
tivity and wholesalers and manufac
turers represented as unable to supply
the demand, the great growth in busi
ness was shown to have been in terms
of dollars and not in units of produc
tion. High wages further complicated
the situation, according to the board's
view. Practically every federal reserve
district reported that "skilled labor
was working only sufficient days to
keep Roinsr." resulting in a consequent!
fallincr off in production. j
In face of heavy demands, cautions
manufacturers were described as dis
inclined to commit themselves far in
advance. Credits have been shortened
and uncertainty as to the next three
months in forest ailing the expansion
in trade nuturnlly to bp expected as
,.th nation settled towards its peace
activity. The high cost of living was
referred to as an "unquestionable'
. .. Y
menace.
o
SERBIAN PRINCE SAFE IN PARIS
PARIS, Dec. 31. Prince Regent
Alexander of Serbia, who was reported
In a Berlin dispatch to have been
killed by an explosion, is In Paris and
well. The story of his death, there
fore, is without foundation.
!N PRICES IMMINENT
Where Are You Going To
Eat Your New Year's
Dinner?
WHY not have a meal like
mother used to cook
Yes, good home cooked food
and lots of it, so let The Re
publican Business Directory
be your guide and it will tell
you where you can find such a
place.
You will find The Republi
can's Business Directory, can
put you In touch with any
business that you may be in
market for in a minutes
notice.
The Republican's Business Directory can be
of help to you for the coming year.
Root Will Aid
' International Supreme Court
' ' ,.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 31, (By The A.-P. Elihu Root, former secretary
of state, will be called upon to assist in launching the great international
supreme court provided under the league of nations.
Of the Instrumentalities which are to be set In motion almost immediately
upon the proclamation of peace, a. permanent international court of justice
is regarded by the supreme council as of ranking importance. Consequently,
that body, through its secretariat in London, already has gone as far as possible
towards creation of the court.
Information has come that the plans have been so far perfected as to
permit 'of the extension of certain international jurists of invitations to form
a managerial committee to plan details of the court and define its scope.
As a beginning, only men of wide reputation from a few of the entente
nations and the United States have been selected, but it Is probable that
additions will be made, perhaps even great jurists from late enemy states,
provided their governments adhere to the league. The purpose is to name
such members of the committee solely upon the basis of reputation as inter
national lawyers and judges, which would make it possible to include some
Latin-American names, regardless of the political importance of their nations.
"Mr.R.oot has been favorably considered in the selection of the managers
in full recogntion of the fact that the United States has not approved the
treaty. The reason was to be found in the unremitting efforts of Mr. Root
to bring an international court into existence, beginning when he was in
Roosevelt's cabinet.
English Lot in
New Year Rests
With Englishmen
Asserts Premier
Republican A. P. Leased Wire -
LONDON, Dec. 31. Premier
Lloyd George, in his New Year's
message to Great Britain, said:
"We bid farewell to the fateful
year which witnesses the signing of
peace, that is alike a token of vic
tory and a warrant for hope.
Whether the new year shall be rich .
with promise or laden with despair
depends upon ourselves. We have
reached the time when a concert-
trated effort is essential to the re
building of the world. - ,
"If we quarrel amongst ourselves
we impair our strength and retard
our progress". But by united action
based on common honesty and in- ..
spired by a spirit of general good
will, the nation will add to the
glory' achieved in battle in the c--
. complishment in the great task of ;
restoring the prosperity and well
being of our people."
o
Accuse Wilson of
Arousing Opinion
Against Carranza
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
DOUGLAS, Ariz., Dec. 81. Assert
ing that President - "Wilson - is- ehieTly
responsible for th Mexican situation
as it exists, Kxeelsior. a Mexico City
newspaper, in Its issue of December
22 editorially charges him with
stirring up the sentiment against
Mexico.
The eritorial says in part:
"We have profound admiration for
the North American republic for its
powerful energy, for its love of work
and liberty, for the enthusiasm it ex
hibits for progress and civilization, but
these virtues are little shown, unfor
tunately, in its comportment toward
Mexico. And in this occasion it has
been Mr. Wilson, who has inspired
these sentiments. The president of the
United States, contrary to his famous
doctrine of no intervention, has Inter
vened In Mexico every time - he has
seen a chance to gain. All his orations
and his democratic romances do not
remove one - atom from the force of
his acts. Enough things have been
recorded under the fictionof "watchful
waiting' so that at this time It Is cer
tain there is a halting effort under
way in this debilitated r spirit for an
American mandatory."
The editorial then reclte the lack
of respect shown by the United States
toward the Carranza government in
Mexico.
o
TRAIN SERVICE TO MEXICO CITY
JUARKZ, Mexico, Dec, 31. Through
train service between Juarez and Mex
ico City will be established, beginning
tomorrow, according to an official an
nouncement here tonight.
VISIT MEXICAN OFFICER
JUARKZ. Mexico. Dec. 31 Col.
Francis W. Glover, chief of staff of
Gen. Robert 1 Howze. commander oC
the El Paso military district, and Capt.
Carroll M. Counts, head of the mtlltary
intelligence department at . El . Paso,
today paid a visit of courtesy to Gen.
J. Gonzalo Escobar, commander of the
Juarez military district.
o
nniuil I Aft TO BE WITHDRAWN.
SAN ANTONIO. Texas. Dec. 3L It
is unofficially stated at the foreign
office in Mexico City, according to ad
rices reaching here tonight, .that
Ygnaclo Bonillas. ambassador to the
United States, will be withdrawn from
Washington January 20. Albert Pani
Is suggested as Bonillas successor.
Dining Room
ANNEX DINING ROOM
515 North Central Ave., meals served
family style.
in
Launching
CHINESE STORES
IT
FORCED TO CLOSE
DOUGLAS. Arizona, Dec. 31. Tho
municipality of Cananea, supported by
Adolfa de la Huerta, governor of "So
nora. made good its threat that no
more Chinese should conduct business
houses there, according to arrivals
here late today. The Chinese had
hoped that the threat of the federal
government to send troops to enforce
the order that the Chinese should re
ceive the same treatment as any other
foreigners would be effectual. . This
hope-was lost -on Christmas day, when
riotous scenes took place on the
streets, it was stated, small groups of
Mexicans assaulting individual Chi
nese. Some of the celestials were
beaten severely. Many of the mer
chants sold their staple goods at cur
rent wholesale pricen to business riv
uls of other nationalities, while a few
shipped- their stocks to other parts of
'Sonora to le fold there. As early as
Tuesday afternoon not a single Chinese
store had its doors open, it was said.
The people of Cananea were said to be
enthusiastic and, predicted the move
ment would priad to other parts of
Sonora and. ,t$. the ''republic of Mexico
as a -whole.'' -. """
No federal troops iutd reached Cana
nea 'up to this morning.
Federal Troops to Cananea
NOGAL.ES, Ariz.. Dec. 31. A uo
tachment of Mexican federal cavalry,
under Captain .1. C. SaJcido. was dis
patched today from Xogales, Sonora,
to Cananea, with orders to protect
Chinese merchants of the latter city
from any deportation by local authori
ties until instructions are receiver
from Mexico City regarding the con
stitutionality of the Sonora labor law.
Kmiliano Tamez, Mexican consul
here, said this morning that Governor
Adolfo de la Huerta had given orders
for the protection of Chinese mer
chants pending instructions from, the
national capital. Chinese merchants at
Nogales. Sonora, expressed the opinion
today that the situation would be
straightened out amicably.
Theg rocery, dry goods and meat re
tail business of tne state, except the
municipal market?, are virtually con
trolled by the Chinese.
Taroops to protect the Chinese resi
dents have beeh sent to - Magdalena,
where feeling against the orientals is
said to be more bitter than in any
other part of the state. Military
units have also been ordered to Guay
mas and HermoslHo.
Is Controversy of Long Standing
The controversy ever the Chinese
merchants of Cananea, Sonora, arose
some time ago from their alleged vio
lation - of the "Sonora law which re
quires that 80 per cent of the workmen
in any business establishment shall be
of Mexican citizenship. The Chines-?
were ordered to cloe their places of
business immediately several months
ago, but were later given an extension
of time, which expired tonight at mid
night. It is said that the claim that Chinese
can work for less pay than Mexicans
has aroused considerable hostility
toward the orientals, who are accused
of threatening to lower the standards
of living that prevail in the state of
Sonora. A few days ago Governor de
la Huerta, in a statement defending
the action of the state and municipal
authorities in closing Chinese business
houses in Cananea, charged that cer
tain Mongolians had visited the United
States with the object of precipitating
armed intervention in Mexico.
SUGilR RELIEF
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. President
Wilson, it was said at the White House
tonight, plans to approve the McNary
sugar relief bill before midnight. . thus
insuring continuation of federal con
trol of sugar through 1920.
Decision of the president to sign the
measure, which was passed December
20, followed a conference today in
Philadelphia between Secretary of
Agriculture Houston and the sugar
equalization board. On the secretary's
return to Washington late in the day.
Secretary Tumulty discussed the af
fair with him and then conveyed the
results to the president.
The board, in' a report submitted
recently to the president, recom
ded that it be permitted to dissolve,
stating the law of supply and demand
would, relieve the situation quicker
than federal control could. Under tho
statute the board automatically would
have passed out of existence tonight
at midnight.
IW LAW
lilies TO DO
FULL SHARE II
PEACE Kill
AVERS GMPR$
Pledges Support Of Labor
In Solving Country's In
dustrial Problems In Next
12 Months
Republican A. P. Ceased WireJ
WASHINGTON, Dec 31. Samuel
Gompers president of the American
Federation of Labor, in a New Year
statement, pledged America's workers
to do their fall share in working out
the country's problems of 1920. Mr.
Gompers said:
"America's workers stand ready in
the new year, as in the past, to do
their duty as American citizens. We
have' always placed our obligations as
citizens above all else. As cltiaens
we are true to the American ideal of
equal opportunity for all.
"In the past we have found it nec
essary to fieht for that ideal against?
. agencies that sought to establish spe
cial privileges. These fights have not
been in defence of class advantages.'
but to assure to wage earners the.'
rights and opportunities that all should
possesses;, our struggles may ne
brought discomfort to others but they
prevented a greater evil deterioration
of the virility of a part of the nation.
Labor Struggle Not In Vain
"The great struggle of labor in the
past has been to assure to workers
in their industrial relations the right
of free citizens. We have fought to
give the ideal of America dominating
influence in shops and factories. Our
militant struggle has won general rec
ognition for our demand. But owr
work is not all militant. We are In a
position to contribute to the improve
ment of production, processes and or
ganization. "The immediate problem of the
world fs to develop a production or
ganization that . will benefit directly
those who are the real producers and
will alo serve the needs of starving
nations. When assured of just deal-
j ings, America's workers are able to
I cooperate In treeing production from
I the preventing grasp of speculators
land influence that manipulates Indus-
j try to enrich a few who gain unfair
; a dvarfitage. thus preventing production,
for the ruin or ail.
"This is a big job, but it is essential
for well grounded development in the
years to come. . It . Is essential to that
id?al which is 'America equal oppor
tunity for all. America's workers will
do-their full share In working out an
our country's problems. "
"Hail to the' new year, 1920 May it
bring freedom, glory, and .happiness to
ail our people."
:' o ; "'.
Republican A. P. Leased WireJ
NEW YORK, Dec. 31 Captain Earl
W. Detzer, being tred by court mar
trial on Governor's Island for alleged
brutal treatment of prisoners while
he commanded the military police at
Le Mans, France, today in his own
defense testified he was the victim
of a "frame up-."
Lieutenant L. V. Mahan his sub
ordinate, was jealous of him, the cap
tain taid. Mahan was a former po
liceman and apparently did not like
having Detzer, a former newspaper
man, for his superior in military police
natters, the captain asesrted.
Mahan and 70 members of Detzer'
i company later were transferred for
r "inefficiency and mistreatment of
prisoners," Detzer said.
Private C. H. JUacey, who testified
against the captain, male the follow
ing statement to him, Detzer declared:
"Captain Detzer, we are going ,to
nut you over. We have got the right
backing, and we are going to put you
with 'Ilardboiled Smith' and the rest."
Lacey had been arrested by D. C. I.
officers nine times, Detzer said, but
through some influences was released
after serving a few days of a three
months sentence.
The "Ilardboiled" Smith case was
going on in Paris while his military
police company was being investigated
at Le Mans, and the "prisoners in all
the guard houses thrived on it," ac
cording to Detzer.
The captain entered a categorical
denial of charges alleging brutality
and conduct unbecoming an officer.
He specifically denied the accusations
by Murray Phillips who testified that
Detzer had received half of 5,100
francs he said were stolen from him
by Sergeant Madden of Detzer's com
pany. The captain asserted he never
saw Phillips until the latter appeared
to testify against him.
Detzer admitted that h ha4 ordered
a Private Wright to be given the
"water cure" which he described as
having the man's head held under a
pump. He denied emphatically that
he had 'ever ordered a man to eat a
lighted cigarette.
ASSISTANT TRAFFIC
DIRECTOR QUITS
WASHINGTON, Dec. 31.-The resig
nation of Gerritt Fort as assistant di
rector of traffic for the railroad admin
istration ' was announced tonight. Mr.
Fort leaves his post, which he has
filled since the government assumed
control of the railroads, to become vice
president in charge of traffic of the
Boston and Maine railroad. He for
merly was passenger traffic manager
for the Union Pacific.
RAISIN GROWERS"
HAVE BUMPER YEAR
FRESNO, Calif., Dec. 31. The raisin
crop this year will net growers about
$33,000,000, which is about double, what
it has been any previous year. President
William Griffin of the California As
sociated Raisin company, announced
here today. For the- first time in its
history the growers have sold the en
tire crop before January.
MM. ON WITNESS
STAND, SAYS HE IS
"FRAME UP" VICTIM
BANK RESOURCES
REFLECT NATION'S
GROWING WEALTH
WASHINGTON, Dec. 31 An un
predecendent increase of. approxi
mately one billion dollars in the
resources of national banks for the
year was reported tonight by Comp
troller Williams.
On the last call, November 14,
national bank resources represented
$55,200,000,000. The- increases in
deposits and total assets, the comp
troller said, were scattered widely.
The increase in resources of banks
outside the reserve cities since June
30 was nearly $800,000,000, The
resources of "country banks" in
Texas increased in the past six
months alone $134,000,000 or 34 per
cent.
PRESENT YEAR T
BE BUSY ONE FOR
THIS COUNTRY
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. Any
movement, however, cloaked or dis
sembled, designed to undermine the
government, will be met with "un
flinching, persistent, aggressive . war
fare," Attorney General Palmer an
nounced tonight in stating the policy
of the department of justice for the
forthcoming year. He added that no
quarter would be shown bolshevists
or others- of their ilk - whom ' he de
scribed as "chiefly criminals, mistaken
idealists, social bigots and unfortunates-suffering
-from various-forms of
hyperesthesia.''
Mr. Palmer" disclosed' that the gov
ernment, has been - tracing nwtives,
methods and mannerisms of the ele
ment, .which has been charged, with
73 per cent of t he unrest in this coun
, try. Representatives of the depart
ment of justice,- working' with secret
agents of .the. allied powers, have gone
into the Russian bolshevist territories
to obtain definite information of the
plans of those -responosible for intro
ducing to the world the dictatorship
of the proletariat. . "
Reda Have Specific Doctrine
"Wo ha.ve found," Mr. Palmer said,
"that the 'red movement does not
mean' an attitude of protest against
alleged defects in our present politi
cal and economic organizations of so
ciety. . It does not represent the radi
calism of progress
It represents
specific doctrine - namely, the intro
duction of dictatorship by force and
violence. It is not a movement of lib
erty loving persons, but distinctly a
Criminal and dishonest scheme.
' "Lenlne.himself, - it -is proved, made
the statement that 'among every hun
dred bolshevists there is one real bol
shevist, 39 criminals and QO fools,'
and Russia's experment, we find, the
dictatorship of the proletariat after
two J-ears of wasteful consumption of
accumulated stocks,- still are -promising
the peasants peace, bread 'and land.
The dictatorship of the proletariat has
degenerated into a military dictator
ship of a subsidized and corrupt por
tion of the proletariat."
; Acquaintance with the doctrine of
the "reds Mr. Palmer said, was the
most forcible methods of ending their
activities in this country
He uraed'w
tho American neonlo. in tho In.mt,
of law and order, peace and happiness
darity. to -study the lull meaning of
ths "rori" u.o j , .
through the teaching of Americanism
in the press, the church, the school
and labor organizations.
The Commercial Outlook
WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. Secretary
Alexander of the department of com
merce today summed up the commer
cial outlook for 1920 as follows:
"The closing year witnessed a fabu
lous growth of American foreign com
merce. Our trade balance for 1919 will
be approximately four billions. A
great fleet of merchant ships, neV in
dustries, new sources of supply and
Increased knowledge of our own re
sources are some ot the assets gained
from our war experience. Before the
war we were engaared, for the most
part, in the development of our own
business, with little serious thought of
extension of our activties into world
markets and we were too indifferent as
regards our position of inferiority on
the high seas. Today we "are awake
as never before. The pride of ante
bellum days is revived and we look to
see our flag at the masthead of a
American merchant ship in every im
portant seaport of the world, carry
ing American goods wherever markets
may be found.
- Abnormal Conditions Passing
"Abnormal condition, we hope, are
passing. The tremendous increase in
the exports of the war period, made
up largely of military supplies and the
still greater exports of the months fol
lowing the war, in which foodstuffs fig
ured largely, may not continue indefi
nitely. These tremendous figures
have brought satisfaction to all but
grave concern to those who look for- j
ward to 1920. The exchange in Eu
rope "is a grave problem and so un
comfortable for foreign buyers as to
necessitate in some cases srovernment
restrictions on buying. If we would
continue our foreign trade at its pres
ent high level there must be a freer
and fuller exchange of commodities and
a large extention of credit to Euro
pean buyers. So let us find a condi- i
tion in which buying and sejhng will
be of profit to both sides. On that
basis we may build a commercial struc
ture on a firm foundation.
"It Is too much to expect that nor
mal conditions, .for which we all are
so Impatient should some within the
14 'months since the -signing of the
armistice. The wonder is that the
situation is not more unsettled. Ex
isting conditions are not unlike those
following other wars, only . the prob
lems are of greates proportions and
more "complex. Our domestic situa
tion is not free from difficulty. Let us
hope that in the year 1920 there will
be less social unrest, that production
will increase and living costs be grad
ually reduced and that b, ylntelligent
co-operation . unselfish regard for the
pubMc welfare our national prosperity
may continue."
o
SOLDIERS SHOOT FOUR
BALTIMORE.
Md.. January 1. New
Year's day ;Opned in Baltimore with
the shooting of four young women and
a boy by a group of intoxicated sol
diers racing along Baltimore street in
an automobile; shortly after 1 o'clock
this morning. None of the wounds ap
peared to b dangerous. '
M alone Denied '
Membership In
N.Y. Legion Post
NSW YORK, Dec. 31. Dudley
Field Malone, former collector of
the Port of New York, was noti
fied today that his application for
membership in the Croton post of
the American Legion had been re
jected. . Charles H. Duell, jr.,
chairman of the West Chester
county executive committee of the
legion, announced, that his com
mittee had unanimously upheld the
decision of the post on the ground
that Mr. Malone's relations with
radical agitators did not measure
up to legion's standard of Ameri
canism. N
Mr. Malone has recently acted as
counsel for L. C. A. K. Martens,
self-styled ambassador for the
soviet republic, and has been a
speaker at several meetings called
to protest against the joint legis
lative investigation of seditious
activities in this state.
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
TUSKEGEE, Ala., Dec. 31. Eighty
two persons were lynched in the
United States in 1919, an Increase of 18
over 191S, the department ot records
and research of Tuskegee university
announced tonight. Seventy-five vic
tims were negroes and seven were
whites. One negro woman was in
the list.
Seventy-seven of the lynchings oc
curred in the south and five in the
north andwest. Georgia, with 21, led
in the number of lynchings. Mississip
pi and Arkansas were second with 12
each. The other states stood as fol
lows: Alabama and Louisiana, seven
each; Florida, five; Texas, four; North
Carolina, three; AVest Virginia, Colo
rado and Missourn,, two each; South
Carolina, Tennessee, Nebraska, Wash
ington and Kansas, one each.
New York Very Damp
NEW YORK. Dec. 31. The New
Year received a widely varied welcome
in New York tonight. In the big hotels
of the" White Light district, the new
comer was welcomed by possessors! of
private stock with all the exuberance
of, days when prohibition was a re
former's dream.
"The exuberance of the - stockless
citizens were, however, decidedly re
strained. The cu&tomarv - crowds
Jthronged the roadway but the cow hells
unu ourns were mucn muauiaitu.
At Trinity church, where thousands
of New Yorkers were wont to Assemble
to listen to the famous chimes, only
a small gathering collected.
The brilliantly lighted dining rooms
of Xew York's most famous hostelries
offered scenes in striking contrast to
the listless crowds 'on the streets.
From early in the evening automobiles
unloaded precious cargoes of wines and
liquors. . These were consignments
from the private supplies of the guests
who had reserved tables weeks pre
viously to the celebration. Prices at
these nlaces for 1919 a farewell meal
j ranged from J7.50 a plate to f 23 and
upwards.
But between the champaign drinkers
: .
! lura "le ws a. iima
i class who also included John Barley-
were citizens who had managed to save
i a notiie or two. rvery restaurant in
a bottle or two.
Xew York was crowded with family,
parties " who surrounded tables on
which black bottles were discreetly
clothed in white paper bags.
o
DIVIDE HIGHWAYS DISTRICT
DENVER. -Colo.. Dec. 31. Federal
highways District No. 3 has been di
vided, according tothe office of federal
highways, Colorado and Wyoming re
maining in the old district, while New
Mexico and Arizona constitute district
No. 13, with headquarters at Albu
ouerque, and E. S. Wheeler in charge,
it was announced today. The personnel
of the Denver office will remain as
at present.
MDBS LYNCH 82
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ARTICLE TEN IS
ONLY HITCH II
ES
All Ohtre Difficulties Easi
ly Ironed Out Is Belief Of
Conferees Wilson Sends
Tumulty To Confer With
Hitchcock 'Democrats
Draft Plan
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, Dec. 31. Getting
down to cases in their discussion of a
peace treaty compromise, republican
and democratic senators found today
that article ten continued a stumbling
block in the way of an agreement.
Senate leaders of both parties again
were active in tho negotiations and
the succession of conferences Indicated
that the situation might take more
definite form. It was said that al
though no agrement was in sight, the
sifting process had cleared many col
lateral points and had centered atten
tion on a few reservations, notably the
one relating to article ten. '
Democrats Seek Modification
It was the reservation on this point,
as framed by the foreign relations
committee, which President Wilson
characterized as meaning a rejection
of the treaty. Determined to get sorao
modification, democratic senators have
presented several suggestions but all so
far have been regarded on the repub
lican side as going too far. The re
publicans, in turn, have suggested
changes which the democrats regard
as modifications of language only-
Three conferences attracted particu
lar attention among the many which
were held today. Senator Lodge ot
Massachusetts, the republican leader,
went over compromise suggestions with
Senator Pomerene of Ohio, a demo
cratic member of the foreign relations
committee.
Tumulty Meets Hitchcock
Later, . Secretary Tumulty went to
the capitol. and. speaking for th
president, disenssed the situation with
Senator Hitchcock of Nebraska, act
ing leader of tho democrats. Tonight
Mr. Hitchcock called into consultation
all democratic members of the com
mittee In town.
Details of none of these meetines
were revealed, but it was understood
that specific reservation changes wort
discussed and that in each ca?e ar
ticle ten figure dprominently.
As a committee member who worker!
for unreserved ratifications and latr
voted for acceptance ot the republican
reservation program. Senator rom
eren is understood to have given Sen
ator Lodge a comparative estimate of
compromise sentiment amonr th dem
ocrats and to have outlined how far
he thought the administration sena
tors would be willing to po In regard
to article ten.
Secretary Tumulty said his cnll on
Senator Hitchcock was to cbtain. ;it
President Wilson's request, the Lit
est information about the siri;tiu?-!.
He said he did not take to the capitol
any new scheme, though it i asumed
that the democratic senate lender in
quired about Mr. Wilson's attitude to
ward a compromise.
Draft Democratic Proposals
The meeting- tonight of the foreign
relations committee democrats was un
derstood to have - taken steps to re
duce to a definite form democratic
proposals for redrafting the repub
lican reservations. The subject t-ia
considered In the light of the informa
tion obtained during the day by Sen
ators Hitchcock and Pomerene and
with a view to framing a program be hind
which the administration rorc?
could unite.
.It was the first attempt of the demo
cratic committee members to get 1-.
gether on such a program. Thoe who
were present declined to discuss the
meeting, but said some progress ha d
been made.
Besides article ten, the majority
reservation regarding voting power in
the league of nations figured In ttia
day's discussion. Some administration
Close
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