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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, January 01, 1920, Section Two, Image 22

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020558/1920-01-01/ed-1/seq-22/

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PAGE SIX
(Section Two)
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Can The Dairy Cow '
Compete With Cotton
BY M. E. BEMIS
As I may have said before on divers
irxd Sundry occasions, there is no real
scnxpetltlon between the dairy cow and
rot tan. In fact the reverse is true for
they should both have a place on prac
tically every farm in the southwest
-here alfalfa and cotton can he raised
is successfully as they can be in the
alt; River valley.
It matters little whether we crown
;otton klngr and confer to the cow the
atle of queen, or reverse the designa
:ions." the fact that we don't want to
et away from la that it is not good
'or the community as a whole or anv
'arm as an individual unit to let either
-w or cotton become strangers.
With cotton worth SO cents a pound
is if is today, there Is a strong incen
:rve to plow up every acre that will
produce even a fair crop and plant it
:o cotton. Before this is done, how-
ver. one should look at every angle
T tne situation. An acre of cotton pro
ducing a bale of lint and worth $400
r more is most oortainly alluring but
there are some limiting factors and
wemay as well be honest with our
selves and acknowledge them, and be
also fair to ourselves and play safe.
The Maximum Crop
JLmong the things that should be
considered by any farmer la how to
produce the maximum . crop per acre
with a minimum cost. Obviously the
maximum crop cannot be produced on
land that is not adapted for it. and it
is a fact that land that has not been
in alfalfa for some time, as a general
thing will not produce a maximum
crop of cotton. Puttlngthis another
way around, the biggest cotton crops.
with few exceptions, have been pro
duced on land that has been in alfalfa
for some time, and many of these
yields that are exceptional have been
on land that has been run as a dairy
farm for some years previous. In other
words the dairy farm is an ideal farm
i or raising cotton, but in order to
make it perpetual. It is evident that
some land must be kept in alfalfa and
the product fed to livestock of some
kind, or there will come a. time when
there. is no more alfalfa to plow up and
the land which has produced a profita
ble crop of cotton for a number of sea
sons' will fail to produce a profitable
crop. -
Half a Bale Average
Therefore the limiting factor which
may be styled number one in the series
of limitations is the area which will
produce a maximum, or at least above
an average crop, and the average is
ji pproximately one half Dale to the
acre. The "second limitation and It
may be even more important than the
first, is the labor question. Most of
the cotton pickers this season and la3t
have been Mexicans that have been
brought in under bond from old Mexico
under a special war ttme ruling. The
provisions of this ruling require that
no more be brought in after January
1st ofThe coming year. Unless some
rreans are. found for bringing In labor
ers, from Old .Mexico, there will be no
lit Or available for picking next sea
son's crop. It is useless to say that
ome means will be found, without
having in sight some possible source
of labor. Witih the labor troubles that
eiat in so many lines, the. danger from
strikes is too great to hazard the risk
of bringing in Indiscriminately labor
ers from thd cities of the east.
Picking Is Big Factor
Again the laborers that would be
available from such a source would be
inexperienced and would not be able
a make living wages in the cotton
fields, or at least many of them would
not. The coet of harvesting cotton
even at three cents a pound amounts 1
to a considerable item. "Without the
present labor which we have had for
the past two years, it is easily possible
that the labor cost of harvesting cotton
may be increased to twice what it is
at present.
It is of course to be devoutly hoped
that special legislation may. be had
which will enable us to bring in labor
ers from Old Mexico the same as we
have for the past two seasons, but
tnere is very grave doubt that con
gress will pass such legislation, and
without.it the cotton growers who can
not furnish the labor from their own
famies are taking a chance when they
plant cotton next season. It is not the
intention of this artrrle to take a pes
simistic view, but these facts are well
known and should have emphasis
rather than be suppressed.
Danger From Pests
A serious danger to cotton growers
s tne diseases of the plant and the in
sect enemies. So far we have been
very fortunate in combatting the dis
eases, in fact we have practically none
with the exception of the root rot. Just
how serious this may become is nrob-
lematlcal. but it is one of the factors
that will limit somewhat the yields and
therefore the profits of the cotton
growers on land where it prevails. The
insect question has been so far on
that has not worried the growers to
any great extent. AVe do not believe
that the boll wevil would prove as de
structive here as in the humid sections
but it is a menace that might prove
destructive. The pink boil worm, if
introduced here, would most certainly
endanger the cotton industry, possibly
rum it altogether for a number of
years. Every precaution that can be
taken is being used to keep thest in
sects out, but the unfortunate history
of other countries vKre these In.vr-ts
have got a hold should be warning of
me danger that we constantly face.
Thls'ls preliminary to an argument
for not "putting our eggs all in one
basket" to use a trite but fitting ex
All Eggs in One Basket
To summarize: The farmer that has
all his land adapted to cotton would
maKe more money next year to nut
that all In cotton, if he could be ab
solutely sure that he would have no
iaDor trouDies, and that there would
be no troubles and incident los from
Insects or plant diseases. These things
are uncertain, therefore he plays safe
who keeps a part of his farm in alfalfa
and feeds that to dairy cows or other
livestock.
The immediate profits . from dairv
cows will not be as much as the profits
rrom cotton on land that is adapted
to cotton, provided that th
be harvested.. So far as anything can
be determined in advance, there will
be a good market for milk and othe
dairy products. There is an increas
ing demand for dairy cows and one
that will almost certainly Increase as
the years go on. The farmer who h
dairy cows to sell next fall will be far
more fortunate 'than the farmer who
may be looking-for good dairv cows to
buy. 1
The dairy farmer Is olavine-
The all cotton farmer is ttittnr .i
chance.
e : ;
COURTING. JUSTICE
"I noticed you wave your hand to
that traffic policeman."
"Yes," said the motorist
.-"Old friend of yours?"
In & way. lie's carried me to court
a few times." Birmingham Age-Herald
BUILDING IN PHOENIX
PASSES ALL RECORDS
1B19 IS REMARKABLE
- "There has never been a time in the
history of Phoenix when so many
houses have been built regardless of
the almost prohibitive cost," said F. "VV
Griff en, president of the chamber of
commerce, in discussing the rapid
strides which Phoenix has' made in
building during the year 1919. "Every
one knows that the town is growing as
never before, and if anyone doubts,
let him go to the office of the county
recorder, where from 20 to 50 real
estate deeds are handled in a day nxw,
as compared with four or five two and
three years ago.",, .
Mr. Griff en was most optimistic over
the growth which has been made, and
estimates that in 1925 the city will
have a population of 100,000 people. He
called particular attention to the
growth in that portion of the down
town district bounded by First and
Seventh avenues, Washington and
Monroe streets, where more, than halt
a million dollars worth of construction
is in course at the present time, he
says.
"In addition to the dwelling houses
which are being sold as fast as they
can be built," continued Mr. Griffen.
"we must look back over the year and
remember tne new hotel, the new
Heard building, the country club, the
centralization here of the business of
the Babbitt company, and other things
which have either been definitely
planned or actually set under way.
The backers of the new country club
will have inyested between $150,000
and $175,000 when It is finished, . and
it will be something we all can be
proud of. It is something which we
have needed for a long time.
"Paving is of course being continued
at a rapid rate. The success of the
recent Yy M. C. A. campaign is another
evidence of prosperity. New money is
being invested in banks, as witnessed
by the reports issued the other day
from the National Bank of Arizona and
from the Central bank. A new bank,
the Commercial National, is coming in.
That is the greatest feature of the
lar, to me, the large Investments
-which have been made bv outald
capitalists.
"Land valies have gone skyward, Oi
course. On January 28, 1916, for In
stance, 80 acres of land near Peoria
sold for $60 an acre. Last week it was
re-sold in smaller tracts at $500 an
acre. That is an increase of 833 per
cent. I know that there are pessimists
wno are looking for a slumn. and al
though values now hinge on cotton, I
don't think there will be a slump. I
believe that day Is past when a dollar
will buy a bit more than it will buy
today, at the close of 1919.
'Cotton, of- course. Is nractloMv
king. I think everyone should be con
servative, and instead of making in
vestments with 80 cent cotton in View.
make them figuring cotton at 50 cents
a. pound for next -year. Then anvthinr
'kbove that will be an agreeable sur
prise.
Another thing I think we should
look forward to is the elimination of
disastrous floods-such as the last one
by building dams on all the watev
sheds of the valley. We can irrigate
twice as much land as we do at present
by the conservation of water.
"I am optimistic as can be over fu
ture prospects. We mustn't go crazy,
but there la certainly every excuse for
optimism."
-o .
Use The Republican Classified Pares
for Results Read for Profit.
LARGE LB DEAL
IT
WASH
FAILURE
It was categorically denied yester
day by Sidney P. Osborn,of the firm
of Osborn and Boyce that the deal for
the Kingsbury ranch Involving a quar
ter of a million . of dollars had fallen
through. It had been erroneously1 re
ported : in a southside paper that the
deal had not been consumated and that
the ranch had been leased.
The deed for the land conveying one
of the largest ranches in the valley has
been recorded and a syndicate headed
by Angus Cashion and composed of
Sidney P. Osborn, C. R. Greene and
Cecil Boyce, has taken possession of
the tract. W. J. Kingsbuhy, former
owner of the ranch which is situated
near Kyrene Station, has leased an
other tract of 200 acres. It was this
deal which lead to the report that the
larger proposition had' fallen through.
It. Is the intention of the syndicate
to put the entire ranch of 750 acres
In cotton. This, is one of the largest
land deals consumated by a local real
estate firm in the valley in some time.
Osborn and Boyce have been in the
land business but a comparatively
short time, but during that period they
have gained for themselves a reputa
tion of putting over several of the
largest deals In the valley In a man
ner thoroughly satisfying to their
clients. :
PROMINENT EDITOR PASSES
LONG BEACH, Cal., Dec 30. Lu
ther H. Clark, 65, for the last 20 years
editor-in-chief of the Dallas, . Texas,
News, died of heart trouble at his
temporary home here today. Ho , had
been in poor health for five years. He
came to Long Beach six months ago
after a tour, of Europe in the hope of
improving his health. He is survived
by a widow. His body will be sent
to Dallas for burial.
" We thank our friends and patrons for the confi
dence and good will they have shown lis during
the past year, and hope for a continuance of the
same to our mutual good'f or the year now be
ginning. -
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CARL H. ANDERSON
v Every Kind of Insurance
Adams Hotel Block
Phoenix
f B B B YlW int'll H WTITHS
HI1U lll'y I! II!'PH!111I 11 H'
Greetings
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To the hundreds of Dodge car owners in Phoenix and
the Salt River .Valley '
to the many who contemplate the ownership- of a
Dodge Car-
-:-and to our host of friends, We Wish a
A
New Year
McArthur Bros.
Central and Madison
Dodge Bros, Cera
fC C v Work more
P ) , Produce more
X Save more
WW
A nit anwvant of work new
marios to be done which the In
rrrentloa of war has necessarily
delayed and accumulated, and
th result is that very
large capital expenditures ought
to be Bade to make up for thex
interruptions inevitably due te
the war and to prepare the tail
reeds to serve adequately the in
creased traffic throegbont the
country. j
WALKER D. HINES,
1 VirvcUrttoiHraltJtaUrva&t
But we can't continue increasing our pro
duction unless we continue increasing: our rail
road facilities,
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The farms, mines and factories cannot in
crease their output beyond the capacity of the "
railroads to haul their products.,
Railroads are now near the peak of their
.carrying capacity. .
Without railroad expansion more engines,
more cars, more tracks, more terminals there
can be little increase m production.
v But this country of ours is going to keep
right on growing and the railroads must grow
with it.
To command in the investment markets the
flow of View capital to expand radroad facilities
and so increase production there must be
public confidence in the future earning power
. of railroads
' The nation's business can grow only as fast
as the railroads grow.
I
iApuhtuhed by the
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Thots AesUring information, tonctmine the railroad fituatio nay obtain liter
ture by writing to The Auociation of h'nilvav Executives, 6t Broad vay. Aew Fork
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