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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN. WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 24, 1920 THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN ; PHOENIX, ARIZONA Published Every Morning by thm ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY . Kntered at the Postoffice at Phoenix, Arizona, as Mail Matter of the Second Class i 'resident and Ueneral Manager.... Dwigbt B. Heard Business Manager Charles A. Stauffer 'Assistant Business Manager W. W. Knorpp Kditor ..... J. W. Spear New Editor E. A. Young SUBSCRIPTION BATES IN ADVANCE Daily and Sunday One yr fS.00; 6 mos $4.0; 3 mo $2X0; 1 mo, 75c. Pknno Private Branch Exchange AT nOIlC tJOl Connecting All Departments Oeneral Advertising Representatives: Robert K. Ward. Brunswick Bldg.. New Tork. Mailers .Bide. Chicago; W. K- Barranger, Examiner Bldg, Saa Francisco, Post Intelligencer Bldg., Seattle. Title Insurance Bldg-. Los" Angeles. ' MEMBER OiT THE ASSOCLATED PRESS Recetvtng Full Night Report, by Leased Wire The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the nst for re-publication of all news dispatches cred- j lted to It or not otherwise credited in this paper ; and also the local news published herein. All rights of re-publication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. WEDNESDAY MORNING, MARCH 24, 1920 Wealth, after all is a relative thing, since he that has little and wants less, is richer than he that, has much and wants more. Colton. How to Reach Contractors Though The Republican is in the advertising business and wants all the legitimate advertising it can get, and though it believes in the patronizing of home industry and in keeping money at home it ; would suggest to the county highway commission the advertisement in outside technical journals for bids on the highway program. Local papers of course can reach local con ! tractors. They might also reach some outside con- i tractors, but as a rule construction concerns in search of contracts do not look for advertisements in news papers. That is a specialty of the technical journals. An advertisement for thirty days placed in two ; or three of the best known journals of that class would be brought under the eye of practically every contractor in the United States who is engaged in road construction. In that way we think, competition i in bidding could be secured ty the commission : something that previous advertisements have not ! brought out. - . The money so spent in reaching the largest pos- I sible number of contractors we believe would be a good investment. iii The Watch Trade . It may not be generally known outside the trade that the retail jewelers are finding it difficult to re plenish their stocks of watches. We have at hand a. copy of a letter from the Elgin National Watch company to a local jeweler explaining the situation 3n the watch trade, and which, at the same time, no doubt throws some new light on the general scarcity of commodities. Normally, it is stated, there are enough watches made in this country to fill the demand caused by replacements, and by the increase in population. Usually there is a small margin on the side of pro duction. But for the last three years the demand has not been met by the supply. Among the causes are these: the diversion in Europe of many skilled work men from the watch making industry into munition making and other better paying lines; a change of policy even before the war, of large American pro ducers who had come to believe that quantity pro duction was a wrong policy; and their inability ince, on account of the labor situation to restablish themselves as quantity producers. Thus, though the demand for watches is greater than it ever was, fewer watches are being turned out than there were a half dozen years ago. This greater demand is caused by two influ ences. One is the unprecedented prosperity of the country and the other is prohibition. "People who never bought watches before, says the letter,' "are buying them because they cannot think of anything else to buy." 1 For the same reasons, we suppose, there are people who are wearing silk shirts and are clad in silk underwear, who previously wore only wool or cotton, and who are now buying clothing and shoes of a quality they had never dreamed of. We learn with interest that in order to meet the new situation, the Elgin company has not recorded an order in the last two years. It sought to effect as even a distribution as possible, of its output among jewelers. In order to accomplish this it was obliged to effect tho distribution wholly through the job bers and the latter were served pro rata, using the individual jobber's average as a guide in making deliveries to him. The company has gone after no new business and it deprecates the fact that some too ambitious jobbers who have gone outside the lists of their reg ular customers, have accepted more orders than they could fill. A Bad Paymaster The postoffice clerks and other employes have a ' just grievance in the proposition to withhold the $240 ; bonus by which their meager salaries have been eked out. A nation which would permit such an act .of injustice would deservean inferior, postal service "of which complaint has always been made. This service, by the way, is the fault not of the 'employes but of the system. It is, perhaps, no worse fthan any other service the government is blunder ingly performing, but only more people are inti "mately touched by the postal service than any other. The whole plan is wrong and tho system of remuncration is outrageous, not only in the postal service but in every other branch of the government service. Only the heads who receive executive ap- s tpointments and who usually . do no work, exercise little or no supervision, do nothing but draw their jsalarles, are decently paid frequently beyond their Ideserts. But the real workers receive less than iwould be paid them, if they are at all -competent, by 5a private employer for a somewhat similar service. f It is often said that those in the employ of the government are inferior- Conditions have had a leveling effect, and not the least influential of- these x-onditions is the civil service which, while it was Slimed at the iniquitous spoils system, has had also aihe effect of stifling merit. Tho other main adverse Condition has been the low remuneration paid gov--trnment employes. '. - - J This subject was touched upon with character istic vigor by Federal Judge K. M. Landis in a meet ing of postoffice clerks and other federal employes at 5:hicago la.t Sunday. He described the scale of v:igos and the proposed abolition of the bonus as Tank Injustice." He urged an appeal to the public's sense of justice, for the re-establishment of the bonus and a decent wage s cale. Perhaps he suspected that the public would b apathetic as it usually is when it is "not itself vitally concerned, or does not realize its concern, as it often does not, for he added: "Get out of the public service if you possibly can for as long as you re main a federal employe you will be served with every form of injustice." It is not strange that a young man, or woman should enter, the federal service where employment at beginners' remuneration, is easy to secure. But it Is strange that any man or woman of ambition and capability should remain in the service. Many of them do not. In spite of the clogging, sticky-fly-paper character of the level upon which they are placed, there are many who rise above it, and .attract the notice of more discriminating and generous private employers. ' Solution of the Servant Problem '" Though it is not yet mid-summer in New Tork so that heat may establish an alibi when accused of affecting the metropolitan brain, a young housewife staggering under the servant problem rushes to the papers with what she conceives to be a' solution. She proposes that in order that the American home be maintained intact and kept running smoothly, the "unmarried women of the country be enrolled, sub ject to a selective draft as home helpers to the married." And why not? Is it not as Important that the country be made safe for family life as it was that the world should be made safe for democracy? The young woman, it should be said, did not propose the selective draft for unmarried girls as a settled national policy; only as an emergency policy which would be abandoned on the restoration of such normal conditions as the swarming hither again of servant girls from Europe. But then the selected war draft was not a settled national -policy, only an emergency policy. We need not go Into the other side of the ques tion, that of the unwilling unmarried woman who would no doubt protest against involuntary servitude and point screamingly at the thirteenth amendment to the constitution. We need not show that such a scheme would put into the kitchen of strange homes some thousands of young women who are now chas ing around in limousines maybe hunting servants themselves. We suppose, though, Miss Vere de Vere, the, heiress of millions, would be given a chance to enlist before she would be taken bodily by force to wait on the table of some new-rich "lady." We will inquire only into the needs of the Ameri can home in the present exigency. No doubt there are many harassed and overworked housewives whose "work from sun to sun is never done." But there are other homes, where the housewife is not harassed by household duties, neither she nor her unmarried daughters (who by the way would be subject to the selective draft.) whose duties are pure ly social. Should tlfey be compelled to neglect those .. duties to be thrown into domestic drudgery? We should like to see the government adopt such a selective draft, just to behold what would happen., After it was over the government would know that it had been at war. Presidential Primary Expenditures Senator Borah's accusation that unlawful sums are being spent to further-the interest of General Wood has no other basis than rumors which have beeen set afloat by the opponents of the general. It has not not been claimed that there is anywhere positive knowledge of the unlawful use of money by the managers of General Wood. Only the remark able progress the campaign has made, has aroused a suspicion that was waiting to be aroused and which weafy of waiting, has aroused itself. The prompt reply to the accusation of Mr. Borah will probably be the end of it. It .is not generally known that there is a law limiting expendiutres in presidential primaries! It was enacted in 1912 but too late for application that year and since then little or no attention has been paid to it. It would probably not now have been re called but for the Newberry case. There seems though to be no restrictions of sums that may be spent In presidential campaigns except such as are fixed by state and federal laws, prohibit ing certain activities. It is recalled that some months ago Chairman Cummings of the national democratic committee said that that committee would have $10,000,000 at its disposal in the approaching cam paign. . " - Only Three Days More Only three more days for registration. There' are only about 6500 voters on the list now, 500 less than we had a year ago on the eve of the close of registra tion. At the rate things have been going we will not make up that 500 and it will appear that we have fewer people here now than we had a year ago. Of course that" will not be a fact; there are probably several thousand people more here than were in Phoeoix last spring. But what can we say to the fact that it will be shown that we have not as many of the right kind of people as we, had then? We can say nothing. There is no excuse we can offer for the man or woman who does not care enough for Phoenix to qualify to vote for it. AT ROOSEVELT DAM By W. R. Coates How like Lucerne and fair serene Geneva ' The lake reflects the moonlight and the stars. Locked in its mountain, fastnesses of beauty Where fowler's shot, nor huntsman's bugle mars, But in its placid depths and crystal mirror ' x We see much more reflected than in these A dream come true supremely useful beauty, That makes the desert fruitful as it please. We see in it no mirage that is fleeting But wealth and cheer where once was desert wild, Wide realms, far flung, in rich intrinsic beauty. Where erst, alone, the desert wild flower smiled. How stale beside seem Nature's listless waters. For man for man here Vrought with magic stride, And engineers, with genius, well directed, Have blessed the lands the heavens had denied. We feel a pride come o'er us, as we ponder Beside the waters rippling in the breeze, "The mountains look on Marathon" in wonder And well they may on waters such as these. And those who wrought this spell, as In the valley Of Marathon, are victors as were they Who fought the tyrant hordes, for human vantage. And gained a deathless fame in that far day. If the U. S. Steel Corporation had doubled the wages of every employe in 1918 it still would have had a surplus of $9(5,517.000. ,' THE BOYS IN THE OTHER CAR BY GROVE In the spring the young man's fancy does not turn lightly to thoughts of daylight saving but his employer's docs!' , ... ,. .. ; : -..:.y A HOT BOX1. G-E-T o-o-t ' THIS. THING CATSV SO CTMAT tAT TLL BET AT that rr a THAN yoo GOT UF UNDER THE 130iLEr? GIT IT GAWLrlD Ur WITH THE 1 GUESS X BOILE.O rr a "E-rr TOO LONG AND KtNDA TOOK "THc3 KICK OUT Y SAWAfN ! CRAWL. BACK irs THerefc you EGGS -THIS I -.BAU DE LILAC" TO SOhOE OtTH" ARE SroOKirs I'LL iV Heard tell oe A CHAire GETTIN' ALL HET UP VE3 -YES- HE BOUGHT A "PIANO AND A COW -'AND AT SCHOOL 1 M. TOWN 4 A i HOT BOX FORTY YEARS AGO TODAY From The Phoenix Herald, which was absorbed by The Arizona Re publican in 1899, and for a time was published as an evening edition Wednesday. March 24, 1880 Erie, Penn., March 23. A stonecut ter of this city named Dan Conray has become insane from attempting to solve the "15" puzzle After working at it for several days and nights in succession he developed unmistakable signs of mental derangement. Four pclicemen were required to take him to jail. He scratched a diagram of the puzzle on the wall of his cell at which Tie worked in his calmer moments. The 15-13-14 puzzle which arrested the at tention, of th-j country some years ago, immediately preceding "Pigs in Clover," consisted of a box marked off into sixteen numbered squares. Each square was occupied by a block bear ing the same number but the squares marked 13, 14 and 15 were occupied by transposed blocks. There was a lee way of one vacant square. The object of the puzzle was to shifi "the blocks around so that the 13, 14 and 15 might bo put. into their respective places. It was not an impossible puzzle but many American citizens after struggling with in intermittently for months be lieved it was. Grant Is Safe San Francisco, March 24 A special dispatch from Washington to the Western Associated Press just re ceived from Galveston says that the City of Mexico has been sighted and will arive in port in a few hours Galveston, March 24. The City of Mexico has arrived with General Grant on board. San Francisco. March 23. A dis patch from Mesilla, ?. M-, reports the killing of Fred Nichols a mail driver near Aleman station by Indians who robbed the mail sacks, scattering the contents along the road. Alma, Colo.. March 23. W. J. Porter a desperado deliberately murdered Thomas Carmody yesterday. In les3 than an hour Porter was hanged by the Vigilantes. (March 24, 1880 was not a good day for local news in Phoenix or else the news gathering force of the Herald was off its feed ) Members of Arizona lodge, F. & A. M. will meet at the lodge room tomor row morning at 10 a. m. in loge of sorrow. Soiourning brethren are frat ernally invited tp attend. J. T. Alsap, W. M. UNCLE SAM HAS MOVIE SCHOOL FOR FARMERS HIGHSCHOOL NOTES -Big Assembly Boosts ' Menestrel Johnnie Newberry . and "Alabama" Hill were nothing less than' a-scream in the assembly yesterday. They were made up as real old time coons, and they certainly put their little act over in great shape. Their v performance, added to the rest of th& stunts, should boost the comedy sky high. Loyd Eisele and the Norton Brothers, who will appear in the Menestrel, gave a little exhibition of some real saxaphone music. Allen Campbell tickled the ivoriet and at the same tirne told little stories of the different teachers. Along that line, there were also the "Piano Fiends" who pulled the clever stunt of playing the same piece at the same time on three different music boxes. If the public could have seen one little part of the program a place ten times larger than the high school auditorium would not hold the audience which would at tend the biT show next Friday and Saturday. Next Game With the Wildcats If the weather permits, the Coyot. baseball team will get a chance to come back against the V. of A. Wild cats. That does not mean tt.e He serves, either. It means the fir.t team. This will be the l'ir.t chance for this high school to be pitted arpinst the University in any kind of athj nics for years. The Coyotes always show up well against teams who ore their superiors, such as the Miami "Y" team, the U. of A. Reserve, and other, so do not be surprised to see the college boys humbled when they show up on the Coyote field next Thursday afternoon. Increasing the Cotton Yield (By James U Shelly of the P. H. S. Agricultural Department.) In prehistoric times the ancients, knowing nothing of crop rotation but realizing that land produced less after a few years of steady yield, were continuously moving to new fields. We of modern times are benefitted by centuries of endeavor, spent in learn ing the crops which deteriorate and those which up-build the soil. The requirements of cotton are such that to produce it more than two suc cessive years is to invite ruin. Land at $500 an acre should receive no such invitation, neither can It be left idle for several years as was the cus tom of our early ancestors. We of the present time profit by the exper ience of others and. by rotation re plenish mother earth for her many gifts to us. Alfalfa, recommended as a restorer of the nutrients of the soil also as a food for stock and idealy suited to climatic conditions of the Salt River valley, we will use in our rotation. To be of value alfalfa should be grown four years and as cotton may be produced two years without harm, the fields are divided so: 1920-21 field No. 1 cotton, No. 2 has been in alfalfa two years and No. 3 is seeded to al falfa: 1922-23 field No. 1 sown to alfalfa. No. 2 cotton and No. 3 was sown to alfalfa two years previously, etc This rotation besides increasing the soil's fertility Rives maximum yields for minimum labor. Six of the centers in the state which have been served with lecture courses by the University Extension division have already written and requested a continuance of this service next year. Winding up the reels in the .government's movie storehouse at Washington WASHINGTON, T. C Uncle Sam has embarked in the motion picture business and bids fair to rival the lead ing commercial producers as the gov ernment "movies" are exhibited all over the country by the federal and state extension workers chiefly the agri cultural county agents. No admission is charged to see the filmed stories which deal with every angle of farm ing. . At present the U. S. Department of Agriculture, through its motion pic ture laboratory at Washington D. C, offers films on 69 different subjects, ag gregating 410 reels, which range from one reel. 500-foot films of such mat ters as "How to Select a Laying Hen" and "Construction of a Concrete Silo" to the mammoth "Story of Cotton." which consists of eight reels and deals with all the activities connected with the growing, harvesting, milling and marketing of this king of southern crops. More than 1,000,000 farmers and their families " enjoy Uncle Sam's free "movies" each year. The 3000 odd county agents show the pictures at lo cal meetings In their respective locali ties, either renting or borrowing the projection machines of their local mo tion picture houses for this purpose. OPPOSES THIRD PARTY BAY CITY, Mich., March 22. Sen ator ifiram W. Johnson of California, on a campaign tour of Michigan, said tonight he would have nothing to do with a "third party" in referring to the possibility of such a move by "repub lican liberals" as outlined in the Ben 'ate today by Senator France of Mary land. "I have had my. experience with a third party once," he said, "and that is enough." . . ; ' -o CAN EXCHANGE LIBERTY BONDS WASHINGTON, March 22. The treasury has completed arrangements for the temporary exchange of Lib erty bonds for bonda of permanent form with interest coupons to matur ity attached. Secretary Houston an nounced today. Exchange of temporary third loan bonds began March 15, all banks be imr nntVinrirfirl t a . make the transfer. Within the next month, officials ex pect to exchange permanent bMfts of . other Liberty loans except those which still have an interest coupon. They need not be exchanged until after those coupons mature, the latest date being October 15.., " FLOCK TO FUR AUCTION MONTREAL, March 22. Buyers from all parts of North America and Europe assembled here today at. .Can ada's first big fur auction- since the days of the Old Hudson'Ba? company. Skins valued at more than $5,000,000 were offered and the morning sales amounted to 5r90,473. . ' o MIXING MATRIMONY AND MOONSHINE POOR IDEA AKRON Don't mix matrimony and moonshine. Steve Pelrinski enjoyed an excellent trade in illicit hootch. His wife, .said he wasn't supporting he-.-Officers went to serve the warrant for wife neglect. They met Steve driving to town. He had moonshine in his wagon. He's gotta talk twice in court nOW., .....,.: '-'..,.-. :".'.J.7.-J V Platform Contest Closes In 8 Days The Statewide platform contest closes in just eight days. Contestants are urged to send in their manu scripts to The Arizona Statewide Platform Contest, care The Arizona Republican. Here are the items contestants should remember In sending in their manuscripts. 1. Four typewritten copies of manuscripts, one copy signed by the contestant. 2. Manuscripts must be accompanied by a signed statement to the effect that the con- testant is not over 25 years old. . 3. Manuscripts must reach The Republican of fice on or before March 31. Don't put off the work of finishing the platform you started, and don't put of f until tomorrow. Even if you do not win one of the prizes you will have performed a task which will improve the quality of your citizenship and which will be reflected in your interest in public affairs. , If you have not started to write the platform, begin today. Some unforeseen circumstance may turn up which would prevent your entry in this contest if you postpone the start. . . The prizes are $500 for the first, $300 for the second, and $200 for the third. EVERETT TRUE By Condo At- i fc,ti "tou cro vris r aM thc .... . DINING ROOM VOU lT HC-RCSLrz:l rTOOTHPlCK. N SUCK. MV. THfcOUG-H OUR TCST H WITH A SH-ARr fi WHAT 5h op it T r tHY, THAT'S ALL L . -:.