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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, May 14, 1920, Image 1

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REPUBLIC AH
JL JO
A
liDEPEWDENT PROGRESSSVE JOURNAL
THIRTY-FIRST YEAR
20 PAGES
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, MAY 14, 1920
20 PAGES
VOL. XXXL, NO. 17
GHASTLY FAILURE
OF SOVIET RULE
TOLD II REPOR
T
High Red Cross Officer
Finds Bolshevism a Social
Adventure Become a Hor
rible Failure Govern
ment Hopeless All Now
Poor
Repubrican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, May X3 The Rus
sian bolshevik government is a "social
adventure become a ghastly failure."
according to Col. Edward R, Ryan,
Red Cross commissioner ' for North
Russia and tne Baltic states.
Colonel Ryan Is just back from a'
'surreptitious visit into Russia with the
Esthonian peace delegation and in a.
report received by the state depart
ment, he declared Russa cannot hold
out six months without aid from
abroad.
Ryan left Reval on March 23, travel
ing as private citizen with the Estho-:
nian mission. He spent the following
Oay in Petrograd, arriving in Moscow
March 26, returning to Reval. April 2.
His report was communicated to Rob
ert E. Olds, Red Cross commissioner
for Europe, and forwarded here.
Colonel Ryan visited hospital schools,
. churches and theaters and observed in
timately a community life which he
described as so hopeless as to have
reduced even himself in the 10 days
spent amidst it, to despair."
Soviet Government Hopeless
The government was "clearly hope
less," Colonel Ryan said, and all gov
ernment officials admitted the trans
portation problem would eventually re
sult in the overthrow of the present
regime unless help came from the out
side. Lacking outside aid, a revolution Is
expected within six months, when
'trouble of the worst kind must be
faced," the report said, continuing:
"The general belief is that it will
start with a gigantic pogrom and the
best that is hoped for is that from the
welter -and middle cla-ss inteligencla
may emerge" At no time, he said, was
he permitted to make any dependent
investigation. Except when he was
asleep, he was not alone for a moment.
He saw, according to an explanation
of Colonel Olds, what "his guides saw
fit to show him," and was unable to
Jake notes.
Moscow and Petrograd Filthy
Roth Moscow and Petrograd were
"indescribably filthy In appearance,"
Colonel Ryan said. The streets, he
was informed, had no. Oeen cleared for
four years and were at least ankle
deep in most places knee deep. In dirt.
Only part of Moscow is supplied with
water, few electric lights were visible
and there was no coal and little wood,
with the result that "everybody was
cold." he said.
"Meat on sale was mostly horse
meat," and the whole population
seemed engaged in the effort to obtain
food enough to sustain life.
A dailv bread ration of one pound
is prescribed, but In reality had been
reduced to one-quarter of a pound.
In a conversation with Rvmoskow,
minister of public health. Colonel Ryan
inquired w-hether there had been any
, attempt to classify a-nd register the
' poor.
"There are no poor," Symoskow re
plied. "In Russia all are equal 'and In
the same c'ass.
"A Disgrace to Be Clean
Inhabitants of Moscow are so poorly
clad that "one gets the imnression that
it i3 regarded as a disgrc- to be clean
or neatly attired." the report said,
Of the hospitals visited, 75 per cent
,.jf the personnel of one was said to
have died In the preceding three
months. Medical supplies were totally
lacking, including rubber goods and
teart stimulants, and surgical instru
ments and anaesthetics were absent.
Schools apparently were in operation
and it was stated that "in general, the
children are being cared for next after
the red army." Churches also were
open and appeared "to be doing a good
business." Picture galleries were open
and kept up as they were before the
war.
At the theaters, which have been
taken over by the state and opened to
the public without fee, Colonel Ryan
stated he attended presentations of
"The Bride of the Emperor," Chalopin
in "The Barber Shop of Seville," and a
ballet, "The Sleeping Princess."
"Women," he said, "presented a dole
ful appearance everywhere." Colonel
Ryan declared he saw no attractive
looking women during the entire course
of his stay."
o
Police Barracks In
Ireland Destroyed
In Mysterious Raids
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
DUBLIN, May 13. Fifty police bar
racks were destroyed in the raids
Wednesday night, according to an of
ficial statement issued from Dublin
rastle this evening. Twenty income tax
offices were raided and the documents
turned, and seven court houses were
ilso raided. Most of the barracks had
oeen abandoned and no loss of life re
sulted. Several attacks occurred in the coun
ties of Antrim, Cork, Leitrim and Wex
tord, where one or two barracks were
burned, including attacks at Cavan.
Londonderry, Galway, Limerick, Meath.
Donegal, Tyrone. The procedure in all
ases was alike. Where caretakers
were in charge they wore first re
lieved: then inflammable mixtures of
explosives were applied to the huts and
the buildings were partially or wholly
dstroyed.
In the revenue offices, if there were
any occupants they were ordered out
or bound with ropes, and then the doc
uments were abstracted and destroyed.
Among the court houses attacked
were those at Cashel and Ballinamore.
These were completely destroyed with
all documents. Armed guards were
posted while the raids were proceeding,
but all private property was respected.
o
PCSSE SURROUNDS FUGITIVE
C.KKENV1LLK, 111.. May 13. Ifarvey
O Peasley, a farmer charged with
!' murder of his wife and their two
-n:aU suns at Webster Pity. Iowa. Sun
day, is reported surrounded by two
i.o.-s-'s it! the woods near here tonight.
A leH-phon. mcssis" received by
Co'ustabie Harper hue tonU'ht said the
. .0 .tjioti are waiting for daybreak to
,' lose on Peas'py.
PRESIDENT TALKS OF
TEHEHET TO MDE
EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS
Congress Quickly Challeng
es Wilson Statement That
It Shows Tendency to Un
duly Interfere
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, May 13. President
Wilson pointedly informed congress to
day that in his opinion the legislative
branch of the government was showing I
an Increasing tenedncy to Interfere un
duly with the exercise of excutive
functions.
Taking as a vehicle for his admoni
tion a sharply phrased veto of the an
nual legislative, executive and judicial
appropriation bill, the president de
clared that one of the riders of the big
supplv measure would muzzle executive
officials with a "censorship" regulated
by the congressional joint committee on
printing.
Immediately the president's position
both on the general principle involved
and the specific case cited was chal
lenged by Republican leaders of the
senate and house. Senator Smoot, Re
publican, Utah, chairman of the joint
committee, declared in a formal state
ment that the president apparently had
been "deliberately misinformed" about
the appropriation bill, and Represen
tative Good, Republican, Iowa, chair
man of the house appropriations com
mittee, told the house that "there must
be some mistake somewhere.
Whether re-passage of the bill un
changed will be attempted or whether
the feature objected to by the president
will be eliminated had not been decided
tonight. The measure carries $104,
000,000 for salaries and miscellaneous
expenses of many government depart
ments, and it must be approved in some
form before the end of June or these
funds will lapse.
The president also cited several other
measures enacted or proposed in the
present congress to support his charge
that there had been "an invasion of
the province of the executive, calcu
lated to result in unwarranted inter
ference in the process of good govern
ment." He said that some of these
measures he had permitted to become
law as temporary expedients but that
he felt that the time had come to call
a halt before "destructive precedents
had been established."
The section of the appropriation bill
which led to the veto would prohibit
the printing or mimeographing of any
government publication! except by au
thority of the joint committee, Such a
provision, said the president, would
stive to the committee "power, to de
termine what Information shall be
given to the public by the executive de
partment."
A row between the joint committee
and Roger W. Babson, formerly con
nected with the committee on public in
formation, was blamed for the presi
dents action by Senator Smoot, who
said in his statement that Babson ap
parently had "made use of the presi
dent or his advisers in carrying out his
threat and determination to end the
censorship which, without the least
foundation, he has charged against the
joint committee."
o
Suspect Admits The
Killing of Retired
Banker of Nebraska
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
LOS ANGELES, May 13. George
Goldbach, 28 years old, said to have
been at one time an inmate of a hos
pital for the insane, confessed today,
the police announced tonight, that he
had killed II. J. Robbins, retired banker
of Shelton, Neb., here the night of May
3 because Robbins ''tried to crowd him
off the sidewalk."
Goldbach was taken into custody two
days .ago, the police said, when they
found him with a ham sandwich in one
hand and a long knife in the other
wandering around in the vicinity of
the Robbins residence and asserting
he "was looking for some one."
They held him for observation until
today when, they stated, he confessed
Goldbach, according to the police, told
of meeting Robbins, who was 68 years
old, early the night of May 3.
"He seemed to want to crowd me off
the sidewalk," Goldbach was quoted
"That made me mad. I hit him three
times. When he fell, I took a rope from
around my waist and started to tie his
hands with It. The rope slipped and
went around his neck. Then I drew
it tight and choked him to death. I did
not intend to kill him.when I started."
o
Post Asks Committee
To Investigate Files
Of Attorney General
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, May 13. Counse
for Assistant Secretary of Labor Post
today asked that Attorney General
Palmer be called upon by the house
rules committee on his appearance May
24 to produce files of the department
of Justice which they said would dis
close orders to department agents cor
roborating Mr. Post's charges of un
lawful practices and "police inquisi
tion" methods in the roundup of ac
cused radicals in the last six months
The orders were said by counsel to
have related to raids made in variou
cities in January and to have informed
department of justice agents that "ar
rangements would be made to have
meetings" of the communist and com
munist labor parties in order to facili
tate arrests.
Specific reference was made in the
counsel's letter addressed to Chairman
Campbell of the committee to an al
leged communication, signed by Frank
F'urke, as assistant director, and chief
of the bureau of investigation, Kent to
a Boston operative, directing forcible
searches of persons, and ordering ac
cess to meeting places to be gained
without search warrants.
-o-
BEAUT! FU I. RUSSIAN
FOUND DROWNED
GENEVA. May 13. The body of a
beautiful young Russian woman has
t.fen found in Iike Geneva, off Ouchey.
She was clad in expensive clothing and
wore furs, a pearl necklace and a gold
watch. On the reverse side of one of
the many bank notes found upon her
was written: "Goodbye. Am another
i victim of the holshevists." !i. was
i signed "Countess W."
1 Efforts are being made !' t li - r.oii. e
to establish the identity of this, the
I sixth Russian noble woman to commit
; suicide, by drowning In Lake Geneva.
ARCH-BIGAMIST IS
CLOSELY GUARDED
FOLLOWING THREAT
LOS ANGELES, May 13 Sheriff
Cline announced tonight that be
cause of numerous threats made
against the life of James T. Watson,
who recently pleaded guilty to the
murder of Nina Lee Deloney, and is
alleged to have confessed the mur
ders of eight other women he had
wed, the prisoner will be taken sec
retly to San Quentin prison to serve
the life sentence imposed on him
here.
DANIELS VBR1DS US
FORGERY SIGNATURE
TO CABLE MESSAGE
Republic!) A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, May 13 Secretary
Daniels told the senate naval investi
gating committee today that he had
not signed a cablegram bearing what
purported to be his signature, which
was among those read to the com
mittee by Rear Admiral Sims when the
investigation began. The original oi
the message. Mr. Daniels said, did not
show his signature and he added that
his name had been forged to the copy
presented by Admiral aims.
Mr. Daniels declared Admiral Sims
in his statement had stressed the
words "signed, Daniels" in commenting
on the message, and had said that its
purport had made him feel like "jump
ing overboard."
The cablegram concluded with the
sentence:
"In regard to convoys, I consider that
American vessels having armed guards
are safer when sailing independently."
The original of the cable was found
at the British embassy, through which
it was transmitted, and was signed
"A. F. Carter, by direction of the chief
of naval operations," Mr. Daniels told
the committee, presenting copies of
the original dispatch. He added that
he had never held the opinion set forth
and knew as soon as Admiral Sims
read the message to the committee that
he had not signed it.
"Somewhere somebody was guilty of
signing my name to an official dis
patch which the original produced
shows I never signed," said Mr.
Daniels, "or of altering a dispatch by
erasing the real signature and substi
tuting 'Daniels I knew that if my
name appeared on such a telegram it
would be because somebody had forged
my name to it.
Admiral Sims owed both the
country and himself an apology for
the impression conveyed by testimony
based upon the false signature, Mr.
Daniel3 said, and should produce the
person who altered the sighautre.
Secretary Daniels was told today
of persistent rumors in Washington
that disciplinary measures had been
ordered against Admiral Sims, effec
tive as soon as the senate Inveseiga
tion ended.
He denied, that, he had issued any
such orders and said:
Just now x am presenting a case
before a senate committee. I have
had no time to consider such a thing
and have no further comment to offer
restrains it. i win not even form a
conclusion until all the evidence is in.
DEBS ffilD fS
SOCIALIST IMIIE
TO HIGHEST OFFICE
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
NEW YORK, May 13. The national
convention of the Socialist party today
acclaimed Eugene Victor Debs, fed
eral convict No. 2253 in the Atlanta,
Ga. penitenitary, its candidate or tne
fifth time for president of the irnitea
States. A 21-minute ovation followed
Debs' formal nomination as "the Lin
coln of the Wabash."
Seymour Stedroan of Chicago, gen
eral counsel for the party, was nomi
nated for vice-president on a pecona
ballot. The first vote for him was 10
against 2G for Mrs. Kate Richards
O'Hare of Kansas City, now serving a
sentence in a Jefferson Citv. Mo.,
prison, for violaiton of the espionage
act.
In nominating Deb?, the Socialist
party of America signifies its determ
ination "not to recede one inc h from our
revolutionary program." Morris Hill
quit of New iork, leader of the "con
servative" forces, declared.
"Socialism in the United States has
not cnange.i and does not intend
change." lie said.
to
Another ovation greeted this declara
tion. Tonight a special committee of five,
headed by nniqnjt. will leave for
Washington, where tomorrow it has an
appointment with Attorney General
1 lo Piead amnesty for all
X PriSnP1-S " throughout
po
the or-U!'r,ay the samo committee has an
artr te,h TumuHy
, Vh!to H""se to present a me
morial on amnesty for delivery to Ppm-
tl Lk" S" rfceive thc committee
,,rt,it OI aninestv for
scient.ous objectors" imprisoned
con-dur-
"J Wf!r tor failure
draft laws.
to obey the
TV,J
tt-ti convention adopted the
"evil-1! ,atform virtually as submitted
seveiat days ago, voting bv decisive
maiViriMfio . ,
. uu wue me socialist ram.
pajgn this year alor
political lines.
"conservative"
Crisis Now Arising
In Central America
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON. May 13. Indica
tions that a diplomatic crisis i.s devel
oping in Central America were given
today in official mid unofficial reports
from various capital.-- there.
The state department has been of
ficially advised of a protest by the
Honduran government, of a mass of
malcontents presumably for an attack
on Honduras. Official reports told of a
resolution in Salvador, but it was be
lies ed in official circles here that this
report was based "n the protest by
Honduras.
President Gutierrez of Honduras is
! s-aid to have v idence that tho sup
porters ot rx-l'rrsident Hertram. who
'was livnMirnw i! by the revolution led
; by Gutierrez, have beet) conspiring
bring about the o erthrow of the pre.-s
lent government.
SE1TE DOTE ON
EACE MEASURE
COMES SATURDAY
Passage of Peace Resolution
and Its Veto by President
Regarded as Equally Cer-
r i i a i
On Plan
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, May 13. The sen
ate agreed today to vote at 4 o'clock
next Saturday on the Republican peace
tesolution.
The arrangement followed an im
portant revision of the measure by the
Republican leaders In striking out the
clause requesting the president to ne
gotiate a separate peace treaty with
Germany in order to "establish friendly
relations and commercial intercourse."
Adoption of the resolution is conceded
by Democratic opponents, with a veto
by President Wilson, regarded as
equally certain.
It proposes to repeal war declarations
with both Germany and Austria, while
the house measure dealt with Germany
alone and differed radically also in
other respects.
General indisposition of senators to
discuss the resolution led to today's
agreement for final action Saturday,
in which party leaders concurred
Few more speeches are planned and
the resolution was laid aside today
after addresses in its support by Sen
ators Kellogg of Minnesota and Lenroot
of Wisconsin. Republican members of
the mild reservation groups in the
treaty fight.
Both senators criticized President
Wilson, charging him with delaying
peace by his position on the treaty and
predicting Republican success in the
November campaign if the treaty issue
were carried into the campaign as he
had urged.
During the debate another Democrat,
Senator King of Utah, came out in op
position to the president's position on
the treaty issue. Mr. King, who voted
for some of the Lodge reservations, ex -pressetl
belief that the San Francisco
platform would not follow the presi
dent's wishes.
Senator Pomerene, Democrat, Ohio,
Is the only speaker scheduled tomorrow
and the debate will be closed by the
party leaders for the Republicans and
Senator Underwood for the Democrats
in opposition.
iOlEllOlLElSUE
WITH RESERVAT10WS
(Republican A. P. Leased Wire
NEW YORK, May 13. Herbert
Hoover, replying by teleraxb. fbday to
the request of the Hoover Republican
club of Portland. Ore., for his "views
on various matters arising in the Ore
gon primaries," declared the Repub
lican party "must support the league
with reservations. It must not fall
Into the trap that the president ana
Senator Johnson are enticing it into."
"The president has declared," Mr.
Hoover said, "that the Democratic
party must demand the acceptance of
the league in full as presented by him
to the senate. Senator Johnson de
mands that the Republican party op
pose the league altogether. Two more
destructive attitudes toward a great
issue could not be found.
"An emergency is created by this
allegiance of destruction. The aspira
tions of the great majority of our peo
ple will be thwarted by either of these
extremes. This majority Is fixed In
its determination that the United
States, loth for our own protection
and in the interest of the welfare of
the world, shall join the league by rati
fying the treaty, which provides for
substitution of methods of peace for
methods of war, but that we shall do
so only under assurance of no in
fringement t'f our constitution and our
traditions."
o
WOOD GETS 'BIG FOUR'
iii DELEGATES
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
INDIANAPOLIS. May 13. Indiana
republica-ns In state convention today
by a margin of seven votes, instructed
the four delegates at large to the na
tional convention to support Major
General Leonard Wood for the presi
dential nom.nation. The vote was 1ZZ
to lin. The convention adjourned to
night. One of the ntost interesting and
closest contests of the convention wa
on the question of instructions for the
"big four.' the Wood forces winning-
after the Marion (Indianapolis) county
delegates had been polled twice.
Six district delegates to the national
convention in Chicago also have been
instructed for Wood, giving the gen
eral ten supporters in all from Indiana-.
Senator Hiram W. Johnson of Cali
fornia, who ran second to Wood in the
state primary election last week, will
have four instructed district delegato-
i Sixteen other delegates irom Indiana-
will go to the convention without in
structions. . O '
Butte Mining Company
Officials Prepare To
Oppose I.W.W. Activity
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
Tll'TTE. Mon'., May 13 Officials of
minim- companies in this district which
had posted notices announcing they
would employ no members of the In
dustrial Workers of the World, con
ferred here today on what they said
were plans to rid the district of radi
cal organizations which they blamed
for numerous strikes in the district
during the past six years.
Concerning the notices, which ap
peared during a strike for increased
wages and a six-hour day called April
IS by Metal Mine Workers' Unicn No.
son, I. W. W.. John Gillie, manager of
the Anaconda Mining company, said:
"We have taken this action to pro-t-iM
our own interests and because
we believe it to I e our patriotic duty.
We will not quit until every I. W. W.
and all other radicals peeking to per
retuate troubl" in this district, and ad
vocating the overthrow of the govern
ment has been driven uot."
PAPER CHANGES TO
AFTERNOON FIELD
TO GET OPERATOR
RED BLUFF, Cab. May 13 In
ability to obtain a linotype operator
who w-ould work nights has caused
the Red Bluff Sentinel- to change
from a morning to an afternoon
newspaper. In announcing the
change today the management said
"If a man could ??ot be brought to
the job. the job should be taken to
the man." An operator was ob
tained under the new arrangement.
COBESS ASKED TO
IELP H0ADS REMOVE
FBHTCDHSTI
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, May 13. Congress
was asked today to help the railroads
overcome the freight congestion so as
to keep production needed to put
down the cost of living going full tilt.
As a means of enabling the roads to
provide equipment, shortage of whic
is said to be largely responsible tor
failure to move mountains of freight
piled high at the principal gateways
in the east and middle west, the sen
ate interstate commerce committee ap
proved an amendment to the trans
portation act under which the railroads
would be given 15 years instead of five
to pay back advances under the J300,
000.000 revolving fund.
Railroad officials said this would
help, but they pointed out that the
immediate trouble called for heroic
measures to relieve congestion and that
the carriers, for instance, required
226.000 cars to reach normal.
While most of the roads were
swamped with freight at junction
points and big gateways, American
Railway association otnclals said a
perceptible improvement was shown by
reports received from all sections.
Complaints still come from shippers,
however, and the car service committee
of the association, which directs the
car movement, endeavored to allocate
equipment to sections and industries In
greatest need.
There was no embargo on the move
ment of coal, livestock and perish
ables and these commodities had a
preferential rating and right of way
next to passenger train service, which
thus far has not been affected. Gov
ernment agencies in touch with the
transportation system put forth every
effort to help relieve the situation, ad
mittedly bad, but not quite so bad as
a week or ten days ago.
WOMEN IN JEWISH ASSEMBLY
NEW YORK. May 13. Two women
won seats In the Jewish constituent
assembly of Palestine in the election,
held a few days ago, the Zionist or
ganization of America announced to
night. It was the first popular elec
tion ever held in the Holy land, it is
paid. Seventy-five per cent of the
Jewish population Is said to have voted.
TRADE POSSIBILITIES
i PACIFIC REGIONS
TOLO AT CONVENTION
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
SAN FRANCISCO. May 13. Trans
Pacific trade possibilities and obsta
cles' to their realization, placed by
what fspeakera termed governmental
inefficiency and lack of co-ordination,
were discussed today at the seventh
annual national foreign trade conven
tion here.
Trade leaders from the Far East
told how approximately one billion
people, a. vast majority of them more
friendly to the United States than the
Americans can imagine, are waiting on
the Pacific shores for long needed de
velopment of cable or wireless com
munication and ships. Representatives
from China, Japan, the Philippines,
French Indo-Chlna and the Dutch
East Indies described the wealth of
resources of these countries awaiting
development of commerce that will
swing the world center of trade to the
Pacific.
American experts discifsscd neces
sary governmental slops to pave the
way for world trade by Americans.
President Henry Suzzallo of the Uni
versity of Washington declared that
reorganization of governmental agen
cies and legislation to remove barriers
the United States has set against
American foreign traders Is the first
essential. Primarily, he said, greater
freedom must be permitted for the
combinations of industrial and finan
cial interests in a corporate way for
foreign trade: foreign concerns must
be relieved of the payment of excess
profit taxes when they pay taxes to
the country in which they are operat
ing, and an efficient system guaran
teeing1 adequate mail, cable and wire
less communication by the govern
ment must be inaugurated.
Politics must be taken out of the
diplomatic and consular service, de
clared Phillip II. Kennedy, director of
the United States bureau of foreign
and domestic service.
Kansas Minister Tells
How He Failed To Get
Howat To Love Allen
TOPEKA. Kas., May 13 Dr. Charles
M. Sheldon, widely known pastor and
author, in an address before the
Kansas Congregational conference hero
today told how he had failed to induce
Alexander llowat. president of the
Kansas miners to love Governor Allen.
"1 asked him what he thought would
be the first thing Jesus would do if
he were here today," said Dr. Sheldon,
lie replied:
" "Well, I expect he first would clean
up Governor Aden and the state house.'
"I asked him if he believed in
Christs'a teachings all of them. He
assured me he did. Then I said if that
is the case you thou'd love Governor
Allen."
llowat leaned up against the door
and thought for a moment, then said
like a flash: 'Well you go back to
Topeka and tell Governor Allen to
lovo me.' "
B'NAI B'RITH CONVENTION '
CLEVELAND. May 13. The Inde
pendent Order of li'Nal H'Rith con
vention closed after abolishing secrecy
in the ritual and opposing the aduiis-
! siou of women as members. The reso-
lution to aboi!h secrecy was reconsid
j ered and adopted today afi-r its defeat
' yesterday.
CARRANZA TROOPS
ARE DRIVEN FROM
STRONG POSITION
President's Army Retreating Northward, According tr
Same Report Advices Tell of Heavy Attack on
Position Obregon Reports Carranza
Surrounded by Rebel
Detachments
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
VERA CRUZ, May 13 President Carranza's troops, which had been
standing at bay north of San Marcos, in the state of Puebla, have been driven
from their positions, according to advices received here tonight.. Part of tha
president's small army is advancing toward the north, in the direction of the
state of Hidalgo, apparently for the purpose of opening a path for the
remainder of the troops loyal to Carranza to make their escape.
WASHINGTON REPORTS
SHOW REVOLUTIONISTS
FIRMER POSITION
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, May 13. Reports
from American and Mexican sources
in Mexico appeared tonight to Indi
cate that the revolutionists were set
tling into firmer positions, notwith
standing the uncertainty that still sur
rounds trte fate of Carranza and re
ports of federal activity in a restricted
area in the north.
Announcement was made by the
revolutionary agents that General
Manuel Dieguez was a prisoner at
Guadalajara, capital of Jalisco, and
that Generals Hernandez, Mendez and
Garza, garrison commanders in that
state, had placed themselves and their
forces at the orders of the revolution
ary government.
The adhesion of the federal forces
in Jalisco and the arrest of General
Dieguez were reported by General Ob
regon to Adolfo de la Huerta. the pro
visional head of the revolution in So
nora, who communicated tfce informa
tion to the Mexican agents here. Obre
gon's report added that Dieguez was
being held subject to De la Huerta's
instructions. Greater significance was
attached by revolutionary agents of
the capture of Dieguez and to the
breaking of the federal resistance in
Jalisco than to the entry of Manuel
Palaez and Arnulfo Oomez Into Tam
plco, reported in official dispatches.
The revolutionists have expressed
confidence that Palaez, de facto ruler
of the oil region, would co-operate
fully with the successors of the Car
ranza government. They reaffirmed
today that ho would not take advan
tage of his position in Tampico to op
pose the work . of consolidation, but
the operations of Dieguez and the fail
ure of other federal officers in the
state of Jalisco to join in the move
ment have caused rebel leaders some
anxiety.
With Jalisco in line, t'ney said, there
remained no break in the revolution
ized line along the west coast that con
trols access to the important port at
Manzanillo.
American officials as Well as the
revolutionary representatives were
carefully watching the federal strength
northeast of Monterey near the border.
Official and unofficial information
that the governors of San Luis Potosi.
Nuevo Leon. Tamaulipas and Coahuila
who fled from their posts to the fron
tier have succeeded in mobilizing a
pmall force of federal troops near
Camargo, about 90 miles west of Mata
moros, opposite Urownsville, Texas,
where General Corlttnga, the federal
commander, has displayed reluctance
to surrendering the city.
American army officers saw in the
federal opposition no military advan
tage, but admitted that tintil the fed
eral frroup was accounted for there re
mained a possibility that any one of
its leaders miht liecome an outlaw
and play a part similar to that held
for years bv Francisco Villa.
Operations of any such rebel leader
might serve as a basis for further de
fections or even a. counter revolution,,
they said.
Inadequate cable and telegraphic
communications again served to hold
back news of the' result of the fiht
Carranza was reported making be
tween the capital and Vera Cruz. In
formation that the fight had begun
Tuesday was contained in a report
made by Obregonlo De la Huerta and
forwarded here. Obregon said Car
ranza's convoy, consisting of "rem
nants of the forces of General Mur
guia," had been attacked Tuesday near
Rineonado by Reyes Marquez. Press
dispatches dated Wednesday, May 12,
at Vera Cruz, reported that the fight
ing was still in progress. Obregon
ge nerally reported that General Iturbe,
who refused for t-o long to surrender
the port of Mazatlan, had sailed to
Manzanillo, where he. would place him
self under the orders of the rebel com
mander. Eight Persons Drown
In Cloudburst Flood
HEMINGKOUD, Neb., May 13.
Eight people were drowned in their
homes today at Ardmore, S. D., as a
result of a cloudburst, according to a
report that reached hero this evening.
No details have been received. A
cloudburst near here has taken otrt an
entire earth fill on the line of the Bur
lington railroad. It will require a
bridge of five .spans to connect the
track. Every bridge on the Niobrara
for ,r0 miles -'-ast and west Is out.
There are many bad washouts near
Uelntont in the Pine Ridge country of
South Dakota. The storm around
Hemingford was accompanied by wind
and hail, doing some damage to build
ings. ALLIANCE.' Neb.. May 13. Confir
mation was received late tonight of
the drowning of eitrht persons near
Ardmore, S. D. Five members of one
family were lost. The bodies of the
father, mother and one daughter have
been recovered. Two sons are miss
ing. When their home was surrounded
by water they attempted to escape to
lii'-her ground and were caught, hi the
rushing water. The house they aban
doned was scarcely moved from its
foundation. The other victims were
Charles Certz, John l.anjjley and Har
vey Dell, homesteaders living a few
miles front Ardmore. Their bodies
have not been found.
FAMOUS RAIDER SURRENDERED
I'lRTll U FORTH. Scotland. May
13. The German raider Moewe, which
sank so many allied ships during the
war, has; arrived here. It has been
surrendered to the naval authorities.
fael Cepeda, former governor of San
Luis Pntni hnva n ttri nzeA ie rpnf
guard of General Carranza's army,
capturing two trains.
At noon today rebel forces were en-
troops along a line approximately threfl
uiiica iu leuKi-n. inese reoei units nvja
been brought up to San Andres by
Gonzales. At San Andres these lead
ers, wnose troops numbered about 4,00i
were joined by more reinforcmnts un
der command of Gen. Liberato Lara,
and ail united in the movement against
the Carranza positions.
Colonel Roeha a. rehel lenrtof whW
made a bold attack upon the presiden
tial trains north of San Marcos, wa.1
captured in the resulting melee, and
has been executed, according to ad
vices to the newspaper El Dictamen ol
this city.
General Sanchez is reported to hav
called a council of war to decide imoi
further operations.
Carranza Surrounded '
EL PASO. Texas, May 13 Presl- "
dent Carranza of Mexico is iur- '
rounded and ia in desperate straits
at Rinconada, near Esperanza
station, in the state of Pueblo, ac-
cording , to a telegram from Gen. !
Alvaro Obregon, former candidate '
for president of Mexico, received
tonight by Roberto V. Pesqueira,
financial agent for the revolution
ists, with headquarters at El Paso,
Instructions have been given to
allow Carranza to leave the coun
try in -safety, General Obregon's
message said.
"Carranza has not been made
prisoner," the telegram, which was
dated today, read. "He has been
surrounded, for the last three days,
having fought at Rinconada, near
Esperanza station, and I think he
cannot stand much longer.
"Orders have been sent to the offi
cers directing the attack that they
notify Carranza that he can go out of
the danger zone in order thryt his Iif
may be spared, offering Mm a guard
to escort him to Vera Cruz that he mav
leave the country and be free to c'o
wherever he wishes.
"Colonel Orozco. noted for his crim
inal proceedings, has been captured at
sea by one nf our ns.val units, together
with Gen. Jose Murguia. '"
"As to the Bhooting of rrfsonrr.. in
which you refer. I can assure you th ,t
It Is only newspaper talk, as we do not
jet know the casualties on the enemy
(Sisrned) "A. OBREGON"
Make Charges Against President
Gen. Plutarco Elias Calles. comm i-).'-er
of the Mexican revolutionary forces
nnevn0rlhW'e&t' m arrlV,? !n Juarez,
opposite here, tomorrow morning, ac
cording to an a-nnoucnernent tonicht bv
ttiffS0 Jos; 1-opoz L1ra- ' ff
statf to Gen. lose Gonzalo Escobar
mimSddiIstrictUie Ch,hUh l '
clL Vir.?J,i'Ct'i 1,Pre that General
Cades would remain in Juarez a feu
days and then would proceed south
ward toward Mexico City. Manuel
I neto, former mayor of Juarez wi'l
accompany Geeral Calks to the border
it was said. '
Charges that President Carranza has
used the nation's resources to ' suborn
perjury and to buv v
are contained in a manifesto i.-sued
dM.t ,fV AIyaro Oregon, former can
didate for the presidency of Mexico, at
Chiipancingo. capital of Guerrero.
April Copies of the document
reached El Paso todav.
"The present chief "executive of tha
nation, lorgetting bis high office, con
verted himself into a demagogue- of
political faction and placed at its ser
vice all the resources that the nation
had confided into Jus care, the mani
festo says.
J "A Strike of Soldiers"
'He has endeavored to make th
national army an executioner and hi
jratn ered around the members of hi
army, who, conscious of th ir honor
as soiaicrs and their digrdtv as citi
zens have refused to . perform ta.sk
which might blemish their honor a-
their sword.
"The chief magistrate has stripped
himself, in his political passion, of th
respect that every functionary phoultt
hold for our laws, ordering a jserb-a of
abuses on the sympathizers of the in
dependent candidate and against tho
candidate himself. These acts hava
shown him to be a man of petty am
bition, and, entirely straying from th
path marked by duty and law, be ix
trying to impose upon the. country a.
successor, who will servo his in-u'iVo
ambitions and those of his friends wlio
have trafficked in the public interests
Luis Cabrera. Carranza's secret j,r
of the treasury, three days before leav
ing Mexico City, issued a statement
that the present uprising was r,u a
revolutionary movement, but a strike
of soldiers," according to Renigno Val
enzuela, publisher of El Monitor R.
publicano. an Obregon newspaper o
Mexico City, who arrived here tod.;v
Thn trip from the Mexican capita! tooi;
eight days, Senor Valenzuela rcporb-d.
Matamoros to Surrender
BROWNSVILLE. Tex.. M iv 1
Matamoros, the last remain-in Strong
hold of the Carranza government along
the Texas-Mexican border, will be sur"
rendered to the revolutionist forces
Friday morning at 9 o'clock. That was
formally announced tonight follov.iri -a
long series of conferences between
Gen. E. Reyes, revolutionary repre
sentative, and General Corluntia, Cat -ranxa
commander at Matamoros.
The agreement provides that Gen
eral Colunga and his staff will re;,) ,,
control of Matamoros and that aM lo
cal officers will he asked ;, r. : m a i
In office until further advicf.s are ie
ceived front revolutionary b ad'iu ir
ters. General Reyes acted as repre
sentative of Uovprnor !c i t lia- rt.t of
Sonora. leader of the revolutionists.
j tienerai uyes win ct-os.- Co irstor
! national ! -ridge tomorrow it-o.-isi'v.-I
and at 9 oYl-v;!;. Mevi.-.i time, he v V,;
declare the city ur.der rr-voiut iora r v

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