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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, May 14, 1920, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020558/1920-05-14/ed-1/seq-5/

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Experimental Matrimony
By Frederic J. Haskin
XKW YORK, May 13 The news that
Fannie Hurst, authoress of many
stories depicting the simple and whole
some joys of family life, i also the
authoress of an experiment in marriage
which puts family life in the discard,
has excited widespread interest; but
not nearly as much comment as such
an- experiment would have caused a
few years ago. For her's is not really
an Isolated case. Kvery once in a while
Mome new form of marriage, designed
by the parties thereto in accordance
with their own ideas, is recounted in
the newspapers, and there are many
such ventures which do not get into
print at all.
At the same time a wave of reform
in- marriage laws is sweeping across
the world. Kngland has passed a law
making divorce much easier, and one
is being- considered in Itenmark. Even
our own senate, which is about as well
protected from the winds of change as
any legislative body in the world, has
held hearings on a proposed measure to
make the divorce laws of the United
States uniform. The senate refuses to
make public its hearings, and there is
no indication that it will act upon the
information obtained, but the fact that
the senate thought about it at all is
highly significant.
Alarming Changes j
All of this is very disturbing to us;
of the older and more pious generation,
v ho have long regarded matrimony as i
a sacred institution if not an absolutely i
indissoluble union. Uut the facts, how
ever unpalatable., must be faced and
recounted. There is a world-wide re
volt against the beautiful and tiplifting
conception of marriage which has
served fu many generations so well.
The ctrength of this revolt is shown by
the fact that it can make itself felt in
such bodies as the British parliament
and the congress of the United States.
And yon have only to compare the
stage and the literature (those mirrors
of the social mind) of a generation ago
v ith those of today in order to realize
that the attitude of the public con
se""sness on the subject has changed.
T -ty or thirty years back marriage
V-'u always treated on the stage reve
rently and seriously. Xow any vaude
ville artist can get a laugh by some
sort of a wheeze directed against the
monotonies, absurdities or the restric
tions of married life. likewise before
1S&0 ner.rly all novels began with a love
affair and endedwith wedding bells,
the assumption being- that all the
troubles of the characters ended there
with. ' But nowadays a realistic novel
begin? with marriage and follows
through to divorce, or to somo other
sort of wreck for that institution. Even
the cartoons in newspapers of con
servative and estimable type make fun
of marriage and get by with it.
Meantime some persons like Miss
Hurst, who are not content to wait for
changes in law and custom, proceed to
cut the marriage garment to suit them
selves. There is what might be de
scribed as a colony of young married
women in New York who do not take
the names of their husbands, but keep
their own. One of them is said to be
engaged in writing a book to prove the
justice and expediency of this. Almost
invariably these women work, and in
mapy cases they !ixe wholly self-supporting.
They enjoy a good deal more
freedom, and a good deal more contact
with the world, than the married
woman of more conservative type who
is content to find her place in the
home. Their point-of-view was well
voiced by Miss Hurst when she said
that she did not propose to give up her
work, and sink into a state of "seden
tary fatheadedness."
A Challenge to Marriage"
This is in- effect a taunt and a
challenge to the married ladies. It
implies that they are sedentary fat
heads, and that there is something in
modern marriage which makes them
so. This taunt is really an old one.
The feminists have been making it for
years. J hey say tnat tne moaern mar
ried woman lias nothing to do, that she
is merely a kept woman, that she is apt
to degenerate mentally and physically.
The conservatives say that this is not
true. They say that any woman who
marries a man of moderate earning
capacity, runs her household and raises
four or five children in a creditable
manner is no fat-head. And this is
certainly true. Khe is often the brain
iest and most important member of the
family organization.
But there is undoubtedly a growing
tendency for the American woman not
to do her housekeeping or even her
child-raising herself. She lives in a
flat, hires a cook and a nursemaid, and
in the larger cities the schools take
almost complete charge of the children
after they are five years old. That
modern housekeeping and motherhood
are no longer the skilled and arduous
professions they once were is shown
by the fact that, a large and increasing
number of married women wfio have
children hold jobs at the same time.
You can find a few of these in almost
any business organization, and many ot
them in journalism and the arts. A
good many of these married working
women are not driven primarily by
necessity, but have revolted against the
tedium and idleness of married life and
have sought other employment, often
in the fact of objections on the part of
the husband,' who egotistically desires
to be the sole support of the family.
Only too often these women haj no
training for work.
It must be admitted, then, that while
marriage is an all-sufficient life occu
pation in somo cases, in others it is
not. Whether it is or not depends,
it would seem, partly on circumstances,
and partly on the woman's inclinations
and aptitudes. Some women like and
have talent for housekeeping and child
raising, and some have neither the lik
ing nor aptitude. It certainly seems
fair that these latter should be taught
other professions or trade, and should
have as good a chance as men have to
develop their minds and bodies by work
and experience. They are the ones
who are threatened with sedentary fat
hoadedness, especially ' if they marry
men who have enough money to hire
cooks and nursemaids. Thus argue
the feminists.
Train GirU to Work
The solution, they say, is to train
gills, the same as boys, for definite oc
cupations. If a woman desires to be a
housekeeper and a mother, they say.
let her prepure herself for that as a
profession and really devote her time
to it. And if she does not feel a desire
to make those things her main occu
pation, e en though they are to form
an incidental part of her life, let her be
prepared for some other occupation
tor business, journalism, art, medicine,
social service, or any of the other oc
cupations which offer constantly grow
ing opportunities to women.
This seems sound enough, but, as
sociologists are' pointing out, the thing
which is threatened is that ancient and
revered institution, the home. "Will a
generation of young women trained for
trades and professions, establish homes
at all? Will they not. like Fannie
Hurst, refuse to be so encumbered?
The social thinkers tell us that this
threat to the home Is much more ser
ious than we imagine. The economic
in dependence of women is at the base
of it; but the spread of birth control,
the eradication of venereal diseases,
and the tendency to recognize mother
hood out of wedlock, which received
such an impetus from the world war,
are all forces working against mar
riage and the home. They tend to re
move fears which drive many into
This alarming anti-home and anti
marriage movement is in its begin
nings, of course. But it grows steadily,
and It in hard to see what forces will
operate to stop it. It may be that
entirely new ethics of sex-relations will
have to grow up, and that the old
fashioned family is doomed to disap
pear as those larger forms of the same
organization, the feudal and patriarchal
establishments, have already disap
peared in most civilized countries. In
a word, the tendency of civilization
seems to be to make the individual,
rather than any organization, its chief
concern. The fully developed indi
vidual is its purpose and highest
Governor Thomas K. Campbell will
leave this afternoon for Superior,
where he will make an address tonight
before the William I. Keara post ot
the American Legion. The post will be
presented with a banner by Ernest
KcIIner and is planning a brilliant
meeting in compliment to its distin
guished guest.
The governor will take occasion on
this trin to inspect the prison camp for
convicts working on tho construction
of tho Superior-Miami highway being
built by the state. After attending the
formal opening of the Chautauqua in
Ilityden on Saturday he will return the
following day by the way of Florence,
where ho will also inspect tho road
On Monday Governor Campbell Is
sch"d!ik-d to make an address at the
eighth anniversary celebration wnleh
will be held at Chandler. He will dis
cuss neclamation in the West."
Experimenting in evaporated pota
toes, W. J. Donahue, purchasing agent
of the board of directors of state in
stitution.i, has ordered 200 pounds of
potatoes for tho state prison at Flor
ence and the Fort Grant industrial
Opposed to "eating money," Mr. Don
ahue will try to cut down living ex
penses by using the potato in the man
ner served the BOldlors overseas dur
ing the war. The price at which tho
200-pound lot was purchased was 23,,
cenis a pound, Mr. Donahue said. Five I By soaking overnight the evaporate
large hydrated potatoes aro said to J potato is said to expand, and in cook
equal in weight one ordinary potato. ins to regain its flavor.
. j--,
It will do your heart good
to see these Snappy
Young Men's Suits
Plenty of pep in the styles plenty of ginger in the
patterns medium or lightweights, skeleton or quarter-lined
single or double breasters, all around belts,
half belts, and a good many without belts.
Straw Hats
Silk Shirts
In all the most desirable shapes,
braids and trims pa nam as, ban
koks sennets, splits OA UP
nnd an on
Luxurious silks, very beautiful
patterns, wonderful colorings.
You must see these shirts to ap
preciate co UP
them VO
White Canvas Oxfords
A splendid shoe and a remark-
able value
New Leather Belts
Very fine qualities, in white, tan.
and black
educing Sale
For Men, Women and Children
Starts Friday, May lJth
and continues for one week
Our stock rooms are overcrowded with shoes, of the standard makes,
and prices ivill drop for one iveek to bring the stock down to normal.
Thousands of vairs of low shoes, including such well known makes
as "Walkover," " 'Queen Quality ," "Educator" and many other well known brands. The prices on
some of these shoes are lower than the shoes can be replaced in our. stock for but ice must reduce the
stock and will have to stand the loss. Hundreds of styles are not mentioned but you can obtain an
inkling of the greatness of the values by reading these items carefully. s
Mark the items you are interested in and bring this page with you for reference,)
W omen's Patent Leather Pumps
One eyelet 'ties and oxfords, turn and light weight soles, Louis
XV and Baby French heels. Regularly selling for $9 to $15 per
pair. Stock reducing price, ' CiT I EI to (PI O A IZ
per pair H 4 mO tyXA&O
Women's Black Kid Pumps
One eyelet ties and oxfords, Louis XV and Baby French heels.
Regularly selling for $8.50 to $15.50. Stock reducing price,
$6.9 5t0 $12.95
Black and brown, military heels, light welt soles. Regularly
selling for $9 to $15. Stock reducing Qft QC to (1 O A PT
price, per pair tDJVO PX.tU
Mezzanine Floor Items
Wome?i's Brown Kid Dress Pumps
One eyelet and oxfords, turn soles, Louis XV and Baby French
heels. Regularly selling for $10 to $17.50. Stock reducing
ei; $7.15 t0 $14.45
Children's and Misses9 Shoes
Mary Jane and oxfords, black and brow kid. All sizes from
little tots to growing girls. Regularly selling for $2.50 to $10
a pair. Stock reducing sale price, I" OpT to QK
per pair .......... .
Me?i's "Walkover" Low Shoes
Black and brown kidskin and calfskin. Regularly selling up to
$12.50 pair. Stock reducing sale K f K to ei A APT
price, per pair DtJ.ftJ &XVJ.VO
Men's White Canvas Oxfords
Welt soles, an exceptionally good fl KA TO K A
value, at, per pair . .. wOV .tDI.UU
Many other wonderful offerings in the
Mezzanine Floor Shoe Department
Kor rick's Economy Bargain Basement Shoe Department
offers many remarkable shoe bargains for the whole family, reduced awey below the regular low prices
Women's White Canvas Shoes
Sport and high dress models, selling regularly at (PI or
$3.50. Stock reducing price, per pair. P JL .Oe
W omen's White Canvas
Oxfords, pumps and English walking oxfords, selling regularlv
at $6.00 up, reduced 15 up to 3 95
Women's Black Kid Oxfords
English walking oxfords for women, selling regularly QA Ap"
at $7.00. Stock reducing sale price, per pair LUfj
Women's Black Dress Pumps
and oxfords, with high and low heels, selling regularly for $5
to $10. Stock reducing sale CJO QC to C APT
price, per pair ipdVO tpU.aO
Misses' and Children's Slippers
Mary Jane style, also oxfords, white canvas, white buckskin,
black kid and patent leather, selling regularly for up to $6.00.'
Stock reducing sale price, Opr to '2Q Apr
per pair ..... tpJL&O pOVt)
M en's Elk Scout Work Shoes
Tan and pearl, will stand the hard and rough use, reg-(J?0 Qff
ular $5 values. Stock reducing sale price, per pair. . .
Men's Work Shoes
Brown calfskin, army last, regular $6.00 value, stock .fl0
reducing sale price, per pair pOUO
PHONE 1602
Men's Simmer Oxfords
White canvas and palm beach, welt soles, regular CJO QCC
$5.00 values, stock reducing sale price, per pair vO.t.tl
. Men's Blucher Oxfords
Gun metal blucher oxfords, round toes, regular $7.50 CK QfT
value, stock reducing sale price, per pair fpOVO
Men's English Walking Oxfords
Black calfskin, regular $10.50 value, stock reducing (?'7 (jr
sale price, per pair D
Men's Brown Calfskin Lace Shoes
For dress wear, regular $9.00 values, stock reducing Qff
sale price, per pair tPl.iO
Many Other Basement Shoe Bargains
Not Advertised

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