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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, July 01, 1920, Image 11

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020558/1920-07-01/ed-1/seq-11/

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Advocating romovins the tax on
business income and placing it on the
owners' income, and further advocating-
all income tax assessments be ad
ministered by federal and regional
boards. C. M. Zander, chairman of the
Arizona tax commission, has forward
ed to the committee on resolutions of
the Democratic convention a taxation
In' a measure the plank Is identical
to that which Mr. Zander has advo
cated at the different sessions of the
national tax conference and which ia
being regarded with favor by a num
ber of leading tax experts throughout
the country. ,
It was Mr. Zander's idea to have the
plank presented to the committee by
Alexander Baker, assistant attorney
general and attorney to the tax com
mission, but owing to illness Mr. Baker
was unable to attend the convention,
fo that yesterday Mr. Zander took th
matter up with James A. Harrison of
Xogales and also wired his views on
taxation to William Jennings Bryan
and other prominent Democrats, whose
support he urged. Following was the
plank suggested by Mr. Zander:
Suggest taxation plank favor remov
ing tax on business income and trans
ferring to recipients business income.
That all income tax assessments, but
not collections, be administered by
federal and regional boards. Reasons
tax in present form absolute necessity
during haste in war because tax so
new full machinery and records not de
veloped to collect entire tax burdens
from persons, but these defects no
longer exist, also business formed
great collecting agencies perhaps will
ingly, but tax passed to consumer. Its
operation resolved into consumption
tax denounced always by party. Great
cause high prices. Administration too
far removed from people never full
success and minimum friction until
brought closer. Depletion and invested
capital never can be fixed by law, but
must be adjusted by responsible boards
according to found accounting and
changing conditions. Neither can rul
ings in Washington be satisfactory to
small taxpayers who cannot afford ex
pense to Washington for satisfaction.
Iarge taxpayers only enioy this priv
ilege, and with thfse present advisory
board overwhelmed with cases that can
never be reached. Locally tremendous
federal taxes paid by Arizona mines
reduces value mines assessed on ad
valorem basis. Many other states af
fected similarly with same or other
classes of property.
In discussing the plank yesterday
Mr. Zander declared that the present
operation of the federal income tax
on business has resulted in consump
tion tax because business has added
the, tax to the cost of opeiation and
charged it to the public.
"During the stress of war and the
fact that the income tax machinery
was not perfected the present tax was
the best method of getting the money,
but now the treasury department has
well organized machinery for the ad
ministration of the tax, and the further
fact that the treasury department has
also all the information necessary cov
ering persons who receive the income
from business." said Mr. Zander. "It is
therefore no longer excusable to col
lect a tax off business, but it would be
feasible to follow that business in
come to persons receiving it and tax it
there. In this event there would bo no
way of charging it un to the cost of
doing business. The government would
get just as much -tax and operators
would not be loaded with excessive
"Arizona's interest -in this situation
is due principally to the fact that the
large producing mines have been pay
ing large sums under the federal in
come tax and those sums must be de
ducted from the net revenue produced
in Arizona which naturally results in
a reduction in the valuation of proper
For Sale By
316-46 East Adams St.
ties. No act of the government snouia
result in lessening the value or the
functioning of any of the instruments
by which wealth is produced." asserted
Mr. Zander. "If the tax is placed on
persons the same amount of tax would
be raised without interfering with the
instruments that produced it.
"There van be no question but that
the manufacturers throughout the
country have taken advantage of the
situation and not only the legitimate
charge against the cost of operation
for taxes has added everything to it
that could lie made to stick. This,
however, is not true of the metallifer
ous mines, because even though th
mines nught have followed the same
course it has been impossible for them
to do so, ps in their case th market
has controlled the price of metals, and
not the supply.
"While the question of administra
tion of thf federal income tax is not
of so much interest to the Arizona tax
commission, yet anything" that will
tend to reduce the friction between the
tax gatherer and the taxpayer make
easier the task or all tax depart
"There is at present considerable ir
ritation among the taxpayers because
of the difficulty and expense of having
moot questions adjusted at Washing
ton. It would certainly be greatly to
the relief of the public if the adminis
tration of federal income tax assess
ments was decentralized and brought
closer to the public by the creation of
regional income tax boards."
Estcban Ebarro and Qoquin Cota
two Mexicans, were arrested last night
and placed in th county jail on a
charge of having committed a statu
tory offense. A charge of assault with
a deadly weapon, it is said, will also
be filed against Cota. The men, it is
alleged, kidnaped a 15-year-old Mexi
can girl last Sunday night and kept
her a prisoner until yesterday when
she succeeded in getting the mother of
Cota to take her back home. After
reaching home the girl gave the infor
mation that led to the arrest of the
According to the story told by the
officers, the two men entere'd the tent
of the girl's parents last Sunday night
in a camp two and one-half miles east
of the Indian school, and while. Ebarro
seized the girl, Cota knocked her father
down with a revolver when he attempt
ed to interfere. The men then carried
and dragged the girl across the cotton
fields to the Arizona canal. Officers
were unable on Monday morning to
trail the fugitives after they had
crossed a hard road.
On Monday night, after hiding all
day in the brush along the canal, it is
said, the men took the girl to the
home of Cota, six miles southeast of
Phoenix on the high line canal. Cota
was arrested by Constable Haze Burch
in Phoenix while he was waiting for
his mother to return from taking the
girl home. Ebarro was captured by
Deputy Sheriffs Blanco, Troutman and
'Price near the Cota home.
the announcement the "investigation"
of the land department was pending
and Mr. Jones asserted that he would
make his fight on the stand he had
taken in the matter.
"No man or corporation shall pay one
dollar for leases beyond that fixed by
law-, and I sliall use every effort to
end rumors of irregularities in the land
Mr. Jones, at a later meeting of the
land board, called during the absence (if
Governor Campbell, made the motion
that the investigation be terminated,
which had the etl'ect of "whitewashing"
the land department.
Sixty ex-soldiers are employed as
guards at seventeen distilleries
throughout the state of Maryland. This
peacetime strength infantry company
is composed of men who know all
about night raiding parties, hand-grenade
throwing and shooting.
, . o
celved a letter from H. A.
have re
(Irove, of-
"It's all aboard for Prescott, the Fron
tier Days and fourth or juiy, leaving
Phoenix at 7:50 o'clock Saturday morn
ing with as many cars attached to the
regular train as are needed to accom
modate the crowd, it was announced
at the Phoenix ctvamber of commerce
following a meeting of its excursion
committee yesterday.
The committee comprising B. E.
Marks W. W. Lawhon, F. P. Cruioe
and II. D. McVay reported that 50
members of the Knights of Pythias
lodge would go in a body and would
iike to have the city and county go
along officially. The committee also
reported that many had concluded to
go, if the excursion was run, from all
parts of the valley. It also reported
the request of the chamber of com
merce of Prescott to the chamber of
commerce of Phoenix to have the
Phoenix and Salt River valley people
go up on a special train, or In one
train if it were deemed advisable to
enlarge upon one of the regular trams
running through Prescott.
The conclusion was to enlarge upon
the regular train, adding as many cars
ns will be needed to accommodate com
fortably all who take part in the ex
cursion. The Frontier Days festival starts
July 2 and continues over the Fourth
to include the fifth of July. The tick
ets for the round trip will be $8.10.
including war tax. good for return
within 15 days. No excursion ticket
is required as all going to Prescott on
the excursion will meet -at the train
Saturday morning in time to purchase
regular tickets at the office there.
Tickets also may be purchased at the
city ticket office. Adams street and
Central avenue today and Friday.
It takes money to run for governor
or United States senator, said Wiley E.
Jones, attorney general, who stated
yesterday that he would be a candidate
for re-election.
"My money is tied up in Arizona
property," said Mr. Jones, who believes
that it is less expensive to run for legal
advisor to the state than to be a candi
date for chief executive.
Mr. Jones stated that he was not
making a formal announcement at the
present time, "merely sending notices
to the papers that he would announce
his candidacy in a few days."
Some time ago Mr. Jones, in an inter
view in The Republican, declared that
there were many matters of interest
pending in the attorney general's office
and that he might ask the people to
permit him to finish the work upos
which he was engaged. At he time of
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