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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, SATURDAY MORNING, JULY 31, 1920 IS EASILY Mill ITIQl'S TARGET SUPREdflflCY Republican A. P. Leased Wire BEVERLOO, Belgium, July 30. The United States today won three out of jeven of the Olympic target events eontested, tied for first in another, and obtained one second and one third. Thus the Americans failed to obtain A. place in only one event and easily maintained the world's marksmanship title. Commander Carl T. Osburn of the United States navy today won the Olympic individual target shooting competition with army rifles at a dis tance of 300 meters in standing posi tion. His score was 56 out of a pos sible 60. Madsen, a Dane, was second, with a score of S3. Lawrence A. Nueslein of Washing ton, D. C.; Learson,a Danish com petitor; Jannsen, a Belgian, and Tlechi, an Italian, were tied for third place with scores of 54. This result gives the United States two firsts in the first three events in the target shooting competition for which results have been announced, the American sharpshooters being first in the team match at 300 meters, lying . down, with a score of 2S9 out of a possible 300. America did not win a place in the 300 meters individual competition In the lying -down position. Four com petitors in this event who had perfect scores of CO must shoot off the tie. They are Johnson and Paroche of France, Kuehen of Switzerland and Oelson of Norway. link iTile WITH Keeping the Water Pure ATTEMPTED BURGLARY A big Chandler touring car proved effective bait in a trap the police set Tor three men who attempted to bur glarize the Saint Luke home on the Tempe road early yesterday morning. Upon receiving a hurried summons from the hospital about 12:30 o'clock yesterday morning, officers from the sheriff's office and the police depart ment arrived a-t the place Just as three men went scurrying from the building into the protective darkness of sur rounding shrubbery. After failing to locate the intruders the officers took possession of a Chandler touring car which had been left at the side of the road. As the car bears California li cense plates the theory is it may have been stolen. Charles Lockhart sauntered into po lice headquarters yesterday afternoon and casually inquired if the police had found a Chandler motor car near Saint Luke's home on the Tempe road. "When told the car had been found Lockahrt aked that it be turned over to him, claiming that he was the owner. "When Lockhart failed to give a satisfactory account of himself he was placed un der arrest and booked for investigation. About an hour after his arrest Lock hart was being photographed by Offi cer Blea in the City Hall plaza when a young man hailed the prisoner and Inquired about the Chandler car. Be fore Lockhart could signa) the man away he had come over aid entered Into conversation. When Officer Blea placed the man under arrest he pave the name of Theodore Balanger. Both men are being held for investigation in connection with the hospital robbery and the ownership of the motor car. JUST ClfflTMIE By FREDERIC J. HASKIN. , WASHINGTON, July 30. With the typhoid season at its height, the Unit ed States Public Health Service has thrown consternation into the ranks of the sanitarians of the nation by is suing a statement which said that the lives of all those 30,000,000 people whc live in our cities were endangered be cause of the difficulties in getting the chemicals which make the water sup ply of the municipalities pure and wholesome. The era of greater healthfulness that has come to the nation in the last two decades is largely due to the near elim ination of water-borne diseases. With out these chemicals water would con tinue to carry its microscopic messen gers of death. Therefore the emer gency and the haste. All of this has had the effect of directing attention to the miracles which this generation has performed in the elimination of the dangers that lurk in drinking water. Of the million who drink from the hydrants of the cities, very few apreciate the fact that every cup of water drunk every day in every city has been specially treat ed to make it safe and wnolesome. The story of the method of this treatment is a romance of science. A hundred years-ago little was don toward purifying the water furnished kfor drinking purposes to those who lived in the cities of the world. A hun dred years ago plague stalked over the face of the earth, and in spots' where populations were concentrated, it ran through the masses and took an un thinkable toll. Light Is Bad for Germs. In those days the one tendency toward the purification of drinking water came about almost by accident. When water is stored in a reservoir, the suspended particles in it sink to the bottom and carry down a large percentage of the germs that infest the water. Water standing in the sun light tends to purify itself because in light the conditions for propagating germ life are not favorable. It was in 1829. however, that the first scientific step toward water puri fication was taken. At that time James Simpson, of London, took the initiative which led to filtering the drinking sup ply of the English metropolis. The principle upon which he worked dom inated efforts toward water purifica tion for 75 years, and is still an im portant item in that work. Simpson demonstrated the advisability of fil tering water through sand. This prin ciple, much more highly developed, is still largely in use. Many of the reservoirs which hold the water supplies of towns and cities throughout the United States have a carefully arranged sieve of sand in their bottoms. Building one of these sieves is a good deal like construct ing a paved street. First there is a layer of broken rocks, then another of smaller size, and a still smaller one, until finally there is a thick layer ot sand on top. When water "is first put into a res ervoir with a bottom of this sort, the sieve is not very effective. Even in clear water, however, there is certain material which this sand removes. The strained out impurities of the water make a sort of scum, which is called schmutzdecke by the scientists, the terra meaning dirt cover, from the German. This dirt cover makes the sand ef fective. When the conditions are just right such a sieve will remove 99 per cent of the germs from any water, ana make it comparatively safe for drink ing purposes. Until near the close of the past century the development or sanitary water supplies was based on this principle. Twenty-five years ago an American took hold of this principle and devel oped what is known as the rapid sand filtration, or American method. The old scheme required too much space for the spreading out of the sana sieves. The American metliod substi tuted a tank for the reservoir meth od, and provided for the cleaning of the sand sieve. Within the tanks which one sees on the high ground back of any American city is one of these rapid sand sieves. Into this tank a chemical has been introduced to take the place of the schmutzdecke. This chemical is nothing more than alum. In all water there is a certain amount of lime, and when alum comes into contact with it a precipitate is formed which converts the sand into an ef fective germ strainer. Current Works Both Ways. Only a given amount of water, howt ever, can be run through this strainer until the sand becomes so full of im purities that it ceases to function ef fectively. Here, however, the American method meets the emergency. By a clever appliance the current of water is reversed and is sent forcefully up through the sand from the bottom. It removes all the impurities and the alum-like precipitate, and flushes them from the tank. Thus the strainer is made as good as new, and the water is started through it again for effec tive purification. There is now a famine in the supply of alum for use in the tanks through which the water supplies for munici palities are strained. This alum comes from a clay known as bauxite, the chief source of supply of which is in the vicinity of Little Rock, Arkansas. One of the chief alum factories in the United States is located near Philadel phia. This factory requires four car loads of clay a day. Of late, however, it has been receiving but eierht car loads a month. Similar conditions ex ist elsewhere. Cities are finding it im possible to get their alum, and the menace of pestilence is increasing daily. There is, however, a later develop ment in the work of water purification also of American origin, which is com ing into general use, and which is almost miraculous. At the little town of Dunwoodie, in New York, the two great aqueducts that carry the water for the metropolis from Croton reser voir come very near together. This water supply has not been filtered and until it reaches Dunwoodie it has not been treated to make it safe for the millions who are to drink it. At Dunwoodie a little house is built between the two aqueducts. This house is a repository of certain tanks of vita liquid. From these tanks comes forth drop by drop the particles of this most, powerful disinfectant. It is diluted by water, and a little stream of it goes. each way into the great aqueducts. These little streams purify the stupen dous amount of water that New York uses, and makes it one of the safest cities from typhoid in all world. What the Germans Used. The vital liquid referred to is chlo rine. It is the same material, made ot salt, which the Germans unleashed upon English and Canadian troops on that memorable day in 1915 when the beginning of the greatest horror of the war was perpetrated. The mate rials in the tanks at Dunwoo&ie, how ever, are immeasurably more deadly than chlorine gas. They are, in fact, chlorine gas compressed until it has become a liquid. As a liquid, infini tesimal quantities of it in the water mean death to all germs which carry contagion. These small quantities, however, are not sufficient to produce any effect upon a human being who drinks the water. Chlorine might be added until its presence could be determined by taste, and still it would not be detri mental to the person drinking it. As a disinfectant, however, It is without .an equal, and with the development of the present method of introducing it into water supplies, it is the most effective, most economical and most reliable method of safeguarding our water supply. ' VISUALLY EVIDENT (Boston Transcript) She (at swell function) I barely got here. ' He (observantly) So I see. APPHL IS FILED . i IE BARON CSS An appeal to the supheme court of the decision In. the case of Edith V. Le Baron against her former husband, Edwin M. Le Baron, .'or the custody of their three children, as filed yes terday In the superior-court by Mr. Le Baron. A supersedeas bond of $24, 000 ''-also was filed at the same time for a stay of execution in the case. Mrs. Le Baron, after a trial lasting 16 days, was awarded the custody of the children, $100 a month for their support and a share of the $5000 prop erty. On July 11, Judge Ingraham of the superior court of Yuma county. who sat at the Le Baron trial here, rendered his decision In the case in accordance with the answers of the jury to some 60 interrogatories. A motion for a new trial was over ruled then, the supersedeas bond for appeal was fixed and the defendant was given 20 days in which to raise the bond and file the appeal. The bond was signed by W. J. Le Baron, Wil liam Skousen and L. W. Guthrie. Le Baron secured a divorce from his wife in August, 1918. and was award ed the custody of the children. Mrs. Le Baron in her suit for the custody of the children charged that the di virce of Le Baron was secured through an allesed "frame-up." EH II. V in I FORD'S STORES BARGAINS Those Gov't Tents, Wagon Covers, Quilts, Cotton Sacks, Saddles, Shoes, Canteens, which you see advertised to ship to you, by these Jayhawkers, can all be seen and bought at Ford's Stores, cheaper than they advertise them to sell. " DON'T BE A FOOL I call them Blood Suckers Trade at Home. I also carry a full line of heavy and light new tents, at low prices. I am agent for Heath-Millyer Paints. I carry a full stock The best oaint made and cheaper than all others. When you want to sell I .buy Any quantity, anywhere. Spot GEO. O. FORD 220 East Washington Street Phone 1776 o AUTOMOBILE SALESMAN WANTED TO SELL HUDSON "and ESSEX Immediate Deliveries CAL MESSNER 401 West Adams Tli 131 THEM STOP G1BU1IG After Mose Walker, Edar Carter, O. Mitchell and J. A. Kohler, negroes, and E. Whitmore had each pleaded guilty to gambling at 425 East Mon roe street and paid fines of $25 each, there did not seem much chance for Nellie Morris, negro woman, to suc cessfully defend herself on the charge of permitting gambling on her prem ises, as she admitted being lessee of the place. "Lissen heah, you' honer, Jedge," she began after a mass of evidence haa been introduced against her, "ah ain't guilty and dis is why ah ain't.-. Foah two weeks ah done been down sick Sho nuff. Ah was sick in bed when those men stahts shootin' craps in mah Tiouse. "How do you know they were shoot ing craps?" Interrupted City Attorney Nelson. i.DDer once in awnile ah heahs a soun lak "seben come 'leben.' Ah done knows dey Is shootin craps but how ah gwine hep mahsef? Bimeby Mat thews comes in. He rooms at mah house. Ah. tole Matthews to go in the front room and stop dat game. He went m but he nevah stop no game. He Jes livened it up. Purty soon then the doc tor he come see how is I. So ah says to the doctor to go an stop dat game when the doctor heahs dat seben an leben he fergets all bout how is I an' he makes a bee line foah dat game an alt nevah do see him no moan. Ah was Jos' gettjn feeble lak outen bed to go stop dat gaxne mahsef when the polios come. Bat Nellie's past record was against her. as was the evidence of the police men who raided the game. Judge Kirkland found the defendant guilty as charged and assessed a fine of $50. SHOES COST $25 IN HAVANA Ir. A. M. Caballero, a Cuban from Havana, -visiting in Montreal, bemoans the fact til at soon he wtn be paying $25 a bushel for potatoes, $25 for a pair of shoes and $125 for a suit of clothes equal to Montreal's $50 suits. "Th people of Cuba think of Ittle else "but growing sugar and tobacco," said Dr. Ca bail pro. "That is one of the reasons why the cost of living is so high there. The sugar money comes easily and goes easy. The farmer buys his wife the best of Paris gowns, dia monds, etc, buys a $10,000 car for the family and a $100,000 residence la town and thinks It tie of t. "Many a farmer is today making $100,000 a. year and mostly out of sugar. The reason why they all grow sugar is because the banks lend the money on the crop without any trouble. Ten times more money is coming into the country than there was three or four years ago. Cuba," continued Dr. Caballero, "wants direct trade relations with Canada. Cubans like Canadian proods and the Canadian Merchant Marine is doing a lot of good in spreading Cana dian products through the country, but more Canadian salesmen should be sent there. Cubans want to deal direct rather than work through United States commission houses. Asbestos, cement, building- plaster, nails, loco motives, paper and all kinds of hard ware have a field in Cuba. "Tn the first four months of 1920 1 897.207 tons of sivr were exported, comtu with 1,302,852 for 1919." 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