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B MA if i AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESS5VE JOURNAL w r HIRTY-FIRST YEAR 36 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 1, 1920 36 PAGES VOL XXXL, NO. 96 HARDING RONT DOOR PLEA FOR sum Tl THEORIES FOLLOW DEATH OF PROMINENT cox urn IRK WAGE IN ULu; CAMPAIGN IRISH ADMIRERS FIEHTANDCHEER ADDRESS WITH RAILR PASSED ON m LIDARITY F PURPOSE GCEPTANGE AN 1 JJii OPENS F Minn m v r CR EASE BURDEN M m A LLH WITH OAD INCOME TO PUBLIC UPON OF A so r . f i , s t i Political Issues Put Aside by G. 0. P. Nominee to Make Room for a Heart-to-Heart Talk on Americanism Favors Modification of Excess Profits Tax (Republican Associated Press Leased Wire) MARION, Ohio, July 31. Turning from the political issues in the forefront of the campaign, Senator Harding -ook for the theme of his first front porch speech today a plea for solidarity of purpose and mutual good under standing among all classes and geographical sections. "Only a spirit of co-mingling friendship," he said, could produce the full realization of mutual inter-dependence necessary to attain the nation's highest destinies. He pleaded that East, West North and South and the jealousies of class and selfish interest be forgotten in peace, as in war. Declares for Tax Modification The nominee declared the excess pro fits tax schedule should be modified to , fcccord with peace requirements and that he would not hesitate to ask con press for prompt action. He added, however, that he was "not -yet prepared to suggest an equitable substitute." The speech was delivered to a dele-r- tion from Mansfield, Ohio, which came up in marching' order and sere haded the candidate with four bands. In the crowd were many known person ally to the candidate, and they cheered tolm as he held up their conception of neighborliness as model for the nation. In a short address of greeting: E. B. Capelier of Mansfield told Senator Harding that many Democrats were In tne delegation. After the nominee's response he came down the steps of the porch with Mrs. Harding, who had stood behind him during the speech, and they shook hands for a half hour. . Today's speech marked the formal opening' of the front porch campaign. Two more Ohio delegations are to be received next week, and two later dates have been announce. Harding's Address "We ought to make wealth bear its full share of taxation," Senator Hard ' ing said, "and we will. Having this thought in mind and also thinking" of the excessive cost of living, I doubt If the excess profits tax for war pre cisely .accomplishes the end we seek in peace. ... I would gladly recom-j mend a change, but I am not yet pre pared to suggest an equitable substl ture, though I should have no hesitancy in asking congress to seek the earliest feasible solution. ? - The league of nations he did not re fer to directly, but he declared the na tion's "highest duty is to cling to the fundamentals on which we baiided, and hold fast to the nationality whlcn inspired our onward march." "It is with' a keen sense of delight that I welcome -your visit today," said Senator Harding. "We need to cultivate friendliness and neighborliness. I sometimes think in this busy, work-a-day world we are neglecting those little acts of neighbor liness that make Ufa sweet and worth hlle. "I feel myself almost a part of Rich lit ud county. Our people, eatly in the last century, settled in a section that was bounded by Richland and Craw ford counties, and my earliest reoo- lections are of grists taken to Lexing- t- n for grinding. I recall distinctly the s-.ories of my great grandmother, who r dated to me how she had oftei gone , $ ith one bag of wheat on horseback, while the men were busy in the fields, arid the cries of the. wolves were a fre tivient accompaniment to the wearied homeward journey. That was in the days when heroes were without fame's acclaim, when a sturdy manhood and womanhood weer battling with the wn flerness. "The especial thought in my mtnt today is -the inter-dependence and the mutuality of interest of all our people, t, The Pilgrim fathers laid their eternal fecundations of New World liberty in giim-necessity, and the same spirit, the tame concord, tjje same mutuality fol ic ed every pioneering step in the de li Jopment of the republic. Cautions Against Class Distinction ' "The tendency to class consciousness ifc a product of developing fortunes, end 'Jfboth a reflex of achievement and tT.enace to maintained progress. 'We BiU5t caution against class distinction id class conflict at every step. "I can recall 40-cent wheat, flayed t om the fields of Richland and Mor T w. That was" before industry de X eloped the home consumer, tha t was fcefore railways and improved highways jened the way to markets. That was svhen farming was a fight for subsist ence, instead of the present day pur suit of attainment. "I trust no one will misquote me as fjylng? I believe in 40-cent wheat ,be- luse I have indulged my memory. jfmetimcs we are very unfair in hand ljjg the utterances of public men. J remember, when the senate was dis cussing the war-time guarantee on heat. when we felt we ought to give the American farmer that assurance which would encourage a seeding to ; guard against war famine, a western eena-tor was arguing that wheat could net be raised for less than $2.50 a bush el I interrupted him to say that J wll recalled that Ohio farmers, in pre w r days, had rejoiced to get a dollar f t r their wheat. I was speaking of . normal days prior to the war. You win 1 bear me witness that I speak fairly an 1 correctly. Yet there are those today who seek to convey that I said a dollar a bushel is enough for wheat today. "Pardon the diversion. I am recall ing the old time low level of prices to jr ' call - at ..the same time the people's , .al'lli' " buy and to remind you that C .on.i :wm prices, mounting wages, taoant. .g expenditures all are insep arably tinted and a grim mutuality win ' .Wtttnatjjy aesert itself no matter what ' SO: , .., C . s' ffwst' Look Into Future "Thtre if- tto living todav or tomor- i v.- & "'' r- is to tne standards of yes day. 1 normal being in looking .'.-.a lime wnue ajro our cut taxes were "wholly -i:lilf cent li rv of Itrr.til,- f the fedcra-I "government o'm direct burden. V'.i-t rinlicv the Tlomncrnti II ; -., -wr t r s if : -U if ; . n n . I Id V i ' .i of trade, which is in- :Her than national, and it of government and fin- V -" i - ally war burdens, turned federal tax? -1 tion into a cojossa.1 burden. "No one seriously complained while" the national crisis hung over us. but we must work a readjustment for stab ilized and prosperous peace. "It is good that our producing inter ests are diversified. In that lies ovr great strength as a nation. The manu facturing centers and the food produc ing areas complement and supplement each other. There is not and there must be no conflict between them. There is a disposition of some to in veigh against one section or another, as selfish interest may suggest, but the broad national welfare contemplates no east and no west, no north and no south. "I rejoice to recall that when the great world war summoned our sons to duty and to death, perhaps, there was no question about geography. "By cultivating the spirit of friend liness, by a recognition of interde pendence .the problems of life are made much easier for all. There is a grow ing tendency to look to government for a.!l remedies, forgetting there are na tural laws that will operate to correct evils, if given a fair chance. Often times well-meaning laws defeat the very object they are designed to ac comphsh. 'Our country hold3 out opportunity to all but upon the supreme condition that those who would avail themselves of that opportunity shall be entirely worthy, and know and accept fully the spirit of American Institutions. WHEAfPRIGESDHOP TO LOWEST FIGURES IN Oie TWO YEARS Republican A. P. Leased Wire CHICAGO, July 31. Liquidation in all grains 'was on today and prices dropped sharply. Wheat led the pro cession, showing net loss of 10 to 13 cents, with December $2.11 to $2.12 and March $2.12 to $2.13. Corn was down 2 to 6 cents with September 51.34. to $1.34'3 and December $1.20Vs to $1.20. Oaty suffered a slump from 4 to 9 cents, while provisions also were lower. Cutting of prices occupied most of the time of the traders in the wheat pit. There was lack of support, while the selling -was general. Prices were the lowest since the government control went into effect. Farmers were report ed to be marketing their grain as fast as they can, while exporters were said to be watching for prices to become more stable. Corn suffered material recessions in sympathy with wheat. The heavy liquidation in July, the break in wheat and tho unsatisfactory financial situa tion co! to insDire shorts to con tinuV etfforts toward lowering Wso had much to do - of corn. ak with other grains, 't bearish and commis 8 were aggressive on values.; J.,, with the . - Oats -r sentiment. 1; sions m , the sell., if greatest li' " a loss of-5 t Provi.vi s local nefw 'x . ,-'in. July suffered the non, closing at e cents, s cents. under pressure from --prices registered de- clines trau 3 5 to (67 cents. High iude Too for Dearborn Repubi en A, P. Leased Wire! COLORADO SPRINGS, CoU July 31 The higri Valtude of Pike's Peak re sulted in the death at a hosptal here this morning of Ixrenzo P. Dearborn, 6S years o: . a c'tive of Massachusetts who carad I r a week todav with his wife from Ri 'ord. Ills. Last Satur day, Dearrnj eat to the top of the peak with ri t ty in an automobile. He left the Jarty at the summit say ing that ha tiffed to walk down the automobile t3", A short distance from Glen ' tv .half way down the peak. Dear n ,ame exhausted. According t r A. L. Winston of Manitou, U i t nding physician, the dead man It f -4, from paralysis of the stomac... a.ie .high altitude. Dr. Winston sail, c&uBed an abnormal blood pressure w:.ich brought on the stroke. Dearl3rn had suffered two previous paral-tic strokes, but each had been slisfcv hi wife said. The body will b$ Ukm "t Denver tomorrow morning for cremation. M AN AGEB DIES TUCSON, - Aria,, . July 31. Frank Buckhout, S7 years old, advertising manager of he -Ariacna Daily Star of Tucson, die:! heie today. Mr. Buck hout was at ore t m business manager of the- New -Yer-t- Evening Mail and vus also conn' P-ith the New York Sun and NcV i- 'Commercial. He came ve.t atvoit t.lrCe years a?o tor i i ' health. ' V - i HAIL CREAKS -WINDOWS i i WICHITA. iKr'W July 31. Hail,; leasuring t J H' it. circumference, j whk-h was luirfi I "0 minutes. ri.iSi'. broke window. .. c -.-m -V'- A '. , ?""rQ,rhis evening for .ttfmobUe tops and Brawls and Fistic Encoun ters Mark Departure of Aged Prelate Bound for Ireland Longshorernen Meet Taunts with Fists Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK, July 31. Daniel J. Mannix, archbishop of Melbourne and advocate of Irish freedom, tonight was many miles at sea. aboard the Baltic, steaming toward whatever fate awaits hjim in IreUnd his native land a visit to which has been forbidden him by the British government on his jour ney to Rome to see the. pope. His friend and fellow countryman, Eamonn de Valera, "president of the Irish republic," who was thought to be planning to accompany the prelate, was lf-ft behind. Raised on the shoulders of a great crowd of Irish sympathizers w-ho yelled themselves hoarse in tribute to their two leaders after engaging in fights on the dock and ship with op ponents of their cause the . Irish "president" watched the ship being towed into midstream, and, from afar, received final benediction from the venerable father, whose air of calm, devoted courage brought volley after volley of cheers. As the ship was swung out into the Hudson, the archbishop was seen on the after-deck. His serious face, sur mounted by iron gray hair, was con tinually bowed in recognition of the wild chorus of cheers wafted toward the boat. In his left hand he held two roses, the only floral offerings that, flung from the dock, could reach him. With the other hand ne waved silent bless ing. In contrast to this scene was one staged at thej opposite pier on the British liner Olympic. British Tars Flout Jeers There a different spirit was mani fested. Instead of the white, yellow and green flag of the Irish republic appeared the flaming colors of Great Britain, the crew, several hundred strong, waved the union jack and lin ing the rail, answered with cheers for England every shout raised for Ire land and her "president " The Hud son, separating the factions, alone prevented serious trouble As it was, it was a day of action, with fights enough for even an Irish county fair. Hours before the ship sailed, men, women and children carrying Ameri can and Irish flags and signs mocking Premier .Lloyd George, assembled. The prelate was forced virtually to fight his way through the throng to get to the gangway. Then trouble began. An English man stard'g on the upper deck hurled a taunt at the archbishop. In a sec ond, husky longshoremen climbed up the ship like flies and pummeled the passenger. Only detectives with re volvers pressed into the ribs of the hutskies brought rescue to the Btrand ed Britisher. This was the most spectacular of the brawls Every Insult to the Irish republic was met with a punch, and there was many a sore head. Ordinarily only those who have parses from the Anferican. customs authorities are permitted within the fenced enclosure around the gangway on sailing days. Today, however, the friends of Archbishop Mannix defied regulations. Thqy rushed from their feet the regular guards and before po lice reserves could arrive they were all but on the ship. Prompt preparations to lift the gangways only prevented demonstrators getting aboard. o Ask Equalizaton of Rail-Water Rates To Relieve Congestion Republican A. P. Leased Wire AESM. Iowa, July 31. Equalization of water and rail freight rates on grain and farm products from Chicago to Buffalo and New York was asked today by the Iowa farm bureau federa tion executive committee in a telegram to the interstate commerce commis sion. It was made in an effort to find some means of relieving the general frelghi. congestion, especially as. it affects Iowa and points west of Chicago. Reports to the conference were that the present freight tariffs by rail to Buffalo are less than by water from Chicago, with the result that boats ar not being used for the transportation of grain and farm products as much as they might, and probably would be if the rates were the same. It was the opinion of speakers that use of the water route would not only relieve the rail traffic from Chicago eastward, but also would work out to cause quicker return of freight cars sent to the eastern markets. TO TAKE CHARGE WASHINGTON, July 31. Dr. Hugh S. Cummings, surgeon general of the public health service, will leave tomor row for Galveston to take charge of the national conference of state and city health officers which meets Aug. 3 and 4 to consider measures for eradicating tho bubonic plague. HUNGARIAN FORCE ATTACKS ARSENAL IN MOTOR TRUCKS VIENNA. July 30. A Hungarian force of more than S00 armed and uniformed men crossed the Austrian frontier today, overpowered the guards and raided the Furstenfeld arsenal, seizing 2,000 rifles, 2,000 uniforms and 21 machine guns. The, raiders returned to Hungary With the booty on motor trucks. The government has, protested to the Hungarian minister, demanding punishment of the raiders, return of the loot, an apology and payment of damages. It has also communi cated tho facts to the foreign mis sion It is feared that in other raids of other arsenals the raiders ob tained more than 4.000 small arms. An official account asserts that Hungarian and Austrian reaction aries plotted the raid, which was thoroughly organized. El MERCHANT Woman Found in Apart ment With Murdered Man Says His Quarters Were Trap Set for Innocent Girls Republican A. P. Leased Wire CHICAGO, July 31 Police tonight were working on two theories in con nection with the death of Samuel T. A. Loftis, wealthy diamond merchant, found dead in his apartment last night with Ruth Woods, a hotel bookkeeper, who first declared he had "suddenly fallen dead after she had called for help when he insulted her," but later admitted that his death came "after a friendly tussle with her." One theory was that a cerebral hem orrhage, which the coroner's physicians declared caused Mr. Loftis' death, was the result of a fall, possibly accidental. The other was that Loftis had been hit on the head with- a broken whiskey bottle found near his pajama clad figure. Re-Enact Scene In efforts to check tip the state ments made by Miss Woods and her fiancee, Roy Shayne, who told police he rushed to the apartment following a telephone message from Miss Woods that she was being insulted, police had Miss Woods re-enact the taxicab ride she said she took after leaving Shayne .with the dead body. Miss Woods said a taxi was called by Shayne and that 'after she had ridden a short time, tho chauffeur's brother got into tho car and attempted to attack her. The chauffeur Bays he drove her to many cafes, at each of which she took a drink and finally took her home. Ho denies his brother ever was in the car. Police declare that when Miss Woods reached her home she had a watch and Jewelry belonging to Loftis, which she gave to her mother with the remark: "Keep them, mother, for a while; Loftis is dead." Police expressed the opinion that Shayne had told everything he knew of the care, and declared he would be released. Many Parties. Stories told the police by Miss Hulda Johnson, housekeeper for Loftis, in dicated that the party which resulted in his death was only one of many in his apartment. Broken whiskey and beer bottles and other signs of hilar ity and debauchery were fonud by her. she- said. . She termed the apartment a "Sirl trap," and declared Loftis had enter tained 60 girls there since January 1. One bedroom was fitted up pa a bou doir for women, she said, equipped with al feminine requisite. Despite announcements, today that Shayne would be released on his own recognizance, he still was held late to night, being questioned further con cerning h's statement that "Loftis fell dead, apparently tripping" as ho en tered the apartment in response to Miss Woods telephone call. Police say they were satisfied that Miss Woods was alone with Loftis at his death and that the body was cold, apparently dead, for some time, when the doctor was summoned by Shayne. They also say they are puzzled over the fact that only $1.50 .was found in Loftis' clothes, declaring he was known to always have about $1,000 with him. coLuiilmsT IS SHOT TO DEATH IH HIS H YOHK HOME Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK. July 31. Dr. Jose Are nas, 26, a dentist, recently arrived from Bogota, Colombia, was found tonight shot to death in his home in West 70th street. Ruth Jackson, a chorus girl, who, police say, had been in Arenas' apartment, was found in a taxicab nearby with a bullet wound in her chest. The house in which Joseph B. Elwell, turfman and whist expert, was bhot and killed is a block away. Ignatio Marti, 22, who went to a hos pital with a wound in the chest, told police he was shot by Arenas at the dentist's home and that Arenas then shot the girl and then turned the re volver on himself. He asserted the dentist was jealous of him because of his attentions to tho girl. Marti, who is a Porto Rican, told the police he went to the dentist's apart ment with Miss Jackson to call for some of her belongings she had left there, according to Marti, the girl having deserted the dentist for him. When she arrived at Aerrias' house, said the Porto Rican, the dentist was talking to Juan Malganado, a South American, and Dr. Arenas asked him to step aside. Malganado, Marti said, walked to the porch and the den tist went to the rear of the room, which was partitioned off with portieres. Instead of bringing out the girl's clothes, the Porto Rican said. Arenas returned with a revolver which he started firing at the girl and him. Becoming frightened, Marti said, he jumped from a window, but thought of the girl and climbed back, waving to a taxicab driver. He told the police he carried Miss Jackson from the house with the intention of taking her to his apartment. The dentist's body was found by a policeman after residents of the neigh borhood reported they had heard shots. Marti later told police Miss Jackson was married. Home in Toledo TOLEDO, July 31 Ruth Jackson, found shot tonight in a taxicab in front of the home of Dr. Jose Arenas in New York city is the wife of Elmer Schultz, taxicab chauffeur here. She is 17 years old and married Schultz two years ago. She went to New York in April to en gage in moving picture work. In a letter exhibited by her husband Mrs. Jackson said she ahd been "bothered" by a "foreigner"' since she had reached New York. Candidate Withholds Any Comment on Charges -of Harding Regarding Fund For Campaign Purposes Republican A. P. Leased Wire DAYTON, Ohio, July 31 Finishing his address of acceptance for next Sat urday, Governor Cox today sought rec reation after his week's work and pre pared to turn to other campaign affairs. The speech comprises about 10,000 words, according to estimates or some- rV.lr.n- o .1 .', . what in excess of that of Heaator Harding. The irovern- . .it an alt rniwin nn ) o-r.1- I',.: , 1 After finiPhiii.-rV.i5.' .si-.-.h. - Irving nsber of iue, wth wrumi n discussed ecor.omies. and Secretary Vandyke of h rennsylvsiiia JJt-rtiO-cratic coiniti"c. Withholds Cerement Governor f'c . c r'.fnue-l to withhold comment on -Uiement of Sena tor HanK crging the Democrats with Fe.,ig to ohscure the league of nations issue and declaring champions of the league with international inter ests were behind the Democratic cam paign fund. It was indicated that the governor would make no response be fore his address Saturday and also would continue to refuse, through ex change of statements to the press, to enter into that sort of debate. Next week the governor is expected to reply to P. P. Christensen, of Salt Lake City, Farmer-Labor candidate, regarding the request for aid in secur ing a pardon for Kugene V. Debs, the Socialist candidate Expect White George White, chairman of the Democratic national committee is ex pected late next week for conferences with the governor prior to the notifi cation. The special campaign commit tee of 15, it is believed will be an nounced soon after. It is understood that direct management of tht cam paign under Mr. White will be in the hands largely of IS. H. Moore of Youngstown, Ohio, Governor Cox's pre convention manager; Senator Harrison of Mississippi, chairman of the speak ers' bureau, and W. Marsh of Iowa, treasurer. The league -of nations was discussed by Governor Cox and Professor Fisher, who said he would see Senator Harding tomorrow or Monday. Several authors, publicists and scientific men. Professor' Fisher said, are forming a new league to advocate America's entrance into the league of nations. He said it was hoped to announce officers in a week or ten days. speculatdrsTlamed FOR EXORBITANT 111 PRICES AFTER PROBE Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, July 31. Blame for exorbitant coal prices was placed on speculators in a statement today b the National Coal assocition. Federal trade commission figures, giving tht, average sale prices at the bituminous mines during April as $3.26, it said, "indicate the slender average of profit per ton realized by the industry." Mine co8t was placed at $2.76 by the commission, the statement pointea out, adding that the 50 cents margin between the cost and selling price was not net profit, for (from it must be de ducted interest on borrowed capital and other expenses. "The blame for exorbitant prices lies in the activity of speculators," de clared the statement, which added that car shortage paved the way for th play of speculative prices. Keconsign ment of curs "for which the railroads are responsible," it continued, permit ted exchange of coal in transit, some times resulting in a "higher price to be tacked on two or three times." "With the priority orders of the in terstate commerce commission now stimulating the movement of coal to the Kreat lakes and to New England," concluded the statement, "the bitu minous coal operators believe that the coal shortage, crisis - soon will be straightened out." GENERAL LEAVES TIPPERARV, Ireland, July SI. Brig. Gen.' O. H . Lucas, who arrived Thurs day night after escaping from Sinn Feiners who kidnaped him over a month ago, left today. His departure was surrounded by features in keeping with his escape, which was followed by a fight with raiders near Oola, He traveled in a touring car escorted by armored cars, each carrying two mschine guns and ten men armed with rifles. An airplane acted as scout. The destination of the general was not announced, but it is reported he will go to England. DECLARES CANTU HAS PLOTTED TO GAIN PRESIDENCY LOS ANGELES. July 31. Many former followers of the late Presi dent Carranza are involved in a plot to make Governor Esteban Cantu president of Mexico, Eduardo Ruiz, representative here of the provi sional government of Mexico, said today, Ruiz accused Governor Cantu of being a "reactionary" and described him as the ' head of the revolution ary Carrancistas," a "political blunderer" and the "greatest figure of political camouflage in the his tory of Mexico." The de facto government of Mex ico intended, Ruiz said, to make Cantu a federal officer at Mexico City and to appoint F.aldomero A. AIniada, governor of Lower Cali fornia. The governors refusal to give up his office to Almada changed the government's plans. Interstate Commerce Commission Grants Railroads Rate Increases Totalling One: And a Half Billion Dollars Freight, Passenger and Pullman Rates fected . " (republican A?c t '-'" WASHINGTON, July (roads to ineres-o revenues Hi! il DliiiOR a',:i.'n r- V l.'iiii liC ' ' - 'Vu.J.u . cr ivune ''; voriUniAViun. ieurni, rates win uc auvctiiccu w, i7ttout o:K;-tbhd. r-uosenger one-half. Coastwise and inland Irailway companies also were granted an increase in freight rates in proportion to the increases granted rail roads serving the same territory. The new rates, to continue until March "1, 1922, will become effective on five days' notice by the carriers to; , the commission and the public, and they must be in opera tion before January 1. Since the government guaranU expires September 1, the carriers are expected to put tl: advances into effect by then. Will Meet Wage Increase Income The increases are designed to offset the $600,000,000 wage advance awarded by the railroad labor board and to provide the six per cent net income on the aggregate value of the railroad property under the transportation act. The ag?rregato value of all railroads was estimated by the commission at $18,900,000,000, as against a book val uation of $20,040,000,000, given by the carriers. The 20 per cent increase in passen ger fares, excess baggage charges and milk transportation rates and the 50 per cent surcharge on Pullman fares will be general. Freight rate increases will vary according to territoy with 40 per cent in the Eastj 25 per cent in the South, 35 per cent In the West from the Mississippi river to the Rocky mountains and 25 per cent in mountan-Pacific territory trom east of the Rockies to the Pacific coast, not ncluding Alaska. Claim Increases Justified The commission said that the in creases were Justified in view of the rapidly changing price conditions and the necessity for providing adequate transportation faclittes during and after readjustment. From fgores submitted by the car riers, it was unofficially estimated that the apportionment of the ad vances would be about $1,285,300,000 in freight; $233,800,000 on passengers; $43,000,000 on Pullman; $4,500,000 on milk and $1,400,000 excess baggage charges. - On tha same calculations, eastern roads would get the most, receiving approximately $873,930,000, as com pared with- $559,483,000 for all the western lines, and $135,298,000 for the southern carriers. Every Man To Pay $12 Yearly Increased charges on freight alone was- estimated as equalling a levy of $12 per capita per annum for every woman, man .and child, basing the nation's population al 105,000,000 for 1920. Increases in passenger, Pullman and excess baggage rates were those asked by the roads. Freight increases requested were 39.75 for the eastern roads, 32.03 for western roads and 38.91 for southern lines, the total estimated to yield $1, 356,000.000. The eastern roads were granted .25 of one per cent more than they nought; the western roads ap proximately what they sought, but the southern roads received approxi mate 14 per cent less than they had requested. The commission said that the finan cial condition of the southern roads was more favorable than any of the other lines. In view of this condition, the commission held 'that they were better able to meet the demands on them than some of the other com panies. Provides for Improvements "The increases authorized." said the commission, "are intended to yield the additional one-halt of one per cent of the aggregate value of the roads to make provisions for improvements, betterments and equipment, charge able to capital account. The record Jeaves no doubt as to the needs of the country for additional transporta tion facilities. Carriers will be ex pected to make appropriations for ad ditional mprovements, betterments of equpment of a character chargeable to capital account and to make report semi-annually showing what portion of the increased revenues has been de voted to that purpose." The one-halt ot one per cent will yield approximately $94,000,000. The commission said that the carriers had stated that they needed immediately at least 100,000 freight cars, 2000 loco motives and 3000 passenger coaches. These are to be paid for out of this fund and out of money advanced by the commission and borrowed by the car riers. The commission went at some length into the question of uf??regate values of the roads as well as their financial condition, and said: "We conclude that Increases indi cated may be made by ali steam roads subject to our jurisdiction: T4e Commission's Conclusions "1 All passenger fares and charges may be increased 20 per cent. The term 'passenger fares' may be consid ered to include standard, local and in terline fares; excursion, convention and other fares for fecial ocensions; commutation nnl other multiple forms of tickets: extra farts on limited trains; club car charr-s. "2 Excess baggage rate.1? may be in creased 20 per cent, provided that where stated as a ptrcentarre of or de pendent upon pa-.-senscr fares the in crease in the latter will aulomutioaHy effect the increase in the excess bag gage charges. "S A surcharge upon prir-ser in sleeping and parlor ;ars nv.y !-' made amounting to 00 p-r cimt of th charge for space in such cars, su.-h charge to be collected in connetion ith the charge for space. "4 Milk and cream rates miv Yf Increased 20 per cent." Af- frca L4d W" ai.Authority f me rail- by approximately one and a was granted cuday by the interstate :tx a i , i fares one-fifth and Pullman steamship lines and electric Freight Increase Findings Conclusions as to general freight : creases were: ' "We find that the following per ci Increases in the charges for freis service .including switchng and er cial services, together with the oti increases approved would result rates not unreasonable In the aggf gato under section 1 of the trar portation act, and would enable V carriers under honest, efficient n economical management, and reas?j able expenditures for maintenance ' r. way, structures and equipments to ear an aggregate annual railway, operat! income equal, as nearly as may be,' a return of 5 per cent upon th gregate value for the purp c " ! ' proceeding, of the railway i r , such carriers held for and service of transportation s of 1 per cent in additi group, 40 per cent; sou! 25 per cent; western groupt and mountain-Pacific eent," The decision summed up l Summary of Decia , ''Most of the factors with which are dealing are constantly chang! It is impossible to forecast with degree of certainty what the volume traffic will be. The general price lc is changing. ?Jt is impracticably to & just all ratcson individual commoti ties. The rates to be established the basis approved must be subject, such readjustment as the facts na warrant. It is expected that shipi will take these matters up with ! carriers, and the latter will he t pected to deal promptly and effects fy therewith, that necessary adj--ments may be made in a many-t stances as practicable without app? to us." Government railroad operation w brought Into the case by Commission Eastman, who, in an opinion in wl . the commission wholly concurred. i approved the. method used by the mission in reaching its concluio Commissioner McChord criticized Coi mlssioner Eastman's position, dec' ing he "injects into this case largo f litical questions of governmental if Icy nowhere in issue here." f Commissioner-Eastman expressed r gret that federal control was not r mltted to continue at least until a' readjustment. Commissioner McCoi in his reply saNi: "The congress has, for the t'nie t lag, settled the question of gQvcrnrrr operation of the railroads X ' ' -them to private operate around by comprehensive !).. ing broad powers in this roi.i , regulate them. It in the jfviy ' i commission to enforce the Ha w ai grpss has written. Discussing provisions for j:s: tween the various groups of r&JB. I commission said that joint or . line through rates between point.--cne group and points in othcis shot be increased 3-) 1-3 pt cent. It . said that tja increases should ajj to individual commodity rates now, effect. ; The commission said It found gr . rates into and out of important grr markets in the- Middle West might increased by the general percenta is with the understanding that the ci ' riers wouM, with in 30 days aftr t service of the report, file tariffs r storing an equalization of the raf s from important producing states to portact producing regions. I ILL CDALSTMERS t ORDERED TO RESUW1E OPERATIONS MOBOf Republican A. P. Leased Wire j SPRINGFIELD, 111.. July 31. With out awaiting the order ot Internatlof: ;1 President John E. Lewis to reach h. 80,000 striking miners in Illinois, Stt President Frank Farrirgton today Or dered the men to return to work Mrji 'day.' ! ' The strike ends with a great victor;. for Illinois miners." he said. "T! -pledge of President Wilson tiiat a sch.t -commission will be called and w;!-i -inequalities adjusted, satisfies ft; miners' demands." The striUe has been in effect aM'ii two week.-: in must pectionf., and at Wi ; r a w eek in all riiities idle. Icmnnds; more ay fr "shift men" wife ; caur-c. ' Word thai the strike yis to b tiJ- w as 'use.. -' lied v M'-. Far r: 4! e ri 5 s i ! -coretary of Tja'ior Wilson. 4 I The strike, according to infnrni.'i'l v nvailnh;. her". sefir;isly cut into I- i irscrvv coal supols Jxt Jlliaii ? - 1- II i! ft .- . 4 , .' t f r 4 . -. ; - .