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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, October 20, 1920, Image 1

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ARIZONA R
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSSVE JOURNAL
THIRTY-FIRST YEAR
TBTLI
20 TAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY MUKNLNli, UUTU-bbK ZU, ivzv. zu ivvj-lo x., .
i
I
BRITISH
CHINS S TO
HIKE AT 1! SETTLEMENT
FOR GOAL STRIKE
Tl
CONSIDER
lire
Ef 0 ART RAISE
Charge Governor
Cox Made Effort
To Trap Harding
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
MARION. Ohio. Oct. 19. An unsuc
cessful attempt by Governor Cox to
trap Senator Harding was charged in
a statement issued from Harding
headquarters tonight in response to
suggestions by the Democratic nomi
nee that Mr. Harding had conferred
with Maurice de Kobra, a French jour
nalist, regarding the French attitude
toward the league of nations.
The statement, issued over the sig
nature of Judson C "Welliver, head
quarters director of publicity, said
T- .- T r T?1r,:, TTnnmnlmtnonf QomP that Senator Harding never had heard
itUUUl-l uxuyu UCUI&U a-.a-ji4-.u-3 uiiuuiuju.v.nv of De Kobra until today, although the
Km !- Airirr 'RiiiIHtnrr nf Now Rvstrm Of Knaril ArOUnd latter had made an unsuccessful ef-
UU1UIUU1I1. A'UiUllll. V ' " v - I - . . . , . T..,l: - i : 1 .
London Willinc To Consider Wage Increase If it Friday, it was asserted further that
Means Larger Output
Republican A. P. Lasted Wire
LONDON, Oct. 19. The house of
Momoni tonight discussed the coal
strike with great moderation And an
absence of vlndlctlvenesa. but without
arriving at a nearer prospect of a set
tlement. Premier Lloyd George ex
plained his unemployment scheme as
he outlined It yesterday to a deputa
tion which visited him. but added little
to his previous statement except that
the scheme would embrace the buiMing
of new arterial roads around Ixindon,
The premier contributed nothing to
the coal discussion, which was largely
confined to the labor members. The
Utter emphasized the urgency of ar
riving at a settlement before the dis
pute grew to graver proportions.
William Brace, labor member for the
Abertlllery division or Monmouthshire
and president of the South Wales Min
ers' federation, suggested that the two
shillings the miners demanded should
be granted temporarily, pending the
creation of a permanent wage board
and the whole matter reviewed by the
end of the year. He asserted there was
evidence that the miner had purpose
ly restricted tho output and declared
that if t was to be a fight to a finish
very man must be withdrawn from
the mines regardless of the damage
ind loss Involved.
James Henry Thomas of the Na
tional Union of Rallwaymen. support
ing Mr. Trace's suggestion, said It was
no secret that 17 days ago a special
meotinff of the railway delegates de-
ririori iiv oniv one vote not to strike
rnrthniih urter he had made the ut
most efforts In favor of peace. He
hearsed tho house not to minimize the
danger, but to remember that the same
people were meeting tomorrow and
that the spirit of the workers was such
tfcat avert if thev felt a mistake had
mtAm there. existed a feeling of
xnmrartoahin which drew them to
gether.
Cabinet Convsnss
After Mr. Brace's speech a cabinet
council was held to consider the situa
tion. Hence It was late when Premier
Lloyd George rose to reply. egan
by complimenting the house on the
moderation and absence of bitterness
th which the nuestion had been dis
cussed. He -their referred to Mr.
d .rpt!nn which, he com
plained, was in many respects obscure,
n !(! tf a settlement was to be at-
talned It must be on something more
definite, which would not merely post
iu riiannre to the future and sow
the seeds of further trouble, not only
in the mining but In every mn.-r i"
.1 1 1 sit rv
n.vu.-tn the history of the dispute
..... t -: - f fka
the premier retfratca ine ut-aire .
Transport Men
May Join With
M ine Strikers
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
LONDON. Oct. 19 There were no
new developments today In ttie coal
strike which began last Saturday. In
all the coal regions where the men
have laid down their tools, order was
maintained by the strikers.
One feature of the situation which
bore possibilities of a widening of the
strike was the prospect of the Z5,ooo
London commercial road transport
men ceasing work. The men on Sat
urday night passed a resolution declar
ing themselves as fully supporting the
miners. A conference was to have
been held today to take final action
on this resolution, but the meeting was
adjourned until tomorrow.
Meantime orders have been Issued to
branches of the union throughout the
country to have their strike organiza
tions prepared. Should the transport
workers in all parts of the country
walk out It Is estimated that 180,000
men would be Involved.
By an agreement between the board
of trade and the Jockey club, all horse
racing Is to be suspended for the dura
tion of the coal miners' strike.
Announcement was made tonight of
the suspension of the sailings of near
ly all the passenger steamers between
England and Ireland. Exception is to
be made in the cases of vessels carry
ing the mails. The railroads also are
beginning to restrict their passenger
service.
It is reported tonight that in the
Mlddlesboro iron district nearly 10,000
workmen have been rendered idle in
the iron and dependent Industries as a
result of the coal strike.
o
Elihu Poot Blames Wilson for
U. S. Failure to Ratify Treaty
De Kobra. who said he had been trav
eling with the Cox party, "was evi
dently expected bv Governor Cox to
secure an interview with Senator
Harding and to say certain things
to him."
"Therefore." continued the state
ment. "when Senator Harding on the
next day at Greencastle. Ind.. made his
casual observation about France hav
ing sent a spokesman to him informal
lVrf Governor Cox assumed that the
De Kobra mission bad been successful
and that Senator Harding had taken
the bait."
Senator Harding himself declined to
discuss the governor's references to
De Kobra or to say anything further
in regard to his utterance at Green
castle. He Indicated that with his re
ply to President Wilson's letter on the
subject last night he was inclined to
regard tho incident as closed and that
he did not Intend to reveal the identi
ty of his informants or anv other de
tails of tho "informal" advices he re
ceived from them.
Senator Harding will leave at 7:30
o'clock tomorrow morning on his last
speaking trip outside hia own state.
Traveling on a special train, he will
reach Jackson. Ohio, in time to make
an afternoon speech at a Republican
barbecue there, and on the following
day will speak at Rochester -and Buf
falo. N. Y.
o
MKo. rtiUTti oA Y S mil eniu'e nETEDMIMATMM
WOMAN AND MAN w lL0 0 UZ"
killed denton W FORCE LEAGUE WI1HUU1
ANY CHANGES PREVENTING
RATIFICATION, ROOT SAYS
ATLANTA BANKER
SAKS SOUTH NOT
SHORT OF FUNDS
A , , ft'fj l d i i
t ;' - - -
x'-.h-ry,' I : i,
L -' n- .. -if-.'- h ,
W X -xaf-- ' A:-
LEADING AMERICAN STATESMAN SAYS
LEAGUE OF NATIONS ACCEPTABLE
' ONLY WITH RESERVATIONS; SAYS
EUROPE CONTENT TO MAKE CHANGE.
Republican A. P. Leased Wire i thrust aside tne wnoie sysiein -NEW
YORK. Oct. 19.-Elihu Root, velopment of JnterwUonal law and ot
naiffn. tonieht declared that tne treaty uuuijr seuwauuuo
.!mf.wia ';, woiri have the treatment of Questions of right as
well as questions of policy upon w
eiy Teeim
Mr. and Mrs. Peete and daughter Betty protographed a few days prior to
her leaving Denver for Los Anngeles to report to the district attorney her
knowledge of the Denton affair.
GOMMEHGE SEC.
SAYS HAHDING IS
UNFAIR TO TRADE
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON. Oct. 19. Acting
government to listen to all arguments. Secretary Sweet of the department ofthe Producer-customers will be taken
Republican A. P. Leased Wire!
WASHINGTON, Oct. 19 Discussion
of federal taxation revision and finan
cial relief for the agricultural inter
ests was pressed to the fore today be
fore the convention of the American
Bankers' association. Suggested
changes in tax laws, however, were in
definite although some of them prob- i
ably will be dealt with in resolutions
to be considered Thursday.
Secretary Meredith's speech pleading
for a square deal for farmers by the
banking interests opened the way for
several informal meetings by rural
bankers. While none of these crys
talized into a settled plan, representa
tives of bankers in the cotton states
decided upon a general mass meeting
for tomorrow night at w hlch their
particular difficulties and those 1 of J
Republican A. P Leased Wire
LOS ANGELES, Oct. 10 A
woman and a man killed Jacob C.
Denton, wealthy mining promoter, (
June 2, last, after the woman had
been shot in the shoulder by Den
ton as he sat with this woman at
breakfast, according to a story
Mrs. R. C. Peete of Denver, Colo,
told the deputy district attorney
here today.
"Definite action is expected from
the Los Angeles county grand jury
Thursday when it resumes its in
vestigation of Denton's death W.
C. Doran, chief deputy district at
torney announced In a statement
tonight.
Mrs. Peete, formerly a tenant, or
housekeeper, in the Denton home,
, where his body was found buried
in a cellar September 23, said the
woman she involves in Denton's
death, and the mining man quar
reled throughout the night on June
1, according to the deputy prose
cutors. White Denton and the
woman were seated at breakfast,
according to the version of Mrs.
Peete's story made public, he shot
the woman in the shoulder and
then left the house.
In Denton's absence, Mrs. Peete
said, the woman telephoned a man
who hurriedly came to the Denton
home. Denton returned an hour
later, she said, and at about 5
o'clock that morning the woman
and man killed him, binding him
and hiding the body in the cellar
crypt, where it was later found.
No further details of the occur
ences alleged were made publio nor
was the motive which caused the
purported quarrel between the
woman and Denton.
II- rnnlnni Pil tnal any B-H":i'..
whoul.l Include some Inducement to in
t, ontniit and lengthily crltl-
m t- iirai's'i Huegestions. He
thaVtf at tho end of the year
i. found the output had not been
Increased and nn attempt was made to
withdraw the increase in wages there
would be another strike.
The government was not enuiiea to
commerce made public tonight a let
ter he has addressed to Senator Hard
ing, charging the Republican presiden
tial nominee with having made "gross
ly erroneous statements" concerning
the department.
Mr. Sweet cited extracts from a
speech made by Senator Harding at appeared to be no hope for help from
5i. iwouis uci. jo xo me eiiect mat me me government.. He Buggeeted the
up.
Robert Maddox, Atlanta banker, de
clared that the South was not "nearly
so DrtJke as It has been made to ap
pear.-
Mr. Maddox, however, said he ap
preciated the situation, said to be fac
ing the cotton growers and that there
country In suspense all that overnment had indulged in "too much formation of a great cotton export cor-
tV. The covernment sincerely de- 'ng in r.urope ana too mue oi porauon proposed for the southern
. .7 f?n i n issue to the dispute trad co-operation with Latin Amer- states by Governor Harding of the fed-
Znd was prepared to' exam.ne C ,U SlT S?1 "3 U
ana w i w to extend to its industrial and com- this seemed to be the onlv nrnotinai a
orwrne tivins in inuv-.u. m.,.. .ni.,n,i. .,.v,i ut- ,- .oi,, " '
SARCASTIC ATTACK
ON HARDING MADE
BY GOVERNOR CO
ir,rr.nn1 remuneration
At the conclusion of the premier's
neech. n discussion ensued Detwen air
IJoyd George and labor leaders on
William Adamson's proposal that the
sovernment summon a meeting of the
miners' executive and coal owners.
Advocate New Conference
Arthur Henderson, who was chair
man of the labor party In the commons
for several years, thought the premier
could not have a more favorable mo
ment for bringing the parties together
aialn. Mr. 1-loyd (leorge replied that
he wanted to consult his colleagues
and did not desire another rrematuro
conference.
TVi oarllamentary debate on the
coal strike tonight, although it dlsap
pointed hopes of any Immediate settle-
m.ni of tho Ulfuute nevrrtneiess
otving to Us extreme moderation anl
the conciliatory tone or me premiers
speech hss left much higher sprospee.ts
that a settlement will be reached before
long. , ,
The premier especially emphasized
that no question oi amour propre
would prevent the government from
1 onrstly, fearlessly an,d sincerely ex
amining any prolect promising a set
tlement having due regard for public
Interest and he expressed perfect will
ingness to consider increased remuner
ation for the miners provided it meant
a larger output
While the cnMnet was discussing the
suggestion of William Brace that the
two shillings demanded by the miners
should be granted pemling tho creation
of a permanent wag hoard and the
matter reviewed by the id of the
year, the labor members of parliament
held an important conference in the
committee room of the house, Mr.
Trace and other members identified
mlth the mining industry attending.
and Ihere is a general belief tonight
that negotiations will speedily be re
sumed.
. o 1 -
ROCKEFELLER HEALTH
INSTITUTE REPORTS
NKW YOttK, Oct. 13 The Interna
tional health board of tho Hockefeller
foundation tonight mad public the
third installment of Its annual report
deahr.g with its efforts during 1919 to
control hookworm ilistnse ami malaria.
Progress wn r'port'l in the work of
Mmlt;itMrg bookworm in 12 southern
xt.ites. the par Hast, Vtst Indies, Cen
tral AmerWa and p.iail.
Knrourauoment was also obtained In
reports on work for contiol of nialarti
t'V preventing inniii let 1. reeding in
f I r Arkansas mv p
Tie- rport H 1 11 11, it n opera 1 1 vr
n oi U in toil ilia eo'Mi'il w.ts proposed
fr 4 1 ton ii v Hit ai . i ri c 1 1 e pop?t
!.,tnn of 1 '.'.?, . i l:i a; I'l-aitia. I.ouis
Um M..-is.pii. ."it:i Carolln.i,
r-on'h t'.ii'v.ra. x !! Virgiiiia.
ness.
sectional group. Joined with members
of the section from New York in
adopting a resolution urging changes
in the savings bank laws of that state
to permit the free purchase of rail
road securities by such banks.
o
encouragement ana support which has ine tax question came up in the
Dcen given Urltisn industries by the sectional meeting of the trust com-
Lritlsh government." I pany bankers where Lynn V. Dinkins,
n may surprise you," Mr. Sweet wew Orleans, president of the irroun.
saiu in nis leuer, - ana ix certainly saia ne Deuevea Dresent tA hn
win surprise those who heard or read I placed a handicap on commercial nio-
ybur statements and place reliance I neering and acted as a brake on busi-
upon them to learn that our Latin
American trade at the beginning of
the Kuropean war was considerably
greater than that of Great Britain."
The acting secretary placed the total
trade of the United States with Latiu
America during 1911-13 at $2,361.
088,000, and the trade of Great Britain
at $1,839,656,000.
"in the year 1919 our exports to
Latin American countries amounted to
$9S7,350.000." the letter continued.
"Great Britain exports amounted to
$263,973,000.
"In all this there is no indication of
superior British foreign trade meth
ods, and you are slandering both your
government and the energetic business
men, especially our manufacturers and
exporters, whose fine co-operation with
the department of commerce and ef
ficiency have overcome handicaps."
Mr. Sweet said the present admin
istration had inaugurated new meth
ods and sent abroad commercial at
taches, and that the Argentine govern
ment had indicated a desire to adopt
tho methods of the United States in
encouraging trade, because after in
vestigation, it had found them su
perior to those of other countries.
o -,
MacSWINEY'S CONDITION WORSE
LONDON. Oct. 19. A bulletin issued
at 9 p. m. by the Irish Self-determination
league says:
Lord Mayor MacSwiney passed a
restless day. The doctor again was
summoned and urged him strongly to
BOSTON, Oct. 19. Scathing attacks
pon Senator Lodge of Massachusetts I
nd sarcastic criticism of Senator
Harding were made today by Governor
Cox during his New England tour, em
bracing Massachusetts and New
Hampshire cities, and ending with a
large meeting tonight on Boston
common.
Here, as well as to other audiences i
today, the Democratic candidate de
nounced Senator Lodge as the "arch
Savings bankers who met also as a I conspirator of the aces" beeause of his
Gil HI SCI
PRIGES II DROP
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
WASHINGTON, Oct. 19. Reduction
in bituminous coal prices will be con
sidered by mine owners in Cleveland
Oct. 26, at a meeting called today by
me isauonai oal association at the
suggestion of Attorney General Palmer.
Mr. Jfaimer's suggestion carried the as
surance, the association's announce
ment said, that any action toward re
duction of high prices and elimination
of profiteering would not be construed
under the Lever act as an Infringement
of the law.
Col. D. B. Wentz, president of the
association, promised to place the sug
gestion before operators, and in order
that it might be fully considered, J. D.
A. Morrow, vice president of tht asso
take lime Juice against scurvy. This ciation, urging all of the 7000 soft coal
led to an altercation which excited the I operators of the country to attend.
patient and left him exhausted, but to
night he was more settled and his con
dition was unchanged.
n-
SUPREME COURT
UPHOLDS GOTHAM
NEW RENT LAWS
NEW YORK, Oct. 19 Supreme
Court Justice Edward R. Finch, in
the Bronx, today handed down a
decision holding that New York's
new rent laws are constitutional.
He said that protection of homes
is within the police power of the
state when a public emergency
e its.
The decision was reached in an
ejection proceeding brought by a
landlord who desired use of Ins
premises upon which the lease ex
pired October 1.
ine attorney general, tne an
nouncement saul, "has assured Colone
Wentz that action to reduce his;h prices
for bituminous coal and to eliminate
profiteering, us construed under the
Lever act, if taken without infringing
certain limitations which he will com
municate to Colonel Wentz, and t he
necessary discussion thereon by the
bituminous coal operators attending
the meeting, will not be in violation
of the Sherman act or any other law."
WOMEN'S FARM
CONGRESS OPENS
SALT LA K K CITY, Oct. 19 With
delegates from various sections of the
United States in attendance the tenth
annual con vent ion of the American
Women's National Uarm congress con
vened here today.
The convention will continue in sos-
I sion edncHday aiul Thursday. Mr.;.
! Fannie M. Klinck of Clarksvillc. Iowa.
I presided at the opening session today."! to have said that the senator
fight against the league of nations.
Reiterating that Mr. lodge heatled "a
conspiracy to strangle the treaty to
death" through the "round robin."
Governor Cox urged his Boston au
dience to "repudiate Mr. Lodge's lead
ership and retire him to private life
as soon as possible. To his New Hamp
shire audience Governor Cox urged de
feat of Senator Moses. Republican, be
cause he signed the "round robin."
Senator Harding was heaped with
sarcasm and ridicule by Governor Cox
In virtually every address of the day
with the incident between the presi
dent and the senator, regarding the
latter's statement of French overtures
for a new association of nations as
the basis.
Ttaniti-nir Mr. TTardine's exnlanation
of his Des Moines speech, "rejecting" I tne
the league. Governor Cox added:
"He must think the American peo
pie very stupid. He continues to say
that they don't understand him."
Cox Grows Sarcastic
Kxpressing belief that a French au
tVinr nd humorist was Senator Hard
ing's source of information regarding
French sentiment upon a new asso
ciation of nations,' and commenting
upon Senator Harding's letter to Presi
dent Wilson. Governor cox said ear
castically:
"Poor Senator Harding has been
misunderstood again. It is a pathetic
thing that he suffers so much from
the dullness of the American people,
including newspaper editors and lead
ers among partisans and opponents
Governor Cox' address tonight made
a total or 10 sneecnes uenverea loaay.
The governor's denunciation of Sen
ntor Harding was followed by hissing
from his audience at Concord and
Ma nchoster.
Stating that Governor Coolidgo had
introduced Senator Lodge in Boston
as "famous everywhere," Governor
Cox continued
"I have Just completed a pilgrimage
from the Atlantic to the Pacific and
back again. I can testify to the truth
of the governor's statement. Senator
Lodge must be known to every man
and woman in every city and village
in the land, for whenever I mentioned
his name it has been recognized and
greeted, not with cheers, but jeers: not
with applause, but hisses, and loud
et ies of 'Shame, shame.'
".Tudcing from this continuously re
pcited e xperience. I should be disposed
to sucgtjst, even to a Boston audience.
that it would have been more accurate
is 'no
torious everywhere; rather than that
he is 'famous everywhere.'
"Why have the people risen in con
demnation of Senator Lodge? The rea
son is clear. Our people are quick to
recognize inslncerelty. Reiterating
that President Wilson, before return
ing to Paris in Marcht 1918, had con
ferred with senate and house foreign
affairs committees and approved
league covenant changes. Governor
Cox said that Senator Lodge formed
"the base conspiracy to stab the treaty
in the back."
"But even before the president had
a chance to return to Paris," the gov
ernor continued, "the base conspiracy
and the infamous round robin was
under way and the nefarious pledge
had been made to strangle the treaty
to death. From that dark day until
now no means have been too vile to
employ to trammel American opinion
and betray the confidence of the elec
torate. And Lodge s leadership was
made possible only by the vote of
Truman II. Newbury now under con
viction in the senate of Michigaji for
having purchased his seat in the sen
ate.
Malicious falsehoods have been
scattered like autumn leaves and the
hypocrisy of Lodge himself, is one of
outstanding black events In
Amerlcaa history. In the light of his
earlier recorded pronouncements he
has been forced to stultify himself
over and over again. He has libelled
and slandered no man more than him
self. He is supporting a candidate
who voted for the Knox resolution for
a separate peace' with Germany, and
who has since publicly advocated the
same unworthy act."
Citing Senator Lodge's statements
In 1918 against a separate peace and
the senator's Union college ' address
for world peace. Governor Cox said:
In view of the present attitude of
Senator Lodge, as the acknowledged
leader of treaty wreckers, it is cer
tain that he has neither honesty of
purpose nor sincerity of mind. It is
up to the state of Massachusetts right
now to repudiate his leadership and
at the earliest possible moment retire
him forever to private life
Remaining here over night. Governor
Cox will have New England for his
battle ground again tomorrow.
o
COURT RULES CITY
LIQUOR LAWS VOID
SEATTLE, Oct. 19. Federal Judge
Neterer, who, in a decision yesterday
held that persons tried in state courts
for violation of the liquor laws may
not again be tried in federal courts,
today amplified that decision by the
statement that city liquor laws are
practically null and void under the
application of the federal statutes and
that the city police dry squad here is
operating without authority. Judge
Peterer said that under supreme court
findings only deputy sheriffs and fod
eral prohibition agents are authorized
agents of the enforcement of the pro
hibition act.
of rvpace with Germany wouia
been ratified, and America would have
been a member of the league if Presi
dent Wilson "had been willing.
"Mr. Wilson, however, was not will
ing. He insisted upon the treaty ab
solutely unchanged," Mr. Root said,
adding later on in his speech:
"I do not Question Mr. Wilson's be
lief that the disposition of the treaty
for which he was contending on May
31, 1919, was Just and lair, put, wun
out dlsresnect. I do question Mr. Wil
son's infallibility; I do question the
complete control of abstract Justice in
the processes by which the four men
who dictated those treaties, wnicn un
dertook to make over eastern Europe,
reached their conclusions.
"I have an impression that there
was the accommodation ot conflicting
interests, the giving of something here
to get something there; the yielding of
some things in order to avoid losing
others, the shading or Justice oy ex
Dediencv which has characterized such
conferences since history began. I have
a strong impression that some of their
conclusions were mistakes,
"And I think It most objectionable
that the American people shall enter
into a solemn and positive agreement
to guarantee and maintain by force
of arms for all time the dispositions
of territory and sovereignty which
these four men made In the year 1919.
"That is a part of what Article 10
undertakes to do. It is an alliance to
enforce r-eroetually through the op
erations of the league tho decisions of
Mr. Wilson and his associates in the
vear 1919. It is a throw-back to the
old discredited alliances of the past. It
sneaks a language of power, and not
the spirit of progress. It is an attempt
to do what the holy alliance sought
100 vears ago (with Just as noble ex
pressions of purpose) to impose by
force the Judgment of the rulers of the
present generation upon all future gen
erations.
Wants World Peace
Mr. Root declared that "we shall
promote the peace of the world" by
electing Senator Harding, Republican
candidate for president, whose stand
on the league, he said, was unchanged
from the time he voted for ratification
of the peace treaty and league of na
tions with the senate reservations. The
election of Governor Cox. Democratic
presidential nominee, he said, meant
the effort to have the United States
loin the league of nations without
change as It was brought bacjc from
Europe bv President W ilson
After restating the situation of the
league. Mr. Root declared that it was
well understood in 1919. and "is well
understood now. that the other parties
to the treaty would have been content
to accept" the senate reservations,
orliUnar:
"Several European nations aireaay
have elven notice of half a dozen
changes in the covenant which they
propose to urge at a meeting of the
assembly of the league next month.
The only reason why the changes
necessary to meet American objections
have not already been considered Is
that Mr. Wilson simply would not ne-
aolate for them."
At the outset of his address, Mr.
Root said:
American People Favor Plan
1 think a large majority of the
American people earnestly wish for an
organization among the civilized na
tions, through which the nations shall
co-ooerate to prevent future wars pnd
that the United States shall do her
full share in that organization. I cer
tainly desire this very strongly."
The plan of the league of nations
relied upon the effect of four things
r taken together to prevent war, Mr
Root asserted:
"First, upon delay to afford time for
investigation and for passions to cool,
and sober judgment to prevail.
"Second, upon having the facts as
certained and determined and made
public to all the world, so that the
misunderstandings deceptions under
which the people of a country are so
often led to consent to war may be
obviated.
"Third, upon having a fairly repre-
senatlve body not a party to the dis
pute express publicly a responsible
and matured op'.nion as to how the
controversy ought to be settled, and
thus bring to bear upon the action of
the parties the well informed opinion
of the civilized world.
"Fourth, if any party to the agree
ment were to violate it by making war
without the stipulated delays neces
sary for arbitration or investigation
and report, or were to make war in
violation of the unanimous opinion of
the other nations, then upon the prac
tical outlawry of that party from the
advantages of trade, commerce and
customary intercourse with the mem
bers of the society of nations, with all
the consequences flowing from 6uch an
outlawry."
Principal League Objections
The principal objections to the
league, Mr. Root said, "may be rough
ly classified as follows:
First, objections to the general de
fensive alliance with all members of
the league, established by Article X.
Second, objections to submitting to
the council of the league questions of
purely American policy, such as the
Monroe doctrine, or questions of immi
gration upon which the European
countries approaching that subject
from an entirely different point of
view and with opposing or different
interests would almost necessarily dif
fer from the American policy.
Third, that U:e 6cij?ia practally
council, which would be composed not
of Judges, but of diplomatic repre
sentatives of the powers.
"Fourth, that the scheme created a
super-government which would ae
stroy the independence of the United
States.
"Fifth, that the working of the plan
under the covenant was not so ar
ranged as to articulate with the con
stitutional government ot me uniiea
States: that under it the president
alone could practically carry on the
entire foreign affairs of the United
States by agents of his own selection
to the practical exclusion of the pop
ular branch of our government."
Mr. Wilson in "being unwilling to
accept reservations" to tne peace
treaty and league of naltona, has left
us "practically where we stand toaay,
Mr. Root said.
Cox Follows Wilson
Mr. Cox declares," he continued,
"that he will insist upon the treaty
Just as Mr. Wilson negotiated it, and
upon that understanding Mr. Wilson
is supporting Mr. Cox for the presi
dency. The Democratic platform says
substantially the came thing.
"On the other hand, Mr. Harding,
who voted for the ratification of the
treaty with the senate reservations.
declares that he would do it again
under the same circumstances."
Mr. Root said it is plain that the
Issue Is not between a league of na
tions and no league of nations. "The
question Is whether the agreement
creating the league shall De accepted
absolutely unchanged, or shall be
modified to meet the American objec
tions. .... I would be glad to have
the provisions of .the agreement
changed so as to obviate these ot jec- '
tions. Then would follow ah ordinary
common sense negotiation as to the
best way to obviate the objections.
Regarding this process I have to say:
First, I think the American ob
jections can be met and obviated with
out Interfering with the scheme of the
league or impairing its usefulness.
"Second, without pretending to anv
special knowledge, I think there are
clear indications that the other na
tions concerned are willing to make
such changes as are necessary to
meet the American objections.
ihird. I think the objections ought
to bo met and obviated. The cove
nant contains some provisions which
are unnecessary, unwise and injurious,
and they ought to be changed.
fourth, there is nothing unusual or
distressing about negotiating the
necessary changes. If the other oar-
ties are willing ... as they Beem to be
. . . it will be a simple matter."
o
f SCOTT C. BONE SAYS f
I HARDING WILL WIN I
I IN THIRTY STATES I
NEW YORK, Oct. 19. At least
30 states will be carried by Hard
ing and Coolidge in the November
election, Scott C. Bone, director of
publicity of the Republican na
tional committee, predicted today.
"There is a possibility that the
number will reach 35," Mr. Bone
said. "This means that the Re
publicans will carry all the north
and break into the sout'-."
How Many Rats
Do You Feed?
There are more rats than human
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or three of these pests. They are
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It costs the United States $200.
000,000 a year to feed its rat popu
lation. In return for our hospitality they
waste our substance, bring us a
choice assortment of diseases, and
scatter filth.
We do little to combat them.
Haphazard trapping and poisoning
are not effective. The war against
them must be systematic, organized,
scientific.
The Department of Agriculture
has made an exhaustive study of
this subject and has printed the
results in a 24-page booklet with
illustrations.
Send for this authoritative bulle
tin and learn how to get rid of these
annoying and destructive pests.
There is no charge except two
cents in stamps for return postage.
(In filling out the coupon print
name and address or bo sure to
write plailnly.)
Frederic J. Haskin. Director,
The Arizona TtepubTican
Information Bureau,
Washington, D. C.
I enclose herewith two cent in
stamps for return postage ca a
free copy of the Rat Booklet.
Name ...
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