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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, November 22, 1920, Image 4

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PAGE FOUR
THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 22, 1920
1
1-
I
THE. ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
v.. rHttN'IX. ARIZONA
AolSJ':y''ry Mi!n by the
tntered .J,zoA PUBLISHING COM PANT
rea the Postoffice at Phoenix. Arizona. as Ma
Matter of tb Second Class
rIt.-i.ntn', Publisher Dwl(bt B. HearO
Bm7i-Mn"'r Charles A. Btauffet
KT. " Mneer W. W Knorp
i tor- J. W. Spear
Editor .....E. A. Touag
SUBSCRIPTION RATES IN ADVA-NOB
Dally ami Sunday
OUTSIDE STATE OF ARIZONA On year 113.00;
, mos, 18.75; s mo8f ,3 50. j m0 $125
IN ARIZONA BY MAIL, OR CARRIER On year.
$$.00; 6 moa., $4.00; 3 moa $2.00; 1 mo, 75c
SUNDAY EDITION by mail only $5.00 per year.
PVir 4111 Private Branch Exchange
UUUC tOOl Connecting All Departments
General Adverting Representatives; Robert E. War.
Rrunswlrlc Bid.. New Tork. Mstlere Bldg.. Chicago;
w. R. Bnrranger. Kxamlner Bldg. San Francisco.
Poet Intelligencer Bldg.. Seattle. Tlu inauraac
ldK.. Los Angel ea , j
MEMBERS OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Receiving Full Night Report, by Leased Wlr
ana Associated Press Is exclusively entitled to tha us to
re-publication of all nawa dlapatches credited to
or not otherwise credited In thla paper and alao
! local news published herein.
t Ail rights of re-publication of special dispatches herU
. are also reserved.
i
MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 22, 1920
If you atop to find out what your wages will be
And how they will cloth you and faad you,
Willi, my son, don't you go on th Sea,
For th 6a will naver need you.
V
If you aak for th raon f avery oormnand,
And argu with th popi about you,
Willi, my son, don" you g on th Land.
Fr th Land wTII b bttr without you.
If yon tp to en!dr th work ya hv dsn,
And boaat what your labor I worth, daar,
Angola may com for you, Willie, my aon.
But you'll nevsr b wanted on Earth, daar.
From Viaion.
Mr. LodoVe Lagu of Nation
W ax not quit sur what Senator Lodge mean
' when, h aays that th Wilson league 1 dead. If ho
mean that th covenant of th league, aa it was
j brought from Paris Is dead, h Is speaking by th
; iDOok. It died a year ago beyond hope of resurrection.
' j Elsewher In. bis remarks, th senator affirms
that th peopl by & majority of nearly seven mil- .
lions affirmed th action of th senate In th destrue
tlon of th Wilson league. Now her Is something
that is not plain. It is true that th senate first de-
stroyed the Wilson league by th adoption of the four-
teen Lodge reservations. Next, the senate rejected
" tjh covenant as so amended. There voted for the final
. Rejection, members who had with som enthusiasm
supported the Lodge reservations wnicn would nave
left us members of "a" league, and there alsokvoted
i for rejection a large number of Democratic senators
who had supported "the league.
'; Now we do not quite know which action of th
' senate It was that the people have affirmed by such
i a tremendous majority. As a matter of fact, we do
not believe that all of th million who voted, or for
j that matter, a majority of them really voted on this
issue at all. They had other reasons for casting their
; totes. Th result would hav been the same If this
Issue had not been presented, though no doubt It was
'a factor In making up the great Republican majority.
W Infer from Senator Lodge's remarks that ha
has in mind a league somewhat different from such.
' a league as we would have entered If the covenant
J with the Lodge reservations had been ratified. The
I conditions on which the senator would enter hav
' been changed by changing events In Europ and th
i world. Th world being In a state of flux, befor th
senator would enter under any conditions he would
not fix the terms until- some measure of placidity has
been restored.
t 1
In reply to the charges during th campaign that
Mr. Harding's utterances on the subject of th league
r were vague and uncertain; that he was at no tun
, definite as to the kind of league or alliance he would
favor; that he was occupying a shadowy plac,e be-
'tween, the reservatlonlsts and the irreconcllables, It
.was stated that he was necessarily uncertain; that
conditions had so changed In Europe since the cove
nant was adopted that it was, at best, a basts for a
new agreement and that its value as a basis even,
was subject to depreciation in the kaleidoscopic
' movement of events in Europe. .
I' But, certainly, something, at least, of the cove-
nant can b salvaged. We cannot, with "a decent '
respect for the opinions of mankind" such aa the Dec
laration of Independence enjoins, and especially a
; proper degree of respect for the opinions of the
I thirty-on nations which have already accepted th
i, covenant and are now represented at the Geneva
'meeting. insist upon the demolition of the whoj
structure.
;J- Undoubtedly the league as it now exists would
' 'readily consent. In order to secure our membership,
to such changes as we might request to secure our
Integrity and our freedom from a greater share of
:(th world's burdens than we ought to bear. Changes
.have already been proposed by member nations to
.' 'meet conditions which have altered or which were not
iglven consideration in the confusion at Versailles.
';. , A Childish Proposal
' ! . To refuse Senator Fall a passport to visit Mexico
City to be present at the inauguration of President
elect Obregon does not seem a very tactful thing, but
i an exceedingly childish one, entirely unworthy of
'.'such a government as w have been led to hope the
present Mexican government is. The refusal to per
i mlt his passports to be vised could have no other mo
' ,tive than spite and could not possibly contribute to
the stability of the Mexican government. The exclu
sion of undesirable persons from any country Is a
precaution suggested by some danger of injury from
.their presence. Senator Fall would be in no position
,'to injur Mexico by reason of his admission to that
; country, but we can easily see how as a member of
' -th United States senate and of the senate commlt
s te on foreign relations, enjoying the friendship of
: the next administration, he could in Washington be
; a serious obstacle to Mexican hopes and ambitions.
!- It is charged against Senator Fall that he was a
' stickler for Intervention in Mexico. In that he was
i not alone. A very large majority of his countrymen
along the border favored intervention as they believed,
the only means of restoring order there, and of giv
Ing security to the country lying Immediately this
side of th border. Not many Americans favored a
'conquest of Mexico; they did not want the annexa
. "tion of any part of Mexico. Intervention to them was
only a means of self-defense.
If Senator Fall and others who thought as he did
differed from other so-called interventionists It was
In their reluctance to believe that the latest counter
revolution would be successful or that the govern
ment following it, would be more permanent and or
.Wrly. than those of Madero, Victoriano Huerta and
' Carranza had been.
Th j-e.t of us had Rreater faith in the provisional
government of de la Huerta and favored giving It a
triaL Mr. Fall opposed further delay and experi
mentation, and last summer his opinion found ex
pression in a senate resolution which was adopted,
almost directly advocating intervention.
We presume now that the senator has changed
his opinion with reference to the stability of the
new government; that if he was ever unfriendly to
it he is no longer so, otherwise he would not propose
to honor Obregon's inauguration with his presence.
Boiling Redinivus
Whether or not Boiling, the brother-in-law of
th president, was "in" on one of the many shipping
board deals, while occupying the position of treasurer
of the board, thla is not the first time Mr. Boiling's
name has been unfavorably mentioned in connection
with public affairs in which money has been involved.
There is yet remembered "that notorious "leak"
which occurred in the early days of 1917 when it was
not known what course this government would take
with respect to th war. There were certain gentle-
men, in Wall street very anxious for advance infor
mation. There would be millions In it There would
be a general derangement of stocks.
Th president knew what he was going to do;
his cabinet was presumed to know; his private sec
retary, and there may hav been a reasonable pre
sumption that nobody else knew. Certainly these
war enough to know.
In a few hours congress would know, but then,
vwybody would know. Th gentlemen in Wall street
would hav no advantag ovr anybody els. General
information, or, rather, common information la of no
special value to speculator. But somehow th Wall
street rantlamra learnsd before congress did.
At one a hunt was Instituted for th source of
th Heals."" There was an inevitable starting point,
th Whit House. It could be nowhere else. All pos
sible Information had been presumably enclosed
within th cabinet room. No one could suppose for
a moment that the president had given anything out
for th benefit of th speculators. Th members of
hi cabinet whatever may hav been prevailing pop
ular opinion regarding their official qualifications
' were gentlemen of such reputation and standing that
they could not b suspected of having Improperly
divulged such important Information.
Wher then was th 'leak?" It is not definitely
known to this day. A starting point could not be
found in Washington, though th leak was there. At
the sam tlm an effort was mad to trace it backward
from Wall street. A trail was found which seemed to
lead backward to a firm of brokers of which Mr. Boi
ling was a member. But th trail was not clear. At
any rat It was never definitely and publicly stated
that'thabrokerag house lay in the trail at all. Nor
was th hunt thereafter long maintained. The subject
was dropped in official circles. Of Mr. Boiling nothing
had been heard by the country previous to this inci
dent. His name was soon thereafter lost in the welter
5f events attending war preparation and perhaps it
would never have been recalled but for the investiga
tion of the affairs of th shipping board. '
And most of his countrymen are now learning for
th first time that h was th treasurer of that
organization.
St. George And The Flagon
Th Greek Jollification
It is well that th Greeks should giv joyful man
ifestation of their enthusiasm over th prospective
return of ConstantJn to b their king again. They
will probably hav no opportunity for Jollification
after his return. They ar as forehanded in this re
spect as a certain Irishman was taught by a painful
cxperlenc to be.
This Irishman was traversing a country road
when h saw a bull in an abutting field with his nos
to the ground, pawing th earth into th air and dis
turbing th countrysid with his bellowing.
After watching th animal a littl while, the Irish
man saw th possibility of a Joke to be played on the
buIL H had only to cross the fence, seize the bull
by th horns and Join bis nos into th dirt.
Tb proceeding seemed so funny that the Irish
man rolled on th ground and laughed. Then he
started in th execution of his Jok. He succeeded to
the extent of seizing th bull by th horns but only
to b tossed back over the fence among a lot of rocks
and brambles.
"Be Gorry," said he,, as he rubbed his lacerated
person, "It's a mighty fin thing I had me laugh
first"
Constantino has not yet been re-enthroned,
has not yet re-entered Greece.
He
- We rise- to Inquire at what date the twentyfour
hours given th Phoenix Street Railway company by
th commission last Monday, to make the Monroe
street crossings passable will expire. Or has a typo
graphical error been committed in the substitution of
"hours" for "weeks"?
General Wrangel is threatening to come back.
The soviet armies need to look out for according to
the dispatches the generals under Wrangel are aboard
ship at Constantinople, their breasts covered with
glittering insignia. All Is not lost so long as a warrior
can wear a decoration.
CHEER THE SPIDER
The be is held up as a model of industry and
virtue. 1
WhyT
Because it manufacture food which those who
praise the bee Ilk to eat
Th spider is condemned as a reprehensible crea
ture of malice and cruelty.
Why? '
Because it catches flies. ' Also It is noted that th
spider loses no tim in killing her husband. Th bee
does that too. But no one holds it against her. For
it is by killing off the drones that the bees are able
to store up so much food,
Stress is placed on the report that some spiders
bite. As If the bees do not sting! The stinging 1
' forgiven for sake of the honey of which the bees are
robbed.
Instead of being held up as a model of industry,
the bee more accurately might be ridiculed as a most
foolish Insect to work so hard laying up honey for
those who have no right to it
The spider's devotion to catching flies should not
be held against it. We want the flies swatted. Per
haps, when the Idea that it Is desirable to swat all
- flies becomes more firmly fixed, the spider-won't be
called cruel, but will b placed upon a pinnacle of
respectability, and will be hailed as a loving bene
factor of mankind.
Do all these plebiscites mean a lot of new stamp
Issues for albums?
Som day th hat in th ring may be a Paris
model.
A drummer returning from Canada with a loaded
grip might be called a bottle-scared hero.
Thousands of Chinese girls are being taken to
England to act as domestic -servants.
i ll W z- J VAC& F )
tV.. . n x u i i. ism jjj i &mir"Jtft''isfitlrtl'' 1 1
QUESTIONS AND
ANSWERS
FORTY YEARS AGO TOD A Y
From the Phoenix Herald, which was absorbed by The Arizona Re
publican in 4899, and for a time was published as
an evening edition
Monday, November 22, 1880
(The Telegraph wire in Thoenix,
forty years ago today evidently was
not open as the layman understands it,
and not closed in the language of oper
ators.) Local
The galjows are all made and ready
to put together. (The grammar of the
foregoing may be faulty but the gal
lows "wre" sufficient for the hanging
of the murderer of Thomas th follow
ing Friday.)
MeBsers. Frazier and Boone capital
ists arrived from Tucson.
That old Hassayamper, Dyrel Duppa
was on the street this forenoon.
The Woolsey estate has'- furnished
most of the legal business of the coun
ty for the last few months.
.A pumpkin "weighing SS pounds
raised by Charles Bazau Is to be seen
at Goldman's store.
A dwelling house belonging to John
Isaac was consumed by fire lst Friday.
Leo Goldman one of the enterpris
ing merchants of Pinal is in the city.
The different members of the legis
lature of this county are constantly in
receipt of letters soliciting clerkships.
(Same now.)
Louis Gazelle reports large quanti
ties of geese in the neighborhood of his
ranch and states that he has been
obliged to resow a, portion of his farm.
Charles Salarf receive a barrel of
win this morning. Th eampl that
will be presented to the Herald when
it is opend will be very fine. '
The different churches and Sunday
schools were well attended yesterday.
At the Union Sunday school the at
tendance was S3. We did not get the
number of the one held at the Method
ist church but quite a crowd was in
attendance.
Maricopa Charlie called at the Herald
office today and reported that under
standing that President Hayes was in
town he had-come to visit him. He
says that his daughter is very sick but
otherwise everything is all right at his
camp. He has 14 Indians taking
ditch out of Salt River and he expects
soon to have a flourishing settlement
on the banks of the Rio Salinas.
Due to the scarcity of men, young women of
Duisberg. Germany, are sending appeals to America
for husbands.
TWO YEARS AGO
An Account of the Events In One Sector of the Front During th Dsy
Just Preceding and Just Following the Armistice.
By Rolin W. Shaw, Formerly First Lieutenant, 11th Infantry
'A
Hi )
Rolin W. Shaw
The current issue of The Star and
Stripes, under thp caption "Let Your
Mind Wander Back Just Two Years,
gives three armistice pictures with the
following remarks:
"Two years ago November 11 the
world's greatest war came to an end.
To many of the men in the A. L. i
that meant little more than returning
home, but to the men u along the
Meuse and those hitting the Hinden
burg lin with the British and those
fighting in Belgium, it rteant a great
deal more. They couliL-rest on their
arms after days of hard fighting, often
hand-to-hand combat. To them thb
end meant a good night's rest without
the danger of an exploding H. E. or
counter attack by the Germans. Of
course the end of the war was an event
to every man and woman in the world.
almost, but it probably was more of an
event to the men who were doing the
fighting just at that time.
One of the pictures ehows the dough
boys tossing their tin hats in the air
at Remoivllle, 20 miles norm or ver
dun at 11 o'clock on the morning of
November 11, 1918, and it is an 11th In
fantry picture.
General Pershing in his official re
port to tha war department says
Between the 7th and 10th of Novem
ber the Third corps continued its ad
vance eastward to Remoivllle." In other
words Remoivllle was the farthest
point reached by any part of th Third
corps, but it was the 11th Infantry that
captured the town of Remoiville on tha
evening of November 9. The 11th In.
fantry was a part of the Fifth division
and the Fifth division was a part of
the Third corps. It was at Remaiville
that Lieutenant Frank Crofoot of Tuc
son, received wounds which caused his
death a wfek later. He had climbed in
church steeple for observation and
tho reflection of his field glass in the
sun drew macnin gun lire to me
teple.
The Fifth (Red Diamond) division
Meuse river on November 4 and 5, un
der heavy artillery and machine gun
fire, and the 11th Infantry during the
division's drive eastward from the river
had captured Liny, Fontaines, Mur-
vaux, Brandeville, Jametz, Louppy,
and Remoiville, losing 150 killed, 477
wounded and 27 gassed.
Murvoaux, between Dun-Sur-Meuse
and Remoiville, captured by the first
battalion on the morning of the 6th, is
where Frank Luke had been killed and
burried the latter part of September.
His grave was not discovered, however,
until after the armistice ' by other
troops.
The following description of the last
few days of the fighting of the Tenth
brigade (sixth and 11th Infantry) taken
from the division history will show why
the armistice meant so much to men In
the "line:"
"The men of the Red Diamond were
weary and hungry and worn by the ad
vance that had been so rapid as to
leave supplies far in the rear, by the
rough country that had confronted
them every step of the way since the
crossing of the river, by the rain that
seemed perpetuat-and by the cold of
early winter. Nevertheless, the men
were ready and eger for their next
mission. Ahead, reaching almost as
far as the eye could see from those
bluffs on which our outposts lay.
stretched the Forest de Woevre with
a host of smaller woods on its southern
limits. . . . Seven kilometers northeast
of Brandeville, past Bois Moncel and
Bois de Jametz, were the three towns
of Jametz, "Remoivllle and Louppy,
closely grouped on the Loison river.
Strong patrols pushed deep into the
enemy's territory all along our front
during the night of the 8th. to discover
whether or not the Germans were still
holding. The patrols of the 6th and the
11th found the boche still close in by
in Habessaux and Bois du Deffoy; but
parties from La Sentinelle and Bois de
Brandeville went past Bois de Murvaux,
three kilometers toward Brandeville,
without rmaing the enemy.
Colonel Peck took charge of a recon
nottering party of the 11th, consisting
of Company's E and G, to gain contact
with the enemy. Passing through Bois
de Murvaux unmolested the. detach-
men found and drove out scattered
remnants of the enemy from Bois de
Remoivllle. The signalman had carried
forward a telephone line with the
coutlng party, and Colonel Peck was
able to report to General Malon lm
mediately. The remainder of the regi
ment was sent forward to join the ad
vance guard in Bois de Remoivllle. By
6:15 in the evening the regiment was
consolidated and formed to attack the
rear guards of the withdrawing enemy
The pursuit was pushed energetically
by Lieutenant Colonel West. The boche
were overtaken in Bois de Moncel, and
notwithstanding their spirited resist
ance with rifle and machine gun fire
ihey were thrown north and northeast
ward - across the Loison. From the
heights beyond the stream the hostile
artillery bombarded our victorious
lines, shelled the territory as far back
as th Brandeville heights. Lieutenant
Colonel West and Captain Cowart oc
cupied Remoivllle with the second bat
talion about 7:85 that evening, while
the third battalion cleaned up Bois d
Moncel and took posesslon of railroad
yards and engineer, and ordnance
dumps worth probably a million dol
Jars. A patrol from Company G under
Lieutenant. Ross advanced on Louppy
and took that town with its great old
chateau. Thirty-eight civilians were
liberated. Our men could not fully oo
cupy th town because enemy machln
guna on th hill beyond th river swept
the northern portions of the village
With Company K, however, Louppy
was cleaned out.. In approaching Jam
etz, Captain Colvln'a first battalion had
to wade one stream breast-deep and
then swim the Loison in the face of the
hostile fire. Clothes were frozen in the
cold night air, but by 9 p. m. of No
vember 9 the town was entered and 5
civilians were set free
"The Sixth Infantry followed the 11th
as support Lieutenant Colonel Hodges
had taken up his duties as Lieutenant
Colonel of the regiment and Captain
Richard Wightman led the second bat
talion up the Brandevillo-Removiil
road under heavy shelling to support
th 11th. The forces reached Remoi
vlll about midnight with only light
casualties from the shell fire.
(The Captain Wightman mentioned
above is a brother of Charles Wight-
man, on of the, tellers at the Valley
bank.)
"The advance of th Tenth brigade
was ended. The speed of its attack had
carried the division front 18 kilometers
east of the Meuse, the farthest eastward i
point reached by the American army at I
the time of the armistice.
The Fifth division had been in the
line a 103 days of the 150 ince,-June.
Eighty-four officers and 1,691 enlisted
men had been killed; 310 officers and
6.9S2 enlisted men had been wounded;
2 officers and 254 enlisted men were
missing and 60 had been captured.
The armistice did not mean for tho
division any relaxation of vigilance.
We kept prepared to resume hostilities
at a moment's notice. But the halt of
the advance and cessation of fighting
brought well-earned rest to the weary
doughboys and permitted to division
trains to catch up with hot food af
clean clothes. The war was not over
for the sanitary trains. : The wounded
continued to pass through their sta
tions at Louppy, Brandeville and Mur
vaux all during the remainder of the
11th. Except for the strange stillness
of the guns, it was hard to "realize
that the fighting was ended. Men
who had fought on and undergone all
kinds of hardships during the fighting.
even while suffering from bronehitls,
flue, diarrhea and slight wounds which
w.ent ignored while ther service was
60 badly needed now came in largo
numbers to the hospitals.
On November 12 the 6th and 60th In
fantries took over the whole division
front. The 11th Infantry moved back
to the old German barracks in Bois de
Remoiville. I took my clothes off for
the first tlmejn nearly two weeks, and
tried to sleep on" one of the bunks that
had been occupied by the boche only a
few hours before. I old get several
hours' of good sleep in spite of the fact
that "cooties" called a convention to
meet on the inside of my underwear.
The night was cold and we slept in our
underwear because we did not have
blankets enough to keep warm even
then. The nexf morning Major Bir
mingham and a dozen of the rest of
us sat around the stove and removed
our underwear while we picked the
"cooties" off the Inside.
On the 14th we marched back to Liny
on the Meuse. It was rumored that
were were going down in central
France for a rest and would proceed
the next day to the vicinity of Man
tillois. I went ahead the next day with
a detail to select and prepare a place
for regimental headquarters at Cierges
a devastated town north of Mont-
faucon and west of Nantillois. On the
way I went -through Romagn around
which must of the bloodiest of the
fighting had " taken place in October.
There was no great cemetery there
then, but thousands of temporary
graves were scattered over the fields
Just where the boys had fallen. Thirty
thousand are now lying there in the
great American cemetery in the heart
of th Argonn forest
At Cierges I found a company of en
gineers and they had taken possession
of th only house in the town that had
a whole roof. I slept tha.t night there
on their floor in front of the fireplace
and on the morning of the 15th, in a
cold, driving rain, I set out to find the
next best building for Colonel Peck's
headquarters. In the afternoon I went
on an exploring expedition over the
surrounding battlefields and picked up
many souvenirs,
Q. Are any American students being
sent to Belgium? T. E. S.
A. Through an exchange of univer
sity students recently arranged be
tween Belgium and the United States,
24 Belgian students have enrolled in
American universities and 22 Ameri
cans in Belsian universities. The 22
Americans were assigned to the four
Belgian universities at Brussels.
Louvain. Ghent and Liege, and to tho
School of Mines. The Belgians are
divided among Columbia, Yale, Har
vard. Princeton, Cornell, Johns Hop
kins, Pennsylvania, Chicago , Cali
fornia, Leland Stanford and Massa
chusetts Institute of Technology.
Q. Please suggest some Indian
names for farms? F. O. E.
A. The farm might take an Indian
name indicating its location, such as
Osawentha, by the pines; Cadoma,
hidden; Akamia, across the river;
Ishpekan, it is high; or som char
acteristic might be named such as
Washara, beautiful: Minoakl, good
land, Naklsit easily seen, Wakama,
a bargain.
Q. How old are Vardon and Ray,
the ' English golf professionals? C
W.
A. Harry Vardon is 51 years of age,
and Edward Ray is 43.
Q. At there many factories man
ufacturing Qie foreign branda of
cheese in this country? D. E. R.
A. The department of agriculture
saya that while U60 concerns manu
facture American types of ohese.
LO0O are engaged. In producing foreign
typas of cheese.
Q. How many American rooetvsd-
the Croix de Guerre? How many th
Distinguished Service Order of the
British government? G. W. L.
A. The war department say that
there have been between 10.000 and
11,000 Croix de . Guerre medals
awarded to American soldiers and
about 75 Distinguished Service Or
ders. The lists are not complete as
yet
Q. What part of th snips of the
world are oil burners? W. O. B.
A. According to Llovds Register.
16.3 per cent of vessels are oil burners;
coal burners, 76 per cent: internal
combustion engines, 1.7 per cent and
sail, 6 per cent
Q. When did John Bunny, th bod
ular movie star, die? H. L. G.
A. John-Bunny died on Anril 2S.
1915.
Q. How much gold is there in a $20
gold piece?
A. A $20 gold piece contains 4S4.40
grains of fine gold, and 61.00 grains
alloy.
(Any reader can get the answer ta
any question by writing Th Repub
lican Information Bureau. Frederic J.
Haskin. director, Washington, D. C.
This offer applies strictly to informa
tion. The bureau cannot give advice
on legal, medical, and financial mat
ters. It does not attempt to settle
domestc troubles, nor to undertake
exhaustive research on any subject.
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a large German anti-tank rifle an.l
took the bolt for a souvenir which I
still haye. In a trench I found an
American lieutenant colonel uried by
merely having the dirt from the parapet
pushed -down over him as he lay in
the trench.
The regiment did not come that day
nor the next. The orders had" been
changed. The American Third army
was being formed to follow up the
withdrawing Germans and to become
the army of occupation. The Third
corps became a part of the new army.
The Fifth division was made a part
of the Fifth corps and was to take
over the sector of the Third corps when
they advanced to a position ahead of
the front lines. A messenger came
recalling me and my detail to rejoin the
regiment at Liny and we marched th
14 kilometers that Sunday afternoon
over the fields where much of the bit-
terest ngntlng of the Argonn drive
had taken place. My oldest brother
who was a captain in tha Eia-hthieth .
division, had advanced across these
same fields with his company as I aft-":
erward learned. I did not know then 1
whether he was still living. We had
not seen each other for two vpam ha
having entered the army from Michl-,
gan ana I rrom Arizona. We did not
meet till the following March when
we were both in Farts attending the
caucus called to organize the American
Legion.
On the ISth the 11th infant-
back over the same road we had come
over on the 14th to the old front lines
and took station in the big chateau a
"?uppy. on the 22nd the forward
movement of the whole Third army
began with the Fifth division as the
line of communications. The 11th was
the advance unit of the division.
Colonel Peck with Captain Stlnson. the
adjutant had gone on to Longuyon by
automobile, leaving Lieutenant Colonel
West to bring the regiment and I was
acting adjutant. As we rode at the
head of the column that afternoon into
the city of Longuyon with our band
playing the civilians all turned out to
welcome "Les Americaines" who had
delivered them from the Germans who
had occupied the town during the whole
war. Many stories were told us of the
cruel treatment they had received at
the hands of the boche. The town was
badly shot up by artillery fire, much of
the destruction having been done by
American artillery in an attempt to cut
the railroad at that point which formed
one of the main lines of communica
tion from the German army. Some of
the damage to the buildings had taken
place in 1914. when th Germans had
first come down Into France.
Th first thing I did after getting
into the town was to find a place for
the colonel's mess. Colonel Peck was
great on the "eats." One of the first
questions he always asked on getting
into a new place was whether or not
I had got the cooks to work at the
headquarter's mess. An old French
man told me of a little dining room and
kitchen in a small hotel that had been
used all during the war as a mess room
for high German officers. They had
not meant to leave ua its comforts,
however, for J found the dirty dishes
still on the table, the kitchen utensils
thrown over the kitchen, many of the
dishes broken on the floor and the elec
tric light bulbs all purposely smashed.
But some of their revered wall decora
tions were still on the waJL A photo
about 10x14 of the kaiser taken with
his whole war 6taff and several other
small photos I took as souvenirs, but a
large framed life-size painting of the
kaiser we turned face to the wall and
left there.
From Longuyon we went to Longwy
on the 24th which place we garrisoned '
for about ten days and then on to Esch
and across Luxembourg to Remisch, on
the Mozelle river, where I first crossed
Into Prussia in Germany.
Tho Fifth division did not win the
war. Many other divisions along the
whole front had a larger share, and the
conditions at the time of the armistice
as told here are probably typical of the
other sectors. These days are all an
niversary days to those who were in
the lines Just before and lust after No-
In a dug-out 1 found (vember 11, 1918.
X
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