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C.AJ AW INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL THIRTY-FIRST YEAR 16 PAGES PHOENIX, ARIZONA, MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 29, 1920. IC PAGES VOL. XXXI., NO. 216 y of Outra structto eac lish Cities; Fifteen Warehouses Fired EE JLJ? Org 77 ttv lies ge-.ana ue Ens SPEAK H BELGIUM MILITAHY PU If LEAGUE IS IEET Lditonal Observer Says Counsel and Courage of America Is Vital Need of League Assembly. itSMALL STATES TIMID ON DELICATE POINTS General Desire of Minor Nations to Avoid Possi bility of Rupture; U. S. Could Balance Assembly. By MILTON BRONNER N. E. A. Staff Correspondent GENEVA, Switzerland. Nov. 28. Tbla first league assembly has repre sentatives from most of the civilized wcrld; great statesmen, orators, tech meal advisers, and in fact everything except what the United States can ex clusively give council of on great world power which has no entangling auances, is not hedged m by neighbor lag Jealous states and not confronted by Inherited centuries-old racial hatreds. An American sitting on the side lines here, finds himself constantly wishing that America, were in the league, represented in the assembly by cur brainiest men, imparting to discus aions American candor, courage, dls lnterestedness and even shirtsleeve diplomacy. Small States Timid Big Questions are being considered by the assembly that vitally effect the major powers and minor nations, mak ing a common cause with them. Other lower powers naturally are rather timid In calling a spade a spade. There is a general natural desire not only to avoid giving offense , but anything leading to danger pf rupture in the usiembly. On many big questions the United States could take the bolder step without giving offense. For Instance, the big future question is going to be faithful observance of Article 18 of the covenant, providing that all treaties entered into hereafter by league mem- l-ers shall be forthwith registered with the secretariat and published. Fur thermore, no treaty shall be binding until registered. This proviso, undoubtedly written In by Americans, embodies our diplomatic methods. America to Bar Secrecy Recently France and Belgium drew up plans for military measures to meet any possible new German aggression. The terms of this treaty were not reg istered with the league secretariat, but they were embodied in a letter stating that the document had been agreed upon and was purely defensive. Various assembly speakers have skirted delicately around this subject, without specifically mentioning this concrete case. Under our constitution no such thing as a secret treaty is possible because,! lifter' the senate approves, all facts are published in full. America, if repre sented in the assembly, could therefore plead that all nations do, under the covenant, what we have always volun tarily done. Germany Displays Diplomacy I am able ,ln this connection, to re veal some Interesting facts. Although Germany is not in this league and not hound by Article 18, she has neverthe less cleverly mado a point of reglster Vjrg with the secretariat all recent i tveaties. These include three with ' -France about the Versailles treaty, an other regarding the port of Kiel and another with Sweden regarding the 1911 treaty, two with the Letts con cerning reciprocal exchange of prisoners- and- resumption of friendly rela tions, two with Russia regarding re patriation of prisoners of war. Another delicate matter the assem- Mv considering Is the reduction of armaments. Great European powers, i..is iea.w responsibilities In Europe Asia and Africa, are going slow. Small nations, particularly Scandinavian, Dutch. Swiss and Czech passionately desire total disarmament. Jaoanese Cynical The first meeting of the assembly's commission was addressed by Welling- trnn head of the Chinese delega tion while the Japanese sat cynically looking on. It was like a hungry lion listening while a big fat lamb bleated vat !t foe's claws and fangs should 1 o. Vrt1lRbl- tj it h United States were 1.1 the i thn American idfa for immedl t. fft'nrrets steps looking to eventual disarmament would command respect. With our man-power, money, food and ........I TMnurces. the assembly would know our pacifism came, not from fear fc'it from genuine ursui "'t -"Vorld now struggling with huge war 1 taxes and high cost of living, and to ease off the terrific burden of keeping Un armies and navies. o Incendiary Fire Destroys Block In City of Cork CORK. Nov. 28. In additional In cendiary fires Saturday night, an ex nslvThlock of buildings in St Pat rick's street, was destroyed, involving data'g" estimated at $300,000 The buildings destroyed included the I '.lack thorn house, which had been tvriow previously bombed mul partially wrecked. Tho fire started in this structure and eventually involved stores on each side. The fire broke out at 1 a. m. ana burred fiercely until break of flay. President-Elect Harding Leaves For Washington CRISTOBAL Canal Zone, Nov. 28. President-elect "Warren G. Harding Jeft the canal zone for the United States this afternoon on the steimer Fastores after a week's visit. The steamer wil reach Norfolk Sat urday. Senator Harding will proceed to Washington before his return o Mar ion. President-elect Harding com pleted his Inspection of the Panama canal today with a visit to the fortl- I flcations at its eastern entrance and calls on several military and naval stations in the vicinity of Cristobal. As In the examination of the defenses at the Pacific end of the canal yester day, the president-elect took great in terest in small details, asking many questions to familiarize himself with the strategic situation. During a visit to the naval air sta tion at Cocosolo, Mrs. Harding accepted an Invitation to make a flight In a sea plane, spending 15 minutes over Limon Bay, In one of the largest NC, type planes used by the navy. The plane attained a height of about 1,000 feet and though it was her first experience t flying, Mrs. Harding appeared to enjoy it immensely. Tonight the president-elect was the guest of honor at a dinner tendered him by the merchants of Colon and Cristo bal. The affair was the occasion for renewal of expressions of comity be- i tween the United States and Panama and pledges of cooperation to promote particularly the commercial value of the canal. Sftiator Harding gave assurances of his interest in the development of Cen tral and South American trade and expressed belief that the canal would form an Influential factor in develop ment of world commerce. The steamer Pastores, on which the Harding party will return to the United States is expected to sail about four o'clock tomorrow afternoon. Sinn Feiners Jeer British Troops London Office Charges Sinn Fein Responsible For Liverpool Outbreak .4 v A. J I - v; .tfSs' (7 -! Great Britain To Demand Favorable Cabinet In Greece Republican A. P. Leased WlreJ LONDON, Nov. 28. The British government will insist that the Greek army be maintained at Its present strength and that the Rhallls cabinet shall not Include men viewed with dis favor by the allies. The foregoing views are set forth in a memorandum Karl Curwn, secre tary of foreign affairs, has handed the French premier for proposals by the French cabinet when M. Leygues re turns to Paris tomorrow. Great Britain disapproves the return of Cons1.ntlne to the Greek throne be ing made the subject of a iormai pro test but nevertheless wtanes isriusn views be emphasized to the new ureeK government. It is further interpreted as meaning that Great Britain at present does not favor revision of the TurKisn peace treaty. o P ' T . ' . 1 , - , N 1 1 DUBLIN Conditions in Ireland are steadily growing worse. The picture shows British troops guarding a bar ricade against a rush' by Sinn Feiners and sympathizers. The crowd is jeering and shouting at the soldiers. ' TERNATIONKL GOUNCILIRLD WAR 1IETEB1S MEXICAN POLITICAL REFUGEES DECLARE ILLITERACY GREATEST 0 SOUTHERN REPUBLIC Canada Protests League , Control Of Home Affairs ill ORGANIZED Rail Officials Demand Cash f or Inaugural Train (Republican A. P. Leased Wire LAREDO, Texas, Nov. 28. The special .train carrying a party headed by Governor Hobby of Texas, en route to Mexico City to attend tho inauguration of President-elect Obregon, was speeding toward the Mexican capital to night after having been held up here last night by refusal of Inter national &. Great Northern rail road officials to accept an indem nity for a dining car and baggage car on the special traain. The rail road men demanded cash and would not comply until presented a cashier's check for $60,000. o Tumulty Offered Post On Customs Court Of. Appeals Republican A. P. Leased Wire PARIS, Nov. 28j An international council binding together war veterans associations of the allied countries wm organized today by delegations repre senting the United States, France, Great Britain. Italy, Belgium, Greece, Jugo-Slavia and Czcho-Slava and was Joined later ty Portugal, Poland ana Rumania. The council will be composed of one member from each country and prob ably will meet In Parts as often as necessary. The organisation contem plates membership of all national vet erans associations. The underlying Idea is to preserve particularly in the time of stress the unity that exists among the allies dur ing the war and carry on the comraa ship la various ways, notably by na tional and International membership cards, an international memorial day and the exchange of information re snectlnr disabled soldiers and the widows and children of soldiers. It H said that the American Memorial day will be adopted generally. The plan of organization which will be submitted for approval tomcrow specifies that the council will be di rectly reported In each allied country by two veterans of that country ap proached by the council and approved by the veterans' organization of that country. They will simply be chan nels for the transmission of materials formulated by the council. The American veterans were represented today by American Legion members from posts in Paris and London. o Influenza Causes Death of Frisco Chief of Police Republican A. P. Leased Wire SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 28. Chief of Police D. A. White died here early today from Influenza and complica tions after an illness of 10 days. He had held the position of chief for nine yars continuously, longer than any other appointee. White received many recommenda tions from various parts of the coun try for efficient handling of the crowds at the Democratic national convention here last June. Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Nov. 28. Joseph P. Tumulty, secretary to the president, has been offered by Mr. Wilson an ap pointment to the customs court of ap peals, but has reached no decision with regard to its acceptance. This was disclosed tonight in a statement Is sued by Mr. Tumulty, prompted by various published reports as to what his future plans were. The statement also took notice of reports that Mr. Tumulty planned to enter a law partnership. "I have made no definite plans for the future," Mr. Tumulty said. "It is true that the president has generously offered to me a judicial post made vacant by the death of Chief Justice Montgomery of the customs court of appeals. I have this matter now un der consideration, but have reached no decision regarding it." o Three Injured In Auto Wreck Near Grand Junction Republican A. P. Leased Wire GRAND JUNCTION. Colo., Nov. 28. Three persons were injured when an automobile in which they were riding skidded and overturned six miles from here on the Delta road today. They were: Luke, Meyer, 25, of Delta, driver; Bermce, his sister; Ruth Farmer, telegraph operator at Eagle. They were brought to a hospital here. Meyer received a broken shoul der and scalp wounds. His sister suf fered chest injuries." Miss Farmer was severely bruised. o Republican A, P. Leased Wire GENEVA. Nov. 28. The question whether countries shall be allowed to control and dispose, of at will of their natural resources is the subject of sharp conflict la a committee of the assembly. The contest arose over a resolution by Ocsiav Ador of Switz erland setting up a permanent eco nomic and financial commission, one of the duties of which would be to examine measures for preventing mo nopolies in raw materials and the means of controlling their dlstrlbu tlon. The resolution Is based on article 23 Of the covenant, which assures all states equitable rights. It Is supported chiefly by Italy, Switzerland and other countries not rich in raw materials One of the strongest opponents of the resolution is Sir George E. Foster of Canada, who has taken the same attitude as X. E. Rowell. also of Cana- B. Carbajal. former " " "XT, garded as Interference In internal af fairs, to which Canada would never submit. Mr. Rowell at the same time said that the entry of the United States could not be hoped for if any such ir terference were attempted. The question of. mandates is another difficult subject coming up this week. The council has on. the agenda for tomorrow the nomination of perma nent mandate committee and another committee at the same time will take up tho general question In the form of terms and control of mandates This committee has recommended that the United States be Invited to co-operate unofficially In the study of the question of disarmament. Still another important matter on the program temorrow is election of a successor to Secretary Tower as high commissioner at Danzig. The council mav also finally decide what reply shall be made to the German protest against approval of the results of the Eupen-Malnledy plebiscite. Germany contends that the Belgian troops of oc cupatlon exerted pressure on the pop ulatlon. c- Cardinal Logue Decries Dublin' Assassinations Republican A. P. Leased Wire DUBLIN, Nov. 2S Cardinal Logue, the primate of Ireland, In a pastoral letter read today in all the churches of the arch diocese denounces the mur ders in Ireland and declares that if a balance were struck between last Sun day's assassinations of officers and the shooting by the police In Croke Park, he believes It should be given against the forces of the crown. The cardinal's letters scathingly ar- rainges the methods the government U pursuing but warns the people "against any assassinations, secret or open. which would lead them Into any disor der or crime." ; The pastoral letter condemns in the strongest terms Sunday tragedies, de claring the belief that every man and woman in Ireland deplored and de tested these "cold blooded murders," which, he says, '"no object could ex cuse and no motive justify," adding: The perpetrators of such crimes are not real patriots but enemies of their countries." Turning to the Croke Park affair, the cardinal says the forces of the crown () bound by their officers to protect and not to destroy the people. "The assassination of individuals Is detestable crime and a terrible out rage against God s law," he continues, but It Is a greater shock to humanity, graver outrage against the divine ordinance whereby human life is pro tected, to turn lethal weapons against efen6eless, unarmed, closely packed multitudes." o Republlan A.J. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Nov. 28. An analy sis of Mexico's problems with a pro gram for their solution is presented In an open letter to the Mexican people being circulated in Mexico signed by nine members of a group of political refugees in the United States They are Manuel Carero, minister for foreign affairs and later ambassador to the United States under President Ma dero; Francisco chief Justice of the supreme court, and president ad interim following Vic loriano Huerta; Juan B. Castalzo, banker and former senator; Torlblo Esquibel Obregon, minister of finance In Huerta's cabinet; Jesus Flores Ma gon, minister of the Interior In Ma Calexico Visited By $75,009 Fire Republican A. P. Leased Wire CALEXICO. Cal.. . Nov. 28. Fire starting early this morning In the rear of a second-hand store on Imperial avenue here spread rapidly and de stroyed property estimated to have been worth $75,000. The fire department from Mexicali, Mexico, came across the boundary and assisted in quenching the flames. Help was also sent by the El Centro fire department, but by the time this ap paratus had run the intervening 18 miles the fire was under control. dero'a. cabinet; Tomas MacManus, for mer senator; Rafael Martinez Car- rillo, former senator; Miguel Buelas, former general in the federal army. and Jorge Vera Estanol, minister of education in cabinets of Poroforla Diaz and Victoriana Huerta, Fifteen major problems, including? the land and labor questions, interna tlonal relations, education and the financial rehabilitation of the country as outlined. As a means for making real democ racy effective in Mexico," the letter advocates the limiting of the ballot. federal and state to Mexican citizens not under 21 years of age who can read and write the Spanish language and have a means of livelihood. This would bar the great mass of Illiterate Indians, except in municipal elections. until they had been given an oppor tunity to learn to read and write Span lsh, provision for which is made under the hiding of education. Illiteracy is declared to be the great est menace to the country, the letter asserting that sixty thousand grade schools should be established by gov ernment assistance. The Carranza policy of limiting private initiative in education is condemned. A frank and open international pol icy is urged, particularly toward the United States. Treaties with the United States to settle all boundary disputes, facilitate trade and uniform railway connections are said to be im mediately necessary. The letter sug gests also the establishment of a mixed claim commission to take up in ternational claims and contends that Mexicans as well as foreigners should bo reimbursed for losses and damages to property. The Carranza constitutional doctrine relating to land Is condemned as "wholly um ellable," because of the need of foreign capital for develop ment. The right of workmen to strike and collective bargaining are indorsed but the right of employers Is also rec ognized to close their shops when not in violation or labor contracts, ine eight hour law la approved in prin ciple. , a The Mexican publlo debt, as set forth in this document, exclusive of claims, restoration of rolling stock and properties seized from foreigners and natives, is estimated to be 1.200,000,000 pesos. This must be paid, the signers say, and the potential resources of the country are declared to he more than equal to the task. But In the recon struction of the country, the letter says, foreign capital is absolutely in- despensible and every encouragement should be given for Investment. throuKh private transaction and not through the government. In this section, the Carranza policy toward foreigners and foreign capital is condemned as "inspired In hostility to everything foreign. Irish Sympathizers Split On Proposed Propaganda Methods Republican A. P. Leased Wire POTTSVILLE. Ta.. Nov. 28. Pro poeed propaganda in America and the methods to be used caused a spilt to day In the state convention of the Friends of Irish Freedom, many dele gates, headed by former Congressman Donahoe and John T. Flood, both of Philadelphia, leaving the hall and or gantzing a separate convention. The bolters declared most of the Philadelphia delegation and parts of other delegations throughout the state had joined them, and that they would be recognised as the regular organiza tion in Pennsylvania. Supporters of the other faction later adopted, resolutions to merge with the American Association for the Recogni tion of Irish Freedom. o De Valera Delegates Walk Oat Of Meeting When Cohallan Talks Republican A. P. Leased Wire WORCESTER. Mass.. Nov. 28. One hundred of the 455 delegates to the state convention of the Friends of Irish Beedom today walked out of the au ditorium when it was announced Jus tice Cohallan of New York was to speak. The bolters were representa tives of De Valera adherents. The De Valera men stuck through the most stormy business session, which tested the tactfulness of the chairman in keeping order at times when the opinions of the rival factions clashed. Judge Cohallan. who was received with cheers, told of the break between himself and De Valera over the plank presented to the national political con ventions. He declared his plank, had it been made part of the Republican platform, would have prevented the prevalent atrocities and reprisals in Ireland. Belfast Reports Several Deaths During Clashes Republican A. P. Leased Wire BELFAST. Nov. 28. Several cas ualties from clashes with the authori ties and from other disorders occurred here and in other parts of Ireland last night and early today. A school teach er, at Brodford, county Limerick, failed to respond to an order to halt given by crown forces and was shot dead last evening. At Cappoquln, county waterford. a constable was dangerously wounded by three armed men. In Belfast this morning a laborer returning to his home was wounded by a gunshot. o Keith Collins Is Arrested In Oklahoma Town MUSKOGEE. Okla.. Nov 28. Keith Collins, said by federal authorities to be wanted In connection with tho rob bery of a mail car near Council Bluffs, Iowa, was arrested In the home of his uncle, near Westvllle, Okla. The arrest was made by Postoffice Inspector Adamson and two other federal officers from Kansas City. Collins is being brought to Muskogee, It was announced tonight. According to Postmaster G- C. Whitmlre, of West vllle, who was informed of the capture by Adamson, Collins put up a fight when officers attempted to arrest him Confesses Part In Holdup TULSA, Okla., Nov. 28. Keith Col lins, arrested early today at Westville, Okla confessed to a postal inspector and two United States secret service men that he was implicated In the mall robbery at Council Bluffs, Iowa, two weeks ago, according to a dispatch quoting the city marshal at Westville. Collins, in charge of three United States officers, tonight was on his way to Kansas City, according to reports re ceived here. o Automobile W reck In Denver Causes Two More Injuries Republican A. P. Leased Wire DENVER, Nov. 28. Edward Foun tain, 40, Miles D. Cottingham, 42, both of Georgetown, Colo, and Joe Hart- man ,of Denver, were Injured here to night when their automobile plunged over an embankment Into the bed of Cherry creek. ' rountam anvmg me car, turned a corner expecting to find a bridse. There is none at that point, the car hurtled over the concrete embank ment. Fountain is in a hospital with a skull fracture; Cottingham suffered a broken leg; Hartman was bruised and cut. City fire departments were called to get the men out of the creek bed. o Pope Grieved At Irish Bloodshed Republican A. P. Leased Wire ROME, Nov. 28. The pope is lollow Ing with interest the development of the situation in Ireland and is deeply grieved at the daily reports of blood shed. Learning of the arrest of Arthur Griffith and Professor MacNeill of the Sinn Fein, he inquired what the effect would be and was told by a prominent Irishman that both men exercised a moderating effect en their followers, therefore their disappearance would probably have a bad, rather than a good effect. Eleven Cotton "Warehouses in Liverpool Fired Simul taneously by Well Organ ized Gangs. Republican A. P. Leased Wire LIVERPOOL, Nov. 28, Fifteen ware houses in Liverpool and Bootle, a sub urb, principally Liverpool cotten ware houses, were set on fire last night. Two of the cotton warehouses in Liverpool were burned out. Gasoline cans and paraffin were found about the prem ises. It was stated in police quarters that there was strong evidence the fires were the work of Sinn Feiners. Some shooting occurred after the outbreak of the flames. Constables en the scene were fired at and bullets passed through the clothing of some of them but none was injured. On civil ian was shot dead. Five men were ar rested in connection with tho alleged incendiary outbreak. The Liverpool correspondent of the Evening Telegram in a message today, says: Orgy of outrage and destruction. . believed to have been engineered by Sinn Feiners, was carried out on 12 cotton warehouses and several timber yards here.. Several fires were burn ing at once, necessitating a call for as sistance from the outlying brigades." The newspaper says a suspected man, believed to have been connected with one of the fires, when seized by a policeman, pulled a revolver and shot tho policeman dead. The man later was arrested. The descriptions of two men wanted In connection with the fires have been circulated by the police .and. it is be lieved, adds the message, that both are connected with the Sinn Fein move ment. Dublin Castle Statement BELFAST, Nov. 28. A statement Issued tonight from Dublin castle, after giving an account of the Liverpool fires and accompanying Incidents, adds: "Read la conjunction with the docu ments discovered last week in whicn plans for Sinn Fein reprisals against tho English towns of Manchester and Liverpool, among a number, were de tailed, these things have a very sinis ter aspect. The fact of the police, be ing fired on suggests that the methods of the Sinn Fein murder gang in Ire land are being employed against the English people, even .if the personnel of the nurders is not trie same." Eleven Fires in Liverpool s LONDON. Nov. 28. A dispatch, to the Press association from Liverpool says "An alarming outbreak of Sinn Fein violence occurred Saturday night shortly before 9 o'clock. Fire broke out simultaneously both in the south and north ends of Liverpool and also in Bootle. "There were seven fires in Bootle and eleven in various parts of Liver pool. ' "Subsequent discoveries revealed a well planned Sinn Fein plot to' spread fire among the warehouses in the dock area. The fires were spread over al most all of the whole seven miles of the dock area." ' Owing to the Inflammable nature of the contents of the warehouses, the flames quickly gained a stronghold. The local fire brigades were unable to cope with the situation and were obliged to call brigades from other suburbs. The police took steps to pre vent fuHher outbreaks by concentrat ing policemen along the line of docks. "Three youths, watching the sus picious movements of two men at a cotton Warehouse, warned the police, who challenged the suspects. There upon the latter bolted and fired upon the police. The police were unhurt but a bullet killed Daniel Ward, who was among those who warned the police. Damage Will Reach Million It was found that all locks on some warehouses had been cut with bolt cut ters. Many empty petrol cans were found on the scene. Each fire started at more than one place." "It appears that for each bunding marked for destruction, there were al lotted gangs numbering from four to five men, one of whom stood sentry w hile the others cut the locks and ap plied the inflammables. "Many fires were suppressed In their early stages, and in these cases there was clear evidence of incendiar ism in the finding of rags soaked in, parafln and empty petrol cans and bolt cutters left behind. The most destruc tive fires were, in two large cotton warehouses on either side of Jordan street, which were completely de stroyed. "It Is impossible to estimate the damage, but it is known it will run Into hundreds of thousands of pounds. "The man who shot Daniel Ward as caped but the police captured his accomplice." c- Postal Telegraph Employes Will Be Given More Wages Republican A. P. Leased Wire ALBUQUERQUE, N. M., Nov. 28. The Postal Telegraph-Cable company will increase the wages of all regular employes (with the exception of gang foremen and their crews and mes sengers, both classes of which have al ready been provided for) up to and in cluding district superintendents, 10 per cent on December 1, according to a message received by the Postal man ager here from Edward Reynolds, vice president and general manager. New York. The same message carried the an nouncement that effective the same date the company will advance ltn charges 20 per cent for full rate first clara commercial telegrams.