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AN II1DEPEWDE.MT PROQRESSJVE JOURNAL THIRTY-FIRST YEAR 16 PAGES PHOENIX. ARIZONA, WEDNESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 1, 1920 Wi PAGES VOL. XXXI., NO. 218 i 1 J president Wilson Offers Service as Mediator in Turkish-Armenia Conflict iKOl NEW OFFICIAL FAMILY In Offering Personal Service Japan ForgOeS " -.SKS moral ana Diplomatic Support of the World Powers. Its Demand For Race Equality Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Nov. 30. Presi dent Wilson today proffered his "per onal mediation through a represen'ta tlVm " 10 end hosilitic3 in Armenia. The offer was in reply to an invita tion from Paul Hymaps, president of the Council of the League of Nations, transmitting n resolution adopted in behalf of Armenia, by the assembly of the league of nations at Geneva, No vember ZZ. It requested that the "horrors of the Armenian tragedy" be brought to the attention of the powers it- a view to entrusting some power V'A the task or taking the necessary injures to stop the hostilities in AfTKnla. The United States, although not a member of the league, was In cluded among ih nations of the world to whom tho broadcast Invitation was issued. Adoption of the resolution was pre ceded by some discussion of the feasibility of organizing international force to intervene in Armenia, assailed alternately by Turkish nationalists, the bolsheviki and other trans-Caucasian elements. In his reply however, Mr. Wilson said he wad without authorization to offer to employ the military forces of the United States in any project for the relief of Armenia, or any ma terial contributions requiring the con sent of congress "which is not now in fession and whoso action I could not forecast." The president declared, however, he was willing upon assurances of the iftoral and diplomatic support of the principal powers, to endeavor to bring about peace between the contending parties in Armenia through arbitra tion. He asked suggestions as to the avenues in .. .,1. nr u.r hould be concerned and the parties to whom it should be addressed. ; Among officials in close touch with the president, it was suggested, that on account of the familiarity of Henry Morgenthau, former ambassador to Turkey, with near eastern problems, it was possible that he would be tho "representative" through whom Mr. Wilson might act. The president al ready has before him much data bear ing on Armenia In connection with the task intrusted to him of fixing Armenian boundaries. Questioned as to the fate of the Armenian nation was raised In the league assembly at Geneva by Rene Vivian! of France, who declared that tho attitude of the league toward Armenia would constitute either vin dictalon or condemnation of the league to tho world. The Armenian resolu tion was adopted by unanimous vote fnd It was determined to seek among the powers a mediator in the -struggle between Armenia and the Turkish na tionalists, wno, since the erection of Armenia as an independent state after the armistice, have threatened to over whelm tho country. GONGRESSIDNAL Republican A. P. Leased Wire GEXAVA, ov. 30 Tills was what might bo called self-sacrifice day in the assembly of the league of nations. Spain and other Spanish speaking coun tries sacrificed their request that Span ish should be made one of the official languages; M. Vivianl of the French delegation, withdrew an amendment in order to enable the assembly to reach an ultimatum vote on the rules of pro cedure, wklle Viscount Ishii, head of the Japanese delegation, in a speech that commanded great attention, said that Japan would forego at this session the renewal of its demand that the league recognize the principle of equal ity of peoples regardless of race, na tionality or religion. George Nicoll Barnes of Griat Brit ain consented io postpone until Friday his interpellation in the council on the failure to intervene to prevent the con flict between the Poles and the Bol sheviki last summer. In the course of his declaration be fore the assembly Viscount Ishii said: "Japan had the opportunity when the covenant originally was formulated to declare her belief that equality before the law should be assured all men, Irrespective 01 nationality, race or re ligion. "That principle should be established so that the various merits and geniuses of mankind should be emancipated and given free play in the interest of hu man civilization. That principle of equal opportunity should be one of the bod rocks of .the great peace organiza tions In order that all nationals owing allegiance to the league should to & man be loyally willing to make sacrifice in blood and treausre when the occa sion arises in order that all should know that the league unfailingly is for right and not for might and in or der that a lasting peace ehould be doubly assured. - "It was to the poignant regret of the Japanese government and people that the original framers of the cov enant found themselves to accept the Japanese proposal In this manner. The Japanese delegates declared that they would continue their insistence for the adoption of their Just demands by the league in the future- "In view, however of the present j circumstances, Japan is strongly per-! suaded that the league is yet in a etaeo when consolidation of Its or ganization and its actual workings. based on the oresent covenant, should be accorded greater attention and deeper deliberation than questions re lating to fundamental principles which might make for revision of the covenant and deliberation of which should be deferred for some time. "From this point of view Japan Is refraining from making any concrete proposal to this assembly as to the question of equal opportunity and treatment and will patiently bide her time until the opportune moment shall present itself." Viscount Ishii referred to the great size of the Japanese delegation and said this should be taken as evidence (Continued on page 2) Bp ; : - V p4SM1 i - -v. -H f? , .'Vy- Nraol I - , I, - - - i; . I V IS A i x : y. v ' f. V ';' -1 ' - :- I Suggests Treaty on Which Resumption of Diplomatic Relations Can he Based Mexico Will Not Ask Admission To League of Nations Preiident Obregon and his family Upper left, Obregon; upper right, Mrs. Alvaro Obreson; lower, his two daughters: Senorita Beatrice (left) and Senorita Laura (right). GLIMPSES OF THE MAN OBREGON (Republican N. E. A. Special) MEXICO CITY, Nov. 30 "I am a farmer; I wish thic war was over so I demand better prices for their prod ucts. His organization was copied after the American farmers' marketing could go back to my ranch." President organizations in California. He not GOlil ASSIST TTEE MAY Obregon used to tell his brother of ficers. When the revolution broke out General Obregon was a prosperous farmer at Huatobampo. j General Obregon lost his right arm above the elbow at Celaya in 1915. His forces had taken ground in which Villa had planted mines. Suddenly there was an explosion and one of Obregon's arms flew off. At the hospital the next day he learned his men were becomjng un easy, so he left his bed- and took personal charge again. Before this mishap Obregon was a fine physi cal specimen and an athlete. Obregon's views on war are con tained in these words. "War is sav agery broken loose, and if civilization is to endure, it must be eliminated as a measure of composing international quarrels and harmonizing international interests." Obregon made his fortune by organ izing the garvanzo (pea) growers of Sonora and thereby causing them to only made himself rich, but made, all his neighbors prosperous. President Obregon was once or dered ehoi h) Paucho Villa. Obre gon was sent to Chihuahua by Gen eral Carranza after the success of the Carranza revolution to try to induce Vi'la to take part in a met in"; of generals ai Mexico f!ity. Vffla received Obregon and his of ficers and arranged a big affair in their honor. As they were return ing Villa had pbregon's train stopped at Ecandon and returned to Chihuahua. Arriving at Villa palace, a mansion Villa had com mandeered, Villa, told Obregon he was going to kill lilm. Obregon seemed so willing to die for the revolution that Villa finally de cided not to let the squad he had sent for execute Obregon. Instead they took supper together and then Obregon danced the evening away. At Culican in 1313, at a dinner given by Carranza, General Obregon enter tained the guests by performing ath letic stunts. Although a bij man phy sically, he could balance himself on one arm and stand that way indefinitely. That was before he lost his right arm. Another stunt was to stand and jump over the top of a high chair. At that time he was one of the leading generals of the. Carranza revolution. General Obregon once fired a young fellow from the army whom he had put into a position of trust, for stealing money. The man pleaded with General Obregon not to disgrace him, and finally threat ened to commit suicide. On this proposition Obregon offered to re instate the young officer, restore his good name and give him an of ficers' burial with military honors. The fellow didn't accept. Obregon was an inveterate cigarette smoker. He quit the habit after he became a-commander and director of large bodies of men when on a desert where cigarettes were scarce. He did it for two reasons, first, to increase his efficiency, and second, to show that he was master of himself. He pledged to himself to never smoke an other cigarette. MEXICO CITY, Nov. 30. "Mexico will not ask admission to the league of nations, but should an invitation to membership be extended by the league it would be given consideration." This declaration was made by Gen eral Obregon, president-elect of the re public, in an Interview today with the Associated Press, during which he dis cussed various problems that will de mand his attention when he assumes the presidency at midnight tonight. General Obregon said he was certain that the provisional government under President de la Huerta had not re quested such membership and it was he Iruention of his government to con tinue a policy of aloofness, his attitude hiiig that Mexico in making over tures for membership in the league would engage in a humiliating act en tirely inconsistent with its traditional national pride. The correspondent was received In General Obregon's home, adjacent to Chapultepec castle, the presidential residence, where for several weeks the president-elect, because of a slight in disposition, has conducted his affairs. General Obregon, who is in the best of health now, prefaced his discussion of Mexican problems with an expres sion of gratitude for the courtesy shown him by the hundreds of Amer ican visitors who are in Mexico City for his Inauguration. "It indicates a better feeling be tween the two countries, which will continue to grow,' he said. Petroleum regulations, the labor sit uation, radicalism and his proposed legislative projects were discussed. "Tho great problem I face as the next Mexican executive is that of gen eral reconstruction," he declared. "I have reflected my attitude toward va rious problems in a series of projects which I have already submitted to con gress for consideration. "Of first interest to Americans, of course, is the oil problem, and in this connection I might pay-that articles 14 and 27 will not be abrogated. But I am sure that within a short time a com mission will be appointed to regulate the application of these articles. "I do not intend to make any recom mendations to congress regarding pe troleum matters beyond urging that the commission . be established and that all parties concerned be given fair and just treatment. I feel cer tain that this problem ultimately will be settled to the entire satisfaction of all concerned." Asked what he considered the most significant results accomplished by the new government which retires tonight. General Obregon answered that un doubtedly its greatest work was the pacification of the republic, which, he added, "is a sequence to tho revolu tionary movement of last summer." The institution of economical methods in public administration, which has re sulted in the equalization of the na tional budget and an approach to the Colby Satisfied New Gov ernment Actuated by a High and Enlightened Purpose, and Suggests Prompt Action. (Continued on pace 2) Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. Nov. 20. Possible remedial legislation for agricultural interests will be considered at a joint meeting of the ncricultural committee of the senate and house next Thurs day. Tho senate committee went over the situation today and invited the ti Or iso committee members to meet v. them to see what could be done t alleviate the situation cau3ed by falling prices for farm products. Senate committeemen said tentative huggestions for consideration includ eJ: Revival of the war finance corpora tion and the oocning of European markets for surplus products, some plan for extending credit to foreign nations and amendment of the federal r-ser-G act to afford extension of credits on agricultural paper. Senator Norris. Nebraska, said re establishment of trade with Russia would be one moans of relief. Sena tor France. Maryland, another mem b r of the committee, plans to intro duce a roso'utlon for tins purpose. .Senator Harrison. Mississippi, also i committee member, indicated that congressmen from cotton states were ready to join with those frcm wheat mil cattle states in pushtnj? relic irslslution. The Mississippi senator aid he wameu . t--c m- .nnt.c rorporntion revived and provisions made for rovernnvnt loans to the a;--ioultural interests. "The government encouraced the farmers to make this crop, which was nt a vrrv high cost of production, abd tl- government ought to apply ex reV'on.il treatment to aid them," as t ' "j Senator Harrison, who said he bills to offer dealing with the j. .nl if ' n? joint commiucB ocss.uu GOVERNMENT ASKS APPOINTMENT Of TRUSTEE TO TAKEPACKERS' HOLDINGS IN U.S. STOCKYARDS pro ' f a r n n TILL Four Bandits Take $467,000 In Bonds From Bank Runners NEW YORK. Nov. 30 Four bandits held up two messengers of the Manhattan brokerage firm of Kean, Taylor & Co., In Brooklyn this afternoon seized a package said to contain $467,000 In Liberty bonds, fired a fusllade of shots and escaped. Three of tho bandits thrust re volvers In the messenger's face, whito the fourth snatched the package. Then, entering an auto mobile standing at the curb, they drove away The abandoned ma chine was found later on the out skirts of the city. The bond!, in denominations of Sn.000 and $10,000. were being car ried to Igoe Brothers, a hardware firm, in exchange of securities of a smaller denomination. All but $00,000 worth of the securities are sail to be negotiable. Officer Killed In 1,000 Foot Drop PENSACOLA. Fla.. Nov. 30. James R. Spencer of Virginia, chief machin ist's mate at the naval aid station here, was killed today when a flying boat, in which he was flying, crashed into the bay from an altitude of 1000 feet. Spencer was a student pilot and had been In the aviation serflce since the outbreak of the war. o Japanese Cabinet Appropriates Big i Sum For Armaments TOKIO, Nov. SO. The cabinet today ' armroved the budget for 1921-22, to- taliJig 1.0C2,0.0,(00 yen, of which (n)0, Ooo v-u i.s fcr armaments. i navy budvet is 49,000.000 yen. of . whi"-h 144."0O,r0O yen is for new con-j I truction. white 'he army estimate is' , 240,0'JO.OOO yen. Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Nov. SO By Its petition the government has taken an affirmative stand on the question of disposing of the packers' stockyard in terests, acting as cornsel for the de partment of justice. It was explained that heretofore the government had merely objected to plans offered by the packers without suggesting a method of divorcing the properties as required under the lecent decree in the packer cases. The government petition eaid that on Dec. 14, counsel would move "that a decree be entered appointing some suitable person or persons as trustee or trustees to take possession and -hold, subject to the order of the court, all stocks, bonds or other securities owned by any of the defendants representing ownership of or interest in any public stockyard market company in the United States or in any stockyard terminal railroad in the United States or any stockyard market newspaper or stockyard market journal published in the United States end that said trustee or trustees, under such regulations as the court may prescribe, be directed to forthwith proceed to seM and dispose of such Interests in sue ha manner as the court may decide, suitable provision being made in said decree for notice to the defendants and opportunity to be heard before any sales by the trustees shall be confirmed by the court." The period allowed for the govern ment to file objections to the new or revised plans, presented to the court by the packers, elapsed today. Formal protest was made against the joint pro posal of iNc Armour and Swift com panies in modification of the original project of all the packers for a holding company for the stockyard properties j to be organized by F. H. Prince and I company of Boston. The government alo objected to the separate yuan presented by the Mori is company, but obtained a week's extension to tile its views na to the Cndahy company's plan. Opposition to the Prince holding company scheme was based on the 73S.- (contention that it would prevent oper The i ation of the properties under separate interests. In connection wiiii the pro no?u! that the packers get first and Obregon Cabinet MEXICO CITY, Nov. 30. According to an announcement mai3 tonight the cabinet of President Obregon will be made up as follows: Secretary of gobernaclon and chief of cabinet, Gen. E. Plutarco Calles. Secretary of foreign relations. Dr. Cuthberto Hidalgo. Secretary of the treasury, Adolfo de la Huerta, the retiring provisional president. Secretary of war, Gen. EenjAmin Hill. Secretary of agriculture, Gen. An tonio Villareal. Secretary of industry, commerce and labor, Rafael Zubaran Capmany. Minister of communications ana public works, Fascual Ortiz Rubio. The cabinet will bo sworn In tomor row at the official rooeptlon cf Presi dent Obregon. o Haitien Bandits Tortured Marine Corps Captives Republican A. P. Leased Wire PORT AU PRINCE. Nov. 30 The the actions of American marines con cluded its r hearings in Haiti today ROLLING OENIESTUG BRIBE lOBf TO INFLUENCE SHIPPING BOARD IN AWARDING GONTRAGTS with the examination of Lieutenant Colonel Hooker of the gendarmerie. who testified to the belief that 2.000 Haitlens had been killed by bandits in the last few years. He declared that from March. 1919, to October, 101?, large farming and settlement areas were completely wiped out by bandits. Colonel Hooker gave a startling idea of the methods of the outlaws, ciUng nearly a dozen cases to show how marines and gendarmes captured by the bandits were mutilated. He said that in every instance they were de capitated and their vital organs re moved and scattered alonj; the trails. Two marines were burned to death after torture. Colonel Hooker assert ed. He testified that a lieutenant had been killed, the heart and liver distrib uted and eaten, and the brain removed to grease bullets for the dandits" guns. The records, he said, showed that 32 gendarmie officers were killed. Dorcas Williams, serrreant. of ma rine's accused of killing Gamier Jean last year, today entered emphatic de nial of guilt. He declared Jean's house was midway between the bandits a.nd gendarmes rluring a battle at Mais- i saue. aim bum inai, ueanr.K uiai jpnii was intimate with the marauders, he 1 summoned liim. He testified Republican A. P. Leased Wire NEW YORK, Nov. GO. W. Wilmer Rolling, treasurer of the United States shipping board and brother-in-law of President Wilson, today emphatically denied allegations that he had partici pated in the $25,000 fund alleged to' have been distributed to R. Tucker Sand3 for securing a contract with tho United States shipping board. Rolling was a voluntary witness be fore the Walsh congressional commit tee which is investigating shipping board affairs. The allegations involv ing the name of Mr. Boiling were made by Sands when he appeared before the committee last week. Sands alleged that he received $40,000 in notes from Wallace Downey of which $2.", 000 was divided between himself, Boiling, Les ter Sisler, former secretary of the ooard, and John N. Cranor, representa tive of Downey. Sis'er, who also appeared voluntarily before the cammittee, was shown the photostat copy of Sands' charges, now a part of the record, and he made posi- tive denial of the allegations against! hiniFfclf. j Supplementing a statement made to the press this morning, which was read j into the record of the proceedings. ' Boiling testified that his first intiir.a- tion of the charges came to him in the j form of an anonym is letter addressed j to Joseph P. Tumulty, followed by a similar letter addressed to William G. j McAdoo. ,' "There is not a word of truth in the allegations made by Sands," Boiling said. t , . .. .3 ,1 -i.;t- n that he participated in the funds had . "lj c, :':', ,tt. been turned over to the department of j oorougu Churchill of the I mtej States justice. He testified that tho eharecs ary '"telngence service, who armed or,,i Mn,t,ttnn ,...! m Geneva late last weoK, was a .pec- l i investigated not only by the de partment of justice but by shipping Bill Hart Granted $87,779 Judgement Against Thos. Ince Republican A. P. Leased Wire LOS ANGELES, Nov. 30 Wil liam S. Hart, motion pltcure actor, was granted a judgment for $87, 779.73 against Thomas H. Ince, film producer, in a decision handed down here today by Judge Lewis R. Works of the Los Angeles county Superior court. Hart brought suit for profits he alleged wer1 his under a contract made in June, 1917. Hart's attorney said the judg ment meant that his client would obtain "accruing profits estimated at 5750,000 1 Hart brought suit for $100.S32. Under his contract with Ince, he alleged, he was to receive $1,000 a week salary and a guarantee of $4,000 a week, covering profits and bonuses in the- production of a se ries of western motion pictures. o v Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON. Nov. 30 A formal proposal from Secretary Colby that commissioners be appointed by the United States and Mexico tq draft a treaty upon which can be based re sumption of full diplomatic relations between the two- governments has been taken to Mexico City by Roberto V. Pesqueira, Mexican confidential agent in Washington. a This was disclosed tonight when the state department made public Mr. Col by's answer to Mr. Pesquelra's recent letter urging recognition by the United States of the new government of Mex ico. It was handed to the Mexican agent before his departure Thanksgiv ing day to attend the inauguration of President-elect Obregtm of Mexico, on Dec. L l Referring to' his conversations with Mr. Pesqueira, Secretary Colby in his letter 6aid they served to leave no rea sonable doubt "of the high and en lightened purposes that actuate the present government of Mexico. As to Article 27 of the Mexican con stitution, long a stumbling block to complete understanding between th two governments, Mr. Colby said th statement in Pesquelra's letter that It is "not, and must not be Interpreted as retroactive or violative of valid property rights." Should "allay th fears of those who have acquired valid titles in Mexico, adding: T can conceive of tiothlnp better cal culated to correct this misunderstand ing." Suggest Early Action 'It only remains." Mr. Colby con tinued, "to giv this .understanding a form which Is sual in dealings be tween friendly states and I have the honor to suggest that commissioners be promptly designated by both Mexico and the United States to formulate a treaty, embodying the agreements that have been reached as the result of your successful mission." The text of Secretary Colby's letter, dated Nov. ID, follows: "The conversations which we hav had since the receipt of your notable letter of Oct. 26, I am very pleased to say, have beer, entirely in keeping with, the spirit and tenor of tle expression It contained, and have quito confirmed the agreeable anticipations it aroused. "T think I may sa; , as one of the re sults of these discussions, that no doubt can reasonably be entertained of the high asd enlightened purposes that actuate the present government of Mexico, and I am fully persuaded that you realize the friendship and disin terestedness towards your country which animate this government "We have not required the assur ances, so unqualifiedly given in your letter, of Mexico's regard for the dis charge of her obligations, and of her respect for the principles Of Interna tional law., Your suggestion for a joir.t arbitration commission to adjudicate tho claims presented by citizens of other countries for damages sustained as a result of disorders in your coun try and the further proposal to en large and etrensthen existiny treaty provisions of all controverles now pending or which may arise between our respective nationals, bring con vincing support of your declarations if that were needed. Misunderstandings Corrected "You refer at length to the misun derstanding that has arisen and has widely prevailed, as to the true scop's and effect of article 27 of the Mexican federal constitution. That such mis understandings have existed and has exercised an unfortunate restraint up on the impulses of friendly govern ments, in their desire to co-operate with the Mexican people in the recov ery of the full measure of their ma terial strength and prosperity, cannot be denied. But I can conceive of nothing better calculated to correct this misunderstanding and to allay tho fears of those who have acquired valid titles or who have made sub stantial investments in conformity with the Mexican law, and In reliance Major Churchill Attends Meeting Of League Body Republican A. P. Leased Wire Your Child And Opportunity! You want to do the best you can for your child, of course. If you are making mistakes they ar unintentional. Now stop and think of this: Is hia physical condition all it 6hould be? Certainly the most Important Bid to Success is a good physique. Tho child who Is not physically fit begins to be a failure at his toys, works under many handicaps In school, is likely to drop out before he has gone far to ward success. Do you know how to make sure, there is nothing physically wrong with your child? Let the Arizona Republican, through its Washington Information Bureau, send vou a bulletin entitled "THE SCHOOL CHILD'S HEALTH" that will give you the best information in the world. It was compiled by th. American Hygiene Association and published bv the American Red Cross. It is FREE. In filling out the coupon print name and address cr write very plainly. board officials. Alonzo Twe-ednlo, eomptroilc-r cf the board, was called as ;i witi-ss and u-s-lified that prior to his reeomniondiri:-: Mr. Rolling for th.- appointment as that j treasurer ot tne snipping nonru " l.'Cen jiitoriiiiil ui nil' cuc'.-ujonx i' i Continued on page Joan anpearcd with a iowt-1 around his neck and a blanket about his PoIItuu' li:ms-if. stomach, showing he had bcon wound- Twvodale t-.-.-tified the el.ar: ed. Williams asserted Jean was in his i acainst Rolling had Wn ir.v estica; office while he (Williams) was pa- by Houston Thompson, assist, uT ; trolling and that he learned upon bis 1 return Jean was dead. i '.Continued o:i page -. tutor nt the meeting of tne league of ; nations assembly this morning. He ' occupied a place in the press g.'ill'-ry. j n Argentine Minister At Obregon Inaugural ! Republican A. P, Leasee! Wire j l.l'KNO Ma!.!i, Hi... Mi-xb'O. ha.-, 1' : aniba ss;'.d"f to ' of fieri.- Alvar cf Mexico. AIRES. N' a ; a" i i! . :;n. Manael m i n i t-r '. a M"'.-ial ina at t ion as p-.s-.i.-rt Frederic J. Haskin. Director, The Arizona Republican Information Bureau, Washington, D. C. I enclose herewith two cents in stamps for return postage on tin bookb-t: "The School Chi'd' Health." N'tii'1 '