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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 12, 1921
'AGE FOUR $13.00; THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN niOKNIX. ARIZONA riiWshed Kvery Morning by the ARTZOVA rT BUSIIIMi COMFANT Ertered at the l'ontof fie at Phoenix. Arizona, as aiau Mutt-r of the Second Clio" ij,ti resident and Publisher I 'w ight B. Hrd i-r.ernl J!n(T Charts A R ;.nes Manager w- T-KSDe.? Ka.tor J- pear N Editor A" Toun EUESCnirTTON RATES TN" ADVANCE Daily ana fctmu.iy ctrsXVT. STATE Oh" ARIZONA One year moa.. .j; mo.. IX ARIZONA r.Y MAIL OR CARRIER One year, JS.W. mn . $4 in: 3 mo.. 1 mo., 7jc. SUNDAY EDITION by mall only ..00 per year ni tOOl Private Branch Exchange rhOnC 400l connecting All Departments Cen,-, AdvertKirr nerresentaUves: Robert rmn-wirk Bid.. New York. MM rs 'M'VicilSS! W. R. RarranKer. Kruminer Pldg.. tjiin Peat Intellicencer Seattle. Title Insurance .I-MC. I-ea ArHeS. MFMBKKS OF THK ASSOCIATED FRKSS Rerrivin Pull Night Report, by leased Wire He Aaoclate.i Presi H exchisively entitled to the Ue fr republication of nil news dispatches credltea w it cr not therwl-e credited In this paper and also Ua local news published herein. A.l i-shla of re-publication ot apeciaJ dlapatch.es herela ate also reserved. . WEDNESDAY MOUNTING. JANUARY 12, 1921 - A good u-ord is an easy obligation. Bat not to speak ill requires only our silence which costs us nothing. Tillotson. Mr. Harding' Timely Protest In him whole presidential career Mr. Harding -will erebabry perform no ther act which will so country end even world-widely commend Itself aa hts pro test on Monday against the extravagance of lnaugu ral ceremonies. It Is true that times have changed somewhat inc Jefferson dismounted In front of the capital, hitched Ids horse with hi own hands, entered and took the oath of office. Kut no change of time or custom has warranted such a flaunting of wealth which we witness quadrennially at Washington and oftener elsewhere when smaller potentates are In ducted Into office. There Is then an outpouring of eo-called fashion whkh seeks at theso times somo official sanction of its vulgar display. All this Is out of keeping with, fur democratic pretensions. We ape the very man ners and customs which our sturdy forefathers con demned. The country will rejoice that Mr. Harding has had the courage also to condemn them. Such a display at this time with so largo a part of the world starving, with a still larger part ap proaching starvation, with the great volume of un employment in our own country Increasing, with the farmers from one end of the country to the other oppressed by fell circumstance, such a waste as Mr. Harding has stopped would have been as crim inal as it would have been vulgar. If it had been allowed to go on. the Republican party, as any party In power, would have been re membered for it and punished as It should have bee. There were many accumulated causes of the French Revolution, soma dating back to the time when, as Dickens observed, there was growing in the woods the timber of which tumbrils were to be made ar.d when there was yet growing the timber, and there yet remained in the ground the ore, from which was to be constructed that "engine terrible in history" the guillotine. Tut the precipitating causo was the dire poverty f the people in the latter eighties of tho Eighteenth century and the disregard of the nobility. No doubt, when Marie Antoinette "sneezed in the basket,' the horror of that eight was mitigated by the recollec tion of her brutal and languid reply amid the glories of her Little Trianon when she was told the people ould get no bread, "then why do they not eat ake?" There is in this country no responsible class against which an indignant people can protest, and in no event could there be such a bloody protest. But there is a protest always to bo lodged against the party in power which lends its sanction or more than that, which furnishes the opportunity for these out rageous exhibitions of wealth and waste. That party would "sneeze In the basket" of popular disapproval. Physical heads would not be removed but there would-be a political decapitation at the polle. We are gratified at the action of Mr. Harding mil at tho ready acceptance ot his views by those wlm had charge of the arrangements for the Inau gural ceremonies. It is only to be regretted that the preparations had teen so inadvisedly begun, to make it r.eceasary for the president-elect to protest, in be . t If of '---f and the people. i :r I Hiflhway and Other Bonds Vnde'r the head of "Municipal Financing In 1920." lhe Dally Bona Buyer indulges in a review and a prophecy of peculiar interest to Maricopa county and f hardly less interest to the city of rhoenlx. During the' last year there was absorbed about $750,000,000 ', t the bonds of states, counties and municipalities, somewhat less than the absorptions of the previous ,far following the release ot the country from the ",-apiUl Issues Committee during whose regime there wa a preat curtailment of public construction ac tivities and incidentally a vast reduction in the vol ume of public bond Issues. immediately states and municipalities resumed their public work programs involving the issuance of ...nuon, of dollars worth of bonds. Koads which had ,een left half completed were finished, schools that . i .1 r i ,i). houli have been built ana serving iruru v, ruts and neglected urban populations were con iracted for and in hundreds of other ways public of ficials resumed their work of extension, addition and era'.r ot municipal properties. Probably but for tl higher prices ot material and higher wages ot labor, the volume of undertak es Knci ,ssups W0UlJ fcaT bCPn gre8trr eV'n 'han they were the year following the war. In th early part of 1020 municipal bonds en-' j.nel an active market, the demand from wealthy ,.,"rson. seeking an escape from Income taxes con ins to suiply most ot the strength of the n -.rket But cs we painfully learned in this county. rices declined along with all other classes of bonds inning their low level for If year about the first vf September. But toward the end of the year th. market exhibited renewed strength and activity. The following extract from the bulletin is of .perlal interest to us: "n outstanding feature- of present day mun v'pil finance 13 the pood roads movement which has VBH tho country in tho M--t few years and has e-., taheu up bv the public with the greatest energy m -1 er-.tl u.-i.i-m f .v.," t war. due, i.o doubt, to the ,i. r.,! :';. of the economy. -ffieieticy . ,.f j i,-p.;nsr bv notor trucK tun j j ... , , . i no ? ion of t.ew hitrhwiyss ac , . -;' ,; j..ut rf tho f.n-a-clr; of th- . ; . .,,1 v ; i-i coming J-'.-va '-'-'P the marl-tt supplied with millions of dollars' worth of bondn, the rroceeds of the sale of which will pay for additional roads and their upkeep." e Capital Punishment A canvass made ot every state in the union shows that sentiment is swinging back toward cap ital punishment. In 1918 there were S3 legal ex ecutions In the United States; in 1917 there were the same number. Before the war clemency was gaining on venegance, reform on punishment- But the tidal wave of crime that has swept the nation since the war has brought swift reaction in a swing toward the death penalty In tho 26 states that in voke it. . In 25 of these 36 states, and the District of Co lumbia, from 1 to 14 persons are awaiting the gal lows, or the electric chair, or the firing squad. In Idaho two women are under death sentence. Re ports from all these states are that juries are more severe, judges slower to grant new trials and govern ors more Infrequently commuting sentences. Tho canvass of the ration shows the following have prisoners awaiting execution: Alabama 2 Montana 4 Arizona 3 New Jersey 4 Arkansas ... 14 New York 13 California 4 North Carolina 8 District of Columbia.. 3 Ohio 8 Georgia ................ 1 Oklahoma 4 Idaho (two women)... 3 Pennsylvania S Indiana 2 South Carolina Illinois 8 Tennessee 4 Kentucky 1 Texas 10 Maryland 1 Utah 2 Mississippi 6 Virginia 1 Missouri 2 Wyoming 1 There are 11 states that' do not have capital punishment. They are: Kansas, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhodo Island, South Dakota, Washington,, Wisconsin and Iowa. Eleven states that have capital punishment laws, but report no executions pending, are: Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, Vermont, Flor ida and New Mexico. Police in New York, Chicago, Cleveland and other large cities beset by murderous gangs of criminals who commit on busiest thoroughfares crimes which, formerly were believed possible only in the "wild west," are foremost in demanding . capital punish ment. Many citizens, public officials and authorities on crime support the police. Eut opponents of ''legal murder" declare blood shedding by the state fails of its purpose. They argue that states without capital punishment have suffered no worse from the crime wave than 6tates Inflicting the death penalty. Raymond Fosdick of New Tork, leading authority on police administration and criminology. Bays: "Capital punishment is still necessary in Amer ica. "It has a greater deterring effect on crime than any other thing. "Any movement to abolish capital punishment would encourage and Increase crime." We tried for two years to get along without capi tal punishment and witnessed a rapid increase in the number of homicides. They almost ceased in the three months following the restoration of the gallows. But when it appeared that on account of the laxity of the courts and the lack of sympathy of the gov ernor and pardon board with capital punishment, there was another homicidal Increase until two men were actually hanged. Immediately thereafter there was a falling off of murders. But some years having elapsed since a legal execution homicides nave lately been increasing. MADTVDC nrTV Tl- rL DMAA;i:;i.V, R Htrhrt Jnhnsnn a f!c,d for constnt ctivc work and sat It will not be long until the Salt River valley has regained Us agricultural stride, and then it will not soon lose it again. I 1 r. ! I ' HORSESHOE LUCK For a good many years the finding of horseshoes and of four-leaf clovers have been considered . the emblems of, good luck. Clover leaves, probably, are as plentiful as they used to be, but horseshoes are disappearing from the roadways due to the advent of automobiles. But peoples' luck stays with them pretty well. . Away back in the centuries arose the idea of a horseshoe bringing good luck to the finder. In the early days horseshoes were nailed up over doors. And tho reason for nailing them up over the portals was that they "kept the witches away." It was good luck to find one that the witches might be banned and after belief in witchcraft faded, the horse's shoe" was considered a good omen anyhow, and from those days to theso, it has been tho custom to nail it above the door for luck. Eut one must be very careful and see that the points of the shoe are up else all the luck will run out Very wise people have believed in the efficacy of the railed up shoe. No, less a person than Lord Nelson nailed one to the mast of hid good ship Vic tor'. If it didn't bring him victory, why, of course, he must have had the shoe nailed up wrong side to. And four-leaf clovers are just as lucky as they used to be. This season's crop may be pretty well harvested. Eut if you care for one, look in the old Bible, or autograph album. Ktirely there are a few nicely pressed and waiting for you there. JUVENILE COURTS More than 175.000 children were brought before courts in the United States in the past year. Ot these. 50,000 came before courts not adapted to handling children's cases. Although every state except one had laws providing for juvenile proba tion, less than half the courts hearing children's cases actually had probation service. The majority of the courts failed to make ade- , eiuate investigation of the child's home and family circumstances, his physical and mental condition, and his personal tendencies. Especially in small towns and rural districts . the child is still subjected to tho unsocialized treat ment which the juvenile court was designed to re place. However, certain important tendencies are noted in juvenile court work. The intelligent methods worked out by the best courts are being adopted by others. Facilities for mental and physical examina tions are being extended. Co-operation between the courts and other social agencies has been increasing, and in some instances social agencies have piven the services of trained social workers for probation work. A further development is indicated in the tend ency to nurse the cases of children with those of their famileis.. and to try them before "farnily" or "domestic" relations courts. In this way "the child is dealt with as a member of his family and ill the family circumstances are taken into account. NOT A LOSS; IT'S A GAIN While congress wrestles with the prohki.1 of in creasing its membership tiu- French Chamber of Deputies faces an entirely different situation. It will lose members by the latest French population estimates. The war did it. The war dealt more savagely with France than wiht this country. War dead alone have left a great gip in population. ThTe are 30 deputies, one for every 7.",0-) in habitants. Tito i.ext 'h;iml ' r members. Kronen r" a ;-i 1 " ; .- clearest In inkers me i:cnn d in : hT a national hN'inr. As one -,("-mcrnb r chanb r i:i pro.in, the la rger beri y . '' (tff OLZ BOY'S AS " I muCTANT ASA By I rtRRtER At A PffofoUNpmiAHCHOL 4$ MB PKTATES IOTTY fTA7&m fc WELTM ANP rH PIEPUL PSMAHP O? tilt OpyntM. y Mrrfervt jAkntno FORTY YEARS AGO TODAY From the ihoenix Herald, which was abaorbad by Tho Arurone Re publican in 199, and for tima was published M an evening edition Wednesday, January 12, 1881 I Chicago, Jan. 11 A recent issue of J the Turf, Field and Farm contained a challenge from Mr. Rose of Los An geles, Cal., to trot his three-year-old Sweetheart against any colt one year older for $10,000. Col. John W. Con ley of this city has accepted the chal lenge for $3,000 and has named his four-year-old colt Director, hy Dicta tor. The race is to be trotted over the track of the Chicago Thriving club July 9, next, he allowing Mr. Rose $1,000 for expenses. Washington, Jan. 11 Blackburn of fered a resolution reciting that-there was on the speaker's table a volumi nous paper referring to abu?es of the franking privilege, and moved that a committee of five be appointed to ex amine these charges and other abuses that may be brought to its attention about transmission of documents, let ters, etc. The Legislature n rrescott. Jan. 12 Resolutions . were passed granting Hugh Farley, district attorney or Pima county, leave of ah senoe for 60 days, also granting R. W. Leatherwood. treasurer, Pima county, leave of absence for six months. A bill was introduced to amend chapter 35, compiled laws of 1877, also a oil! to regulate tne Dusinesa oi butchering, compelling slaughterers to keep account of the number and weight of stock killed, and retain the hides for 10 days. Local Mrs. Dr. Pickens informs us that her business is assuming considerable pro portions. This is as it ishould be, for the lady has given so many proofs of her skill as physician that It Is but right that the public tender her a large share of their patronage. In the year 1846 Elias Howe patent ed the first sewing machine, since which date this little labor saver has been wonderfully imprdved, and today 34 years later one of the best in use is the Royal St. John, for which Post master Mowrey Is agent. Ladies, call at the post office arid see it. Charles Megguler, advance agent of the Nellie Boyd troupe, called on us today. He informs us that the company is now playing at Tip-Top, after a very successful season in Prescott. i isfactory results c an be secured if tha I laws now on our statute books ara amended or new ones framed, designed I not for partisan advantage, but freq and untrammelpd expression. Imnrw ant among such changes should be n provision for the absent voter. Th Utah law, to which I have given som study, seems amply adequate and pro vides necessary safeguards against fraud. Indefiniteness Its Weakness The land code should be made mors definite, workable and effective through amendment. Whether or not this important department is conducted In a satisfactory manner depends to a large degree upon sane and equitable administration of its affairs. The fact was made clearly apparent but recent ly that ahe methods heretofore fol lowed did not meet with public ap proval. The question of increased revenue from this heritage is admin istrative, not legislative, and will take time to work out so that legitimate rights win not be disturbed, or penal ized. A Droad policy, divorced from even the suspicion of special privilege or favoritism, I am certain will be followed.v Recommendations for need ful legislation will be placed before yon by the land board or commissioner and should bo given careful study before enactment. . Consolidation of Departments Touching on ray ideas on centralized government, there are consolidations which, it meeting with your approval. could be made at once. The depart-" ment of weights and measures should be placed under the Jurisdiction of the corporation commission, thereby insur- ng more efficient service and satis factory regulation. The office ot apiary Inspector In its very , nature ehould come under the direction of the commission of agriculture and horti culture. It is the logical step and for the best interests of the industry. The laws governing both these orfices are In need of revision. Suggested change!. I am advised, have been prepared ana are ready for submission. The apiary Inspector has been working for tne past two years without compensation, all the fees received having been turned over to his predecessor. A re lief bill to compensate the incumbent would therefore be only an irct of right and Justice. Revision Spella Efficiency Many of the laws under which some of our departments are working r bndly in need of revision. Suggestions have been invited by me. but they f.ro too lengthy to be incorporated herein. These will be laid before you. however. and should prove of help iu your work, as they are conclusions based on ex perience. In this connection I woull direct your attention to tno igisiaiuo suggestions of the. department of vo- Governor's Message Read To Legislature (Continued From Page One) In a message covering every depart ment of the government of the state and making recommendations for amendatory legislation as to roads and various other topics. Governor Camp bell yesterday appeared before the leg islature in joint session. The message follows: Conditions' have, changed to a marked extent since it was last my duty and privilege, in compliance with the con stitution and statutes of the state of Arizona, to address your honorable body and make recommendations con cerning legislation, from an executive viewpoint, for the benefit and progress of the commonwealth. Two years ago, at this time, the nation and the world were yet dazed and unable to com prehend the fact that history's great est conflict had just ended. That event was too great, and its ramifications too many and far-reaching in effect to lose sight of or recover from in a moment. It was a critical period in many ways. Not only were the seeds of unrest and dissatisfaction finding lodgment in fer tile, soil, but false prophets were abroad in the land preaching doctrines of hatred and destruction of government. Tho foundation of loyalty upon which this nation was builded seemed to shake under the assaults to which it was subjected, and wise men counseled, seeking to save the tottering temple of, civilization from sacreligious and de structive hands. It seemed as though chaos was about to supplant sanity and reason, and that brutish instinct was to bo given the leading part in the tragic drama of human affairs. We were groping like children, in the dark, fearful of, yet visualizing its unknown terrors, but praying that the path we were blinly following would lead us into tho light. Economic conditions were unsettled and uncertain; man viewed his luother with distrust and suspicion; we were face to face with a period of readjustment and reconstruc tion, but hesitancy nd uncertainty marked our attitude. The demand was insistent and peremptory that the state taxation shall be limited to our pres ent necessities. It is my earnest hope thafwithin a year conditions will so readjust themselves that I will feel warranted and Justified In calling a special session of the legislature and making recommendations to it which I do not now feel free to offer. Arizona is a crowim? state, and it naturally follows that her financial ex penditures must keep pace with her development. But this does not mean that we can not sacrifice in many ways without harmful effect. I know, there fore, that you will receive my recom mendations regarding fiscal affairs in the spirit in which they are offered, mindful of the fact that the major re sponsibility is one entrusted to the members of your body, but that I am desirous of co-operating to the fullest extent and working in harmony with vou in this and other matters. The legislative and executive departments are co-ordinate branches of this gov ernment, although past history might indicate the contrary. I am certain that partisanship will be buried dur ing the session of the Fifth state legis lature, and a record of beneficial and constructive legislation will be made outstanding by reason of quality rather than quantity, well worthy of emula tion by your successors, and meriting the commendation of those your rep resent. Roads, Education, Administrative Consolidation There are three principal subjects 1 desire to stress and which, in my opinion, by reason of their importance. demand earnest and careful considera tion roads, education and administra tive reform, the latter through consoll dation or centralization of depart ments of government. My views on the first two will be embodied in this writ fest reluctance to keep step with prog- cational education. Dr.George EGood ress by accepting what is new, pro- rich, state superintendent of , p-iblio vided that careful and diligent inquiry health, Mr. Clarence Dana, stat dairy shows that it is meritorious and will commissioner, and'Mr. T. C. Cuvellier, serve the ends for which it is intended, executive secretary of the hoard o. Departmental Reports health on the tuberculosis situation in In accordance with the requirements 1 this state. These propjsed changes ot the statutes, reports have been sub- are designed to make existing laws muted to this office by the various more effective, promot? me gener-n departments and Institutions of the health and to aid industry. Among state. These reports outline the ex- other legislation Bvbmitted to mo and penditures and activities for the fiscal which will , doubtless be passed upon year ending June 30, 1920, and con- by you, are acts to regulate prou-o-tain many suggestions some of which sibnal nursing and for toe establish -possess merit. They are too extensive ment and maintenance of a depart to permit of their being included in this ment of tuberculosis. message but I Use this means of trans- Another report, which snoui i engage mltting. the same to your honorable your studious attention, embodies tho body. recommendations of a representative Relief Bills of the United States public health Tour attention is directed to the service, as a result of 'a survey madu claims of Bashford-Burmlster com- of the public health activ t'.ts .'ir.j,x pany $409.76, J. B. Lyman Judgment isting sanitary laws of th! tate. Cert, for $2500, and Tovin & Co. $72.50, for tain changes and Consolidations would the payment of which relief bills are necessarily follow, if you ayrce wUa necessary. Complete data for your in- these conclusions, including the trans formation is being submitted, showing ferring of the office of slate tiairy that these claims' are Just and legal and commissioner to the Jurisdicucn of tn should be met. state health department. The adoption Brief Legislative Recommendations of these suggestions would result in tho There are a number of Important appointment of a Juil-tims -health matters to which I will briefly call commissioner and the adoption of a your attention and invoke for them plan, state-wide in scope, which would your thought and action, before discus- aid in safeguarding the health of the sing the two major subjects of this peepie ana successruuy omoa: cpi message. I would recommend: jdemics. with a matet'al reduction over Declaring cotton gins a public utll-; present expenditures, ity, tJitterent Activities Mo.-e mportant Amendment of the present divorce The future of the office of historian law so as to effectuate its palpable I and how it shall best serve the staus purpose by providing for an Interlocu- Is a question open for determination. tory decree which does not become The Fourth legislature manitestea its final until the expiration of one year will, contrary to inv ideas, and ex- from the date of the original decree. pressed the opinion that the wor t ir Providin? a site and a new home for compiling and puDiistiing a state nw- juvenile girl delinquents, thus effecting tory should proceed indefinitely. I t a segregation or tne sexes at me siaie uie u.u ui ni mj i-uuuon ui c;u;i Industrial school. covering Mormon sett:.? uen's in .?- Meetine the co-operative offer of the zona was begun, j h;s interesting in- Urdted States government for indus- formation Is now realy for.publieRfion. trial rehabilitation. j Collection is also n progress of what Amending the law so that only will eventually be i eoiuoi.v.e list T American citizens are eligible for ad- Arizona place names with attached tx- mission to the Pioneers' Home ana planatlon of their meaning and origin, limiting admission to those who have In view is the issuanc j of a one-volume been residents of the state since the history of Arizona which shall be used year 1885. las a text book in our schools. th Making provision for the care of or- state nistory uas not neen a imaneia, phans and half-orphans through home-1 success, and 1 lenously doubi the nC- finding societies, whicn has oeen visaDinty oi r.t prM-it cor.uruin.; ;i. Droven by the experience of a great publication beyond the fro volumes many states to be the practical and above referred to. For several yen i s humanitarian way of meeting this problem. Americanization or our roreign pop ulation by cooperatlpn with 'the fed eral government in such work through the state department of education. The appointment of a commission to study and report hack to your body a Workmen's Compensation Law. equal ly fair to employer and employe. For my view on this matter and niy rea sons for recommending such action, I respectfully refer you to that portion of my message to the Fourth state leg islature, which treats the subject at length. , Liberty Day November 11th should be designated as Liberty Day and a legal holiday. Although I hold the unalterable con viction that the legislature has been too generous in this respect, my in clinations and conception of duty im pel such a recommendation. It would not only be a fitting recognition of an outstanding event, the signing of the armistice which terminated the World in a special message. Dr. A. E. Buck of New York, noted governmental ef ficiency expert, has been employed to draft a plan for the revision and re construction of our state government, and the result of his labors will be placed before you during the early parf of the session. Already the term "administrative consolidation" has come to have a very definite meaning. It is, in bref, the ing but the third will later be presented War, but an honor due to the men of I I.Frt I sin a Vi a a aitarn 1 nff4nne en4 -honid provide for its citizens until i cuis i"""" , s ;U tin e. as thev could stand on their agencies concerned with the admlnis- v foot. But "a hand greater than tration of the state s affairs into a few that which rules human destinies was I co-ordinate departments with heads roteetinir us. From the appointed by the governor responsible encircling gloom we stepped forth with j stout lit art and fixed determination to du our part or the great task. Most of the problems were success fully solved, and then followed de velopment and growth on a scale that almost de'ied the imagination. Dis cord and rancor disappeared; industry flourished, and almost over night we became a happy, contented and pros perous people. Today we face another readjustment of our material affairs, calling for care tul deliberation and statesmanship of i:o mean order. Our major industries 1: ive i.bo'lt a -id th" lat'iori's ii a. suia V.r r chain -v. ;-n.-r put it, -'tho I r 1 1( ,. ( i,, : t j, . a lining. !-... li'd agriculture and livestock, have a point close to a crisis. .- t n ' : t he exercised, but econ th" i.ropor knnl. ( 'in' house l-.cpt in or.l. r and maintained; i to him. Integration of the administra- Arizona whose bravery and sacrifices are entitled to more substantial re ward. The name carries its own sig nificance and is broader in concept than the political division in which it would tie observed. While our debt of gratitude is local to some extent, it reaches out to our defenders in this and other nations, who t ought that Liberty should not perish from the earth. Audit Is Needed The affairs of our corporation, the state, in some ways tire managed very loosely and in an unbusinesslike way. Hundreds of thousands of dollars are handled annually by certain executive v . iiauuicu aiujuaiij' it'i loan f.ecuiie tion is thus brought about; useless and 1 otfict.rSi yct a cneck of their books nas obsolte offices and agencies are abol ished, and related functions are grouped under the same departmental management. Responsibility for the administration is fixed the governor and his few department heads are placed In the limelight of public opinion. The Old Order Changeth A survey Of conditions convinces me it is not so much that new laws are needed for the successful conduct of tho stal as that existing Vaw be amended to conform to changed condi tions. We do not lack laws. To the contrary, we are over-burdened vith tin in and many on our statute books ould be repealed and tlie.r absence iii'o tsioti inu-t be ni. i r our care in various itisii it r,n should ivr'a.-"' li;c i , "-.'-tri'-e to the et that for ; never noted. Experience must be our r and guide in these matters. ten I w. should not. hesitate to discard what l.aA e found to be u.ees or lu.in!- Lnever been made. To the auditor is delegated this duty by law, but funds for such purpose have never been pro vided by tho legislature. No commer cial enterprise would countenance such negligence or risk the hazards involved. In fairness to the officers and the tax payers I would again recommend that a sufficient sum be appropriated for a thorough audit. Election Laws Defective at least. It is the opinion of the his torian. - in which I concur, that his department could function to more ef fective advantage in the capacity of a "depository of data covering ml per iods and phases of Arizona histmy : i ! development, kept .n such shape ps x be available immediately and rro.-t fully at the call ot any citizen or his torical student." This officj could also be uged io effective advantage In co-operation .vEa thit of tho adjutant general in preening a history of Ari zona men who par-Jem i ! fn h World War, thus perpetuating fo posterity a record of which we can justifiably feel proul. Justifies Its Existence The old commission of state insti tutions proved to be an expensive and inefficient method of managing he prison, hospital for the insane. Pio neers' Home and Industrial school, and Canltol building and grounds, hence my recommendation to the past legislat or for Its abolishment. In us p'a:e wa-- substituted the Board of Directors o State Institutions, which has demon strated its right to continued existent-; by the careful and economical minm : in which the affairs of these institu tions have been administered. Each r.n-t everv one was conducted within appropriation with the exception of th" asylum, the deficit in that instancy being due to increased population, and provision for width had not been made. In view of the high prices pre vailing and the more important fact that the needs of the inmates were not neglected but that their creature com forts were provided for even more a.!- -mi.m-iv ati''. ' ncronsly truri in th past, the accomplishment ':b ind. 1 notable. The experiment, and su. a it must he characterized, having demonstrated Ks worth as a busit.c s and governmental principle, there no hesitancy on my part in advoeati; : a continuance of the board, as i c constituted, with the recommend r.a i that an increased appropriation ! made to cover additional e?:pe;-.--s made necessary by the completion of the addition to the Capitol bu;i din". The Budget Systematization of state fi ht en accomplished through ' I o i The need of chaneo in our elective laws is still existent. Revision was department, the rc-su, attemnted durinc the last rccular ses-il-.iig found in the copir sion, but did not offer proper nl.'-i. Experiment since- statehood h.--1 d-in-onstrated that the ma hi:i iv for r.is- i r.ce; e la,.' is l.-i tering the wi'l o; only cutrilu rsi -in fails of its piirp" only aggravated. 'io-;!' 1 r v-Tiie,': -till -for. it..- is not un-.t a i-iy but : sam- abuses, cull i i nue. but or. your desks, cot-tains impel f tlli't we hi,',! ground, 1 ' 1 it i era bio value in i prepared cnii'i- AVI 1"