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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, April 13, 1921, Section Two, Image 20

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'(Section Two)
Unions the famous stories of i the
?st that stirred the Imagination of
the younger generation 60 years -Ago
with thoughts of redskins and buck
skin shirts and long barreled ntles
the account of the massacre of four
members of the Oatman family at
Oatman hill and the ensuing cap
tivity among the Apaches of two of
tlie daughters was one of the best
k.-town and the widest read. And at
tirfs late day Interest in the massacre
ciinnot but be aroused again bv the
stftement that the man who found
tlie bodies of Oatman, his wife and
to children and the senseless form
oft his son, is still living in Phoenix,
feere he has been an officer of the
hijy for more than 45 years and whose
mmory still goes back clearly to
lfjil, when he was 5 years old, and
when it was his part to see the man
g!d remains of those who had been
cifnpanions to him and his people
daring a long journey to California.
fl'his pioneer, whose life has been
fiOed with adventure to a greater
y;ree than is perhaps his Bhare, is
Cjpt. H. C. McDonald, 1017 West
TSylor street, who wears badge No. 1
ofi the Phoenix -police department
uifd who for almost half a century
has been engaged in the enforcement
fj the law in Maricopa county.
it was in 1831 that a party of emi
grants passed through Arizona on
UIr way to California. The various
members of the party formed a large
vfigon train, and among those mak
ing the trip were the McDonald fam
ily and the Oatman family. One of
the McDonald family, a child of 2
years, had died while the party was
nearing Old Maricopa, and the train
had stopped there for burial.
Despite, the warnings of the other
members of tb,e train, Oatman, who
is described at having been a very
religious man and who held the
. thought always that God would pro
tect him, set out with his family in
an ox cart about two days before the
train itself was to begin its journey
again. The McDonald family was
furious to reach Fort Yuma, where
there was a doctor and where Mc
Donald's sister, Arza Stroud, was born
t few days later. They set out, the
I'uuHy including McDonald's father
and mother and grandmother, and
four or five men, and reached the
present Oatman flats without un
toward incident. Arrived at the
flats,' however, the grandmother and
young McDonald walked to the top
of a little hill and there they found
the grewsome remains of what
had been the Oatman party. On the
ground were the bodies of Oatman.
his wife and two children, all of whom
had been scalped, while the wagon
was nothing but a charred mass of
wood and twisted iron. At the foot
of a bluff a short distance away was
the body of the son, Charles, who was
BtUl breathing, although he had been
scalped and thrown over the cliff.
The bodies of two of the daughters,
Wary and Ollie, were not found, for
the girls had been captured and taken
away by the Indians.
As McDonald and his grandmother
looked at the carnage about them
they saw a detachment of soldiers
from Fort Tumi In the distance.
These had been informed in some
manner of the massacre and were in
pursuit of the Apaches who had per
petrated it. The grandmother assist- j
id the soldiers in burying the bodies.
Mid a famous captain of the Pimas,
Juan Jose, carried the boy, Charles,
back to a Pima village, where the
youngster recovered arfti is yet liv
ing, according to the best information
In the possession of McDonald.
The story of the massacre itself,
us It was unfolded partially during
the Investigations which followed,
was that a band of Yuma Apaches
had come into the Oatman camp and
bad talked with the members of the
family In quite a friendly spirit. Sud
denly a eignal was given and the
Indians whirled upon Oatman and
his. family, braining all but the son
and Mary and Ollie, scalping them
and then robbing the wagon and eet
- tins it on fire. -
Mary, one of the captured daugh
fr lived among the Yumas for
year or two and then died. Ollie
remained with them for many years,
finally being purchased by a man
named Carpenter, who was also car
nniter at Fort Yuma, who released
ber. Her brother, Charles, spent many
rears afterward In meneciuai ai
.mi find his sister. Ollie mar
ried after her release and is believed
i'- otiil livine in California.
in giving the particulars of this
tafcious massacre, uapiain
repeated the opinion of all the pi
that the Apaches and the
t-'imas were "bad" Indians, while the
Pimas were exceptionally good, their
bot being that they had never snea
th. blood of a w hite man.
McDonald went on to California
with his parents, where he lived for
leveral years on the San Joaquin riv
er "In Fresno county. After a trip or
two east he came into Maricopa coun
ty ',ln 185, and has lived in Phoenix
p.vr since, as also has his wife. Cap
tain McDonald is a Texan, having
ben born in Georgetown, Williamson
county. 75 years ago.
Vpon his arrival in Phoenix Cap
tam McDonald was made a deputy
pheriff and for 20 years he served In
this capacity. He was an ofiV-er of
Hie law during all of the stirring his
tory of 20 and 40 years ago, and was
well acquainted with all the oharac
. . . -XJE ".- V
This building was erected on the old Center street school grounds in the
middle of the block and facing Central avenue. It was demolished in 1838.
Early Days of Life In Phoenix
Are Here Related By Lon Teel
Scene: A rangy adobe dance hall,
located on the site now occupied by
the Dorrls-Heyman furniture com
pany. Time: 1S73.
Characters: Pioneers' of the Salt
River valley.
Men and women were stepping off
the old fashioned square dance to the
strains of an orchestra half hiddep
from view and well out of the way
of the dancers on an elevated plat
form. Suddenly loud voices arose
in one corner of the dance hall. A
shot was fired. Men vlutched their
six shooters which hung conveniently
at their sides. More shots were fired.
A man dropped. Women screamed.
Members of the orchestra made t.
wild scramble for ambush, and then
the platform gave way and the mu
sicians dropped to the floor amid a
maze of struggling men and women
and falling instruments.
This is only one small incident of
many which occurred in the early
days of Phoertix, as recalled by Lon
Teel who now conducts a grocery
store on North Central avenue.
Lon Teel migrated from Texas to
Arizona in 1870, when he was 16
years old. He was a member of a
large party which traveled in a
freighter train of 40 wagons. In this
same train was Emma Morrell. At
the Pecos river the train was di
vided, one-half taking' the southern
route into Arizona, and the others
making the trip by way of Albu
querque, the San Francisco moun
tains, and down into Prescott. Lon
Teel came into Arizona by the north
ern route, and Emma Mirrell made
the trip with the other party. To
day Emma Morrell is Mrs. Lon. Teel.
Arriving at Prescott, October - 7.
1870, Mr. Teel stayed there for about
a month and then came south to
Phoenix. There was not a house
of any kind here when he arrived.
People were living in wickiups. The
first house built here, according to
Teel, was an adobe erected by a man
named Dennis, on the site of the pres
ent Phoenix flour mill building at the
oorner of Ninth and "Van Buren
streets. The' place was used as a
postoffice and general store.
Outdoor celebrations and entertain
ments of those days were generally
held at the race track, which included
a quarter section known as tyie Old
Man Buck tract: It was bounded by
the town ditch on two sides and Sev
enth avenue and Roosevelt street.
One of the events observed in the
78's was San Juan day. ."Those who
participated in the sport of this oc
"News of big and wonderfully rich j
gold strikes reached us at White j
Plains, Nev, just as the excitement
there was petering out," recalls John j
Branen, a guest at the Pioneer's
Home.. "Most of these stories were
spread by people who had never been
to Prescott, but liked to be thought
wise. Finally, a party of 18 started
for the -Arizona diggings. This jwas
early in 1S6. We arrived without
mishap and. of course, found the
stories of finds much exaggerated.
In our party were Dan Thorne, Doc
Tompkins, Jack Moore, Joe Cum- j
mings and a lot of others whose
names I do not recall. We all went
into the store kept by Abe and Dave
Henderson, which stood where Kast
ner's is now, and got a drink, and
then we separated.
"While prices for everything were
high, wages were low. I worked fit
Skull valley for a while at $40 and
found and it was all round ranch
work. Then some friends of mine
who knew I had driven on the Over
land, got me a job on the stage
from Prescott to LaPaz. I was not
to start in until July 10, but Doc
Tompkins, who waa driving then,
wanted to he in Preacott over the
Fourth of July, so I took the stage
ters, good and bad, that made up the
population of Maricopa county then
and since.
One of his best recollections ia the
fact that although he was employed
bythe Wells-Fargo company for sev
en "years as a messenger in guarding
bullion shipments into Phoenix, from
the Vulture mine and from Prescott,
lis stage was never held up nor was
ever an ounce of metal missing. On
the third trip after WellsrFargo had
discontinued its service in carrying
the bullion and when it was being
transported by the mining companies,
the stage from the Vulture mine was
held up, the superintendent of the
mine. Dribble, and two guards were
killed, and the bullion shipment sto
len. Captain and Mrs. McDonald have
six children living in Phoenix and
one in New York, 10 grandchildren
and two great-grandchildren. His
children are: Captain Ted McDonald.
Phoenix fire department; Miss Belle
McDonald, Mrs. Lizzie Coyle, Mrs.
Frankie Collins. Mrs. Mattie Crosier,
Miss Ollie McDonald and Mrs. Dr.
Alma Godfrey of New York City. -
For 25 years Captain McDonald has
been a member of the police depart
ment and carries badge No. 1, having
particular charge of the Five Points
district, near which he lives.
casion mounted horseback and raced
for a chicken. The first one to pick
it up from his horse would hit the I
others over the head with it until
someone managed to take it from
This wild game almost precipitated
a race riot in 1873. In telling of it
Teel said :
"We got a big husky negro with
a head of stone to get into the game.
No matter how hard the chicken was
threshed across his skull it never
seemed to bother him, but when he )
used the fowl as a weapon it resulted !
in some sore Mexican heads. This !
aroused some of the Mexicans and !
presently someone fired a shot. There ;
was then a general free-for-all. One '.
white man rushed past me, lashing I
his horse into greater speed with
his revolver, while immediately be- I
hind him rode a Mexican brandish- j
ing a long biaded knife. I did some j
fast scrambling for safety."
In making a horseback trip to
Prescott. accompanied by Bill Wade,
Teel found the bodies of two men and
a boy who had been killed by Indians
at the Agua Fria crossing on the
old wagon road. The Indians had
stripped the boy naked and then had
burned him at the stake.
"There were several times that I
helped to fight the Apaches right
here in the Salt River valley," Teel
Another Indian atrocity recorded
by Teel was an attack made on a
train being freighted by Joe Fry. Just
reached the summit of Wolse hill,
the Indians sent a fusillade of arrows,
killing one man. Fry quickly took
his lead mules to the front, as much
out of danger as possible, and re
turned lead for the arrows. He killed
several Indians and the rest flad.
One of the first improvements made
in the vicinity of Phoenix was the
digging of the Swillen ditch above
the location of the present state hos
pital, up to the Joint head diversion
dam of today. All the first ditches
were taken out with hand shovels.
Among these .was the "Dutch" ditch
which irrigated the Wilson district
the Griffen ditch and the Prescott
ditch, which was on the south side
of the river.
"Those were days of hard work
and many privations when I farmed
on the south side of the river," Teel
commented, "but at that time none
of us realized the real nature of the
conditions about us. It is in ret
rospect that we appreciate the ex
citement and the hardships."
out for him. An escort of eight sol
diers accompanied the stage out of
Prescott to Date creek. . There the
horses and the escort was changed.
Just as we were going through Bell's
canyon, where Johnny and Arthur
Robinson own a ranch now, we found
a dead man who had been killed by
Indians and left in his tracks. About
wo tniles. further on, we passed
another dead man who had been
killed and his head smashed in with
rocks. This was my introduction to
stage driving.
"It is odd, bat during the time I
was driving stage, and it was two
years and four months. I never saw
a hostile Indian. My section of the
trip was from Wickenlurg to LaPaz.
we started early in the morning and
arrived late the next day. This
meant two days and a night of con
tinuous service. It makes me smile
when I compare this with "eight
hours and time and a half lor over
time" of the men engaged in trans
portation work today. For this I got
$75 a month. But I was scon earn
ing extras that began to average $300
monthly. It was because folks would
rather trust their valuables to me,
paying me $1 on each $100 valuation
for the bullion and money transport
ed, than to put it In the company's
strong box, that I finally lost my
job. The boss tried to establish what
he called "express service" after he
found out how much I was making
and then he got sore because the peo
ple for whom I had been carrying
valuable continued to turn them over
to me.
"Although I never clashed with the
Indians or with stage robbers my
self, they frequently made trouble.
I always went heavily armed, but my
rifle and pistol would have been use
less If I had to hold down four jump
ing horses. One night in going
through what we caled the Deep
Wash, about 60 miles beyond Cullen's
Wells, we ran into a war party of
at least 60 Apaches. They were lying
in the sands and some of them were
in the middle of the road. They had
a sort of superstitious fear of attack
ing in the night, I think; at any rate
they let us pass, although some of
the warriors had to move for us to
get by.
"There was a very bloody attack
made on the stage on November 6,
1872. The Indians ambushed the
stage at the bottom of a dep draw.
a little ways out of Wlckenburg. John
Lenz, the driver, tried to rush away.
But they killed his nigh leader and
the frightened team was drawn
around into the bank. Lenz was
killed. So was a man named Loring,
a reporter for the New York Times, j
who had come out to write up the
camp at Prescott. Mr. Adams, who
kept a flour store at Phoenix, was
killed and robbed of $14,000. A man
named Shohome, who had a Jewelry
store at Prescott, ran up the road
quite a way. When the Indians
caught him they took his hair. He
was the only one of the party who
was scalped.
"A man named Krueger, who was
iuartermaster'8 clerk for Colonel Ba
ker at Fort Whipple, and his sweet
heart, Molly Shepherd, a girl of the
town, who was going out with her
earnings, about $17,000, got away, al
though both were badly wounded.
The Shepherd girl lost her money anj
finally died from the effects of her
wound. The Indians made a big haul
that time, as there was a lot of money
on the 'stage and they got it all.
Krueger and the girl were chased by
the Indians for a while, but Krueger
frightened them off by a trick of
making them think the buckboard
that came out with water for the
stage horses had come up. The pur
suers rejoined their comrades and the
Indians got away with tne loot.
"The Point or Rocks at Granite
Delia was a great rendezvous for
the Indians. They made a good many
kills in the immediate vicinity of
Trescott. One man, who grazed his
cows below the post, was killed over
where the ct-metery is now.
"I'rescott was always a remarkable
town for money. The miners
brought it in from the hills. Out
siders brought it in to be spent in the
mines. Always a large part of it
and sometimes all of it went to the
places along what was then called
Whiskey Row, that is, Montezuma
street. Joe Crane, who had an elab
orate place where the St. Michael
hotel now stands, would frequently
clean up as much as $'!0.000 in a
.-inprle night. For a little town of a
j lew thousand inhabit a in.a. Uui muiin
I a great deal."
SwgE? ki ii-' i
This building was located where Eddie Doyle's cigar store now stands. In the picture ar: Seated, left to
right Judge C. A. Tweed, Mrs. Tweed, Col. Price of Port McDowell, Mrs. General Chaffee, Charles E. McClin
lock, editor of the Herald; General Chaffee, Captain William A. Hancock, J. J. Gasper, acting governor. Stand
ing at left. Col. J. H. McClintock. .-
How The City
Was Given
By James C. Goodwin
University of Arizona Monthly,
January, 1901
In the fall of 1S69, four men sat on
the border of a newly constructed ca
nal. These men were citizens of the
world, the nucleus of the citizenship
of Arizona. J. L. Larson was of Da
nish birth. He had prospected Arizo
na from Harrisburg on the Colorado
river to Finos Altos on the New Mex
ican line. He had passed over trails,
stumbling upon victims of Apaches,
while behind him the Apaches killed
and scalped others, but "Burro John"
was never molested. ITe traveled al
ways along a trail behind his burro
with his eyes on the ground. Alone,
always alone, except for his burro.
The Apaches looked upon him as
crazy, and In their superstition they
never harm a crazy man.
Another of these men was an Eng
lishman, Lord Duppa. He was a sec
ond son of a noble family, well edu
cated, a great reader, a great thinker
and a pleasing talker. W ben his elder
brother died he inherited the English
estates, but he never returned to Eng
land. Drawing rents quarterly, he
lived like a gentleman, spending the
rentals for drink. He died in Phoe
nix a few years ago.
The most important and most noted
of the trio was J. W. Swilling. He
died at Yuma penitentiary while un
dergoing confinement for a crime of
which he was not guilty. He was a
typical AVestern man. He had mined
for gold at Weaver and along the
Hassayampa, and almost everywhere
else in Arizona. He organized pros
pecting parties, gaining money to lose
in other enterprises, bluffing fate.
living a life of danger, toil and hard
ship, fighting Apaches, outrivaling In
real life any story of fiction. He was
an optimist always, believing that to
morrow woud give him what yester
day had cheated him out of. He was
a good friend and a vigilant enemy,
ever ready to exchange a shot for an
insult, a dreamer of great possibili
ties, a believer that what man has
done, man can do. He organized a
company to build or reconstruct an
irrigation canal upon the ruins of
a prehistoric one. In the old one. wa
fer had once run, but when and by
whom it was used and why it bad
been abandoned, to one knew.
His company surveyed and exca
vated a canal partly along the side
of and partly in an old one. . When
completed, water was turned In and
it flowed through to the end and out
upon the desert. This canal was the
One of the pioneers of Arizona who
has seen more thatn his share of ad
ventures is J. H. Lynch of this city.
A native of Pittsburg, ho left the
Smoky City in the early 70 s and
found employment with the Atlantic
& Pacific railroad which was then
pushing Its way through Kansas and
New Mexico. He remained in the
employ of the railroad until after
the line had reached Arizona, J.nen.'ing -n-ith that renegade as a for-
,trfU4 hv the rising clory or
Tombstone, be went there and for
several years he remained there and
about Tucson.
Mr. Lynch kept meager notes of
the things he wltneised In those
days. On May 15. 1883. accompanied
by Filipe Garcia, he left Tucson with
19 head of horses for the Tres Bio
tes ranch, eight miles south of Ariv
aca. On the first night out, at the
ranch of Alfredo Durazo, they got
the first word of Indian trouble. It
was then that Geronimo was start
ing out on his last great raid which
a couple of years later was to end
in his capture and removal from the
The second night they reached the
Sopri ranch, kept by Juan Elias.
There they found all of the houses
deserted. They went into the Indi
an country one day further and at
a Mexican ranch the tnira mgnt out
they met an Indian boy whom they
asked about the Indians on the war
path. The boy told t!.m that Ge
norimo headed the party. From the
things that afterward developed they
concluded that the Indian boy be
longed to the party and that he was
traveling through the country as a
scout for Geronimo to report upon
the condition of the ranches.
The next morning they learned
that "Dutch Henry." driving afreigh
ing outfit from Tucson, had been
murdered by the Indians, who had
captured a load of flour and hail
driven off a large number of mules.
That day they learned that all of
the stoek on the Arivaca flat had
been driven oft toy the Indians.
Here they were overtaken bv a
letter sent after them by C. C. Ste
vens of Tucson, the owner of the
horses. They could not read the let
ter, but they guessed at the moan
ins o it and their guess turned out
to be a srood one that it was to
bring the horses back. But Mr. Ste
vens hal waste.! paper and ink,
say uutiiing of the time of the ines -
of Phoenix
Present Name
beginning of the present great canal
system of the Salt River valley.
This company had Individually
taken up ranches, but in all this set
tlement there was no town, no cross
road store, no postoffice and no name
known in the world. The Salt River
valley extended hundreds of miles
along the river from its junction with
the Gila to its source, broken by the
ranges of mountains into many val
leys. One of the four men sitting on the
border of this new made canal was
writing a letter to Prescott. The let
ter was a co-partnership affair, being
a Joint order for supplies. When the
letter was completed a question arose.
It goes to Prescott, but whence does
it come? - "We have no name for thil
place; let's give it a name. Will
someone suggest a name?"
Swilling said, "Let's .call It Stone
wall." Starr, one of the party, in a
sarcastic toni said, "Yes, call It
Stonewall." Swilling, a Southerner,
was displeased, and said, "Well,
someone name it."
"I think Salina would be a good
name," said Starr. To this Larson re
plied, "No. we don't name it that;
that means a salt marsh. Let us not
give out the impression by its name
that this valley is a salt swamp or
alkali flat."
"Then," said Lord Duppa, 'let me
suggest a name. This canal was
partly built in a time forgotten now.
Prehistoric cities, now in ruins, are
all around you; a pre-historlc civ
ilization existed in this valley. Let a
new city arise from the ashes of these
ruins Let us call the city that is to
be built Phoenix." Swilling asked for
the meaning of the name.
Lord Duppa replied: "There is a
mythical story of a bird in Arabia,
resembling an eagle, with wings red
and golden. On arriving at the age
of BOO years it built a funeral pyre
of woods and aromatic gums and.
lighting it by the fanning of Its
wings, it was consumed to ashes.
Out of these ashes a new bird arose."
"Good, the very name!" exclaimed
the others. So the address. "Phoenix,
Salt River valley," was written for
the first time. Near where these
men were sitting was, and -till is, a
ruin of perhaps the largest pre
historic temple in America. Some
years later, about four miles west
a town was laid out. and from the
nshes of forgotten cities a new city
has been buflt and its name U Phoe
nix. senger-, that was the very thing they
were preparing to uo.
That expedition of Geronimo was
marked by a red patn ana a oroao
one that extended across the Mexi
can border.
The next trio of Mr. Lynch was
with a surveving party under the di
rection of John R. Heise. son of the
nrwvor c-pneral. into the White
mountains. The other members of
the nartv were Wallace Hicks, J.
Jackson, Lewis and Gus Heyer and
W. C. Colcord, the last named Still
living in the White mountains.
An escort had been arranged for
at Dudleyville, and for that reason
the nartv had started without arms.
Through some misunderstanding the
est-ort did not appear and did not
Join the party for several days. The
surveyors went on and soon round
themselves in the Apache country,
and it was on that Journey that Mr.
Lynch sawl the notorious Apache
Kid. Mr. Lynch is one of the few
n)en wno has eyer TegarAeA a meet
tunate one. Hs has naturally be
lleved that the Kid was not so bad
as he was Dainted and that It was
the treatment of him by the whites
that sent him on a career of murder.
On this occasion, Mr. Lynch said
that at one point when he was alone
with two members of the party.
Heise and the rest of them having
gone on. a band of Indians rode to
ward them In the canyon where they
were encamped, in single file. The
Kid. dressed like a white man, was
in the lead.
An attack was expected, and Mr.
Lynch and his companions unarmed
could do nothing but await it. The
spaci on which they stood was so
narrow that as the Indians passed
they brushed against them. The Kid
and some of the others passed, but
Lynch noticed another Indian in the
rear draw a long, sharp knife as
he approached. Lynch believed that
his time had come. He took a last
look at the tky and, holding his arms
aloft, waited for the thrust which
did not come.
The Indians passed on -out of sight
down the San Pedro. But he knew
that. Uiey would be encountered
ax.'iiit. Soon after that, Heise and
the party returned to camp and when
Heise was told of the visit he turned
pale. The surveying party went on
and the same afternoon the band
was encountered again. As soon as
the party come in sight all of the In
dia. is except the Kid threw theni-!-r-es
on the ground and presented
their t itles. The Kid, holding up one
hnnd, exclaimed, "No. No!" The In
dians rose and moved on and the
party was not further molested.
It was on this journey that the
party eame into touch with the Plea.s
ant "-alley vjr between the Tewks
burys and Grahams which was then
in its imeptiou. Several members o'
each l ietion alreadv had l -en kill? !.
tojOr.e afternoon as the party vaj a,-
1 proaching 1'aysvn it went into camp
By George O. Ford
Although three years under the
residence limit for "oldtimers" in Ari
zona, I cannot but feel myself a "pio
neer," as a Ufa period of years In
our sister stabs of California, dating
from 1861, where conditions, were al
most similar, save that the uprising
of Indians only during the Modoc
war did not compare with the trou
bles endured by those who paved the
way in our prosperous state and who,
to all Intents, looked upon the pres
ent thoughtless, ungracious genera
tion of today as "rubes" and "has
beens," but to whom I raise my hat
and gladly shake those old feeble
hands, the sinews of which, even aft
er years of idleness, are drawn and
hardened by long suffering and toil.
But, to the story:
In 1890, when Jerome was on . a
boom and Prescott was overflowing
with ail that made a mining town.
there was, within a few hundred
yards of Clark's narrow gauge rail
road, a large boulder literally spat
tered with gold. After the discov
ery and Btaking off of claims the
news was disseminated and a rush
followed. Every available horse, bur
ro and every engine on the railroad
was brought into service, and then
shank s mare served the remainder.
Myself and Jean Alison, a well known
character, struck out well loaded
witti the liquid which exhilarates and
too frequently Intoxicates.
W e had hardly reached the grounds
when a blinding snowstorm was en
countered which for quick accumu
lation and quicker absorption I never
beheld. For two days the whirlwind
and cold and sleet continued and we.
having no bedding, were "up against
it." Tba old section house was five
miles distant, but we plowed toward
it. the snow increasing in depth to
three or four feet. There is no need
to detail the trip, but fire water was
copiously swallowed to nerve the
- There we met a motley crowd. The
house was in charge of a widow
with several children and was over
filled. Two horsemen were, among
the crowd and not a wisp of straw
was on the premises. 'Darkness set
tled down, so building or placing a
few boards over the shivering ani
mals, we settled for the night around
a fire hole after dividing all we could
scrape together in the shape of food.
It is useless to expatiate on aching
bones and hard floors as when morn
ing came we arose to note conditions
outside. To say that they were sick
ening would not fully express our
meaning, and to crown It all up came
two famished tramps "who had been
caught in the storm and darkness.
It was sixteen miles to the Junction
and by trail twelve miles to Jerome,
the trail leading through a deep gorge
for half the distance.
In sympathy for the poor beasts,
and the tramps claiming to know the
country, a purse was made up to
pay them for taking the starved ani
mals to Jerome. Still enoming, thoy
started out. the gang still hovering
over the fire and keeping up hilarity
by means of drink. Three hours la
ter a yell from the outside was beard
and there stood a tramp and horse
nearly exhausted. They had not
been half a mile from the house, but
they had been moving continuously
In that small circle.
It devolved upon soma ona to take
those horses to safety, so Alison and
myself struck out for Jemore. The
snow was blinding and the wind was
furious and Icicles 'formed on our
beards and clothing as they do on
the .eaves of wtnterbound houses. We
followed the telegraph line closely so
as not to get lost and Just before
dark again we were gladdened by
human companionship.
Following this experience, which
you would think would drive a
prowling coyote from the field, I re
mained on the ground and for more
than twenty years worked hard pros
pecting and developing all kinds of
fissures, ledges, indications and ex
pectants, never miling or getting a
dime in return. Such are the experi
ences of an old prospector. You axe
a beast not to treat him humanely.
which tutntd out to be that of a no
torious band of horse thieves which
had taken refuge in the White moun
tains. As the party was leav
ing it was stopped by one of the men
who ordered that a different course
be taken and it was explained that
If the surveying party kept on it
would find itself between the fire of
the cattlemen and sheepmen.
It was about this time that thfy
were stopped by a man who said he
was an officer from Globe; that he
had come out to arrest an otfeiider
against the law, and as he had busi
ness furthest on. he asked if the party
would take his) prisoner back to
Globe since it was headed in that
direction. He said he would then co
and make the arrest so as not to de
tain the party. He was gone but a
short time when he returned! and
said that he hnd found it necessary
to kill his p'an, so that Ip- oa'ty
could move at its pleasure.
Many Big Deals In The Early
Days Were Made By Word and
With Not The Scratch of a Pen
It was in 1870 that Peter Moore
wrote me at Eau Claire, Wis., advis
ing me to come to Arizona," relates
James E. Colter, a guest at the t'io-
neers' Home. "He told me that there
was plenty of good land and that
the United States cavalry offered a
steady market for all the barley I
could raise at from 5 to 7 cents a
pound and urged that I come in and
bring a reaper and mower with me.
I did Just that in 1871, with some
good horses and a fair all around
farming outfit. I settled where Coul
terville now is and the reaper and
mower brought with me were the
first to come to Arizona.
"It was no light job to get them
in, either. We came down from
Reed's Landing to Davenport, la., by
water.. Then we traveled by rail to
Atchison, Kan., which was as far as
the Santa Fe went at that time. From
there on the trip was overland.
"Peter Moore was a very good
friend to me. He is dead now, but
his two boys, Frank and Fred,
in the cattle business in the sot
ern part of the state.
"The land was rich and the sea
son was favorable. I had put in as
much barley as I could as soon as I
arrived and we got a splendid crop.
We threshed this first crop with
sheep. We prepared a hard thresh
ing floor of heavy clay. The barley
was thrown on the floor and a lot
of sheep were driven around and
around until all the grain was
threshed out. ' Then we winnowed it
by hand. It cost over $2,000 to freight
in the first threshing machine.
"All northern Arizona was Yava
pai county in those days. Ed. Bow
ers, whose son is now chief deputy
under Sheriff Davis, was then sher
iff. He made me his deputy and it
was my job to assess all the country
between Prescott and Clifton, which
was then in Yavapai county, and col
lect the taxes, too. The country was
pretty wild in those days and a dep
uty sheriff was kept n the Jump.
"Bill Milligan was responsible .for
my first big deal with the Mormons.
He told me he was going to put in
a grist mill to make flour and advised
me to grow all the wheat I could and
we would both make big money. So
I put all of my land into wheat and
got a splendid crop. But Milligan
did not get his mill and there I was
with a lot of fine wheat on my hands
and no market." I sent some to So
corro, but the mill charges and the
freight ate up all the returns.
"Then William Flake came to see
me. He was the head buyer for the
Mormons and one of the shrewdest
traders I ever met. People generally
called him 'Old Bill Flake,' but not
to his face. He came right to the
point and explained that he under
stood that I had a lot of fine wheat
and that his people needed it.
"I would like to buy your wheat,
Mr. Colter," he said,' "and I think I
can offer you a good bargain. But
I haven't got a dollar in cash." He
explained, though, that he had some
fine horses and cattle. So I priced
the wheat, and then together we
priced the horses and cattle. Then
he said:
"'Mr. QJter( you never met me
before, but if you can trust me tnai
far. I want you to save me a long
emntvhanded trip back to the south
west. If you will let me use these
teams to haul my wagons loaueo witn
wheat to the settlement, I will re
turn them at once, with the cattle
you are entitled to, and get the rest
of the wheat.
Lime was first discovered In Ari
zona by George H. Putenney, of 719
Woodland avenue, in 1892. At that
time Mr. Putenney was wprking on
the branch of the Santa Fe railroad
under construction from Ash Fork
to Phoenix, and he discovered the
mineral in a railroad cut. Although
many others had noted the formations
they were searching for blue lime
stone and failed to recognize the gray
variety in the northern part of the
He established the first kiln at Ask
Fork and for many years supplied
the entire territory with lime.
Mr. Putenney is 83 years old. He
located in Denver, Colo 62 years ago,
before the city was named or had a
house, and remained there for 10
years. During the Civil war the set
tlers of that community were os
tracized from the rest of the world
by the Indians who realized that fed
eral BOldiers were engaged in warfare
in other parts of the country- The
Indians kept the Colorado settlers
banded together in their limited zone
of safety for four years.
Eli Putenney. brother of George H.
Putenney, settled in Prescott in 1864
and finally prevailed upon Oorge to
Join him in 187$. Coming down from
Denver. George Putrnney arrived in
Yuta, N. M, at the time the Indians
had massaacred the agents and many
of the inhabitants of the place. Al
though traveling with only two help
ers in addition to his' family and
bringing 20 head of horses and eigit
mules, the party managed to get
through to Arizona without molestation.-
Their danger was not so much
from the Indians as from lack of
food and water. The trip from Pu
eblo, Colo., to Prescott required two
rift v-v f - 4" )t&F''t'
This old landmark was bunt in the early 60s and burned aoout it95
The third man from the left is M. Wormser, who owned the land which
later was acquired by the Bartlett-Heard Land and Cattle company. On
the extreme right, seated in the cart, is Ernst Schmidt, now in the harness
1 business in Tempe.
his wagons loaded with wheat. And- Jf'
he returned, just as he agreed, with
every animal I had bargained for.
i suggested at tne tune tnai ne
buy my Nutrloso ranch on which I
had raised the wheat, but he only
smiled. The next year he came to
me and said: 'Mr. Coulter, I want to
buy that Nutrioso ranch of yours
and put a colony on it. I haven't
got any money, but I can pay you
n cattie.
"l.,in mA a hiraiin Tkl
Mormons had the finest cattle in the
country. He agreed to deliver 600
head of Devon cattle. Again he had Tf
to ask for time since the cattle were
in Utah and he wanted to put his
people on the ranch at once. It was .
then March. I felt that he was thor-.
nmrlilv r.-n t Vi i- r, f t i-i 1 t orA C5VO him
immediate possession. In November
he delivered every bead or stock
called for by his agreement. There .
never was a question between us as .
to what was to be done.
"I then started a ranch on the San
Francisco river' about 75 miles from
Silver City. This was about half
way between the Agua Callente ana
the San Carlos reservations. It was
looked on as neutral ground between
the Navajos in the north and the
Apaches in the south and therefore a .
safe country. I started a butcher T
shop at Silver City and delivered by
wagon to all the country raound. It ,
...... 4 thin latter Tii-t nf 1 87 The .
AnaKAa n-oro nut hil thev had eOtt
down into Old Mexico and I thought ,
everything was so quiet tnai i nu .
Mrs. colter, wno was men uvms u
Silver City, come out to the ranch
with the baby. That baby was Fred. .
who vran for governor in 1918. I
had 15 men riding tha, range and
didn't look for any possibility of
. "Then word was brought in one. -.1.,..
thut a hnnd nf about 700
Apaches under Geronimo and Vitto-
rio had swooped up irom Jia jici
in onH V,uH killed nine of the men
working at the Cooney and Chicker-
ing mine, only a short distance aj.
We at once sent out to get In our
hruL but thev had already been
driven off by the Indians. The men
had gatheid at the rancn nouse ana
we had plenty of ammunition so that
when the Indians did arrive, about 8
o'clock the next morning, we were
able to give them a warm reception.
"Two or our fellows. Will cox and
Williams, were killed. I was shot
through the right leg and another
of our men was shot in the arm. But
we killed a number of Indians at
their firt charge and were able to
stand them off. The Indians bad
expected to find us eay victims and
they were enraged at their Joss";
All that day and until 10 o'clock that
night thev continued their attacks.
But they had been killing cattle out
on the range and when their supply
of ammunition began to give out they
withdrew, taking- their dead with
them. '
One of our men started for Silver
City shortly after nightfall to sum
mon help. He got through all right
and soon every ablebodied male in
habitant of the town was on the way
to our ranch. But before they ar
rived. Captain Cramer had reached
us with four troops of cavalry and
they kept the Indians on the run.
The Indians had killed about 1.500 of
my eattle -out of pure epite. leaving
the bodies to rot, untouched, on tna
range." ;
months and doring that time tha
cattle got very little grass and only
occasional buckets of water. Every
mud hole along the old Santa Fa-
trail had Its settlers and claimants M
who charged 1 cents a bucket for
the water. This proved a heavy ex- ,
pense for those who had cattle. .
Settling In the Cheno valley, Mr. '
Putenney went into the cattle rais-.
ing business, but found it very tin--,!
profitable as there was no market-
for the produce Cattle at that tiroa;
sold for $8 a head and cattle men 1
suffered heavy losses from raids by k
rustlers who were never satisfied '
with a siugle steer or horse, but stole '
a herd or more at a time. ...
Although Mr. Putenney disposed of
his interests in the lime business sev-"V
eral years ago. the kilns are still be
ing operated successfully and suppl
Ing trade over a great portion of the
southwest and the west coast.
"When I came to Yavapai county '
from Wisconsin in 1SS1," recalls An-I
drew D. Whitney, a guest at the rio-;
neers' Home, "the hills were covered
with giant pina trees hundreds of
years old. I got a job as bead saw-
yer with a saw mill on the Big Bug -and
for three years we turned those
trees into lumber for shipment to
build the bouses of Phoenix and for
mine timbers. When we quit there
were no trees left.
"X large part of the supplies foe
Prescott were then hauled up front
Phoenix with heavy wagons and trail
ers. The wagons would then load up
with lumber for the return trip.
"Being a Republican was a pretty
lonesome job in Yavapai in thosa
days. But I had voted for John C
Fremont in 1S56 and had Joined up
with the Union army in 1S62. I kept
on voting as I had shot and I expect
to keep on doing the same for some
time to come."

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