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Arizona republican. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, April 13, 1921, Image 4

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PAGE FOUR
THE AKJZONA REPUBLICAN, WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL 13, 1921
THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN
PHOENIX. ARIZONA
Published Every Morning by tha
Ent,. ..A?;ZCNA TOBU3HINQ COMPANT
Entered at the Postofflce at Phoenix. Arizona, aa Man
-fatter of the Second Class
President nd Publisher Dwiaht B. Hear
General Manager Charles A. Stauffer
Business Manager w. W. Knorpa
S toriii; J- w- 8pe
Hews Editor E. a.. Young
SUBSCRIPTION RATES IN ADYANCB
Daily and Sunday
OUTSIDE STATE OP ARIZONA One year lt-tj
not., 6.76; 3 moa.. S.S0: 1 mo.. U.iS
CM ARIZONA BT MAIL OR CARRIER One year. .
dttxtt?0 $4 s mos- : 1 mo.. 75c.
SUNDAY EDITION by mail only S.OO per year
P"rn 4.1 Private Branch Exchange
a nunc tUd A Connecting All Departments
Oaneral Advertising Representatives: Robert B. War
Bruniwlck Bid.. New York. Mailers Bldg.. Chicago:
J7- Barrartger. Examiner Bldg.. San Francisco,
,pBt Intelligencer Bldg., Seattle. Title Insurance
Bids.. Los Angeles.
MEMBERS OF TKH ASSOCIATED PRESS
Receiving Full Night Report, by Leased Wire
To Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the as
lor re-publlretion of all news dispatches credited ta
it or not otherwise credited in this paper and als
the local news published herein.
AH rights of re-publication of special dispatches herein
are also reserved.
WEDNESDAY MORNING, APRIL, 13, 1921.
The moral courage that will face
obloquy in a good cause is a much
rarer gift than the bodily valor that
will confront death in a bad one.
Chatfield.
Tha Pioneer Reunioi
It was grand and glorious, the first day of the
first reunion of Arizona pioneers. There was a con
.jspiracy of the sun and the breeze to make it a suc
cess. .
. They came from everywhere, men and women
who had not been in Phoenix for years; some who
had ne,ver been here and others who had . been here
before Phoenix was, and not since. The only land
marks they could recall were the Camel Back and
the Salt, River mountains. They alone bad not
yielded to the encroachments of time. J v
Men met for the first time who had heard of one
another a half century ago when men were scarcer
- than they are' now, and when their fame spread more
.. widely. . ' , '
' It was a day when the newer generations paid
a tribute due to the older; it was gladly paid and
proudly received. It was a day which will be a
bright one in the few declining years of many a
pioneer, in which there are so few bright days. '
It was a wholesale1 rolling; back of the years upon
themselves. , .
We speak of the union of the sections of the
state, of the union of its interests. Yesterday wit
nessed the union of generations, of epochs, of the
events whose- record constitutes the history of
" Arizona. , .
The Republican last winter when it planned the
meeting of the pioneers had no idea of the extent of
the - gathering, or of the response which has been
made to its invitation. It never suspected that
there were so many men and women who had lived in
Arizona as long as thirty-five years, or that there
vwie av many uibu auu wuuicu nuv Bfnu vi co-
dence has covered two generations. , -. ,
No Bingle event in the career of The Republican
has been more gratifying to it than the size and suc
cess of this reunion. Its gratification is marred by
- a single regret that some of the pioneers have been
prevented by bodily infirmities or poverty from par
ticipating in the reunion. '
Benjamin Austin Fowler
No prouder mounment was ever erected than
that which has been erected to Benjamin Austin
Fowler, who died at Long Beach, California, on Mon
day. There will always be associated with his name,
in the Sa.lt River valley, the country's reclamation
' policy, the Roosevelt dam, and the Salt River Valley
Water Users'" Association,' which became the model
for organizations of landowners under government
irrigation projects.
Mr. Fowler was closely identified with all these
things from the beginning. They would have come
to pass in the course of events but the procession of
events was expedited by his prompt and untiring
energy. -
Men generally are brought to the support of en
terprise by the prospect of gain. But now and then
there Is a man who performs a great service to the
public without that incentive.' Mr. Fowler was one
of those comparatively few men, who gave of his
strength and means to the public with little thought
of any material return.
We have known few men so admirable as he was;
so broad so liberal; yet so "uncompromising with
wrong or with what he believed to be error.
He was an earnest Christian, yet there was
nothing of intolerance in his character. There was
in him nothing of the narrow reformer, nothing of
fanaticism, nothing of pretense, only straight for
wardness. '
It appears to us unfortunate that one who had
done so much to increase the wealth of this valley
should have gained nothing from the labors and the
foresight which had brought so much to others; that
he should have left the valley with much less than he
brought into it. .
We recall those lines of Vergil, "Sic vos non
vobis." '
So you ye birds with wondrous skill possessed.
Not for yourselves construct the curious nest;
So you ye bees who every flower explore.
Not for yourselves amass the honied store;
So you, ye patient kine inured to toil.
Not for yourselves subdue the stubborn soil.
It would have been with no selfish spirit that
Mr. Fowler would have looked forward to in his declin
ing and darkening years, and have accepted as a
reward, the gratitude of the people of this valley
for the great service he performed for them.
Such a reward to such a man is as remote from
his consideration as any monetary, material reward.
jj Fowler gave service alone for the love of service.
describe his personal appearance and his domestic
relations, but in no case should the subject's family,
or his race or nationality be introduced with a view
to accentuate the unworthiness of the subject
thereby holding the family, race or nationality
responsible for the subject's shortcomings.
There are good and bad Americans, Englishmen,
Jews, Germans, Irishmen, French and Italians. The
good and the bad are found in about the same ratio
in all these peoples. There is at present no chosen
race; no peculiar people.
The Jew is not a national as -a Jew, but is a citi
zen of the country in which he was born or in which
he has.been naturalized and in the country of which
he is a citizen he conducts himself as other citizens.
He aligns himself with parties and factions as other
citizens do. Thus we have Jews who are democrats
and Jews who are republicans. In their political
relation and that is in what we are most concerned
as to any national or racial group, the Jew is no
more clannish than his neighbors', rather less so
than citizens of almost any other race or nationality
transplanted into the United States. The same is
true of the Jews of England and France, and as we
learn from John Spargo's late book: "The Jew and
American Ideals" in which he deprecates the anti
Semitic course of the Dearborn Independent, it Is
especially true of the Jews of Russia.
If Trotzky is a Jew, there are scores of eminent
Russian Jews violently 'opposed to Bolshevism,
while an overwhelming number of the leading Bol
shevists are not Jews but long before the revolution
were Jew-baiters.
Deprecating anti-Semitism anywhere Mr. Spargo
says:
"Because of a reasoned faith in those principles
and ideals of democracy which brought this nation
into being, and toward the realization of which we
have steadily progressed through sunshine and
storm, through peace and war, I am opposed to anti
Semitism and every manifestation of it. t Anti
Semitism and the American ideal can never be recon
ciled. Far sooner will men- reconcile fire and water,
and mix oil and water inseparably, than blend the
cruel and hateful passions of anti-Semitism with the
generous spirit of America. For America's safety
and honor, therefore, I plead for unity against this
sinister foe lurking within the gates, as against all
other foes, no matter under what flag they may b
marshaled." .
"Too Many People"
. Dispatches from China tell of the forcible cutting
off of the queues of Chinese as a. measure of sanita
tion in the fight against typhus, which is propagated
through the bites of lice.
But the orthodox Chinese believes that if he dies
without his Queue his soul will be lost. As between
living in China with tjhe fear of eternal perdition,
and dying now of typhus, good Christians can Bee'
that there is much to be said for the Chinaman who
prefers queue, death and salvation.
- There is still another argument against the
stamping out of typhus .Avhich appeals to certain
Chinese minds. Years ago an American scientist
traveling in the interior of the Flowery Kingdom
found a city in which bubonic plague was raging.
He called on the mandarin wlio governed the place
and explained to him the cause of the spread of this
disease through the bites of fleas infesting rats.
The mandarin had never heard of this, but he
was an intelligent man, and was keenly interested.
"Yes," said he, after all his questions had ,been
answered, "I can see that what you say is true. " It
agrees with the facts."
"Give me the men and the authority, and I will
stamp out this dreadful plague," said the American.
Th'e mandarin suddenly lost interest. "Why
should we go to all that trouble and expense?" he
inquired. " "There are too many people."
And there are too many people in China. They
press against subsistence always. There are some
areas' of land in China which could be reclaimed and
made to grow food; but the birthrate would fill
them almost before they could be reclaimed.
What China needs is a lower birthrate. Until she
has it something will always kill off the population
until it can live off the country. If not typhus or
plague, then starvation.
The hen that doesn't cackle has no egg to advertise.
An empty stomach leaves the backbone without
needed support. J ......
The railroads have learned that dividends are
not created by high rates merely on paper, in the
schedules. . A rate yields nothing until a ticket has
been purchased or a freight bill has been incurred.
Railroads have lately learned again that there is a
weight heavier than traffic will bear; that a rate
may be so high as to kill business.
An honey heart and a bottle of hootch are oft
concealed beneath a ragged vest.
A king in the grave is worth two in Switzerland.
As a matter of self-respect, the first thing we
ought to do with Bergdoll when we get him back
is amputate his first two names.
Anti-Semitism
In a recent article in this paper by Dr. Frank
Crane on Hugo Stinnes of Germany, there appears a
violation of a rule which is "enforced in many news
paper offices, and in the office of The Republican,
an unnecessary reference to the nationality and race
of one who is being exposed to contempt or criticism.
This rule rests on the fact that a whole people may
not be indicted for the shortcomings of one of its
members.
Dr. Crane says of Stinnes that he is a Jew a.-d
then proceeds to the description of personal unlovable
characteristics all of which must be as offensive as
it is irrelevant.
u !1V be necessary or advisable in a biographical
dr.T'Mtioii of a public character to 'mention his
,Iti..namv or his race. That is always necessary in
, cXt mUil biefcraphy. just as it may be proper to
Railroad workers make an average of JIS06 a
yar, says government report. That's a better show
ing than the whole railroading industry makes.
THE CARRIAGE AWAITS
-By Ripley
MORE THAN YOU CAN CHEW
. You often wonder where to draw the line on
how much you undertake. Should you take on every
thing you are asked to do? Or should you learn to
say "No!" when you have reached a reasonable
limit?
So many demands are constantly made on your
time and strength, that often it is a puzzle to know
Just what to do and what not to do.
It has been observed frequently by all of us,
that it is the busy person who is always most in
demand. Time after time, the same women wash the
dishes after the church dinner. The same men and
women repeatedly are put on committees in charge of
"the arrangements."
When somebody wants something done, he passes
up a dozen idlers and goes to the busiest man he
knows. This is flattering to the busy man. It signi
fies recognition that he gets things done. But it can
be run into the ground.
Everyone should know his limitations. both in
work delegated to him and in enterprises started on
his own initiative.
Often we can do more by doing less.
Not how much but how well should be the ideal,
end it is seldom our duty to undertake more than we
can do well. This rule should make it fairly easy to
determine our limitations.
More deserving a man is of criticism, the less he
likes it.
: - ; -s. i
How the Site Of Mesa Was
Picked Out Is Related By
Sarah Matilda Pomcroy
Red-Blooded Sports Are
Enjoyed By Citizens Of
Phoenix In Early Days
H. G. Wells says the United States was built ui
by the railrcjds. Cartful, Sam, or you'll be unbuilt
the &anie Ajy..
An interesting account of the var-
ious apui.a enjoyed in the Salt River
valley in the early days is given by
H. R. Patrick in the following:
"When I arrived in Phoenix in the
summer of 1878 I found a rather happy-go-lucky
and sport-loving class
of people- who enjoyed life in spite of
the hardships they were supposed to
have passed through, and as I look
back upon the conditions of those
tines; the greatest hardship we had
was to raise money to pay our board
and taxes.
"One of the principal sports of
those days was horse racing, the most
interesting and exciting events of
which took place on Washington
street every Sunday morning, when
the town would be full of people. The
track from the court house square up
to the east side of the plaza (city
hall square) would be packed with
men, women and children of many
nationalities, not omitting Indians,
who often took part in the races and
frequently pulled off foot races which
added much to the excitement.
"Of course it will be accepted with
out an affidavit that gambling was
an open sport in all the earler years.
The nrincipal games were faro, rou
lette, Rocky Mountain, keno, poker
and other card games and chusas. a
sort of Mexican roulette, and morlte,
a card game played principally by. the
Mexicans in Sonora town, which name
applied to the Mexican quarter, main
lv on East Monroe street. The China
men enjoyed their native game of
fan tan or 'hit the pipe" in their un
derground 'opium joints.'
'A special round of pleasure was
enjoved each season when the an
nual "Fiesta' took place in one of the
alfalfa fields adjoining the city. At
these fiestas it was customary to
erect 'ramadas' (brush sheds), canvas
tents and booths for all kinds of
eamblinz games, amusements and
restajirants, and a smooth piece of
ground cleared off for dancing. Here
these sports were carried on day and
night, generally from San Juan day.
June 24, until July 4.
"At one of these fiestas in the lat
ter '70's a Spanish bull fight was
nlann'ed and a 'nlaza de toros' (bull
ring with extensive bleachers erected
at considerable expense. It drew a
large crowd, filling the bleachers
and even the nearby cottonwoods.
The bulls to enter the ring were wild
steers, but ferocious enough to spoil
the fun, for just when the excitement
was highest and the charges of the
'bulls' were fierce and swift, one of
them came at a Mexican bull fighter
who took refuge behind the fender
that stood in front and near one cor
ner of the bleachers. So violent was
the charge that the fender was
smashed, and beyond it the board
fence went down and the bull ran off
in the field, pursued by Vaqueros,' but
fiirhters and roustabouts, 'ine ca-
t.iMtronhe caused such a panic that
one section of the grandstand gave
way and all that part of the audience
went to the ground with a gre;t
crash, immediately followed by the
Collapse of the second section, mak
ing a terrible sight of struggling hu
manity from which, many bruised and
bleeding men were carried. Others
clamored for reprisals and their
money back from the management,
but nobody was seriously injured and
in those days mere was uu iuuucj
back game,' though there was a near
riot that was quelled by officers.
"There was another form of fiesta
that occurred in October of each
year, and that was the 'Harvest Fes
tival' of the Pima and Maricopa In
dians, held on the reservation. This
urna a t hankssri ving day or week
which included hors.e racing and all
kinds of field sports, and many tribal
ceremonials and offerings to the
Great Spirit' to show their gratitude
for the results of the season's labors,
all of which was conducted in a most
earnest manner. Many of our citizens
were invited to attend these meets,
which were greatly enjoyed by the
whites, but gradually the more im
pecunious whites took advantage of
the redmen's love for liuor, which
caused the government authorities to
stop the custom.
"One little item of early days which
was greatly enjoyed by the fun-lovers
of early Phoenix was the annual
Christmas tre . It should be remem
bered first t) at a certain locust tree
had grown to maturity on the north
west cot ner of Center and Washing
ton streets, later known as the 'Gold
man Corner, and until recently the
principal loafing corner of the town
From sun to sun there was generally
some one. or several, leaning against
the hospitable locust, or else they cut
and hacked it with their knives, f of
prior to IsSO it was common to see a
pioneer wearing a full brace of side
anus.
"The poor tree finally shriveled and
died and became an eyesore until an
early Christmas morn dawned upon
the old locust transformed into a
town Christmas tree, hung with many
funny and pretty ornaments and a
number of ridiculous presents tor
some of the popular business men of
the town. For example, a long string
of sausage links made an appropri
ate present for Kelly, the butcher; a
sardine can with an old deck of
cards, representing the dealer's card-
box for dealing faro, was tagged for
Tom Barnum; an immense piece of
cilk made a large sized necktie for the
young furnishing goods merchant;
candle box with apiece of stove pipe
made a camera for G. H. Rothroek,
the photographer. Each article was
tagged with a large placard giving
the name of the recipient, with
sometimes an added hif at his bust
ness or personality. There were
rusty old daggers, sixshooters ana
guns for the officers and an Immense
wooden razor for the DarDer. pic
tures and caricatures were also sug
gestive. The authors or perpetrators
of the burlesuqe were among our most
prominent citizens. Some of them
still are residents of Phoenix, so their
names cannot be divulged.
"It goes without saying that danc
ing was one of the principal pastimes.
The old mesquite school house three
miles southwest of Phoenix was one
of the most notable places where
dances were held, for it was there
that many of the early romances were
started or culminated.
"As an example of conditions here
before 1S80: I was invited by a Mex
ican friend in the latter part of 1878
to attend a Mexican "Biley " (dance)
at a private residence in the north
part of town, that is, in the block
Just west of the Catholic church. The
men and women were nicely dressed.
The dancing was in the living room,
adjoining which was a bed room with
no windows. The living room had
two outside doors and two windows,
the latter, however, having no sash or
glass, but wooden shutters. The
music was furnished by a band con
sisting of a large old-fashioned harp,
higher than a man's head, a guitar
and a 'fiddle.' The crowd of onlook
ers which gathered about the doors
and windows was about as large as
the company within.
'It seems that among the onlookers
there were several young men who
had been slighted by the givers at
the dance. They soon began to Josh
and Jeer and finally to insult those
who were enjoying the hospitality of
the host, who then closed the doors
and window shutters. This was the
signal for hostilities to begin, and a
number of pistol shots were fired
through the doors and windows,
without casualties, however. The
ladies and mod of the men. including
the writer, fled In great confusion into
the bed room while the host and a few
of his friends defended the place by
charging outside, putting the invaders
to rout and shooting at them as long
as they were in sight. Fortunately,
no one was hurt, and the writer
learned his first lesson in frontier
tactics and eituette. But this at
falr was very tame in comparison
with some of those of earlier days,
when the public dance halls with bar
and gambling all going on together
were the scenes of sanguinary contests."
Sarah Matilda Pomcroy, of Mesa,
tells the following interesting story
of how the first company of settlers
came down from Utah and picked out
the site of Mesa as their long sought
for goal. Mrs. Pomeroy is 86 years
old. She was a pioneer to Utah in
1848. to Idaho in 1864. and to Arizona
in 1877 Her letter is, in part, as
follows:
My husband, Francis Martin Pom
eroy. and family left Paris, Bear Lake
county, Idaho, on the 14th day of
September. 18 1 7, seeking a warmer
climate either in Southern Utah or
Arizona. We had a splendid outfit.
There were 13 in the family. We had
four wagons, two ppan of fine Amer
ican horses and four yoke of. oxen,
and 12 cows, besides some saddle
horses.
We were accompanied from. Paris
by George W. Sirrine and family "to
Salt Lake City, where we were
Joined by a number of other families:
Charles Crismon, Wm. H. Newell,
Wm. Schwartz, Charles I. Robson.
J. D. Hobson, besides some single
men. - -
Our company now comprised 18
wagons and 1-0 head of stock, and
naturally moved very slowly, so that
it was December before we crossed
over the line of Utah into Arizona,
by way of Lee's Ferry.
The day before Christmas we were
crossing the Mogollon. range of moun
tains, when it began to gather for a
storm. Now it was a pretty serious
thing to be caught in a storm on
those mountains. We met some trav
elers that day who advised us to send
the women and children ahead as
there had been known cases where
travelers had been caught in snow
storms and snowed in for the win
ter. However, the company conclud
ed to hang together and risk the
consequences. Our camp was made
at Pine Springs on Christmas eve,
them huddled up in sheltered places
to get away from the storm. Aftei
the herd was started, the lightest
loaded wagons were selected te
"break the track," taking turns as the
horses became wearied from fighting
the snow. During the day we met a
sleigh carrying the mail, and th
track made by - it made travel ins
easier. Seven miles of travetij,
brought us to the "jumping off place
Below, the valley looked green and
inviting. No snow there! We hailed
it with joy after our struggle in th
snow. A long dugway took us dow n
into the valley, where we found a fine
camping place at Beaver Head, where
it was decided we would remain and
give our stock, as well as ourselves
a good rest, while some of the men
of the party should go down to the
Salt River valley and select a loca
tion for our future homes.
Charles I. Robson. Francis- Martin
Pomeroy, George W. Sirrine and
Charles Crismon were chosen to go.
In a couple of weeks they returned,
bringing to us the joyful news that
tl.ey had found the "Mecca" of all our
travels. They were extravagant in
their praise of the country. In the
meantime we all had had a good rest
and soon we were on our way to
the "promised land."
A site, now Mesa City, was select
ed and surveyed, but the company
camped on the bank of Salt river
until the water could be brou: ut to
the dry deert land, then covered with
mesquite and chaparral. An ancient
canal was followed, which lightened
the building cost very materially.
The company had arrived on the 14th
day of February and it was the first
of November before the canal was
completed, when camp on the river
was broken and all moved to the
mesa where now stands the beautiful
city of "Mesa.
While camped on the river, on
Sabbath a crowd of us had a desire
and the snow was coming down pret- to visit the site selected for our city.
ty heavily at the time. I remember ! A iour norse team was nitcned to a
thrusting my hand out a number of
times during the n.ght from the wag
on, hoping to find a cessation of the
storm, and could feel the big feath
ery flakes as they came down. Whon
morning came, what a sight! Giant
Urees weighted down like weeping
willows, with the snow, and every
thing buried from two to three feet
deep in snow. I remember that at
about the break of day Charles I.
Robson called out, "I wish you all a
Merry Christmas," but there was a
very faint response.
It was certainly a gloomy sight.
After digging out the wood piles and
having breakfast, the men started
out to hunt the stock. They found
large wagon and all that could Jbe
accommodated were loaded in, and a
merry crowd it was. We had pre
pared picnic baskets filled with the
best we had and intended to make
a day of it. We soon arrived at the
spot and ail were delighted at the
prospect. , .
In my imagination I could see whet
a beautiful city could be built there.
The large expanse of level country
reached out in every direction. It
seemed to be the very place to erect
beautiful homes for thousands of
people who in the future would come
to this place in search of a place to
locate, and my imaginings' at that
time have been verified to the letter.
Keen Eyesight and Pile of Rocks
Saved Him from Geronimo Band
Recalls Tragedy That Resulted
From Contest In First Election
For Sheriff of Maricopa County
William Craff. now 75 years of age,
owes his life to an eagle eye and a
pile of rocks. In 1880 he Was riding
through the country near Tombstone
when he saw Geronimo and his band
of about 40 Apaches coming down the
trail. Mr. Craff saw the Indians
before they saw him and hid b-?hlnd
a pile of rjeks nntil they passed.
The band, he said, passed within 50
feet of where he lay 'in hiding but
failed to see him.
Mr. Craff came to Globe in 18 1 5
from the plains of Kansas. He made
the entire trip by horseback via Kl
Paso, which in those days, he said,
consisted ofa settltment of white
men who had married squaws or
Mexicans. After remaining in Kl
Paso for a few days he pushed on to
Globe where he prospected for the
next tive years. For a time he
worked in the Silver King mine.
In 18S0 he went to Tombstone.
few weeks later he returned to the
fort to find that Geronimo and his
band had arrived and were being fed.
After remaining a few days and get
ting all they wanted to eat. Geronimo.
he said, took his band and "beat it"
for Mexico. Later. Mr. Craff said, a
troop of soldiers passed by h's place
and the captain of the company had
in his possession a butcher knife
which he had taken from a band of
Indians. The knife was one stolen
from him when the Indians cleaned
his shack. Later he found in an In
dian camp, a valuable shirt which had
been stolen from him at the same
time.
At one time during this period, he
There are pioneers and pioneers.
The different grades of them are de
termined by two things, the priority
of their residence in Arizona and the
activity of-the part they took in the
building of Arizona. A pioneer in
the first place must have been on
the ground early. He is then really
a pioneer. Among the earlier pio
neers was L. E. Williamson, a guest
of the Pioneers' Home at Prescott, to
which he is now returning from a
visit to a sister at Yuma, but he
waited in Phoenix for The Repub
lican's reunion in the hope that he
might meet some of the men whom
he knew a half century ago.
Mr. Williamson, a native of Ken
tucky, after a residence of three years
in Texas, came to Arizona in
and worked at a stage station on the I before.
una kept- by ning wooisey. Alter
a short stay there he went to Cali
fornia, but returned to Arizona, com
ing to the Salt River Valley in. 1871,
and he was here at the time of the
organization of Maricopa county. He
cast his first vote at the first elec
tion In the county, at which county
officers were chosen and Phoenix was
declared to be the county seat.
He remembers more particularly
the contest for the sheriff's office be
cause of tragedy connected with it.
There were two candidates for the
office. Gus Chenowith. nominated by
the Democrats and Jim Favorite, the
Republican nominee.
In the temporary absence of Cheno
said, the Indians came to a r.ca,wiih at old Mariimu -r Mnri.-r..
Cross camp end only the captain was j wells. Favorite circulated a story of
I mere, rney cnaseu tne cHpvaui j ajl amicable arrangement into which
ana men looxea me pmcc. ; he nad entered with Chenowith. Ac
the officer made his escape he did ; cordlng to the terms of it u Kavorite
not have on his shoes and cut his feet j 9nou!d be t.ecti, Chenowith was to
which had Just been founded and i severely on the rocks. Shortly after
named bv Ed Scheffelln. From there
he went to the Mule mountains, near
what is now Bisbee, although there
was no town there then. Here he
prospected and started a cattle ranch.
One afternoon, he said, while he and
his partner were digging a well, Ge
ronimo and his band came upon their
shack and cleaned out the place. The
Indians took everything that was
loose at one end. Mr. Craff said, and
when he and his partner returned
they found the place almost bare.
Mr. Craff reported the matter to
the authorities at For Huaehuca. A
that the Indians were rounded up and
he saw no more of them.
Phoenix and has lived here every
since. After the close of the civil
be his deputy and vice versa.
- "Chenowith." said Mr. Williamson,
To Tii1 Me rrnff l,l hp ramp to ou'rnmniurnt oi ine Kill
In 1V93 Mr. craff salti, he came to ; River canal and , wa workin (or
him. When he got back from Mari
copa Wells and heard the story
fought Indians on the plains of Kan - I f,a or!'e. wa8 te'Ung- he, wnt out to
sas and Nebraska. While living tn j favote s ranch to ask him about
Tombstone. Mr. Craff said, he became 1 Favorite denied having told the
well acquainted with Ed &-hef felln . ! story but he refused to make a pub
Karly in the SO's Scheffelin went to! Bc statement denying it. In the
Montana and while, there contracted quarrel that followed he shot at
pneumonia and died. The body was ; Chenowith with a double barrelled
brought back
buried there.
to Tombstone and
Bangers Of fining Were
Many In The Indian Bays
Dangers and hardships of mining
in the days when Indians were on
the warpath are described by Matt
Cavaness of Constellation as fol
lows:
In July, 1864, my father, Ge0:gt
R. Roberts and his family crossed
the Colorado river at Fort Mohave
on the way to Prescott. At Fort
Mohave Captain Hardy informed us
that the Indians were on the war
path and that it would not be si.fc
for us to travel without more men.
So with four more men we went on
to Prescott.
At Oakes and Willows about 71'
miles before we reached Prescott we
had a fight with Indians hut nonp o
the party were killed. From Presco
we went on to Wiekenburg where A
H. Pceples and Henry Wickenhurg
were taking ore out of the Vulture
mine. We all went to oi k tcKt-ther
building arastras with which to work
the ore.
We had been- working about two
weeks when one morning while w
were at breakfast a band of IHO oi
more Indians drove all iur horses.
about 80, away while we sat helpless
ly by and watched. We ' were left
with the single horse with which we
were working the arastra.
Wiih that horse A. H. Peeples
went alone to La I'az on the Colo
rado river just above Ehrenburg
where he bought two wagons and 12
yoke of oxen. He loaded the wagons
with merchandise and groceries for
Cheap John who had the only store
at Wickenburg. Fifteeen or 20 men
accompanied him back to Wicken
burg. During Mr. Peebles' absence Char
ley Whiiton and Allen Whitton came
from Texas with several ox teams.
I!y putting all our oven together we
frtted 'out ten teams and went t
hauling ore from the Vulture mine to:
icl-enburg. Th road over which
we han'ed passed throvig-h a box can- ,
yon. Wo had been hauling ore
sh'rt lime when one morning on oil .
wav out from WieUenburs; to t!
mine we saw a tnoccucin truck aboi;'
4tt0 feet from the btx canyon. Stint
, iiu of!' oyen n::tl mali ; a t-orra
shot -gun. but missed him. But he
shot so close that the wadding from
the gun fell . into a pocket of my
coat, which I had loaned Chenowith,
and burned a hole in the bottom of it.
''Favorite then ran into a corral
and Chenowith, with a revolver,
shooting through the wide cracks,
killed him. Chenowith then ' with
drew from the race and the Demo
crats nominated Jack Hayes. The
Republicans put up nobody in opposi
tion. He was the first elected sheriff
of Maricopa and he appointed as his
deputy, Tom Warden, who had served
vestigate the box canyon. We had
gone only a few hundred feet when
we saw about 300 Indians scattei
like a bunch of quail over the hills.
On our return trip from the mine
we were attacked by the Indians
Uncle Joe Black was In the lead with
another man. The first bullets fired
by the Indians killed the man and
wounded Uncle Joe through the leg.
He fell and rolled into a gulch,
signaled the men to corral the
wagons. We got inside the corral
and began shooting. The fight con
tinned until late in the afternoon
During this time I'no'e Joe was do-
i mg good work from his solitary post
as sheriff of the county by appoint
ment. "Not long after that a Chilean,
Joaquin, got drunk and riding up
" " vvicri, uuiui ucu UIQ
peace wun a double barrelled sho'
gun. Then he turned and rode slr
on the Wickenburg road. Warden. "
who happened , along, deputized a
man named Joe Phy to bring him
In. Phy commandeered a horse
bitched along the sidewalk and rode
after the Chilean. A few minutes
later he returned and told the sher
iffs office that the body lay by the -roadside
a half mile out.
"Another event I remember very
well was the killing of three Mexi
cans at the Junction of the Salt and
Gila rivers by a sheriffs posse. Thev
won mmrmuA i ,
1XK9 , -''"vi "tv e oeen unpu-
thlt ,n a tage robbery the year
M nHt Wtta 1- '
sure and so far as I know there whj
no effort after the killing to ascer
tain it. '
"In 1872 I took up a ranch south
west of Phoenix. I paid six cents
a pound for seed barley. When my
crop came on it was worth three
quarters cent a pound. After I had
paid all my debts in connection with
the farming experiment I had two
sacks left. I gave them to Henry
Slosser for work he had done on the
ranch.
"Then I went to Wickenburg. I
had brought with me a letter of intro
duction to A. H. Peepel and Jack
Swilling. The latter was pretty well
known in Wickenburg about that
time for He had lately killed three
Mexicans there in one day and had
worn their scalps about the town.
It was while I was there that Henry
Wickenburg was shot and wounded
by John WUlis.
"I next went to Prescott, where I
fell in with "Black Jack', a well
known miner. We and several others
got Jobs on the Tiger mine and
started out from Prescott on foot.
We got as far as 'One Eyed' Davis
ranch, where I was so sick they
thought I would die, but the next
day we went on our way through the
heaviest snow I have ever seen.
'Shortly before we left Prescott
we had heard of a brush Bill M'Leod
had bad with a band of Apachea -in
the part of the country where we
were going. There had been brought
into Prescott, Indians shields and
bows and arrows taken from the
scene of th battle, but the trophies
had not been gathered by M'Leod.
lie had business elsewhere as eoon
as he had finished his engagement
with the Indians. There were 50 or
60 of the Indians. M'Leod was a
hunter who always hunted alone. He
killed three Indians. We came upon
their bodies. One of them had evi
dently been only badly woundecVjVor
we found his body a long d i 1571 u e
from the place of the fight. lit- had
a stick in each hand and close by
was a pile of leaves and tinder. He
had probably been trying to start a
fire by rubbing the sticks together.
"Oh. I could teil you enough to fill
a big book, but I guess this is
enough. '
in the gulch. In
hint one Indian
from behind a ni
at be hem! an'l
afterwards was
scattered o er 1 h
an effort to iocat
.stuck his head u;
k. I'ilt ie -Joe '"ire 1
i.H we -ou!d fin!
fi cupful of brain-roi'ks.
uf the wafcona we went forward to in- I further troublu
That Irdi-iti was probably the chi.
as. 'be ; -is- -t ' Ite.i iiwt:it!v VI
ve pro ': It ? o Wit kt'nittii-o without
Days of real sport when the old ice
wagon was a baud propelled vehicle,
commonly known as a wheelbarro
are recalled by Eugene Jackson, 41
years chief engineer at a locaLice
1M, II 1..
Mr. Jackson took employment
chief engineer of trip obi l.ount
Ice .ompanv in 1S79. soon aft
j arrival in 1'ho nix from Ohio, H
j made the trip to Arizona in a w -or
t tr-tin. being seven movhs en rt-ute
! Throughout his residence in J'ho"
I nix. Mr. Jackson h.-s ser e,i in th
Isame capacity at the i- e olar.:. itov
t1 e (My b e company.
His- j-Tantlfather was a first oous"
- i-Vesiit nt Jackson, he said.

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