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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 3, 1921 o I f 2 r- S t ' t f. IE . - f 77 A?ZOiVA REPUBLICAN PHOENIX, ARIZONA Published Every Morning by the ARIZONA PUBLISHING COMPANY Entered at. the Postofflce at Phoenix. Arizona, as Mall Mattel of the Second Class Publisher and President Dwlght B. Heard General Manager and Secretary Charles A. Stauffer Business Manager W. W. Knorpp Editor.- - W. Spear News Etor , ,..B. A. Xoung SUBSCRIPTION RATfes IN ADVANCE Dal!y and Sunday OUTSIDE STATE OF ARIZONA One year. $13.00; . S mos.. $6.75; S mos.. $3.50: 1 mo.. $1-25 IN ARIZONA BY MAIL OR CARRIBR One year. 8.00; mos., 14.00: 3 mos.. J2.00; 1 mo., 73c SUNDAY EDITION by mall only S5.00 p-r year T31 - jiool Private Branch Exchange , 4I10ne 301 Connecting All Departments General Advertising Representatives: Robert E. Ward, Brunswick Bldg., New York, Mailers Bldg., Chicago; ' XV. R, Warranter. Examiner Bldg., San Francisco, Post- Ihtelligencer Bldg.. Seattle. Title Insurance Bldg.. Los Angeles. MEMBERS OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Receiving Full Night Report, by Leased Wire The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper and also the local news published herein. All rights of re-publication ot special dispatches herein are also reserved. Some persons can never relish the full moon, out of respect for that venerable institution, the old one. Douglas Jerrold. The Guaranty of Tolerance and Libert When in his Plymouth Bock address on Monday President Harding spoke of the "principle of 'toleration and liberty" for which our fathers crossed the Atlantic he had in mind the setting tip of that principle by the Puritans on their arrival. It would have been outside his purpose and irrelevant to speak ot the abandonment of the principle ' not long afterward and the prevalence of intolerance in New England, where the Puritans were dominant. That became the one section of the new world where a religious tyranny prevailed tor a time' manifesting itself in the persecution of the Quakers and the Baptists, en forcing itself against all whose manner of living and habits of thought did not conform to the Puritan nation. How firmly this tyranny might have en trenched itself but for the American Revolution we cannot say. .But that event brought together Puri tan and Cavalier, each exerting an Influence upon the other for the better , and making possible the ' American constitution, which offered the first guar anty of toleration and liberty that had . ever been given among men. ' 7 , ' Englishmen who settled in Maryland, Virginia and the. Carol inas had come for other and 3i verse., reasons. They had not come for freedom to wor ship God in any particular way; many of them not to worship Kim at alL There was a liberalism that amounted to a license In morals. The people concerned themselves only with their worldly relations toward -one another. Their conduct was regulated 6nly by such laws as seemed necessary. In their morals there were reflected those of the mother country at the time of their departure. f Probably but for the event which : arrested Puritanism, in the north, the south would have seri ously deteriorated, but the hand ""'"of ' the revolu tion was laid upon boia and Puritanism was made to give a rigid but controlled " strength to the new . people thus organized, and the! liberalism of .the south was made the instrument to hold it in check. Stch a fusion, admirable as it was, probably could not have maintained Itself by the mere will of the people. Conflicts of conscience and of manners . would have arisen within a short time. The north would have reverted to Puritanism and the south to liberalism and there would have been dhslons as hopeless as those which have always existed among the European states distinguishing one from an other, however limited their "boundaries. There was required the charter of tolerance and liberty, to give ' perpetuity to the social condition among the colonies which , the war had brought about. The Puritan conscience could not have done it. Liberty can never be entrusted to the. human conscience or to the ever changing will of the peo ple.: There are always groups, in most cases hon est, we believe, which ae trying to enforce upon other groups or unorganized members of society, - their own peculiar notions of human conduct. . We have now absolute freedom of worship. None can interfere with that. Tet there are insidious at tempts to interfere making it plain that but for the guaranty of the constitution these attempts would be made as openly as were the efforts of the Puri tans to suppress weaker religions denominations of their day and it would all be done in the name of God, as just now groups of reformers seek to cur tail the privileges of others in the name of morals. ' The spirit of Puritanism is something always to be honored and maintained in this country, but like fire, it is a good servant 'but a bad master. We are constantly to guard against Its encroachments. should go over ag&in at greater leisure in order that, if a special session should be called, the legisla ture might have a program which would offer some appeal rather than one which would repel at the outset. , Being a Brand-New Grandfather By Herbert Johnson The Greased Way The grade percentage of the primrose path is so great that those who start down it acquire such a momentum that they are usually carried to the bot om. There is he case of Sarah Cowan of one of the first families of Baltimore, a society beauty and favorite whose body was found on Sunday night in a hotel in New York, and lay all day Monday in : state in a morgue, unclaimed. Died of drugs and alcoholism, her last night on earth spent with an unknown male companion. 'v Hers was a long journey from the Baltimore pinnacle to the obscure morgue, but it was quickly made. Not time enough had elapsed to rob her of her attractions for she was yet young, but dissipa tion had done the business. The way was lubricated for an easy and a swift descent. The moral is In the incident and not in the rela- tion of it. She is only one of the thousands of women and girls who have flitted down the beauteous path. She must have seen some terrifying things along the way but she couldn't stop, fleeing only to the mroe horrible ones farther down. . . 7 Cheering 'News A dispatch from Memphis, Tennessee stating that the American Cotton Growers Exchange will as sist in the fight to secure tariff protection for long staple cotton' brings cheering news and further brightens the prospect. " ' . . ..... Of the seven states which participated . in the forming of the overhead organization of the co-oper-', atlve marketing association, at Oklahoma City last spring, all but Arizona are of . the so-called cotton states. Each is represented by two . Democratic . senators whose aid we thinks the exchange may en- : list,' despite any lingering partisan objection - in the south tohe protective principle. "''.' "' ' ' ' That objection seemed to be vanishing at the time of the Atlanta conference last winter. A re-- Cent letter from Senator Fletcher of Florida indi cated that he had given Senator Ashurst to believe that his aid might be counted upon in the tariff fight. Republican senators from the West who have' replied to letters which have been sent them from Phoenix have generally pledged their support of a long staple cotton tariff so that we have reason to , believe that protection will be granted this industry. What the senate finance committee may do about it Is uncertain. The West is represented in the majority of the committee by Senators McCum- ber, Smoot, La Follette and Curtis. We believe that they may be counted upon in the committee strong ly to favor long staple cotton, and would with the Democratic members constitute a majority. But party members of a committee comparatively sel dom go against a majority of their party, so that a majority committee repor frequently reflects the views of but a minority of all the members of the committee. ' i But whatever happens In the committee we are hopeful that when this comes up in the senate, as many matters are sure to come, long staple cotton will be supported by ' a majority favoring substan tial protection. - Wire your vacationing friends to hurry home and enjoy the climate. '" - Stockmen of Arizona have gone through un precedented troubles this year but the recent rains have brought them to the end of them. Senatflr Garner's complaintothat the tax changes proposed by Secretary Mellon would further ' shift the burden from the" classes to the masses certainly does not apply to the proposition to strike out the soda water tax. ' Women's coats are to be longer than their skirts. May be postponed climatic conditions which com pel the wearing' of coats. We'll soon see whether women's ears suffered atrophy during their imprisonment. , It is easy enough to destroy ships, forts and cities "theoretically" with airplanes, but when it comes to sinking a condemned ship with real bombs, that "is something else again." The Maricopa county marriage license clerk maintains his lead oyer the divorce court only by nose, and the proboscis is not a long one. The Schedule Needs Revision' The schedule of reductions in appropriations proposed by the tax-payers committee urging a spe cial session of the legislature, we understand was hastily prepared and was understood by those who prepared it to be subject to modification. Many of the items are impossible of reduction, however will ing the legislature la special session might b'aUo re duce them . A part of the money appropriated In the regular session has already been expended or con tracts requiring its expenditure have already -been entered into. ' Other of the reductions would mean only waste instead of saving. For instanme it is proposed to divest the department of weights and measures of all appropriations for that department except that covering the salary of the officer in charge. There would be nothing for traveling expenses; nothing even for postage and stationery. The officer would be confined to a bare room, to do nothing but draw his salary, and helpless to earn a cent of it. Then the proposed withdrawal of sustenance rom the office of dairy commissioners is ill-advised Justified only by the theory that this office in any circumstances is a useless one. The question should be not whether in the present time the state can af ford the expense of maintaining the office, but whether such an office should ever be maintained. But we do not think that even the proponents of reduction 'would allow themselves to be shifted to that ground. It is indisputable that the office is a - useful one, helpful ' to the dairy industry which in Arizona was never in direr need of help. And cer tainly Arizona was never in direr need of the dairy tt,o. nr. .11 rnt in see it restored at the earliest moment. . . We are la sympathy with the purposes of the men who want to lighten the burdens of the tax payer tcr thpv r. too treat. If we do not agree with them as to the advisability of a special session. It Is because we feel the hopelessness of any accom plishment in such a session. That hopelessness is not modified by the list of Wjrcstd reductions which we think the committee '-' ' f I r ' ? i " ' U 1 1 ' m i HILL IN BERLIN This photo graphy of David Jayne Hill, former ambassador to Germany, was made upon his recent sojourn in Berlin. He will probably be appointed the first ambassador to Giiinany tinea the war. Copyright. 9J1 by Herbert jobnsoa nT(77 ' v. .' . ' lr X?' y ' ' j ( A) AM? QUITE A Hit WITH -THE REtlReD ' jlffj CIRCUS T0BVACTV MAH - ' Cj ABOUT THIE SIT ATE Auto Kills Child NOG ALES Before the eyes of a number of horrified spectators, Harry, the three-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Williams, 141 Franklin street, was run down by an automobile being driven in Morley avenue by Faustino Da Vila at 8:30 o'clock last" night and died at S o'clock this morning at St. Joseph's hospital, without regaining consciousness. At the request of the father of the dead child, no inquest was held, the circumstances of the sad affair show ing that the accident was entirely unavoidable. Herald. Make Murder Mystery Arrest PRESCOTT George Freyda's mur der at his lonely cabin beyond Walk er was opened up for further inves tigation with the detention yesterday of Geo. H. Long, a health-seektr, and the preparation of County At torney John L. Sullivan to probe . what has for IS months constituted one of the" blankest of death -nyster- ies of the Bradshaws. That "another man, , unnamed. and in Keneral unknown, is con cerned in the affair, was the belief of county authorities yesterday whiji Long had been brought to Prescott and placed in tne county jail.-Journal-Miner. Have Close Escape TUSCON Pinned beneath a heavy overturned automobile, two of them for several hours, four Tucson men miraculously escaped death at an early hour Saturday morning. The men were Nal Hedberg. Oney Ander son, Jr Dr. J. Zanone ana S. W. Col Una Strangely, Collins, who was one of the first to escape from the over turned machine is the only one of the four whose injuries necessitated his remaining In the hospital Star. Get Record Rainfall BISBEE The month of July,. 192;, will go down in history as the wet test month in 30 years. Never before according to the old timers, was there rainfall so heavy during the month of July. Seven and ninety-five one hundredths inches of rain have fallen in Bisbee since t?iethird ot July, and that does not include the fall that occurred yesterday morning after J o'clock and the fall of last night. Review. Avoids Arrest; Makes 8ale MIAMI While sojourning in the White mountains to avoid service of a warrant for his arrest on a charge of attempted blackmail. Lee Penrod has found i time and company suf ficient for the safe negotiation of a $10,000 asbestos claim sale, according to Chief Deputy Bill Rose who re turned last night from an official visit to the Salt-and Black river Junction country. Penrod is said to have owned sev eral valuable claims in that vicinity and while there has succeeded in clo ting va deal for their sale which netted him $10,000.' it is stated. BELLICOSE STATESMEN Derton Braleys Daily Poem Taboo Ycu may write me from the mountains or the sea. You may rave about the tennis and croquet. You may sing a song of unrestricted gTee As you chronicle your happiness at play; You may tell me all about the fun I miss t . In the cards and in the letters you indite; . I can stand it if you'll only spare me this "We are sleeping under blankets every night!" I've no doubt you've found a most enchanting spot 7 Where the swimming and motoring are fine; ' I'll admit the city's furiously hot ' (I am getting too much fahrenheit in mine); You may write to me of matters such as these And Til take them very calmly, biit I'll fight If you sptll that superannuated wheeze, "We are sleeping under blankets every night." When I'm gasping in an oven of a room. When I'm tossing on a mattress filled with fire. It does not at all alleviate my gloom As I- cast away each vestige of attire, . To be told of gentle winds and chilly airs, - So I warn you to be careful what you write, For rm gonna kill the lollop who declares ' "We are sleeping under blankets every night!" t-i-l v THE EX-LIAR BY OR. FRANK, CRANE (Copyright. 1121. by Frank Crane) By Frederic J. Haskin i WASHINGTON, D. C. Aug. 2.' Recently the proceedings of a com mittee of conpress were enlivened by a clash between Representative Johnson of Kentucky, and a brother of Grover Cleveland Bergdoll. the slacker who has found sanctuary in Germany. 'Ben , Johnson is no stranger to affairs of this sort, hav ing figured prominently In one some years ago in which his opponent was a Washington attorney or su perior physical proportions. On this occasion Mr. Johnson sought a wea pon but was prevented "from doing any shooting.. Such clashes appear periodically to liven up the news of the day Tom Heflin, now in the senate, while rep resenting his Alabama district in the house, was one of the principals with Representative Norton of North Dakota, in a fight on the floor of the house, and also took part In a shoot ing affray on a Washington street car some years before that.. Mrr Heflin was worsted In the short encounter In which he figured on the floor of the house. Relations between Norton and Heflin were very strained, and came to a head one afternoon when Norton walked across to the democratic side of the house and asked Heflin some question, which quickly led to a physical encounter. When they were separated, Mr. Nor ton had Mr. Heflin quite helpless. his rotund form bent backward over one of the desks. This seemed to satisfy both for there was no second clash. On another occasion Heflin re flected .seriously upon the marks manship of southern gentlemen when he opened fire on a negro on a street car and hH an innocent and inoffen sive jockey in the knee. One of Mr. Heflin's brothers, a surgeon, come from the South to attend the victim of the statesman's bullet. James K. Vardaman, until recently senator from Mississippi, caused nation wide comment by an attack on a negro porter on a train. No action was taken against either Heflin or Vard aman.. "Bob" Thomas of Kentcuky, like former Senator Bailey of Texas, fig ured in physical encounters with newspapermen. Thomas was undone by a mail sack over which he tripped, the newspaperman perching himself on the chest of the prostrate legis lator and having all of the better of the battle.. The Bailey fracas took place with the late Captain W. Sinkler Manning, who was killed in France a few days before the armistice was signed Manning was a husky chap, over six reet tall, and the Texasenator was not able to make mufn of an im pression on him Old Fashioned Satisfaction Statesmen of old used to resort quite freely to the dueling pistol when they felt there was any danger of their shining honor becoming tar nished. Thomas H. Benton, for 30 years senator front Missouri, was probably th-s most trequent partici pant in duels. This was due to his running a paper in St. Louis called "The Missouri Inquirer," in which he set forth his views boldly with no fear or fa vol. In one duel he killed his opponent. FierV Andrew Jackson was always in hot water of some kind, and took part in two duels. In one of them be killed Charles Dickinson, who was dead shot with the pistol. Of this famous duel ft is said that Dickinson to shake Jackson's nerves, entertained the party on the way to the dueling grounds by shooting birds out of the trees, and making other exhibitions of his remarkable ability with the pistol. Jackson, though, saved his own life in a curious way.. He wore a coat of extra fullness on the left side, which deceived Dickinson. Dick inson's shot missed Jackson's heart, but hit Jackson, although he gave no sign.. - Then Jackson shot Dickinson dead, and not even Jackson's seconds knew he was hit until he returned to the hostelry where he was putting up. On drawing off his left boot, it was found to be full of blood. Jackson was maimed f r life from the shot. Jeickson's other duel was with John Sevier, first governor of Tennessee, who was one of the prime movers in the formation of the proposed state of FTanklln;. One of Jackson's firmest political friends was Thomas H. Benton, who secured payment of the expenses of Jackson's men after they were or dered disbanded in Mississippi on their way to New Orleans. This friendship was terminated, though. when Jackson stood as a second against Jesse Benton, a brother of Thomas. Later Jackson threatened to horsewhip Thomas Benton. The two Bentons and Jackson got into a brawl in a tavern, in which Jackson was chot twice and Jesse Benton badly stabbed. . - . Perhaps the most famous duel of American history is that , in which Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr took part. , Hamilton had been in strumental several times in block ing the political ambitions of Burr, which the latter keenly resented. Finally, for some pretended or real insult. Burr challenged Hamilton to mortal combat. Hamilton was ser iously opposed to the dueling code, but felt that if he refused to meet Burr he would be deemed a 'coward. When the men met. It is believed that Hamilton discharged his weapon in the air. Burr's shot struck Hamil ton and Hamilton died from the woujd the day after the dueL Many other duels between well known Americans are recorded. DeWitt Clinton and Swartout set tied their differences on the socalled field of honor. Ctlley and Graves fought a duel. Cadwalladex and Con way, and General Mcintosh and Gwinnett, of the time of the Revolu tion, took part in such affrays- Charles Ie. once second in com mand to Washington, and formerly of the British army, proved by history to be a traitor to - America, was wounded in duel by Colonel John Laurens, of Washington's staff. Lee disobeyed orders in failing to hasten the retreat of his army across New Jersey, and was captured by the British, but his exchange was ef fected because his perfidy was not known. Eventually he was relieved of his commission because .of an im pudent letter he wrote to congress. The Great Pacificator Fighta Henry Clay once forsook the fields of oratory and statesmanship to take part In a duel with John Randolph of Virginia. It grew out of the contest for. the presidency In 1824 when Clay was one of four contenders, the others being John Qulncy Adams, Andrew Jackson and William H. Crawford. No one of the four had a majority ot the electoral college, and the election was thrown into the house. As only the .three candidates ranking highest are considered. Clay was automatically out of it- He used his influence for Adams, who was elected. Later Adams made Oay his secretary of state, which caused great deal of comment. The Irascible Randolph capped the climax of this comment by declaring that the ap pointment meant the "comblnatlon,of the Puritan with the blackleg.." When they fired the first shot in the inevi table duel, both missed. Randolph found his hot blood so cooled that he refused to fire again, and there the matter ended, without bodily harm to either. t Dueling has been frowned down almost everywhere now. Occasionally a duel will occur in France.but fatal results rarely follow. German army officers and students have a dueling code, but in the students duels, a least, all vital poitlons of the body are so protected that nothing can re suit but a few picturesque scars of which the bearers usually are inor dinately proud. In every state in the union dueling is forbidden, with various penalties ranging from death to disqualification for public office forever. In Texas to this day, the governor on taking oath of office, must swear he has never taken part In a duel. About a month ago, says Henry Asselin, one of my friends, returning from Toronto, drew from his valise" a mysterious little bottle; he showed it to me. f "This," he, said, "is the big discovery of Dr. James, Cotton of Toronto. It is going to play smash with the world. Beside it the telegraph, the can opener, the Big; Bertha, and the poison gas are poor. " "This bottle contains a kind of ether, which ad4 ministered to a human being obliges him to tell the truth. The man who gets a sniff of this will never be -the. same. He is changed in reality as much aft Willie; Collier was in the play, 'Nothing But the Truth.' His memory is fatally perfect, the inhibitions or his judg ment are paralyzed." ; , ; ,r ' How about a woman: 1 asked. "Also," he replied: "only, of course, she needs a' arger dose." ', ! He went on : "Lake everybody else, 1 bought a bo;- ; ,le of the stuff, but like everybody else I have never' 1 dared open it. The consequences would be fatal." I shamed him for. his cowardice. I took the bottleJ unthinkingly removed the cork, and before J realized; : what I was doing I had got a whiff. ' ' ; A sort of rapture expanded my soul I felt that 1,7 had ceased forever to be a liar." - i . Alas, mv friends.. Todav you see in me the irtost wretched of men, and I esteem it my duty to expose to' my fellow-creatures my sad example. J Jb or 1 am something like a snail without a sneu. i am vulnerable all over. T stand naked to the winds ofj an untoward world. For a month now, I have not lied to a soul. I don I know how to lie.- . v . ... The result is that my wife has left, me, I hav quarreled with my children, I have no friends left, my business is neadea toward DanKruptcy, iew people wiu speak to me, I am more lonely and desolate upon this; earth than Job upon his cinder pile. J - j You see, my wife had a queer wray of asking me, sudden like, "What are you thinking about now?" In; my normal state I would have answered, I am think ing about Joan, of Arc, my.dear, or the League of Na-? tions, or the Irish Question, or Prohibition ;" but in this state unto which Dr. James Cotton and his doggone elixir have plunged me, I just tell 'The Truth. You understand. You are a married man. tone. never forgave me. As for my friends, I have not concealed irom them my opinions .as to their egotism, the rottenness of their; private life, their stupidity you know all the things' we think but dont say. But not any more I don't tell -"em anything. They won't let me come near enough." . But the -worst is, Im not able to he to Myseill l look in the glass and see I am young no longer. I know; I am vain, garrulous, and tiresome. I am a Has Been. I can't be an Optimist, for an Optimist has to be J a cheerful liar. i I am an Assassin! I have slain the world's best; friend Illusion! I THE ONCE 0VE1 li By H. I. PHILLIPS UA PEACE, PERFECT PEACE! Congress has discovered that the war is over and has made a pubic statement to that effect. The dealers in Ice cream, soda water and orange drinks, however, will con tinue deaf to the fart. War time prices are still prevailing in most parts of the country and there is as yet no Indication that the soft drink and cream men have changed their opinion that the war was fought to make the world safe for the summer beverage business. The war sent many things up In the air, but peace brought down noth ing except the ends of the ex-kalser' mustache. Slogan of the summer season: Eat, drink and be bankrupt Before the war the customary price for an ice cream soda was 10 cents some places sold them for 5. An ice cream cone sold for a nickel and orange drinks and the like were -'ip ping to a thrlsting populace at 5 cents per goblet. Then came the grea conflict, with the Immediate seizure by Germany of all the Ice Cream Mines and Nunt Sundae Forests and Pink Lemonade Factories. The last straw came with the blowing up of country, and the poor dealers in said products were forced to Jack up the prices or sacrifice one of their limou sines and country home to make both ends meetj The price was doubled in most cases. Then the government stepped In and imposed a war tax of 2 cents per dime. This was a terrible blow at the poor soda and ice cream men. But, ever resourceful, they jacked prices up another nickel or so, still affixing the 2 to 4 cent war tax. Take the orange drink man. When the gov ernment demanded a tax of 1 cent per B-cent drink, he Jumped the price to a dime, thus making it one for Uncle Sam and four extra for him self. What could be sweeter? It's a safe bet most orange drink men still have their original orange! And have you bought a quart of ice cream lately, Hortense? There's a business! And yet Rockefeller fools around with the oil industry. Boy. bring a pail of well water, please, and don't forget to tip the bucket! o Bank Clerk Charged With $10,000. Theft Republican A. n Leased Wire DALLAS. Texas, Aug. 1. A federal charge of embezzlement of $10.00 from the Southwest National Bank of Dallas has been filed here against James Lyons. Jr., a clerk in the bank's transit department. Lyons has been missing several days, gov- the Ice Cream Cone Piers . in this eminent agents said today. Turks Will Not Discuss Peace Pending Battle CONSTANTINOPLE. July 1 The. Turkish cabinet yesterday decidedf that any attempt toward hrlngingf about peace between Turkish na-J-' i tionaliBts and the Greeks would be inopportune until the battle aroand Angora had been fought to a de Anita decision. 1 Meanwhile a note from the MSovar ; government has been received accus- ing the British of supplying the Greek army with Turkish ammuni- ' tion. ' Reports from the Black Sea coast announce that Sinope, 75 miles west-' of Samsun, and Trebizond, have been) bombarded by Greek warships. The Greek destroyer Panther was dam- ' aged by fire from the land batteries.' - , Judge Says Texas Mob Worse Than Bolshevik HOUSTON, Texas. Aug. 1. De-1-claring that "we are facing a condi tion verging on anarchy worse than Russia ever felt," nd branding the practices of taking men out wjtiout giving them a fair trial and sviect-" Ing them to Indignities as "da rtkiftable., cowardly procedure." Judge C. Rob- inson. in criminal court today, charged the new grand Jury to in- vestlgate "every unlawful transac tion ia this county."