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TriE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, PHOENIX, SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 5, 1921 THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN k. rESZ:J'1X- AH1ZONA itnSV? Mrntn by the (i, R.?ONA PlBLlSHING COMPANY entered at the Postofflce at Phoenix. Arizona, aa Mall fMi.fc. gBU,V ! ,h Second Class fS " President Dwlglit B. Heard t.-nrl Mnnaser and Secretary.. ' . Charles A. Stauffer Business Manager W. W. Knorpp r.ditor j w 8pear News Editor E. A. Young SUBSCRIPTION ftAT feS--lM "VdVANCU Daily .nd .Sunday OUTSIDE STATE OF ARIZONA One year. 13.00; . R mo.. $6.75. 3 mns $1 .-u; 1 mo.. $1.25 IN ARIZONA BY MAIL OR CARKTER One year. $3.00; moi . $4 f0; 3 mos.. $2.00: I mo., T5c SUNDAY EDITION oy mall ony- $5.00 per year Pnnna OOI Private Branch Exchange A ilUIIC tOJ X Connecting All OepartmenU General Advertising Representatives: Robert E. Ward, B--unswlek Bids New Vork Millers Bld . Chteago; W. R Bari-anger. Examiner Eidg.. San Francisco. Post Intrlliecncer Bide.. Seattle. Title Insurance Bide.. Los AnReics MEMBERS OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Receiving Full N'ght Report, by Leased Wire The Associated Presa Is exclusively entitled to the use for re-publlcatlon of all news dispatches credited to It or not otherwise credited In this paper and also the local news published herein. A3 rurhts of re-publication ot special dispatches herein are also reserved SATURDAY HORNING, NOVEMBER 5. 1921. To think everything disputable is a proof of a weak mind and a cap tions temper. Beattie. Carman Militarism Though we have seen no reference to its Inclusion la tho agenda, -wo suppose the subject of German militarism will be brought up, in some way, at the disarmament conference. That is a matter more rroperly to be dealt with by the parties to the Ver sailles treaty, those concerned in the enforcement cf the treaty. Yet it may be urged by France as a pre text against the limitation of the land forces of the republic For some months the London Times has warned the world that Germany was evading the Versailles treaty which limits its army to 100,000 men. A month ago it called attention to a discovery that the Ger man government was attempting to make provision 1 ia respect of army clothing, personnel, depots and material for an army of 800,000 men. The Times mentions that the government has never yet pro duced a normal army budget; that items properly belonging to such a budget appear to be concealed in the estimates of other services. The enforcement of this provision of the treaty rests with the Central Commission, composed of Kntente, army officers, who are, no doubt, aware of the attempted German evasion, and the Times says ita purpose is not to disparage the work of the com mission but to move it' to still greater vigilance. ' The allied nations, the Times says, may be mis led by the wholesale scrapping and destruction, un der the terms of the treaty, of German munitions cf war. But it reminds the world that all this is rela tive; that the allies have also scrapped and de stroyed much of their own munitions . which have cot since been replaced. The activity of the Germans as described by the Times reminds one of another military revival in Germany in spite of depressing conditions. Follow ing the Jena campaign and the Peace of Tilsit, the great Napoleon, to remove forever the Prussian menace, imposed a condition limiting the Prussian army to a. ridiculously small number. And Napoleon saw that that number was not increased, but he did cot see the underground working of Scharnhorst In laying the foundation for a greater military machine than ever. He did not observe that though the army was held at the numbers fixed by the treaty, its per sonnel was constantly changing, so within a few years almost every available Prussian had passed through it and had become a trained soldier. The framers of the limitation provision at Ver sailles profited from some of the oversights of Ka poleon, but It has been discovered that even then ; some loop-holes were left ot which the Germans may avail themselves without actually violating the provision. It has been ascertained that there is a vast disproportion of officers. In some of the organ izations fifty per cent are non-commissioned officers and an excessive number of senior officers, prepared to train and take over' reserve battalions. Then there is another organization known as the "Security police" which is in effect, an army reserve of the quality of first line troops. Besides these there are semi-military societies, with a membership of thou sands. Such a military force as Germany is supposed to be creating could be created and maintained at ' aa expense much less than France is called upon to bear, and except for heavy artillery would be as effective. It would be a most dangerous force if another general European war should flame out. Things happen unexpectedly. When the armis tice was signed only three years, lacking one week, ago, no one could have supposed that German mill- . tarism, then so hopelessly crushed, could present an alarming shadow in so short a time. But it was only six years after Prussia was crushed At Jena and humbled in the dust that it was able to send Elucher to Waterloo to turn the tide against Napoleon. The Speeches of Mr. Harvey Ambassador Harvey is either the freest volun teer talker the state department has ever sent abroad or else he has been entrusted with greater powers than any other representative of the nation. Ambassadors and ministers in their public ad dresses have usually adopted Tallyrand's definition ' of language. Mr. Harvey has never used it at home or abroad to conceal his thoughts. In two important speeches, one of which has subjected him to considerable home criticism, and the other more recent, which, we have no doubt, will be, severely criticised, we cannot say that the am bassador misrepresented an overwhelming public sentiment in America. But since it was unnecessary, it was undiplomatic to express that sentiment. Undoubtedly Americans are opposed to any alli ance with any European nation or to the taking part in any entente. That was pretty well demon strated a year ago. We do not think European statesmen are any longer indulging delusions as to that. It was therefore unnecessary for Mr. Harvey to allude to the subject since it was improbable that we would be invited into an alliance. If so, it would be a matter which could be more quietly handled by the state department. The public statement of Mr. Harvey cannot be regarded as a contribution to a more harmonious relation between the people of Western Europe and America. It was likewise unnecessary, however accurate h may have been, for the ambassador last spring, to deny that America entered the war in the interest if I. true that he had the facts on ,.f humanity- ' ... a e We had permitted humanity to be menaced r"r three long years. We had witnessed In that time lV;rk outrage, upon humanity and we bad suf- ';.;me outrages ourselves. It was not, as Mr. Harvey stated, until those outrages became unbear able, and that we perceived, in the event of German success, a national peril, that we decided to enter the war. But why should that be recounted by the am bassador and retailed to an English audience already aware of the facts? Moreover, there were many Americans who were concerned in the war not merely as a self-serving war; who actually regarded it as a war for democracy, for humanity and who had long urged that we get into it. This element, though in the minority, was misrepresented by Mr. Harvey in the Pilgrim Day speech. Perhaps we should more accurately say, this element was ignored by Mr. Harvey in that address. The question he revived there was not a vital one and should not have been raised again. We suspect that the only purpose of the ambassador was to give the lie to the idealism of Mr. Wilson, who had dwelt much on the holiness of the war. If Mr. Wilson was in .the wrong, he has been repudiated. The war was over and it no longer mat tered why we had become Involved In it. It re mained only for the historian to describe the causes of it" and the motives that actuated the participants. Edward Bok's Americanization The study of human nature is the most fascinat ing offered in the curriculum of life. In the people with whom we associate we have a constant chang ing kaleidoscope of tastes and dispositions, mental and moral traits. Often the only way to become familiar with the great and the near-great is through their biographies or autobiographies. Edward Bok, the man who created the Ladies Home Journal, which has chased the gloom from millions of housewives' hearts, has written his own biography, under the title of "The Americanization of Edward Bok," in an original fashion, for he has used the third person. , Mr. Bok tells how the craze for autograph col lecting hit him and how with the perseverance which he had inherited from his Dutch ancestors through it he came into contact with all the great men and women of his time, which might be called the "wan ing generation-" He also tells how, guided by that same deter mination and a keen and clever brain, he raised him self from office boy to editor of the largest women's magazine in the country, and then gives us a pic ture of the inside workings of that magazine and its development. It is a most fascinating tale. Psychology and Advertisement During the last year robberies of mail trucks have been reported from dozens of cities. The bold ness with which these crimes were executed and the huge amounts secured were startling. There had been previous Isolated robberies of mail bags so that no special attention was attracted to them. But a year ago one more than usually bold in which the bandits netted a huge sum seems to have set other bandits to thinking so that a long series of such crimes followed. There was therefore some thing of the same psychology as that which a few years ago produced a long series of suicides by bi chloride of mercury. In a case of some prominence, it was mentioned, now we think unadvisedly, in the dispatches that that particular drug was used. No doubt that sug gested a wide-spread use of It, and, we suppose, even suggested suicide to persons of morbid tendency who had not yet brought themselves to that point. BI-chlorlde of mercury is not a pleasant means of death. There are scores of ways less painful of going hence, but that one having been the latest and most widely advertised, was the one which was adopted until It became a sort of a vogue. It was due in part to advertisement, no doubt, that there has been such a run of mall robberies. The ease with which they were committed, the Inade quacy of precaution against them having been de scribed, appealed to persons of activity in other criminal lines and possibly to some who were not criminals but fell ready victims in a time of unem ployment to the lure which the news agencies spread before them in accounts of the early great mail robberies. . But there will be fewer of them from now on, thanks to a precaution adopted by Postmaster Gen eral Hays In providing that mail trucks carrying valu able packages shall be accompanied by sidecar mo torcycles carrying armed guards. It is ons thing to ' hold up in a city street a mail wagon or truck, though guarded, and quite another, to hold up an accompany ing detachment of guards. A magazine writer says a dog fills an empty space in one's life. We've noticed that function of the hot- dog. Before, long those German printing presses won't be able to print enough marks in twenty-four hours to paj for the oil and repairs. There is such a thing as over-lubrication, as every automobillst at some time learns. And then there is Mexico. Its chief trouble is too much oil. The first thing that some people want when they get a little money is a car, and then, the first thing they want when they get a car is a little money, says a thoughtful observer. Maybe It Is a Good Omen. By Herbert Johnson YOUTH LEAVES FRENCH FARMS Today the middle aged peasant women of France are still the peasant women of 1789. They have the same lack of education and initiative, the same will ingness to slave for their masters. But a change has come over the men. They have suddenly awakened to the fact that the town cannot live without the country, though the country does not need the town for its existence. The peasant is In the peculiar position of being completely independent of every other claes. The railroads and other utilities might cease to function and still he would continue to exist as usual. There fore, one result of the war has been a growing antag onism between the town and the country. The peas ant has made the gesture of going on strike against the towns. The people of this class having suffered terribly in the war are now realizing their power. The war weighed so heavily upon them because of it being possible for their places to be filled by old men and children. They never had to be called back from the front as industrial workers were. When the armis tice came few peasants were willing to return per manently to their farm work except those who had large families, whereas 60 per cent of the factory workers went back to their old jobs. The complaint is made on all sides now that it is most difficult to get help on the land. The young men and women are going into factories and so causing a great shortage of labor In rural districts. In the old days the whole family remained on the farm, wbiie now the sons and daughters come into town, leaving the old people to work alone. All this notwithstanding the fact that the farming classes are much the richest, and although the capi talist and industrial classes are heavily taxed, the farmers pay almost nothing. Mrs. .Borden Il.irriinaii in the No v York World CopyiirM, 192 1. by Herbert Jokavra, TqX-QOK SOrAfc WHAT lKE Th A1AV BE SURPRISED TO flNO -fHErA NOT.SO Dtff.fl.tVT AffE ALU ABOUT THE STATE i BIBLE THOUGHT FOR TODAY Where Is Your Treasure? Where your treas ure is, there ivill your heart be also. Matthew 6:21. Safety While Asleep: will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou, Lord, only makest me dwell in sd.fety. Psalm 4:8. VICTORIA BY DR. FRANK CRANE (Copyright, 192L by Frank Crane) Arrest Suspects NOG ALES With the arrest of Manuel Morales. Arturo Lugo and Manuel Lopez at 6:30 o'clock this morning, Nogales police believe they have apprehended three men respon sible for several robberies in this city during the past week. An attempt to break into the home of former Collector of Customs Charles E. Hardy's residence, 513 Crawford street, at daylight this morning, started developments that brought about the capture of the bur glars. Herald. Deport Mexicans TUCSON Farewell to the United - States and its many charms and va rious and sundry blue and near-blue laws was bid by a party of five Mex ican aliens who Monday departed for the southern republic by way of No gales under the chaperonage of In spector Walter F. Miller of the local immigration service. The trip was taken at the request of the govern ment, and the government always likes to have things done right. Hence the special party with Miller as an escort. Citizen. Investigating Swedish Aliens. TUCSON Eelieved to be deserters from a Swedish steamship, Gustaf Erhard Johanson and David Ostling, Swedish aliens, were taken into the custody of the Immigration service from a Southern Pacific train at Bowie Monday and were brought to Tucson by Inspector Percy K. Mullen, who arrested the pair at Bowie. Johonson and Ostling were lodged in the detention quarters of the local immigration station for examination and action by the department. Both men carried Swedish identification papers showing legal entry into the United States. . Their cases will be thoroughly investigated by Robert A. Scott, inspector in charge of the local station. Citizen. Bates Appointed Delegate PRESCOTT L. L. Bates, president of the Yavapai County Farm Bureau and a well known rancher and or chardist of this county, yesterday received from C S. Brown, president of the Arizona State Farm Bureau, word of his appointment as a dele gate from Arizona to attend the con vention of the United States Farm Bureau at Chicago, November 12. Mr. Bates was chosen by President How ard of the national farm bureau, as one of 15 men in different parts of the country upon whom has been con ferred the honor of representing thair sections at this conference. Journal Miner. Tractor Turtles; Driver Hurt YUMA George Robertson, em ployed by the Yuma county highway department, is lying at the Yuma hospital In a serious condition as the result of an accident Tuesday after noon when a tractor which he was driving overturned, pinning liim be neath it. Driving the tractor, Robertson was towing a wagon about the county corral on Eighth street when the machine reared and toppled over backwards. Robertson was caught beneath it and had to be extricated by other workmen. He was hurried to the Yuma hos rdtal whpTA it wa found that he was suffering .from sovere bruises and! contusions about the chest and ab domen. Sun. Consider Milk Problem PRESCOTT In an effort to devise some means of cutting down impor tations of miik into Prescott from outside the county, a number of Yavapai dariymen met with Profes sor W. S. Cunningham of the Uni versity of Arizona this afternoon and discussed plans for a cooperative system of milk distribution. It was pointed out during the con ference, held at the office of County Agricultural Agent C. U. PicberiU. that under present conditions an un reasonable amount of milk has to be shipped into this city to supply the demand on local dairies. Aside from the large number of gallons shipped in for consumption in the city itself, the commissary at Whipple Barracks has to import 300 gallons a day, mak ing a total daily importation of be tween 500 and 600 gallons of milk. Courier. THE FLOOD PROBLEM By Frederic J. Haskin v WASHINGTON, D. C, Nov. 4 Repeatedly during the past summer the front piges of the papers have been filled with the news of flood dis asters. Hundred i of lives have been lost and millions of dollars' worth of property destroyed Two good sized American cities have seen floods tear the hearts out of their business dis tricts, many smaller places have been damaged and countless farms have been floodswept. Any one can see that a great engi neering problem faces the country. Leaving out the question of human life needlessly destroyed, the loss of . property is enormous. The floods of 1913 are estimated to have done dam age to the amoui t of $163,546,793. In Dayton alone the damage done has amounted to $73,249,040. Between 1900 and 1908 t'ue damage done by floods in the United States, as esti mated by tht geological survey, va ried from a minimum of about $45, 000.000 to a maximum of about $237, 000,000. Plainly enough such losses are intolerable, and large expeditures for flood prevention would be an economy The facts oi this large loss and of the need for doing something about it are ge: erally recognize;!. Wide publicity has been given to both. The house of representatives has recently created a special com mittee on flood control, which may be taken as reliable evidence of the popular demand for some action in the matter. Millions of Americans have had the flood menace im pressed upon them, not only by pub licity,, but by actual experience. The number of American cities that have been floodswept at one time or an other is surprising. Adequent action is of course de pendent upon this public recognition of the need for it. The trouble seems to be that a great deal of misinfor mation has bef n disseminated as to the cause of floods and the means of preventing them, with tho result that there has been no puonc de mand for a eally sound method of flood control. A Public Illusion Briefly, tho public has been led to believe that floods have been on the increase for some years past, and that this Increase is due to defor forestation of the land and to the methods of cultivating It. Hence it is generally believed that reforestation and proper agricultural methods are the real methods of flood preven tion. As a matter of fact, studies of the foods made by scientific men both In this country and in Europe, seem to prove conclusively that neither the size nor the frequency of floods I base generally increased with de forestation and the cultivation of the lands; that our flood disasters are due to the fact that we built our cities on liood plains without ade quate protection, and that the only solution of the problem is to protest these cities by adequate engineering works for flood prevention. It seems clear that forest conserva tionists have contributed a great deal to the popular misunderstanding. The sincerity is not to be challenged. Neither is the importance of con serving the forests we have and cf planting oth-is to be questioned. But the condition of the forests Goes not have the decisive effect on floods which the public has teen led to be lieve. This seems to be established by all the scientific studies that have been made of the matter. Fairly complete flood records for the Mississippi river at St. Louis have been studied from 1S30 to 191". with some eailier records. During all the period the wh le Mississippi river basin was being deforested. Yet the greatest floods occurred in 1844 and 17S5, and a diagram shows that the great floods have occurred at regu lar intervals since the beginning of the ooservations, with no general in crease or decrease in either size or ; frequency Th same thing has been found true for the Ohio, Missouri and Connecticut rivers. A study of the floods on the Morrimac river has shown that a deforestation of 23 per cent hhd no effect on them. Studies of floods on the Seine and the Dan ube in Europe for much lonu-er pe riods corroborate these conclusions. The Real Cause of Floods The real cause of our Hood dis asters is that civilisation ha ilravn the cities ani horned down into lli! path of the floods, and that we have not given them protection. Kail roads have followed the bottoms of valleys because the easiest grade is there, i-rid the iti have been built down by the rai.radj instead of up on the bills, tIw: more primitive aiir, rtncrally bui-t their homes and cities. Our valley cities are sure to be destroyed at regular intervals until; all of them have been properly pro tected against floods. This is the fact which must oe driven home. Floods, are one form cf history which may be confidently relied upon to; prove it. Any dweller in an unpro tected city or town in one of our great valleys can study a chart of the floods that have occurred In the past and predict with accuracy when he will next need a rowboat or a liife preserver. At least, he may predict how often he will need it in a given period of years. Scientists have even made formulas for predicting floods. It may be calculate- that floods oi the greatest size on a given tlverl will occur, over a considerable' stretch of time, once in every 25 years on an average. Those of the next magnitude will occur half as often on an average, and so on down. In the diagrams which have been prepared, it is remarkable how reg ularly the high-water marks occur. There is no space in this article for an adequate discussion of the methods of flood prevention. There are two chief methods dikes or levees and retaining basins. We have one of the greatest examples of the former in the jetties of the lower Mississippi. These have shown the limitations of such works. They af ford local protection, but often serve to back the waters up in other places, causing floods where otherwise there would be none. An excellent example of retaining basins is seen in those on the head; of the Mississippi river, which were built primarily as aids to navigation, but have had a most important usej in preventing floods. There are no' retaining basins In this country built j primarily for flood control, but. numerous basins created for lrriga-j tion purposes, or to produce water j power, have shown the great possi-i Mlities of this method of control. laj Europe retaining basins have beenj used for flood control for a long! time. The best engineering opinion seems to be that whet the United States needs is a great unified system of flood cclitrol, especially for the Mis sissippi drainage. Most persons do not realize what a large part of the United States this embraces. Waters rising to the surface as far west as Montana and New Mexico and as far east as Pennsylvania and Welt Vir ginia ultimately reach the Missis sippi. It is in this great system of rivers that most of our floods occur. The Pueblo flood was a Mississippi basin flood. Obviously flood control in this great area must be handled as one problem. The methods adopted in each locality must be suited to its individual reeds, but must also take into account its effect on the whole sysUm. It is probable that re taining basins, many of which will also serve other purposes, such as irrigation or power production, will be the solution of the problem. One of the most diverting books I have read this long time is Lytton Strachey's "Queen Victoria." One beauty of the volume is that its title indicates exactly its contents, which is not always the case with books, and it is not pleasant to pick up one thinking it is a biography and find you are in for a homily. A good many criticisms- in fact, remind us of the witty remark of some Frenchman who said that the critic's method usually was: "Apropos of Shakespeare and his art, I will proceed to talk about myself." Strachey's pages really give us Victoria. And reading them one cannot help feeling sorry for the old girl, and for all whom fate condemns to the barren lone liness of royalty. t For instance, wTe are given on page 97 a 'glimpse of a royal evening party. After dinner the company reassembled in the drawing-room, for at her majesty's affairs gentlemen were denied even the sole remaining refuge of getting drunk. The queen proceeded to swap platitudes with those present, and the evening moved forward in arid and deadly elegancce. -. Here is her conversation with Mr. Greville, clerk of the privy council : "Have you been riding today, Mr. Greville?" asked the queen. "No, madam, I have not," replied Mr. Gre ville. "It was a fine day," continued the queen. "Yes madam, a very fine day," said Mr. Greville. "I was rather cold, though," said the queen. "It wras rather cold, madam," said Mr. Greville. "Your sister, Lady Frences Egerton, rides, I think, doesn't she?" said the queen. "She does ride sometimes- madam," said Mr. Greville. There was a pause, after which Mr. Greville ven tured to take the lead, though he did not venture to change the subject. "Has your majesty been riding today?' asked Mr. Greville. "Oh, yes, a very long ride," answered the queen with animation. "Has your majesty got a nice horse," said Mr. Greville. "Oh, a very nice horse," said the queen. It was over. Her majesty gave a smile and an in clination of the head, Mr. Greville a profound bow, and the next conversation began with the next gentleman. When all the guests had been disposed of, the Duchess of Kent sat down to her whist- while everybody else was ranged about the round table. Lord Melbourne sat beside the queen, and talked pertinaciously very often apropos to the contents of one of the large albums of engravings with which the round table was covered until it1 was half -past eleven and time to go to bed. May heaven be blessed that we were not born to the purple, and have nothing worse to endure than re ceptions of college presidents and Presbyterian church sociables! If there's anything along Main Street more asphyx iating than this royal chapter of horrors we have never found it. a 1 Questions And Answers inv rp a rl pr can r-pf tb answer to any question by writing The Repub lican Information Bureau, Fdereric J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. This offer applies strictly to informa tion. The bureau cannot give advice on legal, medical and financial mat ters. It does not attempt to settle do mestic troubles, nor to undertake ex haustive research on any subject. Write your question piainiy miu briefly. Give full name and address and enclose 2 cents In stamps for re turn postage. All replies are sent direct to the inquirer.) Q. In what part of the whale is the whalebone found? C. J. S. A. Baleen, commonly called whale bone, grows in the mouth of certain whales. It grows in dependent plates, ranging from 2 to 12 feet in length, attached to the upper jaw. and forms a fringe-like sieve for collecting and retaining food. Q". What dates divide ancient his tory from medeval, and medieval from modern history? J. P. P. A. The date used for the close of I ancient history is usually 4.6 A. U. j The date for the closing of medieval , Jiistorv is not bo cieailv defined. Some historians take the beginning of the sixteenth century about the time of the discovery cf America; some others use the date 1648 A. D.. making the middle ages include the : time between the establishment of j the first barbarian kingdom in Italy , and the general pacification of Eu rope, at the close of the Thirty Years' I war. I Q. What ia a wayz goose? C. J. S. "A. This Is one name given to an j annual outing and dinner of work men in England. It is either given I by employers or subscribed for by j the workmen. Another name applied I to this 'holiday making is a bean- j feast. Q. Why does the United States j government put a war tax on glasses ( w 1 1 di trie mt m nut m iuaui j wufc necessity '( H. E. A. Eye glasses are taxable if mounted in gold or silver. When they are mounted in anything else they are not taxable. The new law which has not yet passed congress specifically exempts eye glasses and spectacles. Q. Are the arguments at the hear ings before the railroad labor board and the orders issued by the board printed for public distribution? I. N. T. A. The orders are printed and can he secured from the secretary of the United States railway labor board, Chicago. The arguments are not printed by the board, but copies can usually be secured from those pre senting them. Q. What is the legend about the forming of the diamond? C. R. A. Diamond was the name of a handsome youth of the Island of Crete who was one of the attendants of the infant Jupiter in his cradle. It was decreed that Diamond should not be subjected to the ills that flesh is heir to, so he was transformed into the hardest and most brilliant substance in nature. Q. When, where and by whomwn the first bank in the United States organized? H. W. J. A. The first bank In the United States was the Bank of North Amer ica in Philadelphia. It was chartered by the Continental congtess on De cember 31, 17M. As originally es tablished, it wns the idea of Robert Morris. This bank is still in exist ence and is located at 3o7 Chestnut street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Q. What variety of strawbe-ry was first grown for commercial use in the United States? D.S.N. A The Large Early Scarlet was the lea.iing variety of strawberry grown from the beginning of com mercial strawberry growing, about 1S00 until about 1SC0. As tin va--riety was too soft to ship to distant markets, other varieties suitable to various climatic conditions have dis placed it. Q. How much is 'a metric ton? V. T. A. A metric ton is 1.000 kilograms, which C'.uais 2.2t't.6 pounds. Q Why are certain cabs called herdics? T. P. A Thin stvle of eab was rami-J for its inventor, l'ett r Herdio. j Q. Hew long has itatocing been practiced? P. Y. O. , A. It is impossible to say when, and where the custom of tatooing be- San, but it is of very ancient origin. ; In the tombs near Thebes were found painted representations of white men with tatooed bodies, and in his com mentaries Caesar writes of Britons being tatooed. Q. Has the Congressional Library ever been burned? E. L. C. A. The building which now houses the Library of Congress has never been destroyed by lire. Until 1897 when this building was completed, the library remained in the capitoL There, it was destroyed in 1S14 when the capitol was burned, and again in 1S51, a fire reduced it to 20,000 vol umes. It now contains nearly 3.000. 000 books, charts, maps, pieces of music, et cetera, Q. Of what material are most of the buildings in London mad? P. L. L. A. Ail parts of London are alike in the fact that most of the buildings are made of brick. There are no quarries nearby, so the stone for th finer buildings must be brought from a distance. The smoke-laden London fog blackens the entire city although the West End suffers least in this respect. Q. Are cray fish akin to lobsters? C. G. S. A. Shrimps, prawns and cray fish are allied to the lobster, the cray fish often being called fresh water lobster. erfonBraleyS uailyFoem Quality We have a modest little home It's like a million homes, I guess A yard, a bit of garden loam . In which we labor more or less; The house a simple frame affair. . A porch with flowers overgrown. You'll find its double anywhere. It isn't much, but It's Our Own! We have a car you know the make It rattles, but it seems to go. It suits us for the trips we take Just little journeys, to and fro: It makes us friendly with the sun, ;And on its wanderings we've known A lot of simpie, healthful fun: It isn't much, but it's Our Own! We have a Baby. It may be That there are millions just as good ; Bat you won't get Us to agree To such a thought, that's under stood. And though we love- our home, our car. We speak of them In modest tone. But Baby! of all babes there are Sh i the best and she's Our Own!