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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, PHOENIX, THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 8, 1921.
PAGE THREk NATIONAL BUDGET PLAPJ OUTLINED BY 'J01T. PRATT HERE Before 200 representative business tnen of the city, John T. Pratt, chair man of the natio' al budget commit tee, spoke yesterday on the work of the budget comn ittee and the reforms which have been effected in the na tion's business by Gen. Charles G. Dawes. His address was delivered at luncheon at the Y. M. C. A., and wan a clear and forceful examina tion of the work which has been un dertaken by General Dawes, support ed by the national budget committee which is made up of business men and otlirs who are In favor of an efficient regulation of government expenditures. Mr. Pratt said In part: " "Our national government can be spoken of as the greatest business In the world. The executive responsi bility for this enormous business en terprise, which goes under the name of the United States of America, Is perhaps the most tremendous thing possible. "Congress cannot In and of Itself think nationally, because the proper viewpoint and the proper machinery to carry out that viewpoint are lack ing. Just take my present trip as an example. In St. Louis I was warned of a strong local movement to spend $40,000,000 of governmental money to deepen and widen the Mississippi river. In Duluth, five days later, I sat next to the chairman of the Min nesota state commission, backing the project of our ' government joining with the Canadian government in -a. J270.000.0OO project to build a deep sea canal, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atant.c ocean. . Unless my memory Is at fault, I will find similar projects on my trip to the Gulf states and along t.e Atlantic seaboard. In the states of Washington and Oregon here and in Arizona and New Mexico there are irrigation propects under way. "Assuming tnat all these projects are meritorious, the old way, and the only way up to date, to get them authorized by appropriation bills was to make a drive on your local sena tors and congressmen. Everybody knows that there are bureaus in the executive departments at Washing ton filled with permanent civil serv Ice employees who are doing nothing else bih studying and working on our national needs for better -waterways and more and better irrigation. These pessonne. have to think nationally. Why in the name of common sense and business sagacity don't our peo pie take up their local national prob lems vith t te executive departments and not with their congressmen? The problem is right up to the people of this country. Do you prefer exec ptive planning, direction, study an; control ot our great national prob lems, or do you prefer to throw them Into the maelstrom of the log rolling, vote swapping pork barrel, wasteful methods under which the national house of representatives and our sen ate have been in the habit of acting? And now for the remedy: The national bndget bill was passed in June, 1921. It creates a bureau of the budget under a direc tor of the budget, in the office of the secretary of the treasury, but directly responsible to the president. The duties of the bur au are to comp'le and revise (no'e the word) , the esti mates of the executive bureaus and departments, and to submit the same to the president, to be by him trans mitted to congress on the opening day of each session, he budget is to contain a summory statement, ac companied by supporting schedules, showing the estimated revenue and expenses of the government for the next fiscal year. For the year 1921 only, an alternative budget Is to be presented, showing how the budget bureau would lik to submit its fig ures. For years there have been number of general appropriation bills, 15m number I believe. They are not well grouped functionally. For exam pie. the war department now get its money under five distinct bills. The alternative budget for 1921 will undoubtedly follow the functional standard, which ts the method used In countries operated under budget systems. "Gen. Charles G. Dawes of Chica "J8 '1 I I ; ... vr y JLUl - 4 ft.' v w -S Z- r . ' 1 1,5' . Ri If 1 r JOHN T P3Z4TT CarmanJotianaI BudfatComm go was appointed director or the budget and assumed his duties Jury 1, 1921. He has, under the law, a budget officer in each of the nine departmentss. In the five months he has been al work he has accom plished great results along two lines, First, he has cut out all the padding in the departmental estimates. Sen ator Smoot will not be able to telf his $20,000,000 Story in regard to the estimates put in this year, or here after. Second, he has done wonders in co-ordinating and setting to rights many executive activities. "The net result of what General Dawes' bureau of the budget has done is a saving of about $600,000,000 in the estimates made by the treas ury department in the spring of 1921. This saving so far as It represents cuts in departmental estimates, is of course, simply a paper saving un til congress, by adhering to the fig ures submitted by the president on Dec. 5, make- the saving of real and not a paper saving. "It is because there is no evidence that congress is going to follow these budget figures that 1 am here. I have endeavored to give a sketch of the actual conditions in our national cap ital, conditions for which no individ ual and no political party is respon sible. The blame is squarely upon the people of the United States for their lack of Interest in public affairs. "The remedy is simple. We want congress to change its rules of pro cedure by passing self-denying ordi nances, covering the following points "(a) The consideration by the house and by the senate, sitting as commit tees o' the whole, of the entire fi nancial plan contained in the presi dent's budge end in the report of a single appropriation committee in the house and in the senate. Such a sin gle appropriations committee has been created by th- house, but not yet by the. senate. "(b) A rule by which the members of both houses of congress deny themselves th right to introduce any bills calling for the appropriation of moneys until the president's budg et is acted upon and disposed of. "The only way to make congress listen is to get from 25,000 to 225, 000 people in t s country converted to a wholehearted belief in three slo gans: "(1) Make congress follow the president's budget, founded on Gen eral Dawes' work. "(2) Take your national problems to the executive departments and not to congress. "(1) Use the new standard for meas-uring the success of every mem ber of every legislative body 'Not what you ge. fOi your constituents, but what yoi. save for the country, the state or the city.' " t The budget delegation, headed by Mr. Pratt left New York, Nov. 14. Chicago was the first objetive, with stops at Pittsburg, Cincinnati, Cov ington, Ky., and Indianapolis. At Chi- HAVE YOU EN REPUBLICAN'S YET? NOW BIG TERED THE SCENARIO STIOfl Have you ever attended a motion picture show and gone away with a feeling down in your heart that you could, write a better story than that you saw portrayed on the screen? If you're a normal human being you have and now's the time to see whether you really can write a good movie story. Have you started a story for The Republican's scenario contest yet?" is becoming the question heard on every hand, since the contest was an nounced a few days ago, and in most cases the answesr is "Yes," for it seems everybody is out to win one of the six prizes offered. Hundreds of people in Phoenix are entering the contest, not only for the prizes but for the sake of the start in the scenario writing profession which a prize will give. Kvery person who attends the movies has his or her own ideas about what a good picture should be, and the contest affords an opportunity to set forth those ideas In concrete form and submit them to competent judges, who are to be an nounced in a few days. There are no strings to the contest. It is open to all. There are no condi tions but two that the story be type written, and in the hands of the "Scenario Editor, The Republican," before 6 p. m., Dec. 30 and no fees. Beside giving everybody a chance Six Prizes To Be Awarded For The Best Scenarios FIRST PRIZE Course in the Palmer Photoplay School. SECOND PRIZE Twenty-five dollars in cash. THIRD PRIZE Fifteen dollars in cash. FOURTH PRIZE Ten dollars FIFTH PRIZE Season pass to the Rialto theater. SIXTH PRIZE Season pass to the Strand theater writing, The Republican is teaching its readers how a scenario should be written. This morning The Republican is publishing the second of a series of eight articles on writing for the screen by II. II. Van Loan, one of the country's successful scenario writers. By reading Mr. Van Loan's series even the rawest beginner can write-a motion picture story. All that is needed is the idea. So get busy. Here's the chance you've been waiting for to break into the scenario writing game ry winning THE FOUR HOi EMEN to try his or her hand as scenario one of The Republican's prizes. TITLE FOR MOTION PICTURE STORY MUST BE SHORT AND SNAPPY, SAYS NOTED EDITOR The Scientifically Built Watch loLigne "Lady Waltham" No. to8j Hand Carved Caic, Green Gold A io Ligne "Lady Waltham" for $87.50 DO you know that a tiny watch costs a lot more to make (if it is made to keep time) than a larger one? The character of a watch is not denned by what it costs you, but how it serves you. And the 10 Ligne "Lady Waltham", in green gold, hand carved case, at eighty-seven dollars and a half, is a watch of unsurpassed character. The reputation of the Waltham Watch Company is behind your purchase of it, and their word that it is a fine timekeeper is built into the"works"of it. The "Lady Waltham" is a lasting Christmas gift. Beautiful and useful made to serve you all your life. Ask your jeweler to show you this lovely Waltham watch. He knows Waltham values. Write for a valuable booklet that is a liberal " W 'atch" education Sent free upon request. The Waltham Watch Company Crescent Street, Waliham, Mass. WALTHAM THE WORLD'S WATCH OVER TLWE Where you tee this mj they tell Wltkm Watch Makers of the famous Waltham air-friction quality Sfitedjmeiers and AvUjmjbiie Time-pieces used on the uorid's Uadtni can By H. H. Van Loan In the previous article I advised the writer who desires to contribute to the screen to waste no superfluous words, and explained that the main thing to bear in mind is first to estab lish a reason for the story, and then start for the climax. In fact, perhaps the best definition of any story is a premise and a chase. It is better to limit the number of characters to as few as possible. Too many principals confuse the audience and tend to complicate matters and involve the plot. This results in the audience mixing labor with its, amusement. Those who go to the picture theater are seeking relaxation from personal or business cares, and they want to be amused and interested without any great mental effort. Too many lead ing characters confuse the audience because it is difficult to place them, and. even though a program is fur nished, it is of little use in a dark ened house. There should be few characters in the cast. Keep your cast down, and, when you keep your cast down you are keeping the cost of production down. Actors salaries are a very big item in the making of a picture. Devote considerable thought to the title of the story. Don't accept the first title that comes to you. It won't be the bast tiUe for your story. Spend as much time In the selection of your title as you spend on the story itself. Of course, many times the producer changes titles, but. when you send your story to him you have every reason for believing he will retain the original title, and, if it is really good. he probably will use it. Often we find, upon completion of a story, that the working out of the plot has pro vided us with a better title than we had in the beginning. Tertians' this wouldn t occur to you, but think it over, before and after, and see if your title is a good one. Make certain that your title delivers the message. The title should attract attention, arouse interest and create Cesire. If it does this it is a drawing power for the box office. In addition to this, be sure to keep the length of your title short. Use as few words as possible. Remember the average space reserved for the incandescents announcing the cur rent production, in front of the thea ter, will not accommodate more than a dozen letters. It peeves th ex hibitor to have a long title, with four or five words, and he has to fret and fume as he ponders how to display the name of the production without eliminating some words. When he is compelled to reduce the number of words in the title it affects the neat ness of the front of the theater. But. more important than all else, it reg isters a noticeable falling off of re ceipts. The writer of photoplays must real ize that the title is just as important as the story itself. Many stories have been sold to producers because the titles had a "punch" in them. The title is the first thing the producer reads, and. if it is a good, snappy one. it doesn't reouire much effort to make" him read the script. A good title will always arouse curiosity. On the other hand, if the title is not a good one the interest of the producer fails to be stirred, and he decides that such a mediocre name will prob ably be followed by an even more mediocre story, and he will not even take the time to read it. However, the Judgment of the ex perienced screen writer and the pro ducer are not always correct In the choosing of titles. Kvery season there are many good photoplays, with fine plots, portrayed by excellent actors, which fail to reap financial harvests predicted for them, because of poor titles. At the present time there is a very fine picture which has fallen far blow the returns estimated by its producer because the picture did not have the power, in Its title, to attract the people into the theater. The title was not good. The title must have a pulling power, and it is a fact that a good story with a poor title will deny the producer thousands of dollars which he is rightfully entitled to on the merits ot his production. It is also true that an excellent title will very often put a poor picture over. Why Because the public likes the title and is attracted to the thea ter because it believes that particular title offers something promising. It may not be satisfied with the story, but the exhibitor has benefitted fi nancially and made money. One often hears it said: "The title made that picture." This Is very often true. Be sure and give your story the very best title it i3 possible for you to give it. It may be the means of your selling the story, and. the selling of your story may be the means of breaking the ice for you and starting you on the road to success. Concen trate on the title. I cannot impress this too forcibly on the aspirant. Trusting that I have impressed upon the reader the necessity of good titles. I will tomorrow take you along with me to the next step, which will be the construction of the pho toplay. (To be continued) SEEN IN IDE-VIEW 15 REWJASTERPIECE It seems a pity that after witness ing the screening of "The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse" at the preview at the Rialto yesterday, we are compelled to be limited in refer ring to fhe masterwork by the gen erally collective term of "motion picture." It was a critical audience who were the invited guests of the management of the Rialto for a special screening of this super-feature which the the ater is announcing for an engagement to start Saturday. And it was a representative audi ence, too, composed of members of the staff of state officials, members of the ministerial association, prom inent professional men of the city, and representatives of the press. We would not venture to say what opinion of the production each guest had formed before the picture started, but we will venture the opinion tlmt there was not one present, who, be fore the film had been on the screen twenty minutes, had not come to the conclusion that he had not formed his opinion half high enough: he was confronted with the realization that in this production he was indeed watching no mere motion picture. And hence the pity that a produc tion as wonderful, as inspiring and as comprehensive as this Rex Ingram masterpiece should, through the limit of the language, be consigned to the term "motion picture." And that's exactly how the screen ing struck us. We lost all sense of time we were wafted along under the. influence of an inspiring spec tacle through a narrative, the like of which has never before reached the silent screen. If one has ready the .iovel, the witnessing of the picture will prove a revelation in the science of correct screen adaptation. There is no point of the renowned Ibanez story that has been overlooked by June Malhis, the scenarist responsible for the script. And be it said to his ever lasting credit that Rex Ingram has in no Instance overstepped the bounds of reason to obtain effects he keeps within the confines In every Instance of the description as the noted author wrote it. Thanks to the flawless work of June Mathis he was fur nished a scenario that permitted straightforward visualization of his story there is no wandering away from the central idea it is a perfect ly built, perfectly balanced cinema triumph that will create the most profound Impression on everyone v&o sees it be he reader of the novel or not be he lover of motion pictures or not it is a spectacle one will never forget the greatest evidence of advancement in the science of the cinma that has yet come to our at tention. It is the standard by which all future motion pictures will be judged. debates lterary SOCIETY Birthd ay Cakes and "Goodies" for the Children's Party The Alhambra Literary society had a very lively debate Friday evening on the subject: Resolved that mov ing pictures are more beneficial than harmful to society." Smith Beck, R- E. Is. Sheppard spoke on the af firmative and Mr. Metcalf and Mr. Adkins on the negative. The decision was given to the negative. Beside the debate Miss Edwards of Phoenix gave vocal and piano numbers wfcieh aided greatly to the program, as did the songs by the seventh and eighth grades. At the next meeting' of the society new officers will ba e)pcttl and it is planned to put children in all the offices and let the elders step out, since it is well started. A meeting of the Alhambra Neigh borhood club was held Wednesday at the home of Mrs. E. E. Jack. The siibject was "Southern Authors," andl the program was in charge of Mrs. R. S. Kreiger. Plans for the com munity Christmas tree which the club provides every year were pre sented and discussed. Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Cage will move hack to their old home on Avenue J Dec. 13. Sunday school will be held at 2:30 p. m. Sunday at the school audi torium. Everybody who doesn't at tend elsewl -e is cordially invited to attend. Workers are needed. Prayer meeting is Wednesday evening. DONOFRIO'S Baked Goods Certainly Are delicious What finer desserts could anyT one wish for than Donofrio's Donofrio's a stopping place on your next shopping trip. Lunch here, then take home some of our incomparable French and Danish pastry, a chocolate cake, some fresh cookies any of the innumerable dainties for which Donofrio chefs and bakers are famous. The luncheon charge at noon is forty cents. A bweets Shop where the quality is just a little bit better GIFTS THAT LAST cago a second reh-y of prominent speakers accompanied by Mr. Pratt as far as Duluth, stopping enroute at Milwaukee, Minneapolis and St. Paul. Another relay of speakers took up the trip from Duluth to Seattle where a flying squadron of 'Pacific coast business men joined Mr. Pratt and accompanied him to San Francisco. From Los Ange es other groups will form relays to Texas Florida, and the trip up the Atlantic seaboard from Jacksonville. Among the citizens of national prominence who are assisting in the six weeks speaking campaign to preoare the public to support th nation s next budget, which will be ready late this month, are: Dr. Xich. o'.as Murray Butler: Benjamin Stove, the prominent New York banker: Gov. Henry J. Allen of Kansas: Paul M. Warburg: rL C. Leftingwell, for mer assistant secretary of the treas ury; Chester H. Rowell: Alton B. Parker; Dr Samel McC'une Lind say and others. Chief Justice Wil liam Howard Tatt is one of the di rectors ot Ihe budget- TO OPPOSE IE 111 EXPRESS RATES AT THE HEARING TODSY Opposing the 26 per cent increase in rates applied for by the American Express company, various interests will make appearances today at the hearing to be conducted by Ex aminer Pattison of the interstate com merce commission, in the senate chamber at the state house. The express company, on refusal of the corporation commission to grant an Increase of rates within the state, annealed to the I. C. C. which Will take tesUmony in the case today. For the past six weeks Amos A. Betts of the corporation commission has been gathering data from every station in which the express company operates within the state to be used in the state's case oh Thursday. Since notification was received of the date of the hearing both the com mission and the attorney general's office have been preparing to meet the issue and have the added support of the traffic department of the chamber of commerce, and the var ious shippers among others the pro duce men. merchants, creamery and packing interests and others. The express company first filed ap plication with the state commission to increase rates in July, 1920, to be effective August, 1920. In the 13 months since the date the company asked that the order go into effect the refusal of the commission has resulted in saving of approximately $200,000. Mr. Betts said yesterday. Mr. Betts said that the increase sought by the coinpany.was unjust in vi-w of the fact that the zone in which Arizona is included is paying a higher rate under the present rate than zones on either side which have been granted increases. The case to be heard at 10 o'clock this morning is considered of tho utmost importance involving as it does the state's right to regulate rates within the state. HOLDING HIS REPUTATION "What has become of the old fashioned bad man who usod to shoot out the ligiits in saloons?" "He's gone where the woodbine twineth, and for the sake of his repu tation as a marksman 'tis better so. Two drinks of the stuff sold nowa days by bootleggers would spoil his r.im." Birginham Age-Herald. &ae 7JUlkn infants and invalids V ASK FOR ilor lick's the Original void Imitations and Substitutes rain extract in Powder The Original Food -Drink For AH Asei I No Cooking Nourishing DiyrtiHi No oilier phonograph csisi do A TFT X. M Mi. mi AJZ C 1 hi s. 4 l I : ? St. f" i'. : ft. v . i'.,.,. Mi 7.:t t'. pi r No other phonograph even dares the test which the New Edison underwent last Monday, before a large audience at the High School auditorium. That fact is something for you to think about. The test of comparison with living artists is the only phonograph test which means anything. It is he only way in which a phonograph can irre futably prove its realism. It is the most drastic of all phonograph tests. To sustain it, requires absolutely per fect realism, nothing less. Last Monday, the New Edison stood by Helen Clark's side in the High School auditorium. If you were there, you heard the living voice and the Re created voice brought into direct com parison. You know that there was no difference between the two voices. A similar test was made by, Joseph Phillips with Re-Creations of his bari tone selections. Again the same aston ishing result there was no difference between Recreated voice and living voice. . By this wonderful performance, the New Edison has placed itself apart from all other phonographs and talking machines. It alone has sustained this drastic test. It alone has proved con cretely and. conclusively, that it gives you the living performances of great artists. MIC NEW EDISON 4 'The Phonograph With A Soul" An Official Laboratory Model you buy in our store will positively sustain the test made at the High School auditor ium. We will give you our guarantee to that effect. ' Come in and hear this instrument in some further tests of its realism. Learn that you can have an Official Labor atory Model of your own on a very small cash outlay. We will make a gentleman's agreement with any music lover N ewiao dM OSIC Company EXCLUSIVE EDISON DEALER 109 West Washin-ton St Phone 763