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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, PHOENIX, THURSDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 8, 1921.
PAGE SEVEN Look Forward Not Backward stock of things throughout education week. Preparation means oreater future. By Charles Willard Co Many of us In contemplating our immediate problems, overlook the lrom:ses of the future. A slack time j always one of fear, never of confk oence, and no great policies should be adapted in such an atmosphere. Now is the time in not only na tional but personal affairs for vision. .ivc use for the men who can ax this nation in its relation with "rr nations next year and next "jEenetaiion, and for men In business can think in terms of 1922, mi !:, as the power companies of United States are now doing. That Is what big educational busi rss can do literally hold its breath vrder w atcr. The county of Maricopa little real ises how far it has advanced within Z9 years. In those two decades the t-roduotive capacity of this valley has f r outstripped in wealth making j-owcr the growth of population. It nould be the occasion of no little pride that Maricopa county once a , desert has attained eighth place of all cvmnties within the United States In value of i!s productions. And, this is only a beginning. The vast im-T-eriai spaces of Arizona's dormant deserts cf unsurpassed fertility only requires water to supply the nation with cotton, citrus, fruits, dates and vineyards equal to those of Palestine rt old. having a climate wherein they thrive better than elsewhere. Let us rot for one moment forget the debt ef gratitude we of this community we to the few far-seeing, hardy, noble rioneers whose public spirit as evidenced on North Central avenue nd at lngleside have demonstrated aid created a veritable Eden from fie forbidding desert. The Need of Agricultural Education Th future of American business nd prosperity depends upon produc tion and upon conservation while conservation, too often means the de velopment of a policy of enlightened .lfishness through which fluctua tions in prices, duo to excess supply and waste at one period and short ages at another, may be equalized by proper storage and distribution. In order to bring about co-operation and to establish just and proper methods business legislation within the next five years should tend to trd the development of such co rporation as to protect the producer and consumer alike and at the same time prevent one set of producers from taking advantage of producers ia other lines. But, first of all the home builder upon the desert, tne farmer, producer needs a liberal edu cation and practical training such as the University of Arizona affords. No close fisted, grudging policy will lo. Let the legislature support it vcially th horticultural poultry "av'id dairy schools to the most liberal extent possible extending the good Ta-ork of demonstration and lectures to every community. Let Arizona become a second to no state in the intelligence cf its producers and tome builders. The Joys of Country Life Life in the open country, under the clear sky. in the midst of green fields, has never failed to excite the praise and move the fancy of the world. Hood roads and the automobile add very materially to the comfort of modern country life. 'With the ex ception of the gasoline engine, there industry, perhaps, does not hum, but r evrtheless is full and abundant; l.Ye Is peaceful, but of a measureless janc'o; acd the silent forces of nature atir only mart's best impulses. What more ideal life than a small country ranch home surrounded by every lux ury, as is possible within 28 minutes cf rhocnix, Arizona? Such a life re quires no rraise or appreciation. Nor shall we here attempt any praise or defense of farm life, nor cf the men who live it. With out- door conditions have ever gone a type of manhood that was clean in its morals, sturdy in its courage, use ful in its industry and loyal in Its patriotism. Country life has given to America its ideals, and our insti tutions are peculiarly its product. Its freedom, independence and repose are everywhere expressed in our na tion's aim and purpose. We must en courage home building and we must f.ister our country life that we may supply the influences which will keep cur nation ever vigorous and young. Out. mindful of these conditions. -we are mindful too that this life has i:s weaknesses as well as strength nd our purpose today should be not t rhapsodize or appreciate only its better eide, but to study its condi tions as they are, to endeavor to de termine its value, and to indicate if we can, how its condition, good as it 1. can be made better, and how its vsefulness. great as It is, may be en lirged. On its weaker side, isolated farm life lacks social advantages and durational opportunities. The life is too often solitary, and the range of its activities narrow and circum scribed. Too much of its labor is mere drudgery, and unlike mining lacks the alluring purport of easy profits or large wealth; its earnings are too often small, its work hard, its hours of labor long and monoton ous lacking stimulation and enthusi asm. Many elements of the home life are meager, the farm women lack com panionship, their work is a hard rou tine and uninteresting. A combina tion of influences tends toward a general atmosphere of repression. Over wide areas these conditions hap pily do not prevail and everywhere they are becoming outgrown. When we were going through that phase of our country life in which these conditions were most prevalent, our cities began to grow, and our youth in a steady stream left the, to them, unattractive .farms for the pleasures and opportunities, of the apparently larger life. Under the in fluence of these conditions further degenerated farm life languished and cities grew apace. There is a pathos in the deserted farm or where you find the aged parents alone awaiting the final summons. This disproportion, this condition of social and industrial unbalance ex cited first interest and then alarm. Our people began to study the con sequences to the individual and state of rural decay, and we began to see country life with a better under standing . and consequently with a new appreciation. We began to see that the country produced a different although not necessarily a better way than the cities. The full industry of the coun try, its beauty and its sweetness, its dignity and its peace were reflected in the character and personality of the man who grew up there and gave him a depth- and sincerity which make him big and effective. We saw the country free from these temptations which beset the path of the city youth and that a simple honesty was characteristic of it. The industries were moral and creative, its wealth was clearly realized from the very elements by the application of honest toil. With renewed force we saw Its products feed the industries of the cities and created the commerce of the nation. With continuod growth of our cities our social problems began to develop. Crime increased and within the large overcrowded tene ment districts large numbers of the helpless began to appear. The ques tion what to do with a great mass of dependent children began to press for solution and divorces have so multi plied it has become a national scan dal, and we have observed that these conditions did not arise in rural com munities, that its wholesome indus trial conditions forbade them, that thev are almost the sole product of the cities, and that the country's only part in their existence was to pay the price of their correction and support Manifestly the thing to do is to cease comparing city and country life but to go about it to so influence the forces back of each that the youth of both shall hear the right call and their progression be directed toward the high places in life. We must carefully study the way in which our teachine can be made most userui that it may not waste its powers and our opportunities in fruitless ana in effective activities. It. is gratifying to note the sub stantial, school buildings in Phoenix, and the country schools which would do credit to any city unsurpassed in any state. This will help the coun try in the only substantial ana per manent way it can be neipea ana start it. on the road to endless de velonment. Agricultural education will not only refine and cultivate the country man it will stimulate and energize his mind. Trained to know his soil, his seed and his animals, he will use only the best and these to best advantage, He will farm more upon fewer acres His labor to what is now regarded as the humblest detail will become intensive; farms will be sub-divided and production doubled. Upon these conditions the farm n-eetines and farm organizations will follow naturally and be made to their fullest measure, social betterment end business advantage. We should, therefore, urge upon every moral re former, udo nevery humanitarian, upon every statesman and political idealist that they demand and advise liberal support to special vocational training for the city youth and to give the country lad an agricultural education. Knowing the value of a strong In tellieent rural population, of its ne cessitv as a service of happiness, of wealth and strength, blind to conse quences. v e have been training our city man for all his activities and un it recently the country man for none f his. We have been teaching men to practice law, to conduct banks, to ay bricks, but we have hitherto asked the country man to grope amid na ture s mysteries without a ray of i light. If our cities grew great under this treatment while the country fell backward, let us not be blind to the cause nor hesitate at Its correction in griculttiral education. Looking into the future and see ing country life as it will develop un der training, I see a field into which science has gathered all that is good and banished most that is ill. I see farm houses filled with fruits of wealth and culture and moral pur pose, set amid the dignity and sweet ness of nature, the kind of homes which shelter strong clean and effec- ive men. and which matures a youth fit for all the trials of life, equipped for effective indifstry and the kind of citizenship which this great democ racy demands. EDISON TONE-TEST I, I BOOKS! M Origin and Growth Of The Present Day High School MB DELIGHTED Bl RECEPTION HERE "It Is an inspiration to an artist to have such an audience as that which greeted us Monday evening. The wish of Mr. Phillips and Mr. George as well as myself is that our audience was as well-pleased as we were." In these words. Miss Helen Clark, contralto, of the Edison Laboratories, expressed her enthusiasm over the appreciation shown by Phoenicians of the marvelous art of voice re-crea tion. Miss Clark, Joseph Phillips and Thomas George gave music lovers of Phoenix a real treat and incidentally brought home to those who have fol lowed the efforts of Thomas Edison in his life work to produce a true hu man voice by mechanical means the realization that the great scientist has nearly reached his goal. Our audience showed that fine re sponsiveness that delights the heart of the artist," declared jfiss Clark. We were accorded a reception that we will not forget soon and Phoenix occupies a warm place in our hearts. think Mr. Newland is entitled to great credit for the excellent ar rangements he made for the tone- test and the splendid manner in which he handled the details. We have falleq in love with your state and your city, and in the short time that we have been here have made many friends. I trust that we shall have the opportunity of returning to Phoe nix in the near future." Mr. George and Mr. Phillips were equally warm in their praise of their reception in this city. Both spoke of the response accorded their efforts Mr. Phillips was a visitor to Phoenix several years ago and repeatedly ex pressed his surprise at the growth of the community. The outstanding feature of the West that appealed to Mr. George is the fact that the trains upon which he has traveled have not been held up even once. That he has been disillusioned concerning the West holds first place in his mind. 'I shall tell them Just how far ahead of the trend of the times you Western people are, he declared. I believe you appreciate music far more deeply than the people of the East. "One reason, I suppose. Is that you live more in the open out here and have the great outdoors as an inspiration. There seems to be, liter ally, 'music in the air" out here." The three artists started their tour in Calgary, Canada, and have been on the road 14 weeks. From Calgary they traveled west, reaching the Pa cific coast and singing in cities in Washington, Oregon and California. They left Phoenix Tuesday night for Winslow where they held a concert last night, and will go from there to Prescott, where a performance will be given this evening. From Pres cott they will go directly to New York via the Santa Fe and Pennsylvania lines. . o . By D. F. Jantzen, Principal P. U. H.S.j In an article in the morning paper i on Monday the Rev. G. D. Yoakum called attention to the fact that so many people were ignorant of our educational system. And, after all, the biggest business that any parent could have is the education of boys and girls. Will the reader bear with me, therefore, if I give a brief resume of the origin of the high school? It is just exactly 100 years since the first high school was organized in Boston, Mass. There had been in stitutions of secondary education be- I tore that time in Europe. Those in stitutions were the Latin grammar schools and the academies. In our own country we had the private acad emies that dated back from the year 1751 with Franklin's academy in Philadelphia. These academies met the needs of the wealthy people. They were institutions privately en dowed, and were, therefore, charging tuition to meet expenses. The rich were getting the benefit of the work offered In these academies and the poor had to do without academic Instruction. Massachusetts, always In the lead in educational matters, was the first one, therefore, to establish a free public high school in 1821. With the academy firmly entrenched, however. it was a very slow process of estab lishing high school in other places. In those early days people objected to taxation for educational purposes, and there were but few high schools established until after 1S50. By au thority of Dr. E. P. Cubberley, quoted in my previous article, there were in the United States in the year lSuO, 6085 private academies. These, to gether with the question of taxation for public schools, were antagonistic to the establishment of a free public high school, but in spite of this op position the largest cities provided for them, and in 1872 the question of taxation for public high schools was. once and for all, settled In the courts of Michigan, in the famous Kalama zoo case. The court ruled that the people had a right to decide that they could be taxed tor secondary educa tion and higher education, as well as for elementary education. Since 1850, therefore, the number of high schools in the United States has increased rapidly, and statistics show that in 1916 there were 12,000 high schools in the United States. That number has been largely augmented in the past five years. The free public high school is a distinctly American insti tution. Originally the academy, and then its successor, the public high school. was intended to furnish education be yond the grades in the classical languages of Latin and Greek, and in geography, in mathematics and - in English grammar. A three-year course was all that was at first ad vocated by the educators. When science forged to the front In the middle of the nineteenth century, it became a part of the curriculum in the high school, then history shortly after found its place in a high school program. Not until early the twen tieth century did educators realize that there were other and more prac tical things that should be taught boys and girls who were attending high school. Now an up-to-date high school offers In Its curriculum of four years' study all the branches that pre pare for college'entrance, and, in ad dition, the choice of pre-vocational, commercial and agricultural studies. We are Just discovering that there is another step to be taken, and that is to add two years more to a four years of high school, in order to pre pare the boys and girls lor the pro fessional studies of the university or for their life work. This demand is gradually being filled by the organi zation of Junior colleges. It is not ours to boast of the Phoe nix union high school as an institu tion of secondary education in this fair Salt River valley that ranks favorably with the best high schools of the state of California. At a meet ing of the State Teachers' associa tion in our city, but a week ago. Will C. Wood, commissioner of education lor the state of California, in an ad dress outlined his Ideals of a good high school curriculum. Upon ex amination of our own courses of study we found that we met, in near ly every respect, the ideal-plan given by Mr. W ood. We have also added to our four years of high school two ad ditional years of Junior college work. We are offering as electlves in our high school, industrial, agricultural, commercial and home economics courses. That the people of Phoenix and vi cinity may in full understand the equipment, the buildings and the fac ulty of their high school, the board of education invites parents of school children, tax payers and others in terested In the educational affairs of our city to set aside next Thursday afternoon for a visit to the high school. Beginning at 5:30 that after noon, the people of Phoenix are in vited to take dinner at the cafeteria of the high school, in cafeteria style. as the students are served to their lunches every day, in order that they may see the kind of food, the cost of food, a:tl the manner of service that their bSys and girls r:eive. The charges for the dinner t.ill be reg ular cafeteria prices. The people who finish their dinner will tlwn be con ducted through the various buildings of the high school that they may see what a recent bond issue has pro duced in the form of a liberal arts building and an industrial arts build ing and- their full equipment. Then at 7:30 we hope to entertain the peo ple in the auditorium with a short program. Such a visit to the high school should give our citizens a fair knowledge of our facilities. To offer them more, however, we invite par ents of high school students to visit classes on Friday. Dec. 9. IPfl Suggestions . from Our Is Gift Shop 1 8 I HI II Ml fl "PInrorl Tiern jrn inct fovr ff trip 8 Pictured here are just a few of the many appropriate gifts with which our Gift Shop abounds. You are cordially invited to visit our Gift Shop whether you are ready to purchase something or not. Fibre Furniture We have just placed on our display floor a new and complete shipment of Fibre furniture both in Cretonne and tapestry upholstery. They are priced correctly and the values are extremely pleasing, M OA TO QAKft Novelties in Mahogany V&Z -ft from ; ft A new and complete assortment now ready for your approval. All the new novelties such as end tables, gate leg tables, pedestals, day beds, etc. Now oh display in our store Rosa Bonheur's famous painting "Old Darby. 116-120 West Adams St. TS SAVINGS S 1 IS What Can ,Keep You In The Memory As Long As A Book? And what is more appropriate to present to a friend at Christmas time than some favorite author in a nice binding. We believe, that this year we are showing the largest stock of books that has ever been shown in the state. You will find almost any sort of book that you may desire to present, whether it be for adults or children. T Our Children's book department this year is especially comprehensive. It includes sets of books by standard authors, down to the ABC books for the little ones. Prepare to take plenty of time when you come to either of our stores to shop. Our store at Cen tral and Adams is open every night except Sunday until 9 :00 o'clock p. m. rryhillCompany Washington and First Street The Christmas Store Central and Adams I TheBe Opportunities offered for investing savings in thrift and war savings stamps is one of the features of "American Kilucation week'' Which which Klsie Toles, state superinten dent of public instruction, is advanc ing. Miss Toles suggests the desirability of tjjese very safe and profitable little securities as particularly sensible Christmas gifts. She has advised superintendents and teachers to present the advan tages to the pupils of the school of buying enough of these stamps to complete the cards and folders only partially fillpd with the series of 1921 stamps, which will be discontinued at the end of the year. Miss Toles yesterday received noti fication from Theodore Hardee, di rector for the twelfth federal reserve district, that the treasury and post office department are now arranging a closely co-ordinated working plan for 1922 looking toward the propaga tion of thrift practice by the public through small deposits in postal sav ings banks and eventual investment of these funds in treasury savings certificates of and $100 denomina tions, when sufficient deposits have accumulated for such purchases. "I have just returned from a con ference in Washington at which the details of this plan were discussed," Mr. Hardee stated in his letter to Miss Teles. 'Some radical changes from the present procedure were de cided upon, formal announcement of which will be made in the near future bv the Washington authorities. I will then acquaint you fully as to the oasis oi next year s operations, witn a view of securing your much es teemed co-operation among the schools." o Texas Oil Geologist Escapes Mex Bandits Republican A. P. Leased Wire WASHINGTON, Dec. 7. R. C. Ad kins, geologis for the Texas Oil com pany, reported to have been captured by bandits in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico, has escaped and is safe in Parral, Mexico, Representative Lan- ham of Texas, was informed yester day by the state department. 1R fir imm Sun Wind Dust Cinders i pXOKWEH0E0iS0LD BV DRUGGISTS tOPTICIAHS ikxit For f ree eve Book. MuaiHE ca citiuca f-- - -r:'- J '-': i :-sT? . a vj is4 -Vr , f -1 - 4.1 rV -rr- 11- 'S'lfV.lv:.!---.' .... ' ..j f S 1 1 t .Tf-o ck. rule Wit ........... . . . - .4 i 1 Big Sales ! Small Pro fits ! "THAT IS OUR POLICY" Now our For several years we have been able to purchase such staples as flour, potatoes, sugar, etc. volume is large enough to permit our buying Send a box East, Arizona Grapefruit or Oranges, make a very fine gift for that friend. Quarter boxes, Seedless Grapefruit $1.50 Half boxes, Seedless Grapefruit $2.00 Whole boxes, Seedless Grapefruit $3.50 Assorted half boxes Oranges and Grapefruit $2.50 Solid Carload of Crackers Bulk Soda Crackers, box lots, lb .14c Ya Size Box Soda Crackers 75c Oyster Crackers, box lots, lb 14c All 15c packages, per dozen $1.50 Milk Lunch Biscuit, box lots, per lb .19c Assorted whole boxes Oranges and Grapefruit $5.00 No worry for you, we do the shipping. Samples on display. Arizona Grocery Company WHOLESALE AND RETAIL FREE DELIVERY PHONES: 19544455413: