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Arizona republican. (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1890-1930, December 09, 1921, Section Two, Image 9

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84020558/1921-12-09/ed-1/seq-9/

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WEATHER FORECAST
ARIZONA: Friday and Satur
day fair, slightly warmer, north
central portion Friday-
THE A
COTTON FUTURES -
NEW YORK, Dec 8. Cotton
futures closed very steady; De
cember, 17.83c; January, 17.67c;
March, 17.68c; May, 17.46c; July,
17.00c
COLORADO: Friday and Sat
crday falr. warmer east portion
AN INDEPENDENT PROGRESSIVE JOURNAL
jL
THIRTY-SECOND YEAR
(Section Two)
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 9, 1921.
(Section Two)
VOL. XXXII, NO. 226
R
Interesting Facts About The
Foreign Language Department In
The Phoenix Union High School
BY IDA McDANIEL
Courses in the foreign language
department of the Phoenix Lnion
Jiigh school are now oftered in Latin,
Spanish and rench. Each day there
re 15 recitations in Latin, 29 in
Spanish and French. Through the
energies of its pupiis in producing
Plays, the department possesses a
Victrola and a large collection of the
best records of music appropriate to
each branch of the department.
There are also foreign language
conversation records, and there w,il
be additions thereto from time to
time. The department is indebted to
several interested individuals .who
have donated some of its best rec
ords. The department has also a
valuable group of pictures, copies of
master-pieces, obtained by the same
means, but the frames of many of
them were made by the manual
training department of the school.
The aim of instruction in each
branch of the department is to be
of best service to the student in dis
ciplinary,, cultural and utilitarian
value, as well as to contribute to
ward better international relation
ships. Latin in the High School
Not merely is the study of Latin
limited to that of a prescribed text.
Its relation is shown to English lite
rature, the romance languages, deco
rative designs in modern architect
ure and commercial art in general. Its
wide use in science terminology, the
need of it in the professions, and its
use in nomenclature of countless
modern commercial articles. This
phase of Latin is emphasized most in
the advance classes. They frequent
ly leave a scrap-book which has been
worked out by departments with a
regular editorial staff.
The upper classes have continued
for years the activities of one of the
first Latin clubs in the country. This
club is modeled on the Senatus Popu
lueque Romanus and takes its name
from the ancient emblem S. P. Q. R.
Its officers are named from those of
the senatorial group of ancient Rome.
The purpose of the S. P. Q. R.- is to
add systematically, profitably, and
pleasantly to their knowledge of the
culture, literature and civilization of
the Romans and to connect those
Tfacts with their modern applications.
The grade of work done by stu
dents in this department has been
such that no record, thus far, of the
failure of a student taking the east
ern college entrance examination has
been reported. The course of study
conforms to the requirements of the
North Central association but also
furnishes opportunity to students
jiho expect to take the above men
Q ned examinations to meet their re
quirements. Latin, From the Standpoint of Others
Scribners of May, 1921, says: "Lan
guage serves three purposes; to con
DACWJXS
P317EJED,
EXIPEtfSE
luuareuuuwmg s
mnnpu wactintr t"rrVinrr
powder and expensive ma-
icnaia jLLinciuig XYtxy valu
able time if you are not using
. ri r
cuuuicl Dcuung
If you "doubt" it just give Calumet one
trial. The saving it makes will prove that
is the best baking powder in the world
sold at the fairest price costs far less than
high priced Trust brands costs but little
more than cheap brands gives much better re
sults than either. You use only half the amount
usually required it goes almost twice as far.
It never fails, never causes baking loss.
Used in millions of homes by leading hotels,
restaurants and bakeries. A wonderful bak
ing powder for all requirements. Made
in the world's largest, finest, most san
itary flaking rowder factories.
You aTe vrten pUJ ffUL0
you buy it L
WORTH KNOWING
A pound can of Calumet contains full 16.oz.
Some baking powders come in 12 oz. cans
instead of 16 oz. cans. Be sure you get a pound
when you want it.
vey information, to express emotion,
and to clothe thought; and that it is
necessary only to the last of these
three. We can not clothe thought
without words; but we can convey
information by sounds.
To transmit thought we' need all
the resources of the vocabulary it
we wish to be completely understood.
The caveman did not woo his bride
with soft words; he seized her over
his shoulder and bore her away to his
cavern, regardless of her protests in
motion and music But Demosthenes
and Cicero, Daniel Webster and
Abraham Lincoln, when they sought
to persuade and convince, relied upon
the appeal of their words. So lan
guage followed the use of signs,
groans, glances and gestures; but it
did not cause them to fall into dis
use. It was the superior impiement,
no doubt and it served the loftier
occasions of life. But glances and
gesture did not cease to be useful,
and they survived the volution of
language and accompanied and illu
strated talk to intensify it and some
times even to make it clearer. Hence
the invention of an improvement
does not pre-ent the use of the meth
od or material employed before the
new invention had established itself."
For two centuries the Latin lan
guage has been found useful and is
now being studied by half a million
young students in the United States.
Vice President Calvin Coolidge, in
an address entitled "American Edu
cation for America's Future," deliv
ered at the University of Pennsylva
nia, July 7, 1921. said in part. "We
are to continue the guarantee of
progress in the future by continuing
a knowledge of progress in the past.
We are to proclaim our allegiance to
those ideals which have made the
predominant civilization of the earth.
We believe that thought is the mas
ter of things.
Mankind has always had classics
and always will have them. Thought
is only another way of saying that
men have always set up ideals and
always will. Always the question has
been, always the question will be,
what are to be these classics? For
many centuries, in education, the
classics have meant Greek and Latin
literature. It does not need much
argument to demonstrate that in the
western world society can have little
liberal culture which is not based on
these. Without them there could be
no interpretation of language and
literature, no adequate comprehen
sion of history, no understanding of
the foundations of philosophy and
law. In fact, the natural sciences
are so much the product of those
trained in the classics, that, with
out such training the very terminol
ogy cannot be fully understood. No
question can be adequately compre
hended without knowing its historic
al background. Modern civilization
ruwuci.
Ton save materials
it is used with.
Highest Quality
Highest Awards
MADE BY A TRUST
dates from Greece and Rome. The
w rld was not new in their day. They
were the inheritors .of a civilization
which had gone on before, but what
they had inherited they recast, en
larged and intensified and made their
own so that their culture took on a
distinctive fjrui, embracing all that
the past held best In the Roman
wofld of the Caesars That great em
pire fell a prey, first to itself and
then to the barbarians. After this
seeming: catastrophe scholarshins
and culture almost disappeared for
nearly a thousand years, finally to
emerge again in the revival of learn
ing. It is impossible for society to break
with its past. It is the product of
all that has gone before. We could
not cut ourselves off from all influ
ences which existed prior to the
Declaration of Independence and ex
pect any success by undertaking to
ignore all that happened before that
date. The development of society
is a gradual accomplishment. Cul
ture is the product of a continuing
effort. All theories of education
teach us that the mind develops in
the same way, through the various
stages that have marked the ascent
of mankind from the lowest savatrry
to the highest civilization. This
principle is a compelling reason for
the continuance of the classics as the
foundation of our educational system.
It was by use of this method that
we reached our present state ol de
velopment. This does not mean that every per
son must be a classical scholar. It
is not necessary for everyone who
crosses 'the ocean to be an exper
ienced mariner, nor for anyone: who
works on a building to be a learned
architect, but if the foreign shore is
to be reached in safety, if the build
ing is to take on a form of utility
and beauty, it will be because of di
rection and instruction given accord
ing to established principles and
ideals.
The world has recently awakened
to the value and righteousness of de
mocracy. The ideal is not new.
The beginning of modern democracy
were in Athens and Sparta. But
when we turn to Rome we are over
whelmed by its greatness. They gave
to the world the first great example
of order and a tolerable state of lib
erty under law. As we study their
history, there is revealed to us one
of the greatest peoples, under the
guidance of great leaders, exhaust
ing themselves in their efforts that
the civilized world might be unified
and the stage set for the entrance of
Christianity.
What those who advocate the con
tinued study of the classics desire
to bring about is the endurance of
that modern culture which has been
the result of a familiarity with the
classics of these great peoples. We
do not wish to be Greek, we do not
wish to be Roman. We have :
great desire to be. supremely Jtmtri
can. That purpose we know we can
accomplish by continuing the process
which has made us Americans. We
must search out and think the
thoughts of those who established our
institutions. The education which
made them must be divorced rom the
eaiucauon wnicn is to maKe us. . .
It is not enough to teach men science,
the great thing is to teach them
now to use science.
Unless Americans shall continue-to
live in something more than the
present, to be moved by something
more than material gains, they will
. . go down as other peoples have
gone down before some nation pos
sessed of a greater moral force. The
will to endure is not the creation of
a moment, it is the result of long
training. That will has been our
possession tip to the present hour.
By its exercise we have prospered
and brought forth many wonderful
works. The object or our educa
tion ig to continue us in this great
power. That power depends on our
ideals. The great and unfailing source
of that power and these ideals has
been the influence of the classics of
Greece and Rome. Those who be
lieve in America, in her language, her
arts, her literature and in her science,
will seek to perpetuate them by per
petuating the education which has
produced them.
Modern Language
Mr. Colby, late secretary of state.
upon his return from South America,
expressed himself as follows on the
subject of modern language: "The
great barrier to American progress
abroad is language. The people of
the United States are not linguists.
. . . The youth in America should
be schooled In languages. Language
is the key which not only opens the
riches and stores of great literatures,
but opens the doors of influential
human contacts with great peoples."
An inquiry of hundreds of Ameri
can soldiers who have returned from
Europe brought out the fact that
those who understood no French at
all were displeased with France, but
those somewhat familiar With the
ft) -Vbk tw
HERE'S AMERICANIZATION! Joe Subotich. of Portland,. Oregon,
ami Mrs. Joe came to America from Serbia several years ago. Now that
their six children are proving up and in school the parents are going to
school, too, to keep up with them. "We love Amerii-a." says Joe. "America
I has been j.ood to us and we're trying
fib
7
-.rc FATHcR, LIKE THE WHOLE FAMILY!- A new picture of Giovanni Martinelli, Caruso's successor
in the Metropolitan Opera, with his wife and their' two c hildren, Bettna and Antonio. If you will notice, Bettina
and Antonio have their voices lifted up in song. Chip s off the old block, as it were. The four of them often
sing together at home.
French language learned to converse
with the people and to read their
periodicals. The latter were almost,
without exception, fond of the French
and found much to admire in their
civilization and culture.
From a debtor nation in 1914 we
are now a creditor nation. We can
no longer stand apart from the rest
of the world. We now possess a mer
chant marine. We can no longer
negotiate in our own ports alone
where foreign merchants used to
come to us, bringing their interpre
ters with them. We must now meet
the foreigner in his own language at
his own doors. In fact we have sud
denly become a leader in the eco
nomic affairs of the world. Modern
language study must receive more
attention now than ever, due to these
new utilitarian needs of our country.
In England and France and in our
own America as well, the depart
ments of education belive in the con
tinuance of the study of the German
language as a matter of national de
fense from an intellectual, commer
cial and.even military standpoint, for
if we are to get on well or to set
tle disputes with our neighbors or
those with whom we carry on any
kind of intercourse, we must be able
at least to read and write their lan
guage. It is sometimes objected that for
eign language pupils do not learn to
speak a language that they are
studying in high school. A class in
any language in high school meets
five days per week for forty-five
minutes. No class in this subject
should have more than twenty pu
pils, but crowded conditions fre
quently necessitate a larger number
in a class. Take the ideal maximum
number of twenty and with no loss
of time for hesitation on account of
the slow pupil, who like the poor,
are always with us, that elves each
one an opportunity of two minutes
per day to practice speaking, reading
or translating a language. Multiply
that two minutes by the number of
days in a school year and you get
a result of six hours per year of
actual practice, not counting out the
holidays. Of course faiency in
speaking a language cannot come
from such a situation but the results
acquired in ability to translate from
one language to th otner, in Insight
into national traits through the me
dium of translation and collateral
reading, to say nothing about some
small conversational acquirements,
are often much greater than is esti
mated by the general public.
Prof. Henri David, of the French
department of the University of Chi
cago, was asked once how to answer
people who believe they can be
taught to speak a language in the
oft-advertised short courses of six
weeks or even six months. He re
plied that it can not be done. '"No
student even pursuing a regular
school course at the rate of six hours
per week can epeak a language in
less than three years, and then not
fluently, but oh, how it will give him
the advantage over the one who
has not studied it when traveling in
the country of that language," tsaid
he.
French in the High School
A three-year course is now offered
In French in the Phoenix t'nlon high
to oleserve it."
ffyh If . f Y
r
school. For the most part the French !
language is used in the class room.
This procedure is necessarily limited.
The leading aim is to give the pupil
a dependable pronunciation, a trans
lating fluency and as much conver
sational fluency, as the two-minute-
per-day practice will permit him to
acquire.
Much practice aside from class
room drill comes through the French
club for those pupils who care to as
sume duties along that line. They
make use of the victrola to study
France's music and her composers.
They write and present papers on her
artists, copies of whose pictures the
club has bought with the money they
have earneiW Before Thanksgiving
this club paryok of a papier mache
dinner, all the menue and conversa
tion being in French. The pupils
play games in French, using cards
based on texts translated, or a sys
tematic question-and-answer list,
guessing games, and any original
method that some ingenious student
may devise.
Spanish
The Spanish department aims to
give to the student a solid foundation
of grammar and as much conversa
tional work as can be carried on in a
large class that recites but 45 min
utes a day.
It has been discovered that as much
language work can be accomplished
in four days as In five if a different
kind of recitation is held once a
week. Therefore, some of the Span
ish teachers are conducting programs
once a week and oftentimes the class
la organized Into a club for this pur
pose. Sometimes the programs con
sist of poems, songs, playlets, dia
logues, stories, or newspaper articles
given in Spanish. Other times they
are made up of oral reports on the
various Spanish speaking countries.
This phase arose from the fact that
many of the students are taking the
subject for commercial use. They
thus learn that in each country of
South America may be found as
many different characteristics in the
people as there are different kinds of
climate and that not only must the
language of the people be learned if
they are to deal with them success
fully, but also their customs. ,
The Spanish department then with
the aid of the library Is trying to do
its small, share in the establishment
of better relations between the two
Americas and in this way Is making
a forward step toward the interna
tional point of view that is being
discussed so much at present.
Everything possible is being done
In the short two-year course in
Spanish that the majority of stu
dents .are tafting but the patrons of
the school should ever bear in mind
f
. -
Is N
.the
We have converted our large and spaciCus basement into a veritable Toyland where
we have for the kiddies every kind of toy and plaything Every manner of tricycles,
wagons, kiddy cars, automobiles-in fact everything on wheels besides toys of every de
scription and '
THE GREATEST DOLL FAMILY W PHOENIX
showing exclusively the genuine Hendren crying doll baby in every size from the small
est to full size baby. Come and hear them call "Mamma."
sr.
I .
that there is being laid merely I
foundation upon which a solid struc'
ture may or may not be built in the
future.
Some topics that have proven to
be of interest so far this year are:
Economic Situation in Colombia
and Ecuador; Education In Colombia,
Ecuador and Peru; Hog Industry in
Northern South America; Flags of
the- Countries and Significance of
Each: Chief Cities of the Different
Countries; Characteristics, of the In
habitants of the different localities.
Natural Resources of Colombia,
Ecuador and Peru.
War between Peru and Chile; re
sults to both countries.
What would happen to South
America if the Indian should dis
appear.
The Indians' need of education and
discipline.
The highest railroad In the world.
Facta concerning Cerro do Pasco
mines.
Lima with Its mediaeval appear
ance.
EVA S. EDWARDS.
COCHISE COUNTY HAS
Cochise county, with over a mil
lion dollars in its vault. Is "broke
and cannot pay a bill of J 300 which
It owes for meals for Jurors, accord
ing to word received yesterday by
the state tax commission.
In order to determine what remedy
can be applied for taking care of
certain of its exhausted funds, mem
bers of the board of supervisors will
arrive in Phoenix this morning for a
conference with the tax commission.
Under the new budget law no bills
can be paid out of fund which has
been depleted, even though there is
plenty of money in the county
treasury.
According to reports, the county
finds itself with a number of funds
overdrawn and some running close to
the Unfit, although there is a fortune
in the treasury.
The one solution to the problem Is
for the commission to declare an
emergency, and officials will come
to I'hoenix for that purpose. In addi
tion to the members of the board of
supervisors, Judge A. C. Lockwood
and County Aattorney Ross will ap
pear before the tax commission at 10
o'clock this morning.
Sixty-eight cities In the United
States have over 100,000 population.
FIKIAL PROBLEM
ow pein
Kidduies
VovteVrices
Why Mathematics And Foreign
Languages In .The High School?
The following articles will give to
readers of The Republican an insight
into whv educators place these sub
jects as important ones in the high
school curruculum.
Algebra
We encourage the study of Algebra
to develop in the student the keen de
light and exhilaration that comes
from a purely mental operation. With
a definite aim before him he experi
ences a real satisfaction In attain
irg it.
Some thinkers maintain, however,
that, excepting English, algebra has
as many contacts with practical life
as any subject in the curriculum.
Tru) it is that the average student
develops habits of concentration
carefulness and accuracy that must
be a valued part of his equipment for
any pursuit in life. And earnest at
tention to the solution of problems
is a good preparation for the prob
lems of life. But the very practical
use of algebra is experienced in the
fields of science and ensrineerimr.
NELLIE B. WILKINSON'.
Geometry
As one comes into coctact with the
material world about him, he gains,
in a more or less haphazard way, a
great fund of facts regarding form,
size and various other space relations.
It is the purpose of the study of
geometry to organize these facts and
to lead the student to observe other
similar facts, to reason concerning
them, to compare and relate them,
and to use them in solving various in
teresting and practical problems that
are part of his daily life.
It is evident, when one gives the
matter even the slightest considera
tion, that geometric principles play
a very important part in every day
life. Their use is readily seen in mo
saic .tiling and parquet flooring, in
steel ceiling patterns and other forms
of interior decoration, in linoleum
patterns, rugs, staineg glass windows.
and in many other ways too numer
ous to mention.
The architect uses geometrio prln
ciple.not only to make his building
secure, but to make it beautiful. The
construction engineer utilizes the
principle of the rigidity of triangles
to make his bridge capable oi carry
lrg a great weight and standing tre
mendous stress. 1 he lanascape gar
dener, the machinist, the mechanic,
the draftsman, the electrician and the
surveyor all find that it is not pos
Hose And Carter
HIS
GIFT
HERE
GIVE HIM JEWELRY
This is not a jewelry store
but we carry a very nice as
sortment of the sort of jewelry
that He actually uses, such as :
Initial Watch Fobs
Cigarette Cases
Stick Pins and Cuff Links t
Silver Belt Buckles
And a variety of other ar
ticles, every one' a suitable
gift. All in suitable gift boxes.
VIC HANNY CO.
"The Home of Hart Schaffner & Marx Clothes
NECKTIES IN GIFT BOXES
sumd
Our chkf
Enng
4. m j
sible to get very far without a know
edge of these fundamental principiv
Many subjects both in high schoi.
and college are studied because the
furnish a fund of general informatioi
tha thas been Ebown by experience
to be useful and practical to the per
son who calls himself educated.
Geometry is no exception to this. We
need to know geometry, first, for gen
eral information, just as we need to
know history and literature for gen
eral information, because the rest of
the world knows something about it.
Then, too, we need to know geom
etry because it has a large culture
value. It is the only high school sub
ject that affords a training in logic.
not necessarily formal logic, but clear,
concise, effective thinking. It affords
an excellent training in habits of neat
ness, order, diligence and henesty.
The study of this subject requires
the student to make clear, brief and
precise statements. In no other sub
ject Is he compelled so certainly to
think correctly and to say precisely
what be thinks.
Then, too, clearness of expression
reacts upon his thinking. For, In
order to express himself clearly be
must think in a straight line.
These are some reasons why geom
etry shouW be studied if one wishes
to obtain a broad outlook upon life,
and a mental development that is
characterized by effective thinking
and clear expression.
OSCAR H. SOULE.
Santa Fe Announces
Rate Reduction On
Ore From N.M. Mines
Republican A. P. Leased Wire
ALBUQUERQUE, N. M. Dec. 8.
Freight rates on ore from mines in
southern New Mexico to smelters in
the Kansas-Oklahoma belt will be
reduced by the Santa Fe railroad
about Jan. 1, W. A. Cameron, travel
ing freight and passenger agent, an
nounced yesterday. The scale follows:
Over 150 but not exceeding $100 per
ton, $7; over S23 but not exceeding
$50 per ton, $6; $25 per ton and un
der. $5.
Mine operators tay this reduction
wirt result a revival of mining in
the southern part f New Mexico.
Combination Sets
eady f ir
radiona

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