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THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN, PHOENIX, TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 27, 1921 THE ARIZONA REPUBLICAN ,,w.POEN-nC. ARIZONA a nri V?ne i-very Morning by the Entered aVxS'.1BUS,1IX COMPANY re at ' Postoif.ce at phoenix. Arizona, as Mail TN.-r-1'sber ,a p!i"SL,0 Second Class Oaerl Maner .il V " . Lwight B. Heart r.RM MaSSer Secretary Charles A. Stauffer Editor .....W. W. Knorpp -s Editor " J- w- sPar SLBSCRiPTlON 'RATES 1 Sf " AD VAN CE JI-V ,13.00; TV irnA!??s-;. ,;,S; s mo!-. 5 SO: 1 mo.. $1.25 ?B,U OR CARRlEROne year. 1S.00; -CNDAY LDlTlON by mall only S5.00 per year PnOne 4"1 Private Branch Exchange "VJHC tOOl Connecting All Department. rVI" Representatives: Robert E. Ward, w"1" BWg., New York. Mailers Bldg., Chicago; TvUt InTfiT? Ber" Examiner B'.dg., San Francis'o. rBER2 F THE ASSOCIATES PRESS Th. At....1'niLIsifht RePrt. by Leased Wire rtw Associate Press )s exclusively entitled to the use ITJL -PabUeation of all news dispatches credited to t otherwise credited lit tQis paper and also . local news published herein. 5'rtta or re-publicatlon of special dispatches Herein are also reserved. TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 27, 1921 tott made mistakes yesterday, forget them. No strength was ever built. on continued regret. Anonymous. The Muscle Shoals Project A story in The .Republican yesterday of a resur vey by Henry Ford, assisted by Thomas A. Edison, the Muscle Shoals plant, mentions that It was undertaken at the "suggestion of the government with : a view of clarifying and reconciling, if possible, dif ferences in Mr. Ford's estimate and those of army engineers concerning the completion of the work." The government is evidently taking Mr. Ford s bid much more seriously than it did at first. It has set the government to studying and has somewhat shak en i: faith In its army engineers. Mr. Ford's proposal Ier financing the transaction, as extraordinary as It emed at first, has also set the financiers to consid ering whether it- is not feasible. " A few. days ago the Christian Science Monitor aid of the plan: "Any man who has a plan for saving ,48,000.000 ought to be given a fair hearing, at least, even if his proposition does disturb preconceived' notions and established systems of finance. When the man who proposes to save 48,000.000 by having the United States government issue ,40,000,000 in currency in stead of interest-bearing bonds to complete the Muscle Shoals project for the benefit; of humanity is Henry Ford, and his idea is supported by Thomas A. FT!son. it would appear wise to listen carefully be fore condemning the plan . or permitting inspired interests to dispose of it.". The groups which are opposing it are some of the banking interests which look unfavorably upon a direct issue of currency because there would be no interest attached and interest is an important thing in the banking program. Private power companies rppose the entrance of Mr. Ford into the power producing game on any terms, because they believe that would mean lower power rates and poss'.bly higher wages, for in all his enterprises Mr. Ford operates on the slenderest of margins, depending upon popular good will and a gigantic volume of business. .The army engineers would jjrobably 'not be'"; friendly to any proposition Mr, Ford could have sub mitted with reference to Muscle Shoals and certainly ihey are not friendly to a proposition embracing -stimates so widely different from their own, Mr. Ford, though, has inspired a degree of popu ar confidence greater than that government officials enjoy and a degree of confidence which rightly Or wrongly is withheld from most of the eminent fin nc:er. Of the financial plan of Mr. Ford, who may not lt an orthodox financier, but has earned, a world aide reputation for sound common sense, the Chris tian Science Monitor says. In the final analysis the rank and file of the people should and do decide the majority of the great reforms and fundamental changes in the United States; consequently the fullest and freest discussion of any proposed innovation should be had, especially when a question of finance Is involved, for finance comprises one of the least understood lroblems of the world today. Since the highest authorities do not agree on the best systems, or that the present systems have reached perfection, it would seem Quite fitting to have a careful discussion of such a change as that proposed by Mr. Ford. -While there are many reasons why one may well be reluctant to change the present financial system o far as it has been tried and not found wanting, till progress demands improvement. As to a change possibly being for the better, witness the success of the radical upheaval that came with the establish ment of the United State's Federal Reserve system That, like nearly every other marked reform, was bombarded with all sorts of criticism and objection's, Criticism is to be expected, and should be welcome, for it forces elucidation as well as defense of the new proposition, and by this process the rank and tile have an opportunity of hearing the case and per haps discovering what is best. But at all events it is just as necessary to suspend judgment as It Is to have the whole matter thoroughly threshed out nd the relative merit established, so far as they can. be." Replying to the argument against the issuance of money, that we have an object lesson in the dam ace wrought by the unrestricated printing of money abroad. The Christian Science Monitor advises that that is a different situation. That money is backed by neither public confidence nor security, while money issued by the United States would be amply supported by both. Th Peril of Silence We used to think that such organizations as the . r.r America which is trying to organ- orsrrs - iae a workers" republic and which proposes to abolish .r,H Kin at its meetings such songs as 'he 'Internationale and "We ll Keep the Red Flag Waving Here.- ought to be promptly suppressed, "tt e ha,e changed our mind about that. . nuisance anyhow, but if one main- It is omj - , i,rf nobody else ever see it, hears ,mells it. we believe it is his affair and he . """iTnot be disturbed in his reveling in it. So it hOU , . .heir own halls, let them speech- rHn resolute to their hearts' content. They f?- . a ith only when they go before hU5d,lic If other people go to their meetings and he r"l'lic- 11 . ,.. 4h.m.elves to blame. , he country so long as they are orating. It t to the c thfy commjt offens(;s k when thv n siatute3 and are made pun. mh arc dtfmeo pj ishable. They are in no sense a menace to the gov ernment. A half dozen reckless automobile drivers in a community are far more dangerous than a nest of the wildest, longest-haired Reds that ever came together. We used to lament the time that was wasted in our state legislature and in congress by men who thought they were orators. We believed in the doc trine, "less talking and more doing." But as we grow older we grow in wisdom and, at least, so far as " legislatures, state and national, are concerned, we need more talking and less doing. When men only talk, they are incapable of doing harm. But when one sets up "a devil of "a thinking," thn look out. You don't know what his next move may be. In this country, and we suppose in all countries. there needs to be a blowing off of a lot of steam. When the .whistle of a boiler is blowing shrilly, there is not much danger of any, .explosion. The bigger the whistle and the louder and longer it is blown, the greater the minimization of a blow-up. One of the. reasons why our government Is so tranquil is that everybody is allowed to criticize it; the safety valves are so numerous. There is one at every corner grocery and every cross-roads store in the land. There the affairs of the nation are settled several times a day by different groups. Likewise in the halls of the Reds and in the gatherings of myriads of uplift organizations mundane affairs are adjusted as they ought to be. We all know how it is. It's like this: When a private individual's conduct fails of our approval and we cuss him out freely behind his back we feel a measure of contentment and imagine that we have somehow regenerated him. If ever the people of this country should quit talking, it would be ominous, something like the dread stillness that precedes the storm. Silence is sinister. In our latter day wisdom, we sometimes think that the federal government could afford to finance organizations of Reds, requiring them through under severe penalties to hold their meetings in sound proof halls. It 'and the states, too,' could well afford to offer bonuses for" the longest speeches in congress' and legislature. Oratory needs encouragement in this land of ours. We do not mean that eloquence, fluency and logic should be cultivates ; not the kind of oratory of Webster, Haynes, Garfield and Blaine, but the com mon or garden variety of oratory. What Every Husband Knows By Herbert Johnson The Human Imaainatioia If Verde wate" tiaa, s'p H ar JrccomplishedngthinK it. -J .d ' . ..... cuso L nam bccu tuv agency igr carrying cumulative proof If any were needed of the triumph of mind over matter. Immediately after a flamboyant announcement, in which this paper performed a part, that the waters of the Verde were to be turned into the mains on a certain morning, many of the readers at once de tected an aqueous change. That there had been a hitch and that Verde water had not yet been sub stituted for the more strongly impregnated water ot the Salt was not so widely advertised. , Thus there is much commendatory comment upon Verde water, all of which the Salt, if it were sentient, would recognize as bouquets bestowed upon the living rather than withheld to be laid upon the tomb o the departed. '-In many households since December IS it has been observed that the water is much softer, that lather is produced by a less expenditure of rubbing ,and soap. A grocer in the northeastern part of town thinks he has observed within the last two weeks a diminu tion of sales of soap and water- softeners. Whether that is imagination- or whether it is a substantial re flection of the imagination of his patrons we do not know. . . A plumber who has had intimate contact with the water of Phoenix for eighteen years and is familiar with its corroding effect upon metals with which he works, testified to, the more amicable relation be tween the new water and the iron and lead pipes, the gaskets, malleable unions, faucets and other elements constituting plumbing fixtures. . . . . Now and then there is an adverse note. Occa sionally is heard a complaint of the insipidity of the new water, the absence of that "body"" which had long distinguished the water supply of Phoenix from that of less favored municipalities. All this describes a manifold conquest of matter by the mind. The old water is invested with qualities which it never possessed and at the same time is divested of other qualities wheh were almost nation ally notorious. There is bestowed upon refractory metals immunity from a corrosive influence that has persisted ever since the water of Phoenix was brought into contact with them. If ' it were not for our imaginations how much would we miss, in our journey through life' of the .pleasant, the picturesque, and the thrilling. Some think that man differs from the lower animals only in that he is the possessor of reasoning powers. We do not think there is any such distinc tion. We are sure some animals reason, and we are not sure that even animals of the lower forms do not reason. -,- - We have never heard, though, of animals with imagination, except the birds, which tried to pick Apelles' painted cherries and now and then a deluded dog that tries to get into a fight with- the big cast iron dog in front of a Phoenix hardware store. But we'll bet no animal has been led by his imagination Into a mistake about the kind of water that is flow ing through the mains of the city system. HIS INQUIRY "Paw," began little Lester Livermore, who is of unusual width betwixt the eyes, "if a man SO years old marries a girl of 17. and his son, aged 25, marries the. girl's mother, doesn't that make the old man the son-in-law of his own son and the father-in-law of himself, and say, Paw.'can I go to the picture show tonight if I won't ask any more questions'?" "YesI'' yelled Mr. Livermore. - THE ABSOLUTE LIMIT Orator And now, gentlemen, I just wish to tax your memory. Member of Audience Good heavens! Has It : come to that now? London Telegraph. FOR RIVER WORK, 15 MILLION A total of fifteen million dollars for improving the Ohio and Missouri rivers and the Mississippi north of the Ohio would be authorized under a bill introduced November 8 by Representative Newton, Republican, Missouri. Authority also would be given the secretary of war to contract for additional im provement of the channels during the next few years to the extent of $6,900,000. i ; r 7 1 1 n WHY, GtfQ'. You've I Now Yov) Do look so fOnComN Your L0ViL CONItY1. MAVE'A REAbf fJPE "THAT MAMA NICE, COXY TIME WH1Lt 1 L Car)Ttit, I9:i. j Herbert Johuoa , ' L - BIBLE THOUGHT FOR TODAY, THE TiEAUTY OF HOLINESS: Give unto AS the Lord the glory due unto his name; bring K. Y an offering, and come before him: worship the Lord in the beauty of holiness. 1 Chronicles 16:' 29. WAR AND THE UNBORN BY DR. FRANK CRANE (Copyright. 1921. by Frank Crane) t f- THE ONCE OVEf .1 By H. L PHILLIPS , HA BY H. I. PHILLIPS Beating the Battleships Into Benzine 'Busses. An automobile that will run on salt water instead of gasoline is near at hand. It is all a matter of breeding. Henry Ford has announced a willing ness to cross his iord cars with the ships of the United States fleet. The produce, he figures, should cause a sensation in the motor world. Autolsts will greet the new car with intense satisfaction. In the past they have had to admit that, after all. a flivver was only a flivver, but henceforth theirs will be the thrill of feeling that the 'bus has the blood of a gallant and illustrious naval power in its veins. "I will beat the dreadnoughts Into limousines, and the battle cruisers into coupes." says Mr. Ford. "I will beat the destroyers into runabouts and the scout cruisers into one-man tops. I will beat the naval uniforms into seat-upholstery, and the swords into radiator caps. In other words, he will junk the United States navy, and convert the junk into flivvers. Which, the unkind critics might say, will not reduce the world s supply of junk any. Much jealousy, however. Is bound to ensue among buyers of the new machines, in our opinion. "Nice car you have there. Bill. George will say as he pulls up his machine alongside of Bill's 'bus. "You said something." Bill will re spond. "It used to be the flagship ot Admiral Rodman s fleet ia the North Sea." "is that so?" "Yes. sir. It's made entirely from the battleship. New York. It gives me quite a thrill to realize that oeiore it became my family 'bus it spent years in the United States navy, and saw service in the North Sea." "Well, my flivver has had a better career than yours, ueorge wiu argue. "How come?" "I'll let you In on something: this chariot of mine was made from one of the ship" that fought in the battle of Manila Bay. "it looks it." Bill may jealously re tort. "One of the Spanish ships, I reckon." And can you fancy the line of talk the salesman will give you? "My dear man, you can't afford to let tho opportunity to buy this car pass. That's a genuine Pacific squa dron body ... wheels from the battleship Louisiana . . . fenders made from that grand old phip the Connecticut . . radiator from the Delaware . . . springs from the destroyers K- and K-8 . . . up holstery from the officers' cabin of the Michigan! Why. just stop to realize that you are not buying mere ly a flivver; you are buying half the United States navy! "I call your attention to the com pass under the dash, the wireless out fit attached under the windshield, the 200 feet of anchor chain that goes with each and every car and to the electrically controlled rudder. "And don't forget that to each and every purchaser of one of these cars we give a brand new sailor uniform and hat!" Prohibition In Other Countries Identified as a former governor of Idaho, a man recently died at the county poor farm in Topeka, Kansas. He was formerly a miner in Idaho until elected lieutenant governor in 1S92. When the gover nor resigned to accept a federal, position, the lieu tenant governor filled out the term- By Frederic J. Haskin NEW YORK, lec. 26 The diffi culty in enfor4ng prohibition, as il lustrated by the efforts ot dry agents in this country, has not proved as discouraging to the rest of the world as might be expected. The world pro hibition movement has suffered no serious setback. On the contrary, it appears to be prospering merrily. Most South American countries are resigning themselves to tfee prospect of an approaching drought, the Orient is listening attentively, if inscrutably, to dry propaganda, and France is waging a discreet but effective fight against hard liquor. There is to be nothing sudden about prohibition in France. No at tempt is being made to curtail the consumption of light wines - and beer, the national table beverages, but the campaign is directed entirely against he powerful hard liquors eau de vie, cognaes, and brandies. Even these, however, are to be elimi nated quietly and gently, not ab ruptly before the population is whol ly prepared for the catastrophe. "If I may be permitted to say so, the prohibition system in America is stupid." declared Jean Finot. noted French author and leader of the anti alcohol forces in France, to an Amer ican newspaperman not long ago. "You can t wash all the. spots off the leopard in a single bath. After gen erations of alcohol you cannot change nature so abruptly as American pro hibitionists have tried to do. It is not possible from the psychological point of view. There is momentary tri umph, but what about the reaction?" In Fiance, according to M. Finot. the prohibition pageant is being staged much more skillfully. In the first place, it begins in the schoolroom where the trench children are sup plied with a small booklet faithfully setting forth the horrible conse quences of imbibing strong drink On the cover is the cartoon of a Ger man soldier leerinv from behind a bottel of deadly liquor, against a background of skulls and crossbones. and beneath it is the caption: "That which we were unable to d alcohol win uo. ' One may count in France th number of deaths from tuberculosis occasioned by alcohol at 100.000 a year." sfiys the booklet. "In this figure are found at least 50. "00 fath ers of families. Counting two infants in "each home, there are thus 100.010 orphans in France who each year pay their sad tribute to the miseries and sufferings of King Alcohol, so- im placable in his cruelty. "Even children know that hundreds of thousands of people die annually from alcoholic drinking. Laborers work much less efficiently and pro duce less under its influence. The bad poison also works for all sorts of crimes. It provokes misery and tin happiness without a name. Parents who drink do not cease to quarrel among themselves, and even fre quently strike their children without reason. In the place of receiving a morsel of bread or meat, one receives blows and kicks and bad words." 'Thus, down with our great enemy. alcohol:" the booklet concludes. "Combat him with energy and hero ism in order to prove that you are good citizens of France." French Tax Hard Liquor While placing great stress on this educational phase of the campaign. France does not hesitate to use more forceful measures. In a quiet and discreet way. in fact, the French chamber and senate are gradually taxing strong liquors out of existence. At the same time, taxes on light wines and beer have been steadily lowered. In South American countries, where the prohibition campaigns are largely under the direction of our own erstwhile prohibition generals. less subtlety and more force are in evidence. In Chile, for instance, the president has sent an announcement to grape growers that they must for some other use for their grapes than the manufacture of alcoholic wine. Uruguay, we are told, is serv ing grape juice and similar beverages instead of wine and champagne at its official banquets, while the govern ment now regularly sets aside an an nual sum for the publication of tern perance literature. "In Argentina." says an American who has just returned from that country, "scientific . temperance lec tures are given in the public schools. and the 'Scientific Manual' of the W. C. T. I', has been reprinted in the official educational magazines and sent to all the teachers in the repub lic. "In Buenos Aires, a larce Gov ernment buildins known as 'Kl Mus co Escolar de Sarmjenio."' has been placed at the disposal of the women temperance workers for wer-kly lec tures and laities. The children in the higher grades ot more than 300 primary schools attend special tem perance demonstrations or 'fiestas' against the use - of alcohol. These 'fiestas' have been photographed by the movie men at the expense of the government and have been shown in many parts ot South America." Peru is also actively engage in temperance work. The president of Peru, who is a physician, publishes a monthly temperance bulletin, for the benefit of the masses of people, and he is making a special effort to arouse an interest in the condition of the Indians, who are said to be rap idly dying off from constant imbib ing. Hard To Dry Up Brazil Although the whole of South America is gradually drifing toward prohibition, the W. C. T. U. workers do not look forward to an easy or an overwhelming victory. Indeed they are inclined to fear that large areas In South America will remain wet for years to come. The size of the continent itself is a tremendous handicap to their work. It required Inn? vMn nf nmti.nt .nriMivtr nnd powerful organization to make the Catholic SCllOOlS, i mien iaies ary, ana yet ine en tire United States could be dropped in the lap of Brazil and there would still be room left for two states the size of Texas. Even if prohibition is victorious In a few countries like Chile and Peru, it will he extremely difficult to enforce, with wet aerri- tory all around them. That the most virtuous of nations are inevitably contaminated by their neighbors is shown not only in the case of the United States, where bootleggers are constantly whisking liquor across the Mexican and Cana dian borders, but in the case of Nor way which is in an even more des perate situation. Norway is not bone dry as we are. although the prohibl tionlst element in its government is striving to make it so. Norwegians are still permitted to drink as much light wine and beer as they wish, but even this indulgence, which would be welcomed In America, does not sat isfy them. They are constantly smug gling whiskey and brandy into the country, or dashing over to Denmark for a supply of them. Norway has a coastline which is particularly favorable to smugglers. If you will look at the map. you will see that it Is perpetually broken and indented with small islands, ranging from several miles in area to the merest slab of rocky land. Accord ing to one Norwegian, there are 240,000 of them. It is a simple task for smuggler to sneak In among these islands, even in broad daylight, and land their illicit cargoes. Sometimes when the smuggler feels that he is being too strictly watched, he mere. lv anchors his craft a fraction be yond the three-mile limit and re ceives his customers at his own pri vate bar. Besides its constant and futile struggle with smugglers and boot leggers. the Norwegian government also is having difficulty with the Snanish and Portuguese governments on account ot Its emoargo on never- ages containing more than 14 per cent alcohol. The Spanish and Por tuguese nations, you see. have been accustomed to furnish the Norweg ians with most of their wine, in re turn for which they bought the Nor wegian's fish. Each nation thus re lieved the other of a surplus product. Snain and Portugal will have large nuantities of grapes left on their hands if Norway stops buying wine, and Norway wiil have heaps of fish which it cannot market. "For." say Spain and Portugal, "prohibition works both ways, and we will do without fish even though our con science is not set against them." o The evil effects of war upon the living have been often expatiated upon. The world has just been aware again of the fact that war not only murders millions of the strongest and fittest men, but it also leaves behind it a trail of famine, of pest, of mutilated lives, or widespread want, and of bankruptcy. There is hardly a home in the world that has not been in some way flecked by the spattering poison of the Great War. Mr. Douglas, a Dublin merchant, who is chairman of the Board of Quakers in that city, called attention to another way in which the virus of war attacks the hu man stock. Speaking of the period of desolation caused by the late bloody feuds in Ireland, he says: It is the suffering of the innocents, the women and children, that is the hardest to witness. No one can intimate what the effects of constant warfare vAW be on the future generations of Irish. There have been an un- precedented number of premature births due to fnght, and medical men predict that children born in days of such terror will grow up heavily handicapped." In one section of Ireland a nurse reported that pre-1 'J mature births had increased threefold since the fight ing started in 1920. Mr. Douglas cites one case where the father waa afraid to go for a physician after curfew and the mother herself started, with the result that her child was born , in the streets. It would seem as if the world had lived long enough to put away such mediaeval bitterness as exists between the Protestants and Catholics of Ireland. This implies no attempts to construe the Irish ques tion politically one way or anbther. But there is no doubt that an aggravating element in it is religious, . feud. V- r4t. T ril. i: 1 T.4Ao4nnta r.r. - sumed to be Chnstians. And it is a ghastly commentary upon the intelligence of the human race that the follow ers of Jesus Christ should make their religion an occa sion for the outbreak of the basest and most primitive passions. The situation in Belfast, according to Mr. Lwugias, is probably unparalleled in its deplorable aspects. He . says that there have been 9,bUU Koman catholic worK-f ers. In one outbreak on July 10, 161 Roman Catholici henses were looted, burned and wrecked, and 'he home--;:y less DeoDle had to be sheltered ami fed in the Koman A A . - A Of course it is absurd to say that the fault is all on'. one Fide, as there has been only too much evidence of ; senseless prejudice on both sides. What must be the feeling of the bi-ntle Christ, wno promulgated the law of love and the power of human brotherhood, when He Looks down upon tne areaaiui perversions of His spirit shown by two organizations each bearing His cross as a standard ! ? i n- Questions And Answers I I -a (Any reader can get the answer to any question by writing The Re publican Information Bureau, Fred eric J. Haskin. director. Washington, D. C. This offer applies strictly to information. The bureau cannot give advice on legal, medical, and finan cial matters. It does not attempt to settle domestic troubles, nor to un dertake exhaustive research op any subject. Write your question plainly and briefly. Give full name and ad dress and enclose two cents in stamps for return postage. All replies are sent direct to the Inquirer.) Q. Was it found possible during the war, to stop the braying of mules? E. L. O. A. A military veterinarian saxs that opci ,i t ions were made on the army mules during the war and proved successful In the silencing of the mule's "bray." Q. Te settle a dispute, what is a tandem? R. E. A. In reference to time only a tandem is humorously taken as meaning lengthwise. In regard te two or more things, and specifically ot horses a team harnessed one be fore the other. Q. What are the colors of - the United States postage stamps up to 12 cents? W. E. B. A. The one-cent stamp Is green; two-cent, red; three-cent, purple or violet; , four-cent, brown; five-cent, blue; ten-cent, yellow; and twelve cent, brownish red. Q. What is the lowest temperature reached at York Factory, Hudson Bay? W. E. H. A. According to the "iianaoooK 01 Meteorolrv" by Julius Hann, the av erage minimum temperature at York Factory. Hudson Bay. Is 43 degrees below zero, while the lowest recorded temperature for a number of years was S3 degrees below sero. Q. Are pigs naturally dirty ani mals? M. M. O. A. Tigs are the cleanest of all farm animals if they are allowed to be so. Pigs will not sleep in a filthy bed unless compelled to. They should not be made to wallow in dirty holes. Germs ot hog cholera may remain alive and active for six months In such places. If the pigs are to have a wallow it should be constructed of concrete, and should be drained and cleaned frequently. Q. Take a tub of water and put it en the scales. Put a live fish in it Will the fish add te its weight? H. R. Z. A. If a live fish of a certain weight be placed in a tub of water, the weight of the whole will be increased by the amount of tho weight of the fish. Q. Hat Jerusalem ever had and other name? S. Y. O. A. When the Roman Emperor Hadrian rebuilt Jerusalem after its destruction in 70 A. D.. he changed its name to Aelia t'apitolina and for bade any Jew to dwell in this city. Q. It is possible to get a pass port to Germany now? H. F. A. Passports may be obtained for Germany and Austria. At present passports are not issued to Hungary. Q. When honey is used in cooking is it necessary to use soda? T. P. A. Honey, like molasses, contains an acid, and one-fourth teaspoon of soda should be used to each cup of honey. Dissolve the soda in a little warm water and add to honey, stir ring until it foams. This soda does not take the pleace of leavening. which should be added in its usual proportion. Q. What was the first church established in New York City? V. K. N. A. The Itutch Reformed church has the driest church organization in New York city. Next in order of foundation i the Kpicnpal chur'b Q. Did the Romans invent their numerals? G. A. C. A. There iw no record tr. prove thai they did. ll is considered prob able that the Roman adopted them from the Em scans. Q. Can a fish remain alive after being frozen in a cake ef ice if the ice is melted naturally? A. W. A. The bureau of fisheries says that it is possible for fish to remain alive after being frozen in a cake ot ice. They know of an instance where goldfish remained alive after being frozen In a pond all winter. In Si beria there are rivera containing fish which are buried in the mud and which are frozen all winter, but are alive in the spring. Q. What kind of animal Is the straw cat? T. D. L. A. This animal is also known aa the pampas cat. and the grass cat. It is a yellowish-gray wild cat. with straw-colored bands running oblique ly backwards across the flanks and horizontaly on the legs and chest. Q. What are the Magdeburg Cen turies? C. L. U A. This name was given to the first comprehensive Protestant work on the Christian church. It was pub lished in the sixteenth centry. but was divided into 13 volumes, each re viewing the church for one century, the last volume being a resume of the thirteenth century. The woric was begun in Magdeburg thus the name. Magdeburg Centuries. Q. How long has antitoxin for uae in cases of diphtheria been kpown? S. F. A. Emil Buhrlng announced hla discovery of diphtheria anti-toxin in 18S0. In 1901 he received the Nobel prize in medicine for his discovery of diphtheria serum. a. How long do the ordinary birda live? E. R. S. A. The average length of life of small common birds, such as a robin, is from 10 to IS years. Q. What dees the name "Susque hanna" mean? E. R. N. A. "Susquehanna" is a word de rived from the Indian "Suckahanne" meaning water. Q. What dynasty Is the eldest isj the world? V. M. T. A. The Mikado dynasty Is prob ably the oldest in the world. The first Mokado was Jumma Tenno ho, ' according to history, began to rule in S6o B. C. Q. What was the. meaning ef "Oom" Paul? I. M. C. A. The word "Oom" as applied to Taul Kruger, president of the Trans vael. is a Dutch word meaning "uncle."" Q. Why was Maiden Lane, London, sc called? C. C. H. A. The name is said to have been given from an image of the Virgin which stood on this street. Q. How is the length of a step de termined? M. W. A. To ascertain the distance cov ered in a step or stride, measure from heel to heel or toe to toe. Ordinarily the pace is estimated at ? i feet: bat in measuring distances by stepping, the pace U extended to three feet (one yard or to 3 3 feet (One fifth of a rod. . Q. Art there diphthongs in the French? D. S. A. There are no true diphthnnes in Vi-ench. Ther ar. combinations of semi-consonants and vowels.