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seed is scattered with three finger? broadcast, and the
land lightly harrowed and rolled. In September they hoe it in the manner they do turnips, setting the plants out at about a foot distance, and clear out the weeds. This hoeing renders the plants much stronger than they otherwise would be, and makes them produce moré seed. If any part of the field miss they fill it up with plants from the thicker part, in the latter end of October, or beginning of November, which answers much better than-transplanting them in January; for in the latter case, should a sharp frost succeed, they would be mostly killed from not being rooted ; other wise the severest frost in England will not injure them. The. produce is from three to six quarters per acre. The plants, when young, are in great danger from slugs, who prey on them voraciously. The best way of preventing this, is to strew over the plants a mix ture of slacked lime and wood ashes ; ten bushels of lime and fifteen of ashes, are enough for an acre.— This not only destroys the insects, but promotes the growth of the crop greatly, so that it gets to a strong head before winter. In the month of September they rut and thresh it on a floor made in the field, and cov ered with a large cloth or waggon tilt. The straw and chaff arc burnt for the sake of the ashes ; but sometimes, when the stalks are very strong, they are used for enclosing fences in farm yards, to protect the cattle from winds in winter. in The idea that rape iripoverishes tlie soil, seems to be a mistaken one ; for very good crops of wheat are got after it. This plant should not, however, be sown two years together on the same land, host after .beans, turnips, or cabbages, large, black, and free from red ones, it is reckoned good. If the crop be kept long before it is sold, it should he laid very dry, otherwise it will lose its lour, and be much damaged. Some farmers sow rape seed merely for the sake of the winter feed it affords their cattle, fattening of any winter feed for sheep, thrive more It always does If the seed be co It is the most They will on rape seed plants in one month, than on turnips in two, if put in soon after Michaelmas.— In this case, when the crop is fed off', the English far mers plough it up early in the spring, and always have a good crop of barley. But this method is not gen erally practised ; for it requires great care and pains to clear the land of the rape seed plants, which would, it not destroyed, soon grow up above the barley, and . injure the crop ; and besides, whenever rape seed is at a tolerable price, it is not making the most of it to Iced it off. There is one thing to he observed in ploughing for rape, which in general is little attended to; and that is, when you plough for sowing, plough north and south, if your field will admit of it ; and then the land, when sown, will lie full faced to the sun, and receive a greater share of its influence. en ed the ber At tan sed tion To preserre Potatoes from the frost .—If you have not a convenient store-place for them, dig a trench three or four feet deep, into which they are to he laid as they are taken,up, and then covered with the earth taken out of the trench, raised up in the middle like the root of a house, and covered with straw, to carry oil tin: rain. They will thus he preserved from the trost, and can be taken up as they are wanted. t auliflou'cr .—Cauliflower may be kept for a length of time by cutting them in a dry day, stripping off' till the leaves, and then burying them among bog'mould. A valuable Dairy.—Wo are informed that Mr Isra ic no!?'° f P ! U ' sf "' ld ' (Mas*-) has made this season, ',JJ0 pounds of cheese, from the milk of only 28 cows-bomg on an average 571 pounds to each cow. «e understand he increases the quantity of milk by fftung |, 1S cows daily the whey mixed with meal.— 18 ol thc bcst quality, and fetches with his established customers in New York, one or two cents per pound more than that of ordinary dairies, a dairy, when cheese is 121 buch , - --t cents per pound, would nuke a man rich in a few years, and even at the 1 n m °deruto prices is no contemptible income. pres Bcrkshire American. up of FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. FROM EUROPE. New York, November , 5.—In a postscript to the greater part of our impression last evening, wb an nounced the arrivals of the packet ships Britlania and Henry Kneeland, from Liverpool, whence they sailçd on the 3d of Octobor. By these arrivals, the, editors of the Commercial Advertiser .have received copious files of London and provincial papers, including the former of the 2d, and Liverpool of the 3d. •The intelligence from the seat of -war is not much later than our former advices. It was reported thirt the Grand Vizier had reached Choumln, with a rein forcement of 40,000 men. It is evident that the Rus sians make but slow progress. Reports add, that the Emperor'will postpone his grand object of taking pos session of Constantinople until the next campaign—■ and will return to St. Potersburgh to spend the winter and strengthen bis army. There wore reports in London that the Russians had ordered the blockade of the Dardanelles ; and the Courier of the 1st says, " the report has at length assu med a more decided character—and, if w'e are not mis informed, the discussions which have taken place upon the subject, have terminated in the following A formal notification of his Imperial Majesty's inten tion to blockade the Dardanelles, will be made forth with to the British and French governments. The blockade however will be very limited in its operations ; and, at all events, we understand, his Majesty's govern ment will exert itself to protect, us far as possible, the interests of British trade." in consequence of this report, but were again on the rise at the last dates, when it was believed the had been agreed to hv the British Government, as be ing likely to conduce to tin; more speedy execution of the Greek treaty. An official announcement of the blockade was hourly expected, with the understanding that it is only to relate to munitions of war and pro visions. ny manner : The stocks had declined measure The march of the Grand Vizier from the capital to Daud Pacha, it is said, resembled a religious proces sion. The Mufti, with a sword in his right hand, and the Koran in his left, preceded the troops, rine which was almost destroyed in the battle of Na varino, has, in some measure, repaired its losses, en frigates and three brigs are preparing to enter the Black Sea, and to raise the blockade of the ports invest ed by the Russians ; or, at least, to introduce provis ions and troops into them. Though the accounts from Paris, of a sortie from Varna, on the 14th are incorrect, it is reported that a sortie has taken place since the date of the last bulle tins, which bring down the operations to the 31st of August. It is said to have been made on the 4 th of September, to have been a sanguinary one, but without decisive advantage on either side. No particulars how ever, says the Courier of October 1st, have transpired. The London Morning Advertiser of Sept. 30, the Nuremburgh Correspondent contains an article frqm the-Danube, in which it is stated, " that the num ber of sick troops in the Russian hospitals amounts to 20,000 to 25,000 men, and that the Emperor had pressed a strong desire for peace." The editor says, "the latter part of the statement is wholly inconsistent with the vast preparations which the Emperor made for carrying on the war, and the immense reinforcements which helms ordered up against Chotimla and Varna. At all events, it can scarcely be supposed that the Sul tan would, after the success which his arms have expe rienced, listen to any terms which the Emperor might propose. Official advices have been received from Mr. Strat ford Canning, to the fifth of Septeml ningof that day, the three Admirals had a conference with Ibrahim Pacha, who admitted the obligation impo sed upon him by the Convention to evacuate the Morea, whenever the means of conveyance were afforded him. The conference was to be resumed on the 7th. At a mooting of Silk-weavers at Macclesfield, peti tions to Parliament were adopted, praying for a regula tion of wages in the four great branches of silk, wool The ma Scv at ed tion sels main try send sat ex ier. Onthemor the been an len, linen and fcotton factories ; and also for the re-en acting of the prohibiting laws. The first meeting of the proprietors of the Univer sity of London, within the walls of the new building, was held on the 30th September. Portsmouth, Sept. 27. ■ Thé Blossom, 2 r 4, Captain Beechy, arrived yester day with upwards of 1,500,000, dollars in specie on botjrd, on private account : 600,000 of which is the property of old Spaniards, who hove been compelled to quit the territory of Mexico, and who were obliged in a hurried milliner to collect what property they could, and' ship it on board the Blosson at San Bias. The Blosson has been absent from England three years and four months, during which period she has sailed over seventy-two thousafyl miles. During her absence she bus visited'Pitcairn, Society, Sandwich, and Loo Choo Islands, and discovered several Islands in both the North and South Pacific. In 1826, she discovered six coral Islands in the South Pacific, a dangerous archipelago ;'and in June, 1827, found the group of islands culled Isias de Arzobispo, which were formerly laid down in charts, but which had been era sed in modern ones, under an impression that they did not exist. They extend from the Volcano Islands of Cook to 28 J N. abound in turtle, leaving the islands, consumed 600 lbs of turtle daily for three weeks. In September, 1827, she'discovered near Behring's Straits, Port Clarence, which offers most excellent anchorage. It was here that the barge of the Blossom, with a crew'of nine men while sur veying in shore, foundered in a gale of wind, when three seamen were drowned ; the remainder succeed ed in reaching the shore, and Were at first unmolested by the Esquimaux ; others of the latter, however, coming down in great numbers, did not appear so am icably disposed towards them, and but for the timely arrival of the ship, the crew in all probability would have been destroyed. Whilst in Kotzebue's Sound, the boat's crew were subjected (o a skirmish with the Esquimaux. It arose from àn attéinpt to rcb our sea men of their knives, &c. when employed in obtain ing water. Eight seamen were wounded, one Esqui maux killed, and another wounded. The Blossom was at Pitcairn's Island in December 1825. The colony consisted of 65. Adams was alive. They ex press considerable anxiety to be transferred to some other part of the globe, and have petitioned the Gov ernment of this country to grant them some spot in New South Wales, which, by cultivating, may afford them the means of subsistence. At Pitcairn the colo ny entertain fears of a famine. The Blosson was at Loo Choo in May, 1827. The natives were exceed ing friendly. Madera, to whom Captain Basil Hall alludes, as having aeled as his interpréter when the Lyra visited this island, had died. The Blossom, wo understand, has brought home sonic mammoth's teeth and fossil bones from Behring's Straits. They afford good anchorage, and The crew of the Blossom, afteu VERA CRUZ.—The Pensacola Gazette of the 14th ult. says, that letters to the 10th Sept, have been received in that city, from Vera Cruz; which state that,on the 28th August, all foreign merchants residing at that place, had been summoned by the military au thorities, and a forced loan to a large, amount demand ed ; with the intimation that, if it was not granted, they could not promise the merchants safety or protec tion from a starring soldiery ! The merchants had re fused a compliance, with a determination, if matters became moro serious, to take refuge on board the ves sels of their respective nations. happy to learn that the United States'ship Hornet, Capt Claxton, arrived there on the 2d September, and will re main there, to protect the property and citizens of our coun try : end that it is the intention of Commodore Ridgley, to send another sloop of war, to relieve her in good time. We A Grammar of the Greek Language, written wholly in Greek, and giving rules for its pronunciation, according to the manner of the modern Greek, which is said nearly to re semble in sound the language as spoken by the Ancients, has been published by Col. Alexander Negris, now employed as an instructor at Cambridge, Massachusetts.