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The loan of two millions of dollars, authorised by the act
of March 24th, 1828, was taken by the Bank of Pennsylva nia but not on terms so favorable to the government as the ' 0 f 1 827. The particulars shall be laid before the legis The loan of 1828, will he exhausted in the month of pecember, when funds will be required to meet the obligations Mitered into, and contracts made under existing acts of the pvislature. The rapidity with which the great public works KOgiess, requires large sums of money, and calls upon the General Assembly to make prompt provision for the public vants. This state of things will necessarily suggest, whether irudencedoes not require that the works already determined iponand contracted for, should be finished before any others hall be commenced. Pursuing this course, the commonweal! h Tiight expect to receive such sums for tolls, &c. as would re lier from the burden of interest, and enable her to com nle'eanv further improvements she might think necessary, without in any manner com^roinitting the credit or retarding lie prosperity of the state. The mighty works and consequent great, expenditures nn ertaken by the state, cannot induce me to forbear again cal ling attention to the subject of public education. To devise for the establishment of a fund, and the adoption of a plan, by which the blessings of the more necessary branches of education, should he conferred on ever; family w ithin our bord ers, would be every way worthy the legislature of Pennsylva nia; an attention to this subject, at this time, would seem to be peculiarly demanded by the increased number of children and young persons who are employed in manufactories. It Mould be desirable for the employers and parents as well ns children, that this matter should early engage the attention of, and he early acted upon by the legislature, inasmuch as it will he easier in the infancy of manufactures, to adopt, and enforce a liberal system, than if would be to establish such a system when thousands more children shall be employed than are at this time. The establishment of such principles, would not only have the happiest effects in cultivating the minds, hut invlgorating the physical constitutions of the young. What nobler incentive can present itself to the mind of a republican Fgishtor, than a hope that his laborshall be rewarded bv en suring to his country, a race of human beings, healthy, and of vigorous constitutions and of minds more generally improved, than falls to the lot of any considerable portion of the human family. When the very important report made by the Commission ers appointed on the Penal Code was laid on the table it the last session, it was not found possible to bestow upon it that , deliberate consideration to which its great importance entitled it. The number of copies of the report which were printed and distributed, and tl.e deep and general interest excited, ha secured to it that consideration which tt is hoped has ptepnr cd you to enter upon its examinai inn with all that diligence and anxiety which properly belong to an inquiry which includes not only the Penal Code, but.the inode of treating a class of :l men, who are, unfortunately, too numerous for the peace and security of society. It has not been usual, m this Commonwealth, to hold extra sessions of the General Assembly, nor should they be held but un extraordinary and urgent occaainns. When, however, the *' geat mass of current business which, of necessity, is annual ly brought before, and acted upon by the legislature of this Preat «täte, and the time thus consumed, are ronsideied, it i uay merit the attention of this Genor.il Assembly to consider .t lowfarduty would require that a special session should be held I for the sole and expiess purpose of legislating upon the volum-1 inous and important report which now lies upon your desks j unnoted upon. Under circumstances not very dissimilar, the! I'f dniurit of Now York have hold two extra fessions in the ! last two years, and I doubt not, with much benefit to their ennstituent«. Of such a measure you, gentlemen, are the best, ! a* you are the constitutional judges; I have however, thought that on a subject of such magnitude, and bearing so heavily autl extensively on the happiness and safely of all, and on the treatment, and, if possible, reformation of those who may sub ject themselves to the pains and penalties of the laws, that it would he strictly within my constitutional limit to make the figgestion I have made, and leave it to be acted upon, or oth erwise disposed of, as your judgment shall determine. I have deemed it proper to inform the Legislature that suits luve been instituted in the District Court of the United States, by the heirs of the kite John Nicholson, to recover some of the lands, which were sold bv the commonwealth as the pro perty ui said Nicholson, to satisfy the debts due by him to tiiis 'Inch hud become a lien on all iiis lands within this f'Miimon wealth. is biterAsted, in resisting those claims, mr*du h\ the heirs, and "hat steps interests of the Commonwealth. In the organization of our Government, of the Union and of tlm States, the simple and efficient principle which secures our "elfirc and repose, is, that the will of the majority sliuII rule, and whenever that will is constitutionally expressed, whether it be by Election or by Legislation, it is the plain duty, as it imist always be the pleasure of every public functionary, checr f;ll, y to concur. To him the laws are the laws of the people; a:, d to him the magistrate is the magistrate of the people by tliein rightfully invested with authority for their benefit, and ^trusted with so much power as the constitution confers upon •be office. At seasons of elections, especially for the higher Radons, there will often be great excitement; proportioned to -•le interest produced by the occasion, and indicative of the so loan i! ire. eve moans ; e, The legislature will judge how fin* the State !eess»ry to be taken to defend the rights und ire of h a Harrisburg , Dec. 4, 1828. , . . district Court jn ouch District, Judge is fixed at sixty dollar# ! They have a Treasurer, ittnl a resolution is adopted t0 rC;|lli| . 0 , li|n to keP[ , hi# offico flt dllril J ,| K . . . 1 f * , . ,llt * ^ °t tile vioncral Council, :l * reusury—and nil appropriation is made for purcha sing an iron chest for its use. A resolution was arloptnd, (which is certainly not „„„ r ll£} i,; ' \ •. , . , , ^ *° '' ", 1>C 1«W *' 1 1° exact pilccagc, toilage or jernage from citizens the Nation at any of the turnpikes, toll bridges, and ferries, within the Cherokee Nation." It seems i ro m; ,ko no odds with these simple people, unused a* .t ... ,,i . . , . I . ^ ' , . A, . , , l1 * ]S . an( UF.orpora "huilier said bridges and ferries had been au j thorised before the passage ot the resolution or not. They have also «inti-gaming laws—and they have ! extended the act of Nov. Gth, 1822, which prohibits -c > Y ! ' 1 , ca ™ 8 ,,ndor l erU]m S [ Wr,fied penalties, so to loilml all persons from gaining at dice, roulette, or thimbles, under the same penalties as are preserib ed for gaming at cards, licitude naturally felt in the delegation of important public trusts. It is the right of the citizen freely and actively to take his post according to the dictates of his judgment. The election over, and the result known, he who has the majority is entitled to be honored and respected as the peo ple's choice, and to be supported in his efforts faithfully to ful fil and discharge his duties. Such a season lias just passed, and furnished a new evidence of the stability and excellence of our form of government.— If, in its progress, there has been more than usual warmth, it is now at an end. The question which caused it is decided._ Every good citizen will acquiesce in the decision, and every public functionary, governed by the same motive which influ •ed him to abstain from embarking his official character in the contest, while it. is going on, will find himself placed in no new position, but maintaining the relation to the high officer elected, which the constitution creates, and ready, allotted sphere, cordially to co-operate with him for the com mon good. To the eminent citizen who has been placed by the voice of his fellow-citizens in the highest post, it would be our pleasure, it permitted, to express our acknowledgments for the many and great services lie has rendered to try, and our fullest confidence in his exalted patriotism. Of the President whom they have elected we can truly say, that we hope and trust that his administration will redound to the public honor and welfare, and will be glad to be able to tribute to such a result. It will give me pleasure, at all times to co-operate with you in doing whatever may contribute to sustain the rights, and promote the happiness of our fellow-citizens, and advance the honor and prosperity of our common country. if bin his our coun to con J. ANDW. SIIULZE. THE CHEROKEE COUNCIL. Richmond , Nov. 28. Tt is nmtisimr to read the Proceedings of the (U cnil Council of the Cherokee Notion. They hovel adopted mod of our legal and paiTtnlimitary terms— though toe scale to which they are brought down is so j sinnil and original, that the contrast appears ludicrous 0,1 1«!* I I hus on the 8th inst. they had .a " bill on the Judi-1 ty cinn ano it provides for the establishment of on«' j J he salary of each P of in ri They have of course the in They treat Win. Robinson rightly for his dissolute ; behaviour. This guy Lothario prays to be restored to all the rights and privileges possessed by other white men by marriage. The Committee unanimously re ject his petition, upon the ground that he lawfully married , hud two or three other white wives , and had left them all without being divorced ! was never Compiler. lilt, the 15 21 7 10 HISTORICAL FACT.—Mr J. Taygnrt was elect ed a Senator from the County of Columbiana to the second General Assembly of the State of Ohio. lie appeared and made the necessary oaths, and took his seat. In a few days he became melancholy which soon progressed to insanity. In his insane ravings he disclosed that he was not thirty years of age when he took the oaths of olliee and his seat ; and that his conscience upbraided him with the commission of perjury, in taking an oath to support the constitution, and at the same moment taking a seat in violation of its provisions. From this insanity he never recovered, and survived its commencement but a few months. Cincinnati Gazette . MARBLES. A correspondent of the London Mechanics* Magazine, quires into the nature of the composition, if it is a compose lion, of the common marbles which boys play with, v'cry commonly received notion, that such marbles, as they are termed, are actually stones picked up on a shingly beach, and placed in loose bags securely to the arms of wind mill sails in Holland, where, by the constant rotary motion of the sails, the stones obtain, by this attrition,the perfect spherical form, in which they are sold as Dutch toys. Some assert that the white ones, which the boys term alleys and basses, are actually marble, and turned in a lathe. Others suppose they are made of clay, and baked as brick; but they require a blow to fracture them greater than any English pottery brick could bear. They are, besides, impervious to water, without being glazed; which no bricks are, that I ever saw, modern duys. The Encyclopaedias allord no information on the subject. en It is a o Miss Edgwnrth gives the followingdcscription of the mode of making marbles. " First' they cut certain sort of stone into bits of anÿ irregular shapes, no matter what, nearly the size of a com mon marble. These they throw into an iron mill, in which there are a number of partitions, and to each partition strong rasps are fixed, in a slanting direction: the mill is turned by water and is turned with great swiftness; the rubbing of tbo stones against the rough rasps and against each other, rounds them, and by degrees smooths and polishes them, in the same manner as the gravel becomes rounded in the bed of tbo riv er. When they are formed to the proper shape, they fall through circular holes, made in the bottom of the mill of the right size to let them through. From Nuremburg, the town where they are made, they are brought clown the river Rhine to Rotterdam, and thence sent all over Europe, to all coun tries and places where boys play at marbles." The circular brick Tower erected by the Pliœnix Company for making' shot, at the corner of Front and. j Pitt streets, has readied the intended elevation, being two hundred and thirty-four feet, three inches high, I from the pavement. ty feet, and nt the top twenty, j wall is ten feet thick at the bottom, and six at the lop. The brick work, which commences at the surface, is live feet and a half thick, of which thickness it. con tinues for the bight of nearly fifty feet : when it di- • P in idles four inches in every story, being twenty in ches thick at the top of the parapet, three feet in height, which crowns the summit. This huge structure, which is an excellent piece of brick-work, was com menced on the 2nd of June, and finished on the 25th of November, and was built without scaffolding. The parapet at the top is white, and somewhat resembles in its appearance a mural crown ; and as the tower is well proportioned, the whole edifice is an ornamental feature in the prospect of the city.— Balt. Amer. Its diameter at the bottom is for The stone foundation American Tin. —Professor Hitchcock, of Amherst, has obtained, from a hitherto unknown kind of ore found at Goshen in this state, globules of well char acterised metallic Tin. It corresponds exactly with the genuine English tin, and no difference was found in the results of different experiments. It is said tin has not before been found in the United States, though diligently sought after ; and in this instance, the pro fessor has but a single specimen, .which very exactly re sembles the tin ore of Bohemia.— Boston Traveller. The New York National Advocate contains letters from practical men, recommending, in the highest terms, the steel manufactured by the Eagle company; it is said to bo 15 per cent, cheaper than the imported article of the same quality. f The ship Rambler arrived at Tarpaulin Cove, on the 20th lilt, from the Pacific, with a cargo of 2000 barrels of oil. The Rambler reports, that between the first of January and the time of her departure, there arrived at Oahu, 15 ships belonging to New Bedford, containing 21 ships belonging to Nantucket, with 7 belonging to other eastern ports, 10 belonging to London, And the Rambler, fibh Oil. 13440 20:30 4470 8650 2000 bbls. 48,690 Some Oranges received in Boston, in about eight days from the trees in St Augustine, are the largest and finest in appearance we recollect ever to have scon, and of m Making scellent davor. — Palladium.