occupied, for I have probably gained one, by neglect
ing every thing else, and rapidly glancing over the
contents of your packet,
them to ascertain that they are precious materials foi
an interesting and edifying account of the excellent,
and indeed, the admirable young man deceased. It
will, however, he no easy matter to make the best ol
them. If my friend can heat his furnace seven fold,
thev may come out like tin.' gold seven times passée
through the fire ; and though but a seventh part 01
their original bulk, yet more valuable in the propor
tion of seventy times seven ; and I hope that though
what is to be done now, ought to have been done two
as Sunimerfield was not a man of even
have seen enough ot
day, there is yet fire enough in his ashes to kindle a
flame that will he much longer lived than himself.
P. S. I believe I may now pledge myself from what
I have seen to-day of Summerfield, to give the vol
ume, when it appears, mv hearty commendation and
good wishes in the way which I hinted before."
Under these circumstances, we feel no hesitation in
promising the public a valuable addition itt the depart
ment of Christian biography. We await its appear
ance with solicitude.—.V. Y. Com. Adc.
Twentieth Congress . Second Session.
Thursday, February 5.
Xhe Senate proceeded to the consideration of Executive
business, and sat with closed doors until half past three o'
clock ; when they adjourned to Monday.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Mr Mercer , from the Committee on Roads and Canals, re
ported a bill authorising a subscription to the stock of the
Chesapeake and Delaware Canal Company ; which was read
the first and second time, and committed to the Committee of
the Whole House on the state of the Union.
printing of 6000 copies of the Report made in the Senate on
the opening and transportation of the mail on
coming up as the unfinished business of yesterday morning,
Mr Weems concluded his remarks in support of the resolu
tion : an amendment which he offered, going to order the
printing of a like number of the report on that subject made
declared to be out of order,
ed yesterday, by Mr Ramsay , for the
in this House,
resolution to the same efibet lay upon the table.
On motion of Mr Weems, the resolution was then laid up
on the table.
In the proceedings on Friday , Saturday, and Monday,
we observe nothing worth extracting.
Tuesday, February 10.
Mr J\ m oble presented a joint resolution of the Legislature
of the State of Indiana, recommending the American Coloni
zation Society to the patronage of Congress.
Mr Smith , of South Carolina, offered the protest of that
State through its Senators, against the Taritf Laws.
After some remarks by Messrs Smith , Huy ne, and Dicker
son , the protest was ordered to be printed.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
Twelve o'clock this day having been fixed by resolution as
the time at which the House would go into an election of
Printer, the Speaker called up the resolution to that effect
—which having been read at the Clerk's table, together with
the rule of order
Mr Miller nominated Duff Green, and
Mr Mallary nominated Gules nnd Season
The ballots were then collected by the Seargcant-at-Arms,
and Messrs Miller and Mulla* y , were appointed Tellers.
Having counted the votes, they reported, that the whole
number of votes taken was 208. of which 105 w
rv to a choice ; and that the vote stood—
For Duff Green, -
Gales & Seaton, -
Edward de Krafft, -
Ainos Kendal, - -
1). S. Carr, -
Blanks, - - - -
So Duff Green w as declared to be duly elected Printer to
the House of Representatives for the next Congress.
Wednesday, February 11.
Mr Chambers , from the Select Committee, to whom were
teferred »he several petitions on the subject of French spolia
tions, made a report, accompanied by a bill, to provide for
the sitisfaction of claims due to certain American citizens,
for apoliat ons committed on the commerce prior to the year
1800; which passed to a second reading.
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
A» 12 o'clock, the Speaker announced the special order of
the subject —
the day, which wan the opening and counting the votes»for
President and Vice President of the United States.
Mr P. P. Barbour moved that the Clerk announce to the
Senate that the House was ready, on its part, to proceed to
The motion being agreed to—
The Clerk left the House, and seats having been prepared
tor the Senate in the vacant space in front of the Clerk's
They soon after entered the Hall, with the Vice President
at their head, preceded by the Secretary and Sergeant-at
Arms of the Senate, and were received at the door and con
ducted to their seats by the Scrgeant-at-Arms of the House
of Representatives, the Members being uncovered, and rising
in their places.
When the Senators had taken the seats assigned them, and
the Vice President had seated himself at the right hand of
Tiie Tellers, viz: on the part of the Senate, Mr Tazewell ,
and, on the part of the House, Messrs P. P. Barbour and
Van Rensselaer , took their places at the Clerk 'b table.
The Vice President then, having before him the packets
from the several States, took up those from the State of
Maine, and, announcing to the Senators and Representatives
that those packets had been certified, by the Delegation from
Maine, to contain the votes of that State for President and
Vice President, proceeded to break the seals, and then han
ded over the packets to the Tellers, who opened and read
them at length.
The same process vva9 repeated, until all the packets had
been opened and read; when,
Mr Tazewell, retiring to some distance from the Chair,
proclaimed the following result*
Andrew Jackson , of Tennessee,
John Quincy Adams , of Massachusetts,
through the post office,
Mr Hamilton then moved the following resolution :
Resolved, That a Committee be appointed, on the part of
the House of Representatives of the U. S. to notify AN
DRKW JACKSON" of his election to the office of President
of the United States for the ensuing term of four veers : and
that the Speaker of this House cause a similar notice io be
given to JOHN C. CALHOUN, of his election to the office
office President of the U. S. for the same term.
Mr P P Barbour preferred the appointment of a Joint
Committee of both Houses.
A desultory conversation ensued, anil precedents were re
ferred to for the election of former Presidents. But,
Mr Taylor having reminded the House that the same
Committee who had been appointed to designate the mode of
proceeding in the counting of the ballots, had also been as- j
signed the duty of pointing out the mode in which the result
of the election should be notified lo the successful candidates,
and had not yet performed the latter part of their duty—
Mr Hamilton withdrew his motion ; and, thereupon, the
copy by express, and
FOR VICE PRESIDENT.
John C. Calhoun , of South Carolina,
Richard Rush , of Pennsylvania,
Wm. Smith , of South Carolina,
The result of the Election was again read by the Vice
President, who, thereupon, said :
I therefore declare, that ANDREW JACKSON is duly
elected President of the United St a es for four years, from
the fourth dav of March next, und JOHN C. CALHOUN is
duly elected Vice President for the same period.
The Senate then retired.
At the annunciation of the result of the Election, a clap
ping took place in the gallery of the House ; whereupon, the
Speaker immediately ordered the Seigeunt-at-Arms to clear
Befoie the clearing of the galleries had been completed,
Mr Hamilton rose to make a motion to the House ; where
Mr Storrs said, that he rose to submit whether the House
would proceed with any business whatever, until the order of
the Chair for clearing the galleries was enforced
The Speaker thereupon repeated the order, and those who
Imguered vere ordered out by the Sergeant, and innnediate
rw, tue * ohimu.i Hapubhran. ! ntt.il m Hurt»,, v X
Church and State .— I he effort now making, bv pe
titions to Congress, by religions persons, to stop tin.
transportation of tlie mails on the Sabbath, is one of
the most bold and flagrant attempts ever vet made in
Cl. 1, 'j a, , - ,, j
till, country to connect Church and State, anti call
aloud upon every friend of relujrtous liberty and tndi
viilual rights to crush it in the bud. Under tile ails- !
Dices of what particular sect the subject has been !
brought forward we do not know ; but we fear there 1
are those among all sects who would, if they could,)
compel obedience lo their own peculiar dogmas and
opinions. Whenever Congress shall interfere, at the
instance of such persons, or of any portion of the re.
ligious community, to enforce an observance of the
Sabbath, we may justly anticipate all the evil conse
quences of a union between Church and State.
Government cannot interfere with the Church, and
the Church should let the Government alone.
If the attempt in regard to the transportation of the
mails should he successful, we may next hear of
titions against all travelling on the Sabbath or the
formance of any other than church duties from'tlic
rising to the going down of the sun on that day ; and
after a while objections will be made to particular
modes of worship, and some general national law pray
ed for prescribing the true church, and the hours of
worship for all sinners or unbelievers in the popular
faith. One innovation will certainly be followed lit
others. It cannot have been forgotten that our great
grand fathers in their excess of piety, forbade,
profane, all kissing among married people and ail
courtships between young persons on the Sabbath day,
and even went so far as to kill their cocks for crowing,
and to beat their beer barrels because the beer hap
pened to work on that day ; and interdicted by severe
penalties, the keeping of Christmas. The getters up
of the petitions are not, we are sure, generally aware
of the obvious impropriety of any attempt on the part
of the Church to control the civil arrangements and
functions of the Government. Some of the signers,
vve know, view the request as too unreasonable to ob
tain favor with Congress ; yet front complaisance they
have put their names down, relying upon the good
sense of the constituted authorities to save them from
an influence which they themselves could not resist.
\\ e respect the motives of those who are in earnest in
this business. They doubtless wish to reform the vi
ces and errors of the age ; but if the running of the
mail on the Sabbath day be our greatest sin, they
ought to rejoice that our case is no worse. In our
opinion the travelling of the mail on the Sabbath is
more excusable than travelling of almost any other
kind. The Divine injunction to keep holy the seventh
day is less infringed by it, than a variety of other
ways, which receive no reprehension from the clergy.
On this subject the N. Y. Statesman remarks :
" By the spirit of our institutions, religion is consider
ed a duty between man and his God ; and no connex
ion, however slight, between Church and State, is re
cognized by the Constitution. Any attempt on the
part of government to regulate ecclesiastical affairs
would he an alarming and dangerous innovation
that any legislative body, whether municipal or nation
al, can legitimately do, is to protect the various religi
ous sects in the rights of conscience und in the untlis
tin bed pet forma nee oi public worship. Such i
design of local statutes to prevent unnecessary travell
ing or any gross violation of the Sabbath. It is not
understood in the present case, that the memorialists
......... l.,;„ „*• ... i . . ■ f
^'."l' 1 "'? an > »"'Icstation in the discharge of re
ll - lmls <U|,I0S : but a zeal prompts a wish to regulate
the consciences of one part of tile community accord
ing to their own scruples."
The dangerous and anti-republican tendency of
t,...;.l ,;. ,, .. .. ' , ,, , , ' •
" e } >] on al1 lnn , tt f rs ' ,,at *' e " holly and exclusive
: * H, tucrn nu 11 îl, *d his Maker* is placed in a strong
bgllt, ill the following extracts front " a memorial and
remonstrance to the legislature of Virginia, on the re
ligious rights of
man ; written in 1784-5. at the re
quest of the religious society of Baptists in that state"
—by James Madison.
" We hold it for a " fundamental and undeniable truth,"
that religion, or the duty which we owe to our Creator, and
,he manner of discharging it, can he directed only by reason
and conviction, not bv force or violence. The religion, then,
of «very man, must be left to the conviction and conscience
of c ' er - v man ! al 'd it is the right of every man to exercise it
îuiTLr This right is, in its nature, an unahen
able right. It is unalienable, because the opinions of men,
depending only on the evidence contemplated in their own
minds, cannot follow the dictates of other men: it is unalten
ablo > als0 ' because what is here a right towards mao, is a
,<u ' ar(l9 lhe Creator. It is the duty of every man to
JH» acre ^Tlè^o him l '° maeC ' and »»«A onty, as he behoves
°If religim.VexempTfrom the authority of th. society at
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