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Nor have we been wanting in attention to our British breth- |
ren. We have warned them, from time to time, of attempts made by their legislature, to extend an unwarrantable juris We have reminded them of the circumstan- i ces of our emigration and settlement here. We have appeal- j ed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have con- j jured them, by the tie9 of our common kindred, to disavow ■ these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our con-j nexions and correspondence. They, too, have been deaf to I the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, there fore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our separa tion, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind—enemies in war; in peace friends. 4 We. therefore, the Representatives of the United States of America, in general congress assembled, appealing to the Su preme Judge of the world, for (tie rectitude of our inten tions, DO, in the name and by the authority of the good peo ple of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, that t United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free, Independent States; that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connexion, be tween them and the state of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved, and that as free and independent ■TATES, they have full power to levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes, and our sacred honor. Signed, by order and in behalf of the congress, JOHN HANCOCK, President. diction over us. ' a a w îesc and The eighth day of August next will be the centen nary anniversary of the foundation of the City of Bal On the eighth day of August, 1729, the TIMORE. original law for laying out a village, which was the foundation of the present City of Baltimore, was pas sed bv the Assembly of this State. As it may be unknown to many of our readers, wc give it to them from the original edition of the Laws of the State : •• At a Session of Assembly, begun and held at the City of Annapolis, in the County of Anne Arundel, for the Province of Maryland, on ihe 10th day of July, in the fifteenth year of the dominion of the Right Honorable CHARLES, abso lute Lord, and Proprietary of tho Province of Maryland, and Avelon, Lord Btron of Baltimore, &c. and ended the 8th of August, Anno Domini, 1729, were enacted the following Uoa: Benedict Leonard Calvert, Esq. Governor: CHAP XII. '< An act for-erecting a town on the North side of Patapseo, in Baltimore county, and for laying out in lots sixty acres of land in and about the place where one John Flemming now lives." The details of the act contain the usual provisions for laving out a town, which the sixth section provides shall be called "Baltimore Town." Such was the origin of this city : its history and pro gress have perhaps been more remarkable than any other city in the United States. Up to the year 1752, it continued to be a small village, with a population of not more than 350 souls—now it is the third city in the Union in point of population, and we will not admit ourselves second to any in honest industry, bold enter prize, love of country, and attachment to the pure prin ciples of Republican Government. Ball. Chronicle. --♦«©O— From the Philadelphia Aurora. We have received several pages of Buckingham's Argus, issued in London, as a specimen of a paper to be published, and post dated several years. It is full of keen satire, cut ting right and left at the prominent 44 characters and follies of the day." The following is a sample: Coroner's Inquest —Saturday. Death from Starvation.—Melancholy Event .—Mr Tho mas, the Coroner, this day held an inquest on the bodies of rats, found dead in Lord Elden's larder. nine mice and The bodies exhibited a melancholy specimen of emaciation, too horrible to present to our readers; suffice it to say that the bones protruded through the skin of the unfortunute ani mals in a more disgusting fashion than those of Claude Am brose Seurat, the Anatomic Vivante. The house-steward of the noble Earl being sworn, said, that he had heard most melancholy noises in the larder for some time past. For the last three weeks he knew of nothing being deposited there but an ounce or two of cold pork, and now and again half a sprat. On opening ihe door of the iurder, a few days ago, we was surprised .it hearing the noises repeated; nor was his surprise lessoned at finding the mice quite tame, from hunger, as lie supposes. The witness, on bong questioned, said, that lie saw the fears trickle down the cheeks of a very old rat, whose body he now identified, and he expressed his opinion | that its death was caused by starvation. The Jury, after consultation, returned a verdict of, * Died from starvation in Lord Eldcn's larder. Deodand on the larder, eleven ahil i lings.' When the latter part of the verdict was recorded, the j steward said it, would prove wholly ineffective; for, as long as j he had known the larder, a period of thirty years, there was ■ never five shillings' worth of any thing in it. The Jury and Coroner smiled at the observation, but said the law must take I its course. , t We found the following sketch of a militia training among our stray papers—and present it to the public,as it wa^writ* ten about two yeurs ago. The scone is laid in one of the southern states, as it was then, inflamed by party animosity, and the soil of orators of all ranks and opinions. Baltimore Emerald. PRESENTING A STANDARD. "Those gallam souls who shoulder guns, A tut twice a year go oui a-t raining.*' It was os fair a morning ns one would wish to behold; when, obeying the call of the rolling drum, captain Blinn (better known to the public as orator, and lawfully elected a mem ber of the legislature) marched with measured step to the muster-ground, having a clean buck-tail stuck in his hat, and a woollen sash lied round his body» whereby was suspended a large cut-and-thrust sword, which, from its venerable and weighty appearance, might have been the very same weapon which Goliah drew upon the heroic David—but it was not. On his right shoulder lay a knot of plastered yellow cotton, w hielt passed for an epaulette of a commissioned officer, for such was he who had almost "filled up the measure of his country's glory." " Shoulder arms!'* exclaimed the double-lunged comman der, and a general confusion ensued among the broomsticks and corn-stalks. 44 Right face," 44 Keep off on my heels," says one— 44 1 reckon you don't know your right from your left,'' saysnnother. "You lie!" exclaims a third—"Silence!" thunders Barney Blinn, (instruments tune) Bas9 drum bank! —snare-drum, rub-a-dub ! Fife, tootle-lootle —bugle, terrata taita ! 44 Quick time, forward march!"—Music strikes up— "Come all ye bold Virginians, I'll have you for to know; - That for to fight the enemy. We're going for to go!" 44 Take cave to wheel to the right—march!—Forred march! Trail arms. Shoulder arms. By files to the front, form pla toons—inarch!" Thus they proceeded higglcdy piggledy, one tumbling over the other, until they arrived at squire Dodd's, whore they were greeted by the loud cheering of a legion of raged little urchins, who rushed out of school in spite of the threatening shake of ^heir old pedagogue's hickory switch. But what inspired the warriors most, and brought the glow of conscious pride in their leather countenances, were the smiles of a band of fair spectators, who stood crammed together in the win dows, and under the piaz/a, which stretched along the front of the squire's house. A nod from the gallunt captain suf ficed as a hint, and the military band struck up the fashion able uir of 44 Polly put the kettle on," in compliment to the ladies, who giggled, and as a grateful return, waved their handkerchiefs and kissed their hands to the brave defenders of the fair. 44 Halt!—front—left, no—right dress!—back there, back; heads up—eyes right—steady—now front—Order arms!" A bucket of whiskey now went its merry round; much to the encouragement of home manufactures , for no man fell short of a half-pint, the usual guage of a backwoodsman who knows the true use of his gullet. Fallstaif was a fool to either of them, for his leather-lined paunch seldom knew auy thing stronger than sack, theirs were proof against the action of modern whiskey. When the best part of the day's sport was over, tho troops were again called to order, and what few rifles there were among them, proved by their unsteadiness that their bearers had lost the best part of their understanding , though they had tuken in an additional quantity of new spirit. At the roll of the drum, a fine, plump country lass stepped snoaking ly from the crowd of damsels, bearing a standard, or rather a yard or two of white homespun, with a turkey buzzard sur rounded by thirteen black lustres worked in the centre (doubtless intended for the American eagle and the thirteen stars:) over the whole, in blazing letters of broad cloth was worked the motto " Georgia and state rights." The abashed damsel ( who, but for her blushes, would have borne a fine sçinblance to Joan d'Arc, when that inspired heroine stood with her country's banner upon the battlements of Orleans;) after passing her arm twice or thrice along the under part of her nose, and snivelling a little to give interest to her appearance, held the banner out, and spoke as follows — 44 Gentlemen: thifc here flag, which is W'orked by the girls of our school, I now hand over to you. It possibly may hap pen, that some on these days you may be called into service, io fight for the rights on your own state, and all we've got to ax you is, that you wo'nt disgrace it by running from your inunies." Captain Blinn stepped in front of the ranks, and, with the air of one who is aw'are of knowing something about such matters, saluted the fair donor with three several flourishes of his sword, and a low congeo. After taking the standard, and of of a charging his mouth with a new quid, he thus addresaed in behalf of his associates. " We accept of this 'ere flag ma'am, from you and the other gals with genervine old contU nental feelings provading o'er breasts: and I reckon there'i not a feller amongst us that would not die to defend it h there, my boys? (No-no) We are all politics now-a-days! and these 'ere is pretty ticklish times; but the devoice on this 'ere color shall bring to mind the preiogatives of our state, and of the duty we owe Koskiasko, Pulaski, De Kalb and the rest of our forefathers who bled and died for the invisible rights of Ameriky. Has Georgia not cause to "stand by her arms?" —Is she not consulted; invested of her territories, and tramp, led down upon under the feet of Gin'ral Goverhment and the men of the coalition ? Is she not held up to contrision; and as Jack Spear says, do they not bite their thumbs in scorn* —Yes, ma'am, but we're the boys for defending sfate-righti, and. Creek or Cherokee, or any other of the Ariimalgertna tion party shall not make us budge an inch. (Loud cheering) My constitutes have elected me to the Leguslatur; they know that I'm rail Oppositionen and therefore have alliance in my integrity, for no miuisteration man is to be impended upon: therefore, I will say that all who march under thi- dug thott be for Jackson, or may I be d—d, if I'll take it! May he you dont know what corruptions doings are going on to injure our canderdate, who is fattically called the Cincy Natty, (lint being the name of u brave Cherokee chief, who died of eat. ing wild parsnips) They say that be killed six militia men, and served them up at an electioneering barbecue—dial lie shot a man in cool blood; that ho traduced the affection, of his wife from another man, and ao forth—hut it's a lie, and I'm muscle and bone for the feller that says it is'nt !—Ami, who are them that supports the ministeration ?—Their deeds will give you an answer. They have forgered letters—they have fredricated lies—tlioy have bribed nenspnpeie (ilie »rai des of public depinion)—they are constituting and tsrrify ng a woollen's bill, which will cxcrimiliatu southern trade; iliey are shaking hands with tho niggers of the territory of Hayti, and aiding and abbettening the English in making ihe Creeks as corruptions as themselves. They are leagued with one Colonel Trade, a rank Hartford conventioner—they are play, ing billiards—they are eating public dinners; wasting public pens, ink and paper; and travelling in slage-coachos! Whom here that will any these e're doings is not ignommiou?? (Loud shouts) Hurrah! my boys!—^orgians is pluck—down with the ministeration—up with old Cincy Natty—ready aim; fire!" No sooner wsa the word given than the instruments of bang—whiz—boom—which har instrumental bang—rub-a-dub— tootle-lootle—and—!emato-ta-la, while the company scar.. pered off the field. nor death answered with a pop— moniouslv blended with the Pine Apples and Melons. —The Horticultural .Soci ety of Edinburgh have lately awarded a prize to Col* >nel Patterson's gardener at Uufaiioquhie, lor some line fruit of this description produced hv means of 5 team. The pit in which they were raised is contri ved in a very ingenious manner to obviate tho incon venience of too rapid changes of temperature which ire sometimes felt when s:earn is applied in hot hous es. In this case the chamber in which the vapour is collected for supplying the bottom hc.it, instead ol be ing empty, and on that account quickly heated and quickly cooled, is filled with small round stones, which absorb the heat as it is produced, giving it out gradu ally and retaining it long ; producing, by application of the steam for an hour r.nd a half in the evening on equable heat through the whole of the night and next day. The steum is distributed through this chamber by means of a cast-metal tube, perforated at certain distane.es : and it may also he admitted at pleasure amongst the plants above, by means of tubes with moveable caps communicating with the same reeèpta The idea is, we believe, due to Mr John Hay,of cie. Edinburgh ; but Colonel Patterson is the first ama tuer who has carried it into practice. The beauty ot the fruit, and the neatness of the whole apparatus (^o different from the usual appearance of melon frames) seem to point it out as one of the most eligible modes yet discovered for securing to this country the produc tions of the tropics .—Fife Herald. The effects of disappointed love have been sung by poet«, described by physicians, and deplored by moralists. A roman tic incident occurred on one of the isles of Scotland, wine became the subject of judicial instigation. The plougnnM became deeply enamoured with tyje charms of the 'i of course rosy and fair, of a wealthy farmer. His address« were rejected, and the disappointed swain, full of n»el*nc o y . and vengeance, procured a sirong cord, and went out to 1 barn, and tied all the cows' tails together. The of the poor animnls disturbed the whole neighborhood. ' offender was airested and carried betöre the magistrate, whom he was sentenced to a fine for his cruel revenge* to bo imprisoned till payment. /fat.