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Nor let it be supposed that there was any thing peurile in this,
for in him, every thing, even to the major part of his most tri flmg actions, tended to a great purpose. For this reason, on his return to Moscow, he went to the master of the forge, snd inquired what he paid his workmen. • Well, then,' said he ' I, at that rate, have earned eight alkins, (about thirteen pence) and I am come for the money." Having received it, he added, that, * with that sum he would buy for himself a pair of shoes,' of which he was in great want. This was ve ry true; and he then hastened to the market to muke his pur chase, which he afterwards felt a pleasure in wearing. ' See what I have earned by the sweat of my brow,' said he to his cour tjers_thus priding himself on the fruits of his labor, in the eyes of a nobility whom he wished to cure of the Orien tal and haughty indolence with which they were imbued." A great man, who thus exposed the weak points of his char acter, should be content to be thought vain of his greatness, since he considered it able to afford such concessions to his puerilities. Count de Segur, whose capacity for estimating the qualities of a civil and military governor is not very large ly developed, sums up the merits and defects of his idol in these words— " Historians of the nineteenth century, while we detest the violent acts of this prince, why should we bo astonished at his despotism ? Who was there who could then teach him, that to be truly liberal or moral is the same thing. Bip of what consequence is it that he was ignorant that morality calls for the establishment of liberty, as being the best possible of securing the general welfare ? All that he did for that welfare, or in other words, for the glory, the instruction, and the prosperity of his empire, was it not beneficial to that liberty, of which neither himself nor his people were yet wor thy? Thus, without being aware of it, Peter the Great did more for liberty than all the dreams of liberalism have since fancied that he ought to have done. His people are indebted to him for their great and most difficult step towards emanci pation. What matters, then, his abhorrence of the word, when he laborod so much for the thing ? Since despotism was necessary there, how could he better employ it ? " If he carried matters too far—if he often deemed it j.tst to inflict on hie eneinios all the evil which they wished to him, snd to treat his country like u conquest in order to conquer it to civilization—in a word, if he overcame in his Russians their barbarous runners, by dint of the barbarism which si ill re mained in himself—tU'e fault must be atlributed to his educa tion, to ibe age in which he lived, and to the circumstance of a degree of pow er being requisite there, which has never baen found to exist in man without being pushed to excess. "It was in this hyperborean land, where a freezing tempe rature is adverse to social intercourse, by confining each indi vidual within his own limits; in those humid and cold regions, where every kind of strength and superiority seems as though it ought to exert itself only to escape from them, to conquer a milder climate, under a distant sky, it was here that this citizen despot, so familiar, so accessible, so enamored of truth, full of the pride of noble actions—snd endowed with admira ble sagacity, with boundless zeal, and with sleepless activity, devoted himself in order to transform this barbarous and des alting nature into an enlightened and productive nature." If one sentiment in this estimate be true—that he contrib uted to liberty without being aware of it, or worthy of parti cipating its results—then the eulogist of Peter the Great has taken a great deal of trouble to no purpose. mi English Publication. From the Geor'-ia Statesman, Slay 23. METEORIC EXPLOSION. That atmospheric concretions of stony and metal line substances of a frightful bulk have frequently dasliâ'l upon the earth's surface from some superior ,c 8'i°n is a fact which rests upon as good authority as human testimony and the evidence of afford. our senses can These phenomena happen as well when the atmosphere is apparently serene as when it is cloudy. 1 here is first seen, usually a black floating mass, com tag with immense velocity 'through the air, as if a winged messenger, palled in the dunpest smoke of Hades, had issued through some volcano's crater, black with uncommon wrath, and was flying astride a thun derbolt, on some errand of desolation, when an explo sion, sometimes in successive peak, like that of dis tant artillery, astounds the ear, and long belching rud lations of fire are seen issuing in every direction from the dense volume that marks its way. The explosion precipitates to the earth—sometimes upon buildings, ships at sea, and the heads of individuals, a red hot Material thunderbolt, hissing with molten fervor, and destroying whatever it falls upon, or penetrating the surface of the earth, according to its momentian from turn to six feet ! The arenaceous, feruginous, and metalline compo p.onents these aerolites, or burning masses, some times fall unaccreted, in the manner of hail or snow, more frequently in conglomerated masses, weigh •but ing from thirty to two hundred and fifty pounds.— These bodies have a peculiar aspect, and a peculiar combination of properties, differing from all the solid substances on the face of the globe. They have fal len from various points of the heavens, at all periods, in all seasons of the year, at all hours, both of the day and the night, also in all countries of the world, mountains and in plains, and without any particular relation to volcanos, and without any chemical identi ty with the matter which they disembogue. They composod chiefly of silecia, magnesia, iron and nick el, with their oxides and sulphurets ; giving to the whole mass the appearance of a pule ash-grey argilla ceous stone, with granulated metallic points, and is to common marble in weight about 4 to 3. Our attention is called to this subject by a most startling phenomenon of this sort which is said to have been witnessed on the eighth instant, near Forsyth) in Monroe county of this State. The evening was se rene, and a more than ordinary stillness prevailed in the air. There was no appearance of storm or of clouds that could produce even a momentary shower, when the fire-ball which we are going to describe was discovered. It was moving with immense velocity, involved in a mass of smoke that marked its flight, like an enormous shell from a mortar, emitting 0 audible hissing sound, resembling the ignition of ; ■in, and, in a few seconds, exploded, like a shock of thunder, and fell to the earth, about one mile from Forsyth, in Mr Uriah Dunn's field, where his overseer and servants were at work. Though considerably alarmed at first, they ventured to the spot denoted by the breach it had made through the surface, and, af ter turning up the earth about two feet in depth, they came upon the stone that bail fallen, about the size of a child's head, and weighing thirty-six pounds ! The exterior of the stone was covered with a black and fejuginous incrustation, run so equally over the whole as showed that it must have been in a state of fusion. On breaking the mass, its internal structure closely resembled alitftist every other meteoric stone that we have seen ; having the usual characteristics of color and grain, except that it was slightly speckled with a yellowish substance, with a larger proportion of nick el perhaps in tilts composition than is usual. The fragment which we have examined (now in our office,) abounds with brilliant metallic points, and is about 20 per cent, heavier than the celebrated Meteorite which fell in Weston, Conn, in 1807, and now in the cabinet of Minerals at Yale College. Its specific gravity is 4.14, allowing that of water tobe 1. The medium specific gravity of meteorites that have fallen in the last century is about 3.CO. The concussion produced k) the atmosphere by the great explosion which preceded the descent, of this stone was felt for some distance round, insomuch that the crockery and windows were sensibly affected. It is quite probable that several other portions of this stone fell in the same neighborhood, for there were several successive and lesser explosions before the mass reach ed the oarth. We learn that a fragment struck on a rock at a mill there, and was dashed into a thousand atoms. . There are doubtless many of our readers who have regarded as fabulous the idea of cast iron thunderbolts, and " hailstones of iron globes," or the more harmless irrigation of stony showers and metallic snows ; yet we assure them that all these things are strictly real. But how these meteoric concretions are formed in the atmosphere, by what laws they are sustained in motion, or how they came there at all, are unsettled questions even among the best theories of the terrestrial pheno mena. The French Academicians of the last century maintained that the stones in question resulted from a stroke of lightning on the spot in which they found ; others that they were belched from some ter restrial, and some from lunar volcanoes. The latter notion derived some countenance from the speculations of those celebrated mathematicians, La Place, Poisson, Hutton, and others, who have demonstrated the abstract proposition, that a heavy body, projected with a veloci ty of about 8,000 feet in a second, may be driven be yond the sphere of the moon's attraction irîto that of the earth. But we ace apt to think that an emetic to " ly oi an l ii.; ny my I the one but us, ed left or Not were produce this effect would burst the sides of the old ]» dy. Others again think, or profess to think, that these stones are merely the chips of the universe, that got st going when lie " who put these wheeling globes in mo tion wound up the vast machine," and that they have continued since that time to float through the infinity of space, but being drawn out of their proper course by some force of attraction, they at last impinged upon this planet, as they have upon others. One of the more modern and prevailing theories connects itself with the origin of the four small new planets, viz : Ceres, Pal las, Juno, and Vesta, that were first seen coursing around the sun between Mars and Jupiter, since 1801. The theory is, that these four little planets are the " fragments of another world," occupying a similar distance from the sun, but which has been riven into quarters by some great convulsion, and that, out of this convulsion, by its explosive force, there were projected, with very great velocity, a number of little fragments, and, being thrown beyond the attraction of the lar ger fragments, thus might fall towards the earth when Mars happened to be in the remote part of bis orbit. The central parts of the original planet being kept in a state of high compression by the superincum bent weight, and this compressing force being removed by the destruction of the body, a number of lesser frag ments might be detached from the larger masses by a force similar to the first. The fragments Will evident ly be thrown off with the greatest velocity, and will always be separated from those parts which formed the central portions of the primitive planet. When the portions which are thus detatched arrive within the sphere of the earth V attraction, they may revolve round that body at different distances, and may fall upon its surface in consequence of a diminution of their cen trifugal force ; or, being struck by the electric fluid, they may be precipitated on the earth, and exhibit all the«; phenomena which usually accompany the de scent of meteoric stones. These theories, which are, indeed, but problematical, comprise about all that is known as to the origin of meteoric stones ; and we .should have been more rea dily excused for not saying any thing than for having omitted to account, some manner, for their pheno m mena. From the New England Farmer. BOTTS IN HORSES. Mr Editor: Among the many good and useful things that are discovered and by you published, it would be strange if there were not some barely worth publishing, and some worse than nothing. Ambng the last, 1 think may be numbered ma ny of the recipes for killing botts in horses. Having from my youth been fond of a good horse, I have paid my atten tion to the animal; and have long since been fully convinced that it was folly to wage an open war with botts'in a horse's stomach, believing that there 1ms nothing yet been discovered that will kill them in the stomach without killing the horse._ I should almost as soon think of setting fire to tny barn to kill the rats and mieo. Many things, which you have heretofore published, I think good, such as bleeding to prevent inflamma tion. Yet, I think the most sure way is to keep the borse free from nits. Some years since I had a very valuable mare that was at tacked with bots, and to appearance, very far gone. I set the following trap for them, which more than answered my ex pectation. I took of bces-w ax, mutton tallow and loaf sugar, each eight ounces, put it into one quart <ff warm milk, and warmed until it was melted. Then put it into a bottle, and gave it just before the wax &c. began to harden. About two hours after gave physic. The effect was that the botts were discharged in large numbers, each piece of wax having from one to six or eight of them sticking to it, some by the°head, but most by their legs or hooks. The Criminal Law of England is so severe, that court and jury arc very often glad to let the prisoner escape upon technicalities, niceties, or quibbles. An instance of this is given in a London paper now before us, where it is stated that Henry Hepburne was indict ed for stealing a penknife. The article, when produ ced, appeared to be an instrument containing a pair of nail-scissors and a knife-blade. Mr Sergeant Arabin left it to the jury to say if it was a knife or not. The Jury said they (lid not know which to call it, a knife or a pair of scissors ; and, therefore, giving the pris oner the benefit of the doubt, returned a Verdict of Not Guilty.