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The Delaware register, or, Farmers', manufacturers' & mechanics' advocate. [volume] (Wilmington, Del.) 1828-1829, July 04, 1829, Image 3

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Nor let it be supposed that there was any thing peurile in this,
for in him, every thing, even to the major part of his most tri
flmg actions, tended to a great purpose. For this reason, on
his return to Moscow, he went to the master of the forge,
snd inquired what he paid his workmen. • Well, then,' said
he ' I, at that rate, have earned eight alkins, (about thirteen
pence) and I am come for the money." Having received it,
he added, that, * with that sum he would buy for himself a
pair of shoes,' of which he was in great want. This was ve
ry true; and he then hastened to the market to muke his pur
chase, which he afterwards felt a pleasure in wearing. ' See
what I have earned by the sweat of my brow,' said he to his
cour tjers_thus priding himself on the fruits of his labor, in
the eyes of a nobility whom he wished to cure of the Orien
tal and haughty indolence with which they were imbued."
A great man, who thus exposed the weak points of his char
acter, should be content to be thought vain of his greatness,
since he considered it able to afford such concessions to his
puerilities. Count de Segur, whose capacity for estimating
the qualities of a civil and military governor is not very large
ly developed, sums up the merits and defects of his idol in
these words—
" Historians of the nineteenth century, while we detest the
violent acts of this prince, why should we bo astonished at
his despotism ? Who was there who could then teach him,
that to be truly liberal or moral is the same thing. Bip of
what consequence is it that he was ignorant that morality calls
for the establishment of liberty, as being the best possible
of securing the general welfare ? All that he did for
that welfare, or in other words, for the glory, the instruction,
and the prosperity of his empire, was it not beneficial to that
liberty, of which neither himself nor his people were yet wor
thy? Thus, without being aware of it, Peter the Great did
more for liberty than all the dreams of liberalism have since
fancied that he ought to have done. His people are indebted
to him for their great and most difficult step towards emanci
pation. What matters, then, his abhorrence of the word,
when he laborod so much for the thing ? Since despotism was
necessary there, how could he better employ it ?
" If he carried matters too far—if he often deemed it j.tst
to inflict on hie eneinios all the evil which they wished to him,
snd to treat his country like u conquest in order to conquer it
to civilization—in a word, if he overcame in his Russians their
barbarous runners, by dint of the barbarism which si ill re
mained in himself—tU'e fault must be atlributed to his educa
tion, to ibe age in which he lived, and to the circumstance of
a degree of pow er being requisite there, which has never baen
found to exist in man without being pushed to excess.
"It was in this hyperborean land, where a freezing tempe
rature is adverse to social intercourse, by confining each indi
vidual within his own limits; in those humid and cold regions,
where every kind of strength and superiority seems as though
it ought to exert itself only to escape from them, to conquer
a milder climate, under a distant sky, it was here that this
citizen despot, so familiar, so accessible, so enamored of truth,
full of the pride of noble actions—snd endowed with admira
ble sagacity, with boundless zeal, and with sleepless activity,
devoted himself in order to transform this barbarous and des
alting nature into an enlightened and productive nature."
If one sentiment in this estimate be true—that he contrib
uted to liberty without being aware of it, or worthy of parti
cipating its results—then the eulogist of Peter the Great has
taken a great deal of trouble to no purpose.
mi
English Publication.
From the Geor'-ia Statesman, Slay 23.
METEORIC EXPLOSION.
That atmospheric concretions of stony and metal
line substances of a frightful bulk have frequently
dasliâ'l upon the earth's surface from some superior
,c 8'i°n is a fact which rests upon as good authority as
human testimony and the evidence of
afford.
our senses can
These phenomena happen as well when the
atmosphere is apparently serene as when it is cloudy.
1 here is first seen, usually a black floating mass, com
tag with immense velocity 'through the air, as if a
winged messenger, palled in the dunpest smoke of
Hades, had issued through some volcano's crater, black
with uncommon wrath, and was flying astride a thun
derbolt, on some errand of desolation, when an explo
sion, sometimes in successive peak, like that of dis
tant artillery, astounds the ear, and long belching rud
lations of fire are seen issuing in every direction from
the dense volume that marks its way. The explosion
precipitates to the earth—sometimes upon buildings,
ships at sea, and the heads of individuals, a red hot
Material thunderbolt, hissing with molten fervor, and
destroying whatever it falls upon, or penetrating the
surface of the earth, according to its momentian from
turn to six feet !
The arenaceous, feruginous, and metalline compo
p.onents these aerolites, or burning masses, some
times fall unaccreted, in the manner of hail or snow,
more frequently in conglomerated masses, weigh
•but
ing from thirty to two hundred and fifty pounds.—
These bodies have a peculiar aspect, and a peculiar
combination of properties, differing from all the solid
substances on the face of the globe. They have fal
len from various points of the heavens, at all periods,
in all seasons of the year, at all hours, both of the day
and the night, also in all countries of the world,
mountains and in plains, and without any particular
relation to volcanos, and without any chemical identi
ty with the matter which they disembogue. They
composod chiefly of silecia, magnesia, iron and nick
el, with their oxides and sulphurets ; giving to the
whole mass the appearance of a pule ash-grey argilla
ceous stone, with granulated metallic points, and is to
common marble in weight about 4 to 3.
Our attention is called to this subject by a most
startling phenomenon of this sort which is said to have
been witnessed on the eighth instant, near Forsyth) in
Monroe county of this State. The evening was se
rene, and a more than ordinary stillness prevailed in
the air. There was no appearance of storm or of
clouds that could produce even a momentary shower,
when the fire-ball which we are going to describe was
discovered. It was moving with immense velocity,
involved in a mass of smoke that marked its flight,
like an enormous shell from a mortar, emitting 0
audible hissing sound, resembling the ignition of ;
■in, and, in a few seconds, exploded, like a shock of
thunder, and fell to the earth, about one mile from
Forsyth, in Mr Uriah Dunn's field, where his overseer
and servants were at work. Though considerably
alarmed at first, they ventured to the spot denoted by
the breach it had made through the surface, and, af
ter turning up the earth about two feet in depth, they
came upon the stone that bail fallen, about the size of
a child's head, and weighing thirty-six pounds ! The
exterior of the stone was covered with a black and
fejuginous incrustation, run so equally over the whole
as showed that it must have been in a state of fusion.
On breaking the mass, its internal structure closely
resembled alitftist every other meteoric stone that we
have seen ; having the usual characteristics of color
and grain, except that it was slightly speckled with a
yellowish substance, with a larger proportion of nick
el perhaps in tilts composition than is usual. The
fragment which we have examined (now in our office,)
abounds with brilliant metallic points, and is about 20
per cent, heavier than the celebrated Meteorite which
fell in Weston, Conn, in 1807, and now in the cabinet
of Minerals at Yale College. Its specific gravity is
4.14, allowing that of water tobe 1. The medium
specific gravity of meteorites that have fallen in the
last century is about 3.CO.
The concussion produced k) the atmosphere by the
great explosion which preceded the descent, of this stone
was felt for some distance round, insomuch that the
crockery and windows were sensibly affected. It is
quite probable that several other portions of this stone
fell in the same neighborhood, for there were several
successive and lesser explosions before the mass reach
ed the oarth. We learn that a fragment struck on a
rock at a mill there, and was dashed into a thousand
atoms. .
There are doubtless many of our readers who have
regarded as fabulous the idea of cast iron thunderbolts,
and " hailstones of iron globes," or the more harmless
irrigation of stony showers and metallic snows ; yet
we assure them that all these things are strictly real.
But how these meteoric concretions are formed in the
atmosphere, by what laws they are sustained in motion,
or how they came there at all, are unsettled questions
even among the best theories of the terrestrial pheno
mena. The French Academicians of the last century
maintained that the stones in question resulted from a
stroke of lightning on the spot in which they
found ; others that they were belched from some ter
restrial, and some from lunar volcanoes. The latter
notion derived some countenance from the speculations
of those celebrated mathematicians, La Place, Poisson,
Hutton, and others, who have demonstrated the abstract
proposition, that a heavy body, projected with a veloci
ty of about 8,000 feet in a second, may be driven be
yond the sphere of the moon's attraction irîto that of
the earth. But we ace apt to think that an emetic to
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produce this effect would burst the sides of the old ]»
dy. Others again think, or profess to think, that these
stones are merely the chips of the universe, that got st
going when lie " who put these wheeling globes in mo
tion wound up the vast machine," and that they have
continued since that time to float through the infinity
of space, but being drawn out of their proper course
by some force of attraction, they at last impinged upon
this planet, as they have upon others. One of the more
modern and prevailing theories connects itself with the
origin of the four small new planets, viz : Ceres, Pal
las, Juno, and Vesta, that were first seen coursing
around the sun between Mars and Jupiter, since 1801.
The theory is, that these four little planets are the
" fragments of another world," occupying a similar
distance from the sun, but which has been riven into
quarters by some great convulsion, and that, out of this
convulsion, by its explosive force, there were projected,
with very great velocity, a number of little fragments,
and, being thrown beyond the attraction of the lar
ger fragments, thus might fall towards the earth
when Mars happened to be in the remote part of bis
orbit. The central parts of the original planet being
kept in a state of high compression by the superincum
bent weight, and this compressing force being removed
by the destruction of the body, a number of lesser frag
ments might be detached from the larger masses by a
force similar to the first. The fragments Will evident
ly be thrown off with the greatest velocity, and will
always be separated from those parts which formed the
central portions of the primitive planet. When the
portions which are thus detatched arrive within the
sphere of the earth V attraction, they may revolve round
that body at different distances, and may fall upon its
surface in consequence of a diminution of their cen
trifugal force ; or, being struck by the electric fluid,
they may be precipitated on the earth, and exhibit
all the«; phenomena which usually accompany the de
scent of meteoric stones.
These theories, which are, indeed, but problematical,
comprise about all that is known as to the origin of
meteoric stones ; and we .should have been more rea
dily excused for not saying any thing than for having
omitted to account,
some manner, for their pheno
m
mena.
From the New England Farmer.
BOTTS IN HORSES.
Mr Editor: Among the many good and useful things that
are discovered and by you published, it would be strange if
there were not some barely worth publishing, and some worse
than nothing. Ambng the last, 1 think may be numbered ma
ny of the recipes for killing botts in horses. Having from
my youth been fond of a good horse, I have paid my atten
tion to the animal; and have long since been fully convinced
that it was folly to wage an open war with botts'in a horse's
stomach, believing that there 1ms nothing yet been discovered
that will kill them in the stomach without killing the horse._
I should almost as soon think of setting fire to tny barn to kill
the rats and mieo. Many things, which you have heretofore
published, I think good, such as bleeding to prevent inflamma
tion. Yet, I think the most sure way is to keep the borse free
from nits.
Some years since I had a very valuable mare that was at
tacked with bots, and to appearance, very far gone. I set the
following trap for them, which more than answered my ex
pectation. I took of bces-w ax, mutton tallow and loaf sugar,
each eight ounces, put it into one quart <ff warm milk, and
warmed until it was melted. Then put it into a bottle, and
gave it just before the wax &c. began to harden. About two
hours after gave physic. The effect was that the botts were
discharged in large numbers, each piece of wax having from
one to six or eight of them sticking to it, some by the°head,
but most by their legs or hooks.
The Criminal Law of England is so severe, that
court and jury arc very often glad to let the prisoner
escape upon technicalities, niceties, or quibbles. An
instance of this is given in a London paper now before
us, where it is stated that Henry Hepburne was indict
ed for stealing a penknife. The article, when produ
ced, appeared to be an instrument containing a pair of
nail-scissors and a knife-blade. Mr Sergeant Arabin
left it to the jury to say if it was a knife or not. The
Jury said they (lid not know which to call it, a knife
or a pair of scissors ; and, therefore, giving the pris
oner the benefit of the doubt, returned a Verdict of
Not Guilty.

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