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From th< Ualumoie (Jamie.
LIBERIA. We have conversed with a very intelligent colored Clergyman, who left Baltimore two years ago for Af rica. He went to see for himself the situation of af fairs at Liberia, and to satisfy many of his friends here, who looked to his opinion, after an inspection of the ground, as the guide of theirs. On this account his return has, we understand, been some time anxiously expected by many very respectable colored people of this place ; and we were particularly desirous, from the interest which we take in the schemes of African Colonization, to hear his report. Ilis first words were entirely satisfactory. " 1 have come back [he snicl] for my wife and children ; and I am satisfied that Africa is the place for me and mine, and all others of my color, who will go there with common industry ami perseverauce. Nothing would induce me to re main in America." In reply to our questions, he then entered into such a detail of circumstances as fully justified his opinions and conduct. The mortal ity, he said, was comparatively trilling in most voya is— and could be traced very generally to the impru dence of the convalescents, who, anxious to be get ting forward, make excursions winch bring on a re lapse, a second and third, and sometimes even a fourth time, before it carries them oil'. In most instances care, when convalescing, will prevent mor l)r Randall's case, as he reported it to us— common tality. and he was one who nursed him through his illness— illustrates his idea, cent, weakness being all he had to contend with, af ; his first attack, and that was rapidly vanishing.— In this state, he saw the Government schooner aground He boardeil her, and remained on deck, with the waves occasionally breaking over him, and posed to the hottest beams of an African sun, from until eleven o'clock, A. M. The consequence Dr Randall was quite convales : ■! on the bar. ex seven was to have been foreseen ; be was taken home deliri ous with a stroke of the sun. valescent, and was gaining strength rapidly, when the Harriet arrived—contrary to the entreaties of all a round him, he insisted on superintending the debarka tion and location of the settlers—and another relapse the consequence of his unremitted labors—again he became convalescent, and was| doing well, when tiie Harriet's emigrants began to be taken down with the sickness, lie now broke from his immediate at tendants, who would have restrained him within the bounds of common prudence, and, borne on a chair supported on the arms of two men, insisted upon visiting and prescribing for the sick—a last and fatal attack was the consequence of these reiterations of imprudence. him. The spirit was too restless for the frame which it inhabited. Dr Mechlen, his Assistant, is in good health—because, although more affected, in the first instance, by the fever, he has taken care of himself, avoided unnecessary exposure, and pursued the advice of those who have experience of the climate. He again became con was or His own enthusiastic zeal destroyed AGRICULTURAL. the American Fanner. Fi WILD RICE. June 1( )th, 1829. Mr J. S. Skinner, Mr Darby, the Geographer, says " the most valua . ble vegetable production of Michigan, and the north west territories, is the wild Rice, (zinzia aquatica.)-— It grows abundantly in the marshes, ponds, lakes and rivers of these territories, and exists upon the streams and lakes, in a greater or less quantity from Louisan ia to the arctic circle." This is certainly a most valuable grain and richly deserving the most particular attention of the citizehs of the United States. One of its chief excellencies appears to he that it needs no cultivation, what we learn of the wild rice that grows on the shores of Lake Superior (and which we lake to be the same) it is probably not inferior to that which is cultivated in the southern States. It is most earnestly recommended to the notice of the citizens of the Atlantic States, residing on tide ly And from water, and on ponds and lakes, abounding in marsh. It is daily becoming an object of greater interest in domestic economy, and would be a happy exchange for the wild oats and other coarse grasses, which now form almost the only production of our marsh lands ; yielding nothing for the support of man, and affording but an indifferent hay for cattle. As it grows spontaneously " from Louisiana to the arctic circle," it must, of course, embrace all our latitudes, and would probably succeed.—In which case we should obtain without any other trouble than the mere labor of harvesting it, a crop rivalling, in quality and quantity, that which is now produced by a laborious and unhealthy cultivation in the Southern States. It would form a source of wealth to its own ers, little, if any inferior to the indigo, cotton and su gar of the South. A SUBSCRIBER. IMPROVING THE BREED OF CATTLE. Mr Feaflierstonhaugh, a distinguished farmer, in the State of New York, after a journey of fifteen hundred miles in the différent States, for the purpose of viewing the imported cat* tie, and to examine the method after which their owners keep them, as well as the condition of our native cattle, remarks, that in order to keep up the great qualities of the imported breeds, we must remember that in their native country it is considered indispensable to keep them extremely well, and in a •. cry different manner from the general custom prevailing here; which is, in summer to leave cattle to help themselves uo what they can find, even in the most severe drought; and in winter, to give them a moderate quantity of hay and straw. That in England, wjiere they are less troubled with dry weather than we are, they give them green crops and roots in abundance, and that if all this provident attention be necessary in that moist climate, it is certain the breed will degenerate with us if it is not kept in high condition. He observed that he was convinced that negligence was the uni versal cause of diseases, and that they ordinarily arise from too high feeding or too low. In one case, the digestive pow ers are embarrassed, in the other they are not sufficiently exercised, «nd in both the animal suffers; that animals, regu larly yet plentifully fed and well housed in winter are gene rally healthy. A*. Y. Farmer. Foul and Musty Casks .—It is a fact that butter tubs, which have become foul by use. can be easily cleansed by filling them with any kind of meal or bran and wa ter, and permit to stand till fermentation takes place— casks which have from any cause become filthy, may he cleansed in this way. And, inasmuch as this mix ture, after having performed this operation, becomes more suitable food for swine than before, there is no expense attending it. Vermont Journal. Salem, N. J. July 8. Warning to Drunkards .—A circumstance of a most shocking nature, of recent occurrence, has been confirmed to us, and the particulars so stated as to leave no doubt of the fact. Mr William Abbott, of intemperate habits, residing alone, and returning home at night with a jug of rum, is supposed to have set himself down with his jug on the hearth, and after gurgling sufficient to become insensible to everything, to have upset the jug, when the liquor flowed into the fire, and occasioned an explosion. The scene which the man next day presented, when about 10 o'clock, he arrived at a neighbor's but a short distance off and threw open a cloak he had wrapped around him was quite distressing—his clothes were entirely consumed off his body all round from the stomach downwards, and his flesh all roasted or burnt to a coal. On one side his ribs were left bare, and the small end of one had become detached from its socket. It is supposed that the fire was red. On examining the house, the floor was found burned through in several places, and blackened near ly all over, plainly indicating that he had been rolling about when afire.— Messenger. . extinguished by his rolling about, and that he then got up and covered himself up in bed, where he remained till the fumes of the rum had suf ficiently passed oil' to discover to him his doleful con dition. He then rose and drew round his cloak and made his way as above stated to his neighbors. He was insensible to pain except in his body about the extremity of where the fire reached. He lingered in extreme pain 48 hours, sensible to the last, and expi New York, July 9. Another destructive fire.—A. few minutes after 11 o'clock last evening, a fire broke out in the four story brick store. No. 28 South-street, on the west corner of Cuyler's Alley. The building was occupied by Messrs Davis & Brooks, com mission merchants, who had a large and valuable stock of merchandize on hand. The fire commenced in the third story, and it is the opinion of some that it was caused by the spon taneous combustion of wool. The fire raged with fury for some time, and about 12 o'clock the gable end of this build ing fell against the store of Messrs Tucker & Laurie on the opposite side, which was forcod in. At this moment a shud der was manifested by the crowd of lookers-on, aB it was known that almost the whole of Hook and Ladder Company, No. 1, were in the fourth loft of the store of Tucker & Laurie. The attention was now generally drawn from the fire to the sufferers, when it was found that those who sustain ed the most injury were Mr William B. Iiiso.sway, the inde fatigable foreman of Hook and Ladder No. 1, and Mr John Spier, a member of the same company. These gentlemen were drawn from beneath the ruins very much bruised and mangled. We are happy, however, to state that Mr Disos way is, this morning, considered out of danger, and that hopes are entertained that Mr Spier will recover. Among the others who were injured, are Mr- Sylvester Phillips, of Hook and Ladder No. 1; Mr Woods, of Engine No 12; Mr Saw yer, of Hook and Ladder No 4; Mr Giraud, of Engine No 4; Mr Anthony, one of the Engineers, and Alderman Cebra, of the first ward. The loss by the fire will be severely felt by some of ou» insurance companies. The store of Davis & Brooks is nearly destroyed, and the goods either all burnt, or much damaged by water. These gentlemen had an insurance of thirty thousand dollars on their stock, and four thousand oh the store. The store of Messrs Tucker & Laurie, we are in formed, was also insured. P. S. Since writing the above, we have conversed with the Chief Engineer, and several others who were at the fire. On the four-story ladder, when it slipped, were, Mr Francis Giraud, of No 4, conducting the pipe; he clung to the ladder until it reached the ground. He is severely injured. Below Mr Giraud stood Mr Willett, also belonging to No 4. When he found the ladder going, he sprang from it, and caught bold of the sill of the third story window, supporting himself by his hands, until another ladder was raised. At this time the fire was raging within the building, and the window sill was so warm as to burn his fingers : ho was, however, but slightly injured. The Chief Engineer was struck on the back by the ladder, but-not severely injured. Mr Conrad, Jun., printer, belonging to No 4, was in the garret of Tucker & Laurie's store, with ten others, when the gable was driven in. Mr C. sprang to the fall and seizing the rope, was letting himself down; but before he had reach od the second floor, he was knocked from it by another per son, who had fnllen through : they both fell and were much injured. Mr M'Donald of No 4, was slightly injured; Mr Oshorn, of No —, do; Mr Hcnigan, of No 7, do; Mr James Van Antwerp, do. We understand that Mr Spier was very ill at 1 o'clock. He was so completely covered with the rubbish, that only a part of one hand was seen after he fell. Washington, July 11.—We da not knowhow far an interest is yet felt by our readers in the case, now 1 before the Circuit Court of the United Statea,for this District, of the United States against the late Fourth Auditor of the Treasury. It appears to us, however, to be a duty to let them know, from time to time, what progress is made in a case, that presents an unusual number of difficult points of law, which the ingeni ous and able counsel on both sides contest with a zeal and pertinency seldom seen in our Courts. Yesterday the Chief Justice delivered the opinion of the Court upon the demurrer to two more of the indictments, (reserving one, yet undecided.) Of these two, the Court sustained the demurrer ft) the and overruled it as to (he other. ; in a is Com. Ado. one Exception, however, was taken by the Counsel for »he accused to an opinion expressed by. the Court up on a point not introduced in argument before the Court, nor suggested by the Court before delivering its judgment, upon which the general opinion of the Court mainly turned. As far as we, who are no law yers, understand it, the Counsel for the accused main tained, as one of the grounds of demurrer, that this Court had not jurisdiction in the case, because the of fence as alleged had not been consummated in this District, but in the District of New York, by the ab straction of funds from the hands of the Navy Agent there. Upon this point, the Court, as vie understand, overruled the demurrer, by considering the pet-son who cashed the draft in this city as, technically, 'ŸAe Agent, in this transaction, of the officer in New York upon whom it was drawn. The opinion of the Court- upon