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blond, with several others, were selected for this pur
The tribe watched the youths for several pose. months with anxiety, and when they offered themselves for examination, the feelings of all were wrought up to the highest pitch. The youths were separated from their master, and from each other, and watched with The uninitiated directed what master and groat care. pupil should write to each other, and the tests were viewed in such a manner as not only to destroy their The In infidelity, hut most firmly to fix their faith, dians. on this, ordered a great feast and made See qua-yah conspicuous at it. How nearly alike is man in every age ! Pythagoras did the same on the discov ery of an important principle in geometry. See qua-yah became at once schoolmaster, professor, phi losopher and a chief. His countrymen were proud of his talents, and held him in reverence as one favored by the Great Spirit. The inventions of early times were shrouded in mystery. See-qua-yah disdained all quackery. He did not stop here, but carried his dis coveries to numbers. He of course knew nothing of the Arabic digits, nor the power of Roman letters in the science. The Cherokees had metal numerals to hundred, and had words for all numbers up to that, but they had no signs or characters to assist them in enumerating, adding, subtracting, multiplying or dividing. He reflected upon this until he had cre ated their elementary principles in his mind, but he at first obliged to make words to express his meaning, and then signs to explain it. By this pro cess he soon had a clear perception of numbers up to a million. His great difficulty was at the threshold, to fix the powers of his signs according to their plates. When this was overcome, his next step was in adding one was up liis different numbers in order to put down the fraction of the decimal and give the whole number to -hut when I knew him, he had over his next place all these difficulties, and was quite a ready come arithmetician in the fundamental rules. This was the result of my interview, and 1 can safely say that 1 have seldom met a man of more shrewdness than See qua-yah. He adhered to all the customs of his coun try, arid when his associate chiefs on the mission, as sumed our costume, he was dressed in all respects like an Indian. See-qua-yah is a man of diversified talents ; he passed from metaphysical and philosophi cal investigation to mechanical occupations, with the The only practical mechanics he was greatest ease. acquainted with, were a few bungling blacksmiths, who could make a rough tomahawk, or tinker the lock of a rifle ; yet he became a white and silver smith, without any instruction, and made spears and silver spoons with neatness and skill, to the great admira tion of the people of the Cherokee nation. Sce-qua vah has also a great taste for painting. He mixes his colors with skill ; taking all the art and science of bis tribe upon the subject, he added to it many chem ical experiments of his own, and some of them were very successful, and would he worth being known to our painters, for his drawings ho had no model but what nature furnished, and he often copied them with astonishing faithfulness. His resemblances of the hu man form, it is true, are coarse, hut often spirited and correct, and ho gave action and sometimes grace to his representations of animals. He had never seen a camel hair pencil when he made use of the hair of wild animals for his brushes. Some of his produc tions discovered a considerable practical knowledge of perspective ; but lie could not have formed rules for this. The painters in the early ages were many years coming to a knowledgp of this part of their art; and even now they are more successful in the art than perfect in the rules of it. The manners of the Amer ican Cadmus arc the most easy, and his habits those of the most assiduous scholar, and his disposition is more lively than that of any Indian I understood and felt the advantages the white men had long enjoyed, of having the accumulations of every branch of knowledge, from generation to generation, by means of a written language, while the red man could only commit his thoughts to uncertain tradition. He reasoned correctly when he urged this to his friends as the cause why the red man had made so few advances in knowledge in comparison with us, and to remedy this was one of his great aims, and one which he has accomplished beyond that of any other man living, or perhaps any oilier who ever ex isted in a rude state of nature. " It perhaps may not bo known that the government of the United States had a fount of types cut for his alphabet, and that a newspaper, printed partly in the Cherokee language, and partly in the English has been established at New Kohota, and is characterized by decency and good sense ; and thus many of the Cherokees arc able to read both languages. After putting these remarks to pajier, I had the pleasure of seeing the head chief of the Cherokees, who confirm ed the statement of See-rpta-yah, and added that he was an Indian of the strictest veracity and sobriety.— The western wilderness is not only to blossom like the rose; hut there, man has started up and proved that he has not degenerated since the primitive days of Cocrops, and the romantic ages of wonderful efl'ort and god-like renown." He ever saw. I Clwrolee Alphabet .—The Cherokee Phtrnix, newspaper printed partly in English, and partly in Cherokee, and with the newly invented alphabet, gives us the following information of the astonishing proficiency of the Indians in the use of their written language : "See-qua-yah certainly deserves to he held in re membrance by alt who respect native genius, hut triore particularly, by his countrymen, on whom he has conferred a lasting blessing—they are reaping a full harvest from his invention, which, for its simplici ty, is unrivalled. Its simplicity is fully demonstrated by its rapid extension since it was introduced. With out the aid of a single school-master, or a single book, it lias been generally acquired in the nation, and now we venture to assert, reading and writing arc as com mon here as among the neighboring whites, and cer tainly those Cherokees who have attended to their al phabet one week, write more correctly, than the En glish scholar who has been steadfast to his hook two years." a From the Boston Daily Adveitiser. Some account of the Siamese Boys , lately brought to Boston .—Dear Sir,—In compliance with your request, as well as in obedience to what I consider to be a professional duty, I undertake to givo some account of the Siamese Boys, and par ticularly of the medium by which they are united together. The boys are supposed to be about IS years old. They are of moderate stature; though not as tall as boys of that age in this country. They have the Chinese complexion and phys The forehead is more elevated and less broad than iognomy. that of the Chinese, owing to malformation. They much re semble each other; yet not so much but that upon a little ob servation, various points of dissimilarity may be noticed. The substance by which they are connected is a mass, two inches long at its upper edge, and about five at the lower. Its breadth from above downwards may be four inches; and its thickness in a hprizontul direction two inches. Of course it is not a rounded cord, but thicker in the perpendicular than in the horizontal direction. At its lower edge is perceived a single umbilicus, through which passod a single umbilical cord to nourish both children in the fetal state. Placing my hand on this substance, which I will denominate the cord, I was surprised to find it extremely hard. On further examination this hardness was found to exist at the upper part of the cord only; and to be prolonged into the breast of each boy. Tra cing it upwards» I found it to be constituted by a prolongation f of the ensiform cartilage of the sternum , or extremity of the breast bone. The breadth of this cartilage is an inch and a half; its thickness may be about the eighth of an inch. The cartilages proceeding from each sternum meet at an angle, and then seem to be connected by ligament, so as to form a joint. This joint has a motion upwards and downwards, and also a lateral motion; the latter operating in such way, that when the boys turn in cither direction the edges of the cartilage are found to open and shut. The lower face of this cartilage is concave; and under it is felt a rounded cord, which may be remains of the umbilical cord. Besides this there is nothing remarkable felt in the connecting substance. I could distin guish no pulsating vessel. The whole of this cord is covored by the skin. It is remark ably strong, and has no great sensibility; for they allow them selves to bo pulled by a rope fastened to it, without exhibiting uneasiness. On ship board, one of thorn sometimes climbed on thn capstain of the vessel, the other following as well as he could, without complaining. When I first visited the this cord in different directions, as boys, I expected to see them pull lions, as their attention wasattra ed by different objects. I soon perceived that this did not hap pen. The slightest impulse of one to move in any direction, is immediately followed by the other; so that they would ap pear to be influenced by the same wish. This harmony in their movements is not the result of a volition, excited at the same moment. It is a habit, formed by necessity. At an ear ly period of life it is probable they sometimes differed. At present this is so rarely the case, that the gentlemen who brought them, have noticed only a single instance. Having been accustomed to use the cold bath, one of them wished it when the weather was cool; to which the other objected.— They were soon reconciled by the interference of the com mander of the ship. They never hold a consultation as to their movements. In truth, I have never seen them speak to each other, although they converse constantly with a Siamese lad, who is their companion. They always face in one direc tion; standing nearly side by side; and are not able, without inconvenience, to face in the opposite direction, so that one is always at the right, the other at the left. Although not pla ced exactly in a parallel line, they are able to run and leap with surprising activity. On some occasions, a gentleman, in sport pursued them round the ship, when they came suddenly to the hutchway, which had been inadvertently left open.— The least check would have thrown them down the hatchway and probably killed one or both: but they leapt over it with out difficulty. They are quito cheerful; appear intelligent: attending to whatever is presented to them, and readily acknowledging any civility. As a proof of their intelligence it is stated, that in a few days, they learned to play at drafts well enough to be come antagonists of those who had long been versed in the game. The connexion between these boys might present an op portunity for some intorosting observations in regard to physi ology and pathology. There is, no doubt, a network of blood vessels and some minute nerves passing from one to the other. IIow far these parts are capable of transmitting the action of medicines and of diseases, and especially of what particular medicines and what diseases, afe points well worthy of inves tigation. Capt. Coffin informed me they had never taken medicine since they had been under his care. Once they were ill from eating too heartily, but were relieved by the efforts of nature. He thinks that any indisposition of one extends to the other; that they are inclined to sleep at the same time; eat about the same quantity, and perform other acts with great similarity. Both he and Mr Hunter, the gentleman who united with him in bringing them here, are of opinion that touching one of them when they are asleep, awakens both. The pulsations of the heart are exactly alike in both boys. I counted seventy-three pulsations in a minute, while they were sitting; counting first in one boy, then in the other. I then placed my fingers on an arm of each boy, and found the pulsations take place exactly together. One of them stoop ing suddenly to look at my watch, his pulse became much quicker than that of the other; but after he had returned to his former posture, in about a quarter of a minute, his pulse was precisely like that of the other boy. This happened re peatedly. Their respirations are of consequence, exactly si multaneous. This harmony of action in primary functions shows a recip rocal influence, which may lead to curious observations and important deductions. Whether it will be in my power to ob tain any further information in regard to them is uncertain.— If not, some one else can better accomplish the task. Let me udd that there is nothing unpleasant in the aspect of these boys. On the contrary, they must be viewed as pre senting one of the most interesting objects of natural history, which have ever been known to scientific men. You are at liberty to employ the above statement in such a way as you think likely to be useful. I have the honor to be, yours, &c. on eir attention wasattract JOHN C. WARREN. , Wm. Stubgis, Esq. An Edinburgh paper of the 22d ult. states that " the small pox is extremely- prevalent amongst the higher classes of so ciety. It seems to have been now (says the paper) thorough ly ascertained that the preventive quality of vaccination wears out in seven or eight years."