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No. I Arrives 7.45 Albuqueeque Citi WEATHER FORECAST Denver, Col., August 10 Qen orally Fair tonight and Sunday. ZEN No. 4 " " 5.50 No. 7 " " 10 55 No. 8 " " 6.55 No. 9 " " U.45 'WE; GET THE NEWS FIRST" VOLUME 21. ALBUQUERQUE. NEW MEXICO. SATURDAY EVENING. AUGUST 10. 1907. NUMBER 188. SECRETARY'S SPE KEYNOTE OE HIS POLICY Declares in Address at San ta Fc That All Men Will Be Treated Fairly. SAYS NEW MEXICO PEOPLE ARE HONEST He Is Getting Into Close Touch With Territory and is Well Pleased With His Trip Over the Country. Santa Fe, N. M., .August 10. (KMt'ml.) 'Following la the speech made by the Honorable Secretary of the Interior Mr. Garfield before a large audience of representative peo iple In the hall of the house of rep resentatives at 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon: Mr. Gurlicld's Siieecli. "Ladies and Gentlemen: It Is In deed with a great deal of pleasure that I have been enabled to come here and have an opportunity of meeting the people of New Mexico, and of discussing with them those matters that are of intense and keen interest to them, affecting, as they do, their lives and their property. "As the mayor has well said, the people of New Mexico are of no dif ferent type, moulded in no different mould, than the people of any other Iportion of the country. And I am glad to say in the very beginning i ha. i what I have said, not only here, but In the east, when men have talk eri to me about the west, that so many people there do- not understand t he west" at all. I do not pretend to understand It thoroughly, but I have been here for many years. I Btarted coming west, and came through your territory, nearly twenty years ago, and I have kept in touch with many i of the men who are doing things here, and I know what your mayor .has said regarding the honesty and integrity of your people is true; and I want to say to you right now (ap plause) that this administration nev er has and it has not now, and It does not Intend in the future to have any presumption of guilt against any citizen ot New Mexico. They stand In exactly the same position as the citizen of any other state or territory, and it questions arise which Involve an Intrepretation of law, an inter pretation of acts, why of course the national administration will interpret those laws and wul ask the interpre tation of those laws and interpret those acts in the light of the facts as presented to them. Jinn in Another State. "It sometimes amuses me to hear the discussion regarding other sej tinns of a community. It is always the case of the man in the next coun ty, or the man la "he next state as the one that has done wrong; it is never the man at home. And o it is if the peiple in the community, if they hear criticisms of their own fel low citizens. Sometimes people that are not of the world look upon that community as having done wrone. Well, that is not true, we know. We know why they naturally differ with the people of this great eomman wealoh; that while wrongs have oc curred, it Is true, yet the man who has done wrong is always in the mi nority. The man who has done 111, whether it be in person or corporate act, is always in a tremendous mi nority In any American common wealth and that Is what we are here, an American commonwealth and not a commonwealth of foreign ers. (Applause ) t GimrunKvs I'atrnrm. I do not l-n'V to say much on this subject, mil the ina.vor has sug gested it, and so-1 want to lell you exactly what this administration f.em and what It Intends to do In regard to those particular matters. 3t is true that complaint have been made, charges have 'been preferred. Inves tigations have been mad find are in progress. Hut every instance, any man who is charged with any act will be given th s fairest kind of hear, ing; will be given every opportunity to explain .iv act with whlcn he may be entire 1. or any coiplaint that has been made against him, and no final action would be taken against any citizens of New Mexi-:o, et up as against any citizen of any state, until that klna o' fair, square treatment has been giv?u him that you are entitled to expect from this national administration. (Applause.) Kigliu-d Ity ll'Miie J'cople. "Of course. If in any instance things have gone wrong, as your mayor has said, those things will be righted by you people here, not by anybody from the outside. They will lie righted because you people here believe in having things run on a right basis, and of having things done In a lawful, proper fa-shlon. Now I think that Is enough to say Mwut any disagreeable subject, Mr. Mayor. (Applause and laughter.) It is true that the department of the interior has a great deal to do with the people of the territory, and yet i am inclined to believe, from cer tain evidences, both In the speech of your honorable mayor and In the re marks made by a number of your eminent citizens, that yuu are ail anxious to creep out from under the a in t r 1 of the department of the in terior. (Laughter and applause.) Now, whether you are In a position where you do not have to creep, or can stand upon your own two legs and walk alone, is something that the future wi'l determine. but Judging from the i harm ter of the people that I have seen here, and the industries that they have developed during the i-r feu years, I do no believe it is going to be long before yo" can walk l (0 V upon your feet. (Prolonged cheers and applause.) (Jetting Into Touch. "I have been going about through the great west for the last two months or more for the purpose of etUng in close touch with these test lono that are interesting par ularlv to the people of the wet. yet, as I have said in other ?s, the west is not a definite lo y You people here pride your as we people In Ohio do, tiiat ip a pretty large proportion of 'h'8 sunrface and yet youknow .est is a thing that has been lleeing from year to year from one point to another. It was only . Ilfty years ago that Ohio was went, and that you people out here had to bo hunted for with a telescope we couldn't find you In any other way. Now the west is constantly moving, and it Is not the west, the section of the country, but the spirit of the west, Is what we deal with. It was the spirit of the west that first open ed the land beyond the Allegi.enys. It was the spirit of the west that left Ohio and Indiana and Illinois' and crossed the Mississippi. It was the spirit of the west that loft this great west here across the Kooky moun tains and developed the coast. It was the spirit of the west that car ried our commerce across the Pacific and finally took possession of those Islands out in the ocean, those Is lands in the far south, and carried that spirit of the west over to a peo ple who until that time had had their eyes closed to the most funda mental ideas of liberty as we under stand it. (Applause.) Spirit of Citizenship. "It Is this spirit that we want to foster and engender, not only in our own lives 'but to hand down to our children. It is the spirit of the right kind of freedom; it is not the spirit of license; it is not the spirit or law lessness: it is not the spirit simply of land grabbing, but it is the spirit of free American cltizenshp, that wshes to expand and extend, carrying out its own ideas in its broadest and best way to the population .of these ter ritories, of these lands, and fill them not with a people who are lawless, but with a people who are home- loving, a people who believe in build ing up the American home ana man ln that here, as it has been through out other sections of the country, the corner-stone, the key-stone, the en tire arch of American citizenship (Applause.) And when I see such an audience as Is here today, with so many of the ladies of this city pres ent. I am confident that this is the' type of citizenship that Is being taught here. We men sometimes call ourselves the lords of the universe; we only do that when we are In nura bers and together, we never dare to do It when we are al"ie with our wives (applause); but know very well that we are not the lords of the universe. We know that it is the wo men of any community that makes that community a place worth living in. Comiillnients Ijulle. "Tqai have a .community where there are women, right minded wo men, who are believing in the de velopment o-f tholr own community. women who understand what it means to hand down true, ideals of humanity and morality to tne next generation, women who foster the highest and best thoughts in the home life of our country why, they are the rulers of this country and they are the ones who build up this ureat land of ours. (Applause.) There is not a man of us ho has ever tried to do anything, who has ever made any success oi ary kind, but that when he turns the pages tf his own life, the history of his owx life, but finds that It la the lnilue.ue ot sooiie trood woman that ha brought out in him the best that la in him, and the inlluence or some good woman who has saved him Horn trouble, who has lifted him up and given him the higher ideais oi me lAipplause.) JlopurtiiH'iu's Plans, ".Now, as to the things that the interior department is trying to do, One of the principal things, one ot the principal subjects that 1 am studying In this trip, Is that of Irrl gallon and reclamation. 1 am going tomorrow down the splendid valley that runs up and down this territory'. lor the purpose of studying more carefully the basis of development, agricultural development, In that val ley. We have already made a start in the southeastern portion of the ter. ntory. and 1 am. very sorry that I cannot accept the invitation of the men down there to come and see what has already been accomplished There are some JO.OUU acres of splen didly fertile land that will be sub jected to irrigation, and as the years roll by, as we are able to expend mora money to develop yours, we W make hundreds of thousands of new un-rea of land otpen to settlers who will make new Improvements in this splendid territory. (Applause.) lteuulrcs Work. "It merely requires painstaking work, and I know you people have all courage and all ability to work, it means that as the water is put on that land you must not simply let it lie there, or think that things are going to grow becauso water Is put on; it means that the farming class, the agriculturalist, the man who U going to make the most of the irri gated country and the irrigated dis trict, is going to use his hands. Ir rigation is not a simple matter. It means long hours of work; careful study to know how best to irrigate the individual suction. The federal government has started into this splendid scheme, to spend millions upon millions to develop these arid and semi-arid portions of the great west. All through these territories we are building great works, and In the course of the next two or three years we will have millions of acres, perhaps more, open to settlement. All that will be done as rapidly aj we have money to spend; and year by year, as that money Is turned back again Into the treasury of the I'nltexl States, it will be rolled over again. New projects will be built, and ultimately we will be able to re claim almost every acre of what la now considered non-tillable land. Indian Problem. "You have aiso in your community here one of the problems with whicli the Interior department has to deal, namely, that of Indians I have tak en great pleasure today In going out and looking over the Indian school here, and I am pleased to find It well managed. In the hands of a man who understands what is best for the In dian wards of the nation, a man who Is doing his level best, with his wife, and with those teachers about him, to give to those children the oppor tunities that you and 1, as Amercan ; if : - . - , . , . .... i i i Hi r-- " " - - j-. H--1 citizens, are claiming for ourselves. (Applause.) It Is a problem, I say, that is not at all free from very seri ous difficulty. I looked at thoso 111 41e Indian villages as I came along the railroad today; I looked Into the happy faces of many of those peo iple at the stations, and I felt this, that there ought not to be a white man in this community who would lu any way endeavor to take advantage of those people; who would in any way attemipt to take away from theia the land which they and their ances tors-have cultivated for Hundreds of years. They were there before them they have their own civilization; now it is our duty to try to help them Improve that civilization, not to throw a stone in their way not to make one step of thelr's harder by endeavoring to take away their lands or prevent them from carrying on their Indus tries In the ways best suited to their condition. So I hope that I shall have the hearty co-operation of the people of New Mexico in working out this Indian question in a way that will be mere than fair to those who are less foitunate than we are. That question is in an acute form over in the Indian Territory where I am go ing next. Those peoiple there are en tirely different from the people you have here. But in every Instance we ought to try to treat our Indian wards, not only as I say, meeting them half way, but we ought to treat them, very much better than we treat a white man under similar condi tions, because they have not had the chance that we have, they have not had the opportunities that we have, and we want to see to it that they are given those opportunities in a great, kind, broad way, so that their children and their children's chil dren in years to come will say: The white man has been honest and fair with them, and has given them the opportunity and the chance to make the most of their opportunities, as he is making the most of his. Good Id-port. "Now then, ladies and gentlemen, I know that I ought not to keep you longer here. It has been a great pleasure to see you, to look Into your faces, to gasp the hands of many of you, and to learn the condi tions that obtain in this territory. As has been said, I shall take back my report, not only of this, but of your adjoining territory of Arizuna, and of the other states that surround these territories; and I am very pleased that I can take back so fine a report of the conditions in all of this great west. (Applause.) YV have been traveling up and dowrf, we have been finding out what these conditions are, we have been learn ing the difficulties that you have had to meet , with here, and there Is but one word of warning that I want to throw out to you as you go forward In your progress here. Learn not only to be fair with yourselves, but to be fair with the industries that are going to comu into your territory here. Do not make the mistake of believing that the great industries of this country are all wrong because some have been wrong. Give to those Industries, and the managers of those industries, to the railroads, and to the managers of those railroads, the same plea for honesty of conduct that you claim for yourselves. Do not put them down all wrong because some have done ill. Do not .suppose that because one railroad has done what it ought not to have done, that all railroads and all railroad managers would follow In their footsteps. Do not suppose that because some mlnea have failed to obey the law, or the managers, that all mine managers will fail to obey the law. And In the IfgisMation that may come hereafter, deal fairly with these great Indus tries; see to It that there Is no dis tinction made between the laws that you will apply to capital and tne laws that you will apply to labor. ( A pplause. ) Painless to All. I. i t every class of this great com monwealth, as you grow In Import ance and grow In political rights let It be understood that every class In this great commonwealth will be treated with equal Justice and equal fairness. There should be no special egislaiion. We have had too much WOODMAN, SPARE NO CHILD FATALLY BURNED BY KEROSENE E Poured Oii on Hro and Was Burned Almost to Crisp. HOME AND CONTENTS TOTALLY DESTROYED El Paso, Tex., August 10. By the explosion of a can of kerosene, with w hich she was attempting "to kindle a fire to prepare supper, seven-year- old Maria Hortencia Barela waj burned so badly yesterday that she died an hour later at the home of a neighbor. The Barela home and Its contents were practically destroyed by the fire, a neighboring house was damaged and Mrs. Barela suffered severe burns about the hands and face in attempting to save her daugh ter. The little fclrl, who was the daugh ter of Mr. and Mrs. Pablo Barela, re siding at 608 Florence Btreet, was sent by her mother to kindle a fire, while the woman remained about some work in the front of the house. The child poured some kerosene into the stove and the explosion follow ed. Her clothing caught fire and she ran into the yard screaming. Her mother rushed out and at tempted to extinguish the fire, but all the clothing was burned from the lit tle girl's body, and her ilesh was cooked. She was carried to a neigh bor's home where her death occur red. Before the alarm was turned In, the Barela home was practically de stroyed, and the firemen had hard work to have an adjoining house. of It In other places. A bit of leg islation that Is good for capital. If it Is really good, ought to be equally good for labor; and likewise, if it Is good for labor It would be good for capital. If it is special, if it Is good only for one side, it is not the kind of legislation that you want. (Ap plause.) We need equality of peo ple. We are getting today a larger measure of equality of opportunity than we have ever had In this great country. This national administra tion has stood for doing away with discriminations, doing away with in equality of opportunity. It is im possible to make all men equal; we know that It is not possible. Men are born with great inequalities; men have aiaptabllity for one thing; another has adaptability for anoth er; and hen you say that those two men are equal you are stating a falsehood. AH that the laws can do Is to give equality of opportunity to these two men. Open the door with It, throw no Impediment in the way, and then the man who has brain, the man who has muscle, the man that has uprightness and decency In his heart, the man who has a character, and who is Uod-fearlng and law abiding, that man under conditions of equal opportunity, will naturally forge ahead, and he ought to forge ahead. (Applause.) Now, Mr. Mayor, I want to thank you again for this very cordial re ception that you have given me. You have given mo a reception here that makes me feel that I am very much nean r New Mexico than I was before, and if any of you will come to Washington you will find the door of the secretary of the In terior's office wide open. (Prolonged applause and cheers.) TREE! LEWIS STILL THAT HE KILLED TERHUNE Confession Obtained by bead Man's Wife In Prison Cell. QUARREL OVER HER CAUSED SLAYING Roswell, N. M., August 10. Moses L. Lewis, who is confined In the county Jail here for the killing of Lcland S. Terhune, has not varied from the confession which he made at the Jail Thursday, when Mrs. Ter hune, handcuffed, guarded and weeping with apparent fright at her predicament, was brought to his cell and he was told that she was under sirest for killing her husband. She pleaoed with him to tell the truth nud he confessed. Mrs. Terhune has been freed from suspicion. Lewis, whom It Is stated, was In fatuated with Mrs. Terhune, had a quarttl ten days ago with the hun band rbout the woman, and he kill ed Ter',. une with a blow on the head with a shovel. Ilody Hurled In Pitch. Terhune had been missing since Thursday of last week. Parties who went to the Bowman farm, where he and I ewb i-d been working, found that the wagon used by Lewis had blond stains on its bed. From the wagon they followed a trail which led to the Irrigation ditch and In the bed of the ditch they saw plain In dications that a hole had been dug. On digging down at that spot, Ter hune body's wag discovered. The forehead had been crushed by a blow from some heavy Instrument and the eyes were protruding. When arrested, Lewis vehemently dnclared he was Innocent of the crime and said Terhune was tue beKt friend he hnd on earth. Terhune was 24 years old and Is survived by a wife and one child. Thy came here from near Sherman, Tex., three years ago, and have been living on a claim near Hagerman. Iewls Is 34 years of age, and came here from Sherman five years ago. The two have been farming the Bow man and Bud Wilson farms, near Orchard Park, In partnership. TELEGRAPHERS IN ilNYJITIES STRIKE The strike in the Western Union telegraph offices has ex- 4 4 tended to practlcaly every big city In the country, and all commercial business is sadly crippled. New York. Chicago, 4 t St. Iouls1, Kansas City, Denver, 4 San Francisco and all other clt- 4 les are compelled to do with- 4 4 out service, except such as a 4 4 few wire chiefs can furnish. 4 4 Owing to this fact, the As- 4 4 soclated Press service of The 4 4 Citizen Is necessarily small to- 4 4 day an the operators In the 4 4 main offices used by the Asso- 4 4 elated Press are with the strlk- 4 4 ers. The Citizen will give all 4 4 the news possible and to attain 4 4 that end has used such tele- 4 4 graph und telephone facilities 4 4 as can be obtained, but the 4 4 general Associated Press ser- 4 4 vice Is liuht. However, this con- 4 4 dltion will undoubtedly be bet- 4 4 tered within a day or two. 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 C b V 4 LOST SPANISH BULLION ADS TAKEN FROM HISTORY Men Who Created Prospectus Testifies That lie Used "Conquest of Mexico." LOOKED UP LEGENDS BDTJ01 THE MINE Post Office Inspector Tells of De vious Path to Mud Deposit land Says There Was Only Lowest Grade of Ore. Denver. Colo., August 10. The )t Spanish Bullion mine case Is attracting much attention. This Is the case in which It Is claimed that a company was organized to sell stock in a mine, alleged to be located In a cave near Silver City, N. M., and In which the postal department has caused the arrest and indictment of all the officials of the company, al leging that they used the malls to defraud. The government will at tempt to prove that the mine is valueless and that the company knew It at the time it was selling a large amount of stock. Ada Written from History. Charles A. Llndsey, who wrote the prospectus sent out by the Lost Bul lion Spanish Mines company to in duce speculators to buy stock, was on the stand yesterday at the trial of the officials of the company in the United States district court on a charge ot fraudulent use of the malls. Ijlndsey is employed by the Na tional Advertising company of this city, whidh secured the contract to prepare advertising for the Lost Bul lion company last fall. The story of the discovery of the mine by Spaniards-at the time of the Aztec con quest In Mexico and quotations from Prescott's .-"Conquest of Mexico" formed the nucleous of the story Llndsey wrote for the prospectus. On the stand Llndsey said he was employed to plan the advertising ot the Lost Bullion Spanish Mines com pany.' He went to an office In the Temple Court building in Septem ber, 1906, he said, and met C. L. Blackman of the brokerage firm of Blackman & Co., and afterward went to Silver City with George DuBoia to gather data for tne prospectus. Legend.-) Used. ' He made no effort, he said, to learn whether the claims of rich ore made by the officers of the companr were correct, but satisfied himself of the truth of the legends connected with the mine before writing the pamphlet. The pictures In the pam phlet, he said, wero mostly repro duced from magazines and other publications, and had no direct bear ing on the mine In question. Insector Found Stud. C A. Macomlc, the postoffice In spector who investigated the case, was on the stand again yesterday. He went into detail concerning his trip through the "workings" In the "mine," and told how he was forced to crawl on hands and knees, wrig gle along on his stomach and in one place actually roll along the pas sageway to reach the point of the "new discovery," which, according to Engineer Clymo, who accompanied George Du Bots and Maomio, was absolutely no discovery at all, but loathsome black mud and an ordin ary quality of low-grade ore that might have contained almost any kind of mineral in small quantities. Ills Belief. It was at this place, Macomlc tes tified, that Du Bols first told him he was certain there was nothing in the mine, but that the company In tended to raise money in advertising the cave, so that it might prospect and develop other property nearby. Fol owinar this conversation in tne mine,' Macomlc said, Du Bols volun tarily made the statements submit ted as evidence Wednesday, and signed them In the presence of three v I In esses. Macomlc then went Into detail re garding his trip and the discoveries he made regarding tne moaum op erandi of the company. 100 INJURED BY GREAT AT Boulder, Colo., August 10. Fire originating from an unknown cause In the Colorado & Southern freight dapot at 1 o'clock this morning de- troyed the depot with a great quan tity of freight In half an hour, and spreading a hundred feet enveloped a powder house containing one thou sand pounds of dynamite which ex ploded, throwing the firemen and hundreds of spectators to the ground, fatally injuring two men, breaking the plate glass lu every business house in tnwn as well as windows lu hundreds of residences. The loss 1-t estimated at $1250, 0UU. The fire was re-ported under control at 3: 3d o'clock. The Boulder police report one hun Ired persons iniuied. tweutv-five be ing cared, for in the hospitals. I he fatally injured are: Hoy Li- favre and Ike o. Wilson, volunteer firemen, who were nearest the scene t explosion. GOVERNOR CURRY IS Oil THE JOB WITH BOTH FEET -S Self Reliance of New Execu tive Gives People Con fidence in His Ability. WHAT HE SAID WAS TO THE POINT - k Republican Leaders Met Him as Head of a Republican Admin istration and He Publicly rv i ueciareo nimseii on . Points at Issue. Santa Fe, N. M., August 10. (Special) Its all over. The crowd that attended the inauguration, the brilliant reception and ball and the reception to the secretary of the in terior, Mr. Garfield, is leaving on each outgoing train. The advance guard left late Thursday, but most of those In the city remained until Friday night. Today the balance Is leaving, ex cept a few and there Is much ru mor and speculation about those few who are undoubtedly here for a purpose. The inauguration ot Governor? Curry while a brilliant af fair, was one of the most remark able events In New Mexico's political history. Never in the history of this territory has there been such a cos mopolitan gathering of representa tive men politically speaking at an Inauguration. Never in the history of a territory has a governor faced quite so com plex a proposition as did Oovernor Curry in the first twenty-four hours of his governorship. "On the Job." ? But Oovernor Curry was "on the Job" all the time and he made every one feel good. Now there Is some thing in making a good Impression as everyone knows and the new gov ernor did that. He did not commit himself too much in fact, he only said he In tended to conduct a republican ad ministrationcarry out the policies of President Roosevelt - ant giv every one & square deal. Such an announcement might be considered a good deal in some cir cles, but it was no more than was expected of a republican governor and George Curry, despite attempts to make hi mout a democrat, is go ing to run a republican administra tion, a clean administration and ap point good men. This was the beginning of th good impression the governor made. The end Is not yet but the way he met the people and the honest, open and frank manner in which he talk ed to them did the rest. Guess Work. There was never more political milling than was seen at Santa Fe. The milling, however, was on the outsme. it was conducted by a host of those who did not understand the situation and who did not understand that the late reform element was not running the ranch. It was amusing, almost pathetic, to hear some of the guess work that was being done. He- Is Governor. When the smoke cleared away to some extent, thos who were nar enough to read the signs saw this much unmtstakalbly: Governor Curry was governor and acting for himself he had recog nized the republican party leaders and they had recognized him he had decided to run the executive of fice himself and to start In to do it when he got good and ready. It did not take a magnifying glass to discover that Governor Curry was talking with the party leaders, that he was talking with the people and that he was drawing conclusions slowly and wisely. Knows Condition. It did not take a second glance at the situation to know that Governor Curry knew the true conditions of territorial and local politics and that he Intended and eventually would smooth out more than one wrinkle. When all this percolated through the system of certain Individuals, there whs no further attempt t crowd little factions to the fore. The new governor said he wanted to be Judged by his actions and there was a wholesome desire not to interfere with his wishes in this respect. Open and Honest. The republican leaders met Gov ernor Curry in an open, honest way. They gave h I in their endorsement and support and they did not ak for anything in return. It was not ne cessary for them to do so: Governor Curry, after taking the oath, publicly declared himself for the very things end the only things they desired the president, the republican party, snd the square deal. There was not much of a chance for those desiring anything else to break Into the pow wow and they refrained wl:;. re markable self control. But th thing that Governor Curry did and which did more than everything else to bring the people to him, was to display a self confideiwe In himself and his ability tempered with Just enough reserve to impress every man woman and child that he had the reins In his hand and knew how to handle the.m. I'Ve-llus of Confidence. He distributed a broad feeling of onii.lenee in his wisdom, ability and Integrity, that it will take a whole lot of errors In the executive office ft undermine. And the new governor is not a man of errors. He may make mistakes -no man lives who does not, but the new governor wifl not make many and he will not hesitate to correct them when he does make them.