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WEATHER FORECAST renver, Coloraco, October 3. Ralo tonight and Friday, except fair In the south west portion of the territory; colder tonight and Friday. WE GEDT THE NEWS FIRST" AL1JUQUEKQUE. NEW MEXICO. THURSDAY EVENING. OCTOBER 3. 1907. NUMBER 232 VOLUME 22. TRAIN ARRIVALS No. I to. o p. m. No. 4 6. 30 p. m. No. 7 I a. m. No. 88.15 m T No. 9 1 1.45 p.m. M E WARSHIPS ARE GREATLY In Address at Cairo Today Roosevelt Emphasizes Ne cessity for Adequate Pro tection For Coasts. FAVORS CONSTRUCTION OF SHIP CHANNEL Tells Business Men's League of St. Louis That he Will do all In His Power to Help the Plan Along. Cairo, III., Oct. 8. When the president stepped ashore here at 9 o'clock this morning, he manifested every evidence of having passed a comfortable night. He was the guest at dinner last night on the steamer Alton of the Business Men's League of St. Louis, and with that enter tainment, speech making, and con versation 'his time until almost mid night was fully taken up. The din ner was regarded by all as very Im portant and it Is believed that the scheme of a ship channel from the gulf to the lakes received a great impetus. The president requested that his remarks be not reported. but 4ie consented to the statement that he had announced unequivocal ly his endorsement of the general principle Involved In the scheme lor the creation of a ahip channel up the river and to the great lakes. At the same time he was most careful to say that he would not give his assent to any particular scheme or improvement. He also pointed out that there'are many obstacles In carrying Into effect any plan of such vast proportions and Involving so much expense, and while promising all the assistance he could give, he told .his hearers that the only way to make success certain is to so thoroughly prepare themselves mo as to render their arguments unanswer able. His speech was greeted with prolonged applause and this en dorsement took the shape of words when Governors Folk, Deneen and Blanchard spoke. All pledged their utmost efforts in the furtherance of the enterprise. The gathering at the dinner was a notable one and In cluded the governors of sixteen states. The president's speech today was delivered In the presence of a great throng, which frequently applauded his hearty ideas. He spoke as fol lows: President's Speech. "Men of Illinois, and you, men of Kentucky: "I am glad to have the chance to speak to you today. This Is the heart of what may be called the old west, which we now call the middle west, using the term to denote that great group of rich and powerful states which literally forms the heart of the country. It is a region whose people are distinctively American in all their thoughts, in all their ways of looking at life; and in its past and its present alike It is typical of our country. It Is curious and amus ing to think that even as genuine a lover of his kind, a man morally so free from national prejudices as Charles LMckens, should have select ed the region where we are now standing as The seat of his forlorn Eden' in Martin Chuzzlewit. The country he so bitterly assailed is now one of the most fertile and produc tive portions of one of the most fer tile and prductlve territories in all the world and the dwellers in this territory represent a higher average of comfort, intelligence, and sturdy capacity for self-government than the people in any tract of like ex tent in any other continent. A Delicate Work. "Government in its application Is often a complicated and delicate work, but the principles of govern ment are, after all, fairly simple. In a broad general way we should ap ply In the affairs of the national ad ministration, which deals with the interests of all our eighty-odd mil lions of people, Just the same rules that are necessary In getting on with our neighbors In our several neigh borhoods; and the nation as a whole should show substantially the same qualities that we would expect an honorable man to show In dealing with his fellows. To illustrate this, consider for a moment two phases of governmental action. "First as to international affairs. Among your own neighbors among your friends, what is the attitude vou like to see a man take toward his fellows, the attitude you wish each of your sons to take when he goes out Into the world? Is it not a combination of readiness and ability to hold his own if anyone tries to wrong him, while at the same time showing careful regard not only for NEEDED ittlltli tllliitl NOW IS T1IK Tl M 10. " Tim hits fair oicii next week. If joti have rooms lor relit or 4 room and Innu'iI, now is tlx' 4 lime, lo notify the m-I' tiil'oiiuh tile t la .llli'tl Columns 4 4 of The C itl'ii. This paix r Mill maintain a Bureau or Inforina- lion during Hm fair for Ihc 4 Im'ih'IU of Wltors ami Mill be. 4 4 able lo till all the rooms you 4 4 ih lo mil. Ul'lt LASs.- 4 4 I II l AOS l olt ROOM Al 4 iiovito will- in: given 4 MUST llMi: PREFER- 4 E.NCE BEFORE AM. TH- 4 Kits. Atlvenls,. yimr room 4 early ami avoid Hie ru.li. 4 4 li 444 4444444T4 the rights but for th! feelings of others? Of course it is! "A INllto Nation." U. all this Is Just as true of a na as of an individual, and In dp with other nations we should set t we expect a man who is both gurrS nd decent to act In private life. There are few things cheap er a more objectionable, whether on t) o art of the public man or of the 0 ite man. on the part of a wrltetB a speaker, an Individual or s. grot d f individuals than a course of cot t which is Insulting or hurtfu nether in speech or act, to Individ of another nation or to the rep ntatives of another nation or to a tcr nation Itself. Hut the policy , 'mes infamous from the standpol of the Interests of the United States when it Is combined with the refusal to take those meas ures of preparation which can alone secure us from aggression on the part of others. The policy of 'peace with Insult' is the. very worst policy upon which it Is possible to embark, whether for a nation or an indivi dual. To be rich, unarmed, and yet Insolent and aggressive, is to court well-nigh certain disaster. The only safe and honorable rule of foreign policy for the United States is to show itself courteous toward other nations, scrupulous not to Infringe upon their rights, and yet able and ready to defend its own. This na tion Is now on terms of the most cordial aood will with all other na tions. Let us make it a prime ob ject of our policy to preserve these conditions. Kurd Mow Wnrshis. "Let us build up and maintain at the highest point of efficiency the United States navy. In any great war on land we should have to rely In the future as we have relied in the past chiefly upon volunteer sol diers; and although it is indispensa ble that our little army an army ludicrously small relatively to the wealth and population of this mighty nation, should Itself be trained to the highest point and should be valued and respected as Is demanded by the worth of the officers and en listed men, yet it is not necessary that this army should be large as compared to the armies of other great nations. Hut as regards the navy all this is different. We have an enormous coast line, and our coast line is on two great oceans To repel hostile attacks the fortifi cations, and not the navy, must 1)9 used; but the best way to parry is to hit no fight can ever be won except by hitting and we can only hit by means of the navy. It is utterly im possible to improvise even a make shift navy under the condition of modern warfare. Since the days of Napoleon no war between two great powers has lasted as long as it would take to build a battleship, let alone a fleet of battleships; and it takes just as long to train the crew of a battleshiu as it does to build it; and as regards the most important things of all, the training of the officers, it takes much longer. The navy must be hullt and all its training given In time of peace. When once war has broken out It Ls too late to do anything. We now have a good navy, not yet large enough for our needs, but of exzcellent material. Where a navy ls as small as ours, the cardinal rule must be that the battleships shall not be separated. This year I am happy to say that we shall begin a course which I hope will be steadily followed hereafter, that, namely, of keeping the battle ship fleet alternately in the Pacific and in the Atlantic. AU Must Rule. "It Is not 4n accordance with our principles that literally despotic power should be put into the hands of a few men in the affairs of the industrial world. Our effort must be for a Just and effective plan of ac tion which, while scrupulously safe guarding the rights of the men of wealth, shall yet, so far as ls hu manly possible, secure under the law to all men equality of opportunity to make a living. It ls to the Interest of all of us that the man of excep tional business capacity should be amply rewarded; and there ls noth ing inconsistent with this in our in sistence that he shall not be guilty of bribery or extortion, and that the rights of the wageworker and of the man of small means who are them selves honest and hard working, shall be scrupulously safeguarded. "The instruments for the exercise of modern Industrial power are the great corporations which, though created by the individual states, have grown far beyond the control of those states and transact their busi ness through large sections of the union. These corporations, like the Industrial conditions which have called them into being, did not exist when the constitution was founded; but the wise forethought of the founders provided, under the inter state commerce clause of the consti tution, for the very emergency which has arisen, if only our people as a whole will realize what thLs emerg ency is; for if the people thoroughly realize it, their governmental repre sentatives will soon realize it also. The national government alone has sufficiently extensive power and Jur isdiction to exercise adequate con trol over the great interstate cor porations. 1 letter for Corporation. While this thorough supervision and control by the national govern ment is desirable primarily in the interest of the people It will also, I firmly believe, be to the benefit of those corporations themselves whlcn desire to be honest and law-abiding. Only thus can we put over these cor porations one competent and elfi clent sovereign the nation able both to exact Justice from them and to secure Justice for them, so that they may not be alternately pamper ed and oppressed. The proposal need be dreaded only by those cor porations which do not wish to obey the law or to be controlled in Just fashion, but prefer to take their chances under the present lack of all system and to court the chance of getting improper favors as off setting the chance of being black mailed an attitude rendered famil iar In the past by those corporation which had thriven under certain corrupt and lawless city govern ments. Controlling Railroads. "The first need ls to exercise this federal control in thoroughgoing and efficient fashion over the railroads, which, because of their peculiar" po sition, offer the most immediate and urgent problem. The American peo ple abh'ir a vacuum, and ls deter mined that this control shall be ex ercised somewhere; it is most un wise for the railroads not to recog nise this and to submit to it as the lirst requisite of the situation. LET ( GfcR iTTCTV ( 3& PLENTY V YEP'- op ROPE-AMD 1 V J . . ("X00? WILL KEEP r jig aj . yfgk The president in Ids forthcoming menMigo will UTfcO congress for a large Increase for naval expendi ture. Tills Is taken to mean that the 10 litUelils will never return from Uio l'acille and UuU the navy plan Is to build up a now tier COUNTY FAIR DRAWS GREAT Third Day's Attendance at Estancla Larger Than on. Preceding Two. HOUSC WARMING" SPIRIT ' PERVADES THE VALLEY Estancla, N. M., Oct. 3. The Es tancla fair Is on in full blast, and the third day has been attended by a larger crowd than either of the two preceding days. The exhibits are as line as can be found anywhere in the country and consist of vege tables cereals and grasses, together with domestic exhibits. The sporting features of the program are of un usual excellence, and the Hatcher It usae 11 Carnival company with its many free acts and tented shows ls being visited every hour of the day and far into the night by hundreds of people, who thoroughly appre ciate the excellence of the entertain ment. The fair will close tomorrow night, but already it can be stated that Torrance county never held so successful a gathering. The entire valley was represented at the fair, every town having its full quota of visitors. Cheap railroad rates have been granted for the fair, and both the El P. & 6. W. and the Santa Fe Central aided in bringing in the crowds. It was a sort of "house warming" old timers mot newcom ers and a general good time was indulged in. From Santa Fe on one end of the valley to Carrlzozo and even further south have come hundreds of peo ple and these have been augmented from the crowds who came from the nearby country. Today's program was in fact the best of the fair, Thursday being "fair day" in reality. During the four days of the fair, one day ls de voted to each town in the valley. CXXXjOOOOOOCXXXX Bureau of roil TIIK CONVENIENCE OF VISITORS AT TIIK BIG FAIR, THE ALBUQUERQUE CITIZEN WILL MAINTAIN' AT ITS OFFICE. 113 WEST GOLD AVENUE, A BUREAU OF INFORM TION. LODGINGS WILL RE SECURED FOR VISITORS, ADVICE GIVEN AS TO HOARDING AND QUES TIONS OF EVERY CHARACTER GIVEN INTELLI GENT CONSIDERATION. MAKE YOUR HEADQUARTERS WITH US FOR THE WEEK. RESIDENTS OF AI.RUQUERQUE WHO DESIRE ROOMERS OR HOARDERS FOR FAIR WEEK ARE REQUESTED TO NOTU'Y THE CITIZEN IN FEU SON OR IN WHITING, STATING MW'ATIOV AND s NUMBER OF At COMMODAIONS. DO NOT TELEPHONE THIS INFORMATION WHEN ACCOMMODATIONS ARE EX II VI'STI'.D, BE SURE TO NOTU'Y US. OOCXXXXXOOOOOOOOOO HIM OUT A LOT MORE on Atlantic. ,evw item. ROOSEVELT DECLARES FAVOR OF SINGLE INCREASE GRAIITED 10 Htm sum fe Boiler Makers and Machinists Will Get Two Cents More Per Hour. 4 Topeka, Kan., Oct. 3. The 4 4 Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe 4 4 Hallway company at Its general 4 4 offices here today announced an 4 increase to its 5,000 boilermak- 4 4 ers and machinists over the en- 4 4 tire system of two cents an hour 4 4 and an increase to the helpers 4 4 of one and one half cents per 4 4 hour, effective Oct. 1. 4 4 This increase affects every 4 4 man employed in the branches 4 4 named throughout all the shops 4 4 ofMhe Santa Fe system, lnclud- 4 4 Ing Newton, Albuquerque, Shop- 4 4 ton and others. Hound house 4 4 machinists and their helpers will 4 4 be given the same Increase as 4 4 the others. The raise was vol- 4 4 untary on the part of the road 4 4 and is In line with its desire to 4 4 benefit its employes a much as 4 4 possible, and to share with 4 4 them the profits it makes from 4 4 their labor. 4 4 The increase means th ex 4 4 penditure along the entire y- 4 tern of over $60,000 per month 4 4 for wages more than formerly. 4 ilillMMMdilii Railroads Appear. Topeka, Oct. 3. Kepresentatlves of the Kansas railroads are before the commission today concerning the two-cent rate. Information IN STATEHOOD GOV.CURRY'SIHTERVIEW SECURES: AID FROM Cairo, III.,' Oct. 3, 4 p. m. Spec ial.) Following an interview with George Curry, governor of New Mex ico, at tit. Louis and after a long talk with the governor en route to this city. President Roosevelt today gave an interview to the effect that he would no longer oppose single statehood for New Mexico, but would do all in his power to aid in secur ing It. Governor Curry Is Jubilant at the outcome of his interview with the president and it is understood he will start the single statehood machinery (n motion as soon as he returns to the territory. Pleased With People. The president Is satisfied that the people of New Mexico want single statehood and he ls pleased because they voted almost unamlously for Joint statehood a year ago in defer ence to his wishes. He has announced that he will no longer oppose their desire for admis sion to the union but that the new executive will have his political and moral support In an effort to get a favorable consideration of a Blngle statehood bill in the next congress. Promise. Given. Governor Curry will not make public the New Mexico affairs upon which he talked with the president, but it Is reported on good authority that the governor has received a promise of support and assistance from the president In the carrying out of his administrative affairs In New Mexico particularly in this matter of single statehood. The president spent much of his time with the governor of New Mex ico after leaving St. Louis and it Is understood that New Mexico affairs particularly along political lines were gone over in detail. Governor Curry, it Is understood, will return to New Mexico with the president's promise to back up a number of policies of a local nature which he will Inaugurate, Shaking Up Coming. Among them It Is understood, will be a shaking up in official circles in New Mexico and the adjustment of several factional differences In a manner the new governor thinks ad visable. Governor Curry would make "no statement for publication beyond saying that his Interview with the president had been most satisfactory and that he believed the people of New Mexico would secure single statehood In the Immediate future. HARRIMAN LINE FAVORS DEEP WATERWAY Chicago, Oct. 3. The management of the Illinois Central railroad has decided to throw its Influence in fa vor of a deep waterway from the great lakes to the gulf. This became apparent yesterday when J. T. llara haii, president of the road, stated that he would maku an address in favor f the project at the deep waterway convention at Memphis Friday. The management of the Illinois Central believes that the deep waterway pro posed will develope the south rapidly ami .-uch development will make an Increased tonnage for the Illinois Central and Yazoo and Mississippi Valley lines. iiarahan said that In his judgment the railroads will be as unable fur many years to come as now to handle the tremendous traffic off. led. so that they will not be hurt by reason of the tonnage taken from them by the waterways. OFFICERS BELIEVE GIRL T E Razor. Key and Button Found Near Body Lead to Theo ry That She Was Murdered. FOUND IN BACK YARD WITH HER THROAT CUT Slayer Was Probably Another Woman. Though Detectives Ad mit They Have Little to Work On-Vlctlm Was Proml tnent Socially. Moran, Kan., Oct. 3. A razor that bore no blood stalnB, a key and an ordinary bone collar button are the clues furnished the Plnkerton detec tive who ls here today to try to clear up the mystery surrounding; the death of Miss May Sapp. Miss Sapp was found in the back yard of her home with her throat cut last Fri day night. The detective will work upon the theory that iMlss Sapp was murder ed. He believes with the county of ficials who have been working on the case that It was absolutely Im possible for the girl to have commit ted suicide. The belief is growing that the crime was done by omeone in or near Moran who was thoroughly ac quainted with the premises of the Sapp residence. The darkness of the night would have made it impossi ble for a stranger to have found the one gap in the wire fence next to the alley through which the slayer must have run after he killed the girl. The citizens, however, are slow to believe that any resident of the community .would commit such, a crime. A Woman the Slayer? Several persona who have studied the case thoroughly believe that Miss Sapp may have been killed by a wo man. Ko one, however ls able to show a motive. The girl had few women, friends and, as far as is known, had never had n "trouble with any woman. If a woman killed her through Jealousy no one so far has been able to furnish any infor mation as to her identity. The char acter of the wounds in the girl's neck and the dispatch with which the murder was committed appear to preclude the possibility of its be ing the work of a woman. O. A. Peterson, the county attor ney, who has spent the moat of his time on the case since the tragedy. Is almost positive the crime was committed by a man who was well acquainted with the dead girl. He believes that the murderer commit ted the deed, hurriedly removed his outer clothing, which must have have been covered with blood, and returned again to join the crowd about the body. He says that the razor was thrown on the ground near the body after the arrival of himself and the coroner. Razor not There Then. "I went thoroughly over the very spot where the razor was found with a lantern Just previous to its discov ery," he eald. "I'm certain that there was no weapon used to kill the girl but was thrown there by the murderer to lend the appearance of suicide. It Is now believed that there was one man at the scene of the murder who seemed to desire to call atten tion to his presence. One Man's Queer Actions. "Do you suppose the girl was murdered?" he asked of several dif ferent persons. This Is now regard ed as a peculiar circumstance, for al most all of the citizens on the night of the murder believed the girl had committed suicide. Not until after the coroner and other physicians ex amined the wounds and declared it impossible for them to have been self-inflicted did the citizens abandon the idea of suicide. FAIL TO PROVE REBATE ON INTERSTATE Inquiring at San Francisco Has Not Been Productive Thus Far. iSan Francisco Cal., Oct. 3. Dur ing the investigation yesterday by Interstate Commerce Commissioner Lane Into the alleged rebating prac ticed by the Southern Pacific and Santa Fe railway companies In Cali fornia, J. W. Brewer, freight claim agent of the Southern Pacific, was examined In an attempt to show that his road had granted rebate pay ments to interstate shippers and that the company had sought to evade re- ..... .....I I.L I I . w.wlaw tt.u . 1 .... I I,,,., l... DII'1UII,1UIJ UI1U.I . a . ,a V. ; making the rebates apply to shlp ' taenia within the state. Up to the ' hour of adjournment it had not been shown that rebates were in reality 1 granted on interstate shipments. I Over fifty concerns, it is claimed, were granted rebates, and most of the 300 transactions shown took place during 1906. No proof was giv en of any rebate claim presented during the present year. sn no 00 If in iso6 Records of Oil Trust Show Dividend of $40,000,000 and $43,000,000 For Surplus. ASSETS FOUR TIMES CAPITAL STOCK Has Liabilities Outside J 1 00.000. 000 Capital of Only SI2.000.000 -Earning Power Has Never Been Estimated Accord ing to Expert's Report. .New York, Oct. 3. For the first time there ha Just been made pub lic the income account and balance sheet of the Standard Oil company of New Jersey, which ls the parent of all the Standard Oil companies in the world. The report chows that the wealth of the company has at no time ben overestimated. The Income accon.i. shows that while the com pany paid forty millions of dollars dividend in the year ending Decem ber 11 last, it earned more than eighty-three million and left a sur plus for the year of more than forty three million seven hundred and fifty thousand. Added to the previous sur plus, the total surplus in profit and lore amounts to 3281,000,000, or more than ten times the amount of the great fine. . The balance sheet shows assets of $371,664,532 as compared with the capitalization of one hundred mil lions. Apart from the capital stock outstanding and the profit and loss surplus the only liabilities are ac counts payable to the amount of 312,264,000. Experts Silt Records. The experts employed by Protecu tor Kellogg in his effort to convict the Standard of sufficient Illegal use of its corporate power to oust it from exlmeace are the mn who gave. up' the Information concerning the great earnings and surplus of the oil trust. Through their investigations of the books placed at their disposal by the Standard officials they have been able to prepare a statement for the hear ing before Bxaminer Ferrlss, which will, without any doubt, be the most interesting financial statement ever published concerning any corporation In the world. The work of thee experts has cov ered records for a number of years past and the figures are those taken from the totals as shown by those records. The Standard Oil company after a bitter fight some weeks Bince, placed the records at the command of the examiner, who authorized five expert accountants to make a revision of them and report to the court. Earning Cumclty Exceeds Capital. The earning capacity of the Stand ard OH company, as snown by these figures, exceeds the amount of its capital stock by far, when Its gross earnings are considered. The net earnings, as shown by the books, al most equalled the capital stock of one hundred millions last year and It is apparent that during some of the preceding years, the net earnings have exceeded the amount of the capital stock. BORAH ACQUITTED ON HIS OWN TESTIMONY Boise Oct. 3. United States Sen ator William E. Borah was acquitted of the charge of conspiracy to de fraud the government in a land transaction by a Jury last evening. Only one ballot was taken. The ver dict was greeted with cheers in the court room and a public demonstra tion followed at which the senator made a speech. The only witness called by the defense was the accus ed man himself who denied knowl edge of the fraud. GLADYS VANDERBILT WILL WED COUNT New York, Oct. 3. The announce ment of the engagement of M Iss Gladys Vanderbilt to Count Ieslle Szeehenyl, of Budapest, Is made in the Herald today. The Herald states that the announcement U authorized. The count ls 28 years old. rich and good looking and has a hereditary seat in the Hungarian parliament. He Is one of the chamber lalns of the Austrian empire. Miss Vanderbilt Is the youngest daughter of the late Cornellous Vanderbilt. 'lUtltlrtTTtf H NOW IS THE TIME. t Tl big fair oK'iis net t-k. ' If oii have room for rent or room ami hoard, now Is tlto (iiiHt to noliry the M-oplo through the Clu.-lftcil Column e of Tlio Citizen. . iiii-i aT will 4 maintain a Bureau of in I or ma- tlou during lit., fair for the iM'iielu of l-lior ami Mill Ite able to llll ull Hie room you 4 4 lme to rent. OUR CI, ASM- 4 4 MED AIS I OR BOOM AMI KOMtll WILL BE GIVEN FIRST CIIM E PREFER- Et E BEFORE ALL OI'll- 4 4 ERS. Aderti-, our room 4 4 early ami aol,l ilu- ru it.