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'ALBUQUERQUE CITIZEN. PAGE Til HIM. HOW HOSPITAL IS CONDUCTED IT FORT The Government Spares no Expense In Caring for Army Patients at Sanitarium The government's establishment at Kurt Bayard for the care of tubercu lar patients from mo army and navy is attract. attention from all parts of lac United fifties as well as Euro pean countries, on account of the wiuU-spreaa interest in the subject. lan descriptions have been maue of tile eanilariu..! ..i various magazine and iRWi-paper al l eles and tho Wash ington .-tar in a recent issue has the tonowing comprehensive uescrlpliou oi tile huiK being done: In the great lignt against the white plague one of the most interesting ' in the auuals o medicine the war department of the United States is in the van guard, with the largest hospital in the world devoted entire ly to the treatment of tuberculosis. The government general hospital at Fort Bayard, N. M., a humanitarian project tor the benefit of the officers and men of the United states army w ho contract tuber Jdlos.s, is a de parture such as no other nation in the iiiHtory of the world has ever under taken. It has cost immense amounU, but in justification of the outlay are the large number of soldiers returned to duty, and the prolonging of .the 1 iives of hundreds owing to the treat ment received there. A cuse in point is that of General Clarence Edwards, who owes his cure from consumption to the treatment received at Fort ilayard. Situated in an ideal climate, where It is dry 36u days in the year, with its liineleen square miles of territory, shady paths, embowered avenues and I lower gardens. Fort Bayard, often called "tne garden spot of New Mex ico," is at the .first view more like a town than like what the public gen erally associates -with the idea of a hospital.. The hospital has its library of 12,500 volumes, reading rooms, pool and billiard halls, a large electric light and power plant, ice plant, dairy, 1 very stables, telegraph office and, tel ephone exchange, Jewelry shop, bar ber shops, studio, tailor shop and many other features not connected with the majority of hospitals. A reservoir IK feet in height, which ill hold 300,000 gallons, is now in course of construction, and will be used to supplement the present water system. These recent appropriations and the purchase of $8,000 worth of land the deal for which was recent ly closed show that the government of the United States appreciates the benefit to the thousands of patients that have been treated at the big san larlum In the over ten years of its existence. MuMng Medical Observations. As soon as any of Uncle cianr's sol diers wherever stationed show in dications of tuberculosis they are im mediately placed under observation. They are given a rigid physical ex amination and the pathologist puts the sputum through a careful exam ination under the microscope. If they are then found to have the disease they are at once sent to Fort Bayard, the government paying all transporta tion and subsistence expenses. This transportation in canes from the Phil HOW'D YOU i t 'Nt vlPvWlrW N Ir the larger part of a day recently frxvrviar Taft was la the lutnds ippines or Central Alaska amounU to va-t sums yearly, as the lck are paid their salaries as If on duty, both going to and returning from Fort ltnyard. The transportation the Unit ed States gives her sick soldier Is t'nj very oesi. in traveling dj rmi given a first class Pullman ticket. At Bayard station the patient more often It la patients is nut by the ambulance and driven to th an nex, which Is the receiving ward for the enlisted patients and the benefi ciaries of Soldiers' home of Washing ton, 1). C, the expenses of the latter being defrayed by the home at the rate of 20 a month, and who are, while patients in the general hospital at Fort Bayard, subject to the rules and articles for the government of the armies of the United Stales. At the annex the patient has his temperature recorded and pulse tak en; he Is given a sputum cup in wh eh to expectorate. It Is one of the Veiy worst acts of disobedience to be found spitting elsewhere or to go anywhere without his "bug box," made of paper saturated with oil of sandal wood and held in a brass frame. He is next shown the bathroom, where he changes his clothing for pajamas, a robe and slippers and his outdoor trealmenl begins. While in this part of the hospital the patient has to stay in bed sixteen hours out of the twenty-tour, lie sleeps on the broad ve randa of the annex, for tne treatment Used here is an outdoor treatment. The consumption germ loves the darkness; its favorite haunts are in the shadowy places, but there are no dark, iil-ventilated rooms at the big sanitarium for its convenience. The basis of the treatment here is the 1 1 v ling of a primordial, back-to-nature lile, pure, fresh air and good food. It is not so- much a medicine cure as a nature cure. The morning following the patient's arrival he Is put through an exhaust ive physical examination, and a chart containing the clinical history of the case, diagnosis and previous personal history is started. To this chart are daily addtl the temperature for each day, the weight (which is taken every Friday), the result of the regular monthly exahi- t ination and the history of all compli cations or developments that may arise. The patient is also Instructed to take his sputum to the laboratory for ten days of each montn, mi louna positive, when the examination of the sputum is discontinued. The post laboratory, with its phar macy. X-ray exueriiuentinu room and pathologist department, 1b one of the ' most Interesting buildings in the sani- ( tarlum. In the pathological depart- ( ment the sputum is put through a process by which the germ is stained so as to be visible under a strong mi croscope. The "T. B." germ, which has caused more deaths, more sorrow than all the great wars, fires and hur ricanes of h.story, does not look the part. Magnified one thousand diame ters, it looks small and unimportant, its general appearance being that of a silk thread, broken Into lengths of one-eighth to one-quarter inch. What It lacks In size, however, it makes up in numbers and vitality. The patients in the majority of cas c gain weight and run a normal temperature after being treated for some time at the annex. They are then able to move about more and are sent dow n with the ambulent pa tients, divided into two classes, class A and class li. Kvery patient has to stay at least one month in class B before being allowed in class A, which is the best class of patients in the soldier home and enlisted men part of the Institution. Patients having active lesions or large cavities are not allowed in class A till they have had a great Improvement in their con dition. Ambulent, a patient no long er wears hospital clothing, lie dons his own uniform and outside of th sleep hours, in class B, thirteen and one-quarter of the twenty-four, he Is allowed to take walks, play pool or LIKE TO BE MR. TAFT'S TAILOR? croquet, go to the reading room, II- j brary, post exchange or amuse him self In any way that does not mean over-exertion. This class patient Is with the exception of those occupying three tents located In one of the fln' est buildings In the sanitarium, for J Its purpose It might be called Ideal.: This building, the ldn of w hich or.g- I inated with the present commanding' ofilcer, Lieutenant Colonel U. E. 1 KuKhnell, belongs to the old mlsslou style of architecture. In the middle of the building Is an empty court and around it Is one continuous ve randa, the awning overhead being so fixed that in Inclement weather tho patients ran lower It so as to close this part of the building. There are also four verandas on the outs de of tho bu Ming, so that the patient has but to roll his bed through the dr-s-lng room to sleep on the outside of the building. liw luilcnfs Improve. The difference oetween class U, and the class A patients is that the latter are in o tier condition and are not in tne san tarlum referred to as "s.eep i r, ' us from 7 In the looming to 9 al nignt they do not have to go to bed, wii.le at the same ti.ne tht y are cncouifiged to sleep as much as they wish to tnrough the day, a privilege of which a great many path-nta ot this class avail tin msa fes. Tne e.ass A fVatient wouid not at least not to the uulra m il eje appear to be a "lung er' at ail. Many of tiiein are fatter than ever before in their lives. This class of -patients are also allowed Hie no mean privilege of taking a pass of iiont 10 a. in. to 6 p. m. every two weeks. At these t.mes the patients go to Silver City, nine m.les distant, which is one of the large cities of New Mexico, or to Santa Kita, the oldest copper min ing camp In the United States, being worked long before the days of the settlement of New Mexico by peopiB from the eastern states. This town is ulso the scene of Owen Wlster's "Virginian." The -reason that these patients are not allowed passes often- er is that even lhemoderate us of Intoxicants has been proven, beyond the peradventure of doubt, to be detri mental to tne recovery of the tubercu lous patient. There are very stringent laws aga list the bringing of any in toxicants into the post tor the same reason. While not allowed outside the reservation more than twice monthly, the patients are not by any means without their amusements. The post has a dramatic club that puts on some very good shows .at the recreation hall. Fort Bayard also has one of tho beat orchestras in the territory Outside of these there are a large number of good shows visit here, so that in this line Fort Bayard Is bel ter off than most towns, for the two fold reason that the patients here are given the privilege of seeing oe-tler shows and that they cost them notli lng, the expenses for amusement be ing paid by the government. Cla.is A patients live on the veran das of the wards, used as quarters by the soldiers who garrisoned the post through the Apache Indian wars, Q rontmo, the greatest of the Indian chiefs that figured in these wars, hav ing done duty at Fort Bayard as a sergeant of scouts before the bejrln ning o his career of massacre. The patients these quarters do not accom modate are in the tents. What is called a tent here is in reality three large tents, end to end, with the flaps between them wide open. The s'des or these tents are kept up night and day. In the wards the patients are not allowed Inside even with the windows open, except from supper time to 9 o'clock, when "taps" are sountled' and all the patients not al ready In bed have to go there, as fif teen minutes later a check of all the p.iti. nts In the post is taken. Th temperature of the class A pa tient ! taken once daily, that of the class B patient twice every day, and If any of the patients runs a temper ature of 99. five or more, or has a of his tailor. News Item. hemorrhage, he Is sent to the Infirm pry, where ths worst class of patients Is treated, iler the patient has to tay in bed almost coliltiuou.v, ard four or five times a dV tie is given in urlshment consisting ot milk and ep.-j drinks, cocoa or pla n milk, ut s do of his regular three meals. Sol d.er patients who have largely regain ed their health and who have not for a long time had, any temperature are, at the end of their -fifth month of treatment, sent up before a board of medical officers, who put In a recom mendation for return to duly, more treatment or a disability discharge. Those, recommended for duty by the commanding officer, on the reenm im ii.lati.in of this board, are tried out in the garden, which supplies the san it.tp.uin Willi the greater part of the vegetables used. Soldiers are either returned to duty or discharged for disability in from mx to eight months after their admis sion. o.diera thus discharged from the service may at' any time obtain a.1 mission to tho Soldiers' home, Dis trict of Columb.a, provided the dis ability Is "in the line ot duty," and they are then entitled to all the priv ileges of the hospital- here, their ex penses oelng defrayed by the Sol diers' home. Call lor Territorial Conventicn A Republican territorial convention is hereby called by order of the Re publican committee to be held at Santa Fe on the 18th dy of August, A. D. 190s, at the Capitol building, for the purpose of uomina.ing a can didate for uelegate to the sixty-first Congrf to represent New Mexico. The several counties of the territory will be enti led to reptasentatlon as follows: Counties. Delegates. Bernalillo. ; u Chav.es 4 Colfax u Dona Ana g Kady , 1 Grant . Guadalupe 5 Lincoln 5 Luna 1 McKlnley Mora. g Otero. . 1 Quay j Rio Arriba 10 Roosevelt. 1.... t Sandoval. 7 San Juan 4 San Miguel i Santa Fe 10 Sierra 4 Socorro u Taos t Torrence t Union ( Valencia, u Total 180 Notice for precinct primaries shall be given at leastUve days In advance of holding same. County conventions shall ba called by the county chairman except in such counties at have no county chairman, In which case a member ot the territorial committee of such county shall make the call hereunder; provided, that in the county of Ber nalillo the call for the county conven. tion and rules regulating and govern ing the procedure and method of con. ducting the primaries In the said county of Bernalillo shall be called and made by a commission composed of three electors of said county of Bernalillo to be elected In accordance wlih a resolution adopted by the Re publican executive committer at Al buquerque, N. M., July 10, 1908. All county conventions shall be held not later than August IS, 1908, and the chairman of the several coun ty committees are requested to promptly advise the undersigned or the secretary of the comm.ttee the names of the delegates selected at such coun y conventions In order that the same may be entered upon the temporary roll. Proxies for delegates will not be recognized except when held by per sons residents of the county from which such delegates may have been selected. Delegates to the territorial conven tion heretofore elected by the county conventions of th counties of Sierra and Roosevelt will be recognized and no additional convention shall be held in such counties hereunder. ICfrl.slative Nominations. In all Legislative districts composed of three counties or more the Joint membership of the delegates selected hereunder from the counties of said Legislative districts shall meet and as. semble not later than the SOth day of August at Santa Fe, N. M., and hold district conventions for the pur pose of nominating Legislative candi dates, provided, that said Legislative nominations may be made as soon at practicable after the adjournment of the territorial convention, at which meeting all of the counties of said Legislative -districts shall be given op portunity to be present and partici pate. By order of the territorial commit tee. H. O. BURSUM, Chairman. POISONOUS PLANTS KILL UTAH SHEEP (.ov eminent V-ox raleH Willi Kle--lin n in llliiiiinutc Choke Cherry I Yoiii the lUtngc. A nunioer of ute-ep were recently In i iHolit-il iiv nutii' rhnla r Viurrv ieavis while passing over a driveway' ai ruxs part of thu Manti national tonal in Utah, and, though sheep dr.veways are not sirictly part of the national forest range, the government has taken steps to prevent further looses to the.sheepmen from this cause Mi-mbers of the force on the Forests wlil co-operate with stockmen In cut-J ting out the thickets of choke cherry! bushes where th.y grow most densely,! thus allowing the heep to be hurried through them, and in some case the! driveway will be changed so as to avoid the thickets altogether. I When the shefcp enter this drive-! way thty are hungry after a long a Liuie trip over public highways, which form almost one continuous lane between cultivated fields. They eat the choke cherry leaves ravenously, though un der ordinary conditions they would hardly touch them. The leaves con tain pruaslc acid, and when an ex aminat ou was made ot the elomacns of several of the dead sheep, and they were found tilled with the leaves, the cause ot deala was clearly estab lished. Stockmen throughout the west are coming more fully to recognize the benefits of government co-operation and range control. The whole grac ing policy la to make the range better and to insure its equitable use. Re striction is practiced not for its own sake, but for the good ot the range and stockmen w ho depend upon It. The range has deteriorated under unrestricted use, and so the govern ment is making investigations under the direction of F. V. Coville, botanist, bureau of plant Industry, department of agriculture, with a view to reseed Ing with belter grass. Again, poison ous plants are often destructive to llv'tock, and in this case Dr. C. D. Marsh, of the bureau of plant In dustry, Is conducting a study to detect poisonous plants and suggest means of eradicating them. There are also heavy losses from predatory animals, but government hunters und trappers are bony reducing the number ot mountain lions and timber wolves, which do most of the damage. Finally, there - is the magnificent prairie dog, which selects the choicest grassy bottoms for its operations, strips them to the soil, and plows up the ground for its burrows. They have gone after the prairie dog now, however, and by the u.10 of effective poison will soon put an end to this pest. a modi7fa1m wiilbe exh biteo ball I liver Valley In Arizona Plans lulque Miovvlng at Uiu Oungrc. One of the things which Mexa is going to attempt is a miniature farm right on the exposition grounds, says the Arizona Gazette. The Salt river valley will furnish the soil and the seeds and the box and Albuquerque will be expected to furnish the sun shine and the water. This box, which will probably be upwards ot 18x21 feet, will be laid out In fields ami dif- , fernnl kind of HPAii mli-h Aa nlfnlfiL. I - - ' ' - ' onions, lettuce, radishes, tomatoes, etc., will be planted In the woll up wards of two weeks before the open ing ot this exposition, so as t give the plants time enough to come through the soil by the time the ex position commences. A complete lr liK'ition syntem will be arranged with ditches and borders as In actual farm ing. This Is a very unique means of showing irrigation as It Is practiced in the Salt river valley, and It should prove a splendid advertisement. EVERYBODY READS THE AL nitnnirnniTU' riT?v vv n re ttit WE GET THE NEWS FIRST. j 7 ANT AD TELEPHONE IS V I if M ' IP (mi &us' El " ' - T"Je.. tji- t'V ' "M A little want ad, day by day, Dots the work you draw the pay. It ses the j people you don't know, And helps you make your business grow. HAVE ROOM TO RENT? OR A HOUSE? Do vou know that ceoole arc almost ficrhtlnw . . for quarters right here in An ad like this FOR RENT Large, well furnished, well ventilated front room, modern and sanitary. OO Blake St. placed in The Albuquerque Citizen will secure you a tenant at the small cost of 3 times for 35c, or 6 times for 50c. omcmcmnmcmomcmomcmom'im-mn m Convenience - Comfort - Security The telephone makes the duties lighter, the cares less and the worries fewer. TOU NEED A TELEP HONE IN TOUR HOMB jfj' THE COLORADO TELEPHONE CO. i mi m w m mc w rww mnmnmn i. D. Eakln, President Q Oloml. Vice President. Consolidated Liquor Company accessor t MFJJN1 it EAKIV, aiul BACH EC! 11 GIOMJ MHOi.sT0Ai.aT DsTAi.sTa IM Wines, Liquors and Cigars W lp tvtrythlag In Hook to outfit too toon fottldloat bar aotnploto Have liivn appoint ext'lurdve agents In the Knutbwet for Joa. a. Sclilits. Win. Ix-inp anil si. Lonls A. U. ('. Breweries: YrshsSoipn. ;re-i Klvrr, W. 11. Mc Ifrayer s rvlar Itrook, Iiuls lluutr, T. J Monarch, and oilier brand of whiskies too numerous to memio. WE AHE NOT COMIHM'XDEIUJ IHut sell the straight article s rerelvsd from, the sett Wlnartes Distilleries and Breweries In the Untied Stales, call asd tnspaet nil . Uln.l. mwA ..In... as ... I 1 1 . - , -..! . . " " ' iuu " ' Hi wi,w i',i IJt. Issued to dealers' only isxvr'u wvtim anna In Citizen YOU A Albuquerque, and now? cm3morcmomcmomccmcmomcm Tne telephone si your health, arolengs yor and protects your boaae. m f r tmrmymomomom.mumm Chaa. Mellnl, Secretary O. Bachschl, Trasmrar- iiiuiiriicu Ltiiufui ana mo wt . y